Children's Lives and Schooling Across Societies

Author: Emily Hannum,Bruce Fuller

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0762312912

Category: Education

Page: 280

View: 9598

"This edition of Research in Sociology of Education speaks to the diverse contexts in which children function around the world, and to how these contexts shape school experiences and outcomes. The volume offers qualitative and statistical portraits of the diverse family and community contexts in which children are educated in China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Ghana, Zimbabwe, and Israel, as well as a comparative assessment of how schools and families influence learning in East Asia and Latin America. Individual papers link educational opportunities to issues of poverty, child labor, family health, housing, cultural norms around marriage and family, social and economic resources in communities, socialization and parenting practices, and school climates. This volume underscores the need for social scientists, policy makers, and advocates to think carefully about how the evolving, diverse nature of childhood around the world shapes demand for modern schooling- and resulting disparities in attainment."--BOOK JACKET.
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Education and Reform in China

Author: Emily Hannum,Albert Park

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135984700

Category: Education

Page: 304

View: 3991

Transformative market reforms in China since the late 1970s have improved living standards dramatically, but have also led to unprecedented economic inequality. During this period, China’s educational system was restructured to support economic development, with educational reforms occurring at a startling pace. Today, the educational system has diversified in structure, finance, and content; it has become more market-oriented; and it is serving an increasingly diverse student population. These changes carry significant consequences for China’s social mobility and inequality, and future economic prospects. In Education and Reform in China, leading scholars in the fields of education, sociology, demography, and economics investigate the evolution of educational access and attainment, educational quality, and the economic consequences of being educated. Education and Reform in China shows that economic advancement is increasingly tied to education in China, even as educational services are increasingly marketized. The volume investigates the varying impact of change for different social, ethnic, economic and geographic groups. Offering interdisciplinary views on the changing role of education in Chinese society, and on China’s educational achievements and policy challenges, this book will be an important resource for those interested in education, public policy, and development issues in China.
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Handbook of Life-Span Development

Author: Lawerence K.W. Berg, PhD, Esq.,Karen L. Fingerman, PhD,Jacqui Smith, PhD,Cynthia Berg, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826110800

Category: Psychology

Page: 650

View: 3231

"The handbook is an impressive collection of research studies and theories provided by knowledgeable contributors on life-span development from conception to old age."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly The doubling of our average life span since the turn of the 20th century is considered by many scholars to be one of the most important changes in human existence. This definitive text is the only volume to fully address, through a multidisciplinary perspective, the biological, cognitive, and psychological development that occurs from infancy through old age, and how the sociocultural and institutional factors interface with these changes. Edited by leading research scholars in the field of life-span development, the volume also includes contributions of specialists in behavioral genetics, socioemotional selectivity theory, neuroscience, ecological models, and more. It examines the dynamics of close relationships and informal ties among the elderly population, child-parent attachment relationships as a life-span phenomenon, developmental tasks across the lifespan, continuity and discontinuity in temperament and personality, the sociocultural context of cognition across the life span, and variability in approaches to social problem solving from early to later life. Given the number of recent demographic shifts, it also explores issues related to fertility, life expectancy, environmental contexts, technology, immigration, and public policy. Key Features: Integrates the full life span from infancy through old age in each chapter Considers multidisciplinary perspectives that address personal relationships, cognitive development, and social, emotional, and physical health across the life span Situates life-span development in ecological contexts (e.g., socioeconomic, neighborhood, and immigration status) Provides a concise but thorough resource for graduate seminars in life-span-related studies Highlights future issues in all areas of life-span study
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Childhoods at the Intersection of the Local and the Global

Author: Afua Twum-Danso Imoh,R. Ame

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137283343

Category: Social Science

Page: 207

View: 6101

Childhoods at the Intersection of the Local and the Global examines the imposition of the modern Western notion of childhood, which is now deemed as universal, on other cultures and explores how local communities react to these impositions in various ways such as manipulation, outright rejection and acceptance. The book discusses childhoods in different regions of the world and boasts a range of contributors from several academic disciplines such as Sociology, Social Work, Education, Anthropology, Criminology and Human Rights, who are experts on the regions they discuss. The book argues against the notion of a universal childhood and illustrates that different societies around the world have different notions of childhood. This book is recommended reading for students, scholars and practitioners working with children in the Global South as well as internationally.
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Handbook of Research on Schools, Schooling and Human Development

