Beyond the EU Reform Treaty and the White Paper
Author: Roger Blanpain,Michele Colucci (Ph. D.),Frank Hendrickx
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
Sport is life, fun, passion but also business. It is not easy to draw a bright line between sport as an economic activity and sport as a crucial cultural element of society. In Europe, the stakes are prodigious from either perspective. On the one hand, sport represents 4% of the GDP of the European Union; on the other, there are in the EU more than 800,000 sport clubs with more than 70 million members. In numerous ways, the former depends on the latter, giving rise to a plethora of subtle tensions. For decades the EU institutions have struggled with the legal issues that arise from these tensions, and the debate has come to be encapsulated in the complex concepts of the 'sport exception' and the 'specificity of sport.' Now, the pending Reform Treaty, if ratified, will finally provide a legal basis for a Community action in the field of sport. This new collection of essays presents nine well-informed and insightful analyses of the 'specificity' debate from several distinct points of view. The book reprints the papers presented by outstanding academics as well as representatives of the sport world at a conference on the 'Future of Sport in the European Union' held at the Catholic University of Brussels in December 2007. The authors examine the legal and political issues related to the latest developments at the EU level, and their impact on the sport organisations, in order to better understand the future of sport and to answer the questions which will inevitably arise from the new situation. Among the topics arising in the course of the presentations are the following: pure 'sporting interest' vs. 'economic activities' within the overall meaning of Article 2 EC; whether the EU legal order in fact applies to sport activities; application of EC law to rules governing the composition of national sports teams, especially as defined in Bosman and Meca Medina cases; relation of sport to freedom of association and the principle of subsidiarity; initiatives to share use of financial gains from television rights; role of bylaws and other regulations of federations at every level; responsibility of sport organisations vis-à-vis the rules of public order; freedom of labour and free movement of workers as applied to sportsmen and sportswomen; the right to privacy, image included; the 'European sport model' protection of young sportsmen and sportswomen from commercial pressures; and economic and social role of volunteering activities in sport. As an analysis of the future directions of EU sport law, this book provides an in-depth assessment of the impact of current policy changes. At a time when a new European treaty is being drafted, and when new questions on sport are being referred to the European Court of Justice, these cogent analyses of European law applicable to professional sport will be of great value to professionals concerned with sport in any of its guises.