Clusivity

Typology and Case Studies of Inclusive-exclusive Distinction

Author: Elena Filimonova

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027229748

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 436

View: 3508

This book presents a collection of papers on clusivity, a newly coined term for the inclusive–exclusive distinction. Clusivity is a widespread feature familiar from descriptive grammars and frequently figuring in typological schemes and diachronic scenarios. However, no comprehensive exploration of it has been available so far. This book is intended to make the first step towards a better understanding of the inclusive–exclusive opposition, by documenting the current linguistic knowledge on the topic. The issues discussed include the categorial and paradigmatic status of the opposition, its geographical distribution, realization in free vs bound pronouns, inclusive imperatives, clusivity in the 2nd person, honorific uses of the distinction, etc. These case studies are complemented by the analysis of the opposition in American Sign Language as opposed to spoken languages. In-depth areal and family surveys of clusivity consider this opposition in Austronesian, Tibeto-Burman, central-western South American, Turkic languages, and in Mosetenan and Shuswap.
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Clusivity

A New Approach to Association and Dissociation in Political Discourse

Author: Anna Ewa Wieczorek

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443867217

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 250

View: 2438

Dealing with the concepts of inclusion and exclusion encoded linguistically, both implicitly and explicitly, this book develops an original framework for the analysis of these phenomena in political discourse. The approach taken situates political discourse in a broader context of social and psychological relations between groups and their members which influence the manner in which the speaker’s message is constructed and construed by individuals. The present study proposes a pragmatic-cognitive model which underlies and explains the discursive representation of belongingness and dissociation in terms of the conceptual location of various discourse entities in the Discourse Space (cf. Chilton 2005). The model in question is concerned with three mechanisms which, combined, form a fully-fledged apparatus for the analysis of the legitimising power of association and dissociation in political discourse through positive self and negative other presentation tactics. The study is a theoretical enterprise which, however, includes a comprehensive empirical part whose aim is to evaluate and confirm the theoretical assumptions made. The focus is essentially on the relationship between the speaker and the addressees and the speaker’s attempt to maintain it discursively. Thus, Clusivity: A New Approach to Association and Dissociation in Political Discourse will appeal to discourse analysts, pragmaticians, and cognitive analysts, as well as to political and social sciences analysts, social psychologists, journalists and speechwriters.
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Advances in Discourse Approaches

Author: Marta Dynel

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443808296

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 399

View: 4260

Taboo words, Quentin Tarantino’s films, humorous dialogues from “Sex and the City”, witty advertising slogans, the Bible, Barack Obama’s speeches, or legal discourse are only a few of the topics addressed in the volume. The study of discourse is a diversified and fast-developing field of language research, embracing methodological proposals, discourse analyses, comparative research, translation studies and teaching perspectives. Within each of the approaches, theoretical frameworks and postulates abound. The list of research topics is inexhaustible, especially that each year brings new real-life material subject to analysis and issues to elaborate. Each chapter is devoted to a different topic and deploys a separate theoretical framework. The diversity of research data, methodologies and theoretical viewpoints guarantees the volume’s being a representative sample of multifarious developments in discourse approaches. The book should thus be an interesting resource for enterprising researchers and students of linguistics.
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Pragmatic Perspectives on Language and Linguistics Volume II

