Comedy and Social Science

Towards a Methodology of Funny

Author: Cate Watson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317551877

Category: Social Science

Page: 198

View: 3443

While there have been many sociological and psychological studies of humor, few can claim to be funny. Humor may be regarded as a legitimate topic for social scientists, but in general, they present their research rather seriously. In academia, humor tends to be trivialized and dismissed. This is more than just a missed opportunity for otherwise fun-loving academics. In literature, it is readily accepted that comedy is integral to the human condition. To ignore humor is to reject a potentially insightful methodological approach, as the humorous worldview presents unique opportunities for investigating the social. This book constitutes a unique resource, presenting chapters on irony, satire and parody as tools for analysis and means of representation, as well as considering humor in the conduct of research, and offering guidance on getting published. Through presenting examples from across the social sciences, the book seeks to persuade and inspire rather than to prescribe an approach – a closure which would (ironically) be inimical to the multiplicity and ambiguity which characterizes humorous research and lends it its distinctive edge.
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Comedy and Distinction

The Cultural Currency of a ‘Good’ Sense of Humour

Author: Sam Friedman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135009015

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 3817

This book was shortlisted for the 2015 BSA Philip Abrams Memorial Prize. Comedy is currently enjoying unprecedented growth within the British culture industries. Defying the recent economic downturn, it has exploded into a booming billion-pound industry both on TV and on the live circuit. Despite this, academia has either ignored comedy or focused solely on analysing comedians or comic texts. This scholarship tends to assume that through analysing an artist’s intentions or techniques, we can somehow understand what is and what isn’t funny. But this poses a fundamental question – funny to whom? How can we definitively discern how audiences react to comedy? Comedy and Distinction shifts the focus to provide the first ever empirical examination of British comedy taste. Drawing on a large-scale survey and in-depth interviews carried out at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe, the book explores what types of comedy people like (and dislike), what their preferences reveal about their sense of humour, how comedy taste lubricates everyday interaction, and how issues of social class, gender, ethnicity and geographical location interact with patterns of comic taste. Friedman asks: Are some types of comedy valued higher than others in British society? Does more ‘legitimate’ comedy taste act as a tangible resource in social life – a form of cultural capital? What role does humour play in policing class boundaries in contemporary Britain? This book will be of interest to students and scholars of sociology, social class, social theory, cultural studies and comedy studies.
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Comedy and the Politics of Representation

Mocking the Weak

Author: Helen Davies,Sarah Ilott

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319905066

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 8854

This edited collection explores the representations of identity in comedy and interrogates the ways in which “humorous” constructions of gender, sexuality, ethnicity, religion, class and disability raise serious issues about privilege, agency and oppression in popular culture. Should there be limits to free speech when humour is aimed at marginalised social groups? What are the limits of free speech when comedy pokes fun at those who hold social power? Can taboo joking be used towards politically progressive ends? Can stereotypes be mocked through their re-invocation? Comedy and the Politics of Representation: Mocking the Weak breaks new theoretical ground by demonstrating how the way people are represented mediates the triadic relationship set up in comedy between teller, audience and butt of the joke. By bringing together a selection of essays from international scholars, this study unpacks and examines the dynamic role that humour plays in making and remaking identity and power relations in culture and society.
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Because I Tell a Joke or Two

Comedy, Politics and Social Difference

Author: Stephen Wagg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134794339

Category: Art

Page: 336

View: 8688

Because I Tell a Joke or Two explores the complex relationship between comedy and the social differences of class, region, age, gender, sexuality, ethnicity and nationhood. It shows how comedy has been used to sustain, challenge and to change power relationships in society. The contributors, who include Stephen Wagg, Mark Simpson, Stephen Small, Paul Wells and Frances Williams, offer readings of comedy genres, texts and performers in Britain, the United States and Australia. The collection also includes an interview with the comedian Jo Brand. Topics addressed include: * women in British comedies such as Butterflies and Fawlty Towers * the life and times of Viz, from Billy the Fish to the Fat Slags * queer readings of Morecambe and Wise, the male double act * the Marx brothers and Jewish comedy in the United States * black radical comedy in Britain * The Golden Girls, Cheers, Friends and American society.
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Comic Effects

