Civil Society and the Governance of Development

Opposing Global Institutions

Author: Anders Uhlin,S. Kalm

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137461314

Category: Political Science

Page: 199

View: 2524

This book re-conceptualizes civil society engagement with global governance institutions in the field of development in terms of opposition. With an innovative theoretical framework, it maps and explains opposition strategies through detailed case studies on the EU, the Asian Development Bank, and the Global Forum on Migration and Development.

Civil Society, Religion and Global Governance

Paradigms of Power and Persuasion

Author: Helen James

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113411043X

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 6200

This is one of the first books to explore the nexus between civil society, religion, and global governance, their impact on human security and well-being, and significance for current debates in international politics. The contributors examine salient aspects of the secular state whose monopoly on, and control of, institutional violence has reified its use of power to such an extent that the modernistic separation of church and state is being called into question, as institutional limits are sought to the abuse of that power. The volume is clearly divided into six key sections: human security and human rights the politics of civil religion the ethics of civil development civil society and global governance cross-cultural perspectives on institutional development for civil society international civil society. Within these sections the illuminating case studies span a wide geographical extent from Central and Eastern Europe to Egypt, to Latin America, Iran, Bangladesh, Australia, the Pacific and East and Southeast Asia. Civil Society, Religion and Global Governance will be of strong interest to students, policy makers and researchers in the fields of human rights, religion, political science and sociology.

Civil Society and Regional Governance

The Asian Development Bank and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations

Author: Anders Uhlin

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498517846

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 7777

This book makes important contributions to research on the role of civil society in global and regional governance with an innovative analytical framework covering civil society activism across Southeast Asia and in-depth analysis of civil society attempts to influence the Asian Development Bank and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

The Business of Global Environmental Governance

Author: David L. Levy,Peter John Newell,Nazli Choucri

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262621885

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 360

View: 6214

Theoretical and empirical accounts of the role of business in shaping international environmental policies.

Governance in the New South Africa

The Challenges of Globalisation

Author: Guy C. Z. Mhone,Omano Edigheji

Publisher: Juta and Company Ltd

ISBN: 9781919713878

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 2370

The major challenges confronting South Africa since the advent of non-racial multiparty democracy have been the need to promote democratic governance, economic growth, global competitiveness, and to improve the standard of living of its people, especially the previously disadvantaged majority Black population. These challenges have coincided with the ascendancy of globalisation with its attendant social, economic and political imperatives, all of which have consequences for governance and development at the national level, not least in emerging economies like South Africa. This important book assesses the implications of global imperatives for the nature, capacity, character and scope of democratic governance and the pursuit of equitable development in the new South Africa. A major conclusion is that the implementation of domestic economic reforms predicated on market fundamentalism, with its dominant logic and paradigm of globalisation and economic management, is incompatible and irreconcilable with the quest for democratic governance and equitable development. The contributors contend that such an approach reproduces a substantively undemocratic and inequitable society. Governance in the New South Africa concludes by offering some considerations related to how substantive democracy and equitable development may be promoted in South Africa on the basis of democratic governance and developmentalism.

Civil Society and Governance in China

Author: J. Yu,Sujian Guo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137092491

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 8164

Written by scholars from both inside and outside China, this wide-ranging collection of essays explores the complexity of the relationship between governance and civil society by combining theoretical exploration and empirical case studies based on the governance practice in China.

Civil Society and Participatory Governance

Municipal Councils and Social Housing Programs in Brazil

Author: Maureen M. Donaghy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136225102

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 7500

Democratic institutions should promote accountability of government officials to the needs of citizens. Civil society plays a role in exposing corruption as well as in communicating the needs of low-income residents to officials. Neither the institutions of representative democracy nor the presence of civil society, however, appears to automatically guarantee adoption of social benefits for the poor. Can democratic institutions be created to address social challenges? Scholars, development practitioners, donors, and activists propose participatory governance institutions as mechanisms to create accountability and responsiveness through a public forum incorporating civil society. To date, however, little comparative research exists to confirm whether these institutions do influence adoption of social policies. Maureen M. Donaghy remedies this gap by combining data from Brazil’s 5,564 municipalities with extensive fieldwork from five Brazilian cities to test whether participatory municipal housing councils are associated with an increase in adoption of social housing programs to benefit the poor. Housing represents an issue of critical importance in Brazil and other developing countries where large populations reside in informal settlements in unsafe and insecure conditions. Civil Society and Participatory Governance is the first book of its kind to move the conversation beyond budgeting to other social policy areas, providing fresh theoretical and empirical insights to demonstrate that participatory governance institutions are effective mechanisms to coordinate government officials and civil society to alter policy-making.

