Comparative Politics: Structures and Choices

Author: Lowell Barrington

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111341931

Category: Political Science

Page: 472

View: 7207

COMPARATIVE POLITICS: STRUCTURES AND CHOICES, offers a thematic framework that seamlessly connects concepts, theories, and country-specific information. In the Second Edition, an important set of concepts and theories is introduced and then applied to each of nine countries (the United Kingdom, Germany, Mexico, Brazil, Russia, China, India, Nigeria, and Iran) through the Topic in Countries (TIC) sections of each chapter. Students develop an understanding of how economic, cultural, identity, and political structures are linked to political systems and how individuals make political choices. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Comparative Politics, Structures and Choices

Political science, Political science

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467244155

Category: Education

Page: 56

View: 3024

Facts101 is your complete guide to Comparative Politics, Structures and Choices. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
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Political Topographies of the African State

Territorial Authority and Institutional Choice

Author: Catherine Boone

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521532648

Category: Political Science

Page: 405

View: 2283

Catherine Boone examines political regionalism in Africa and how it affects forms of government, and prospects for democracy and development. Boone's study is set within the context of larger theories of political development in agrarian societies. It features a series of compelling case studies that focus on regions within Senegal, Ghana, and Côte d'Ivoire and ranges from 1930 to the present. The book will be of interest to readers concerned with comparative politics, Africa, development, regionalism and federalism, and ethnic politics.
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Structuring Politics

Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Analysis

Author: Sven Steinmo,Kathleen Thelen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521428309

Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 2386

These essays demonstrate how the 'historical institutional' approach to the study of politics reveals the nature of institutional change and its effect on policy making.
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Nations and Government: Comparative Politics in Regional Perspective

Author: Thomas Magstadt

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495915289

Category: Political Science

Page: 672

View: 1983

With a unique regional organization and conceptual approach, NATIONS AND GOVERNMENTS: COMPARATIVE POLITICS IN REGIONAL PERSPECTIVE helps students understand national governments more fully by putting them into a larger regional context. This text documents the changes brought on by the post-Soviet era and the age of globalization, while charting the progress of emerging markets and democracies around the world. This new edition looks closely at the impact of the global recession, providing up-to-date analysis of national policy responses. It also details the continuing rise of Brazil, Russia, India, and China, with case-study coverage of each country. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Electoral Engineering

Voting Rules and Political Behavior

Author: Pippa Norris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521536714

Category: Political Science

Page: 375

View: 6604

From Kosovo to Kabul, the last decade witnessed growing interest in ?electoral engineering?. Reformers have sought to achieve either greater government accountability through majoritarian arrangements or wider parliamentary diversity through proportional formula. Underlying the normative debates are important claims about the impact and consequences of electoral reform for political representation and voting behavior. The study compares and evaluates two broad schools of thought, each offering contracting expectations. One popular approach claims that formal rules define electoral incentives facing parties, politicians and citizens. By changing these rules, rational choice institutionalism claims that we have the capacity to shape political behavior. Alternative cultural modernization theories differ in their emphasis on the primary motors driving human behavior, their expectations about the pace of change, and also their assumptions about the ability of formal institutional rules to alter, rather than adapt to, deeply embedded and habitual social norms and patterns of human behavior.
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Democratic Transitions

Modes and Outcomes

Author: Sujian Guo,Gary A Stradiotto

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317751078

Category: Political Science

Page: 138

View: 3330

Democratic transitions have occurred in many countries in various regions across the globe, such as Southern Europe, Latin America, Africa, East and Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe and the Middle East, and these nations have undergone simuntaneously political, economic and social transformations. Yet, the patterns and characteristics of transitions have varied significantly, and different modes of transition have resulted in different outcomes. This book offers cross-national comparisons of democratic transition since the turn of the twentieth century and asks what makes democracies succeed or fail. In doing so it explores the influence the mode of transition has on the longevity or durability of the democracy, by theoretically examining and quantitatively testing this relationship. The authors argue that the mode of transition directly impacts the success and failure of democracy, and suggest that cooperative transitions, where opposition groups work together with incumbent elites to peacefully transition the state, result in democracies that last longer and are associated with higher measures of democratic quality. Based on a cross-national dataset of all democratic transitioning states since 1900, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and democracy, and democratization studies.
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Social Movements and Networks

Relational Approaches to Collective Action

Author: Mario Diani,Doug McAdam,Professor of Sociology Doug McAdam

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199251770

Category: Political Science

Page: 348

View: 1318

Social Movements and Networks examines the extent to which a network approach should inform research on collective action. For the first time in a single volume, leading social movements researchers systematically map out and assess the contribution of social network approaches to their fieldof enquiry in light of broader theoretical perspective. By exploring how networks affect individual contributions to collective action in both democratic and non-democratic organizations, and how patterns of inter-organizational linkages affect the circulation of resources within and betweenmovements, the authors show how network concepts improve our grasp of the relationship between social movements and elites and of the dynamics of the political processes.
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Markets and States in Tropical Africa

