Comparing European Workers

Policies and Institutions

Author: David Brady

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857249312

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 7138

Focuses on the politics, economics, sociology, and history of work and workers in Europe. This title places the labor markets, workplaces, jobs and workers of Europe in comparative perspective, and compares contemporary patterns and the history of European workers with other models of work worldwide.
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Research in the Sociology of Work

Author: Steven P. Vallas

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1786354055

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 3504

This volume includes contributions which discuss: work and identity, including the experiences of actors and teachers; authority and control at work, including insights from the hospitality and publishing industries; and issues of gender and sexuality in the workplace, including insights on sexual harassment in the workplace.
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Non-Standard Employment in Europe

Paradigms, Prevalence and Policy Responses

Author: Max Koch,Martin Fritz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113726716X

Category: Political Science

Page: 246

View: 4643

Postwar employment standards are being undermined and 'non-standard' employment is becoming more common. While scholars have pointed to negative consequences of this development, this volume also discusses the evidence for a new and socially inclusive European employment standard.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Poverty

Author: David Brady,Linda M. Burton,James B Duke Professor of Sociology Linda M Burton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199914052

Category: Poverty

Page: 936

View: 9387

Despite remarkable economic advances in many societies during the latter half of the twentieth century, poverty remains a global issue of enduring concern. Poverty is present in some form in every society in the world, and has serious implications for everything from health and well-being to identity and behavior. Nevertheless, the study of poverty has remained disconnected across disciplines. The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Poverty builds a common scholarly ground in the study of poverty by bringing together an international, inter-disciplinary group of scholars to provide their perspectives on the issue. Contributors engage in discussions about the leading theories and conceptual debates regarding poverty, the most salient topics in poverty research, and the far-reaching consequences of poverty on the individual and societal level. The volume incorporates many methodological perspectives, including survey research, ethnography, and mixed methods approaches, while the chapters extend beyond the United States to provide a truly global portrait of poverty. A thorough examination of contemporary poverty, this Handbook is a valuable tool for non-profit practitioners, policy makers, social workers, and students and scholars in the fields of public policy, sociology, political science, international development, anthropology, and economics.
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Transformation of the Employment Structure in the EU and USA, 1995-2007

Author: E. Fernandez-Macias,J. Hurley,D. Storrie

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230369812

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 5183

This collection describes the changing structure of employment during the period of robust employment expansion that preceded the credit crunch and features contributions from a team of leading labour market researchers from Europe and the United States.
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The Social Construction of Reality

A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge

Author: Peter L. Berger,Thomas Luckmann

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1453215468

Category: Social Science

Page: 219

View: 9185

The classic work that redefined the sociology of knowledge and has inspired a generation of philosophers and thinkers In this seminal book, Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann examine how knowledge forms and how it is preserved and altered within a society. Unlike earlier theorists and philosophers, Berger and Luckmann go beyond intellectual history and focus on commonsense, everyday knowledge—the proverbs, morals, values, and beliefs shared among ordinary people. When first published in 1966, this systematic, theoretical treatise introduced the term social construction,effectively creating a new thought and transforming Western philosophy.
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Minimum Income Protection in Flux

Author: I. Marx,K. Nelson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137291842

Category: Political Science

Page: 335

View: 8792

The current economic crisis has presented itself as a formidable challenge to the welfare states of Europe. It is more relevant than ever to ask: do existing minimum income protection schemes succeed in adequately protecting citizens, be it whether they are excluded from work, working, retired, or having children? Drawing on in-depth and up-to-date institutional data from across Europe and the US, this volume details the reality of minimum income protection policies over time. Including contributions from leading scholars in the field, each chapter provides a systematic cross-national analysis of minimum income protection policies, developing concrete policy guidance on an issue at the heart of the European debate.
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The Oxford Handbook of Employment Relations

Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Geoffrey Wood,Richard Deeg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 760

