Towards a Comparative Political Economy of Unfree Labour

Case Studies and Debates

Author: Dr Tom Brass,Tom Brass

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317827368

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 1817

Many works about agragarian change in the Third World assumes that unfree relations are to be eliminated in the course of capitalist development. This text argues that the incidence of bonded labour is greater than supposed, and that in certain situations rural employers prefer an unfree workforce.
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Comparative Political Economy of Work

Author: Marco Hauptmeier,Matt Vidal

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137322292

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 1344

An edited book in the Critical Perspectives on Work and Employment series associated with the annual International Labour Process Conference. The book focuses on comparative work and employment relations research conducted within a broader political economy framework. Written by leading academics, it contains cutting-edge research.
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The Comparative Political Economy of Development

Africa and South Asia

Author: Barbara Harriss-White,Judith Heyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135171939

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 4497

This book illustrates the enduring relevance and vitality of the comparative political economy of development approach promoted among others by a group of social scientists in Oxford in the 1980s and 1990s. Contributors demonstrate the viability of this approach as researchers and academics become more convinced of the inadequacies of orthodox approaches to the understanding of development. Detailed case material obtained from comparative field research in Africa and South Asia informs analyses of exploitation in agriculture; the dynamics of rural poverty; seasonality; the non farm economy; class formation; labour and unfreedom; the gendering of the labour force; small scale production and contract farming; social networks in industrial clusters; stigma and discrimination in the rural and urban economy and its politics. Reasoned policy suggestions are made and an analysis of the comparative political economy of development approach is applied to the situation of Africa and South Asia. Aptly presenting the relation between theory and empirical material in a dynamic and interactive way, the book offers meaningful and powerful explanations of what is happening in the continent of Africa and the sub-continent of South Asia today. It will be of interest to researchers in the fields of development studies, rural sociology, political economy, policy and practice of development and Indian and African studies.
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How Institutions Evolve

The Political Economy of Skills in Germany, Britain, the United States, and Japan

Author: Kathleen Thelen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521546744

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 333

View: 9433

Kathleen Thelen explains the historical origins of important cross-national differences in four countries (Germany, Britain, the United States and Japan), and also provides a theory of institutional change over time. The latter is considered a frontier issue in institutionalist analysis, of which there are several varieties emerging from economics, political science, and sociology. Thelen's study contributes to the literature on the political economy of the developed democracies that focuses on different institutional arrangements defining distinctive models of capitalism.
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The Political Economy of Work Security and Flexibility

Italy in Comparative Perspective

Author: Fabio Berton,Matteo Richiardi,Stefano Sacchi

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847429076

Category: Political Science

Page: 190

View: 8444

This book casts light on the empirical relationship between labor market deregulation through non-standard contracts and the three main dimensions of worker security: employment, income and social security.
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The Comparative Political Economy of the Welfare State

Author: Thomas Janoski,Alexander M. Hicks

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521436021

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 395

View: 4876

Comparative research is exploding with alternative methodological and theoretical approaches. In this book, experts in each one of these methods provide a comprehensive explanation and application of time-series, pooled, event history and Boolean methods to substantive problems of the welfare state. Each section of the book focuses on a different method with a general introduction to the methods and then two papers using the method to deal with analysis concerning welfare state problems in a political economy perspective. Scholars concerned with methodology in this area cannot afford to overlook this book because it will help them keep up on proliferating methodologies. Graduate students in political science and sociology will find this book extremely useful in their careers.
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The Economics of Thomas Robert Malthus

Author: Samuel Hollander

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802007902

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1053

View: 9011

Hollander investigates the relation of Malthusian economics to that of the other great classicists - particularly Smith, Ricardo, J.B. Say, and the French physiocrats. He redefines our common perception of Malthus's method and character.
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Women, Work, and Politics

The Political Economy of Gender Inequality

Author: Torben Iversen,Frances McCall Rosenbluth

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300153104

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 9557

This book presents an original and groundbreaking approach to gender inequality. Looking at women's power in the home, in the workplace, and in politics from a political economy perspective, the authors demonstrate that equality is tied to demand for women's labor outside the home, which is a function of structural, political, and institutional conditions.--[book jacket]
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Routledge Handbook of Comparative Political Institutions