The Political Basis of Agricultural Policies

Author: Robert H. Bates

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520282566

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 639

Following independence, most countries in Africa sought to develop, but their governments pursued policies that actually undermined their rural economies. Examining the origins of Africa’s “growth tragedy,” Markets and States in Tropical Africa has for decades shaped the thinking of practitioners and scholars alike. Robert H. Bates’s analysis now faces a challenge, however: the revival of economic growth on the continent. In this edition, Bates provides a new preface and chapter that address the seeds of Africa’s recovery and discuss the significance of the continent’s success for the arguments of this classic work.
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Social Structure, Value Orientations and Party Choice in Western Europe

Author: Oddbjørn Knutsen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319521233

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

View: 5263

This book analyses the impact of socio-structural variables, such as social class, religion, urban/rural residence, age and gender, on influencing an individual’s voting preferences. There have been major changes in recent decades both to social structure and how social structure determines people’s voting behaviour. There has also been a shift in value orientations, for example from religious to secular values and from more authoritarian to libertarian values. The author addresses the questions: How do social structure and value orientations influence party choice in advanced industrial democracies?; To what extent is the impact of social structure on party choice transmitted via value orientations?; To what extent is the impact of value orientations on party choice causal effects when controlled for the prior structural variables? The book will be of use to advanced students and scholars in the fields of comparative politics, electoral politics and political sociology.
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Foundations of Comparative Politics

Democracies of the Modern World

Author: Kenneth Newton,Jan W. van Deth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131655290X

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6888

The new edition of this leading overview of comparative politics once again blends theory and evidence across democratic systems to provide unparalleled coverage. The student-friendly structure and clear, concise writing ensure that complex issues are clearly explained and students engage with the key theories. The third edition is updated throughout, with a new chapter, 'Public Spending and Public Policies', increased coverage of defective democracies, and revised coverage of e-democracy and the power of the media. The pedagogy is simplified with a focus on 'Briefings' and 'Controversies' that feature examples from across the globe, alongside clear key terms, 'What We Have Learned' and 'Lessons of Comparison' sections, and a wealth of online materials to complete a rich teaching and learning package.
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Machiavelli's Children

Leaders and Their Legacies in Italy and Japan

Author: Richard J. Samuels

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801489822

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 5709

Two late-developing nations, Japan and Italy, similarly obsessed with achieving modernity and with joining the ranks of the great powers, have traveled parallel courses with very different national identities. In this audacious book about leadership and historical choices, Richard J. Samuels emphasizes the role of human ingenuity in political change. He draws on interviews and archival research in a fascinating series of paired biographies of political and business leaders from Italy and Japan. Beginning with the founding of modern nation-states after the Meiji Restoration and the Risorgimento, Samuels traces the developmental dynamic in both countries through the failure of early liberalism, the coming of fascism, imperial adventures, defeat in wartime, and reconstruction as American allies. Highlights of Machiavelli's Children include new accounts of the making of postwar Japanese politics—using American money and Manchukuo connections—and of the collapse of Italian political parties in the Clean Hands (Mani Pulite) scandal. The author also tells the more recent stories of Umberto Bossi's regional experiment, the Lega Nord, the different choices made by Italian and Japanese communist party leaders after the collapse of the USSR, and the leadership of Silvio Berlusconi and Ishihara Shintar on the contemporary right in each country.
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The State and Poverty in India

Author: Kohli

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521378765

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 7030

In The State and Poverty in India the author argues cogently that well-organised, left-of-centre parties in government are the most effective in implementing reform.
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The Transformation of European Social Democracy

Author: Herbert Kitschelt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521457156

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 2391

This book explains the contrasting strategies of social democratic parties and their electoral fortunes in the major European democracies in the 1970s and 1980s. Going beyond approaches that focus on the influence of class structures and political economic institutions, Herbert Kitschelt analyzes a party's competitive situation in the electoral arena, the constraints and opportunities of party organization, and ideological legacies to explain the strategic choices made by social democratic parties and their electoral results. Social democracy is far from being doomed to decline, but its success depends on its ability to transform its political message and construct new electoral coalitions.
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Essentials of Comparative Politics

Fifth International Student Edition

Author: O'Neil, Patrick H

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393263118

Category: Political Science

Page: 456

View: 928

The Essentials of Comparative Politics family provides all of the tools professors need to introduce the study and comparison of political systems. A brief conceptual textbook of the core ideas behind comparative politics, a complete casebook of thirteen country studies, and a comprehensive reader of secondary and primary sources - together these give instructors the utmost flexibility in structuring their courses without asking students to pay too much.
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Veto Players

How Political Institutions Work

Author: George Tsebelis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400831456

