Child Welfare Systems and Migrant Children

A Cross Country Study of Policies and Practice

Author: Marit Skivenes,Ravinder Barn,Katrin Kriz,Tarja Pösö,Tarja Pvsv

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190205296

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 7030

Child Welfare Systems and Migrant Children examines where, why and to what extent immigrant children are represented in the child welfare system in different countries. These countries include Australia/New Zealand, Belgium/the Netherlands, England, Estonia, Canada, Finland, Italy, Germany, Spain, Norway, and the United States--all of them having different child welfare philosophies and systems as well as histories and practices in immigration. By comparing policies and practices in child welfare systems (and welfare states), especially in terms of how they conceptualize and deal with immigrant children and their families, we address an immensely important and pressing issue in modern societies. Immigrants in the child welfare system are a critical issue and they seem to face serious challenges that are evident across countries. These are challenges related to lack of language proficiency, lack of knowledge about cultural and social aspects and about the public systems of the destination country. Perhaps most relevantly, the challenges may include collisions of ideas and beliefs about how to raise children, about children's place in the family and society, and about children's rights.

Child Welfare Removals by the State

A Cross-Country Analysis of Decision-Making Systems

Author: Kenneth Burns,Marit Skivenes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190459565

Category: Child welfare

Page: 272

View: 7493

Child Welfare Removals by the State addresses a most important (but little-researched) legal proceeding: when the State intervenes in the private family sphere to remove children at risk to a place of safety, adoption, or in other forms of out-of-home care. It is an intervention into the private family sphere that is intrusive, contested, and a last resort. States' interventions in the family are decided within legal and political orders and traditions that constitute a country's policies, welfare state model, child protection system, and childrens position in a society. However, we lack a cross-country analysis of the different models of decision-making in a European context. This text aims to present new research at the intersection of social work, law, and social policy concerning child protection proceedings for children in need of alternative care. It explores the role of court-based and voluntary decision-making systems in child protection proceedings, its effects, dynamics, and meanings in seven European countries and the United States, and analyses the tensions and dilemmas between children, parents, and socio-legal professionals. The book consists of eight country chapters, plus an introduction and conclusion chapters. The range of countries of countries represented in the book covers the social democratic Nordic countries (Finland, Norway, and Sweden), the conservative corporatist regimes (Germany and Switzerland), the neo-liberal (England, Ireland, and the United States), and related child welfare systems. "

Child Welfare Practice with Immigrant Children and Families

Author: Alan Dettlaff,Rowena Fong

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317979044

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 176

View: 4462

Children in immigrant families represent nearly one-fourth of all children living in the United States. As this population of children has increased, so has their representation among children involved in child welfare and related systems. Once immigrant families come to the attention of these systems, they often have multiple and complex needs that must be addressed to ensure children’s safety and well-being. Culturally competent practice with Latino, Asian, and African immigrants requires that professionals understand the impact of immigration and acculturation on immigrant families to conduct adequate assessments and provide interventions that respond appropriately to their needs. Professionals also need to be familiar with federal and state policies that affect immigrant families and how those policies may affect service delivery. At the system level, child welfare agencies need to educate and train a culturally competent workforce that responds appropriately to children and families from diverse cultures. This book addresses these critical issues and provides recommendations for the development of culturally competent assessment, intervention, and prevention activities in child welfare agencies. This information can be used as a resource by child welfare administrators, practitioners, and students to improve the child welfare system’s response to immigrant children and families and promote culturally competent practice. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Public Child Welfare.

Child Welfare for the Twenty-first Century

A Handbook of Practices, Policies, and Programs

Author: Gerald P. Mallon,Peg McCartt Hess

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231130724

Category: Political Science

Page: 764

View: 8399

This up-to-date and comprehensive resource by leaders in child welfare is the first book to reflect the impact of the Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) of 1997. The text serves as a single-source reference for a wide array of professionals who work in children, youth, and family services in the United States-policymakers, social workers, psychologists, educators, attorneys, guardians ad litem, and family court judges& mdash;and as a text for students of child welfare practice and policy. Features include: * Organized around ASFA's guiding principles of well-being, safety, and permanency * Focus on evidence-based "best practices" * Case examples integrated throughout * First book to include data from the first round of National Child and Family Service Reviews Topics discussed include the latest on prevention of child abuse and neglect and child protective services; risk and resilience in child development; engaging families; connecting families with public and community resources; health and mental health care needs of children and adolescents; domestic violence; substance abuse in the family; family preservation services; family support services and the integration of family-centered practices in child welfare; gay and lesbian adolescents and their families; children with disabilities; and runaway and homeless youth. The contributors also explore issues pertaining to foster care and adoption, including a focus on permanency planning for children and youth and the need to provide services that are individualized and culturally and spiritually responsive to clients. A review of salient systemic issues in the field of children, youth, and family services completes this collection.

