Clinical Research in Oral Health

Author: William V. Giannobile,Brian A. Burt,Robert J. Genco

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780813820552

Category: Medical

Page: 344

View: 2837

Clinical Research in Oral Health surveys the essentials of clinical research in oral health, anchoring these principles within the specific context of the oral health arena. Addressing research questions exclusively applicable to dentistry and oral health, the book thoroughly illustrates the principles and practice of oral health clinical research. Clinical Research in Oral Health also clarifies the framework of regulatory issues and presents emerging concepts in clinical translation, relating the research principles to clinical improvement.
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Research Training in the Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Sciences

Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Committee to Study the National Needs for Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Personnel

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309209935

Category: Medical

Page: 206

View: 8742

Comprehensive research and a highly-trained workforce are essential for the improvement of health and health care both nationally and internationally. During the past 40 years the National Research Services Award (NRSA) Program has played a large role in training the workforce responsible for dramatic advances in the understanding of various diseases and new insights that have led to more effective and targeted therapies. In spite of this program, the difficulty obtaining jobs after the postdoc period has discouraged many domestic students from pursuing graduate postdoc training. In the United States, more than 50 percent of the postdoc workforce is made up of individuals who obtained their Ph.D.s from other countries. Indeed, one can make a strong argument that the influx of highly trained and creative foreigners has contributed greatly to U.S. science over the past 70 years. Research Training in the Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Sciences discusses a number of important issues, including: the job prospects for postdocs completing their training; questions about the continued supply of international postdocs in an increasingly competitive world; the need for equal, excellent training for all graduate students who receive NIH funding; and the need to increase the diversity of trainees. The book recommends improvements in minority recruiting, more rigorous and extensive training in the responsible conduct of research and ethics, increased emphasis on career development, more attention to outcomes, and the requirement for incorporating more quantitative thinking in the biomedical curriculum.
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Oral Health Epidemiology

Principles and Practice

Author: Amit Chattopadhyay

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763754099

Category: Medical

Page: 454

View: 626

As a result of scientific advancements and changing demographics in the United States and around the world, people of all ethnic groups and nationalities are retaining their teeth longer. Todays oral health professionals must therefore be prepared to make educated and scientifically-reasoned choices addressing a wide range of oral diseases for patients of all ages, and for ambulatory as well as non-ambulatory patients across all demographic profiles. As the first text of its kind, Oral Health Epidemiology: Principles and Practice explores the full spectrum of epidemiological and translational clinical research including fundamental mechanisms of human disease, therapeutic intervention, clinical trials, and oral epidemiology. Topics that are unique to oral health, such as the frequent use of split-mouth design on oral research, crossover techniques and clustered nature of caries, periodontal and other dental disease data, are all thoroughly addressed. Key Features: Thoroughly explores clinicaltranslational research and the special needs of oral health study designs that are applicable across all specialties in dentistry. Serves as a basic guide to advanced techniques such as bioinformatics, genetics, molecular biology, and computer simulation, biostatistics that are now used regularly in oral health research. Prepares the reader to design studies, translate the findings to practice, and conduct logical critique of scientific literature.
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Issues in Dentistry, Oral Health, Odontology, and Craniofacial Research: 2012 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1481646109

Category: Medical

Page: 342

View: 5963

Issues in Dentistry, Oral Health, Odontology, and Craniofacial Research: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Dental Traumatology. The editors have built Issues in Dentistry, Oral Health, Odontology, and Craniofacial Research: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Dental Traumatology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Dentistry, Oral Health, Odontology, and Craniofacial Research: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
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Carranza's Clinical Periodontology