Author: Jennifer Gandhi,Rubén Ruiz-Rufino

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317551796

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 9617

The Routledge Handbook of Comparative Political Institutions (HCPI) is designed to serve as a comprehensive reference guide to our accumulated knowledge and the cutting edge of scholarship about political institutions in the comparative context. It differs from existing handbooks in that it focuses squarely on institutions but also discusses how they intersect with the study of mass behaviour and explain important outcomes, drawing on the perspective of comparative politics. The Handbook is organized into three sections: The first section, consisting of six chapters, is organized around broad theoretical and empirical challenges affecting the study of institutions. It highlights the major issues that emerge among scholars defining, measuring, and analyzing institutions. The second section includes fifteen chapters, each of which handles a different substantive institution of importance in comparative politics. This section covers traditional topics, such as electoral rules and federalism, as well as less conventional but equally important areas, including authoritarian institutions, labor market institutions, and the military. Each chapter not only provides a summary of our current state of knowledge on the topic, but also advances claims that emphasise the research frontier on the topic and that should encourage greater investigation. The final section, encompassing seven chapters, examines the relationship between institutions and a variety of important outcomes, such as political violence, economic performance, and voting behavior. The idea is to consider what features of the political, sociological, and economic world we understand better because of the scholarly attention to institutions. Featuring contributions from leading researchers in the field from the US, UK, Europe and elsewhere, this Handbook will be of great interest to all students and scholars of political institutions, political behaviour and comparative politics. Jennifer Gandhi is Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Emory University. Rubén Ruiz-Rufino is Lecturer in International Politics, Department of Political Economy, King’s College London.
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The Political Economy of Pipelines

A Century of Comparative Institutional Development

Author: Jeff D. Makholm

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226502120

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 9469

With global demand for energy poised to increase by more than half in the next three decades, the supply of safe, reliable, and reasonably priced gas and oil will continue to be of fundamental importance to modern economies. Central to this supply are the pipelines that transport this energy. And while the fundamental economics of the major pipeline networks are the same, the differences in their ownership, commercial development, and operation can provide insight into the workings of market institutions in various nations. Drawing on a century of the world’s experience with gas and oil pipelines, this book illustrates the importance of economics in explaining the evolution of pipeline politics in various countries. It demonstrates that institutional differences influence ownership and regulation, while rents and consumer pricing depend on the size and diversity of existing markets, the depth of regulatory institutions, and the historical structure of the pipeline businesses themselves. The history of pipelines is also rife with social conflict, and Makholm explains how and when institutions in a variety of countries have controlled pipeline behavior—either through economic regulation or government ownership—in the public interest.
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Varieties of Capitalism

The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage

Author: Peter A. Hall,David Soskice

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191530104

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 556

View: 7134

What are the most fundamental differences among the political economies of the developed world? How do national institutional differences condition economic performance, public policy, and social well-being? Will they survive the pressures for convergence generated by globalization and technological change? These have long been central questions in comparative political economy. This book provides a new and coherent set of answers to them. Building on the new economics of organization, the authors develop an important new theory about which differences among national political economies are most significant for economic policy and performance. Drawing on a distinction between 'liberal' and 'coordinated' market economies, they argue that there is more than one path to economic success. Nations need not converge to a single Anglo-American model. They develop a new theory of 'comparative institutionaladvantage' that transforms our understanding of international trade, offers new explanations for the response of firms and nations to the challenges of globalization, and provides a new theory of national interest to explain the conduct of nations in international relations. The analysis brings the firm back into the centre of comparative political economy. It provides new perspectives on economic and social policy-making that illuminate the role of business in the development of the welfare state and the dilemmas facing those who make economic policy in the contemporary world. Emphasizing the 'institutional complementarities' that link labour relations, corporate finance, and national legal systems, the authors bring interdisciplinary perspectives to bear on issues of strategic management, economic performance, and institutional change. This pathbreaking work sets new agendas in the study of comparative political economy. As such, it will be of value to academics and graduate students in economics, business, and political science, as well as to many others with interests in international relations, social policy-making, and the law.
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The Comparative Political Economy of Industrial Relations

Author: Kirsten S. Wever,Lowell Turner

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780913447642

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 8714

The distinguished contributors to this volume discuss the global marketplace; labor movements and industrial restructuring; international trends in work organization in the auto industry; linkages between economic development strategies, industrial relations policy and other related topics.
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Political Economy of Adult Learning Systems