China's Opening Society

The Non-State Sector and Governance

Author: Zheng Yongnian,Joseph Fewsmith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134056877

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 7000

Despite its recent rapid economic growth, China’s political system has remained resolutely authoritarian. However, an increasingly open economy is creating the infrastructure for an open society, with the rise of a non-state sector in which a private economy, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and different forms of social forces are playing an increasingly powerful role in facilitating political change and promoting good governance. This book examines the development of the non-state sector and NGOs in China since the onset of reform in the late 1970s. It explores the major issues facing the non-state sector in China today, assesses the institutional barriers that are faced by its developing civil society, and compares China’s example with wider international experience. It shows how the ‘get-rich-quick’ ethos of the Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin years, that prioritised rapid GDP growth above all else, has given way under the Jiantao Hu regime to a renewed concern with social reforms, in areas such as welfare, medical care, education, and public transportation. It demonstrates how this change has led to encouragement by the Hu government of the development of the non-state sector as a means to perform regulatory functions and to achieve effective provision of public and social services. It explores the tension between the government’s desire to keep the NGOs as "helping hands’ rather than as autonomous, independent organizations, and their ability to perform these roles successfully.

Governance and the Depoliticisation of Development

Author: Wil Hout,Richard Robison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113403797X

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 6114

This book is about the way ‘governance’ has become the new orthodoxy of development, following earlier failed attempts at building working market economies through policy reform in developing countries. Considering how its proponents define ‘good governance’, the contributors to this volume assess why programmes of governance building in developing countries have proven to be no less problematic than the previous agendas of market reform. Governance and the Depoliticisation of Development challenges ideas that deeper political and social problems of development may be addressed by institutional or governance fixes. It examines the principles and prescriptions of ‘good’ governance as part of larger conflicts over power and its distribution. The volume provides: a series of case studies from Latin America, Middle East and Asia a link to current theorising on neoliberalism and the post-Washington Consensus a focus on governance at the global and national levels from a comparative perspective The collection will be essential reading for researchers and scholars of international political economy, governance studies and political science.

Conflict and Fragility Monitoring the Principles for Good International Engagement in Fragile States and Situations Global Report

Global Report

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264090053


Page: 82

View: 3420

This report looks at ways in which the implementation of the Fragile States Principles does and does not work, based on evidence from the ground across six countries – Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Haiti, Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste.

Civil Society-based Governance in Africa

Theories and Practices : a Case Study of Senegal

Author: Mbaye Lo

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: 9994296833

Category: Political Science

Page: 211

View: 2802

This book examines the liberal conception of civil society and its applicability to the context of Africa. Although it acknowledges the reality of civil society as a paradigmatic way of thinking about democracy and good governance, it questions the conception of civil society and its use for development in Africa. The book argues that if the concept of civil society is to be successful, it has to capture fully and correctly most aspects of Africa's associational life without leaving out major portions of the socio-political mosaic. Only then, can the concept of civil society be a legitimate tool for recognizing groups and associations and organizing their problems and claims for a sustainable democracy. The African experience is different from the liberal context of civil society. The liberal argument of civil society springs from the Western conception of state-society relationships. In this convention, power, authoritarianism and exploitation are the exclusive property of the state, while society belongs to the realm of freedom, rights, and liberty To examine this argument, this study uses Senegal as a case study to explore how the idiosyncrasy of societal development in this country has constructed and produced different types of associational life and how they fit within the liberal conception of civil society. Senegal was selected as an ideal case because it is widely regarded as a vibrant model of civil society and democracy. In essence, the question is whether the civil society that exists in Senegal conforms to the liberal argument of civil. The findings reveal that, in Senegal, civil society differs in many forms from the liberal propositions.

Engendering Governance Institutions

State, Market and Civil Society

Author: Smita Mishra Panda

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 8178299887

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 5278

The question of engendering has emerged as a dominant theme in the development theory and practice in the past few years, mainly due to partial achievement of the desired goals of development in terms of attaining gender equality and women`s empowerment. Most studies in this regard focus largely on engendering the state institutions. But the context of development has changed in developing countries with the introduction of recent economic reforms. Taking note of the changed scenario, this book broadens the framework of analysis of engendering governance institutions by incorporating the institutions of market and civil society, besides the state, with a special focus on India. This book will prove valuable for university students, researchers, teachers, administrators and social activists engaged in women`s empowerment and other advocacy issues.

