Chinese Collaboration with Japan, 1932-1945

The Limits of Accommodation

Author: David P. Barrett,Lawrence N. Shyu

Publisher: Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804737681

Category: History

Page: 290

View: 3554

Recent release of archival material in China and Taiwan has made possible this book, the first comprehensive treatment of Sino-Japanese collaboration, at the level of both state and of society.
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Middle Kingdom and Empire of the Rising Sun

Sino-Japanese Relations, Past and Present

Author: June Teufel Dreyer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199704902

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 8611

Japan and China have been rivals for more than a millennium. In more recent times, China was the more powerful until the late nineteenth century, while Japan took the upper hand in the twentieth. Now, China's resurgence has emboldened it even as Japan perceives itself falling behind, exacerbating long-standing historical frictions. June Teufel Dreyer's Middle Kingdom and Empire of the Rising Sun provides a highly accessible overview of one of the world's great civilizational rivalries. Dreyer, a senior scholar of East Asia, begins in the seventh century in order to provide a historical background for the main story: by the mid-nineteenth century, the shrinking distances afforded by advances in technology and the intrusion of Western powers brought the two into closer proximity in ways that alternately united and divided them. In the aftermath of multiple wars between them, including a long and brutal conflict in World War II, Japan developed into an economic power but rejected any concomitant military capabilities. China's journey toward modernization was hindered by ideological and leadership struggles that lasted until the death of revolutionary leader Mao Zedong in 1976. Bringing the narrative up to the present day, Dreyer focuses on the issues that dominate China and Japan's fraught current relationship: economic rivalry, memories of World War II, resurgent nationalism, military tensions, Taiwan, the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands, and globalization. Dreyer argues that recent disputes should be seen as manifestations of embedded rivalries rather than as issues whose resolution would provide a lasting solution to deep-standing disputes. For anyone interested in the political dynamics of East Asia, this integrative history of the relationship between the region's two giants is essential reading.
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Japan im Pazifischen Krieg

Herrschaftssystem, politische Willensbildung und Friedenssuche

Author: Krebs, Gerhard

Publisher: IUDICIUM Verlag

ISBN: 3891290101

Category: Political Science

Page: 936

View: 3821

Das vorliegende Werk weist nach, dass die politische Struktur Japans im Zweiten Weltkrieg · etwa im Vergleich zu Deutschland - ein erstaunliches Maß an Pluralismus aufwies und es Persönlichkeiten, die über eine gewisse Prominenz verfügten, erlaubte, auch Kritik an offizieller Regierungspolitik und kompromissloser Kriegführung zu üben. Im Zentrum der Untersuchung steht nicht der militärische Ablauf, sondern das Streben nach Vermeidung eines bewaffneten Konfliktes 1941 und nach dessen Ausbruch die Suche nach einem Friedensschluss. Daran beteiligt waren u.a. einige der als Berater von Politik und Thron fungierenden ehemaligen Premierminister, inaktive und aktive Diplomaten, Militärs im Ruhestand, Journalisten, Kaiserliche Prinzen und Hofbeamte. Ein entscheidendes Motiv für ihre Aktivitäten war die Furcht vor einer kommunistischen Revolution im Falle einer militärischen Niederlage und damit dem Ende des Tennō-Systems. Auch in den USA existierten Kräfte mit den gleichen Intentionen, und so ergänzten sich die Bestrebungen auf beiden Seiten des Pazifiks. Besonders die Furcht der USA vor einer Ausbreitung des Kommunismus in Fernost führte zu dem Interesse an einem konservativen Partner in dem Raum. Dadurch wurden Voraussetzungen geschaffen, trotz einer jahrelangen äußerst brutalen Kriegführung und einer misstrauischen Beäugung in den Anfangsjahren nach Japans Kapitulation den Weg zu einer Partnerschaft einzuschlagen, als deren Ergebnis Tokyo bis in die Gegenwart Washingtons wichtigste Stütze in Asien wurde.
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China's War with Japan, 1937-1945

