Comparing European Workers

Policies and Institutions

Author: David Brady

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857249320

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 6105

Focuses on the politics, economics, sociology, and history of work and workers in Europe. This title places the labor markets, workplaces, jobs and workers of Europe in comparative perspective, and compares contemporary patterns and the history of European workers with other models of work worldwide.
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Non-Standard Employment in Europe

Paradigms, Prevalence and Policy Responses

Author: Max Koch,Martin Fritz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113726716X

Category: Political Science

Page: 246

View: 4408

Postwar employment standards are being undermined and 'non-standard' employment is becoming more common. While scholars have pointed to negative consequences of this development, this volume also discusses the evidence for a new and socially inclusive European employment standard.
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Transformation of the Employment Structure in the EU and USA, 1995-2007

Author: E. Fernandez-Macias,J. Hurley,D. Storrie

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230369812

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 4821

This collection describes the changing structure of employment during the period of robust employment expansion that preceded the credit crunch and features contributions from a team of leading labour market researchers from Europe and the United States.
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Minimum Income Protection in Flux

Author: I. Marx,K. Nelson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137291842

Category: Political Science

Page: 335

View: 1672

The current economic crisis has presented itself as a formidable challenge to the welfare states of Europe. It is more relevant than ever to ask: do existing minimum income protection schemes succeed in adequately protecting citizens, be it whether they are excluded from work, working, retired, or having children? Drawing on in-depth and up-to-date institutional data from across Europe and the US, this volume details the reality of minimum income protection policies over time. Including contributions from leading scholars in the field, each chapter provides a systematic cross-national analysis of minimum income protection policies, developing concrete policy guidance on an issue at the heart of the European debate.
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Retirement

Reasons, Processes, and Results

Author: Gary A. Adams, PhD,Terry A. Beehr, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826197375

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 3850

This book reviews, summarizes, and integrates a diverse literature on the topic of retirement and provides a coherent view to better inform researchers and practitioners. Organized around three phases of the retirement process--pre-retirement, retirement decision-making, and post-retirement--the chapters examine economic, sociological, gerontological, and psychological theory and research. Topics discussed include: types of retirement, retirement planning and preparation, early retirement incentive programs, the economics of the retirement decision-making, and work after retirement, among others. Contributors include Jerome Kaplan, Kenneth Shultz, Harvey Sterns, and Linda Stroh.
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The Oxford Handbook of Employment Relations

Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Geoffrey Wood,Richard Deeg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 760

View: 6932

There have been numerous accounts exploring the relationship between institutions and firm practices. However, much of this literature tends to be located into distinct theoretical-traditional 'silos', such as national business systems, social systems of production, regulation theory, or varieties of capitalism, with limited dialogue between different approaches to enhance understanding of institutional effects. Again, evaluations of the relationship between institutions and employment relations have tended to be of the broad-brushstroke nature, often founded on macro-data, and with only limited attention being accorded to internal diversity and details of actual practice. The Handbook aims to fill this gap by bringing together an assembly of comprehensive and high quality chapters to enable understanding of changes in employment relations since the early 1970s. Theoretically-based chapters attempt to link varieties of capitalism, business systems, and different modes of regulation to the specific practice of employment relations, and offer a truly comparative treatment of the subject, providing frameworks and empirical evidence for understanding trends in employment relations in different parts of the world. Most notably, the Handbook seeks to incorporate at a theoretical level regulationist accounts and recent work that link bounded internal systemic diversity with change, and, at an applied level, a greater emphasis on recent applied evidence, specifically dealing with the employment contract, its implementation, and related questions of work organization. It will be useful to academics and students of industrial relations, political economy, and management.
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Deskilling Migrant Women in the Global Care Industry

Author: S. Cuban

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137305614

Category: Social Science

Page: 249

View: 3451

This book explores the human geographies of skilled migration, specifically the practices, dispositions, relationships, and resources of professional women who participate in the global care industry.
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Long-Term Care in Europe

