Chocolate Science and Technology

Author: Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444357336

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 8166

This book provides an overview of the science and technology of chocolate manufacture from cocoa production, through the manufacturing processes, to the sensory, nutrition and health aspects of chocolate consumption. It covers cocoa cultivation and production with special attention paid to cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations in the bean, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation and drying processes, and the biochemical basis of these operations. The scientific principles behind industrial chocolate manufacture are outlined with detailed explanations of the various stages of chocolate manufacturing including mixing, refining, conching and tempering. Other topics covered include the chemistry of flavour formation and development during cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture; volatile flavour compounds and their characteristics and identification; sensory descriptions and character; and flavour release and perception in chocolate. The nutritional and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption are also addressed. There is a focus throughout on those factors that influence the flavour and quality characteristics of the finished chocolate and that provide scope for process optimization and improvement. The book is designed to be a desk reference for all those engaged in the business of making and using chocolate worldwide; confectionery and chocolate scientists in industry and academia; students and practising food scientists and technologists; nutritionists and other health professionals; and libraries of institutions where food science is studied and researched. an overview of the science behind chocolate manufacture covers the whole process from cocoa production, through manufacturing, to the nutrition and health aspects of chocolate consumption focuses on factors that influence chocolate flavour and quality, and that provide scope for process optimization and improvement.
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Chocolate Science and Technology

Author: Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118913779

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 2905

This second edition provides information on recent advances in the science and technology of chocolate manufacture and the entire international cocoa industry. It provides detailed review on a wide range of topics including cocoa production, cocoa and chocolate manufacturing operations, sensory perception of chocolate quality, flavour release and perception, sugar replacement and alternative sweetening solutions in chocolate production, industrial manufacture of sugar-free chocolates as well as the nutrition and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption. The topics cover modern cocoa cultivation and production practices with special attention on cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations in the bean, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation and drying processes, and the biochemical basis of these operations. The scientific principles behind industrial chocolate manufacture are outlined with detailed explanations of the various stages of chocolate manufacturing including mixing, refining, conching and tempering. Other topics covered include the chemistry of flavour formation and development during cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture; volatile flavour compounds and their characteristics and identification; sensory descriptions and character; and flavour release and perception in chocolate. The nutritional and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption as well as the application of HACCP and other food safety management systems such as ISO 22,000 in the chocolate processing industry are also addressed. Additionally, detailed research on the influence of different raw materials and processing operations on the flavour and other quality characteristics of chocolates have been provided with scope for process optimization and improvement. The book is intended to be a desk reference for all those engaged in the business of making and using chocolate worldwide; confectionery and chocolate scientists in industry and academia; students and practising food scientists and technologists; nutritionists and other health professionals; and libraries of institutions where agriculture, food science and nutrition is studied and researched.
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Chocolate Science and Technology

Author: Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118913760

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 4621

This second edition provides information on recent advances in the science and technology of chocolate manufacture and the entire international cocoa industry. It provides detailed review on a wide range of topics including cocoa production, cocoa and chocolate manufacturing operations, sensory perception of chocolate quality, flavour release and perception, sugar replacement and alternative sweetening solutions in chocolate production, industrial manufacture of sugar-free chocolates as well as the nutrition and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption. The topics cover modern cocoa cultivation and production practices with special attention on cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations in the bean, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation and drying processes, and the biochemical basis of these operations. The scientific principles behind industrial chocolate manufacture are outlined with detailed explanations of the various stages of chocolate manufacturing including mixing, refining, conching and tempering. Other topics covered include the chemistry of flavour formation and development during cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture; volatile flavour compounds and their characteristics and identification; sensory descriptions and character; and flavour release and perception in chocolate. The nutritional and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption as well as the application of HACCP and other food safety management systems such as ISO 22,000 in the chocolate processing industry are also addressed. Additionally, detailed research on the influence of different raw materials and processing operations on the flavour and other quality characteristics of chocolates have been provided with scope for process optimization and improvement. The book is intended to be a desk reference for all those engaged in the business of making and using chocolate worldwide; confectionery and chocolate scientists in industry and academia; students and practising food scientists and technologists; nutritionists and other health professionals; and libraries of institutions where agriculture, food science and nutrition is studied and researched.
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Chocolate, Cocoa and Confectionery: Science and Technology