Interdisciplinary Approaches to Humor in Literature

Author: Paul Lewis

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791400234

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 179

View: 4292

Lewis draws on both humor theories and research, arguing for the development of interdisciplinary methodologies in the study of literary humor. He demonstrates that the sociologist of humor and the comic playwright approach the same subject—humor in and between groups—with different tools, that writers of Bildungsromane and developmental psychologists share a common interest in the role of humor in maturation, and that the monsters that haunt the psyches of professional comedians can be useful in understanding the odd minglings of humor and fear in Gothic fiction. His treatment of writers who differ widely in their use of humor suggests that the complexity and diversity of humor make it a richly variable determinant of character, genre, and writer.
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Encyclopedia of Catholic Social Thought, Social Science, and Social Policy

Supplement

Author: Michael L. Coulter,Richard S. Myers,Joseph A. Varacalli

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 0810882752

Category: Religion

Page: 426

View: 3485

This third, supplemental volume continues the approach of the original two volumes of the Encyclopedia of Catholic Social Thought, Social Science, and Social Policy that were published in 2007. First, the volume includes entries that explore Catholic social thought at its broadest, most theoretical level. Second, the volume includes entries that discuss recent social science research that bears on issues important to Catholic social thought. Third, the volume includes entries discussing specific issues of social policy that have become increasingly important in recent years.
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Humour, Comedy and Laughter

Obscenities, Paradoxes, Insights and the Renewal of Life

Author: Lidia Dina Sciama

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782385436

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 8388

Anthropological writings on humor are not very numerous or extensive, but they do contain a great deal of insight into the diverse mental and social processes that underlie joking and laughter. On the basis of a wide range of ethnographic and textual materials, the chapters examine the cognitive, social, and moral aspects of humor and its potential to bring about a sense of amity and mutual understanding, even among different and possibly hostile people. Unfortunately, though, cartoons, jokes, and parodies can cause irremediable distress and offence. Nevertheless, contributors’ cross-cultural evidence confirms that the positive aspects of humor far outweigh the danger of deepening divisions and fueling hostilities
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Humor and Society

Explorations in the Sociology of Humor

Author: Marvin R. Koller

Publisher: Cap & Gown Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 9982

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Modern Romance

Auf der Suche nach Liebe im 21. Jahrhundert -

Author: Aziz Ansari

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641182638

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 352

View: 679

Der New-York-Times-Bestseller über die Liebe in Modernen Zeiten Noch nie zuvor hatten wir in der Liebe so viele Optionen – denn romantische Begegnungen sind in Zeiten von Online-Dating, Facebook, Tinder & Co. häufig nur einen Mausklick entfernt. Doch ist das für Singles ein Segen oder ein Fluch? Der weltbekannte amerikanische Schauspieler und Comedian Aziz Ansari begibt sich mit dem Soziologen Eric Klinenberg auf die lehrreiche und äußerst unterhaltsame Suche nach einer Antwort auf diese Frage.
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The Divine Comedy and the Encyclopedia of Arts and Sciences

Acta of the International Dante Symposium, 13-16 November 1983, Hunter College, New York

Author: Giuseppe C. Di Scipio,Aldo D. Scaglione

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027220409

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 385

View: 7565

The guiding principle of this volume is the concept of the artes liberales, the trivium and quadrivium, as branches of learning that are rooted in Dante Alighieri's mind. The present volume contains essays by leading international scholars on the various scientific and artistic disciplines which form the background, sources, and presence in Dante's opus.
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Comedy and the Public Sphere

The Rebirth of Theatre as Comedy and the Genealogy of the Modern Public Arena

Author: Árpád Szakolczai

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 041562391X

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 357

View: 5384

The book aims at reframing the discussion on the "public sphere," usually understood as the place where the public opinion is formed, through rational discussion. The aim of this book is to give an account of this rationality, and its serious shortcomings, examining the role of the media and the confusing of public roles and personal identity. It focuses in particular on the role of the theatrical and comical in the historical development of the public sphere, and in this manner reformulating definitions of common sense, personal identity, and culture.
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Saturday Night Live, Hollywood Comedy, and American Culture

