Civil Society Participation in European and Global Governance

A Cure for the Democratic Deficit?

Author: J. Steffek,C. Kissling,P. Nanz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230592503

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 8426

It is often argued that the enhanced consultation of civil society contributes to the democratization of European and global governance. This collection investigates whether this theoretical argument is supported by empirical evidence. Ten original essays analyze current patterns of civil society consultation in 32 intergovernmental organizations.
Release

Civil Society and International Governance

The Role of Non-State Actors in the EU, Africa, Asia and Middle East

Author: David Armstrong,Valeria Bello,Julie Gilson,Debora Spini

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136888934

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 9276

A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via www.tandfebooks.com as well as the OAPEN Library platform, www.oapen.org. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license and is part of the OAPEN-UK research project. Structures and processes occurring within and between states are no longer the only – or even the most important - determinants of those political, economic and social developments and dynamics that shape the modern world. Many issues, including the environment, health, crime, drugs, migration and terrorism, can no longer be contained within national boundaries. As a result, it is not always possible to identify the loci for authority and legitimacy, and the role of governments has been called into question. Civil Society anf International Governance critically analyses the increasing impact of nongovernmental organisations and civil society on global and regional governance. Written from the standpoint of advocates of civil society and addressing the role of civil society in relation to the UN, the IMF, the G8 and the WTO, this volume assess the role of various non-state actors from three perspectives: theoretical aspects, civil society interaction with the European Union and civil society and regional governance outside Europe, specifically Africa, East Asia and the Middle East. It demonstrates that civil society’s role has been more complex than one defined in terms, essentially, of resistance and includes actual participation in governance as well as multi-facetted contributions to legitimising and democratising global and regional governance. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political science, international relations, civil society, sociology, European politics and global governance.
Release

The European Union in International Organisations and Global Governance

Recent Developments

Author: Christine Kaddous

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782259430

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 7822

The European Union is a key participant in international organisations with its involvement taking different forms, ranging from full membership to mere observer. Moreover, there is also not only one status of observer, but different ones depending on the constituent charters of the organisations. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the participation of the EU in five international organisations: the UN, the ILO, the WTO, the WHO and the WIPO. It identifies its role and influence in diverse areas of global governance, such as foreign policy, peace, human rights, social rights, trade, health and intellectual property. EU and international experts, diplomats and scholars have contributed to this book to give an overview of the different aspects linked to the participation of the EU in these organisations and to the coordination that takes place internally with its Member States. They also examine the EU's actual influence in the various areas and its contribution to global governance. The combination of these two dimensions allows the work to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the participation of the EU in these five international organisations. The book provides valuable insights for scholars, policymakers and is useful for representatives of other international organisations and civil society actors.
Release

Democratic Legitimacy in the European Union and Global Governance

Building a European Demos

Author: Beatriz Pérez de las Heras

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319413813

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 903

This book addresses one of the most relevant challenges to the sustainability of the European Union (EU) as a political project: the deficit of citizens’ support. It identifies missing elements of popular legitimacy and makes proposals for their formal inclusion in a future Treaty reform, while assessing the contribution that the EU may make to global governance by expanding a credible democratic model to other international actors. The contributors offer perspectives from law, political science, and sociology, and the 15 case studies of different aspects of the incipient European demos provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of these pertinent questions. The edited volume provides a truly interdisciplinary study of the citizens’ role in the European political landscape that can serve as a basis for further analyses of the EU’s democratic legitimacy. It will be of use to legal scholars and political scientists interested in the EU’s democratic system, institutional setup and external relations.
Release

Law and the Technologies of the Twenty-First Century

Text and Materials

Author: Roger Brownsword,Morag Goodwin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139510525

