Competence Assessment in Dementia

Author: European Dementia Consensus Network

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3211723692

Category: Medical

Page: 184

View: 2030

The increasing proportion of demented elderly in populations, debates over patient’s rights and autonomy, and the growing body of knowledge on dementia has inspired the European Dementia Consensus Network to regard competence assessment in dementia as an important topic of debate. This book contains a summarised consensus as well as chapters on state-of-art neuropsychological functions and how they relate to competence, and chapters discussing ethical, legal perspectives.
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Forschung in der Sozialen Arbeit

Grundlagen – Konzepte – Perspektiven

Author: Armin Schneider,Michaela Köttig,Daniela Molnar

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3847408089

Category: Education

Page: 197

View: 8096

Forschende in der Sozialen Arbeit müssen sich vielen, teils widersprüchlichen Ansprüchen stellen. Wie bringt man mit der Gewinnung von neuem Wissen das Fach voran? Wie achtet man dabei Würde und Recht der „Beforschten“ und kann sie vielleicht miteinbeziehen? Woher kommt die finanzielle Unterstützung für die eigene Forschung? Wie lassen sich Lehre und Forschung in Einklang bringen? In diesem komplexen Geschehen müssen Forscherinnen und Forscher diverse Anforderungen vereinbaren, ohne die eigenen Ziele und Ansprüche aus den Augen zu verlieren. Der Band bietet Beiträge zur Diskussion um Grundlagen, Spezifika und Perspektiven von Forschung in der Sozialen Arbeit und zeichnet Konturen für das Selbstverständnis von Forschenden in der Sozialen Arbeit.
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Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology

Author: Nancy A. Pachana,Ken Laidlaw

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191029106

Category: Psychology

Page: 600

View: 4930

Throughout the world, the population of older adults continues to grow. The rise in geriatric populations has seen an increase in research on clinical diagnostic, assessment, and treatment issues aimed at this population. Clinical geropsychologists have increased their interest both in providing mental health services as well as developing approaches to improve quality of life for all older adults. The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology is a landmark publication in this field, providing broad and authoritative coverage of the research and practice issues in clinical geropsychology today, as well as innovations expanding the field's horizons. Comprising chapters from the foremost scholars in clinical geropsychology from around the world, the handbook captures the global proliferation of activity in this field. In addition to core sections on topics such as sources of psychological distress, assessment, diagnosis, and intervention, the handbook includes valuable chapters devoted to methodological issues such as longitudinal studies and meta-analyses in the field, as well as new and emerging issues such as technological innovations and social media use in older populations. Each chapter offers a review of the most pertinent international literature, outlining current issues as well as important cultural implications and key practice issues where relevant, and identifying possibilities for future research and policy applications. The book is essential to all psychology researchers, practitioners, educators, and students with an interest in the mental health of older adults. In addition, health professionals - including psychiatrists, social workers, mental health nurses, and trainee geriatric mental heatlh workers - will find this a invaluable resource. Older adults comprise a growing percentage of the population worldwide. Clinical psychologists with an interest in older populations have increased the amount of research and applied knowledge about effectively improving mental health later in life, and this book captures that information on an international level. The book addresses how to diagnose, assess and treat mental illness in older persons, as well as ways to improve quality of life in all older persons. It has a great breadth of coverage of the area, including chapters spanning how research is conducted to how new technologies such as virtual reality and social media are used with older people to improve mental health. The book would appeal to all psychology researchers, practitioners, educators and students with an interest in the mental health of older adults. It would also appeal to other health professionals, including psychiatrists, social workers, and mental health nurses who work with older people. It is a valuable resource for trainee geriatric mental health workers because it highlights key readings and important practice implications in the field.
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Dementia

Comprehensive Principles and Practices

Author: Bradford Dickerson,Alireza Atri

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199321728

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 6449

Dementia: Comprehensive Principles and Practice is a clinically-oriented book designed for clinicians, scientists, and other health professionals involved in the diagnosis, management, and investigation of disease states causing dementia. A "who's who" of internationally-recognized experts contribute chapters emphasizing a multidisciplinary approach to understanding dementia. The organization of the book takes an integrative approach by providing three major sections that (1) establish the neuroanatomical and cognitive framework underlying disorders of cognition, (2) provide fundamental as well as cutting-edge material covering specific diseases associated with dementia, and (3) discuss approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of dementing illnesses.
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Intellectual Disability

Criminal and Civil Forensic Issues

Author: Michael Chafetz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199998132