Sustainable Development in World Trade Law

Author: Markus W. Gehring,Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041123660

Category: Law

Page: 735

View: 9764

In Johannesburg at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002, over one hundred and eighty states assumed a collective responsibility to advance and strengthen the interdependent and mutually reinforcing pillars of sustainable development economic development, social development, an environmental protection at the local, national, regional and global levels. This remarkable collection of papers, sponsored by the Centre for International Sustainable Development Law (CISDL), demonstrates that sustainable development serves as a unifying concept with the potential to facilitate much-needed respect for international law and timely implementation of diverse and overlapping international commitments. It builds on the substance of a rich and complex debate at the intersections among economic, social, and environmental law, bringing together a broad cross-section of viewpoints and voices. The authors review recent developments in WTO discussions and negotiations, and in the recent decisions of the WTO Appellate Body, from a sustainable development law perspective. They also survey relevant new developments in trade and economic agreements at regional, inter-regional and bi-lateral levels. The various essays focus on sustainable development aspects of key issues in recent trade negotiations such as the Singapore Issues (investment, competition, trade facilitation, and government procurement), intellectual property rights, investment arbitration and the linkage between the WTO and multilateral environmental accords, (MEAand¿s).. Among the specific topics covered are the following: Emerging areas of law and policy in trade and sustainable development, The underlying development agendas in global trade law negotiations, Cooperation and potential negotiation on international competition law, Sustainable development aspects of intellectual property rights negotiations, Overlaps between multilateral environmental accords (MEAand¿s) and the WTO, Recent developments in WTO dispute settlement procedures and proceedings, Human rights and environmental opportunities from trade liberalisation and increased market acces, Human rights and environment impact assessment techniques used to analyse trade agreements, Recent developments in bi-lateral and regional trade agreements. Trade, investment, and competition law practitioners and negotiators in developed and developing countries will find this book of great value, as will development and environment law professionals with responsibility for trade and WTO law related matters. With rich contributions from leading trade law practitioners, academics, and WTO panel and appellate body roster members, Sustainable Developments in World Trade Law offers a constructive, timely and accessible expert analysis of recent discussions and advances in the field, providing an integrated and essential guide to some of the most important issues in international economic law today.

Rule of Law Dynamics

In an Era of International and Transnational Governance

Author: Michael Zurn,Andre Nollkaemper,Randy Peerenboom

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107024714

Category: Law

Page: 380

View: 1918

This volume explores the various strategies, mechanisms, and processes that influence rule of law dynamics across borders and the national/international divide, illuminating the diverse paths of influence. It shows to what extent, and how, rule of law dynamics have changed in recent years, especially at the transnational and international levels of government. To explore these interactive dynamics, the volume adopts an interdisciplinary approach, bringing together the normative perspective of law with the analytical perspective of social sciences. The volume contributes to several fields, including studies of rule of law, law and development, and good governance; democratization; globalization studies; neo-institutionalism and judicial studies; international law, transnational governance, and the emerging literature on judicial reforms in authoritarian regimes; and comparative law (Islamic, African, Asian, Latin American legal systems).

Governance and Civil Society in Myanmar

Education, Health and Environment

Author: Helen James

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134253990

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 8254

Most international attention on Myanmar has focused on the political situation, where the military, in power since 1962, continues to refuse to acknowledge the results of democratic elections, and on related human rights issues. This book, by focusing on education, health and environment, and on the institutions which formulate and deliver policy in these fields, shows how the international community can make a significant difference to strengthening Myanmar's civil society and to supporting a future democratic form of government, by encouraging institutional developments in these fields. Such developments in turn, the author argues, will re-skill the younger generation, promote economic development and poverty alleviation, and, through a participatory approach to policy-making, nurture the conditions from which democracy will grow.

Participatory Governance and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

Publication Based on the Expert Group Meeting on Engaged Governance: Citizen Participation in the Implementation of the Developmental Goals Including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), 1-2 November 2006, New York

Author: N.A

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211231779

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 8880

This publication represents a useful resource on citizen participation in governance and its role in effective realization of the internationally agreed development goals encapsulated in the MDG targets. The discussions contained herein should provide impetus for further dialogue among both government and civil leaders

Is Good Governance Good for Development?

Author: Anisuzzaman (Anis) Chowdhury

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1780932502

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 3266

While good governance is a worthy goal by itself, it is not a prerequisite for economic growth or development. This volume challenges the conventional good governance paradigm favoured by the donor community. It exposes the methodological shortcomings of the commonly used governance indicators developed within the World Bank. It highlights the conceptual limitations or lack of clarity of good governance and debunks the central plank of the good governance hypothesis that good governance causes economic growth. The volume demonstrates that good governance can mean many things, and countries possessing features of good governance can be different both structurally and institutionally. Countries that are developed now did not have the ideal features of good governance - these features evolved with economic growth.

The Urban Part of Rural Development

The Role of Small and Intermediate Urban Centres in Rural and Regional Development and Poverty Reduction

Author: David Satterthwaite,Cecilia Tacoli

Publisher: IIED

ISBN: 1843694352

Category: Agriculture

Page: 68

View: 1700