Author: Judith L. Meece,Jacquelynne S. Eccles

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135283877

Category: Education

Page: 536

View: 6051

Children spend more time in school than in any social institution outside the home. And schools probably exert more influence on children’s development and life chances than any environment beyond the home and neighbourhood. The purpose of this book is to document some important ways schools influence children’s development and to describe various models and methods for studying schooling effects. Key features include: Comprehensive Coverage – this is the first book to provide a comprehensive review of what is known about schools as a context for human development. Topical coverage ranges from theoretical foundations to investigative methodologies and from classroom-level influences such as teacher-student relations to broader influences such as school organization and educational policies. Cross-Disciplinary – this volume brings together the divergent perspectives, methods and findings of scholars from a variety of disciplines, among them educational psychology, developmental psychology, school psychology, social psychology, psychiatry, sociology, and educational policy. Chapter Structure – to ensure continuity, chapter authors describe 1) how schooling influences are conceptualized 2) identify their theoretical and methodological approaches 3) discuss the strengths and weaknesses of existing research and 4) highlight implications for future research, practice, and policy. Methodologies – chapters included in the text feature various methodologies including longitudinal studies, hierarchical linear models, experimental and quasi-experimental designs, and mixed methods.
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U.S. Immigration and Education

Cultural and Policy Issues Across the Lifespan

Author: Elena L. Grigorenko, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826111084

Category: Education

Page: 408

View: 880

This handbook helps readers to both understand and craft policies to aid the successful acculturation of immigrants in the US. It is an excellent road map for researchers in immigration and education, as well as educational and developmental psychologists, sociologists, economists, and public policy makers. An immigrant from Russia, Dr. Grigorenko weaves her first-hand experiences and strategies into this unique text. It encompasses all available research on immigration and acculturation, from new information on bilingual education to studies of low-skill versus high-skill workers. Key Topics: Immigration and America: current snapshot of US immigration policy and a demographic profile Immigration and education: Pre-K though grade12, higher, and adult education, and the labor market Immigration and incorporation into society: Implications for human development, health, and policy
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Emotion in Organizations

Author: Stephen Fineman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761966242

Category: Social Science

Page: 289

View: 5580

This Second Edition contains key themes with all new contributors and is a completely separate work from the first. Emotion in Organization presents original work from leading scholars in the field, they engage with emotion as a qualitative phenomenon which shapes and is shaped by organizational life. Examining how emotion cannot be simply separated from thinking, judgment, decision-making and other so-called rational organizational processes, the book challenges us to build a passionate theory of organizations. The introduction reviews the expansion of organizational emotion studies and their appeal to several social-scientific disciplines. Divided into four parts, the book reveals through stories, interview
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Childhood and Adolescence in Society

Selections From CQ Researcher

Author: CQ Researcher,

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452236062

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 694

About CQ Researcher Readers In the tradition of nonpartisan and current analysis that is the hallmark of CQ Press, CQ Researcher readers investigate important and controversial policy issues. Childhood and Adolescence in Society aims to promote in-depth discussion, facilitate further research, and help readers formulate their own positions on crucial issues in the field, such as child soldiers, teen pregnancy, and violence and bullying. Offer your students the balanced reporting, complete overviews, and engaging writing that CQ Researcher has consistently provided for more than 80 years. Each article gives substantial background and analysis of a particular issue as well as useful pedagogical features to inspire critical thinking and to help students grasp and review key material. Key Features Pro/con boxes that examine two competing sides of a single question Detailed chronologies of key dates and events Annotated bibliographies and web resources Outlook sections that address possible regulation and initiatives from Capitol Hill and the White House over the next 5 to 10 years Photos, charts, graphs, and maps
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Children, Home and School

Regulation, Autonomy or Connection?

Author: Ros Edwards

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134532520

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 9281

In contemporary western societies, there are increasing emphases on children being the responsibility of their parents, contained within the home, and on their compartmentalisation into separate and protected organised educational settings. Thus 'home' and 'school' form a crucial part of children's lives and experiences. This book explores the key institutional settings of home and school, and other educationally linked organised spaces, in children's lives, and the relationships between these. It presents in-depth discussions concerning new research findings from a range of national contexts and focuses on various aspects of children's, and sometimes adult's, own understandings and activities in home and school, and after school settings, and the relationship between these. The contributors assess children from a variety of backgrounds and circumstances and consider how these children see and position themselves as autonomous within, connected to or regulated by home and school. Discussion of the impact of policy and practice developments on the everyday lives of these children is also included.
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Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide, Interventions and Policies to Enhance Wellbeing

Author: Felicia A. Huppert,Cary L. Cooper

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118716167

Category: Psychology

Page: 704

View: 2512

Using an evidence-based approach and case studies from a widerange of life domains, Interventions and Policies to EnhanceWellbeing examines the most successful existing strategies topromote wellbeing and mental health. Discusses the results of the latest research in the science ofwellbeing and their implications for improved learning, creativity,productivity, relationships, and health Covers interventions for individuals across the lifespan, aswell as those for organizations, communities, and entirepopulations Looks at policy initiatives and approaches with a focus on theintegration of new technology and the role of the media Part of the six-volume Wellbeing: A Complete ReferenceGuide, which brings together leading research from across thesocial sciences
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Migration, Familie und soziale Lage