Author: Bernard Minifie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401179247

Category: Science

Page: 904

View: 2176

The second edition of this book achieved worldwide recognition within the chocolate and confectionery industry. I was pressed to prepare the third edition to include modern developments in machinery, production, and packaging. This has been a formidable task and has taken longer than anticipated. Students still require, in one book, descriptions of the fundamental principles of the industry as well as an insight into modern methods. Therefore, parts of the previous edition describing basic technology have been retained, with minor alterations where necessary. With over fifty years' experience in the industry and the past eighteen years working as an author, lecturer, and consultant, I have collected a great deal of useful information. Visits to trade exhibitions and to manufacturers of raw materials and machinery in many parts of the world have been very valuable. Much research and reading have been necessary to prepare for teaching and lecturing at various colleges, seminars, and manufacturing establishments. The third edition is still mainly concerned with science, technology, and production. It is not a book of formulations, which are readily available elsewhere. Formulations without knowledge of principles lead to many errors, and recipes are given only where examples are necessary. _ Analytical methods are described only when they are not available in textbooks, of which there are many on standard methods of food analysis. Acknowledgments I am still indebted to many of the persons mentioned under "Acknowledgments" in the second edition. I am especially grateful to the following.
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Science and Technology of Enrobed and Filled Chocolate, Confectionery and Bakery Products

Author: Geoff Talbot

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1845696433

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 468

View: 7648

Enrobed and filled confectionery and bakery products, such as praline-style chocolates, confectionery bars and chocolate-coated biscuits and ice-creams, are popular with consumers. The coating and filling can negatively affect product quality and shelf-life, but with the correct product design and manufacturing technology, the characteristics of the end-product can be much improved. This book provides a comprehensive overview of quality issues affecting enrobed and filled products and strategies to enhance product quality. Part one reviews the formulation of coatings and fillings, with chapters on key topics such as chocolate manufacture, confectionery fats, compound coatings and fat and sugar-based fillings. Product design issues, such as oil, moisture and ethanol migration and chocolate and filling rheology are the focus of Part two. Shelf-life prediction and testing are also discussed. Part three then covers the latest ingredient preparation and manufacturing technology for optimum product quality. Chapters examine tempering, enrobing, chocolate panning, production of chocolate shells and deposition technology. With its experienced team of authors, Science and technology of enrobed and filled chocolate, confectionery and bakery products is an essential purchase for professionals in the chocolate, confectionery and bakery industries. Provides a comprehensive review of quality issues affecting enrobed and filled products Reviews the formulation of coatings and fillings, addressing confectionery fats, compound coatings and sugar based fillings Focuses on product design issues such as oil, moisture and chocolate filling rheology
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The Science of Chocolate

Author: S. Beckett,Stephen T. Beckett

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854046003

Category: Cooking

Page: 175

View: 1593

Covers the history, ingredients, and processing techniques used in the manufacture of chocolate.
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Confectionery Science and Technology

Author: Richard W. Hartel,Joachim H. von Elbe,Randy Hofberger

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319617427

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 6687

This book examines both the primary ingredients and the processing technology for making candies. In the first section, the chemistry, structure, and physical properties of the primary ingredients are described, as are the characteristics of commercial ingredients. The second section explores the processing steps for each of the major sugar confectionery groups, while the third section covers chocolate and coatings. The manner in which ingredients function together to provide the desired texture and sensory properties of the product is analyzed, and chemical reactions and physical changes that occur during processing are examined. Trouble shooting and common problems are also discussed in each section. Designed as a complete reference and guide, Confectionery Science and Technology provides personnel in industry with solutions to the problems concerning the manufacture of high-quality confectionery products.
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Cocoa Production and Processing Technology

