Civil Society and the Governance of Development

Opposing Global Institutions

Author: Anders Uhlin,S. Kalm

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137461314

Category: Political Science

Page: 199

View: 9613

This book re-conceptualizes civil society engagement with global governance institutions in the field of development in terms of opposition. With an innovative theoretical framework, it maps and explains opposition strategies through detailed case studies on the EU, the Asian Development Bank, and the Global Forum on Migration and Development.
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NGOs and Governance in the Arab World

Author: Sarah Ben Néfissa,Nabil Abd Al-Fattah,Sari Hanafi,Carlos Milani

Publisher: American Univ in Cairo Press

ISBN: 9789774249044

Category: Political Science

Page: 388

View: 2541

Most non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the Arab world have traditionally been active in the areas of social work and charity, often within a religious or communal framework. But recently, many of these organizations have become the forum for conflicts between different political trends, while others tackle political problems such as human rights or democratic issues. Facing the rejuvenated NGO scene in the Arab world, public authorities remain torn between support for the concerns of civil society and the traditional mode of management, which does not delegate, consult, or decentralize. Can NGOs in the Arab world be considered full-fledged actors of governance and of national and local development? Is the relationship between NGOs and public authorities at the national and local level one of partnership or opposition and competition? Are NGOs perceived to be palliatives to the shortcomings of the public authorities? How is the relationship between NGOs and society to be defined? Do Arab NGOs highlight the issues that remain undetected by the classical methods of action of the public authorities? The studies in this collection, arising out of the Conference on NGOs and Governance in the Arab World held in Cairo in March 2000, attempt to answer these and other areas of concern. Contributors: Sylvia Chiffoleau, Dina Craissati, Guilain Denoeux, Mona Fawaz, Vivian Fouad, Sari Hanafi, Karam Karam, Samir Marcos, Nicola Pratt, Nadia Refat, Pierre-Jean Roca, Muhamad Al-Sayyid Said, Salma Aown Shawa, Abd Al-Ghaffar Shukr.
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The Government and Politics of Cyprus

Author: James Ker-Lindsay,Hubert Faustmann

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039110964

Category: Political Science

Page: 293

View: 726

For nearly fifty years, Cyprus has attracted considerable international attention. However, while numerous volumes have been written on the causes and consequences of the conflict between the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities and the many efforts to reunite the island, very little work has been done on the domestic politics and society in the Republic of Cyprus. This volume addresses this major gap in the literature by providing the first comprehensive examination of the institutions of governance and the political environment in Cyprus. As well as focusing on issues such as the presidency, parliament, the legal system, local government and civil society, it also analyses and explains the historical development of politics in Cyprus and the ways in which the conflict between the two communities, the division of the island and, more recently, European Union accession have all affected the conduct of politics and system of government.
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The Business of Global Environmental Governance

Author: David L. Levy,Peter John Newell,Nazli Choucri

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262621885

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 360

View: 6055

Theoretical and empirical accounts of the role of business in shaping international environmental policies.
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GOVERNANCE FOR DEVELOPMENT

ISSUES AND STRATEGIES

Author: PARDEEP SAHNI,UMA MEDURY

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120322045

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 176

View: 8564

This well-presented collection with contributions from academics and administrators reflects the growing concern towards the present-day practice of governance. It focuses on the need for Governance for Sustainable Human Development to manage the country's social as well as economic resources leading to better development-founded on four pillars of Accountability, Transparency, Predictability, and Participation. It thus calls for unfolding various issues and devising suitable strategies towards humane governance through appropriate political, bureaucratic, economic, and legal reforms. Highlighting its theme in the initial chapters in the New Public Management perspective, the book goes on to unravel the major administrative loopholes in Indian administration, such as lack of transparency and accountability, and the stranglehold of corruption, all of which lead to human deprivation. Later chapters give a synoptic overview of administrative reforms so far undertaken in India, and emphasize the effectiveness of governance in establishing appropriate balance in relative roles of public, private and civil society organizations, rights and responsibilities of politicians, bureaucrats and community, and economic and social justice. The book closes on a positive note strongly reiterating administrative re-engineering to meet the challenges of the twenty-first century for ensuring a holistic development of the country. Recent and real life happenings infused in the text to substantiate arguments, make it an interesting reading. The book will be of immense use to the students and teachers of public administration, social science, political science, and those who practise public administration. It will also be useful to a large number of government departments-both at the union and the state levels.
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Civil Society, Religion and Global Governance