Immigrant and Refugee Children and Families

Culturally Responsive Practice

Author: Alan J. Dettlaff

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780231172851


Page: 544

View: 2497

Designed for students of social work, public policy, ethnic studies, community development, and migration studies, this textbook provides the best knowledge for culturally responsive practice with immigrant children, adolescents, and families. The text addresses the policy landscape affecting immigrant and refugee children in the United States, and a final section examines current and future approaches to advocacy.

Catching a Case

Inequality and Fear in New York City's Child Welfare System

Author: Tina Lee

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813576164

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 258

View: 1420

Influenced by news reports of young children brutalized by their parents, most of us see the role of child services as the prevention of severe physical abuse. But as Tina Lee shows in Catching a Case, most child welfare cases revolve around often ill-founded charges of neglect, and the parents swept into the system are generally struggling but loving, fighting to raise their children in the face of crushing poverty, violent crime, poor housing, lack of childcare, and failing schools. Lee explored the child welfare system in New York City, observing family courts, interviewing parents and following them through the system, asking caseworkers for descriptions of their work and their decision-making processes, and discussing cases with attorneys on all sides. What she discovered about the system is troubling. Lee reveals that, in the face of draconian budget cuts and a political climate that blames the poor for their own poverty, child welfare practices have become punitive, focused on removing children from their families and on parental compliance with rules. Rather than provide needed help for families, case workers often hold parents to standards almost impossible for working-class and poor parents to meet. For instance, parents can be accused of neglect for providing inadequate childcare or housing even when they cannot afford anything better. In many cases, child welfare exacerbates family problems and sometimes drives parents further into poverty while the family court system does little to protect their rights. Catching a Case is a much-needed wake-up call to improve the child welfare system, and to offer more comprehensive social services that will allow all children to thrive.

Creating Positive Systems of Child and Family Welfare

Congruence with the Everyday Lives of Children and Parents

Author: Gary Cameron,Marshall Fine,Sarah Maiter,Karen Frensch,Nancy Freymond

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666277

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 8285

The North American approach to child protection is broadly accepted, despite frequent criticisms of its core limitations: parental fear and resistance, the limited range of services and supports available to families, escalating costs, and high stress and turnover among service providers. Could these shortcomings be improved through organizational or system reform? Based on findings from a decade’s worth of research, Creating Positive Systems of Child and Family Welfare provides original reflections on the everyday realities of families and front-line service providers involved with the system. It includes data from a variety of regions and situations, all linked together through a common investigatory framework. The contributors highlight areas of concern in current approaches to child and family welfare, but also propose new solutions that would make the system more welcoming and helpful both for families and for service providers.

Fragile Families

Foster Care, Immigration, and Citizenship

Author: Naomi Glenn-Levin Rodriguez

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812249380

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 4564

Fragile Families examines the precarious position of Latina/o families who are simultaneously caught up in systems of child welfare and immigration enforcement, focusing on the central role of child welfare decision-making in producing and maintaining boundaries of citizenship, race, and national belonging in the United States.

New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research

Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Committee on Law and Justice,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Child Maltreatment Research, Policy, and Practice for the Next Decade: Phase II

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309285151

Category: Social Science

Page: 442

View: 466

Each year, child protective services receive reports of child abuse and neglect involving six million children, and many more go unreported. The long-term human and fiscal consequences of child abuse and neglect are not relegated to the victims themselves -- they also impact their families, future relationships, and society. In 1993, the National Research Council (NRC) issued the report, Under-standing Child Abuse and Neglect, which provided an overview of the research on child abuse and neglect. New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research updates the 1993 report and provides new recommendations to respond to this public health challenge. According to this report, while there has been great progress in child abuse and neglect research, a coordinated, national research infrastructure with high-level federal support needs to be established and implemented immediately. New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research recommends an actionable framework to guide and support future child abuse and neglect research. This report calls for a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to child abuse and neglect research that examines factors related to both children and adults across physical, mental, and behavioral health domains--including those in child welfare, economic support, criminal justice, education, and health care systems--and assesses the needs of a variety of subpopulations. It should also clarify the causal pathways related to child abuse and neglect and, more importantly, assess efforts to interrupt these pathways. New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research identifies four areas to look to in developing a coordinated research enterprise: a national strategic plan, a national surveillance system, a new generation of researchers, and changes in the federal and state programmatic and policy response.