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 6567

Law and the Technologies of the Twenty-First Century provides a contextual account of the way in which law functions in a broader regulatory environment across different jurisdictions. It identifies and clearly structures the four key challenges that technology poses to regulatory efforts, distinguishing between technology as a regulatory target and tool, and guiding the reader through an emerging field that is subject to rapid change. By extensive use of examples and extracts from the texts and materials that form and shape the scholarly and public debates over technology regulation, it presents complex material in a stimulating and engaging manner. Co-authored by a leading scholar in the field with a scholar new to the area, it combines comprehensive knowledge of the field with a fresh approach. This is essential reading for students of law and technology, risk regulation, policy studies, and science and technology studies.
Release

The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability

Author: Mark Bovens,Robert E. Goodin,Thomas Schillemans

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191002577

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 611

Over the past two decades public accountability has become not only an icon in political, managerial, and administrative discourse but also the object of much scholarly analysis across a broad range of social and administrative sciences. This handbook provides a state of the art overview of recent scholarship on public accountability. It collects, consolidates, and integrates an upsurge of inquiry currently scattered across many disciplines and subdisciplines. It provides a one-stop-shop on the subject, not only for academics who study accountability, but also for practitioners who are designing, adjusting, or struggling with mechanisms for accountable governance. Drawing on the best scholars in the field from around the world, The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability showcases conceptual and normative as well as the empirical approaches in public accountability studies. In addition to giving an overview of scholarly research in a variety of disciplines, it takes stock of a wide range of accountability mechanisms and practices across the public, private and non-profit sectors, making this volume a must-have for both practitioners and scholars, both established and new to the field.
Release

The EU and Immigration Policies

Cracks in the Walls of Fortress Europe?

Author: C. Roos

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137302569

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 2733

This book explores how and why the EU and its member states define immigration policies. A comparison of EU negotiations on five EU immigration directives reveals interests of actors in EU integration and whether common policies aim at a restriction or expansion of immigration to the EU.
Release

Jürgen Habermas and the European Economic Crisis

Cosmopolitanism Reconsidered

Author: Gaspare M. Genna,Thomas O. Haakenson,Ian W. Wilson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131728836X

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 4319

The European Union entered into an economic crisis in late 2009 that was sparked by bank bailouts and led to large, unsustainable, sovereign debt. The crisis was European in scale, but hit some countries in the Eurozone harder than others. Despite the plethora of writings devoted to the economic crisis in Europe, present understandings of how the political decisions would influence the integration project continue to remain vague. What does it actually mean to be European? Is Europe still a collection of peoples that rallied together during good times and then retreat to nationalism when challenges appear? Or has Europe adopted a common identity that would foster solidarity during hard times? This book provides its reader with a fresh perspective on the importance identity has on the functioning of the European Union as exemplified in Jürgen Habermas’ seminal text, ‘The Crisis of the European Union: A Response’. Rather than exploring the causes of the crisis, the contributors examine the current state of European identity to determine the likelihood of implementing Habermas’ suggestions. The contributor’s interdisciplinary approach is organized into four parts and examines the following key areas of concern: Habermas’ arguments, placing them into their historical context. To which degree do Europeans share the ideals Habermas describes as crucial to his program of reform. Influence of Habermas’ cosmopolitanism through religious and literary lenses. Impact of Habermas’ notions in the arenas of education, national economies, austerity, and human rights. Jürgen Habermas and the European Economic Crisis will be read by scholars in the fields of Political Theory and Philosophy, European Politics and Cultural Studies.
Release

Political Equality in Transnational Democracy

Author: E. Erman,S. Nasstrom

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137372249

Category: Political Science

Page: 190

View: 1465

This book is about the status of political equality under global political conditions. The overall aim is to revitalize the debate on the status of political equality in transnational democracy.
Release