Author: Michael G. Newman,Henry Takei,Perry R. Klokkevold,Fermin A. Carranza

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455706388

Category: Medical

Page: 872

View: 4802

The most widely used periodontics text, Carranza's Clinical Periodontology provides both print and online access to basic procedures as well as the latest in advanced procedures and techniques in reconstructive, esthetic, and implant therapy. Not only does this book show how to do periodontal procedures, it describes how to best manage the outcomes and explains the evidence supporting each treatment. Written by leading experts Michael Newman, Henry Takei, Perry Klokkevold, and Fermin Carranza, along with a pool of international contributors, this edition also discusses the close connection between oral health and systemic disease. A new Expert Consult website includes the entire, fully searchable contents of the book, and takes learning to a whole new level with content updates, videos, a drug database, and much more. Comprehensive coverage describes all aspects of periodontics in a single volume, including periodontal pathology, the etiology of periodontal diseases, the relationship between periodontal disease and systemic health, treatment of periodontal diseases, oral implantology, supportive treatment, and ethics, legal, and practical matters. Problem-solving, scenario-based learning opportunities use well-documented case reports to help you learn both basic and advanced procedures and techniques. 'Speed to competence' is enhanced with access to print, online, and mobile platforms. A unique approach combines evidence-based decision-making, science transfer, and classification/nomenclature throughout every chapter. A one-of-a-kind Genetic Factors and Periodontal Disease chapter examines the role of genetic factors in gum disease. In-depth information serves as an excellent foundation in preparing for the National Board Dental Exam. Expert Consult website offers fast, reliable online access to advanced material, videos, an image collection, a drug database, interactive flash cards, multiple-choice test questions, interactive references, and Pathology Consult -- plus, the entire contents of the book are fully searchable. Find core information in the book; additional, advanced information is provided online. Consult your book from any computer, anywhere in the world, for the entire life of this edition. Keep current with regular updates of the latest periodontal news and information. Follow links from biographical citations to the corresponding MEDLINE abstracts. See a comprehensive library of pathology photos. Coverage of the latest advances includes the emerging link between periodontal disease and systemic health. Full-color illustrations depict the newest developments in surgical technology. A new Multidisciplinary Approach to Dental and Periodontal Problems chapter discusses the importance of collaborative care in the practice of periodontics. Etiology of Periodontal Diseases (Part 4) provides a more comprehensive background in periodontal anatomy, physiology, and pathogenesis.
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Carranza's Clinical Periodontology - E-Book

Expert Consult: Online

Author: Michael G. Newman,Henry Takei,Perry R. Klokkevold,Fermin A. Carranza

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323227996

Category: Medical

Page: 904

View: 6760

The most widely used periodontics text, Carranza's Clinical Periodontology provides both print and online access to basic procedures as well as the latest in advanced procedures and techniques in reconstructive, esthetic, and implant therapy. Not only does this book show how to do periodontal procedures, it describes how to best manage the outcomes and explains the evidence supporting each treatment. Written by leading experts Michael Newman, Henry Takei, Perry Klokkevold, and Fermin Carranza, along with a pool of international contributors, this edition also discusses the close connection between oral health and systemic disease. A new Expert Consult website includes the entire, fully searchable contents of the book, and takes learning to a whole new level with content updates, videos, a drug database, and much more. Comprehensive coverage describes all aspects of periodontics in a single volume, including periodontal pathology, the etiology of periodontal diseases, the relationship between periodontal disease and systemic health, treatment of periodontal diseases, oral implantology, supportive treatment, and ethics, legal, and practical matters. Problem-solving, scenario-based learning opportunities use well-documented case reports to help you learn both basic and advanced procedures and techniques. 'Speed to competence' is enhanced with access to print, online, and mobile platforms. A unique approach combines evidence-based decision-making, science transfer, and classification/nomenclature throughout every chapter. A one-of-a-kind Genetic Factors and Periodontal Disease chapter examines the role of genetic factors in gum disease. In-depth information serves as an excellent foundation in preparing for the National Board Dental Exam. Coverage of the latest advances includes the emerging link between periodontal disease and systemic health. Full-color illustrations depict the newest developments in surgical technology. A new Multidisciplinary Approach to Dental and Periodontal Problems chapter discusses the importance of collaborative care in the practice of periodontics. Etiology of Periodontal Diseases (Part 4) provides a more comprehensive background in periodontal anatomy, physiology, and pathogenesis.
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Translational Oral Health Research

Author: Jukka H. Meurman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319782053

