Cultivating Communities of Practice

A Guide to Managing Knowledge

Author: Etienne Wenger,Richard Arnold McDermott,William Snyder

Publisher: Harvard Business Press

ISBN: 9781578513307

Category: Philosophy

Page: 284

View: 779

Today's marketplace is fueled by knowledge. Yet organizing systematically to leverage knowledge remains a challenge. Leading companies have discovered that technology is not enough, and that cultivating communities of practice is the keystone of an effective knowledge strategy. Communities of practice come together around common interests and expertise- whether they consist of first-line managers or customer service representatives, neurosurgeons or software programmers, city managers or home-improvement amateurs. They create, share, and apply knowledge within and across the boundaries of teams, business units, and even entire companies-providing a concrete path toward creating a true knowledge organization. InCultivating Communities of Practice, Etienne Wenger, Richard McDermott, and William M. Snyder argue that while communities form naturally, organizations need to become more proactive and systematic about developing and integrating them into their strategy. This book provides practical models and methods for stewarding these communities to reach their full potential-without squelching the inner drive that makes them so valuable. Through in-depth cases from firms such as DaimlerChrysler, McKinsey & Company, Shell, and the World Bank, the authors demonstrate how communities of practice can be leveraged to drive overall company strategy, generate new business opportunities, tie personal development to corporate goals, transfer best practices, and recruit and retain top talent. They define the unique features of these communities and outline principles for nurturing their essential elements. They provide guidelines to support communities of practice through their major stages of development, address the potential downsides of communities, and discuss the specific challenges of distributed communities. And they show how to recognize the value created by communities of practice and how to build a corporate knowledge strategy around them. Essential reading for any leader in today's knowledge economy, this is the definitive guide to developing communities of practice for the benefit-and long-term success-of organizations and the individuals who work in them. Etienne Wengeris a renowned expert and consultant on knowledge management and communities of practice in San Juan, California.Richard McDermottis a leading expert of organization and community development in Boulder, Colorado.William M. Snyderis a founding partner of Social Capital Group, in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
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Communities of Practice

Learning, Meaning, and Identity

Author: Etienne Wenger

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521663632

Category: Psychology

Page: 318

View: 7910

Learning is becoming an urgent topic. Nations worry about the learning of their citizens, companies about the learning of their workers, schools about the learning of their students. But it is not always easy to think about how to foster learning in innovative ways. This book presents a framework for doing that, with a social theory of learning that is ground-breaking yet accessible, with profound implications not only for research, but also for all those who have to foster learning as part of their responsibilites at work, at home, at school.
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Beyond Communities of Practice

Language Power and Social Context

Author: David Barton,Karin Tusting

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521544924

Category: Education

Page: 243

View: 8199

The concept of 'communities of practice' (Lave and Wenger 1991, Wenger 1998) has become an influential one in education, management, and social sciences in recent years. This book consists of a series of studies by linguists and educational researchers, examining and developing aspects of the concept which have remained relatively unexplored. Framings provided by theories of language-in-use, literacy practices, and discourse extend the concept, bringing to light issues around conflict, power, and the significance of the broader social context which have been overlooked. Chapters assess the relationship between communities of practice and other theories including literacy studies, critical language studies, the ethnography of communication, socio-cultural activity theory, and sociological theories of risk. Domains of empirical research reported include schools, police stations, adult basic education, higher education, and multilingual settings. The book highlights the need to incorporate thinking around language-in-use, power and conflict, and social context into communities of practice.
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Communities of Practice

Critical Perspectives

Author: Jason Hughes,Nick Jewson,Lorna Unwin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136234624

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 2242

This benchmark text provides an accessible yet critical introduction to the theory and application of communities of practice and their use in a diverse range of managerial and professional contexts, from education to human resource development. This book charts the development of the idea of communities of practice and explores the key relationship between learning and identity among: newcomers and ‘old timers’ male and female workers the low skilled and the high skilled professionals and managers adults and adolescents. Drawing on international empirical studies and adopting a multi-disciplinary approach, this book is useful reading for all students, researchers, practitioners and policy makers with an interest in work, employment, labour markets, learning, training or education.
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Leveraging Communities of Practice for Strategic Advantage