Improving Policy and Practice

Author: K. Leichsenring,J. Billings,H. Nies

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137032340

Category: Political Science

Page: 389

View: 4999

Drawing on research across a wide range of European countries, this book analyzes the key issues at stake in developing long-term care systems for older people in Europe with a focus on progression and improvement for policy and practice.
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Regulating Employment and Welfare

Company and National Policies of Labour Force Participation at the End of Worklife in Industrial Countries

Author: Frieder Naschold,B DeVroom

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110878534

Category: Social Science

Page: 503

View: 7128

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Transnational Corporations from the Standpoint of Workers

Author: N. Räthzel,D. Mulinari,A. Tollefsen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137323051

Category: Social Science

Page: 311

View: 787

This book explores the history and global expansion of AB Volvo, one of the hundred largest corporations in the world, through the experiences of its workers in Sweden, Mexico, South Africa, and India. It investigates how neo-liberalisation has transformed the company into a promoter of lean production, at the expense of the workers' needs.
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Contracting-out Welfare Services

Comparing National Policy Designs for Unemployment Assistance

Author: Siobhan O'Sullivan,Mark Considine

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119016460

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 3656

Contracting-out Welfare Services focuses on the design and overhaul of welfare-to-work systems around the world in the light of the radical re-design of the welfare system; internationally based authors utilise a national/program case study, considering employment services policy and activation practices. International contributors bring a global comparative perspective to the subject Contributors are all experts in their field, who also draw on a much longer intellectual legacy Uses employment services as a case study to advance understanding in relation to a host of broader principles and concepts Each paper included within the text uses a national/program case study, and each considers employment services policy in general, and activation practices in particular
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Job design and industrial democracy

The case of Norway

Author: Joep F. Bolweg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146134364X

Category: Social Science

Page: 139

View: 2630

The organization of work is under critique in many industrialized countries. Bureaucracy, specialization, repetitive technology, and hierarchical control structures are criticized by politicians, trade unionists, and social scientists. They argue for improved quality of work, for work democratization, and for the humanization of work. This book evaluates Norwegian field ex periments in the area of job redesign which started already in 1964. Norway has therefore a lead in experience compared to most other countries, particu to the United States, where debates and subsequent experiments re larly volving around the quality of working life and the democratization of work started only in the early seventies. The Norwegian social scientists who left their academic bastions and started action research drew heavily upon the 'open socio-technical system' thinking as developed by the Tavistock Insti tute of Human Relations in London. This descriptive evaluation study ana lyzes the job redesign experiments from an industrial democracy perspective and places the experiments in their national political and labor relations contexts. Special emphasis is given to the actual and potential role trade unions can play in shopfloor job design projects. The industrial relations of the United States is generally used as reference point in this study. system The theory guiding the experiments regards work democratization through job redesign as a first step in a bottom-up process of organizational demo cratization.
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Social Welfare Policy for a Sustainable Future

The U.S. in Global Context

Author: Katherine S. van Wormer,Rosemary J. Link

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483322424

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 9048

Unique in its use of a sustainability framework, Social Welfare Policy for a Sustainable Future by Katherine S. van Wormer and Rosemary J. Link goes beyond U.S. borders to examine U.S. government policies—including child welfare, social services, health care, and criminal justice—within a global context. Guided by the belief that forces from the global market and globalization affect all social workers in their practice, the book addresses a wide range of relevant topics, including the refugee journey, the impact of new technologies, war trauma, global policy instruments, and restorative justice. A sustainability policy analysis model and an ecosystems framework for trauma-informed care are also presented in this timely text.
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Discrimination at Work

Comparing European, French, and American Law

Author: Marie Mercat-Bruns

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520959582

Category: Law

Page: 386

View: 8211

How do the United States and France differ in laws and attitudes concerning discrimination at work? Franco-American scholar Marie Mercat-Bruns interviews prominent legal scholars to demonstrate how these two post-industrial democracies have adopted divergent strategies. Whereas employers in the United States and France rarely discriminate openly, deep systemic discrimination exists in both countries, each with a unique history of dealing with difference. Powerful and incisive, the book examines hot-button issues such as racial and religious bias, sexual harassment, gender discrimination, and equality for LGBT individuals, highlighting comparisons that will further discussions on social equality and fundamental human rights across borders.
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Through the Labyrinth

