Civil Society and the Governance of Development

Opposing Global Institutions

Author: Anders Uhlin,S. Kalm

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137461314

Category: Political Science

Page: 199

View: 325

This book re-conceptualizes civil society engagement with global governance institutions in the field of development in terms of opposition. With an innovative theoretical framework, it maps and explains opposition strategies through detailed case studies on the EU, the Asian Development Bank, and the Global Forum on Migration and Development.

The Governance of Urban Green Spaces in the EU

Social Innovation and Civil Society

Author: Judith Schicklinski

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315403811

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 5964

Across European cities the use of urban space is controversial and subject to diverging interests. On the one hand citizens are increasingly aware of the necessity for self-organising to reclaim green spaces. On the other hand local authorities have started to involve citizens in the governance of urban green spaces. While an increased level of citizen participation and conducive conditions for citizens’ self-organisation are a desirable development per se, the risk of functionalising civil society actors by the local authority for neoliberal city development must be kept in mind. Drawing on qualitative and quantitative data collected in 29 European cities from all four European geographic regions, this book examines the governance of urban green spaces and urban food production, focusing on the contribution of citizen-driven activities. Over the course of the book, Schicklinski identifies best practice examples of successful collaboration between citizens and local government. The book concludes with policy recommendations with great practical value for local governance in European cities in times of the growth-turn. This book will be of great relevance to students, scholars, and policy-makers with an interest in environmental governance, urban geography, and sustainable development.

Civil Society and Governance in Europe

From National to International Linkages

Author: William A. Maloney,Jan W. Van Deth

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848442874

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 1564

The research presented in this book based on new primary data demonstrates that in terms of civil society actors adapting to the European political space the Europeanization process has an uneven development. This innovative book integrates top-down approaches for the study of relationships within the developing EU-multilevel system (i.e., the consequences of Europeanization for civil society at the local level) and bottom-up approaches (i.e., the consequences of civil society for the process of European integration and democracy in the EU). The contributors argue that exploration of these recursive linkages requires a rethinking of the relationships between (local, national, and trans-national) civil society on the one hand, and multi-level governance on the other. In analyzing the opportunities for civil society associations to contribute to European integration and decision-making from various perspectives, the following findings are presented, amongst others: engagement with and confidence in the EU (compared to national institutions) is relatively weak among associational members party elites play a key gatekeeper role in the European space the EU and interest groups have had limited success in stimulating the development of citizen engagement, civil society and social capital in various countries. In the rapidly expanding field of research on democratic decision-making in Europe, this book will be welcomed by academics and scholars alike at postgraduate levels and above. Experts working in the field of European decision-making (such as lawyers and lobbyists) who are looking for conclusions based on high-quality empirical research will also find much in this book to engage them.

The Evolution of Development Thinking

Governance, Economics, Assistance, and Security

Author: William Ascher,Garry D. Brewer,G. Shabbir Cheema,John M. Heffron

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137560398

Category: Political Science

Page: 287

View: 8742

This landmark book offers a comprehensive analysis of how development approaches have evolved since World War II, examining and also evaluating the succession of theories, doctrines, and practices that have been formulated and applied in the Third World and beyond. Covering all developing regions, the book offers an integrated approach for considering the entwined aspects of development: governance, economics, foreign assistance, civil society, and the military. With reference to carefully chosen case studies, the authors offer distinctive explanations for why development approaches fall short and systematically relate the evolution of development thinking to current challenges, identifying the strengths and weaknesses of key institutions and the clashes of institutional interests that have distorted otherwise sound doctrines and negatively affected development practice. In identifying the dynamics that account for shortcomings in past development attempts, and recommending a better integration of doctrines across the entire range of inter-connected development fronts, the book points to how development practice may be improved to better advance human dignity.

The United Nations and civil society

legitimating global governance--whose voice?

Author: Nora McKeon,United Nations Research Institute for Social Development

Publisher: N.A


Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 5175

"The UN is able to recognize key global challenges but is beset by difficulties in trying to resolve them. It represents the current global political balance but is also the only international institution that can move it forward." "Civil society can be a

Civil Society and Governance in China

Author: Jianxing Yu,Sujian Guo

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230340962

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 6051

Civil society and governance have become central concepts in policy practice and academia in China along with the development of decentralization, marketization, and divergent interests. This wide-ranging collection of essays on civil society and governance, written by scholars from both inside and outside China, explores the complex relationship between governance theory and social science disciplines, using both theoretical approaches and empirical case studies based on the development of civil society and governance practice in China.

Democracy, Participation and Contestation

Civil society, governance and the future of liberal democracy

Author: Emmanuelle Avril,Johann N Neem

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317750764

Category: Political Science

Page: 302

View: 9004

The establishment of democracy on both sides of the Atlantic has not been a smooth evolution towards an idealized presumed endpoint. Far from it, democratization has been marked by setbacks and victories, a process often referred to as ‘contested democracy’. In view of recent mobilizations such as the Arab Spring and the Occupy movement, in which new technologies have played a key role, there is a need for a renewed analysis of the long-term evolution of US and UK political systems. Using new areas of research, this book argues that the ideals and the practices of Anglo-American democracy can be best understood by studying diverse forms of participation, which go beyond classical expressions of contestation and dissent such as voting. The authors analyze political parties, social movements, communications and social media, governance, cultural diversity, identity politics, public-private actors and social cohesion to illustrate how the structure and context of popular participation play a significant role in whether, and when, citizens ́ efforts have any meaningful impact on those who exercise political power. In doing so, the authors take crucial steps towards understanding how a vigorous public sphere and popular sovereignty can be made to work in today’s global environment. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political science, British and US history, democracy, political participation, governance, social movements and politics.

