Citizenship in European Cities

Immigrants, Local Politics and Integration Policies

Author: Karen Kraal,Steven Vertovec

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351951408

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 7710

There are relatively few books that provide comparative analysis of European cities in relation to immigrants and political participation. This fresh and insightful volume, from the same team that published Multicultural Policies and Modes of Citizenship in European Cities in 2001, analyzes how the presence of immigrants is perceived in politics, how this affects their status and how far minorities are able to (politically) participate in European cities. The comparative studies address the influence of (minority) politics, as well as that of migrant mediators and ethnic organizations on the participation of minorities. There are a variety of case studies from northern and southern Europe, offering insights into countries that differ in their modes of citizenship. The volume will be of specific interest to scholars, researchers and policy makers in migration, citizenship and multiculturalism, as well as a more general audience of sociologists, political sociologists, political scientists, anthropologists and social geographers.
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Multicultural Policies and Modes of Citizenship in European Cities

Author: Alisdair Rogers,Jean Tillie

Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780754615552

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 1930

Globalization is a dominant feature of the end of the 20th century. One phenomenon characterizing the contemporary world is the increase in international population movements. These massive population flows have been facilitated by a series of factors, such as the development of communication, transport, technologies and global networks which have significantly contributed to the increased immigration of refugee workers and their families to developed countires - particularly to Western European countries.
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The New Muslim Elites in European Cities

Religion and Active Social Citizenship Amongst Young Organized Muslims in Brussels and London

Author: Konrad Pedziwiatr

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783639270266

Category: Cultural pluralism

Page: 476

View: 772

Islam in Western Europe ceases to be a religion of immigrants and is beginning to emerge as a religion of European born citizens. As a result of the acts of violence committed by Muslim believers on the continent and elsewhere there has been increased focus on Muslims in Europe, however, very little attention has been paid to the exploration of various dimensions of citizenship of young European Muslims. The book aims to fill this gap by uncovering what the emerging Muslim religious brokers or members of the new Muslim elites mean when they describe themselves as 'Muslim citizens' and by exploring relations between Islam and citizenship in two urban/national settings: one in which Muslims are mostly perceived as individuals (Brussels/Belgium) and one in which they are usually viewed as members of religious, ethnic or other social groups (London/Britain). It argues that the shift in the mobilisation of Islam in Europe from a politics of Muslim identity to the politics of Muslim citizenship is closely linked with the development of a civic consciousness among certain segments of the Muslim populations. The book is a must read for all students of European societies and their 'Islams'.
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Dual Citizenship in Europe

From Nationhood to Societal Integration

Author: Thomas Faist

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317147642

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 703

In an age of terrorism and securitized immigration, dual citizenship is of central theoretical and political concern. The contributors to this timely volume examine policies regarding dual citizenship across Europe, covering a wide spectrum of countries. The case studies explore the negotiated character and boundaries of political membership and the fundamental beliefs and arguments within distinct political cultures and institutional settings which have shaped debates and policies on citizenship. The analyses explore the similarities and differences in the politics of dual citizenship, to identify the dominant terms of public debates within and across selected immigration and emigration states in Europe. The research demonstrates that policies on dual citizenship are not simply explained by different concepts of nationhood. Instead, concepts of societal integration, which may well be contested in a given polity, are extremely influential.
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Sustainability Citizenship in Cities

Theory and practice

Author: Ralph Horne,John Fien,Beau B. Beza,Anitra Nelson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317391071

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 242

View: 5614

Urban sustainability citizenship situates citizens as social change agents with an ethical and self-interested stake in living sustainably with the rest of Earth. Such citizens not only engage in sustainable household practices but respect the importance of awareness raising, discussion and debates on sustainability policies for the common good and maintenance of Earth’s ecosystems. Sustainability Citizenship in Cities seeks to explain how sustainability citizenship can manifest in urban built environments as both responsibilities and rights. Contributors elaborate on the concept of urban sustainability citizenship as a participatory work-in-progress with the aim of setting its practice firmly on the agenda. This collection will prompt practitioners and researchers to rethink contemporary mobilisations of urban citizens challenged by various environmental crises, such as climate change, in various socio-economic settings. This book is a valuable resource for students, academics and professionals working in various disciplines and across a range of interdisciplinary fields, such as: urban environment and planning, citizenship as practice, environmental sociology, contemporary politics and governance, environmental philosophy, media and communications, and human geography.
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The Routledge Handbook of the Governance of Migration and Diversity in Cities