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 6775

Political scientists have long classified systems of government as parliamentary or presidential, two-party or multiparty, and so on. But such distinctions often fail to provide useful insights. For example, how are we to compare the United States, a presidential bicameral regime with two weak parties, to Denmark, a parliamentary unicameral regime with many strong parties? Veto Players advances an important, new understanding of how governments are structured. The real distinctions between political systems, contends George Tsebelis, are to be found in the extent to which they afford political actors veto power over policy choices. Drawing richly on game theory, he develops a scheme by which governments can thus be classified. He shows why an increase in the number of "veto players," or an increase in their ideological distance from each other, increases policy stability, impeding significant departures from the status quo. Policy stability affects a series of other key characteristics of polities, argues the author. For example, it leads to high judicial and bureaucratic independence, as well as high government instability (in parliamentary systems). The propositions derived from the theoretical framework Tsebelis develops in the first part of the book are tested in the second part with various data sets from advanced industrialized countries, as well as analysis of legislation in the European Union. Representing the first consistent and consequential theory of comparative politics, Veto Players will be welcomed by students and scholars as a defining text of the discipline. From the preface to the Italian edition: ? "Tsebelis has produced what is today the most original theory for the understanding of the dynamics of contemporary regimes. . . . This book promises to remain a lasting contribution to political analysis."--Gianfranco Pasquino, Professor of Political Science, University of Bologna
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Comparative Politics

Author: Judith Bara,Mark Pennington

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446204723

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 8585

'Bara and Pennington's edited volume successfully fills a huge void in the market for introductory textbooks to comparative politics which previously offered either descriptions of political processes and systems or overviews of the methodology of comparative analysis. By applying major political science theories to overviews of the core elements of political systems, the authors both enhance our understanding of these elements and provide readers an excellent introduction to comparative explanation' - Dr David Howarth, University of Edinburgh 'What is distinctive about this authoritative and comprehensive book on comparative politics is the way in which it is underpinned throughout by a theoretical analysis centred on a new institutionalist approach' - Professor Wyn Grant, University of Warwick 'Comparative Politics takes a fresh and original approach to the field... it examines the role of structures, rules and norms in regulating the individual and collective behaviour of political actors. Each chapter provides a critical bibliography and key questions which will be particularly useful for students approaching Comparative Politics for the first time. Altogether this is a comprehensive and useful read which I warmly recommend' - Ian Budge, Professor Emiritus Professor of Government, University of Essex 'This is a most useful book. Teachers of comparative politics often scramble around, with out-of-date textbooks and photocopies of more or less compatible articles. Here is a new book that gives an up-to-date, comprehensive and systematic introduction to the major strands of institutional thought and applies these to the major institutions, processes and policy areas. It will be a great help for many of us, academics and students alike' - Peter Kurrild-Klitgaard, Professor of Comparative Politics, University of Copenhagen This book provides a distinctive new introduction to the study of comparative politics at undergraduate level. Rich in case study material and global in coverage, Comparative Politics sets out the basic theoretical and methodological foundations for studying different political systems as well as the key structures and actors of which they are comprised. Part One explores the nature of comparative methodology and introduces students to the major theoretical paradigms that seek to explain the operation of institutions in democratic states and facilitate comparison across different political systems. Part Two examines the institutional structures of the modern state, outlining the key features such as the electoral systems and territorial and functional divisions of government across a range of modern states. Part Three analyzes the role of key actors, such as voters and parties, interest groups and social movements, the bureaucracy and the judiciary. This book will be an essential primer for students on first-year courses in comparative government and politics as well as introductory courses in political science concepts and methods. Judith Bara is Senior Lecturer in Politics at Queen Mary, University of London and Research Fellow in Government, University of Essex. David S. Bell is Professor of French Government and Politics and Head of Social Studies and Law at the University of Leeds. Jocelyn Evans is Reader in Politics at the European Studies Research Institute, University of Salford. Catherine Needham is Lecturer in Politics at Queen Mary, University of London. Brendan O'Duffy is Senior Lecturer in Politics at Queen Mary, University of London. Mark Pennington is Senior Lecturer in Politics at Queen Mary, University of London. David Robertson is Professor of Politics, University of Oxford and Vice Principal, St Hugh's College, Oxford.
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The Latin American Voter

Pursuing Representation and Accountability in Challenging Contexts

Author: Ryan E Carlin,Matthew M Singer,Elizabeth J Zechmeister

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 047205287X

Category: Political Science

Page: 429

View: 3672

Public opinion and political behavior experts explore voter choice in Latin America with this follow-up to the 1960 landmark The American Voter
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Introduction to Comparative Politics: Brief Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0618866833

Category: Political Science

Page: 458

View: 1813

This brief edition of the bestselling, full-length Introduction to Comparative Poliics uses the same key themes to frame the presentation of each country's politics, placing a strong emphasis on political economy. This edition's easy to read 8x10" format
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International Politics: Power and Purpose in Global Affairs

Author: Paul D'Anieri

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305630084

Category: Education

Page: 512

View: 1970

INTERNATIONAL POLITICS: POWER AND PURPOSE IN GLOBAL AFFAIRS, 4th Edition, helps you make the connection between analytical theories and real-world issues and events. The focus on power and purpose engages both the goals that actors have in international politics, and the ways they have to achieve them. Thought-provoking case studies and features on history, policy, and geography let you see the world from multiple perspectives, while critical-thinking questions for each feature ask you to examine what you have learned. The Connection to You boxes show how international politics directly affects the lives of individuals, and how individuals can influence international politics. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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