Paradigms of Power and Persuasion

Author: Helen James

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134110421

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 9110

This is one of the first books to explore the nexus between civil society, religion, and global governance, their impact on human security and well-being, and significance for current debates in international politics. The contributors examine salient aspects of the secular state whose monopoly on, and control of, institutional violence has reified its use of power to such an extent that the modernistic separation of church and state is being called into question, as institutional limits are sought to the abuse of that power. The volume is clearly divided into six key sections: human security and human rights the politics of civil religion the ethics of civil development civil society and global governance cross-cultural perspectives on institutional development for civil society international civil society. Within these sections the illuminating case studies span a wide geographical extent from Central and Eastern Europe to Egypt, to Latin America, Iran, Bangladesh, Australia, the Pacific and East and Southeast Asia. Civil Society, Religion and Global Governance will be of strong interest to students, policy makers and researchers in the fields of human rights, religion, political science and sociology.
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Governance and Civil Society in Myanmar

Education, Health, and Environment

Author: Helen James

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415355582

Category: Political Science

Page: 205

View: 8239

Most international attention on Myanmar has focused on the political situation, where the military, in power since 1962, continues to refuse to acknowledge the results of democratic elections, and on related human rights issues. This book, by focusing on education, health and environment, and on the institutions which formulate and deliver policy in these fields, shows how the international community can make a significant difference to strengthening Myanmar's civil society and to supporting a future democratic form of government, by encouraging institutional developments in these fields. Such developments in turn, the author argues, will re-skill the younger generation, promote economic development and poverty alleviation, and, through a participatory approach to policy-making, nurture the conditions from which democracy will grow.
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Governance in the New South Africa

The Challenges of Globalisation

Author: Guy C. Z. Mhone,Omano Edigheji

Publisher: Juta and Company Ltd

ISBN: 9781919713878

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 7910

The major challenges confronting South Africa since the advent of non-racial multiparty democracy have been the need to promote democratic governance, economic growth, global competitiveness, and to improve the standard of living of its people, especially the previously disadvantaged majority Black population. These challenges have coincided with the ascendancy of globalisation with its attendant social, economic and political imperatives, all of which have consequences for governance and development at the national level, not least in emerging economies like South Africa. This important book assesses the implications of global imperatives for the nature, capacity, character and scope of democratic governance and the pursuit of equitable development in the new South Africa. A major conclusion is that the implementation of domestic economic reforms predicated on market fundamentalism, with its dominant logic and paradigm of globalisation and economic management, is incompatible and irreconcilable with the quest for democratic governance and equitable development. The contributors contend that such an approach reproduces a substantively undemocratic and inequitable society. Governance in the New South Africa concludes by offering some considerations related to how substantive democracy and equitable development may be promoted in South Africa on the basis of democratic governance and developmentalism.
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Civil Society and Governance in China

Author: J. Yu,Sujian Guo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137092491

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 9460

Written by scholars from both inside and outside China, this wide-ranging collection of essays explores the complexity of the relationship between governance and civil society by combining theoretical exploration and empirical case studies based on the governance practice in China.
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Civil Society and Governance in Europe