Author: Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466598239

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 973

One of the largest food commodities exported from the developing countries to the rest of the world, cocoa has gained increasing attention on the global market—raising many questions about its quality, sustainability and traceability. Cocoa Production and Processing Technology presents detailed explanations of the technologies that could be employed to assure sustainable production of high-quality and safe cocoa beans for the global confectionary industry. It provides overviews of up-to-date technologies and approaches to modern cocoa production practices, global production and consumption trends as well as principles of cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture. The book covers the origin, history and taxonomy of cocoa, and examines the fairtrade and organic cocoa industries and their influence on smallholder farmers. The chapters provide in-depth coverage of cocoa cultivation, harvesting and post-harvest treatments with a focus on cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations and their influence on quality, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation techniques, drying, storage and transportation. The author provides details on cocoa fermentation processes as well as the biochemical and microbiological changes involved and how they influence flavour. He also addresses cocoa trading systems, bean selection and quality criteria, as well as industrial processing of fermented and dried cocoa beans into liquor, cake, butter and powder. The book examines the general principles of chocolate manufacture, detailing the various stages of the processes involved, the factors that influence the quality characteristics and strategies to avoid post-processing quality defects. This volume presents innovative techniques for sustainability and traceability in high-quality cocoa production and explores new product development with potential for cost reduction as well as improved cocoa bean and chocolate product quality.
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Food Science and Technology

Author: Geoffrey Campbell-Platt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444357824

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

View: 1906

This brand new comprehensive text and reference book is designed to cover all the essential elements of food science and technology, including all core aspects of major food science and technology degree programs being taught worldwide. Food Science and Technology, supported by the International Union of Food Science and Technology comprises 21 chapters, carefully written in a user-friendly style by 30 eminent industry experts, teachers and researchers from across the world. All authors are recognised experts in their respective fields, and together represent some of the world’s leading universities and international food science and technology organisations. Expertly drawn together, produced and edited, Food Science and Technology provides the following: Coverage of all the elements of food science and technology degree programs internationally Essential information for all professionals in the food industry worldwide Chapters written by authoritative, internationally respected contributing authors A must-have reference book for libraries in every university, food science and technology research institute, and food company globally Additional resources published on the book's web site: www.wiley.com/go/campbellplatt About IUFoST The International Union of Food Science and Technology (IUFoST) is a country-membership organisation representing some 65 member countries, and around 200,000 food scientists and technologists worldwide. IUFoST is the global voice of food science and technology, dedicated to promoting the sharing of knowledge and good practice in food science and technology internationally. IUFoST organises World Congresses of Food Science and Technology, and has established the International Academy of Food Science and Technology (IAFoST) to which eminent food scientists can be elected by peer review. For further information about IUFoST and its activities, visit: www.iufost.org
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Principles of Seed Science and Technology

Author: Lawrence O. Copeland,Miller F. McDonald

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461516196

Category: Science

Page: 467

View: 7270

This Fourth Edition of Principles of Seed Science and Technology, like the fIrst three editions, is written for the advanced undergraduate student or lay person who desires an introduction to the science and technology of seeds. The fIrst nine chapters present the seed as a biological system and cover its origin, development, composition, function (and sometimes nonfunction), performance and ultimate deterioration. The last nine chapters present the fundamentals of how seeds are produced, conditioned, evaluated and distributed in our modern agricultural society. Two new chapters have been added in this fourth edition, one on seed ecology and the second on seed drying. Finally, revisions have been made throughout to reflect changes that have occurred in the seed industry since publication of the Third Edition. Because of the fundamental importance of seeds to both agriculture and to all of society, we have taken great care to present the science and technology of seeds with the respect and feeling this study deserves. We hope that this feeling will be communicated to our readers. Furthermore, we have attempted to present information in a straight-forward, easy-ta-read manner that will be easily understood by students and lay persons alike. Special care has been taken to address both current state-of-the-art as well as future trends in seed technology.
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Tharp & Young on Ice Cream