Pragmatics of Semantically-Restricted Domains

Author: Iwona Witczak-Plisiecka

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443845655

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 405

View: 5654

Pragmatics of Semantically-Restricted Domains, the second volume of Pragmatic Perspectives on Language and Linguistics, edited by Iwona Witczak-Plisiecka, gathers papers which partly complement and develop the first volume, Speech Actions in Theory and Applied Studies (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010). Most of the texts collected in this book, representative of advanced independent research and that of an informed exercise in the application of a pragmatic framework, result from the Fourth Symposium on “New Developments in Linguistic Pragmatics,” organized at the University of Łódź, Poland, in May 2008. Accepting the inevitable failure of any attempt to pose a strict and clear-cut division between the research area of semantics and that of pragmatics, the volume focuses on pragmatics-oriented analyses of data which are best described as “semantically” limited. While Volume One concentrated on speech as a type of action, the present volume, without denying the inherently actional nature of language use, concentrates on limited contexts. Pragmatic phenomena in semantically-restricted domains are addressed from a variety of both theoretical and applied perspectives. The book is divided in three parts. Part One, “Pragmatics, Politics and Ideology,” gathers seven papers centered on issues pertaining to political linguistics. In Part Two, “The Pragmatics of Humour, Power and the Media,” there are eight papers which explore issues of politeness and modesty, pragmatic aspects of mediated and gendered discourse, or dynamicity of power relation in interaction. Part Three, “Focus on Textual Properties,” concentrates on text, excluding political discourse. It integrates discussions of equivalence and specialized translation, intertextual properties and pragmatically-motivated lexical choices in business communication, in law, and in science.
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The Use of Signing Space in a Shared Sign Language of Australia

Author: Anastasia Bauer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 1614518971

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 303

View: 8901

In this book, an Australian Aboriginal sign language used by Indigenous people in the North East Arnhem Land (Northern Territory) is described on the level of spatial grammar. Topics discussed range from properties of individual signs to structure of interrogative and negative sentences. The main interest is the manifestation of signing space - the articulatory space surrounding the signers - for grammatical purposes in Yolngu Sign Language.
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The Discursive Construction of Identities On- and Offline

Personal - group - collective

Author: Birte Bös,Sonja Kleinke,Sandra Mollin,Nuria Hernández

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9027264023

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 271

View: 3185

This volume explores linguistic identity construction across online and offline contexts. The contributors focus on ‘clusivity’ as an overarching aspect and offer a multifaceted operationalisation of the linguistic processes of identity construction. The studies address three major strands of human identity, each of which can be thought of as an aggregative abstraction with its own complexities: personal identity, group identity and collective identity. The contributions pay special attention to the interplay between the public and private dimensions of the interactions and audiences, as well as the potential impact of social and technical affordances of different communicative settings and online and offline modes of identity construction. The volume is aimed at all researchers concerned with the complex notion of identity, both in linguistics and in neighbouring disciplines.
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A Grammar of Eton

Author: Mark L. O. van de Velde

Publisher: Mouton De Gruyter

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 432

View: 9037

A Grammar of Eton is the first description of the Cameroonian Bantu language Eton. It is also one of the few complete descriptions of a North-western Bantu language. The complex tonology of Eton is carefully analysed and presented in a simple and consistent descriptive framework, which permits the reader to keep track of Eton's many tonal morphemes. Phonologists will be especially interested in the analysis of stem initial prominence, which manifests itself in a number of logically independent phenomena, including length of the onset consonant, phonotactic skewing and number of tonal attachment sites. Typologists and Africanists working on morphosyntax will find useful analyses of, among others, gender and agreement; tense, aspect, mood and negation; and verbal derivation. They will encounter many morphosyntactic differences between Eton and the better known Eastern and Southern Bantu languages, often due to evolutions shaped by maximality constraints on stems. The chapters on clause structure and complex constructions provide data hardly found in sources on the languages of the region, including descriptions of non-verbal clauses, focus, quasi-auxiliaries and adverbial clauses.
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H.R. 461, Closing of Lorton Correctional Complex

Hearings Before the Subcommittee on the District of Columbia of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session, on H.R. 461 ... March 17, and June 7, 1995

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Correctional institutions

Page: 173

View: 858

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Folia Linguistica

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Linguistics

Page: N.A

View: 358

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Types of Variation

Diachronic, dialectal and typological interfaces

Author: Terttu Nevalainen,Juhani Klemola,Mikko Laitinen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027293597