Beiträge zu Bildung, Gender und Care

Author: Thomas Geisen,Tobias Studer,Erol Yildiz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531941275

Category: Social Science

Page: 331

View: 3699

Das Thema „Migration und Familie" findet seit einigen Jahren verstärkt Beachtung. Dies geschieht meist im Zusammenhang mit der Thematisierung von Problemen und Defiziten, insbesondere in den Bereichen Bildung und Erziehung, sowie in Bezug auf das Geschlechterverhältnis. In anderer Weise erfolgt diese Thematisierung im Care-Bereich: Während einerseits Familien bei der Betreuung und Pflege von Angehörigen zunehmend auf die Arbeit von Migrant/innen angewiesen sind, wird anderseits gerade diese Konstellation zur Belastungen für die Familien der Migrant/innen. Die Beiträge des Bandes greifen die Vielfalt und Widersprüchlichkeit familialer Praxen im Kontext von Migration auf und liefern differenzierte Analysen zu aktuellen Fragen von Bildung, Gender und Care.
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Participation, Citizenship and Trust in Children's Lives

Author: H. Warming

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137295783

Category: Social Science

Page: 215

View: 2933

This book critically analyzes and theorizes trust dynamics in children's lives and how they impact upon children's participation, citizenship and well-being, drawing on a wealth of empirical evidence that examines trust in various institutional and cultural contexts.
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The Developmental Science of Adolescence

History Through Autobiography

Author: Richard M. Lerner,Anne C. Petersen,Rainer K. Silbereisen,Jeanne Brooks-Gunn

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1136673725

Category: Psychology

Page: 578

View: 6302

The Developmental Science of Adolescence: History Through Autobiography is the most authoritative account of the leading developmental scientists from around the world. Written by the scholars who shaped the history they are recounting, each chapter is an engaging and personal account of the past, present, and future direction of the field. No other reference work has this degree of authenticity in presenting the best developmental science of adolescence. The book includes a Foreword by Saths Cooper, President of the International Union of Psychological Science and autobiographical chapters by the following leading developmental scientists: Jeffrey Jensen Arnett, Robert Wm. Blum, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, B. Bradford Brown, Marlis Buchmann, John Bynner, John Coleman, Rand D. Conger, James E. Côté, William Damon, Sanford M. Dornbusch, Nancy Eisenberg, Glen H. Elder, Jr., David P. Farrington, Helmut Fend, Andrew J. Fuligni, Frank F. Furstenberg, Beatrix A. Hamburg, Stephen F. Hamilton, Karen Hein, Klaus Hurrelmann, Richard Jessor, Daniel P. Keating, Reed W. Larson, Richard M. Lerner, Iris F. Litt, David Magnusson, Rolf Oerter, Daniel Offer, Augusto Palmonari, Anne C. Petersen, Lea Pulkkinen, Jean E. Rhodes, Linda M. Richter, Hans-Dieter Rösler, Michael Rutter, Ritch C. Savin-Williams, John Schulenberg, Lonnie R. Sherrod, Rainer K. Silbereisen, Judith G. Smetana, Margaret Beale Spencer, Laurence Steinberg, Elizabeth J. Susman, Richard E. Tremblay, Suman Verma, and Bruna Zani.
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Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Minority Representation in Special Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309170818

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 5172

Special education and gifted and talented programs were designed for children whose educational needs are not well met in regular classrooms. From their inceptions, these programs have had disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic minority students. What causes this disproportion? Is it a problem? Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education considers possible contributors to that disparity, including early biological and environmental influences and inequities in opportunities for preschool and K-12 education, as well as the possibilities of bias in the referral and assessment system that leads to placement in special programs. It examines the data on early childhood experience, on differences in educational opportunity, and on referral and placement. The book also considers whether disproportionate representation should be considered a problem. Do special education programs provide valuable educational services, or do they set students off on a path of lower educational expectations? Would students not now placed in gifted and talented programs benefit from raised expectations, more rigorous classes, and the gifted label, or would they suffer failure in classes for which they are unprepared? By examining this important problem in U.S. education and making recommendations for early intervention and general education, as well as for changes in referral and assessment processes, Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education will be an indispensable resource to educators throughout the nation, as well as to policy makers at all levels, from schools and school districts to the state and federal governments.
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Pupil Disaffection in Schools

