Climate Change, Forced Migration, and International Law

Author: Jane McAdam

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199587087

Category: Law

Page: 319

View: 1543

This is a key study into whether 'climate change refugees' are protected by international law. It examines the reasons why people do or do not move; how far climate change is a trigger for movement; and whether traditional international responses, such as creating new treaties and new institutions, are appropriate solutions in this context.
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Environmental Change, Forced Displacement and International Law

from legal protection gaps to protection solutions

Author: Isabel M. Borges

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351361791

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 8101

This book explores the increasing concern over the extent to which those suffering from forced cross-border displacement as a result of environmental change are protected under international human rights law. Formally they are not entitled to admission or stay in a third state country, a situation that has been identified as an international "legal protection gap". The book seeks to provide answers to two basic questions: whether and to what extent existing international law protects cross-border environmental displacement, and whether and how existing formalized regional complementary protection standards can interpretively solidify and conceptualize protection for cross-border environmental displacement. The discussion outlines that the protection of the human person is not only an ex post facto obligation of states, but must be increasingly seen as an ex ante one. The analysis further suggests that the European Union regionally orientated protection regime can help states to consolidate an evolving protection paradigm of proactive and reactive measures being erected at the international level. It can also narrow the identified legal protection gaps. In so doing, it helps states to reconceptualise protection as a holistic and dynamic enterprise. This book will be of great interest to academics in law, political science and human rights, policy makers and civil society organisations both at national and international level.
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Migration and Climate Change

Author: Étienne Piguet,Antoine Pécoud

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107014859

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 442

View: 7781

"Migration and Climate Change provides the first authoritative overview of the relationship between climate change and migration, bringing together both case studies and syntheses from different parts of the world. It discusses policy responses, normative issues and critical perspectives from the point of view of human rights, international law, political science, and ethics, and addresses the concepts, notions and methods most suited to confronting this complex issue. The book constitutes a unique and thorough introduction to one of the most discussed but least understood consequences of climate change and brings together experts from a multitude of disciplines such as geography, anthropology and law, providing a valuable synthesis of research and debate"--
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Climate Change and People on the Move

International Law and Justice

Author: Fanny Thornton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192558242

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 4426

This book applies a justice framework to analysis of the actual and potential role of international law with respect to people on the move in the context of anthropogenic climate change. That people are affected by the impacts of climate change is no longer doubted, including with implications for people movement (migration, displacement, relocation, etc.). Climate Change and People on the Move tackles unique questions concerning international responsibility for people movement arising from the inequities inherent to climate change. Corrective and distributive justice provide the analytical backbone, and are explored in a substantial theoretical chapter and then applied to subsequent contextual analysis. Corrective justice supports analysis as to whether people movement in the climate change context could be conceived or framed as harm, loss, or damage which is compensable under international law, either through fault-centred regimes or no-fault regimes (i.e. insurance). Distributive justice supports analysis as to whether such movement could be conceived or framed as a disproportionate burden, either for those faced with movement or those faced with sheltering people on the move, from which duties of re-distribution may stem. This book contributes to the growing scholarship and analysis concerning international law or governance and people movement in response to the impacts of climate change by investigating the bounds of the law where the phenomenon is viewed as one of (in)justice.
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Climate Change, Migration and Human Rights

Law and Policy Perspectives

Author: Dimitra Manou,Andrew Baldwin,Dug Cubie,Anja Mihr,Teresa Thorp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317222334

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 268

View: 9534

Climate Change already having serious impacts on the lives of millions of people across the world. These impacts are not only ecological, but also social, economic and legal. Among the most significant of such impacts is climate change-induced migration. The implications of this on human rights raise pressing questions, which require serious scholarly reflection. Drawing together experts in this field, Climate Change, Migration and Human Rights offers a fresh perspective on human rights law and policy issues in the climate change regime by examining the interrelationships between various aspects of human rights, climate change and migration. Three key themes are explored: understanding the concepts of human dignity, human rights and human security; the theoretical nexus between human rights, climate change and migration or displacement; and the practical implications and challenges for lawyers and policy-makers of protecting human dignity in the face of climate change and displacement. The book also includes a series of case studies from Alaska, Bangladesh, Kenya and the Pacific islands which aim to improve our understanding of the theoretical and practical implications of climate change for human rights and migration. This book will be of great interest to scholars of environmental law and policy, human rights law, climate change, and migration and refugee studies.
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Migration and climate change

Author: Oli Brown,International Organization for Migration

Publisher: United Nations Pubns

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 60

View: 885

This report focuses on the possible future scenarios for climate change, natural disasters and migration and development, looking to increase awareness and find answers to the challenges that lie ahead. The report states that even though it is defined as a growing crisis, the consequences of climate change for human population are unclear and unpredictable. In 1990, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) noted that the greatest single impact of climate change could be on human migration - with millions of persons displaced by shoreline erosion, coastal flooding and agricultural disruption. Since then, various analysts have tried to put numbers on these flows of climate migrants, the most widely repeated prediction being 200 million by 2050. The study points out that the scientific basis for climate change is increasingly well established, and confirms that current predictions as to the "carrying capacity" in large parts of the world will be compromised by climate change.--Publisher's description.
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Form, Macht, Differenz

