Towards a Comparative Political Economy of Unfree Labour

Case Studies and Debates

Author: Dr Tom Brass,Tom Brass

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131782735X

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 5980

Many works about agragarian change in the Third World assumes that unfree relations are to be eliminated in the course of capitalist development. This text argues that the incidence of bonded labour is greater than supposed, and that in certain situations rural employers prefer an unfree workforce.
Release

Comparative Political Economy of Work

Author: Marco Hauptmeier,Matt Vidal

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137322284

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 4866

The first entirely comparative book in the CPWE series, this interdisciplinary and accessible book is the first to link research on work and employment relations to broader political economy
Release

The Comparative Political Economy of Industrial Relations

Author: Kirsten S. Wever,Lowell Turner

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780913447642

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 5212

The distinguished contributors to this volume discuss the global marketplace; labor movements and industrial restructuring; international trends in work organization in the auto industry; linkages between economic development strategies, industrial relations policy and other related topics.
Release

Trimming the Sails

The Comparative Political Economy of Expansionary Fiscal Consolidations : a Hungarian Perspective

Author: Istv n Bencz‚s

Publisher: Central European University Press

ISBN: 9789639776012

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 257

View: 994

Fiscal consolidation has significant short-term costs which can dampen economic growth. This widely shared consensus in the literature on political economy has made fiscal adjustment highly unpopular among rational politicians. By critically analyzing the international literature and building on evidence from European countries, Benczes conducts a systematic analysis to find out whether it is possible to experience fiscal consolidation and economic growth at the same time, even in the short run.
Release

The Political Economy of Work Security and Flexibility

Italy in Comparative Perspective

Author: Fabio Berton,Matteo Richiardi,Stefano Sacchi

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847429076

Category: Political Science

Page: 190

View: 5007

This book casts light on the empirical relationship between labor market deregulation through non-standard contracts and the three main dimensions of worker security: employment, income and social security.
Release

The Comparative Political Economy of the Welfare State

Author: Thomas Janoski,Alexander M. Hicks

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521436021

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 395

View: 9324

Comparative research is exploding with alternative methodological and theoretical approaches. In this book, experts in each one of these methods provide a comprehensive explanation and application of time-series, pooled, event history and Boolean methods to substantive problems of the welfare state. Each section of the book focuses on a different method with a general introduction to the methods and then two papers using the method to deal with analysis concerning welfare state problems in a political economy perspective. Scholars concerned with methodology in this area cannot afford to overlook this book because it will help them keep up on proliferating methodologies. Graduate students in political science and sociology will find this book extremely useful in their careers.
Release

The Comparative Political Economy of Development

Africa and South Asia

Author: Barbara Harriss-White,Judith Heyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135171939

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 5060

This book illustrates the enduring relevance and vitality of the comparative political economy of development approach promoted among others by a group of social scientists in Oxford in the 1980s and 1990s. Contributors demonstrate the viability of this approach as researchers and academics become more convinced of the inadequacies of orthodox approaches to the understanding of development. Detailed case material obtained from comparative field research in Africa and South Asia informs analyses of exploitation in agriculture; the dynamics of rural poverty; seasonality; the non farm economy; class formation; labour and unfreedom; the gendering of the labour force; small scale production and contract farming; social networks in industrial clusters; stigma and discrimination in the rural and urban economy and its politics. Reasoned policy suggestions are made and an analysis of the comparative political economy of development approach is applied to the situation of Africa and South Asia. Aptly presenting the relation between theory and empirical material in a dynamic and interactive way, the book offers meaningful and powerful explanations of what is happening in the continent of Africa and the sub-continent of South Asia today. It will be of interest to researchers in the fields of development studies, rural sociology, political economy, policy and practice of development and Indian and African studies.
Release