Category: Medical

Page: 173

View: 2138

This book is the first to be devoted to translational research – which aims to expedite the transfer of knowledge gained in the lab to clinical practice – within the field of oral health. It is examined how basic sciences and basic research are providing new methods and materials that will enable clinicians to treat patients more effectively. Readers will gain a translational perspective on a variety of oral conditions and related systemic diseases. Individual chapters are devoted to such topics as dental biomaterials, implants, and tissue engineering. The importance of evidence-based research and the roles and comparative value of preclinical and clinical trials are also highlighted. Knowledge of translational and clinical research is essential in understanding how new inventions and developments are being accomplished, and what regulations and guidelines need to be taken into account when planning studies, and not forgetting the ethical aspects of any research. Translational Oral Health Research is the first book to be devoted entirely to the subject, and it will be of interest to both researchers and practitioners.
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Statistical and Methodological Aspects of Oral Health Research

Author: Emmanuel Lesaffre

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470744123

Category: Mathematics

Page: 408

View: 5666

Statistical and Methodological Aspects of Oral Health Research provides oral health researchers with an overview of the methodological aspects that are important in planning, conducting and analyzing their research projects whilst also providing biostatisticians with an idea of the statistical problems that arise when tackling oral health research questions. This collection presents critical reflections on oral health research and offers advice on practical aspects of setting up research whilst introducing the reader to basic as well as advanced statistical methodology. Features: An introduction to research methodology and an exposition of the state of the art. A variety of examples from oral health research. Contributions from well-known oral health researchers, epidemiologists and biostatisticians, all of whom have rich experience in this area. Recent developments in statistical methodology prompted by a variety of dental applications. Presenting both an introduction to research methodology and an exposition of the latest advances in oral health research, this book will appeal both beginning and experienced oral health researchers as well as biostatisticians and epidemiologists.
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Oral Healthcare and the Frail Elder

A Clinical Perspective

Author: Michael I. MacEntee

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470958456

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 3134

Oral healthcare is an integral part of overall health and well-being, and it is a significant and increasing challenge as people grow frail. Incidence of caries and gingivitis among residents of long-term care facilities are on the rise, and daily oral hygiene is often difficult for patients who are frail or in need of assistance. Oral Healthcare and the Frail Elder: A Clinical Perspective provides dentists, dental hygienists, and other healthcare professionals with comprehensive, practical instruction on managing the multifaceted oral healthcare needs of frail elders. By discussing background information and relevant literature, the book provides a holistic approach to clinical issues such as oral pain, dry mouth, and periodontal disease. Edited by experts in the field, Oral Healthcare and the Frail Elder enhances clinical application with thorough reviews of pertinent social and ethical issues, access to care issues, and the practicalities for overcoming these in order to provide high-quality oral healthcare to an aging population.
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Prevention in Clinical Oral Health Care

Author: David P. Cappelli,Connie C. Mobley

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323036953

Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 6922

PART ONE: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION THEORY 1. Epidemiology/Biology of Dental Caries 2. Epidemiology/Biology of Periodontal Diseases 3. Epidemiology/Biology of Oral Cancer PART TWO: RISK-BASED PREVENTION 4. Dental Caries and Associated Risk Factors 5. Periodontal Disease and Associated Risk Factors 6. Oral Cancer and Associated Risk Factors 7. Synergism between Pharmacology and Oral Health PART THREE: ASSESSMENT STRATEGIES TO TAILOR YOUR PATIENT CARE PLAN 8. Nutritional Risk Assessment 9. Laboratory Testing 10. Integrating Risk and Health Promotion Counseling 11. Enhancing Patient Adherence to Preventive Programs 12. The Fearful and Phobic Patient 13. Cultural Competence and Risk Assessment PART FOUR: PREVENTION AND PRACTICE 14. Disease Prevention/Health Promotion 15. Prevention Strategies for Dental Caries 16. Prevention Strategies for Periodontal Diseases 17. Prevention Strategies for Oral Cancer 18. Prevention Strategies for Oral Components of Systemic Conditions 19. Prevention Strategies for Special Populations 20. Integrating Preventive Strategies into Clinical Practice.
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Advances in Hygiene Research and Application: 2011 Edition

ScholarlyPaper

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464948194

Category: Medical

Page: 28

View: 8578

Advances in Hygiene Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Hygiene in a compact format. The editors have built Advances in Hygiene Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Hygiene in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Hygiene Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
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Sport and Oral Health