Category: Psychology

Page: 224

View: 7826

Courts recognize that those who are involved in medico-legal proceedings have a stake in the outcome of their psychological assessment, regardless of whether they are high- or low-functioning individuals. Accounting for the validity of the evaluation in low-functioning examinees is frequently made more difficult by impairment; when evaluating testimony from people with intellectual disability (ID), neuropsychologists and psychologists must acknowledge the differences between the medico-legal evaluation and the clinical evaluation. This book provides helpful guidelines for assessing validity in low-functioning claimants. It charts recent advances in psychological and neuropsychological assessment pertaining to civil and criminal proceedings while examining issues such as validity and motivation, assessments of disability, criminal and civil capacities, capital cases, Miranda waiver cases, and others. In disability cases, the Social Security Administration has had a long-standing policy that prevents neuropsychologists and psychologists from using validity instruments--yet, using this book, an accurate and valid assessment can still be obtained. Evaluators who perform assessments in capital cases will find up-to-date discussions of the Flynn Effect, measurement of intellectual functioning, problems associated with the assessment of adaptive functioning, and the challenge of validity assessment. Miranda waiver evaluations for those with low IQ are discussed concerning issues of capacity measurement, including reading and language analysis for the Miranda advisement in the particular jurisdiction in question. Testamentary capacity is discussed at length, showing how understanding of the legal standard is helpful in guiding the examination. Competency to stand trial, or adjudicative competence, is the main topic in the area of criminal competencies, with exploration of the Dusky standard and the various tests used to evaluate this competence, focusing on individuals with ID.
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Demonstrating Your Clinical Competence in Depression, Dementia, Alcoholism, Palliative Care and Osteoporosis

Author: Jane Higgs

Publisher: Radcliffe Publishing

ISBN: 9781857757446

Category: Medical

Page: 164

View: 3149

All registered nurses are required to keep portfolios which demonstrate their competence in clinical practice in order to receive re-registration with the Nursing and Midwifery Council; Helps nurses expand their clinical knowledge and enables them to demonstrate their level of expertise in Depression, Dementia, Alcoholism, Palliative Care and Osteoperosis; Guides readers towards using the most appropriate evidence to prove their competency and expertise; Easy-to-read style with practical suggestions to improve clinical care.
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Forensic Neuropsychology

A Scientific Approach

Author: Glenn J. Larrabee

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199920893

Category: Medical

Page: 552

View: 4050

With increasing frequency neuropsychologists are being asked to serve as experts in court cases where judgements must be made as to the cause of, and prognosis for brain diseases and injuries. This book describes the application of neuropsychology to legal issues in both the civil and criminal courts. It emphasizes a scientific basis of neuropsychology. All of the contributors are recognized as scientist-clinicians. The chapters cover common forensic issues such as appropriate scientific reasoning, the assessment of malingering, productive attorney-neuropsychologist interactions, and ethics. Also, covered are the determination of damages in personal injury litigation, including pediatric brain injury, mild, moderate, and severe traumatic brain injury in adults (with an introduction to life care planning); neurotoxic injury; and forensic assessment of medically unexplained symptoms. Civil competencies in the elderly persons with dementia are addressed a separate chapter, and two chapters deal with the assessment of competency and responsibility in criminal forensic neuropsychology. This volume will be an invaluable resource for neuropsychologists, attorneys, neurologists, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, and their students and trainees.
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Dementia

Author: Allen Jack Edwards

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475799632

Category: Psychology

Page: 300

View: 6398

Dementia is a state that has implications for several groups. There are, first, those who wish to assess its nature and impact in an objective and scientific fashion, using tools of research to uncover dementia's causes, effects, and parameters. The result has been a rapidly expanding literature in diverse disciplines: physiology, chemistry, neurology, psychology, and sociology, among others. Second, there are those professionals and caregivers who work di rectly with patients and other caregivers and who must assess and apply interventions. Third, physicians are involved in diagnosis and treatment (so far as possible) and are responsible for communicating the ominous meanings of the destructive disease process. Fourth, there are the caregivers, who accept accountability for the future of a human who increasingly shows a "robbing of the mind" in his or her behaviors. The needs and stresses of those who care for and about those with progressive dementia are among the most intense imaginable. They need support of many kinds, frequently without knowing what to ask or of whom to ask it. Finally, there are the patients, who increasingly become dependent as their mental competencies decline. They need empathic care-including answers to questions about cause, stabilization, or reversal of the de menting process. Even more, they need cure. Further, present and future generations need the assurance of prevention. This volume surveys present "knowledge" about dementia and its consequences.
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The Ultimate Guide to Competency Assessment in Health Care