Varieties of Capitalism

The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage

Author: Peter A. Hall,David Soskice

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191530104

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 556

View: 1740

What are the most fundamental differences among the political economies of the developed world? How do national institutional differences condition economic performance, public policy, and social well-being? Will they survive the pressures for convergence generated by globalization and technological change? These have long been central questions in comparative political economy. This book provides a new and coherent set of answers to them. Building on the new economics of organization, the authors develop an important new theory about which differences among national political economies are most significant for economic policy and performance. Drawing on a distinction between 'liberal' and 'coordinated' market economies, they argue that there is more than one path to economic success. Nations need not converge to a single Anglo-American model. They develop a new theory of 'comparative institutionaladvantage' that transforms our understanding of international trade, offers new explanations for the response of firms and nations to the challenges of globalization, and provides a new theory of national interest to explain the conduct of nations in international relations. The analysis brings the firm back into the centre of comparative political economy. It provides new perspectives on economic and social policy-making that illuminate the role of business in the development of the welfare state and the dilemmas facing those who make economic policy in the contemporary world. Emphasizing the 'institutional complementarities' that link labour relations, corporate finance, and national legal systems, the authors bring interdisciplinary perspectives to bear on issues of strategic management, economic performance, and institutional change. This pathbreaking work sets new agendas in the study of comparative political economy. As such, it will be of value to academics and graduate students in economics, business, and political science, as well as to many others with interests in international relations, social policy-making, and the law.
Release

The Oxford Handbook of Political Economy

Author: Barry R. Weingast,Donald A. Wittman

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199272228

Category: Political Science

Page: 1093

View: 8099

Over its lifetime, 'political economy' has had different meanings. This handbook views political economy as a synthesis of the various strands of social science, treating it as the methodology of economics applied to the analysis of political behaviour and institutions.
Release

Twice the Work of Free Labor

The Political Economy of Convict Labor in the New South

Author: Alex Lichtenstein

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859840863

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 2032

Twice the Work of Free Labor is both a study of penal labor in the southern United States, and a revisionist analysis of the political economy of the South after the Civil War.
Release

Political Economy

A Comparative Approach

Author: Barry Stewart Clark

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780275963705

Category: Political Science

Page: 359

View: 1183

An introduction to the method and history of political economy, with comparative studies of classical liberalism, radicalism, conservatism and modern liberalism. The role of government, inflation, unemployment, inequality, education, and gender, are analyzed from four economic ideologies.
Release

The Making of Global Capitalism

The Political Economy Of American Empire

Author: Sam Gindin,Leo Panitch

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1844679454

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 5776

The all-encompassing embrace of world capitalism at the beginning of the twenty-first century was generally attributed to the superiority of competitive markets. Globalization had appeared to be the natural outcome of this unstoppable process. But today, with global markets roiling and increasingly reliant on state intervention to stay afloat, it has become clear that markets and states aren’t straightforwardly opposing forces. In this groundbreaking work, Leo Panitch and Sam Gindin demonstrate the intimate relationship between modern capitalism and the American state, including its role as an “informal empire” promoting free trade and capital movements. Through a powerful historical survey, they show how the US has superintended the restructuring of other states in favor of competitive markets and coordinated the management of increasingly frequent financial crises. The Making of Global Capitalism, through its highly original analysis of the first great economic crisis of the twenty-first century, identifies the centrality of the social conflicts that occur within states rather than between them. These emerging fault lines hold out the possibility of new political movements transforming nation states and transcending global markets.
Release

The New Political Economy of United States-Caribbean Relations

The Apparel Industry and the Politics of NAFTA Parity

Author: Tony Heron

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351885049

Category: Political Science

Page: 166

View: 9666

This informative book brings a fresh perspective to the continuing debate about globalization and regionalization in the global political economy and the ways in which state policy, in both developed and developing countries, shapes the patterns of economic integration and competitiveness among participating countries and firms. Focusing on the United States and the Caribbean, the book traces the advent and subsequent growth of production sharing between outsourcing textile, apparel firms and assembly operations located in specially designated export processing zones. This case study allows a number of broad conclusions to be reached regarding the political economy of production sharing that will inform the work of those in the fields of international and comparative political economy, development studies and business and management.
Release

