Communities of Practice

Learning, Meaning, and Identity

Author: Etienne Wenger

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521663632

Category: Psychology

Page: 318

View: 1162

Learning is becoming an urgent topic. Nations worry about the learning of their citizens, companies about the learning of their workers, schools about the learning of their students. But it is not always easy to think about how to foster learning in innovative ways. This book presents a framework for doing that, with a social theory of learning that is ground-breaking yet accessible, with profound implications not only for research, but also for all those who have to foster learning as part of their responsibilites at work, at home, at school.

Wissensmanagement durch Communities of Practice

Author: Katja Zboralski

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783835006959

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 302

View: 5235

Was sind Communities of Practice (CoPs) und was kennzeichnet CoPs in Unternehmen? Welche Faktoren beeinflussen die Interaktion zwischen den Mitgliedern einer Community? Worauf gründet sich das Potential von CoPs? Welche konkreten Auswirkungen können CoPs haben? Katja Zboralski zeigt, dass CoPs nützliche Instrumente des Wissensmanagements sind. Darüber hinaus verdeutlicht sie die Bedeutung einer aktiven Managementunterstützung sowie des Community-Brokers.

Cultivating Communities of Practice

A Guide to Managing Knowledge

Author: Etienne Wenger,Richard Arnold McDermott,William Snyder

Publisher: Harvard Business Press

ISBN: 9781578513307

Category: Philosophy

Page: 284

View: 2985

Today's marketplace is fueled by knowledge. Yet organizing systematically to leverage knowledge remains a challenge. Leading companies have discovered that technology is not enough, and that cultivating communities of practice is the keystone of an effective knowledge strategy. Communities of practice come together around common interests and expertise- whether they consist of first-line managers or customer service representatives, neurosurgeons or software programmers, city managers or home-improvement amateurs. They create, share, and apply knowledge within and across the boundaries of teams, business units, and even entire companies-providing a concrete path toward creating a true knowledge organization. InCultivating Communities of Practice, Etienne Wenger, Richard McDermott, and William M. Snyder argue that while communities form naturally, organizations need to become more proactive and systematic about developing and integrating them into their strategy. This book provides practical models and methods for stewarding these communities to reach their full potential-without squelching the inner drive that makes them so valuable. Through in-depth cases from firms such as DaimlerChrysler, McKinsey & Company, Shell, and the World Bank, the authors demonstrate how communities of practice can be leveraged to drive overall company strategy, generate new business opportunities, tie personal development to corporate goals, transfer best practices, and recruit and retain top talent. They define the unique features of these communities and outline principles for nurturing their essential elements. They provide guidelines to support communities of practice through their major stages of development, address the potential downsides of communities, and discuss the specific challenges of distributed communities. And they show how to recognize the value created by communities of practice and how to build a corporate knowledge strategy around them. Essential reading for any leader in today's knowledge economy, this is the definitive guide to developing communities of practice for the benefit-and long-term success-of organizations and the individuals who work in them. Etienne Wengeris a renowned expert and consultant on knowledge management and communities of practice in San Juan, California.Richard McDermottis a leading expert of organization and community development in Boulder, Colorado.William M. Snyderis a founding partner of Social Capital Group, in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Beyond Communities of Practice

Language Power and Social Context

Author: David Barton,Karin Tusting

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521544924

Category: Education

Page: 243

View: 2179

The concept of 'communities of practice' (Lave and Wenger 1991, Wenger 1998) has become an influential one in education, management, and social sciences in recent years. This book consists of a series of studies by linguists and educational researchers, examining and developing aspects of the concept which have remained relatively unexplored. Framings provided by theories of language-in-use, literacy practices, and discourse extend the concept, bringing to light issues around conflict, power, and the significance of the broader social context which have been overlooked. Chapters assess the relationship between communities of practice and other theories including literacy studies, critical language studies, the ethnography of communication, socio-cultural activity theory, and sociological theories of risk. Domains of empirical research reported include schools, police stations, adult basic education, higher education, and multilingual settings. The book highlights the need to incorporate thinking around language-in-use, power and conflict, and social context into communities of practice.

