Communities of Practice in the History of English

Author: Joanna Kopaczyk,Andreas H. Jucker

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027271208

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 291

View: 9763

Languages change and they keep changing as a result of communicative interactions and practices in the context of communities of language users. The articles in this volume showcase a range of such communities and their practices as loci of language change in the history of English. The notion of communities of practice takes its starting point in the work of Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger and refers to groups of people defined both through their membership in a community and through their shared practices. Three types of communities are particularly highlighted: networks of letter writers; groups of scribes and printers; and other groups of professionals, in particular administrators and scientists. In these diverse contexts in England, Scotland, the United States and South Africa, language change is not seen as an abstract process but as a response to the communicative needs and practices of groups of people engaged in interaction.
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Current Trends in Historical Sociolinguistics

Author: Cinzia Russi

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 311048840X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 280

View: 7467

Historical sociolinguistics has now established itself as a separate independent field of linguistic inquiry, and the impact of its theoretical and empirical advances are reflected in a thriving body of publications of various types. This volume adds to this flourishing array by presenting nine original studies by highly accomplished scholars holding a prominent reputation in the field. The overarching objective of the volume is to call attention to contemporary trends and innovative developments in the discipline and, more generally, to highlight current research on the relationship between sociolinguistics and historical linguistics, social motivations of language variation and change, and corpus-based studies. The overall interdisciplinary nature of the contributions, the variety of languages they examine and the range of themes they address are distinguishing features of the book, which also make it appealing to a wider readership. The general themes covered by the volume include how to define the historical and social dimensions in historical sociolinguistics research, historical second-language use and multilingualism, the role and relevance played by linguistic ideologies and attitudes in language choices, usage, policy (standardization and preservation), and language death. More specific topics addressed are the linguistic strategies employed to convey and defend religious ideology or to heighten the overall persuasiveness of the information provided. Controversial and/or under-researched issues are tackled, such as authorship and gender in the study of private documents, the regularization and standardization of English orthography, and the issue of speakers' awareness of the dissociation between spoken and written language. In addition, several contributions are methodologically linked by employing data from epistolary correspondence.
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Merchants of Innovation

The Languages of Traders

Author: Esther-Miriam Wagner,Bettina Beinhoff,Ben Outhwaite

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 1501503545

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 283

View: 9225

Traders around the world use particular spoken argots, to guard commercial secrets or to cement their identity as members of a certain group. The written registers of traders, too, in correspondence and other commercial texts show significant differences from the language used in official, legal or private writing. This volume suggests a clear cross-linguistic tendency that mercantile writing displays a greater degree of language mixing, code-switching and linguistic innovations, and, by setting precedents, promote language change. This interdisciplinary volume aims to place the traders' languages within a wider sociolinguistic context. Questions addressed include: What differences can be observed between mercantile registers and those of court or legal scribes? Do the traders' texts show the early emergence of features that take longer to permeate into the 'higher' varieties of the same language? Do they anticipate language change in the standard register or influence it by setting linguistic precedents? What sets traders' letters apart from private correspondence and other 'low' registers? The book will also examine bilingualism, semi-bilingualism, reasons for code-switching and the choice of particular languages over others in commercial correspondence.
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Communities of Practice and English as a Lingua Franca

A Study of Students in a Central European Context

Author: Karolina Kalocsai

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110295512

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 262

View: 6743

This is a timely book on one of the most widely debated issues in applied linguistics: what is the social and cultural significance of English as a lingua franca for the internationally mobile students of the 21st century in Central Europe? Through an in-depth analysis of social practices, the book develops an exciting, innovative multilingual approach to out-of-class language use and language learning that engages students in the co-construction of identities. Apart from scholars, the book will appeal to policy makers and educators who are concerned with the internationalization of universities in Central Europe.
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The Oxford Handbook of the History of English

Author: Terttu Nevalainen,Elizabeth Closs Traugott

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199996385

Category: History

Page: 984

View: 2116

The availability of large electronic corpora has caused major shifts in linguistic research, including the ability to analyze much more data than ever before, and to perform micro-analyses of linguistic structures across languages. This has historical linguists to rethink many standard assumptions about language history, and methods and approaches that are relevant to the study of it. The field is now interested in, and attracts, specialists whose fields range from statistical modeling to acoustic phonetics. These changes have even transformed linguists' perceptions of the very processes of language change, particularly in English, the most studied language in historical linguistics due to the size of available data and its status as a global language. The Oxford Handbook of the History of English takes stock of recent advances in the study of the history of English, broadening and deepening the understanding of the field. It seeks to suggest ways to rethink the relationship of English's past with its present, and make transparent the variety of conditions and processes that have been instrumental in shaping that history. Setting a new standard of cross-theoretical collaboration, it covers the field in an innovative way, providing diachronic accounts of major influences such as language contact, and typological processes that have shaped English and its varieties, as well as highlighting recent and ongoing developments of Englishes--celebrating the vitality of language change over the centuries and the many contexts and processes through which language change occurs.
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Communities of Practice

An Alaskan Native Model for Language Teaching and Learning

Author: Patrick E. Marlow,Sabine Siekmann

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816530165

Category: Education

Page: 179

View: 348

This book describes an innovative project in native-language instruction that has wide applicability in second-language classrooms. Although the project it describes was developed in Alaska, the program can serve as a model throughout the world.
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The History of English and the Dynamics of Power

Proceedings of the 8th Italian Conference on the History of the English Language

Author: Ermanno Barisone,Maria Luisa Maggioni,Paola Tornaghi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 337

