Cinema, Audiences and Modernity

New Perspectives on European Cinema History

Author: Daniel Biltereyst,Chairman of the School of American and Commonwealth Studies Richard Maltby, Jr,Richard Maltby,Philippe Meers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136642005

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 843

This book sheds new light on the cinema and modernity debate by confronting established theories on the role of the modern cinematic experience with new empirical work on the history of the social experience of cinema-going, film audiences and film exhibition. The book provides a wide range of research methodologies and perspectives on these matters, including: the use of oral history methods questionnaires diaries audience letters as well as industrial, sociological and other accounts on historical film audiences. The collection’s case studies thus provide a "how to" compendium of current methodologies for researchers and students working on film and media audiences, film and media experiences, and historical reception. The volume is part of a ‘new cinema history’ effort within film and screen studies to look at film history not only as a history of production, textual relations or movies-as-artefacts, but rather to concentrate more on the receiving end, the social experience of cinema, and the engagement of film/cinema (history) ‘from below’. The contributions to the volume reflect upon the very different ways in which cinema has been accepted, rejected or disciplined as an agent of modernity in neighbouring parts of Europe, and how cinema-going has been promoted and regulated as a popular social practice at different times in twentieth-century European history.
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The Great Gun of the Lantern.

Lichtbildereinsatz sozialer Organisationen in Großbritannien (1875-1914)

Author: Karen Eifler

Publisher: Schüren Verlag

ISBN: 3741000701

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 3838

Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts erfreuten sich öffentliche Lichtbildvorträge als Mittel der Belehrung und Agitation großer Beliebtheit. Mutterland dieser Medieninszenierung ist Großbritannien, wo eine eigene Wirtschaftsbranche mit Produktionsfirmen, Vertriebsstrukturen und kommerziellen wie nichtkommerziellen Anbietern von unterhaltsamen Shows und lehrreichen Vorführungen entstand. In britischen Groß- und Mittelstädten sind lantern lectures (Lichtbildervorträge) ein fester Bestandteil des Angebots öffentlicher Bildungsveranstaltungen. Soziale Organisationen, die in der Armenfürsorge und Armutsprävention tätig sind, setzen Projektionsaufführungen gezielt zur Propagierung ihrer Ziele, zur Mitgliederwerbung und zum Spendensammeln ein. Der Reiz dieses neuen Mediums wurde noch gesteigert mit festlichen Umzügen und multisensorischen Darbietungen wie der Kostümierung der Vortragenden und Operateure oder der Verabreichung von Speisen und Getränken nebst gemeinsamen Singen. Als "Great Gun", als großartige "Bilderkanone" (S. 291) zur Bekämpfung von Armut bzw. der durch Armut drohenden ,Sünde' bewährte sich der bildwerfende Projektor also nicht nur über die projizierten Bilder, sondern ganz wesentlich im szenischen Verbund mit sozialen Praktiken wie Umzügen, Gottesdiensten, Speisungen und gemeinsamem Singen. Die Autorin untersucht diese Medienpraktik am Beispiel von zwei christlichen Organisationen der Temperenzbewegung (United Kingdom Band of Hope Union und Church of England Temperance Society), drei Organisationen christlicher Mission und Unterweisung (Sunday School Union, Church Army, Salvation Army) sowie zwei säkulare sozialpolitische Organisation (Co-operative Movement und Clarion Movement). Sie leistet damit Pionierarbeit bei der Erforschung eines bisher wenig beachteten visuellen Massenmediums.
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Explorations in New Cinema History

Approaches and Case Studies

Author: Richard Maltby,Daniel Biltereyst,Philippe Meers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444396404

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 352

View: 4107

Explorations in New Cinema History brings together cutting-edge research by the leading scholars in the field to identify new approaches to writing and understanding the social and cultural history of cinema, focusing on cinema’s audiences, the experience of cinema, and the cinema as a site of social and cultural exchange. Includes contributions from Robert Allen, Annette Kuhn, John Sedwick, Mark Jancovich, Peter Sanfield, and Kathryn Fuller-Seeley among others Develops the original argument that the social history of cinema-going and of the experience of cinema should take precedence over production- and text-based analyses Explores the cinema as a site of social and cultural exchange, including patterns of popularity and taste, the role of individual movie theatres in creating and sustaining their audiences, and the commercial, political and legal aspects of film exhibition and distribution Prompts readers to reassess their understanding of key periods of cinema history, opening up cinema studies to long-overdue conversations with other disciplines in the humanities and social sciences Presents rigorous empirical research, drawing on digital technology and geospatial information systems to provide illuminating insights in to the uses of cinema
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Landmedien

Kulturhistorische Perspektiven auf das Verhältnis von Medialität und Ruralität im 20. Jahrhundert