Communities of Practice

Critical Perspectives

Author: Jason Hughes,Nick Jewson,Lorna Unwin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136234624

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 9834

This benchmark text provides an accessible yet critical introduction to the theory and application of communities of practice and their use in a diverse range of managerial and professional contexts, from education to human resource development. This book charts the development of the idea of communities of practice and explores the key relationship between learning and identity among: newcomers and ‘old timers’ male and female workers the low skilled and the high skilled professionals and managers adults and adolescents. Drawing on international empirical studies and adopting a multi-disciplinary approach, this book is useful reading for all students, researchers, practitioners and policy makers with an interest in work, employment, labour markets, learning, training or education.

Communities of Practice

A Guide for Your Journey to Knowledge Management Best Practices

Author: Farida Hasanali,American Productivity & Quality Center

Publisher: Accent Press Ltd

ISBN: 9781928593485

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 75

View: 2937

As one of the titles in the American Productivity & Quality Center's Passport to Success series, Communities of Practice: A Guide For Your Journey to Knowledge Management Best Practices guides readers in their efforts to build, support, and sustain communities of practice (CoPs). Learn how to create communities that provide value to their members and to the organization, using insights from APQC's KM specialists. Supported by examples of best practices and tips from actual practitioners, this book details CoP cultivation, strategy, distinctions, support structures, funding models, measures, and development approaches. A short excerpt: Why are communities so important? The defining feature of communities is that they cross boundaries created by work flow, functions, geography, and time. In the modern, knowledge-based, global organization, communities create a channel for knowledge to flow across boundaries. Cap Gemini Ernst & Young communities are organized by region, service lines, and industry; DaimlerChrysler tech clubs share design know-how across platform teams: Ford's best-practice replication communities facilitate adoption of prove practices across plants; the World Bank's thematic groups share knowledge in pursuit of the eradication of poverty around the world; and Xerox service technicians share repair tips across their global Eureka network.

Communities of Practice in the History of English

Author: Joanna Kopaczyk,Andreas H. Jucker

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027271208

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 291

View: 3748

Languages change and they keep changing as a result of communicative interactions and practices in the context of communities of language users. The articles in this volume showcase a range of such communities and their practices as loci of language change in the history of English. The notion of communities of practice takes its starting point in the work of Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger and refers to groups of people defined both through their membership in a community and through their shared practices. Three types of communities are particularly highlighted: networks of letter writers; groups of scribes and printers; and other groups of professionals, in particular administrators and scientists. In these diverse contexts in England, Scotland, the United States and South Africa, language change is not seen as an abstract process but as a response to the communicative needs and practices of groups of people engaged in interaction.

Communities of Practice to Actively Manage Best Practices

Author: Stefano Borzillo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3835096095

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 267

View: 6633

Stefan Borzillo examines a large variety of CoPs by means of six success factors and identifies three basic types: innovating strategic, operational excellence, and social and productive space CoPs. He shows that innovating strategic CoPs are strongly sponsored by management, that operational excellence CoPs are used to multiply technical and operational practices throughout an organization, and that social and productive space CoPs owe their success to their members’ sense of security.

Social Learning Systems and Communities of Practice

Author: Chris Blackmore

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781849961332

Category: Computers

Page: 247

View: 5198

Social Learning Systems and Communities of Practice is a collection of classical and contemporary writing associated with learning and systemic change in contexts ranging from cities, to rural development to education to nursing to water management to public policy. It is likely to be of interest to anyone trying to understand how to think systemically and to act and interact effectively in situations experienced as complex, messy and changing. While mainly concerned with professional praxis, where theory and practice inform each other, there is much here that can apply at a personal level. This book offers conceptual tools and suggestions for new ways of being and acting in the world in relation to each other, that arise from both old and new understandings of communities, learning and systems. Starting with twentieth century insights into social learning, learning systems and appreciative systems from Donald Schön and Sir Geoffrey Vickers, the book goes on to consider the contemporary traditions of critical social learning systems and communities of practice, pioneered by Richard Bawden and Etienne Wenger and their colleagues. A synthesis of the ideas raised, written by the editor, concludes this reader. The theory and practice of social learning systems and communities of practice appear to have much to offer in influencing and managing systemic change for a better world.