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 378

View: 3571

This volume interfaces three fields of linguistics rarely discussed in the same context. Its underlying theme is linguistic variation, and the ways in which historical linguists and dialectologists may learn from insights offered by typology, and vice versa. The aim of the contributions is to raise the awareness of these linguistic subdisciplines of each other and to encourage their cross-fertilization to their mutual benefit. If linguistic typology is to unify the study of all types of linguistic variation, this variation, both diatopic and diachronic, will enrich typological research itself. With the aim of capturing the relevant dimensions of variation, the studies in this volume make use of new methodologies, including electronic corpora and databases, which enable cross- and intralinguistic comparisons dialectally and across time. Based on original research and unified by an innovative theme, the volume will be of interest to both students and teachers of linguistics and Germanic languages.
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Gregarious Saints

Self and Community in American Abolitionism, 1830-1870

Author: Lawrence J. Friedman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521244293

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 3396

Professor Friedman studies the abolition movement through individuals and groups in the USA.
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Visions of Solidarity

U.S. Peace Activists in Nicaragua from War to Women's Activism and Globalization

Author: Clare Weber

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739117187

Category: Political Science

Page: 153

View: 9628

Visions of Solidarity is currently the only study of peace activist's transformation from an anti-war struggle to an anti-globalization struggle. It explores the power dynamics between citizen activists in the Global North and South, examining efforts at reframing issues of social justice over time, and highlighting transnational feminist politics and agency at the local level. This book focuses on the way that transnational activists strategies are negotiated across boundaries. Through a comparative ethnographic study of the U.S.-based Witness for Peace and the Wisconsin Coordination Council on Nicaragua, the author, Clare Weber, explores how the organizations came to have very different responses over time to the neoliberal development project imposed on Nicaragua by the United States. Weber skillfully links studies of transnational social movements, women's grassroot activism, and the Central America Peace movement in this unique book.
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Essays in the History of Linguistics

Author: E. F. K. Koerner

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027245940

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 271

View: 3979

The present volume follows the author's tradition of bringing together at certain intervals selections of articles which more often than not had previously been published in not easily accessible places, or which had not been published before. These papers do not typically represent mere reprints but in most instances thoroughly revised versions.This volume contains twelve articles organized under three headings, "Programmatic Papers in the History of Linguistics," "Studies in Linguistic Historiography," and "Sketches historiographical and (auto)biographical," plus as an appendix a complete list of Zellig Harris' writings as an illustration of Koerner's penchant for and belief in the importance of good bibliographies as a basis for historical research. While the first two sections, which take up the bulk of the volume, either show the author as an historian engage or demonstrate his work as a historiographer of 19th and 20th century linguistics, the third section is much shorter and less heavy going. Indexes of Biographical Names and of Subjects, Terms & Languages round out the volume, which also contains a number of portraits of linguists and other illustrations.
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Calling Me Home

A Novel

Author: Julie Kibler

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1250014530

Category: Fiction

Page: 336

View: 2826

A National Best Seller! Calling Me Home by Julie Kibler is a soaring debut interweaving the story of a heartbreaking, forbidden love in 1930s Kentucky with an unlikely modern-day friendship Eighty-nine-year-old Isabelle McAllister has a favor to ask her hairdresser Dorrie Curtis. It's a big one. Isabelle wants Dorrie, a black single mom in her thirties, to drop everything to drive her from her home in Arlington, Texas, to a funeral in Cincinnati. With no clear explanation why. Tomorrow. Dorrie, fleeing problems of her own and curious whether she can unlock the secrets of Isabelle's guarded past, scarcely hesitates before agreeing, not knowing it will be a journey that changes both their lives. Over the years, Dorrie and Isabelle have developed more than just a business relationship. They are friends. But Dorrie, fretting over the new man in her life and her teenage son's irresponsible choices, still wonders why Isabelle chose her. Isabelle confesses that, as a willful teen in 1930s Kentucky, she fell deeply in love with Robert Prewitt, a would-be doctor and the black son of her family's housekeeper—in a town where blacks weren't allowed after dark. The tale of their forbidden relationship and its tragic consequences makes it clear Dorrie and Isabelle are headed for a gathering of the utmost importance and that the history of Isabelle's first and greatest love just might help Dorrie find her own way.
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