Author: Clemens Zimmermann,Gunther Mahlerwein,Aline Maldener

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3706559110

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 2427

Der vorliegende Band thematisiert die oftmals unterschätzte Geschichte der Landmedien im 20. Jahrhundert in verschiedenen europäischen Kontexten. Das Spektrum der in diesem Band untersuchten Einzelmedien reicht von der Fotografie über Postkarten und Fahrradkarten bis zum Kino und Fernsehen. Es wird der im 20. Jahrhundert wachsenden und überraschend starken Präsenz von Medien auf dem Land nachgegangen und gezeigt, dass ländliche Kommunikationsweisen stark medialisiert waren, sich indes wichtige Charakteristika ländlicher Soziabilität behaupteten. In hohem Maße wurden und werden Bilder von Ländlichkeit durch öffentliche und private Medien erstellt und weiterverbreitet, auch in die ländlichen Gesellschaften hinein. Romantisierend-idealisierende Aspekte, Nostalgie, Idylle, Utopie und immer noch dichotomisch angelegte Vorstellungen von Stadt und Land kennzeichnen eine solche medial hergestellte Ruralität. Medialität und Ruralität, so die Gesamtthese dieses Bandes, erweisen sich als zentrale Kategorien ländlicher Gesellschaftsanalyse. Dabei wird deutlich, dass sich im Zusammenhang ländlicher Gesellschaften und Publika aktive Aneignungsprozesse vollzogen und vollziehen. Die Kommunikations- und Medienanalyse sollte folglich, wie das hier geschieht, nicht allein von den jeweiligen Produkten ausgehen, sondern soziale Praktiken einbeziehen.
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Storytelling in World Cinemas

Forms

Author: Lina Khatib

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231850077

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 240

View: 2051

Storytelling in World Cinemas, Vol. 1: Forms is an innovative collection of essays that discuss how different cinemas of the world tell stories. The book locates European, Asian, African, and Latin American films within their wider cultural and artistic frameworks, showing how storytelling forms in cinema are infused with influences from other artistic, literary, and oral traditions. This volume also reconsiders cinematic storytelling in general, highlighting the hybridity of 'national' forms of storytelling, calling for a rethinking of African cinematic storytelling that goes beyond oral traditions, and addressing films characterised by 'non-narration'. This study is the first in a two-volume project, with the second focusing on the contexts of cinematic storytelling.
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Moralizing Cinema

Film, Catholicism, and Power

Author: Daniel Biltereyst,Daniela Treveri Gennari

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134668384

Category: Art

Page: 312

View: 2277

This volume is part of the recent interest in the study of religion and popular media culture (cinema in particular), but it strongly differs from most of this work in this maturing discipline. Contrary to most other edited volumes and monographs on film and religion, Moralizing Cinema will not focus upon films (cf. the representation of biblical figures, religious themes in films, the fidelity question in movies), but rather look beyond the film text, content or aesthetics, by concentrating on the cinema-related actions, strategies and policies developed by the Catholic Church and Catholic organizations in order to influence cinema. Whereas the key role of Catholics in cinema has been well studied in the USA (cf. literature on the Legion of Decency and on the Catholic influenced Production Code Administration), the issue remains unexplored for other parts of the world. The book includes case studies on Argentina, Belgium, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, the Netherlands, and the USA.
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Cinema and Modernity

Author: Murray Pomerance

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813538167

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 373

View: 4404

Brings together several essays by seventeen scholars to explore the complexity of the essential connection between film and modernity. This volume shows us the significant ways that film has both grown in the context of the modern world and played a central role in reflecting and shaping our interactions with it.
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South African National Cinema

Author: Jacqueline Maingard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135124035

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 240

View: 9169

South African National Cinema examines how cinema in South Africa represents national identities, particularly with regard to race. This significant and unique contribution establishes interrelationships between South African cinema and key points in South Africa’s history, showing how cinema figures in the making, entrenching and undoing of apartheid. This study spans the twentieth century and beyond through detailed analyses of selected films, beginning with De Voortrekkers (1916) through to Mapantsula (1988) and films produced post apartheid, including Drum (2004), Tsotsi (2005) and Zulu Love Letter (2004). Jacqueline Maingard discusses how cinema reproduced and constructed a white national identity, taking readers through cinema’s role in building white Afrikaner nationalism in the 1930s and 1940s. She then moves to examine film culture and modernity in the development of black audiences from the 1920s to the 1950s, especially in a group of films that includes Jim Comes to Joburg (1949) and Come Back, Africa (1959). Jacqueline Maingard also considers the effects of the apartheid state’s film subsidy system in the 1960s and 1970s and focuses on cinema against apartheid in the 1980s. She reflects upon shifting national cinema policies following the first democratic election in 1994 and how it became possible for the first time to imagine an inclusive national film culture. Illustrated throughout with excellent visual examples, this cinema history will be of value to film scholars and historians, as well as to practitioners in South Africa today.
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Migrating to the Movies