Comparative Study of Strategies, Policies and Constraints

Author: Richard Desjardins

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474273661

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 8163

Based on comparative adult education statistics offered by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) and country case studies, this book analyses the policies and structures that foster adult learning. It examines a variety of forms of adult learning, ranging from initial forms of post-compulsory education, such as upper secondary tracks and tertiary education, to firm training, compensatory adult education and learning for civic and leisure oriented purposes. Throughout the book, adult learning systems are directly linked to a variety of structural and public policy frameworks using a comparative welfare state approach. Themes such as pathways to learning and transition systems, participation patterns in higher education and participation patterns in other organized forms of adult learning are covered. The countries discussed are the UK, the USA, Korea, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Germany and the Netherlands. Situated at the intersection between scholarship and policy and using a mixed-methods approach, this title contributes fundamental insights into the further study of policies and structures related to alternative post-compulsory learning pathways.
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Comparative Political Economy

Author: Georg Menz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199579989

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 606

This new and comprehensive volume covering the subfield of comparative political economy provides a detailed overview over its intellectual roots, clarifies its contents, and introduces the readers to key debates while identifying new and exciting avenues for future research. Ideas, interests, and institutions have traditionally been the main focus points of this field, but the volume argues that culture provides an additional and often neglected area, providing the 'glue' that keeps national models of capitalism hanging together. The volume also develops pathways beyond the varieties of capitalism paradigm. Building on a thorough and rigorous review of comparative capitalisms and a synthesis of the research strands that have built the bedrock of this subfield, Comparative Political Economy explores the individual components of national models of capitalism and argues that these elements deserve closer scrutiny. Their permutations have been considerable over the past thirty years, and their study permits valuable insights both empirically and theoretically. The empirical coverage of the book includes chapters covering industrial relations, labour markets, systems of education and training, finance, welfare state, and debt. In the conclusion, research pathways forward are identified and the impact of energy security issues and environmental factors on the study of comparative capitalisms will be assessed.
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The Political Economy of Labour Market Institutions

Author: Gilles Saint-Paul

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198293321

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 9031

This book looks at why labour market institutions such as those evident in continental Europe - more specifically, employment protection, unemployment benefits, and relative wage rigidities - exist, what role they play in society, why they seem so persistent, where the pressure to reform them comes from, and whether reform can be politically viable or not. It studies the economic conditions under which we expect a given set of institutions to arise and remain stable, and provides theoretical guidelines about the gainers and losers from given institutions.
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Regime Shift

Comparative Dynamics of the Japanese Political Economy

Author: T. J. Pempel

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801485299

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 263

View: 814

The Liberal Democratic Party, which dominated postwar Japan, lost power in the early 1990s. During that same period, Japan's once stellar economy suffered stagnation and collapse. Now a well-known commentator on contemporary Japan traces the political dynamics of the country to determine the reasons for these changes and the extent to which its political and economic systems have been permanently altered.T. J. Pempel contrasts the political economy of Japan during two decades: the 1960s, when the nation experienced conservative political dominance and high growth, and the early 1990s, when the "bubble economy" collapsed and electoral politics changed. The different dynamics of the two periods indicate a regime shift in which the present political economy deviates profoundly from earlier forms. This shift has involved a transformation in socioeconomic alliances, political and economic institutions, and public policy profile, rendering Japanese politics far less predictable than in the past. Pempel weighs the Japanese case against comparative data from the United States, Great Britain, Sweden, and Italy to show how unusual Japan's political economy had been in the 1960s. Regime Shift suggests that Japan's present troubles are deeply rooted in the economy's earlier success. It is a much-anticipated work that offers an original framework for understanding the critical changes that have affected political and economic institutions in Japan.
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Knowledge and Economic Conduct

The Social Foundations of the Modern Economy

Author: Nico Stehr

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802078865

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 360

View: 4662

Changing economic circumstances ? namely, an end to the primacy of labour and property as determinants of prosperity ? have created a need for a new theoretical platform: one that transcends standard economic discourse.
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From the Ballot to the Blackboard

The Redistributive Political Economy of Education

Author: Ben W. Ansell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521190185

Category: Education

Page: 248

View: 5929

Provides the first comprehensive account of the political economy of education spending across the developed and developing world.
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