An Encyclopedic Guide to Ice Cream Science and Technology

Author: Bruce W. Tharp,L. Steven Young

Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc

ISBN: 1932078681

Category: Reference

Page: 392

View: 5673

This volume is at once an all-inclusive guide to the meaning of hundreds of technical terms and ideas needed for ice cream manufacturing, as well as a practical introduction to the ingredients, freezing methods, flavoring, and packaging of ice cream, sherbet, sorbet, gelato, frozen yogurts, novelties and many other kinds of frozen desserts. In dozens of longer entries and short essays, as well as with original quantitative tables and graphs, the authors explain the chemistry and controllable variables of all phases of ice cream production, e.g., dairy and non-dairy ingredients, crystallization, overrun, equipment, coloring, test and tasting protocols and much more. With its helpful system of cross-referencing, the book offers essential details on what must be done to create high-quality, successful products—with pointers on how to avoid dozens of specific defects that can occur during manufacturing, such as icy texture and sandiness. The authors also offer original information for extending product lines and creating new, e.g., health-oriented and hybrid products. Besides providing a definitive introduction to the applied science of frozen desserts, the book explains key management concepts from cost-reduction strategies to yield improvement, marketing, and regulatory compliance in formulation and labeling.
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Food Process Engineering and Technology

Author: Zeki Berk

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124159869

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 720

View: 1837

The past 30 years have seen the establishment of food engineering both as an academic discipline and as a profession. Combining scientific depth with practical usefulness, this book serves as a tool for graduate students as well as practicing food engineers, technologists and researchers looking for the latest information on transformation and preservation processes as well as process control and plant hygiene topics. Strong emphasis on the relationship between engineering and product quality/safety Links theory and practice Considers topics in light of factors such as cost and environmental issues
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Confectionery and Chocolate Engineering

Principles and Applications

Author: Ferenc A. Mohos

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444396196

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 712

View: 2388

Confectionery and chocolate manufacture has been dominated by large-scale industrial processing for several decades. It is often the case, though, that a trial and error approach is applied to the development of new products and processes, rather than verified scientific principles. The purpose of this book is to describe the features of unit operations used in confectionary manufacturing. In contrast to the common technology-focused approach to this subject, this volume offers a scientific, theoretical account of confectionery manufacture, building on the scientific background of chemical engineering. The large diversity of both raw materials and end products in the confectionery industry makes it beneficial to approach the subject in this way. The industry deals with a variety of vegetable based raw materials as well as milk products, eggs, gelatin, and other animal-based raw materials. A study of confectionery and chocolate engineering must therefore examine the physical and chemical, as well as the biochemical and microbiological properties of the processed materials. By characterizing the unit operations of confectionery manufacture the author, who has over 40 years’ experience in confectionery manufacture, aims to open up new possibilities for improvement relating to increased efficiency of operations, the use of new materials, and new applications for traditional raw materials. The book is aimed at food engineers, scientists, technologists in research and industry, as well as graduate students on relevant food and chemical engineering-related courses.
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Ways of Knowing

A New History of Science, Technology and Medicine

Author: John V. Pickstone

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719059940

Category: Medicine

Page: 271

View: 6307

Discusses the historical development of science, technology and medicine in Western Europe and North America from the Renaissance to the present. Identifies four principle ways of knowing within specific periods:natural history in the eighteenth centuryanalysis following the French Revolutionexperiment in the epoch of modernismthe current presence of technoscience. Balances the historical exposition of natural magic and natural theology with a philosophical interpretation of the Scientific Revolution and reflective comments on Foucault and Collingwood. Strikes a balance between theoretical discussion and empirical illustration. Redefines the geography of science, technology and medicine.
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Gold