Author: Donna K. Wright

Publisher: Creative Health Care Management

ISBN: 1886624666

Category: Medical

Page: 232

View: 6862

It is time to move your competency assessment process beyond meeting regulatory standards to creating excellence The Ultimate Guide to Competency Assessment in Health Care is packed with ready-to-use tools designed to help you develop, implement and evaluate competencies. More than that, you will find a new way of thinking about competency assessment - a way that is outcome-focused and accountability-based. With over 20,000 copies sold world-wide, it is the most trusted resource on competency assessment available.
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The Neuropsychology of Everyday Life: Assessment and Basic Competencies

Author: David E. Tupper,Keith D. Cicerone

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461315034

Category: Medical

Page: 348

View: 2901

For a period of some fifteen years following completion of my internship training in clinical psychology (1950-1951) at the Washington University School of Medicine and my concurrent successful navigation through that school's neuroanatomy course, clinical work in neuropsychology for me and the psychologists of my generation consisted almost exclusively of trying to help our physician colleagues differentiate patients with neurologic from those with psychiatric disorders. In time, experience led all of us from the several disciplines involved in this enterprise to the conclusion that the crude diag nostic techniques available to us circa 1945-1965 had garnered us little valid information upon which to base such complex, differential diagnostic decisions. It now is gratifying to look back and review the remarkable progress that has occurred in the field of clinical neuropsychology in the four decades since I was a graduate student. In the late 1940s such pioneers as Ward Halstead, Alexander Luria, George Yacorzynski, Hans-Lukas Teuber, and Arthur Benton already were involved in clinical studies that, by the late 1960s, would markedly have improved the quality of clinical practice. However, the only psychological tests that the clinical psychologist of my immediate post-Second World War generation had as aids for the diagnosis of neurologically based conditions involving cognitive deficit were such old standbys as the Wechsler Bellevue, Rorschach, Draw A Person, Bender Gestalt, and Graham Kendall Memory for Designs Test.
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Understanding Behaviour in Dementia that Challenges

A Guide to Assessment and Treatment

Author: Ian Andrew James

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 9780857002969

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 176

View: 3468

*Highly Commended in the Health and Social Care category at the 2012 British Medical Association Book Awards* Behaviours that challenge can significantly interfere with the quality of life of a person with dementia, as well as that of those who live with and care for them. Yet there is a great deal of confusion surrounding how such behaviours should be addressed. This book provides theory and practical guidance on the assessment and treatment of behaviours that challenge in dementia, with a particular emphasis on non-pharmacological approaches. The author describes the different categories and causes of challenging behaviour in people with dementia, and provides tried-and-tested models which will aid identification, assessment and treatment. A thorough evaluation of the use of psychotropic medication is provided, as well as of a wide range of psychological and biopsychosocial interventions. The book contains useful tools and protocol derived from the author's work at a specialist challenging behaviour unit, as well as case studies which demonstrate how the various models may be used in practice. This will be an invaluable resource for any professional involved in the assessment and treatment of behaviours that challenge in people with dementia, including psychiatrists, psychologists, community psychiatric nurses, GPs and occupational therapists. It will also be of interest to those involved in commissioning, providing and managing services.
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Dementia and Social Work Practice

Research and Interventions

Author: Carole B. Cox, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826101082

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 1484

"Practical coverage of driving, day care, support groups, and respite is particularly welcome. This is a good book to have available, not just for social work faculty and students, but also for those in the health sciences, psychology, and sociology. It will be a useful resource for professionals coping with the increasing problems for family and community that an aging population and the epidemic of Alzheimer's disease bring with them....Recommended. Lower-level undergraduate through professionals/practitioners."--Choice Beyond the immediate and devastating effects dementia can have on individuals and their quality of life are the strains that are placed on the families, caregivers, and communities that support them. Social workers are in a unique position to address all these issues at the same time that they provide care for individuals with dementia. To facilitate the entrance of social workers into this area of care, Carol B. Cox has edited a volume of expert articles on the biological, psychological, and social aspects of dementia. . Readers will learn the latest assessment instruments, as well as how to distinguish between Alzheimer's and non-Alzheimer's dementias. Intervention strategies for every stage of dementia are presented. The effects of culture and diversity on the treatment of persons with dementia are examined, including examples of successful programs from several countries. The benefits and drawbacks of adult day services, community care, and residential care are discussed. Finally, a discussion of the legal, financial, and psychological stresses faced by caregivers of those with dementia rounds out this much needed text.
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Neurodegenerative Dementias

Clinical Features and Pathological Mechanisms

Author: Christopher Clark,John Q. Trojanowski

Publisher: Appleton & Lange

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 491

View: 751

Presents a logical and elegant review of basic science, diagnosis, and treatment of the most heavily researched and most commonly encountered group of devastating neurologic illnesses: the neurodegenerative dementias.
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Dementia Care in Nursing