The Truth About How Women Become Leaders

Author: Alice H. Eagly,Linda L. Carli

Publisher: Harvard Business Review Press

ISBN: 1633690237

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 7279

Despite real progress, women remain rare enough in elite positions of power that their presence still evokes a sense of wonder. In Through the Labyrinth, Alice Eagly and Linda Carli examine why women's paths to power remain difficult to traverse. First, Eagly and Carli prove that the glass ceiling is no longer a useful metaphor and offer seven reasons why. They propose the labyrinth as a better image and explain how to navigate through it. This important and practical book addresses such critical questions as: How far have women actually come as leaders? Do stereotypes and prejudices still limit women's opportunities? Do people resist women's leadership more than men's? And, do organisations create obstacles to women who would be leaders?This book's rich analysis is founded on scientific research from psychology, economics, sociology, political science, and management. The authors ground their conclusions in that research and invoke a wealth of engaging anecdotes and personal accounts to illustrate the practical principles that emerge. With excellent leadership in short supply, no group, organisation, or nation can afford to restrict women's access to leadership roles. This book evaluates whether such restrictions are present and, when they are, what we can do to eliminate them.
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Delaying Retirement

Progress and Challenges of Active Ageing in Europe, the United States and Japan

Author: Dirk Hofäcker,Moritz Hess,Stefanie König

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137566973

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 385

View: 9470

To a backdrop of ageing societies, pension crises and labour market reforms, this book investigates how the policy shift from early retirement to active ageing has affected individual retirement behaviour. Focusing on eleven European countries, the United States and Japan, it brings together leading international experts to analyze recent changes in pension systems. Their findings demonstrate that there has been a fundamental transition in pension policies and a steep increase in older workers’ retirement ages and employment rates. Yet changes in retirement behavior are not evenly distributed across all societal strata. This raises the serious concern that an overall rise in the retirement age will be accompanied by the re-emergence of social inequality in the transition from work to retirement. This innovative edited collection will appeal to students and scholars of sociology, economics, political science, human resources management, gerontology and social policy, and also to policy-makers and professionals dealing with older workers.
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Handbook on In-Work Poverty

Author: Henning Lohmann,Ive Marx

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1784715638

Category:

Page: 520

View: 8278

There has been a rapid global expansion of academic and policy attention focusing on in-work poverty, acknowledging that across the world a large number of the poor are ‘working poor’. Taking a global and multi-disciplinary perspective, this Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of current research at the intersection between work and poverty.
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Managing Social Change and Social Policy in Greater China

Welfare Regimes in Transition

Author: Ka-Ho Mok,Maggie K. W. Lau

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134575149

Category: Political Science

Page: 250

View: 2848

East Asia is at the heart of the global economic transformation, and the countries of the region are witnessing rapidly changing labour markets, alongside the pressure to cut production costs and lower taxes in order to become successful ‘competition states’. These changes have resulted in increased welfare demands which governments, organizations and agencies across the region have had to address. This book examines welfare regimes in the Greater China region, encompassing mainland China, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. In so doing, it explores the ways in which the rapid growth and internationalisation of the economy across Greater China is presenting new social policy challenges that governments, social welfare organizations and agencies in the region are having to respond to. Rather than simply describing and categorising welfare systems, the contributors to this volume add to our understanding of how one of the major economic transformations of the contemporary era in East Asia is shaping welfare provision in the region. In turn, in this context of economic change, they examine the new strategies and measures that have been adopted in order to reduce the heavy burden on the state in terms of welfare provision, whilst also attempting to diversify funding and provision sources to meet the pressing welfare needs. Based upon extensive fieldwork by leading scholars of social policy, this book will appeal to students and scholars of Asian social policy, comparative development and social policy, social welfare and Chinese studies.
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