Democracy, Participation and Contestation

Civil society, governance and the future of liberal democracy

Author: Emmanuelle Avril,Johann N Neem

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317750764

Category: Political Science

Page: 302

View: 5151

The establishment of democracy on both sides of the Atlantic has not been a smooth evolution towards an idealized presumed endpoint. Far from it, democratization has been marked by setbacks and victories, a process often referred to as ‘contested democracy’. In view of recent mobilizations such as the Arab Spring and the Occupy movement, in which new technologies have played a key role, there is a need for a renewed analysis of the long-term evolution of US and UK political systems. Using new areas of research, this book argues that the ideals and the practices of Anglo-American democracy can be best understood by studying diverse forms of participation, which go beyond classical expressions of contestation and dissent such as voting. The authors analyze political parties, social movements, communications and social media, governance, cultural diversity, identity politics, public-private actors and social cohesion to illustrate how the structure and context of popular participation play a significant role in whether, and when, citizens ́ efforts have any meaningful impact on those who exercise political power. In doing so, the authors take crucial steps towards understanding how a vigorous public sphere and popular sovereignty can be made to work in today’s global environment. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political science, British and US history, democracy, political participation, governance, social movements and politics.
Release

Transnational Actors in Global Governance

Patterns, Explanations and Implications

Author: Jonas Tallberg,Christer Jönsson

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 2766

The nature of global governance is changing, as are the standards by which we judge its legitimacy. We are witnessing a gradual and partial shift from inter-state co-operation to more complex forms of governance, involving participation by transnational actors, such as NGOs, party associations, philanthropic foundations and corporations.
Release

Public Participation, Science and Society

Tools for Dynamic and Responsible Governance of Research and Innovation

Author: Mikko Rask,Saul? Ma?iukait?-Žvinien?,Loreta Tauginien?,Vytautas Dik?ius,Kaisa Matschoss,Timo Aarrevaara,Luciano d’Andrea

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351272942

Category: Political Science

Page: 152

View: 6074

The field of public participation is developing fast, with phenomena such as citizen science and crowdsourcing extending the resource base of research, stimulating innovation and making science more accessible to the general population. Promoting public participation means giving more weight to citizens and civil society actors in the definition of research needs and in the implementation of research and innovation. As yet, there is limited understanding of the implications of widespread use of public participation and as a result, there is a risk that it will become a burden for research and an obstacle to bridging the gap between research and society. This volume presents the findings of a three-year international study on innovative public participation. The resulting work studies the characteristics and trends of innovative public participation through a global sample of 38 case studies. It provides theoretical generalisations on the dynamics of public participation, suggestions for an evaluation framework and clear empirical examples of how public participation works in practice. Illustrated by best practice cases, the authors identify characteristics which contribute to successful public participation. The book is aimed primarily at scholars and practitioners of public participation, as well as research managers, policy makers and business actors interested in related issues. There is also a secondary market for students and scholars of European governance studies, sociology and political sciences.
Release

Governance and European Civil Society

Governmentality, Discourse and NGOs

Author: Acar Kutay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317808401

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 2618

This book provides a critical analysis of the European Union’s approach to ‘governance’, focusing on the way in which civil society is incorporated within the EU decision-making process and arguing that it is not conducive to the democratisation of EU governance. Using a governmentality approach, Kutay demonstrates that civic actors are not incorporated into EU decision-making processes as they are; rather, they are formed, manipulated and guided by political programming. The author explains how this acts to prescribe and construct particular types of subjectivities, thereby limiting and constraining the types of participation that might emerge as part of European civil society and the process of political participation. Governance and European Civil Society will be of interest to students and scholars of European Union politics, global governance, civil society and democracy, Central and East European studies and political and international theory.
Release

State and Civil Society in Northern Europe

The Swedish Model Reconsidered

Author: Lars Trägårdh

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845451875

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 2096

In neo-liberal political and economic climate, it is suggested that a state stands in opposition to an autonomous civil society. This book offers insights into the dynamics of state and civil society relations, against trends of undermining the importance of the welfare state, and presents autonomous civic participation as the only way forward.
Release

New Directions in Global Political Governance

The G8 and International Order in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Junichi Takase