Author: Tiziana Caponio,Peter Scholten,Ricard Zapata-Barrero

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135110845X

Category: Political Science

Page: 380

View: 6517

How have immigration and diversity shaped urban life and local governance? The Routledge Handbook to the Governance of Migration and Diversity in Cities focuses on the ways migration and diversity have transformed cities, and how cities have responded to the challenges and opportunities offered. Strengthening the relevance of the city as a crucial category for the study of migration policy and migration flows, the book is divided into five parts: • Migration, history and urban life • Local politics and political participation • Local policies of migration and diversity • Superdiverse cities • Divided cities and border cities. Grounded in the European debate on "the local turn" in the study of migration policy, as contrasted to the more traditional focus on the nation-state, the handbook also brings together contributions from North America, South America, Asia and the Middle East and contributors from a wide range of disciplines. It is a valuable resource for students and scholars working in political science, policy studies, history, sociology, urban studies and geography.
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On Line Citizenship

Emerging Technologies for European Cities

Author: Eleonora Maria,Stefano Micelli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387235493

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 214

View: 3002

On Line Citizenship discusses the evolutionary trends of cities in terms of e-government in the present and future technological scenario. The focus is on the transformation of the relationships between city administrations and citizens due to Information and Communication Technology. On a broad perspective, the book intends to present opportunities and threats in the development of on line citizenship in the framework of the European Union. On Line Citizenship gathers original contributions and documents presented at the International Conference On Line Citizenship - Emerging Technologies for European Cities promoted by Telecities-Eurocities and the City of Venice in co-operation with Venice International University and sponsored by SUN Microsystems, held in Venice, May 30-31, 2003. The work is complemented by multimedia presentations and speeches from the conference, available at http://it.sun.com/eventi/online_citizenship (reserved area).
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Minorities in European Cities

The Dynamics of Social Integration and Social Exclusion at the Neighbourhood Level

Author: S. Body-Gendrot,M. Martiniello

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349628417

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 262

View: 6244

Minorities in European Cities examines the issues pertaining to the dynamics of social integration and social exclusion of immigrant minorities at the neighbour-hood level. The book looks at the question of the participation and exclusion of migrants in the field of economics . The study focuses on social relations at the neighbourhood level and their impact on the exclusion/inclusion process as well as forms of political exclusion of migrant origin population in the local politics and policy-making processes. Finally, Minorities in European Cities examines the ways in which conceptions of law and order and security, as well as the local institutional praxis they engender, effect exclusion/inclusion opportunities.
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Local Citizenship in Recent Countries of Immigration

Japan in Comparative Perspective

Author: Takeyuki Tsuda

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739111932

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 2679

Since the late 1980s, Japan has been experiencing significant levels of immigration primarily from Asian and Latin American countries due to severe domestic labor shortages. Local Citizenship in Recent Countries of Immigration, examines the various dimensions of local citizenship in Japan, with comparative studies from South Korea, Italy, and Spain.
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Innovation and Creativity in Late Medieval and Early Modern European Cities

Author: Karel Davids,Bert De Munck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317116526

Category: History

Page: 438

View: 5614

Late medieval and early modern cities are often depicted as cradles of artistic creativity and hotbeds of new material culture. Cities in renaissance Italy and in seventeenth and eighteenth-century northwestern Europe are the most obvious cases in point. But, how did this come about? Why did cities rather than rural environments produce new artistic genres, new products and new techniques? How did pre-industrial cities evolve into centres of innovation and creativity? As the most urbanized regions of continental Europe in this period, Italy and the Low Countries provide a rich source of case studies, as the contributors to this volume demonstrate. They set out to examine the relationship between institutional arrangements and regulatory mechanisms such as citizenship and guild rules and innovation and creativity in late medieval and early modern cities. They analyze whether, in what context and why regulation or deregulation influenced innovation and creativity, and what the impact was of long-term changes in the political and economic sphere.
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El Alto, Rebel City