Communities of Practice in Health and Social Care

Author: Andrée le May

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444309536

Category: Medical

Page: 144

View: 7745

Communities of Practice in Health and Social Care highlights howcommunities of practice (CoPs) can make service development andquality improvement in health and social care easier to initiateand more sustainable. Using a series of case studies from the UK and Australia the bookdemonstrates how the theory of CoPs is implemented in the deliveryof health and social care and highlights the associated potential,complexities, advantages and disadvantages. Communities of Practice in Health and Social Care equipspractitioners, managers, educators and practice mentors with theknowledge and skills to facilitate the development and maintenanceof Communities of Practice and highlights how the effects ofCommunities of Practice might be made explicit.

Das Konzept "Communities of Practice" - Wie die Einführung und Entwicklung von "Communities of Practice" im Unternehmen unterstützt werden kann

Author: Philipp Kratschmer

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640951409


Page: 30

View: 2633

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich BWL - Unternehmensfuhrung, Management, Organisation, Note: 2,0, Universitat Konstanz, 18 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Anmerkungen: Diese Hausarbeit vertieft das Konzept sogenannter 'Communities of Practice', stellt deren Bedeutung fur wissensorientierte Unternehmen heraus und untersucht, wie deren Entstehung und Entwicklung gefordert werden kann. Die Schwierigkeit, die informellen Strukturen einer CoP dem Management zuganglich zu machen, ohne die selbstorganisierenden Krafte zu behindern, wird erortert und Losungen werden vorgeschlagen. Im Mittelpunkt stehen dabei konkrete Gestaltungsempfehlungen fur den Manager., Abstract: Wissen gewinnt im 21. Jahrhundert immer weiter an Bedeutung und wird zu einem entscheidenden Wettbewerbsfaktor fur Unternehmen. Diese Hausarbeit vertieft das Konzept sogenannter Communities of Practice" (CoPs), stellt deren Bedeutung fur wissensorientierte Unternehmen heraus und untersucht, wie deren Entstehung und Entwicklung gefordert werden kann. Die Schwierigkeit, die informellen Strukturen einer CoP dem Management zuganglich zu machen, ohne die selbstorganisierenden Krafte zu behindern, wird erortert und Losungen werden vorgeschlagen. Im Mittelpunkt stehen dabei konkrete Gestaltungsempfehlungen fur den Manager, die auf die organisationalen Eigenheiten dieser Communities gerichtet sind.

Lernprozesse in Communities of Practice

Arten, Ziele und Ergebnisse

Author: Sandra Nikolov

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640482417


Page: 56

View: 7324

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich BWL - Unternehmensfuhrung, Management, Organisation, Note: 2,0, Freie Universitat Berlin (Institut fur Management), Veranstaltung: Wissenstransfer in und zwischen Organisationen, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: 1. Einleitung Mit der Erkenntnis, dass Wissen einen bedeutenden Faktor darstellt, der das Potential hat, als einzigartige, unnachahmbare Ressource nachhaltige Wettbewerbsvorteile in Unternehmen zu begrunden, kam dem Wissensmanagement in den letzten Jahren besondere Beachtung zu. Die Generierung neuen Wissens im Rahmen von Lernprozessen aber auch die Festigung bereits bestehenden Wissens ist aus diesem Grund gerade im Umfeld sich schnell veranderter Markte von ausserordentlicher Bedeutung. Dabei hat das zunehmende Bewusstsein vieler Unternehmen, dass sich der meist bedeutendste Teil von Lernprozessen verstarkt innerhalb der informellen Netzwerke ereignet, den Fokus der Betrachtungen auf so genannte Communities of Practice gelenkt. Ihre Bedeutung fur das Wissensmanagement liegt vor allem darin, dass es gerade diese Gemeinschaften sind, in welchen der Austausch impliziten Wissens aber auch ein bestimmter Grad an Lernen stattfindet und sie in der Lage sind Probleme zu losen und Innovationen auszulosen. Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es daher, diese meist nur unzureichend bestimm - und messbaren Lernprozesse in CoP zu untersuchen, sowie die ihnen zugrunde liegenden Ziele und daraus resultierenden Ergebnisse zu analysieren. 2. Definitionen und begriffliche Abgrenzung Zur Sicherung eines einheitlichen Verstandnisses und Abgrenzung eines begrifflichen Rahmens mussen zunachst zentrale Begriffe definiert und inhaltlich abgegrenzt werden. 2.1. Lernen und Lernprozesse Unter Lernen ist im Allgemeinen der bewusste aber auch unbewusste Erwerb neuer, sowie die Restrukturierung bzw. Veranderung bestehender Kenntnisse und Fahigkeiten zu verstehen. Als Resultat des Lernprozesses konnen sich dabei neue oder veranderte Reaktionsweise