A Concise Guide

Author: Siobhan C. Budd,Jean-Christophe Egea

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319534238

Category: Medical

Page: 160

View: 9266

This book aims to explore the intricate interrelationship between oral health and sport, with the focus on highly popular team games, endurance sports, and explosive events. In order to understand the vulnerability of athletes of all levels of ability to oral health problems, relevant aspects of sports physiology and training are outlined, as are the predisposing behavioral, psychological, and physiological elements. Specific sports-related oral risk factors are identified and detailed, and the dental conditions frequently observed in athletes are explained. The dental clinical reality of athletes reveals a wide spectrum of oral consequences, affecting both soft and hard tissues, that can adversely impact on training and competitiveness. Principles of dental management are highlighted, and therapeutic solutions provided for the most common dental lesions. Emphasis is placed on preventative measures and solutions adapted to the athlete’s individual needs, as well as the importance of effective collaboration with a diverse team of professionals. The book will be of interest to dentists, health professionals, sports coaches, athletes, and teachers and students of dentistry and medical disciplines.
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Clinical Research in Complementary Therapies E-Book

Principles, Problems and Solutions

Author: George Thomas Lewith,Wayne B. Jonas,Harald Walach

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702049166

Category: Medical

Page: 426

View: 8248

The use of complementary therapies is exploding, increasing the pressure to establish a rigorous science to support its practice. Clinical Research in Complementary Therapies: Principles, Problems and Solutions provides students with the tools they need to research complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) and so fill this gap. Essential for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, this second edition is significantly updated and enhanced. Part 1 deals with research strategies and methods, explaining the major types of clinical research in CIM and how these inter-relate. New chapters are included on whole systems research, qualitative research and questionnaire development. Not all therapies can be treated the same way nor channeled through the signal process of randomized controlled trials. Therefore, detailed description of mixed methods approaches including observational, qualitative, cost-benefit and comparative effectiveness research are described. Part 2 deals with specific complementary therapies and how they are invested by experts in each field. The book analyses the key questions asked and the controversies debated in complementary medicine research and offers clear and innovative guidance for answering these questions. FEATURES • Provides an overarching synthesis of methods in CIM and how they are to be used collectively including the role of comparative effectiveness research • Suggests both general and specific factors which need to be considered in assessing or planning complementary therapy research • Pinpoints aspects of research which are different in orthodox research and complementary therapy research • Reviews the types of research carried out in specific complementary therapies and analyses issues which arise • Includes information on measuring the economic cost and benefits of complementary medicine, clinical audit and the role of placebos use • Builds upon recent research results, looks at the lessons these provide for all complementary therapies and suggests key issues to address in future research. • Provides an overarching synthesis of methods in CIM and how they are to be used collectively including the role of comparative effectiveness research • Suggests both general and specific factors which need to be considered in assessing or planning complementary therapy research • Pinpoints aspects of research which are different in orthodox research and complementary therapy research • Reviews the types of research carried out in specific complementary therapies and analyses issues which arise • Includes information on measuring the economic cost and benefits of complementary medicine, clinical audit and the role of placebos use • Builds upon recent research results, looks at the lessons these provide for all complementary therapies and suggests key issues to address in future research.
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Clinical research in behavioral dentistry

proceedings of the Second National Conference on Behavioral Dentistry, Morgantown, West Virginia, October 8-9, 1979

Author: Barbara D. Ingersoll,William R. McCutcheon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 247

View: 3202

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Dentistry, Dental Practice, and the Community