The Struggle for Survival

Author: Rana Mitter

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 1846148049

Category: History

Page: 500

View: 9689

In Rana Mitter's tense, moving and hugely important book, the war between China and Japan - one of the most important struggles of the Second World War - at last gets the masterly history it deserves Different countries give different opening dates for the period of the Second World War, but perhaps the most compelling is 1937, when the 'Marco Polo Bridge Incident' plunged China and Japan into a conflict of extraordinary duration and ferocity - a war which would result in many millions of deaths and completely reshape East Asia in ways which we continue to confront today. With great vividness and narrative drive Rana Mitter's new book draws on a huge range of new sources to recreate this terrible conflict. He writes both about the major leaders (Chiang Kaishek, Mao Zedong and Wang Jingwei) and about the ordinary people swept up by terrible times. Mitter puts at the heart of our understanding of the Second World War that it was Japan's failure to defeat China which was the key dynamic for what happened in Asia. Reviews: 'A remarkable story, told with humanity and intelligence; all historians of the second world war will be in Mitter's debt ... [he] explores this complex politics with remarkable clarity and economy ... No one could ask for a better guide than Mitter to how [the rise of modern China] began in the cauldron of the Chinese war' Richard Overy, Guardian 'Rana Mitter's history of the Sino-Japanese War is not only a very important book, it also has a wonderful clarity of thought and prose which make it a pleasure to read' Antony Beevor 'The best study of China's war with Japan written in any language ... comprehensive, thoroughly based on research, and totally non-partisan. Above all, the book presents a moving account of the Chinese people's incredible suffering ... A must read for anyone interested in the origins of China's contribution to the making of today's world' Akira Iriye About the author: Rana Mitter is Professor of the History and Politics of Modern China at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of St Cross College. He is the author of A Bitter Revolution: China's Struggle with the Modern World. He is a regular presenter of Night Waves on Radio 3.
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War and Occupation in China

The Letters of an American Missionary from Hangzhou, 1937–1938

Author: Charles Bright,Joseph W. Ho

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1611462320

Category: Religion

Page: 336

View: 4344

A fresh eyewitness account of the Japanese invasion of mid-China in 1937-1938, these letters by an American missionary in Hangzhou provide a vividly detailed, first-hand account of the spread of war from Shanghai across the Yangzi valley and the subsequent ordeals of military occupation seen against the better-known backdrop of the Nanjing Massacre – one man’s embedded experience in one major Chinese city of one chaotic year of war. Already 25 years in Republican China and fluent in the language when the Japanese arrived, the author was well-placed as both an observer of, and participant in harrowing events – the provost of the Hangzhou Christian College and responsible for its campus, president of the local Red Cross which organized refugee camps and shelter for those displaced by the looting and raping that ensued, and chairman of an International Committee which sought to mediate between Japanese and Chinese forces in an effort to limit destruction and then to negotiate with the occupation regime on a day-to-day basis. The letters – written twice weekly – describe pitched battles and aerial bombing, the fearful conditions of civilian refugees, the exigencies of the missionary enterprise and the experiences of foreign neutrals in wartime China, as well as the practical dilemmas of collaboration that arose under occupation – moving about, protecting refugees, procuring food, tending a dairy herd, and ministering to embattled congregations. The letters are fully annotated to give readers a fuller perspective on places, people, and events that surround the eyewitness accounts. A substantially researched introductory essay provides necessary historical background and situates the author in a longer missionary career that began in 1911 and ended with wartime internment in 1943.
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The Shock of War

Civilian Experiences, 1937-1945

Author: Sean Kennedy

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442694696

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 9463

In The Shock of War: Civilian Experiences, 1937-1945, Sean Kennedy shifts the reader's focus from the battlefields of the Second World War to the civilian experience. This short yet comprehensive history complements existing studies of the war that document diplomatic and military operations. While many of these studies acknowledge the significance of the conflict for civilians, The Shock of War places civilians at the centre of events, drawing attention to the many different regions of the world affected by the conflict, and comparing various facets of the civilian experience. Kennedy's fresh approach emphasizes the diverse and complex impact of the war, which was profoundly destructive, yet, in some societies, provided opportunities and the potential for positive change.
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Victorious Insurgencies

Four Rebellions that Shaped Our World

Author: Anthony James Joes

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813139864

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 9812

Insurgencies, especially in the form of guerrilla warfare, continue to erupt across many parts of the globe. Most of these rebellions fail, but Four Rebellions that Shaped Our World analyzes four twentieth-century conflicts in which the success of the insurgents permanently altered the global political arena: the Maoists in China against Chiang Kai-shek and the Japanese in the 1930s and 1940s; the Viet Minh in French Indochina from 1945 to 1954; Castro's followers against Batista in Cuba from 1956 to 1959; and the mujahideen in Soviet Afghanistan from 1980 to 1989. Anthony James Joes illuminates patterns of failed counterinsurgencies that include serious but avoidable political and military blunders and makes clear the critical and often decisive influence of the international setting. Offering provocative insights and timeless lessons applicable to contemporary conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, this authoritative and comprehensive book will be of great interest to policy-makers and concerned citizens alike.
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China's Democratic Future