Motive und Felder ethnologischen Forschens

Author: Elfriede Hermann,Karin Klenke,Michael Dickhardt

Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen

ISBN: 394034480X

Category: Ethnology

Page: 406

View: 7156

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Blurring Boundaries: Human Security and Forced Migration

Author: Stefan Salomon,Lisa Heschl,Gerd Oberleitner,Wolfgang Benedek

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004326871

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 2669

In Blurring Boundaries scholars from law and social sciences offer a critical account of the main topics of forced migration and advance a much-needed fresh view on forced migration through the lens of human security.
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The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh,Gil Loescher,Katy Long,Nando Sigona

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645885

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 4242

Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterise this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.
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Demography of Refugee and Forced Migration

Author: Graeme Hugo,Mohammad Jalal Abbasi-Shavazi,Ellen Percy Kraly

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319671472

Category: Social Science

Page: 317

View: 8226

This authoritative and comprehensive edited volume presents current research on how demography can contribute to generating scientific knowledge and evidence concerning refugees and forced migration, developing evidence based policy recommendations on protection for forced migrants and reception of refugees, and revealing the determinants and consequences of migration for origin and destination regions and communities. Refugee and other forced migrations have increased substantially in scale, complexity and diversity in recent decades. These changes challenge traditional approaches in response to refugee and other forced migration situations, and protection of refugees. Demography has an important contribution to make in this analytic space. While other disciplines (especially anthropology, law, geography, political science and international relations) have made major contributions to refugee and forced migration studies, demography has been less present with most research focusing on issues of refugee mortality and morbidity. This book specifies the range of topics for which a demographic approach is highly appropriate, and identifies findings of demographic research which can contribute to ever more effective policy making in this important arena of human welfare and international policy.
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Sicherheitsrisiko Klimawandel

Author: Wissenschaftlicher Beirat der Bundesregierung Globale Umweltveränderungen (WBGU)

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540732489

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 3183

Verteilungskämpfe in und zwischen Ländern – um Wasser, um Land, um die Bewältigung von Flüchtlingsbewegungen. Gewalt und Destabilisierung könnten die (inter)nationale Sicherheit in naher Zukunft in einem bisher unbekannten Ausmaß bedrohen. Aktuell und interdisziplinär schildert der "Wissenschaftliche Beirat der Bundesregierung Globale Umweltveränderungen" (WBGU) die Chance: das gemeinsame, energische und weltweite Gegensteuern des Staatenbundes.
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Internationale Migration

Author: Khalid Koser

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150186930

Category: Emigration and immigration

Page: 204

View: 1143

"Es gibt aktuell auf der Welt mehr Migranten denn jemals zuvor; Kriege und Bürgerkriege sind genauso Gründe dafür wie Armut, wirtschaftliche Ansprüche oder gar Unternehmensgeist. Neu ist das Phänomen gleichwohl nicht, es hat die Geschichte von Kulturen und Staaten immer schon mitgeprägt. Khalid Koser, ein international gefragter Migrationsexperte des Genfer Zentrums für Sicherheitspolitik, stellt das Phänomen mit all seinen Problemen und Auswirkungen knapp, abgewogen und differenziert dar, widerlegt zahlreiche dazu umlaufende Mythen und plädiert dafür, den Wert der Migration für Volkswirtschaften und Kulturen zu erkennen und zu würdigen."--Verl.
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Wörterbuch Klimadebatte

Author: Sybille Bauriedl

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839432383

Category: Social Science

Page: 332

View: 4081

Grünes Wachstum, Nullemission, Energiewende, ökologische Modernisierung. Die Klimadebatte hat ihr eigenes Vokabular hervorgebracht, dessen Begriffe eine strukturkonservative Agenda transportieren: Mit marktbasierten Klimaschutzinstrumenten, grüner Technologie und globalem Management sollen die lebenswichtigen Funktionen der Atmosphäre bewahrt und gleichzeitig ungebremstes Wachstum ermöglicht werden. Dieses Ideal der Industriegesellschaften hat jedoch den Klimawandel verursacht und wird nun zu dessen Lösung umgedeutet. Im »Wörterbuch Klimadebatte« analysieren Expert_innen aus Sozial-, Politik- und Kulturwissenschaften über 40 Schlüsselbegriffe des Klimadiskurses, die diese Utopie plausibel und alternativlos erscheinen lassen, und zeigen notwendige Perspektiven jenseits einer neoliberalen Klimapolitik.
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Allgemeine Erklärung der Menschenrechte