Governance and the Depoliticisation of Development

Author: Wil Hout,Richard Robison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113403797X

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 2215

This book is about the way ‘governance’ has become the new orthodoxy of development, following earlier failed attempts at building working market economies through policy reform in developing countries. Considering how its proponents define ‘good governance’, the contributors to this volume assess why programmes of governance building in developing countries have proven to be no less problematic than the previous agendas of market reform. Governance and the Depoliticisation of Development challenges ideas that deeper political and social problems of development may be addressed by institutional or governance fixes. It examines the principles and prescriptions of ‘good’ governance as part of larger conflicts over power and its distribution. The volume provides: a series of case studies from Latin America, Middle East and Asia a link to current theorising on neoliberalism and the post-Washington Consensus a focus on governance at the global and national levels from a comparative perspective The collection will be essential reading for researchers and scholars of international political economy, governance studies and political science.

The Politics of Development in Morocco

Local Governance and Participation in North Africa

Author: Sylvia I. Bergh

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1786721163

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 8880

Since the mid-1990s, Morocco has sought to present itself as a model of genuine and gradual reform, with decentralisation as a key tenet of this. Here, Sylvia Bergh investigates the dynamics of popular participation and local governance, testing the extent to which the current structure builds local capacity, or whether it is, in fact, a tool for ‘soft’ state control. She narrates the realities of local administration and civil society to shed critical light on questions of democratic transition in North Africa. Her assessment of decentralisation and participatory development projects in rural Morocco, and the legal and policy frameworks in which they operate, leads to the conclusion that they have generally not yet led to an expansion of a civil society able to build local capacity or enhance bottom-up empowerment. Grounded in an approach of the ‘anthropology of policy’, this book makes an important contribution to literature on the democratisation, development and governance in North Africa.

Managing the Monster

Urban Waste and Governance in Africa

Author: Adepoju G. Onibokun,International Development Research Centre (Canada)

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 9780889368804

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 7728

Managing the Monster: Urban waste and governance in Africa

Civil Society, the Third Sector and Social Enterprise

Governance and Democracy

Author: Jean-Louis Laville,Dennis R. Young,Philippe Eynaud

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317747135

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 258

View: 9248

If the twentieth century was only focused on the complementarity and the opposition of market and state, the twenty-first century has now to deal with the prominence of the third sector, the emergence of social enterprises and other solidarity hybrid forms. The concept of civil society organisations (CSOs) spans this diversity and addresses this new complexity. The first part of the book highlights the organizational dimensions of CSOs and analyses the growing role of management models and their limits. Too often, the study of CSO governance has been centered on the role of the board and has not sufficiently taken into account the different types of accountability environments. Thus, the conversation about CSO governance rises to the level of networks rather than simple organizations per se, and the role of these networks in setting the agenda in a democratic society. In this perspective, the second part emphasizes the institutional dimensions of CSO governance by opening new avenues on democracy. First, the work of Ostrom about governing the commons provides us new insights to think community self-governance. Second, the work of Habermas and Fraser opens the question of deliberative governance and the role of public sphere to enlarge our vision of CSO governance. Third, the concepts of substantive rationality and economy proposed respectively by Ramos and Polanyi reframe the context in which the question can be addressed. Lastly, this book argues for a stronger intercultural approach useful for the renewal of paradigms in CSOs research. This book has for objective to present a unique collective work in bringing together 33 authors coming from 11 countries to share perpectives on civil society governance and will be of interest to an international audience of researchers and policy-makers.

Civil Society in Asia

In Search of Democracy and Development in Bangladesh

Author: Dr Fahimul Quadir,Professor Yutaka Tsujinaka

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472423313

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 6884

Providing much needed analytical context to explore the theoretical and empirical dimensions of the role of civil society in the democracy and development of Bangladesh, Civil Society in Asia brings together well established international authors to explore key ideas and debates from a wide range of disciplines. Through this the contributors raise intriguing questions about the prospects for liberal democracy and social development in a Muslim majority country.

Civil Society and Regional Governance

The Asian Development Bank and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations

Author: Anders Uhlin

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498517846

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 9947

This book makes important contributions to research on the role of civil society in global and regional governance with an innovative analytical framework covering civil society activism across Southeast Asia and in-depth analysis of civil society attempts to influence the Asian Development Bank and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

Governance and Civil Society in Myanmar

Education, Health, and Environment

Author: Helen James

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415355582

Category: Political Science

Page: 205

View: 8408

Most international attention on Myanmar has focused on the political situation, where the military, in power since 1962, continues to refuse to acknowledge the results of democratic elections, and on related human rights issues. This book, by focusing on education, health and environment, and on the institutions which formulate and deliver policy in these fields, shows how the international community can make a significant difference to strengthening Myanmar's civil society and to supporting a future democratic form of government, by encouraging institutional developments in these fields. Such developments in turn, the author argues, will re-skill the younger generation, promote economic development and poverty alleviation, and, through a participatory approach to policy-making, nurture the conditions from which democracy will grow.