Author: Hubert Saint-Onge,Debra Wallace

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136387781

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 979

How can you build a successful community of practice that is integrally linked to your company's strategic vision? Learn from the first-hand experience of Hubert Saint-Onge, recognized by Fortune magazine as a leader in the field of knowledge capital, and co-author Debra Wallace, the people responsible for a recent project to establish a community of practice for independent agents at Clarica Life Insurance Company— voted one of the most admired knowledge enterprises in the world by practitioners and researchers. 'Leveraging Communities of Practice for Strategic Advantage' combines theory and practice to outline a model for developing successful communities of practice and proposes a direction for establishing communities of practice as an integral part of the organizational structure. Saint-Onge and Wallace relate what worked, what didn't, and why as they tell the story from inception through implementation to assessment. Whether you're developing communities of practice or want to learn how to leverage existing communities for strategic gain, this book provides you with everything you need to launch successful communities of practice in your organization.
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Communities of Practice

Fostering Peer-to-Peer Learning and Informal Knowledge Sharing in the Work Place

Author: Noriko Hara

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354085424X

Category: Computers

Page: 138

View: 4750

1.1 Introduction Each year corporations spend millions of dollars training and educating their - ployees. On average, these corporations spend approximately one thousand dollars 1 per employee each year. As businesses struggle to stay on the cutting-edge and to keep their employees educated and up-to-speed with professional trends as well as ever-changing information needs, it is easy to see why corporations are investing more time and money than ever in their efforts to support their employees’ prof- sional development. During the Industrial Age, companies strove to control natural resources. The more resources they controlled, the greater their competitive edge in the mark- place. Senge (1993) refers to this kind of organization as resource-based. In the Information Age, companies must create, disseminate, and effectively use kno- edge within their organization in order to maintain their market share. Senge - scribes this kind of organization as knowledge-based. Given that knowledge-based organizations willcontinuetobeadrivingforcebehindtheeconomy, itisimperative that corporations support the knowledge and information needs of their workers.
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Social Learning Systems and Communities of Practice

Author: Chris Blackmore

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781849961332

Category: Computers

Page: 247

View: 1427

Social Learning Systems and Communities of Practice is a collection of classical and contemporary writing associated with learning and systemic change in contexts ranging from cities, to rural development to education to nursing to water management to public policy. It is likely to be of interest to anyone trying to understand how to think systemically and to act and interact effectively in situations experienced as complex, messy and changing. While mainly concerned with professional praxis, where theory and practice inform each other, there is much here that can apply at a personal level. This book offers conceptual tools and suggestions for new ways of being and acting in the world in relation to each other, that arise from both old and new understandings of communities, learning and systems. Starting with twentieth century insights into social learning, learning systems and appreciative systems from Donald Schön and Sir Geoffrey Vickers, the book goes on to consider the contemporary traditions of critical social learning systems and communities of practice, pioneered by Richard Bawden and Etienne Wenger and their colleagues. A synthesis of the ideas raised, written by the editor, concludes this reader. The theory and practice of social learning systems and communities of practice appear to have much to offer in influencing and managing systemic change for a better world.
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Knowledge Networks

Innovation Through Communities of Practice

Author: Paul M. Hildreth,Chris Kimble

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 159140200X

Category: Computers

Page: 330

View: 339

Knowledge Networks: Innovation Through Communities of Practice explores the inner workings of an organizational, internationally distributed Community of Practice. The book highlights the weaknesses of the 'traditional' KM approach of 'capture-codify-store' and asserts that communities of practice are recognized as groups where soft (knowledge that cannot be captured) knowledge is created and sustained. Readers will gain insight into a period the life of a distributed international community of practice by following the members as they work, meet, collaborate, interact and socialize.
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Communities of Practice in the History of English

Author: Joanna Kopaczyk,Andreas H. Jucker

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027271208

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 291

View: 6707

Languages change and they keep changing as a result of communicative interactions and practices in the context of communities of language users. The articles in this volume showcase a range of such communities and their practices as loci of language change in the history of English. The notion of communities of practice takes its starting point in the work of Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger and refers to groups of people defined both through their membership in a community and through their shared practices. Three types of communities are particularly highlighted: networks of letter writers; groups of scribes and printers; and other groups of professionals, in particular administrators and scientists. In these diverse contexts in England, Scotland, the United States and South Africa, language change is not seen as an abstract process but as a response to the communicative needs and practices of groups of people engaged in interaction.
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Implementing Communities of Practice in Higher Education