Author: Brian A. Burt,Steven A. Eklund

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437725619

Category: Medical

Page: 440

View: 5394

This great resource presents dentistry and dental practice against the ever-changing backdrop of economic, technological, and demographic trends, as well as the distribution of the oral diseases that dental professionals treat and prevent. The text is logically divided into five parts. Dentistry and the Community deals with the development of the dental and dental hygiene professions, demographics of the public, its use of dental services, and the professional role. Dental Practice covers the structure and financing of dental care, the personnel involved in providing that care, and the emerging field of evidence-based dentistry. The Methods of Oral Epidemiology provides a comprehensive assessment of the epidemiology of oral diseases and the determinants of their distribution in society. The Distribution of Oral Diseases and Conditions gives a detailed presentation of how the common oral diseases are distributed in the community. Prevention of Oral Diseases in Public Health discusses methods of preventing oral diseases in dental practice and through public health action. Thorough explanations of how to read dental literature help readers understand how to draw their own conclusions from the latest studies. Coverage presents a number of complex problems facing practitioners today regarding access to dental care, and discusses how to solve them by working with public authorities and insurers. Comprehensive coverage of oral disease distribution helps readers to understand trends and risks they will encounter in the field. Material on prevention and control of oral diseases provides important information that all dental practitioners should have. Research designs used in oral epidemology assess the pros and cons of dental indexes available, allowing readers to gain an understanding of the complexities of disease measurement and research. Detailed content on providing dental care to the American public presents a unique opportunity to learn the system of dental care delivery. State-of-the-art coverage of mercury issues offer a balanced view of issues like toxicity, potential hazards, review of evidence, and politics. Ethical guidelines provide a discussion of how ethical principles have evolved over time and the precipitating events that pushed ethical practice into the forefront of health care. Information on the development of dental professions gives readers insight into how these professions originated and their current state. · Content addresses evidence-based dentistry, and how it can and should become part of the everyday clinical life of the practitioner, since staying current is vital to providing excellent patient care. · Discussions of infection control procedures and the impact of HIV and Hepatitis B incorporate new, updated guidelines in dental health care settings released in 2003.
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Clinical Problem Solving in Dentistry E-Book

Author: Avijit Banerjee,Edward W Odell

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702044075

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 7608

The latest edition of this popular book continues to provide a highly visual step-by-step guide to the practical management of a wide variety of presentations seen in clinical dental practice. Containing over 350 high-quality photographs, line artworks and tables, Clinical Problem Solving in Dentistry is written in an easy-to read ‘how to’ style and contains a large number of real life clinical cases carefully presented to maximise learning outcomes for the reader. Covering all core aspects of practice, Clinical Problem Solving in Dentistry, 3rd editionwill be of value to all general dental practitioners, both qualified and in training. More than 350 colour illustrations, artworks and tables present clinical, diagnostic and practical information in an easy-to-follow manner Designed to help the reader reorganise their knowledge into a clinically useful format Explores treatment alternatives and evaluates their advantages and disadvantages Integrates material from all the dental specialties in order to cover the full range of problems which will be seen in practice Practical approach to the subject makes learning especially easy Includes ten completely new problems, making the book almost twice as long as the first edition! All the chapters have been completely revised to account for new national guidelines, changes in legislation and advances in treatment Additional topics include Down’s syndrome, bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis, headache and child protection
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Textbook of Geriatric Dentistry

Author: Poul Holm-Pedersen,Angus W. G. Walls,Jonathan A. Ship

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405153644

Category: Medical

Page: 386

View: 3565

Long considered the premier book on the subject, the third edition of Textbook of Geriatric Dentistry captures the major advancements in the field since the second edition published over a decade ago. The presentation of the book reveals the increasing prominence of gerodontology, alongside its heightened connections with related fields, particularly restorative dentistry. The structure of the new edition has been modernized considerably. Many of the physiological and gerontological aspects have been condensed into the clinical chapters. Color images are used more liberally throughout the book. The third edition provides an essential focus on the clinical aspects of geriatric dentistry, with a continued emphasis on the fundamental considerations that influence care.
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Jong's Community Dental Health - E-Book

Author: George Gluck,Warren M. Morganstein

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 032305840X

Category: Medical

Page: 528

View: 6166

This essential resource gives the reader a practical overview of the expanding and evolving role of the dental professional in the health care community. Coverage includes globalism, diversity, the impact of technology on public health and community dentistry, and information on Hepatitis C and water fluoridation.
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Advancing the Nation's Health Needs

NIH Research Training Programs

Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Committee for Monitoring the Nation's Changing Needs for Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Personnel

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309094275

Category: Medical

Page: 186

View: 8697

This report is the twelfth assessment of the National Institutes of Health National Research Service Awards program. The research training needs of the country in basic biomedical, clinical, and behavioral and social sciences are considered. Also included are the training needs of oral health, nursing, and health services research. The report has been broadly constructed to take into account the rapidly evolving national and international health care needs. The past and present are analyzed, and predictions with regard to future needs are presented.
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