Passage of Change

Law, Society and Governance in the Pacific

Author: Anita Jowitt,Tess Newton Cain

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 1921666897

Category: Political Science

Page: 357

View: 3592

Numerous issues face Pacific states trying to find their way in the early 21st century. Countries are striving to secure the benefits of modernisation. Governance, law and order are needed to reach such a goal, but development cannot be at the price of culture or the environment. The question of how to develop and maintain sound legal systems and legal rules whilst maintaining the unique cultural heritages within the Pacific is a challenge with no easy answer. This interdisciplinary collection locates issues of law and governance within the particular socio-political context of the Pacific island region, presenting sociological, anthropological and political insights alongside jurisprudential analysis. Key issues including corruption, the role of customary law in modern legal systems, the place of human rights in the Pacific, environmental issues and the structure of the state are explored from a variety of perspectives.

NGOs and Governance in the Arab World

Author: Sarah Ben Néfissa,Nabil Abd Al-Fattah,Sari Hanafi,Carlos Milani

Publisher: American Univ in Cairo Press

ISBN: 9789774249044

Category: Political Science

Page: 388

View: 3738

Most non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the Arab world have traditionally been active in the areas of social work and charity, often within a religious or communal framework. But recently, many of these organizations have become the forum for conflicts between different political trends, while others tackle political problems such as human rights or democratic issues. Facing the rejuvenated NGO scene in the Arab world, public authorities remain torn between support for the concerns of civil society and the traditional mode of management, which does not delegate, consult, or decentralize. Can NGOs in the Arab world be considered full-fledged actors of governance and of national and local development? Is the relationship between NGOs and public authorities at the national and local level one of partnership or opposition and competition? Are NGOs perceived to be palliatives to the shortcomings of the public authorities? How is the relationship between NGOs and society to be defined? Do Arab NGOs highlight the issues that remain undetected by the classical methods of action of the public authorities? The studies in this collection, arising out of the Conference on NGOs and Governance in the Arab World held in Cairo in March 2000, attempt to answer these and other areas of concern. Contributors: Sylvia Chiffoleau, Dina Craissati, Guilain Denoeux, Mona Fawaz, Vivian Fouad, Sari Hanafi, Karam Karam, Samir Marcos, Nicola Pratt, Nadia Refat, Pierre-Jean Roca, Muhamad Al-Sayyid Said, Salma Aown Shawa, Abd Al-Ghaffar Shukr.

Legitimacy Beyond the State?

Re-examining the Democratic Credentials of Transnational Actors

Author: E. Erman,A. Uhlin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023028325X

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 2195

Combining case studies with normative theory, this book analyzes the democratic credentials of transnational actors participating in global governance, ranging from corporations and philanthropic foundations to NGOs and social movements. This leads to innovative interpretations of democratic legitimacy in a transnational context.

The Business of Global Environmental Governance

Author: David L. Levy,Peter John Newell

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262621885

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 360

View: 8259

Theoretical and empirical accounts of the role of business in shaping international environmental policies.

Democracy, Constitutionalism, and Politics in Africa

Historical Contexts, Developments, and Dilemmas

Author: Eunice N. Sahle

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137555920

Category: Political Science

Page: 299

View: 8751

This volume explores contemporary political developments in various parts of Africa in the age of democracy, constitutionalism, the securitization of development, and global terrorism. The contributions by leading observers of constitutionalism and African politics in the context of a global political and economic system provide a nuanced understanding of important themes in contemporary African politics: constitutionalism, democratic politics and governance, women’s rights, the African Union, securitization of development, civil society, and debates concerning global terrorism and the war on terror. As such, it will be of great interest to scholars, civil society organizations, and public policy makers interested in contemporary African politics.

Demanding Justice in The Global South

Claiming Rights

Author: Jean Grugel,Jewellord Nem Singh,Lorenza B. Fontana,Anders Uhlin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319388215

Category: Political Science

Page: 210

View: 6598

The politics of claiming rights and strategies of mobilisation exhibited by marginalised social groups lie at the heart of this volume. Theoretically, the authors aims to foster a holistic and multi-faceted understanding of how social and economic justice is claimed, either through formal, corporatist or organised mechanisms, or through ad hoc, informal, or individualised practices, as well as the implications of these distinctive activist strategies. The collection emphasises both the difficulties of political mobilisation and the distinctive methods employed by various social groups across a variety of contexts to respond and overcome these challenges. Crucially, the authors’ approach involves a conceptualisation of social movements and local mobilisation in terms of the language of rights and justice claims-making through more organised as well as everyday political practices. In so doing, the book bridges the literature on contentious politics, the politics of claiming social justice, and everyday politics of resistance.