Dreamers and Schemers

Author: Jacquie McDonald,Aileen Cater-Steel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811028664

Category: Education

Page: 643

View: 2287

In this edited collection, the authors pick up the communities of practice (CoP) approach of sharing practice in their reflection on the experience of taking their CoP vision from a dream to reality. Their stories articulate the vision, the passion and the challenge of working within and/or changing existing institutional culture and practice. The book discusses strategies that worked and considers the lessons learnt to inspire future dreamers and schemers. The multiple perspectives provided in the case studies will assist higher education leaders, as well as academic and professional staff, in establishing or assessing CoPs. The book offers insights into implementation strategies, practical guidelines and ideas on how CoP theoretical underpinnings can be tailored to the higher education context.
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Communities of Practice Vol. 1

Creating Learning Environments for Educators

Author: Chris Kimble,Paul Hildreth

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 1607527359

Category: Education

Page: 461

View: 8056

The aim of this set of books is to combine the best of current academic research into the use of Communities of Practice in education with "hands on" practitioner experience in order to provide teachers and academics with a convenient source of guidance and an incentive to work with and develop in their own Communities of Practice. This set of books is divided into two volumes: volume 1 deals principally with the issues found in colocated Communities of Practice, while volume 2 deal principally with distributed Communities of Practice"
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Building Successful Communities of Practice

Author: Emily Webber

Publisher: Blurb

ISBN: 9780957491939

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 80

View: 1510

Connecting with other people, finding a sense of belonging and the need for support are natural human desires. Employees who don't feel supported at work don't stay around for long - or if they do, they quickly become unmotivated and unhappy. At a time when organisational structures are flattening and workforces are increasingly fluid, supporting and connecting people is more important than ever. This is where organisational communities of practice come in. Communities of practice have many valuable benefits. They include accelerating professional development; breaking down organisational silos; enabling knowledge sharing and management; building better practice; helping to hire and retain staff; and making people happier. In this book, Emily Webber shares her learning from personal experiences of building successful communities of practice within organisations. And along the way, she gives practical guidance on creating your own.
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Handbook of Research on Communities of Practice for Organizational Management and Networking: Methodologies for Competitive Advantage

Methodologies for Competitive Advantage

Author: Hernáez, Olga Rivera

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1605668036

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 540

View: 5221

"This book provides a sound understanding of the managerial implications of communities of practice as well as their opportunities and limits for knowledge management"--nota del editor.
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Communities of Practice

Facilitating Social Learning in Higher Education

Author: Jacquie McDonald,Aileen Cater-Steel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811028796

Category: Education

Page: 622

View: 9617

In this book about communities of practice in the international, higher education sector, the authors articulate the theoretical foundations of communities of practice (CoPs), research into their application in higher education, leadership roles and how CoPs sustain and support professional learning. Research demonstrates that communities of practice build professional and personal links both within and across faculty, student services and administrative and support units. This book describes how community of practice members may be physically co-located and how social media can be used to connect members across geographically diverse locations. It positions higher education communities of practice within the broader community of practice and social learning literature, and articulates the importance of community of practice leadership roles, and the growing focus on the use of social media for community of practice implementation. The multiple perspectives provide higher education leaders, academic and professional staff with the means to establish, or reflect on existing CoPs, by sharing insights and critical reflections on their implementation strategies, practical guidelines and ideas on how community of practice’s theoretical underpinnings can be tailored to the higher education context.
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Communities of Practice: Art, Play, and Aesthetics in Early Childhood

Author: Christopher M. Schulte,Christine Marmé Thompson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319706446

Category: Education

Page: 236

View: 3333

Reflecting contemporary theory and research in early art education, this volume offers a comprehensive introduction to new ways of thinking about the place of art, play, and aesthetics in the lives and education of young children. Enlivened by narratives and illustrations, 16 authors offer perspectives on the lived experience of being a child and discovering the excitement of making meaning and form in the process of art, play, and aesthetic inquiry.
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Communities of Practice