Cinema and Black Urban Modernity

Author: Jacqueline Najuma Stewart

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520936409

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 367

View: 6838

The rise of cinema as the predominant American entertainment around the turn of the last century coincided with the migration of hundreds of thousands of African Americans from the South to the urban "land of hope" in the North. This richly illustrated book, discussing many early films and illuminating black urban life in this period, is the first detailed look at the numerous early relationships between African Americans and cinema. It investigates African American migrations onto the screen, into the audience, and behind the camera, showing that African American urban populations and cinema shaped each other in powerful ways. Focusing on Black film culture in Chicago during the silent era, Migrating to the Movies begins with the earliest cinematic representations of African Americans and concludes with the silent films of Oscar Micheaux and other early "race films" made for Black audiences, discussing some of the extraordinary ways in which African Americans staked their claim in cinema's development as an art and a cultural institution.
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Media and the Making of Modern Germany

Mass Communications, Society, and Politics from the Empire to the Third Reich

Author: Corey Ross

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199278210

Category: History

Page: 426

View: 8446

Few developments in the industrial era have had a greater impact on everyday social life than the explosion of the mass media and commercial entertainments, and none have exerted a more profound influence on the nature of modern politics. Nowhere in Europe were the tensions and controversies surrounding the rise of mass culture more politically charged than in Germany-debates that played fatefully into the hands of the radical right. Corey Ross provides the first general account ofthe expansion of the mass media in Germany up to the Second World War, examining how the rise of film, radio, recorded music, popular press, and advertising fitted into the wider development of social, political, and cultural life.Spanning the period from the late nineteenth century to the Third Reich, Media and the Making of Modern Germany shows how the social impact and meaning of 'mass culture' were by no means straightforward or homogenizing, but rather changed under different political and economic circumstances. By locating the rapid expansion of communications media and commercial entertainments firmly within their broader social and political context, Ross sheds new light on the relationship between mass media,social change, and political culture during this tumultuous period in German history.
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Italian Cinema and Modern European Literatures, 1945-2000

Author: Carlo Testa

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275975227

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 266

View: 9893

Analyzes the films of major Italian postwar directors, from Amelio to Visconti, inspired by literary masters, including Balzac and Tolstoy.
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Cinema and Cultural Modernity

Author: Gill Branston

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780335200764

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 207

View: 3750

* What is the relationship of popular cinema to the concept of 'modernity'? * What now are the key areas of debate which focus the study of cinema and its audiences? * How can we understand the relationship of cinema to both the pleasures of consumerism and the inequalities addressed by critical politics? Cinema and Cultural Modernity carves a lucid path through the central debates of film and cinema studies and explores these in their social and political contexts. The book includes histories of the ways in which we view Hollywood's global dominance, up to the development of late modernity and the declaration of 'postmodernity'. In an accessible fashion, it discusses changing theorizations of the economics, audiences, and fascinations of cinema, addressing concepts such as agency, negotiation and identification, and global 'popularity' within contemporary cultures of celebrity, consumption and the visual. Gill Branston outlines the need for cinema study that is both sensitive to the formal 'textiness' of films, but also less anxious about arguing for its position within broad agendas of representation. At the same time, the author links such areas to both the pleasures of consumption, which cinema so often evokes and embodies, and to the need for a new, critical politics to address the persistent inequalities of modernity, inequalities which still fuel lively interest in questions of representation. The result is an incisive text for undergraduate courses and an essential reference for researchers.
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Rural Cinema Exhibition and Audiences in a Global Context

Author: Daniela Treveri Gennari,Catherine O'Rawe,Danielle Hipkins

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319663445

Category: Performing Arts

Page: N.A

View: 7962

This volume will be the first work to consider rural cinema-going from a global perspective. Aiming to provide a rich and wide-ranging introduction to this growing field and to further develop some of its key questions, this volume is an innovative interjection that brings North American and European ruralities into dialogue with contributions on Latin America, Africa, Australia, and Asia. This volume offers a structure for understanding the framework of rural cinema-going, moving beyond a Western focus that is essential for thinking through questions of the rural, since over the relatively short history of cinema it is the rural that has dominated cinema-goers’ lives in much of the developing world.
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Big Screen Rome