From Chevy Chase to Tina Fey

Author: J. Whalley

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023010794X

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 234

View: 702

Saturday Night Live, Hollywood Comedy, and American Culture sheds new light on the ways in which Saturday Night Live s confrontational, boundary-pushing approach spilled over into film production, contributing to some of the biggest hits in Hollywood history, such as National Lampoon s Animal House, Ghostbusters, and Beverly Hills Cop. Jim Whalley also considers how SNL has adapted to meet the needs of subsequent generations, launching the film careers of Mike Myers, Adam Sandler, Will Ferrell and others in the process. Supported by extensive archival research, some of Hollywood s most popular comedians are placed into the contexts of film and television comic traditions and social and cultural trends in American life.
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Twain's Brand

Humor in Contemporary American Culture

Author: Judith Yaross Lee

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 162674453X

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 2680

Samuel L. Clemens lost the 1882 lawsuit declaring his exclusive right to use “Mark Twain” as a commercial trademark, but he succeeded in the marketplace, where synergy among his comic journalism, live performances, authorship, and entrepreneurship made “Mark Twain” the premier national and international brand of American humor in his day. And so it remains in ours, because Mark Twain’s humor not only expressed views of self and society well ahead of its time, but also anticipated ways in which humor and culture coalesce in today’s postindustrial information economy—the global trade in media, performances, and other forms of intellectual property that began after the Civil War. In Twain’s Brand: Humor in Contemporary American Culture, Judith Yaross Lee traces four hallmarks of Twain’s humor that are especially significant today. Mark Twain’s invention of a stage persona comically conflated with his biographical self lives on in contemporary performances by Garrison Keillor, Margaret Cho, Jerry Seinfeld, and Jon Stewart. The postcolonial critique of Britain that underlies America’s nationalist tall tale tradition not only self-destructs in A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court but also drives the critique of American Exceptionalism in Philip Roth’s literary satires. The semi-literate writing that gives Adventures of Huckleberry Finn its “vernacular vision”—wrapping cultural critique in ostensibly innocent transgressions and misunderstandings—has a counterpart in the apparently untutored drawing style and social critique seen in The Simpsons, Lynda Barry’s comics, and The Boondocks. And the humor business of recent decades depends on the same brand-name promotion, cross-media synergy, and copyright practices that Clemens pioneered and fought for a century ago. Twain’s Brand highlights the modern relationship among humor, commerce, and culture that were first exploited by Mark Twain.
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Comedy of Philosophy, The

Sense and Nonsense in Early Cinematic Slapstick

Author: Lisa Trahair

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791479323

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 276

View: 9580

Melds philosophical analysis with early cinematic history to develop a fresh theory of the notion of comedy.
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Jewish Comedy: A Serious History

Author: Jeremy Dauber

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393247880

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 7838

A rich account of Jewish humor: its nature, its development, and its vital role throughout Jewish history. In a major work of scholarship both erudite and very funny, Columbia professor Jeremy Dauber traces the origins of Jewish comedy and its development from biblical times to the age of Twitter. Organizing the product of Jews’ comic imagination over continents and centuries into what he calls the seven strands of Jewish comedy—including the satirical, the witty, and the vulgar—he traces the ways Jewish comedy has mirrored, and sometimes even shaped, the course of Jewish history. Persecution, cultural assimilation, religious revival, diaspora, Zionism—all of these, and more, were grist for the Jewish comic mill; and Dauber’s book takes readers on the tour of the funny side of some very serious business. (And vice versa.) In a work of dazzling scope, readers will encounter comic masterpieces here that range from Talmudic rabbi jokes to medieval skits, Yiddish satires and Borscht Belt routines to scenes from Seinfeld and Broad City, and the book of Esther to Adam Sandler’s “Hanukkah Song.” Dauber also explores the rise and fall of popular comic archetypes such as the Jewish mother, the Jewish American Princess, and the schlemiel, the schlimazel, and the schmuck, and the classic works of such masters of Jewish comedy as Sholem Aleichem, Isaac Babel, Franz Kafka, the Marx Brothers, Woody Allen, Joan Rivers, Philip Roth, Mel Brooks, Sarah Silverman, Jon Stewart, and Larry David, among many others. Jewish comedy, as Dauber writes, is serious business. And precisely what it is, how it developed, and how its various strands weave together and in conversation with the Jewish story: that’s Jewish Comedy.
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A Vulgar Art