Theories Of Comparative Political Economy

Author: Ronald H Chilcote

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429975368

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 1977

Addressing the problem of searching for mainstream and alternative paradigms as a guide for comparative political enquiry, this work in particular introduces developments that have taken place over the last decade. These include the continuation of an ideological political science, methodological innovations such as rational choice and historical and post-behavioural approaches, new emphases on and links between political culture and participation, the recasting of modernization theory and the revitalization of class analysis, and a post-Keynesian political-economy point of view.
Release

The Oxford Handbook of Employment Relations

Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Geoffrey Wood,Richard Deeg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 760

View: 1575

There have been numerous accounts exploring the relationship between institutions and firm practices. However, much of this literature tends to be located into distinct theoretical-traditional 'silos', such as national business systems, social systems of production, regulation theory, or varieties of capitalism, with limited dialogue between different approaches to enhance understanding of institutional effects. Again, evaluations of the relationship between institutions and employment relations have tended to be of the broad-brushstroke nature, often founded on macro-data, and with only limited attention being accorded to internal diversity and details of actual practice. The Handbook aims to fill this gap by bringing together an assembly of comprehensive and high quality chapters to enable understanding of changes in employment relations since the early 1970s. Theoretically-based chapters attempt to link varieties of capitalism, business systems, and different modes of regulation to the specific practice of employment relations, and offer a truly comparative treatment of the subject, providing frameworks and empirical evidence for understanding trends in employment relations in different parts of the world. Most notably, the Handbook seeks to incorporate at a theoretical level regulationist accounts and recent work that link bounded internal systemic diversity with change, and, at an applied level, a greater emphasis on recent applied evidence, specifically dealing with the employment contract, its implementation, and related questions of work organization. It will be useful to academics and students of industrial relations, political economy, and management.
Release

Comparative Employment Relations in the Global Economy

Author: Carola Frege,John Kelly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135020949

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 468

View: 7402

"Employment Relations" is widely taught in business schools around the world. Increasingly however more emphasis is being placed on the comparative and international dimensions of the relations between employers and workers. It is becoming ever more important to comprehend today’s work and employment issues alongside a knowledge of the dynamics between global financial and product markets, global production chains, national and international employment actors and institutions and the ways in which these relationships play out in different national contexts. This textbook is the first to present a cross-section of country studies, including all four BRIC countries, Brazil, Russia, India and China alongside integrative thematic chapters covering all the important topics needed to excel in this field. The textbook also benefits from the editors' and contributors' experience as leading scholars in Employment Relations. The book is an ideal resource for students on advanced undergraduate and postgraduate comparative programmes across areas such as Employment Relations, Human Resource Management, Political Economy, Labour Politics, Industrial and Economic Sociology, Regulation and Social Policy.
Release

Political Economy of the United States

Author: Joel W. Johnson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135103460X

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 4394

How have the policies of recent administrations shaped today’s economy? To what extent has federal policy contributed to growth in income inequality? Why have the parties become so polarized and how has polarization influenced economic policy? This book provides an introduction to the contemporary political economy of the United States. It examines the politics of economic policymaking, the influence of federal policies and programs on the economy, and the co-evolution of politics and the economy over the past five decades. Along the way, it explains the causes and consequences of many contemporary phenomena, such as the government’s deficits and debt and the ideological polarization of the parties. The book is divided into two parts. The first half explains how America’s political economy "works." It explains what the federal government does, why it does what it does, and how its policies influence the economy. The second half explains "how we got here" with a review of major political and economic developments since the 1970s, all the way up to the early years of the Trump Administration. This weaving together of theory and history provides both the tools and the context so that readers can properly understand the nation’s current-day politics and policy debates.
Release