View: 8782

There have been numerous accounts exploring the relationship between institutions and firm practices. However, much of this literature tends to be located into distinct theoretical-traditional 'silos', such as national business systems, social systems of production, regulation theory, or varieties of capitalism, with limited dialogue between different approaches to enhance understanding of institutional effects. Again, evaluations of the relationship between institutions and employment relations have tended to be of the broad-brushstroke nature, often founded on macro-data, and with only limited attention being accorded to internal diversity and details of actual practice. The Handbook aims to fill this gap by bringing together an assembly of comprehensive and high quality chapters to enable understanding of changes in employment relations since the early 1970s. Theoretically-based chapters attempt to link varieties of capitalism, business systems, and different modes of regulation to the specific practice of employment relations, and offer a truly comparative treatment of the subject, providing frameworks and empirical evidence for understanding trends in employment relations in different parts of the world. Most notably, the Handbook seeks to incorporate at a theoretical level regulationist accounts and recent work that link bounded internal systemic diversity with change, and, at an applied level, a greater emphasis on recent applied evidence, specifically dealing with the employment contract, its implementation, and related questions of work organization. It will be useful to academics and students of industrial relations, political economy, and management.
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The Social Foundations of Industrial Power

A Comparison of France and Germany

Author: Marc Maurice,François Sellier,Jean-Jacques Silvestre

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262132138

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 292

View: 1603

The Social Foundations of Industrial Power challenges the theory of industrial convergence, which maintains that as societies become more modern, they develop increasingly similar industrial structures and industrial relations and "converge" to resemble a single model of the advanced industrial society.The book opens by analyzing the considerable differences between the pay scales for direct labor in French and German industry. It then takes up and summarizes the results of the authors' research into such questions as: How has the wage-labor relation developed in each society? How are skills developed in the labor force (the educational factor)? What circumstances affect job mobility (the occupational factor)? How are authority relations established within the firm, and what kind of cooperation exists between labor and management (the organizational factor)? How are conflicts resolved (the industrial relations factor)?The authors' own theory is explained in relation to the prevailing economic theories of the labor market, theories of organization, and theories of industrial relations. And after empirical observation, they conclude that one can find no homogenization of French and German work relations and that, in fact, national specificities exist and are maintained through relations in education, training, and promotion.Marc Maurice and J.-J. Silvestre are heads of research at the National Center for Scientific Research, Laboratory of Economics and Sociology of Work, Aix en Provence. Francois Sellier is Professor of Labor Economics and Industrial Relations, Paris-Nanterre University.
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Higher Education in the Gulf States

Shaping Economies, Politi and Culture

Author: Christopher Davidson,Peter Mackenzie

Publisher: Saqi

ISBN: 0863568572

Category: Education

Page: 190

View: 8924

Nowhere in the world is university education expanding as rapidly as in the six-member state of the Gulf Cooperation Council. In two generations the region has gone from having the Middle East's least educated population to boasting a younger generation whose educational achievements are approaching Oraginisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) standards. This unique study, with contributions by key decision makers, charts this dramatic development, exploring the challenges faced and placing accomplishments within the social, economic and political context of the region.
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Discrimination at Work

Comparing European, French, and American Law

Author: Marie Mercat-Bruns

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520283805

Category: Social Science

Page: 362

View: 4623

Includes interviews with American professors of law.
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Retirement

Reasons, Processes, and Results

Author: Gary A. Adams, PhD,Terry A. Beehr, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826197375

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 2367

This book reviews, summarizes, and integrates a diverse literature on the topic of retirement and provides a coherent view to better inform researchers and practitioners. Organized around three phases of the retirement process--pre-retirement, retirement decision-making, and post-retirement--the chapters examine economic, sociological, gerontological, and psychological theory and research. Topics discussed include: types of retirement, retirement planning and preparation, early retirement incentive programs, the economics of the retirement decision-making, and work after retirement, among others. Contributors include Jerome Kaplan, Kenneth Shultz, Harvey Sterns, and Linda Stroh.
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Regulating Employment and Welfare

Company and National Policies of Labour Force Participation at the End of Worklife in Industrial Countries

Author: Frieder Naschold,B DeVroom

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110878534

Category: Social Science

Page: 503

View: 4316

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Assessing Prostitution Policies in Europe