From National to International Linkages

Author: William A. Maloney,Jan W. Van Deth

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848442874

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 4588

The research presented in this book based on new primary data demonstrates that in terms of civil society actors adapting to the European political space the Europeanization process has an uneven development. This innovative book integrates top-down approaches for the study of relationships within the developing EU-multilevel system (i.e., the consequences of Europeanization for civil society at the local level) and bottom-up approaches (i.e., the consequences of civil society for the process of European integration and democracy in the EU). The contributors argue that exploration of these recursive linkages requires a rethinking of the relationships between (local, national, and trans-national) civil society on the one hand, and multi-level governance on the other. In analyzing the opportunities for civil society associations to contribute to European integration and decision-making from various perspectives, the following findings are presented, amongst others: engagement with and confidence in the EU (compared to national institutions) is relatively weak among associational members party elites play a key gatekeeper role in the European space the EU and interest groups have had limited success in stimulating the development of citizen engagement, civil society and social capital in various countries. In the rapidly expanding field of research on democratic decision-making in Europe, this book will be welcomed by academics and scholars alike at postgraduate levels and above. Experts working in the field of European decision-making (such as lawyers and lobbyists) who are looking for conclusions based on high-quality empirical research will also find much in this book to engage them.
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Governance and Civic Education

Author: J. D. Ekundayo Thompson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789966961211

Category: Civics

Page: 126

View: 4705

This book contains 13 papers on the socioeconomic development, legal, gender, philosophical, and human rights dimensions of state governance within the context of social, economic, and political processes in Sierra Leone and Kenya. The Political Literacy and Civic Education (PLACE) Project, which was sponsored by the British Overseas Development Administration through the International Community Education Association, is credited with being the book's catalyst. The following papers are included: "Foreword" (S.K. Tororei); "Antecedents of the PLACE Project"; "Conceptualising Civic Education" (S.K. Tororei); "Reflections on Community Education" (Berewa R. Jommo); "Rationale for Political Literacy and Civic Education" (Ekundayo Thompson); "Purpose, Nature, and Scope of Civic Education" (Samuel K. Tororei); "The Development Context of Civic Education" (Ekundayo J.D. Thompson, Margaret Manley); "Civil Society and the Citizen" (Akie Wilson, Joe Sam-King); "Gender, Political Literacy and Civic Education" (Agnes Pessima); "The Constitution of Sierra Leone" (Solomon E. Berewa); "Democracy and the Rights of the Individual" (David G. Thompson); "Political Tolerance--A Prerequisite for Enhanced Democracy in a Multi-Party Environment" (Ahmed Ramadan Dumbuya); "Meaning and Nature of Government" (Walter N. Davies, Peter O. Koroma); "Politics, Political Literacy & Political Participation" (Edward D.A. Turay); "Curriculum for Civic Education" (Ekundayo J.D. Thompson, Joseph Simekha). (MN)
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Funding Virtue

Civil Society Aid and Democracy Promotion

Author: Marina Ottaway,Thomas Carothers

Publisher: Carnegie Endowment

ISBN: 0870031783

Category: Political Science

Page: 359

View: 7173

In recent years the United States and many other international donors have embraced civil society aid as a key tool of democracy promotion. They support thousands of NGOs around the world in the name of civil society development, investing in these organizations high hopes for fostering democratic participation and values. Funding Virtue: Civil Society Aid and Democracy Promotion critically examines this burgeoning field. A diverse, distinguished collection of democracy experts and civil society practitioners from both donor and recipient countries analyze civil society aid in five regions, including country case studies of South Africa, the Philippines, Peru, Egypt, and Romania. The authors focus on crucial issues and dilemmas, such as the relationship between donor conceptions of civil society and local realities, the effects of civil society programs, and how aid can be improved. The book's broad geographic reach, practical focus, and analytic rigor make it an invaluable guide to this vital new area of international affairs.
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Civil Society and Participatory Governance

Municipal Councils and Social Housing Programs in Brazil

Author: Maureen M. Donaghy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415629586

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 6589

Democratic institutions should promote accountability of government officials to the needs of citizens. Civil society plays a role in exposing corruption as well as in communicating the needs of low-income residents to officials. Neither the institutions of representative democracy nor the presence of civil society, however, appears to automatically guarantee adoption of social benefits for the poor. Can democratic institutions be created to address social challenges? Scholars, development practitioners, donors, and activists propose participatory governance institutions as mechanisms to create accountability and responsiveness through a public forum incorporating civil society. To date, however, little comparative research exists to confirm whether these institutions do influence adoption of social policies. Maureen M. Donaghy remedies this gap by combining data from Brazil's 5,564 municipalities with extensive fieldwork from five Brazilian cities to test whether participatory municipal housing councils are associated with an increase in adoption of social housing programs to benefit the poor. Housing represents an issue of critical importance in Brazil and other developing countries where large populations reside in informal settlements in unsafe and insecure conditions. Civil Society and Participatory Governance is the first book of its kind to move the conversation beyond budgeting to other social policy areas, providing fresh theoretical and empirical insights to demonstrate that participatory governance institutions are effective mechanisms to coordinate government officials and civil society to alter policy-making.
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Civil Society and Global Finance