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351915045

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 2525

Focused on politics and security, this volume extends the G8 and Global Governance series into the domain of international security in both its classic and newer forms. Going beyond the conventional focus on globalization, it takes up the central question of shaping international order, looking at the emergence of several important phenomena including: - The advent of human security - The global importance of once deeply domestic security issues - Enhanced demands for civil society participation Sections on Japan's perspective on the G8 and international order, critical issues in global security governance and the role of international institutions and American leadership therein, make this a distinctive account of international security in the 21st century.
Release

Transforming the Golden-Age Nation State

Author: Achim Hurrelmann

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230521612

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 213

View: 8617

This collection examines the transformation of the modern Western state in an age of accelerated globalization. Arguing that the state experienced a 'golden age' in the 1960s and 1970s, the contributors explore how and why this configuration of the state is under pressure in the 21st century. State functions are increasingly privatized or internationalized indicating a shift to a 'post-national' state and the book traces these tranformations through fields as diverse as taxation, transnational business law, internet governance and education policy.
Release

Building Global Democracy?

Civil Society and Accountable Global Governance

Author: Jan Aart Scholte

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139498029

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9854

The scale, effectiveness and legitimacy of global governance lag far behind the world's needs. This path-breaking book examines how far civil society involvement provides an answer to these problems. Does civil society make global governance more democratic? Have citizen action groups raised the accountability of global bodies that deal with challenges such as climate change, financial crises, conflict, disease and inequality? What circumstances have promoted (or blocked) civil society efforts to make global governance institutions more democratically accountable? What could improve these outcomes in the future? The authors base their argument on studies of thirteen global institutions, including the UN, G8, WTO, ICANN and IMF. Specialists from around the world critically assess what has and has not worked in efforts to make global bodies answer to publics as well as states. Combining intellectual depth and political relevance, Building Global Democracy? will appeal to students, researchers, activists and policymakers.
Release

European Civil Society on the Road to Success?

Author: Matthias Freise

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 260

View: 6566

This anthology contributes to the ongoing discussion of how and to what extent civil society might provide avenues for the further integration of Europe and for the deepening of European democracy. Its aim is to break the barriers between the traditional division of labour of European governance and national-regional-local oriented social and political research. The authors also place emphasis on the integration of empirical and normative concepts related to the European civil society discourses.
Release

Evaluating Transnational NGOs

Legitimacy, Accountability, Representation

Author: Jens Steffek,Kristina Hahn

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230228719

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

View: 1186

This book provides the reader with a broad overview of the current debate on the evaluation of transnational NGOs, combining the academic with the practitioners perspectives. The contributions to this edited volume deal with the key concepts of legitimacy, accountability and representation, covering a variety of issue areas and NGOs.
Release

World-Regional Social Policy and Global Governance

New Research and Policy Agendas in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America

Author: Bob Deacon,Maria Cristina Macovei,Luk Van Langenhove,Nicola Yeates

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135236623

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 9898

This volume explores the case for and the prospects of the development of world-regional social policies as integral elements of a pluralistic, equitable and effective system of global governance. Focusing on transnational regionalism, this book examines the trajectory and crossing over of the three strands of scholarly analysis within the past decade which have given rise to this volume: the perceived negative impact of neo-liberal globalisation upon national social policy; the need for but the difficulty of securing reforms in the institutions of global social governance; and the increasing salience of the world-regional level of governance in handling cross-border issues. The authors develop an intellectual and research agenda that will also inform the political development of an international programme concerned with the social policy dimensions of regional governance. Combining the perspectives and collective expertise of a team of international scholars and activists, the book features: Theoretical and policy cases for a focus on regionalism and social policy A mapping and analysis of social policy dimensions of regional integration processes and formations in four continents An assessment of the regional dimensions of global agencies, in particular of the UN (ILO, WHO, UNESCO, UNDP) including the approach to regional social policy of the UN Regional Economic Commissions and Development Banks An articulation of a multi-levelled conceptualisation of global social governance within which regional associations of countries plays a significant part. The book will be of interest to students and scholars of social policy, development studies, international relations and political science, especially those focused on the public policy dimensions of globalisation, regionalisation and international development.
Release