A New Approach to Stand-Up Comedy

Author: Ian Brodie

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 162674405X

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 240

View: 9299

In A Vulgar Art Ian Brodie uses a folkloristic approach to stand-up comedy, engaging the discipline’s central method of studying interpersonal, artistic communication and performance. Because stand-up comedy is a rather broad category, people who study it often begin by relating it to something they recognize—“literature” or “theatre”; “editorial” or “morality”—and analyze it accordingly. A Vulgar Art begins with a more fundamental observation: someone is standing in front of a group of people, talking to them directly, and trying to make them laugh. So this book takes the moment of performance as its focus, that stand-up comedy is a collaborative act between the comedian and the audience. Although the form of talk on the stage resembles talk among friends and intimates in social settings, stand-up comedy remains a profession. As such, it requires performance outside of the comedian’s own community to gain larger and larger audiences. How do comedians recreate that atmosphere of intimacy in a roomful of strangers? This book regards everything from microphones to clothing and LPs to Twitter as strategies for bridging the spatial, temporal, and socio-cultural distances between the performer and the audience.
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Hysterical!

Women in American Comedy

Author: Linda Mizejewski,Victoria Sturtevant

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477314520

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 484

View: 3526

Amy Schumer, Samantha Bee, Mindy Kaling, Melissa McCarthy, Tig Notaro, Leslie Jones, and a host of hilarious peers are killing it nightly on American stages and screens large and small, smashing the tired stereotype that women aren't funny. But today's funny women aren't a new phenomenon—they have generations of hysterically funny foremothers. Fay Tincher's daredevil stunts, Mae West's linebacker walk, Lucille Ball's manic slapstick, Carol Burnett's athletic pratfalls, Ellen DeGeneres's tomboy pranks, Whoopi Goldberg's sly twinkle, and Tina Fey's acerbic wit all paved the way for contemporary unruly women, whose comedy upends the norms and ideals of women's bodies and behaviors. Hysterical! Women in American Comedy delivers a lively survey of women comics from the stars of the silent cinema up through the multimedia presences of Tina Fey and Lena Dunham. This anthology of original essays includes contributions by the field's leading authorities, introducing a new framework for women's comedy that analyzes the implications of hysterical laughter and hysterically funny performances. Expanding on previous studies of comedians such as Mae West, Moms Mabley, and Margaret Cho, and offering the first scholarly work on comedy pioneers Mabel Normand, Fay Tincher, and Carol Burnett, the contributors explore such topics as racial/ethnic/sexual identity, celebrity, stardom, censorship, auteurism, cuteness, and postfeminism across multiple media. Situated within the main currents of gender and queer studies, as well as American studies and feminist media scholarship, Hysterical! masterfully demonstrates that hysteria—women acting out and acting up—is a provocative, empowering model for women's comedy.
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Comedy in Serie

Medienwissenschaftliche Perspektiven auf ein TV-Format

Author: Karin Knop

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839405270

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 364

View: 2490

Enorme Publikumsresonanz und massive Kritik kennzeichnen den seit den 1990er Jahren festzustellenden Comedy-Boom im Fernsehen. Die Studie begegnet dem unterstellten niedrigen Niveau des Comedy-Angebots und den vermeintlichen Grenzüberschreitungen der Comedians mit einer umfassenden Programm- und Rezeptionsanalyse des bislang von der Forschung weitgehend unberücksichtigten Genres. Dominante Komikstrategien, Formen, Stile und Inhalte der seriellen Comedy-Sendungen werden dabei ebenso ermittelt wie die Komik-Präferenzen und Werturteile des Publikums. Im Zentrum stehen die beiden Erfolgsformate »Harald Schmidt Show« und »TV total«.
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