View: 6635

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A Dictionary of Varieties of English

Author: Raymond Hickey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111858404X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 456

View: 9606

A Dictionary of Varieties of English presents acomprehensive listing of the distinctive dialects and forms ofEnglish spoken throughout the contemporary world. Provides an invaluable introduction and guide to currentresearch trends in the field Includes definitions both for the varieties of Englishand regions they feature, and for terms and conceptsderived from a linguistic analysis of these varieties Explores important research issues including the transportationof dialects of English, the rise of ‘New Englishes’,sociolinguistic investigations of various English-speaking locales,and the study of language contact and change. Reflects our increased awareness of global forms of English,and the advances made in the study of varieties of the language inrecent decades Creates an invaluable, informative resource for students andscholars alike, spanning the rich and diverse linguistic varietiesof the most widely accepted language of internationalcommunication
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International Handbook of English Language Teaching

Author: Jim Cummins,Chris Davison

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387463011

Category: Education

Page: 1201

View: 6016

This two volume handbook provides a comprehensive examination of policy, practice, research and theory related to English Language Teaching in international contexts. More than 70 chapters highlight the research foundation for best practices, frameworks for policy decisions, and areas of consensus and controversy in second language acquisition and pedagogy. The Handbook provides a unique resource for policy makers, educational administrators, and researchers concerned with meeting the increasing demand for effective English language teaching. It offers a strongly socio-cultural view of language learning and teaching. It is comprehensive and global in perspective with a range of fresh new voices in English language teaching research.
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The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics

Author: Juan Manuel Hernández-Campoy,Juan Camilo Conde-Silvestre

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111825726X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 704

View: 4648

Written by an international team of leading scholars, this groundbreaking reference work explores the nature of language change and diffusion, and paves the way for future research in this rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field. Features 35 newly-written essays from internationally acclaimed experts that reflect the growth and vitality of the burgeoning area of historical sociolinguistics Examines how sociolinguistic theoretical models, methods, findings, and expertise can be used to reconstruct a language's past in order to explain linguistic changes and developments Bridges the gap between the past and the present in linguistic studies Structured thematically into sections exploring: origins and theoretical assumptions; methods for the sociolinguistic study of the history of languages; linguistic and extra-linguistic variables; historical dialectology, language contact and diffusion; and attitudes to language
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The History of British Women's Writing, 1610-1690

Volume Three

Author: M. Suzuki

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230305504

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 339

View: 4003

During the seventeenth century, in response to political and social upheavals such as the English Civil Wars, women produced writings in both manuscript and print. This volume represents recent scholarship that has uncovered new texts as well as introduced new paradigms to further our understanding of women's literary history during this period.
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Religious Education Research through a Community of Practice. Action Research and the Interpretive Approach

Author: Julia Ipgrave,Robert Jackson,Kevin O’Grady

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 9783830971580

Category: Education

Page: 241

View: 4184

This book brings together a group of teachers and teacher educators who have researched their own students’ learning in schools and universities as part of the EC funded REDCo Project. Combining the methods of action and practitioner research with the key concepts of Robert Jackson’s interpretive approach, the book illustrates the collaborative research of a group of professionals working together as a community of practice. • Part one sets out the key ideas of the interpretive approach and action research. • Part two reports case studies from individual researchers’ projects carried out in diverse though related settings: different schools, teacher education and local authority teacher training. • Part three traces the ideas of the ‘interpretive approach’, ‘action research’ and ‘community of practice’ across the individual studies. • Part four connects the research with wider themes and findings from the European Commission REDCo Project on religion, education, dialogue and conflict. The book is highly relevant to the work of teachers and teacher trainers in the field of religions and education, to researchers in this field, and to all interested in action research, practitioner research and communities of practice.
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Language Teacher Education in a Multilingual Context

Experiences from Hong Kong

Author: John Trent,Xuesong Gao,Mingyue Gu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400773927

Category: Education

Page: 196

View: 1301

This book provides a multifaceted, multilayered examination of the processes and challenges language teachers face in constructing their professional identities in multilingual contexts such as Hong Kong. It focuses on how professional and personal identities are enacted as individuals cross geographic, educational, and socio-cultural boundaries to become English language teachers in Hong Kong. It explores the construction of language teachers’ professional identities from multiple perspectives in multiple settings, including pre-service and in-service teachers from Hong Kong, Mainland China, and Western countries. Understanding the difficulties and challenges these language teachers face in their identity and professional development is of relevance to teachers and teacher educators, as well as those interested in becoming language teachers in multilingual contexts.
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The History of Lynn

Author: Alonzo Lewis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Lynn (Mass.)

Page: 260

View: 5582

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Professional Communities and the Work of High School Teaching

Author: Milbrey W. McLaughlin,Joan E. Talbert

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226500706

Category: Education

Page: 217

View: 5820

American high schools have never been under more pressure to reform: student populations are more diverse than ever, resources are limited, and teachers are expected to teach to high standards for all students. While many reformers look for change at the state or district level, the authors here argue that the most local contexts—schools, departments, and communities—matter the most to how well teachers perform in the classroom and how satisfied they are professionally. Their findings—based on one of the most extensive research projects ever done on secondary teaching—show that departmental cultures play a crucial role in classroom settings and expectations. In the same school, for example, social studies teachers described their students as "apathetic and unwilling to work," while English teachers described the same students as "bright, interesting, and energetic." With wide-ranging implications for educational practice and policy, this unprecedented look into teacher communities is essential reading for educators, administrators, and all those concerned with U. S. High Schools.
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