Author: Sue Barker,Michele Board

Publisher: Learning Matters

ISBN: 0857258028

Category: Medical

Page: 184

View: 3084

Dementia care presents a huge challenge to health and social care both now and in the future. The number of those in the UK with dementia is expected to increase to 1.4 million in the next 30 years. Regardless of the field of nursing, all nurses need to understand the experiences of a person with dementia and the issues related to their care. This book provides an introduction to dementia care for nursing students with an emphasis on humanizing care. Real life case studies show the person behind the patient and explore the ethical dilemmas that a nurse may face.
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Assessing Competence to Consent to Treatment

A Guide for Physicians and Other Health Professionals

Author: Thomas Grisso,Paul S. Appelbaum

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195103724

Category: Medical

Page: 211

View: 7049

One of the most challenging tasks facing clinicians today is the assessment of patients' capacities to consent to treatment. The protection of a patient's right to decide, as well as the protection of incompetent patients from the potential harm of their decisions, rests largely on clinicians' abilities to judge patients' capacities to decide what treatment they will receive. However, confusing laws and the complicated ethical issues surrounding the concept of competence to consent have made the process of competence assessment intimidating for many clinicians. Health professionals--physicians, medical students, residents, nurses, and mental health practitioners--have long needed a concise guidebook that translates the issues for practice. That is what this book accomplishes. This volume is the product of an eight-year study of patients' capacities to make treatment decisions--the most comprehensive research of its kind. The authors describe the place of competence in the doctrine of informed consent, analyze the elements of decision-making, and show how assessments of competence to consent to treatment can be conducted within varied general medical and psychiatric treatment settings. The book explains how assessments should be conducted and offers detailed, practice-tested interview guidelines to assist medical practitioners in this task. Numerous case studies illustrate real-life applications of the concepts and methods discussed. Grisso and Appelbaum also explore the often difficult process of making judgments about competence and describe what to do when patients' capacities are limited. A timely, practical handbook relevant to every medical specialty, Assessing Competence to Consent to Treatment will benefit a wide array of medical practitioners--including physicians, medical students, residents, nurses, and other allied health professionals--who need to assess the mental competence of patients in their everyday practice. It will also interest ethicists and moral philosophers, as well as geriatricians and clinical psychologists working with cognitively impaired patients.
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Cultural Competence in Health Care

Author: Wen-Shing Tseng,Jon Streltzer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387721711

Category: Medical

Page: 138

View: 3675

Cultural competence in Health Care provides a balance between a theoretical foundation and clinical application. Because of the focus on basic principles, this book will be useful not only in the United States, but throughout the world as Cultural Competence is intending to fill the cultural competence gap for students and practitioners of medicine and related health sciences, by providing knowledge and describing the skills needed for culturally relevant medical care of patients of diverse ethnic and cultural backgrounds.
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Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care, Step-By-Step Guidance for Assessment and Intervention

Medicine, Healthcare

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1478435526

Category: Education

Page: 98

View: 1078

Facts101 is your complete guide to Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care, Step-By-Step Guidance for Assessment and Intervention. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
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The Law and Ethics of Dementia

Author: Charles Foster,Jonathan Herring,Israel Doron

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782254307

Category: Law

Page: 449

View: 1530

Dementia is a topic of enormous human, medical, economic, legal and ethical importance. Its importance grows as more of us live longer. The legal and ethical problems it raises are complex, intertwined and under-discussed. This book brings together contributions from clinicians, lawyers and ethicists ? all of them world leaders in the field of dementia ? and is a comprehensive, scholarly yet accessible library of all the main (and many of the fringe) perspectives. It begins with the medical facts: what is dementia? Who gets it? What are the current and future therapeutic and palliative options? What are the main challenges for medical and nursing care? The story is then taken up by the ethicists, who grapple with questions such as: is it legitimate to lie to dementia patients if that is a kind thing to do? Who is the person whose memory, preferences and personality have all been transformed by their disease? Should any constraints be placed on the sexual activity of patients? Are GPS tracking devices an unpardonable interference with the patient's freedom? These issues, and many more, are then examined through legal lenses. The book closes with accounts from dementia sufferers and their carers. It is the first and only book of its kind, and the authoritative text.
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Handbook of Clinical Psychology Competencies

Author: Jay C Thomas,Michel Hersen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387097562

Category: Psychology

Page: 1827

View: 734

This multi-volume handbook describes the core competency areas relevant to practitioners as well as clinical researchers. It covers assessment and conceptualization of cases, applying evidence-based methods, consultation, cross-cultural factors, and ethics.
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