Author: Vereinte Nationen

Publisher: Aegitas

ISBN: 500064137X

Category: Law

Page: 8

View: 2256

Die Allgemeine Erklärung der Menschenrechte (A/RES/217, UN-Doc. 217/A-(III)), auch: Deklaration der Menschenrechte oder UN-Menschenrechtscharta oder kurz AEMR, ist das ausdrückliche Bekenntnis der Vereinten Nationen zu den allgemeinen Grundsätzen der Menschenrechte. Es wurde am 10. Dezember 1948 von der Generalversammlung der Vereinten Nationen im Palais de Chaillot in Paris genehmigt und verkündet.
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Jenseits der Menschenrechte

Die Rechtsstellung des Individuums im Völkerrecht

Author: Anne Peters

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161527494

Category: Law

Page: 559

View: 6024

Grundthese des Buches ist, dass ein Paradigmenwechsel stattgefunden hat, der den Menschen zum primaren Volkerrechtssubjekt macht. Diese These wird vor dem Hintergrund der Ideengeschichte und Dogmatik der Volkerrechtspersonlichkeit des Menschen entfaltet und auf die Rechtspraxis in zahlreichen Teilrechtsgebieten, angefangen vom Recht der internationalen Verantwortung uber das Recht des bewaffneten Konflikts, das Recht der Katastrophenhilfe, das internationale Strafrecht, das internationale Umweltrecht, das Konsularrecht und das Recht des diplomatischen Schutzes, das internationale Arbeitsrecht, das Fluchtlingsrecht bis hin zum internationalen Investitionsschutzrecht gestutzt. Der neue Volkerrechtsstatus des Menschen wird mit dem Begriff des subjektiven internationalen Rechts auf den Punkt gebracht.
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Nord-Süd-Beziehungen im Umbruch

Neue Perspektiven auf Staat und Demokratie in der Weltpolitik

Author: Hans-Jürgen Burchardt

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593390167

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 5614

Zur Lösung globaler Probleme wird die Dritte Welt immer wichtiger. Doch über die Staaten der Nicht- OECD liegt nur begrenztes Wissen vor. Für den Westen gültige Erfahrungen sind dort nur teilweise wirksam. Statt die Welt neu zu erklären, muss sie erst neu verstanden werden. Aus unterschiedlicher Perspektive werden deshalb wichtige Facetten der Länder des Südens analysiert und für neue theoretische Zugänge zum Verstehen der Nord-Süd- Beziehungen geworben.
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Research Handbook on Climate Change, Migration and the Law

Author: Benoît Mayer,Fran©ʹois Cr©♭peau

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781785366581

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 512

View: 7796

Concerns have arisen in recent decades about the impact of climate change on human mobility. Many people affected by climate change are forced or otherwise decide to migrate within or across international borders. Despite its clear importance, many questions remain open regarding the nature of the climate-migration nexus and its implications for laws and institutions. In the face of such uncertainty, this Research Handbook offers a comprehensive picture of laws and institutions relevant to climate migration and the multiple, often contradictory perspectives on the topic.Carefully edited chapters by leading scholars in the field provide a cross section of the various debates on what laws do, can do and should do in relation to the impacts of climate change on migration. A first part analyses the relations between climate change and migration. A second part explores how existing laws and institutions address the climate-migration nexus. In the final part, the chapters discuss possible ways forward.This timely Research Handbook provides much-needed insight into this complex issue for graduate and post-graduate students in climate change or migration law. It will also appeal to students and scholars in political science, international relations, environmental studies and migration studies, as well as policymakers and advocates.
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Homo sacer

Die souveräne Macht und das nackte Leben

Author: Giorgio Agamben

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351878420X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 4167

Der homo sacer ist die Verkörperung einer archaischen römischen Rechtsfigur: Zwar durfte er straflos getötet, nicht aber geopfert werden, was auch seine Tötung sinnlos und ihn gleichsam unberührbar machte – woraus sich der Doppelsinn von sacer als ›verflucht‹ und ›geheiligt‹ ableitet. Giorgio Agamben stellt im Anschluß an Foucault und als philosophische Korrektur von dessen Konzept der Biopolitik die These auf, daß Biopolitik, indem sie den Menschen auf einen biologischen Nullwert zurückzuführen versucht, das nackte Leben zum eigentlichen Subjekt der Moderne macht. Ausgehend von Carl Schmitts Souveränitätskonzept, kommt Agamben zu einer Interpretation des Konzentrationslagers als »nomos der Moderne«, wo Recht und Tat, Regel und Ausnahme, Leben und Tod ununterscheidbar werden. In den zwischen Leben und Tod siechenden Häftlingen, aber auch in den Flüchtlingen von heute sieht er massenhaft real gewordene Verkörperungen des homo sacer und des nackten Lebens. Die philosophische Begründung dessen, daß diese Möglichkeit keineswegs nur historisch ist, hat eine Diskussion entfacht, die weit über Italien und Europa hinausreicht.
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