Self and Citizenship in Andean Bolivia

Author: Sian Lazar

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822341543

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 3310

El Alto, Rebel City combines ethnography and political theory to explore the astonishing political power exercised by the indigenous citizens of El Alto, Bolivia in the past decade.
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Citizens without Nations

Urban Citizenship in Europe and the World, c.1000-1789

Author: Maarten Prak

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107504158

Category: History

Page: 380

View: 8497

Citizenship is at the heart of our contemporary world but it is a particular vision of national citizenship forged in the French Revolution. In Citizens without Nations, Maarten Prak recovers the much longer tradition of urban citizenship across the medieval and early modern world. Ranging from Europe and the American colonies to China and the Middle East, he reveals how the role of 'ordinary people' in urban politics has been systematically underestimated and how civic institutions such as neighbourhood associations, craft guilds, confraternities and civic militias helped shape local and state politics. By destroying this local form of citizenship, the French Revolution initially made Europe less, rather than more democratic. Understanding citizenship's longer-term history allows us to change the way we conceive of its future, rethink what it is that makes some societies more successful than others, and whether there are fundamental differences between European and non-European societies.
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Social Capital, Political Participation and Migration in Europe

Making Multicultural Democracy Work?

Author: L. Morales,M. Giugni

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230302467

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 4840

How can European societies more effectively promote the active engagement of immigrants and their children in the political and civic life of the countries where they live? This book examines the effect of migrants' individual attributes and resources, their social capital and the political opportunities on their political integration.
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The European Union: A Citizen's Guide

Author: Chris Bickerton

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141983108

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4154

The essential Pelican introduction to the European Union - its history, its politics, and its role today For most of us today, 'Europe' refers to the European Union. At the centre of a seemingly never-ending crisis, the EU remains a black box, closed to public understanding. Is it a state? An empire? Is Europe ruled by Germany or by European bureaucrats? Does a single European economy exist after all these years of economic integration? And should the EU have been awarded the Nobel peace prize in 2012? Critics tell us the EU undermines democracy. Are they right? In this provocative volume, political scientist Chris Bickerton provides an answer to all these key questions and more at a time when understanding what the EU is and what it does is more important than ever before.
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City, Street and Citizen

The Measure of the Ordinary

Author: Suzanne Hall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136310614

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 9289

How can we learn from a multicultural society if we don’t know how to recognise it? The contemporary city is more than ever a space for the intense convergence of diverse individuals who shift in and out of its urban terrains. The city street is perhaps the most prosaic of the city’s public parts, allowing us a view of the very ordinary practices of life and livelihoods. By attending to the expressions of conviviality and contestation, ‘City, Street and Citizen’ offers an alternative notion of ‘multiculturalism’ away from the ideological frame of nation, and away from the moral imperative of community. This book offers to the reader an account of the lived realities of allegiance, participation and belonging from the base of a multi-ethnic street in south London. ‘City, Street and Citizen’ focuses on the question of whether local life is significant for how individuals develop skills to live with urban change and cultural and ethnic diversity. To animate this question, Hall has turned to a city street and its dimensions of regularity and propinquity to explore interactions in the small shop spaces along the Walworth Road. The city street constitutes exchange, and as such it provides us with a useful space to consider the broader social and political significance of contact in the day-to-day life of multicultural cities. Grounded in an ethnographic approach, this book will be of interest to academics and students in the fields of sociology, global urbanisation, migration and ethnicity as well as being relevant to politicians, policy makers, urban designers and architects involved in cultural diversity, public space and street based economies.
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Citizenship and Immigration

Author: Christian Joppke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745658393