Author: Albrecht Schnabel,Jan Aart Scholte

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134467079

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 2849

This key text brings together twenty activists, officials and researchers from the five continents to discuss this burning question of today's globalization debate. Providing rare, authoritative analyses by those who deal with the issues first hand, Civil Society and Global Finance is rich in insight and policy ideas for decision-makers, students and concerned citizens.
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Engendering Governance Institutions

State, Market and Civil Society

Author: Smita Mishra Panda

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 8178299887

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 1798

The question of engendering has emerged as a dominant theme in the development theory and practice in the past few years, mainly due to partial achievement of the desired goals of development in terms of attaining gender equality and women`s empowerment. Most studies in this regard focus largely on engendering the state institutions. But the context of development has changed in developing countries with the introduction of recent economic reforms. Taking note of the changed scenario, this book broadens the framework of analysis of engendering governance institutions by incorporating the institutions of market and civil society, besides the state, with a special focus on India. This book will prove valuable for university students, researchers, teachers, administrators and social activists engaged in women`s empowerment and other advocacy issues.
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The United Nations and civil society

legitimating global governance--whose voice?

Author: Nora McKeon,United Nations Research Institute for Social Development

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 7036

"The UN is able to recognize key global challenges but is beset by difficulties in trying to resolve them. It represents the current global political balance but is also the only international institution that can move it forward." "Civil society can be a
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Systems Thinking and E-Participation: ICT in the Governance of Society

ICT in the Governance of Society

Author: Cordoba-Pachon, Jose Rodrigo

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1605668613

Category: Computers

Page: 372

View: 7333

The development of information-based societies worldwide is now impacting public organizations and their delivery of services to citizens. Systems Thinking and E-Participation: ICT in the Governance of Society provides a systemic-based inquiry platform to explore boundaries, limits, and advantages of information and communication technology use in the public decision making processes. With theoretical and practical contributions, this publication examines the impact of governmental technologies useful to those involved with politics, sociology, and information systems.
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Territories of Social Responsibility

Opening the Research and Policy Agenda

Author: Dr Patricia Almeida Ashley,Professor David Crowther

Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409484408

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 220

View: 2583

CSR is a fragile concept if conceived only at the organizational level or driven only by leadership will. Many writers deal with aspects of social responsibility, but most deal with it as this kind of organizational and voluntary initiative. Few address the wider policy agenda. The contributors to Territories of Social Responsibility - researchers and practitioners from four continents - all participated in an international workshop co-ordinated by Patricia Almeida Ashley as part of her role as Chair in Development and Equity at the International Institute of Social Studies. They form a policy network contributing to studies on the concept of a multi-actor, multilevel and territorial approach to social responsibility and governance, oriented towards global, regional or local development and equity goals. This book introduces a new conceptual framework and promotes a research and policy agenda relating to it. A new model sees CSR embedded in institutional and legal frameworks, communicated and understood through a vector of communication and knowledge influencing situated culture and social values, and classified into three levels of ethical challenges. All of this can be expressed into the social processes of education, governance, the development of civil society, and policy making - a renovation of the existing perspectives on the concept of social responsibility. This ground breaking book integrates conceptual and empirical contributions and opens a research and policy agenda for the future. It will appeal to academics, higher level students, policy makers, and to leaders of and advisors to organizations affected by social responsibility issues.
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Conflict and Fragility Monitoring the Principles for Good International Engagement in Fragile States and Situations Global Report

Global Report

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264090053

Category:

Page: 82

View: 753

This report looks at ways in which the implementation of the Fragile States Principles does and does not work, based on evidence from the ground across six countries – Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Haiti, Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste.
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