Author: Monica Silveira Cyrino

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405150327

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 288

View: 7015

Big Screen Rome is the first systematic survey of the most important and popular films from the past half century that reconstruct the image of Roman antiquity. The first systematic survey of the most important and popular recent films about Roman antiquity. Shows how cinema explores, reinvents and celebrates the spectacle of ancient Rome. Films discussed in depth include Stanley Kubrick’s Spartacus, Ridley Scott’s Gladiator and Terry Jones’s Monty Python’s Life of Brian. Contributes to discussions about the ongoing relevance of the classical world. Shows how contemporary film-makers use recreations of ancient history as commentaries on contemporary society. Structured in a way that makes it suitable for course use, and features issues for discussion and analysis, and reference to further bibliographic resources. Written in an energetic and engaging style.
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Watching Films

New Perspectives on Movie-going, Exhibition and Reception

Author: Karina Aveyard,Albert Moran

Publisher: Intellect L & D E F A E

ISBN: N.A

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 418

View: 9950

With a focus on the social, economic, and cultural factors that influence how we watch and think about movies, this book centres its investigations on four areas of inquiry: Who watches films? Under what circumstances? What consequences and affects follow? And what do these acts of consumption mean? --
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The Aesthetics of Spectacle in Early Modern Drama and Modern Cinema

Robert Greene's Theatre of Attractions

Author: J. Sager

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137332409

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 211

View: 1336

Examining the work of the Elizabethan playwright, Robert Greene, this book argues that Greene's plays are innovative in their use of spectacle. Its most striking feature is the use of the one-to-one analogies between Greene's drama and modern cinema, in order to explore the plays' stage effects.
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Picturing American Modernity

Traffic, Technology, and the Silent Cinema

Author: Kristen Whissel

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822391457

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 286

View: 2484

In Picturing American Modernity, Kristen Whissel investigates the relationship between early American cinema and the experience of technological modernity. She demonstrates how between the late 1890s and the eve of the First World War moving pictures helped the U.S. public understand the possibilities and perils of new forms of “traffic” produced by industrialization and urbanization. As more efficient ways to move people, goods, and information transformed work and leisure at home and contributed to the expansion of the U.S. empire abroad, silent films presented compelling visual representations of the spaces, bodies, machines, and forms of mobility that increasingly defined modern life in the United States and its new territories. Whissel shows that by portraying key events, achievements, and anxieties, the cinema invited American audiences to participate in the rapidly changing world around them. Moving pictures provided astonishing visual dispatches from military camps prior to the outbreak of fighting in the Spanish-American War. They allowed audiences to delight in images of the Pan-American Exposition, and also to mourn the assassination of President McKinley there. One early film genre, the reenactment, presented spectators with renditions of bloody battles fought overseas during the Philippine-American War. Early features offered sensational dramatizations of the scandalous “white slave trade,” which was often linked to immigration and new forms of urban work and leisure. By bringing these frequently distant events and anxieties “near” to audiences in cities and towns across the country, the cinema helped construct an American national identity for the machine age.
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American Cinema of the 1910s

Themes and Variations

Author: Charlie Keil,Ben Singer

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813544459

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 278

View: 729

It was during the teens that filmmaking truly came into its own. Notably, the migration of studios to the West Coast established a connection between moviemaking and the exoticism of Hollywood. The essays in American Cinema of the 1910s explore the rapid developments of the decade that began with D. W. Griffith's unrivaled one-reelers. By mid-decade, multi-reel feature films were profoundly reshaping the industry and deluxe theaters were built to attract the broadest possible audience. Stars like Mary Pickford, Charlie Chaplin, and Douglas Fairbanks became vitally important, and companies began writing high-profile contracts to secure them. With the outbreak of World War I, the political, economic, and industrial groundwork was laid for American cinema's global dominance. By the end of the decade, filmmaking had become a true industry, complete with vertical integration, efficient specialization and standardization of practices, and self-regulatory agencies. Charlie Keil is an associate professor in the Department of History and the director of the Cinema Studies Institute at the University of Toronto. He is the author of Early American Cinema in Transition: Story, Style, and Filmmaking, 1907-1913. Ben Singer is an associate professor of film in the Department of Communication Arts at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He is the author of Melodrama and Modernity: Early Sensational Cinema and Its Contexts.
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Early Cinema Today, KINtop 1

The Art of Programming and Live Performance

Author: Martin Loiperdinger

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0861969022

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 160

View: 9538

Invented in the 1890s and premiered in Paris by the Lumière brothers, the cinematograph along with Louis Le Prince's single-lens camera projector are considered by film historians to be the precursors to modern-day motion picture devices. These early movies were often shown in town halls, on fairgrounds, and in theaters, requiring special showmanship skills to effectively work the equipment and entertain onlookers. Within the last decade, film archives and film festivals have unearthed this lost art and have featured outstanding examples of the culture of early cinema reconfigured for today's audiences.
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