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 1869

This incisive book provides a succinct overview of the new academic field of citizenship and immigration, as well as presenting a fresh and original argument about changing citizenship in our contemporary human rights era. Instead of being nationally resilient or in “postnational” decline, citizenship in Western states has continued to evolve, converging on a liberal model of inclusive citizenship with diminished rights implications and increasingly universalistic identities. This convergence is demonstrated through a sustained comparison of developments in North America, Western Europe and Australia. Topics covered in the book include: recent trends in nationality laws; what ethnic diversity does to the welfare state; the decline of multiculturalism accompanied by the continuing rise of antidiscrimination policies; and the new state campaigns to “upgrade” citizenship in the post-2001 period. Sophisticated and informative, and written in a lively and accessible style, this book will appeal to upper-level students and scholars in sociology, political science, and immigration and citizenship studies.
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Limits of Citizenship

Migrants and Postnational Membership in Europe

Author: Yasemin Nuhoglu Soysal

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226768427

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 9114

3. Explaining incorporation regimes
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The Changing Face of World Cities

Young Adult Children of Immigrants in Europe and the United States

Author: Maurice Crul,John Mollenkopf

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610447913

Category: Social Science

Page: 324

View: 6256

A seismic population shift is taking place as many formerly racially homogeneous cities in the West attract a diverse influx of newcomers seeking economic and social advancement. In The Changing Face of World Cities, a distinguished group of immigration experts presents the first systematic, data-based comparison of the lives of young adult children of immigrants growing up in seventeen big cities of Western Europe and the United States. Drawing on a comprehensive set of surveys, this important book brings together new evidence about the international immigrant experience and provides far-reaching lessons for devising more effective public policies. The Changing Face of World Cities pairs European and American researchers to explore how youths of immigrant origin negotiate educational systems, labor markets, gender, neighborhoods, citizenship, and identity on both sides of the Atlantic. Maurice Crul and his co-authors compare the educational trajectories of second-generation Mexicans in Los Angeles with second-generation Turks in Western European cities. In the United States, uneven school quality in disadvantaged immigrant neighborhoods and the high cost of college are the main barriers to educational advancement, while in some European countries, rigid early selection sorts many students off the college track and into dead-end jobs. Liza Reisel, Laurence Lessard-Phillips, and Phil Kasinitz find that while more young members of the second generation are employed in the United States than in Europe, they are also likely to hold low-paying jobs that barely life them out of poverty. In Europe, where immigrant youth suffer from higher unemployment, the embattled European welfare system still yields them a higher standard of living than many of their American counterparts. Turning to issues of identity and belonging, Jens Schneider, Leo Chávez, Louis DeSipio, and Mary Waters find that it is far easier for the children of Dominican or Mexican immigrants to identify as American, in part because the United States takes hyphenated identities for granted. In Europe, religious bias against Islam makes it hard for young people of Turkish origin to identify strongly as German, French, or Swedish. Editors Maurice Crul and John Mollenkopf conclude that despite the barriers these youngsters encounter on both continents, they are making real progress relative to their parents and are beginning to close the gap with the native-born. The Changing Face of World Cities goes well beyong existing immigration literature focused on the United States experience to show that national policies on each side of the Atlantic can be enriched by lessons from the other. The Changing Face of World Cities will be vital reading for anyone interested in the young people who will shape the future of our increasingly interconnected global economy.
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Social Exclusion in European Cities

Processes, Experiences, and Responses

Author: Ali Madanipour,Göran Cars,Judith Allen

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0117023728

Category: Architecture

Page: 301

View: 8995

Across Europe concern is rising over the disintegration of social relations and the growing number of people who are being socially excluded. social Exclustoin in European Cities, the first major study of this topic, provides a definition of social exclusion and looks at both the processes which cause it and the dimensions of the problem throughout Europe. The experiences of people living in areas or neighbourhoods with low rates of social integration are considered, illuminating the human impact of exclusion where it is most visible. Finally the contributors evaluate the various policy and community initiatives which are currently confronting the problem in a wide sample of European Cities on a variety of levels, from inform individual actions to supra-national European Union policy, and suggest new ways in which social exclusion could be tackled. With most large cities experiencing some degree of social exclusion, this is an important volume for all those working in the areas of regional policy, town planning, housing management, social work, community development, sociology, political science and urban studies.
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