Leveraging Communities of Practice for Strategic Advantage

Author: Hubert Saint-Onge,Debra Wallace

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136387781

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 5941

How can you build a successful community of practice that is integrally linked to your company's strategic vision? Learn from the first-hand experience of Hubert Saint-Onge, recognized by Fortune magazine as a leader in the field of knowledge capital, and co-author Debra Wallace, the people responsible for a recent project to establish a community of practice for independent agents at Clarica Life Insurance Company— voted one of the most admired knowledge enterprises in the world by practitioners and researchers. 'Leveraging Communities of Practice for Strategic Advantage' combines theory and practice to outline a model for developing successful communities of practice and proposes a direction for establishing communities of practice as an integral part of the organizational structure. Saint-Onge and Wallace relate what worked, what didn't, and why as they tell the story from inception through implementation to assessment. Whether you're developing communities of practice or want to learn how to leverage existing communities for strategic gain, this book provides you with everything you need to launch successful communities of practice in your organization.

Communities of Practice

An Alaskan Native Model for Language Teaching and Learning

Author: Patrick E. Marlow,Sabine Siekmann

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816530165

Category: Education

Page: 179

View: 2388

This book describes an innovative project in native-language instruction that has wide applicability in second-language classrooms. Although the project it describes was developed in Alaska, the program can serve as a model throughout the world.

Communities of Practice

Facilitating Social Learning in Higher Education

Author: Jacquie McDonald,Aileen Cater-Steel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811028796

Category: Education

Page: 622

View: 3038

In this book about communities of practice in the international, higher education sector, the authors articulate the theoretical foundations of communities of practice (CoPs), research into their application in higher education, leadership roles and how CoPs sustain and support professional learning. Research demonstrates that communities of practice build professional and personal links both within and across faculty, student services and administrative and support units. This book describes how community of practice members may be physically co-located and how social media can be used to connect members across geographically diverse locations. It positions higher education communities of practice within the broader community of practice and social learning literature, and articulates the importance of community of practice leadership roles, and the growing focus on the use of social media for community of practice implementation. The multiple perspectives provide higher education leaders, academic and professional staff with the means to establish, or reflect on existing CoPs, by sharing insights and critical reflections on their implementation strategies, practical guidelines and ideas on how community of practice’s theoretical underpinnings can be tailored to the higher education context.

Knowledge Networks

Innovation Through Communities of Practice

Author: Paul M. Hildreth,Chris Kimble

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591402018

Category: Computers

Page: 330

View: 4321

This book draws on the experience of people who have worked with CoPs and presents their combined wisdom in a form that is accessible to a wide audience. CoPs are examined from a practica view. The book also examines the benefits that CoPs can bring to an organization, provides a number of case studies, lessons learned and sets of guidelines. It also looks at virtual CoPs and to the future by asking 'what next?'

Communities of Practice: Art, Play, and Aesthetics in Early Childhood

Author: Christopher M. Schulte,Christine Marmé Thompson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319706446

Category: Education

Page: 236

View: 6484

Reflecting contemporary theory and research in early art education, this volume offers a comprehensive introduction to new ways of thinking about the place of art, play, and aesthetics in the lives and education of young children. Enlivened by narratives and illustrations, 16 authors offer perspectives on the lived experience of being a child and discovering the excitement of making meaning and form in the process of art, play, and aesthetic inquiry.