Science and Applications

Author: Christopher Corti,Richard Holliday

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420065268

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 444

View: 9040

Gold is used in a wide range of industrial and medical applications and accounts for over 10 percent of the annual demand for metal, worth billions of dollars annually. While much has been written about the mystique and trade of gold, very little has been written about the science and technology in which it is involved. Edited by two respected authorities from the World Gold Council, Gold: Science and Applications provides researchers with the definitive handbook on the current science and applications of this valuable and beautiful precious metal. Packed with contributions from the world’s leading experts, this volume brings in authoritative information from a number of sciences, including chemistry, physics, nanotechnology and metallurgy. The book presents a myriad of applications, ranging from electronics to medicine and optics. A comprehensive overview chapter provides historical perspectives of the element and each chapter describes potential further uses, including applications currently being developed. Gold Applications in Use Today Include: Medical Dental Electronics Engineering Industrial Pollution Control Photography Catalysts Nanotechnology
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Introducing Food Science

Author: Robert L. Shewfelt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142001272X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 385

View: 6384

As daily consumers of foods and beverages, everyone has opinions and interests about their diet choices. However, many questions about food are often non-technical and, therefore, defy technical answers. Introducing Food Science addresses a range of food issues facing today’s consumer, proceeding from a general and student-friendly discussion to an in-depth technical overview of the basic principles of food science. This authoritative textbook starts by addressing food issues in the news, from disease outbreaks to the health benefits and detriments associated with international trade. It then outlines the basic principles of food manufacturing and processing techniques with a strong emphasis on unit operations. With the aid of flowcharts, photographs, and thought-provoking questions, the text assesses the importance of labeling and nutritional information and describes the requirements for providing consumers with the wealth of food options available on grocery store shelves. The book then demonstrates the importance of regulations in ensuring a healthy and safe food supply and culminates with an introduction to the basic scientific underpinnings of food science. Introducing Food Science emphasizes the separation of what is known from what is unknown about food issues and then determines how those issues can be reformulated into testable hypotheses. Unlike other food science references, it conveys both commercial and scientific perspectives, providing a true flavor of food science. About the Author: Dr. Robert Shewfelt is the Josiah Meigs Distinguished Teaching Professor of Food Science and Technology at the University of Georgia. He advises more than 50 students and has taught 11 different courses in the past two years ranging from Freshman Seminars in Chocolate Science and Coffee Technology to graduate-level courses in Food Research & the Scientific Method. Dr. Shewfelt was also the 2006 recipient of the Cruess Award for Excellence in Teaching of IFT.
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Beckett's Industrial Chocolate Manufacture and Use

Author: Steve T. Beckett,Mark S. Fowler,Gregory R. Ziegler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118780140

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 4231

Revised edition of: Industrial chocolate manufacture and use / edited by Stephen T. Beckett. 2009.
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Hidden Persuaders in Cocoa and Chocolate

A Flavor Lexicon for Cocoa and Chocolate Sensory Professionals

Author: Renata Januszewska

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing Limited

ISBN: 9780128154472

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 165

View: 3044

Hidden Persuaders of Cocoa and Chocolate: A Flavor Lexicon for Cocoa and Chocolate Sensory Professionals provides an overview of the tastes, aromas and notes describing cocoa and chocolate. In addition to exploring tastes, aromas and notes, the book broadens the language for describing chocolate by relating tasting experiences to the process of pairing flavors. This resource, designed for both academics and those working in research and development, equips the reader to describe these attributes in a sensory language for the purposes of new product development or quality improvement.
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Chocolate

Sweet Science and Dark Secrets of the World's Favorite Treat

Author: Kay Frydenborg

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0544175662

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 272

View: 7188

A fascinating account for teen readers that captures the history, science, and economic and cultural implications of the harvesting of cacao and creation of chocolate. Readers ofChew On This and The Omnivore's Dilemma will savor this rich exposé.
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