How It Will Happen and Where It Will Lead

Author: Bruce Gilley

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023150215X

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 680

The end of communist rule in China will be one of the most momentous events of the twenty-first century, sounding the death knell for the Marxist-Leninist experiment and changing the lives of a fifth of humanity. This book provides a likely blow-by-blow account of how the Chinese Communist Party will be removed from power and how a new democracy will be born. In more than half a century of rule, the Chinese Communist Party has turned a poor and benighted China into a moderately well-off and increasingly influential nation. Yet the Party has failed to keep pace with change since stepping aside from daily life in the late-1970s. After nearly a hundred years of frustrating attempts to create a workable political system following the overthrow of the last dynasty, the prospects for democracy in China are better than ever, according to Bruce Gilley. Gilley predicts an elite-led transformation rather than a popular-led overthrow. He profiles the key actors and looks at the response of excluded elites, such as the military, as well as interested parties such as Taiwan and Tibet. He explains how democracy in China will be very "Chinese," even as it will also embody fundamental universal liberal features. He deals with competing interests—regional, sectoral, and class—of China's economy and society under democracy, addressing the pressing concerns of world business. Finally he considers the implications for Asia as well as for the United States. The end of communist rule in China will be one of the most momentous events of the twenty-first century, sounding the death knell for the Marxist-Leninist experiment and changing the lives of a fifth of humanity. This book provides a likely blow-by-blow account of how the Chinese Communist Party will be removed from power and how a new democracy will be born. In more than half a century of rule, the Chinese Communist Party has turned a poor and benighted China into a moderately well-off and increasingly influential nation. Yet the Party has failed to keep pace with change since stepping aside from daily life in the late-1970s. After nearly a hundred years of frustrating attempts to create a workable political system following the overthrow of the last dynasty, the prospects for democracy in China are better than ever, according to Bruce Gilley. Gilley predicts an elite-led transformation rather than a popular-led overthrow. He profiles the key actors and looks at the response of excluded elites, such as the military, as well as interested parties such as Taiwan and Tibet. He explains how democracy in China will be very "Chinese," even as it will also embody fundamental universal liberal features. He deals with competing interests—regional, sectoral, and class—of China's economy and society under democracy, addressing the pressing concerns of world business. Finally he considers the implications for Asia as well as for the United States.
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Asien

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Asia

Page: N.A

View: 1699

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Resistance, Urban Style

The New Fourth Army and Shanghai, 1937-1945

Author: Allison Rottmann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 852

View: 9908

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China in the Anti-Japanese War, 1937-1945

Politics, Culture and Society

Author: David P. Barrett,Lawrence N. Shyu

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 5440

A collection of 11 articles written by scholars of international repute on the history of China during the long war against Japan from 1937 to 1945. Topics addressed include political, economic, social, and diplomatic issues related to wartime China, based on materials newly opened for research. Offers strong evidence that the Sino-Japanese War was
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Nation work

Asian elites and national identities

Author: Timothy Brook,Andre Schmid

Publisher: Univ of Michigan Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 2826

Questions assumptions about nationalism by examining the particular origins of the nation in Asia
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V.K. Wellington Koo and the Emergence of Modern China

Author: Stephen G. Craft

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 1961

A sequel to the award-winning Buffalo Dance, Frank X Walker's When Winter Come: The Ascension of York is a dramatic reimagining of Lewis and Clark's legendary exploration of the American West. By focusing on the humanity and struggles of York, Clark's slave, When Winter Come challenges conventional views of the journey's heroes and exposes the deeds, both great and ghastly, of the men behind the myth. Grounded in the history of the famous trip, Walker's vibrant account allows York -- little more than a forgotten footnote in traditional narratives -- to embody the full range of human ability, knowledge, emotion, and experience. He is a skillful hunter who kills his prey with both grace and reverence, and he thinks deeply about the proper place of humans in the natural world. York knows the seasons "like a book," and he "can read moss, sunsets, the moon, and a mare's foaling time with a touch." The Native peoples understand and honor York's innate bond with the earth. Though his expertise is integral to the journey's success, York's masters do not reward him; they know only the way of the lash. The alternately heartbreaking and uplifting poems in When Winter Come are told from multiple perspectives and rendered in vivid detail. On the journey, York forges a spiritual connection and shares sensual delights with a Nez Perce woman, and he aches when he is forced to leave her and their unborn son. Walker's poems capture the profound feelings of love and loss on each side of this ill-fated meeting of souls. When the trek ends and York is sent back to his former home, his wife and stepmother air their joys and grievances. As the perspectives of Lewis, Clark, Sacagawea, and others in the party emerge, Walker also gives voice to York's knife, his hunting shirt, and the river waters that have borne the labors and travels of thousands before and after the Lewis and Clark expedition. Despite fleeting hints that escape is possible, slavery continues to bind York and quell the joyful noise in his spirit until his death. Walker's poems, however, give York his voice after centuries of silence. When Winter Come exalts the historical persona of a slave and lifts the soul of a man. York ascends out of his chains, out of oblivion, and into flight.
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