Bad Boys and Hard Girls

Author: Dr Sarah Swann

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472401042

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 2516

Sarah Swann provides a fresh approach to examining the long-standing debates over disaffection, and in particular social class differences in educational achievement, through a mixed methods methodology and the showcasing of new research. By observing pupils as they engage with peers and teachers in school, Swann allows disaffection to be seen and heard in ‘real’ events which constructs disaffection differently from objective statistical evidence on school exclusions. Rather than a homogenous identity, this book illustrates disaffection as layered and resting on a series of issues located on the crossroads between the cultural context of the neighbourhood and the public sphere of the school. It plots in a detailed way how these structures interact and mesh to create disaffected identities. Disaffection does not emerge in a vacuum, or without a cause. Pupils arrive at school with a wide variety of experiences and it is from these that they interpret, understand and act out their identities. Whilst the study in part seeks to describe and understand the social world of the school in terms of the pupils’ interpretations of the situation, it analytically frames the perceptions of pupils within a wider social context. In particular it focuses on the relationships between schooling and the wider macro structures and social relations that underpin disaffection. This approach makes the research both critical and interpretative and also able to shed new light on educational policy across England based on an understanding of the role of disaffection.
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Urban Youth and Photovoice

Visual Ethnography in Action

Author: Melvin Delgado

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199381348

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 9880

The past decade brought forth a wave of excitement and promise for researchers and practitioners interested in community practice as an approach based on social justice principles and an embrace of community participatory actions. But, effective community practice is predicated on the availability and use of assessment methods that not only capture and report on conditions, but also simultaneously set the stage for social change efforts. This research, therefore, serves the dual purpose of generating knowledge and also being an integral part of social intervention. Research done in this way, however, requires new tools. Photovoice is one such tool - a form of visual ethnography that invites participants to represent their community or point of view through photographs, accompanied by narratives, to be shared with each other and with a broader community. Urban Youth and Photovoice focuses on the use of this method within urban settings and among adolescents and young adults - a group that is almost naturally drawn to the use of photography (especially digital and particularly in today's era of texting, facebook, and instagram) to showcase photovoice as an important qualitative research method for social workers and others in the social sciences, and providing readers with detailed theoretical and practical account of how to plan, implement, and evaluate the results of a photovoice project focused on urban youth.
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Child and Adolescent Development in Your Classroom

Author: Christi Crosby Bergin,David Allen Bergin

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285965604

Category: Education

Page: 736

View: 789

Covering development from early childhood through high school in an easy-to-follow format, this book provides future teachers with authentic, research-based strategies and guidelines for their classrooms. The authors apply child development concepts to topics of high interest and relevance to teachers, including classroom discipline, constructivism, social-emotional development, and many others. A strong emphasis on diversity among children is reflected throughout. Case studies and real-world vignettes further bridge the distance between research and the classroom, helping future teachers be better prepared to create an environment that promotes optimal development in children. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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African American Males in School and Society

Practices and Policies for Effective Education

Author: Vernon C. Polite,James Earl Davis

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 9780807738719

Category: Education

Page: 241

View: 5154

In this groundbreaking and timely volume Vernon Polite and James Davis have brought together the perspectives and research findings of eminent scholars who study the educational and social lives of African American males. The result is a volume that brims with new outlooks and viewpoints—a refreshing departure from pervasive and oftentimes stereotypical literature about the African American male experience—and gives the reader access to prevalent issues affecting this population today. Thoughtful attention is paid to broader outcomes such as educational attainment, job procurement, and quality of life. These topics are discussed against the backdrop of student background and schooling with an overall aim to improve the academic and social outcomes of this population. Chapters range from explorations into identifying giftedness and responsive teaching styles, to educating African American males in the suburbs. The contributors to this volume offer differing methodologies and foci to document how the social and educational worlds of African American males cross, and the editors suggest policy implications that derive from these studies. This eloquent, engaging, and accessible volume has much to offer its readers and is especially important to people concerned with the well-being of African American boys and men.
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The Identities and Practices of High Achieving Pupils

Negotiating Achievement and Peer Cultures

Author: Becky Francis,Barbara Read,Christine Skelton

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441199233

Category: Education

Page: 216

View: 4932

How do some students manage to excel in their studies and be popular while other high achievers are treated as social outcasts? This lively and accessible text looks at the relationships between gender, race and social class, and attainment and popularity, for high-achieving pupils. The internationally renowned authors present a lucid theoretical framework that reflects the complexity of these issues, placing them within the broader context of the policies that cause and constrain particular behaviours among teachers and pupils. The authors draw together empirical data, bringing the realities of young people to life and presenting the lessons that can be learnt to enhance the educational achievement of all students. It is an engaging text for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students exploring the debates on identity and achievement.
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