A Guide for Your Journey to Knowledge Management Best Practices

Author: Farida Hasanali,American Productivity & Quality Center

Publisher: Accent Press Ltd

ISBN: 9781928593485

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 75

View: 2060

As one of the titles in the American Productivity & Quality Center's Passport to Success series, Communities of Practice: A Guide For Your Journey to Knowledge Management Best Practices guides readers in their efforts to build, support, and sustain communities of practice (CoPs). Learn how to create communities that provide value to their members and to the organization, using insights from APQC's KM specialists. Supported by examples of best practices and tips from actual practitioners, this book details CoP cultivation, strategy, distinctions, support structures, funding models, measures, and development approaches. A short excerpt: Why are communities so important? The defining feature of communities is that they cross boundaries created by work flow, functions, geography, and time. In the modern, knowledge-based, global organization, communities create a channel for knowledge to flow across boundaries. Cap Gemini Ernst & Young communities are organized by region, service lines, and industry; DaimlerChrysler tech clubs share design know-how across platform teams: Ford's best-practice replication communities facilitate adoption of prove practices across plants; the World Bank's thematic groups share knowledge in pursuit of the eradication of poverty around the world; and Xerox service technicians share repair tips across their global Eureka network.
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Communities of Musical Practice

Author: Ailbhe Kenny

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317163451

Category: Music

Page: 156

View: 3504

Every day people come together to make music. Whether amateur or professional, young or old, jazz enthusiasts or rock stars, what is common to all of these musical groups is the potential to create communities of musical practice (CoMP). Such communities are created through practices: ways of engaging, rules, membership, roles, identities and learning that is both shared through collective musical endeavour and situated within certain sociocultural contexts. Ailbhe Kenny investigates CoMP as a rich model for community engagement, musical participation and transformation in music education. This book is the first to produce a valid and reliable in-depth study of music communities using a community of practice (CoP) framework - in this case focusing on the social process of musical learning. Employing case study research within Ireland, three illustrations from particular sociocultural, genre-specific, economic and geographical contexts are examined: an adult amateur jazz ensemble, a youth choir, and an online Irish traditional music web platform. Each case is analysed as a distinct community and phenomenon offering sharpened understandings of each sub-culture with specific findings presented for each community.
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Learning in Landscapes of Practice

Boundaries, identity, and knowledgeability in practice-based learning

Author: Etienne Wenger-Trayner,Mark Fenton-O'Creevy,Steven Hutchinson,Chris Kubiak,Beverly Wenger-Trayner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317692527

Category: Education

Page: 182

View: 825

If the body of knowledge of a profession is a living landscape of practice, then our personal experience of learning can be thought of as a journey through this landscape. Within Learning in Landscapes of Practice, this metaphor is further developed in order to start an important conversation about the nature of practice knowledge, identity and the experience of practitioners and their learning. In doing so, this book is a pioneering and timely exploration of the future of professional development and higher education. The book combines a strong theoretical perspective grounded in social learning theories with stories from a broad range of contributors who occupy different locations in their own landscapes of practice. These narratives locate the book within different contemporary concerns such as social media, multi-agency, multi-disciplinary and multi-national partnerships, and the integration of academic study and workplace practice. Both scholarly, in the sense that it builds on prior research to extend and locate the concept of landscapes of practice, and practical because of the way in which it draws on multiple voices from different landscapes. Learning in Landscapes of Practice will be of particular relevance to people concerned with the design of professional or vocational learning. It will also be a valuable resource for students engaged in higher education courses with work-based elements.
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Pathways into Information Literacy and Communities of Practice

Teaching Approaches and Case Studies

Author: Dora Sales,Maria Pinto

Publisher: Chandos Publishing

ISBN: 0081006802

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 294

View: 1069

Pathways into Information Literacy and Communities of Practice: Teaching Approaches and Case Studies considers the specific information literacy needs of communities of practice. As such, the book fills a gap in the literature, which has treated information literacy extensively, but has not applied it to the area of communities of practice. Since every community of practice generates, seeks, retrieves, and uses resources and sources related to the cognitive structure being researched or studied, and the tasks being performed, the need arises to undertake studies focused on real user communities, especially at a graduate level. This edited collection presents contributions from an international perspective on this key topic in library and information science. Contributions are arranged into two sections, the first exploring teaching and learning processes, and the second presenting case studies in communities of practice, including, but not limited to, health, research environments, college students, and higher education. Focuses on communities of practice, including health, research, and higher education and their distinct information needs Includes chapters from an international and experienced set of contributors Presents an interdisciplinary perspective on the topic
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