Author: Hendrik Wagenaar,Synnøve Økland Jahnsen

Publisher: Interdisciplinary Studies in Sex for Sale

ISBN: 9781138224919

Category: Prostitution

Page: 384

View: 5260

Once again, prostitution occupies a prominent position on public and political agendas, both nationally and internationally. A topic of concern and interest within social and academic realms, it is a highly moralised, contested issue that is at the centre of heated and drawn-out debates. With each chapter dedicated to a separate country and written by a national authority on the subject, Assessing European Prostitution Policies seeks to explore how prostitution is regulated in 21 European countries, thus drawing out important implications for an effective and humane prostitution policy. Indeed, this innovative volume brings together systematic accounts of how national and local forms of governance influence the commercial market for sex as well as the lives of sex workers and third parties. All chapters cover the history of prostitution policy, national laws regulating prostitution, policy formulation and implementation, the national discourse on prostitution, the gap between national and local regulation, the impact of policy on the lives and rights of sex workers, and sex worker advocacy organizations. In addition to this, the authors examine and highlight how immigration, labour, fiscal and welfare law have as much impact on the sex trade as designated prostitution law. A unique interdisciplinary title that is comprehensive in its coverage, Assessing European Prostitution Policies will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students, postdoctoral researchers, sex worker advocacy organisations and policy makers interested in fields such as Sexuality and Prostitution, Public Policy, Criminology and Gender Studies.
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Through the Labyrinth

The Truth About How Women Become Leaders

Author: Alice H. Eagly,Linda L. Carli

Publisher: Harvard Business Review Press

ISBN: 1633690237

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 5116

Despite real progress, women remain rare enough in elite positions of power that their presence still evokes a sense of wonder. In Through the Labyrinth, Alice Eagly and Linda Carli examine why women's paths to power remain difficult to traverse. First, Eagly and Carli prove that the glass ceiling is no longer a useful metaphor and offer seven reasons why. They propose the labyrinth as a better image and explain how to navigate through it. This important and practical book addresses such critical questions as: How far have women actually come as leaders? Do stereotypes and prejudices still limit women's opportunities? Do people resist women's leadership more than men's? And, do organisations create obstacles to women who would be leaders?This book's rich analysis is founded on scientific research from psychology, economics, sociology, political science, and management. The authors ground their conclusions in that research and invoke a wealth of engaging anecdotes and personal accounts to illustrate the practical principles that emerge. With excellent leadership in short supply, no group, organisation, or nation can afford to restrict women's access to leadership roles. This book evaluates whether such restrictions are present and, when they are, what we can do to eliminate them.
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Work, Families and Organisations in Transition

European Perspectives

Author: Lewis, Suzan,Brannen, Julia,Ann Nilsen

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781847422200

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 214

View: 8907

Based upon cross-national case studies of public and private sector workplaces, Work, families and organisations in transition illustrates how workplace practices and policies impact on employees' experiences of work-life balance in contemporary shifting contexts.
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Contracting-out Welfare Services

Comparing National Policy Designs for Unemployment Assistance

Author: Siobhan O'Sullivan,Mark Considine

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119016460

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 3806

Contracting-out Welfare Services focuses on the design and overhaul of welfare-to-work systems around the world in the light of the radical re-design of the welfare system; internationally based authors utilise a national/program case study, considering employment services policy and activation practices. International contributors bring a global comparative perspective to the subject Contributors are all experts in their field, who also draw on a much longer intellectual legacy Uses employment services as a case study to advance understanding in relation to a host of broader principles and concepts Each paper included within the text uses a national/program case study, and each considers employment services policy in general, and activation practices in particular
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Job design and industrial democracy

The case of Norway

Author: Joep F. Bolweg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146134364X

Category: Social Science

Page: 139

View: 1873

The organization of work is under critique in many industrialized countries. Bureaucracy, specialization, repetitive technology, and hierarchical control structures are criticized by politicians, trade unionists, and social scientists. They argue for improved quality of work, for work democratization, and for the humanization of work. This book evaluates Norwegian field ex periments in the area of job redesign which started already in 1964. Norway has therefore a lead in experience compared to most other countries, particu to the United States, where debates and subsequent experiments re larly volving around the quality of working life and the democratization of work started only in the early seventies. The Norwegian social scientists who left their academic bastions and started action research drew heavily upon the 'open socio-technical system' thinking as developed by the Tavistock Insti tute of Human Relations in London. This descriptive evaluation study ana lyzes the job redesign experiments from an industrial democracy perspective and places the experiments in their national political and labor relations contexts. Special emphasis is given to the actual and potential role trade unions can play in shopfloor job design projects. The industrial relations of the United States is generally used as reference point in this study. system The theory guiding the experiments regards work democratization through job redesign as a first step in a bottom-up process of organizational demo cratization.
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Handbook on In-Work Poverty

Author: Henning Lohmann,Ive Marx

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1784715638

Category:

Page: 520

View: 5928

There has been a rapid global expansion of academic and policy attention focusing on in-work poverty, acknowledging that across the world a large number of the poor are ‘working poor’. Taking a global and multi-disciplinary perspective, this Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of current research at the intersection between work and poverty.
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