Madness, Distress and the Politics of Disablement

Author: Spandler, Helen,Anderson, Jill,Bob Sapey

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447314573

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 443

One of the ways that scholars and policy makers have attempted to address the problems of madness and distress is by applying theories and policies from disability, including the social model of disability. This book brings together leading scholars and activists from Europe, North America, Australia, and India to explore the challenges to that approach and the relationship among madness, distress, and disability.

Out of Harm's Way

Creating an Effective Child Welfare System

Author: Richard Gelles

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190618019


Page: 200

View: 9858

Despite many well-intentioned efforts to create, revise, reform, and establish an effective child welfare system in the United States, the system continues to fail to ensure the safety and well-being of maltreated children. Out of Harm's Way explores the following four critical aspects of thesystem and presents a specific change in each that would lead to lasting improvements.- Deciding who is the client. Child welfare systems attempt to balance the needs of the child and those of the parents, often failing both. Clearly answering this question is the most important, yet unaddressed, issue facing the child welfare system.- Decisions. The key task for a caseworker is not to provide services but to make decisions regarding child abuse and neglect, case goals, and placement; however, practitioners have only the crudest tools at their disposal when making what are literally life and death decisions.- The Perverse Incentive. Billions of dollars are spent each year to place and maintain children in out-of-home care. Foster care is meant to be short-term, yet the existing federal funding serves as a perverse incentive to keep children in out-of-home placements.- Aging out. More than 20,000 youth age out of the foster care system each year, and yet what the system calls "emancipation" could more accurately be viewed as child neglect. After having spent months, years, or longer moving from placement to placement, aging-out youth are suddenly thrust intohomelessness, unemployment, welfare, and oppressive disadvantage.The chapters in this book offer a blueprint for reform that eschews the tired cycle of a tragedy followed by outrage and calls for more money, staff, training, and lawsuits that provide, at best, fleeting relief as a new complacency slowly sets in until the cycle repeats. If we want, instead, to trysomething else, the changes that Gelles outlines in this book are affordable, scalable, and proven.

Child Abuse and Culture

Working with Diverse Families

Author: Lisa Aronson Fontes

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781593851309

Category: Psychology

Page: 239

View: 3730

Highly readable and accessible, this expertly written book provides a framework for culturally competent practice with children and families in child maltreatment cases. Numerous workable strategies and concrete examples are presented to help readers address cultural concerns at each stage of the assessment and intervention process. Professionals and students learn new ways of thinking about their own cultural viewpoints as they gain critical skills for maximizing the accuracy of assessments for physical and sexual abuse; overcoming language barriers in parent and child interviews; building rapport with clients from diverse cultural groups; respecting families' values and beliefs while ensuring children's safety; collaborating with clergy, extended family members, and others in the client's support system; and creating an agency environment that is welcoming and respectful to all.

Working With Immigrant Families

A Practical Guide for Counselors

Author: Adam Zagelbaum,Jon Carlson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135967830

Category: Psychology

Page: 296

View: 5708

Working With Immigrant Families examines the theoretical and practice-based issues that must be considered by counseling professionals when performing family therapy with immigrant clients. It provides practitioners with insights into why immigrant families come to the United States, the processes that unfold while they do, and the steps that can be taken to help these families make the most of their experience in their new country.

Nobody's Children

Abuse and Neglect, Foster Drift, and the Adoption Alternative

Author: Elizabeth Bartholet

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 9780807023198

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 304

View: 2086

Argues that the current system of adoption in the United States is not in the best interest of the children.

Representing Parents in Child Welfare Cases

Advice and Guidance for Family Defenders

Author: Vivek S. Sankaran,Martin Guggenheim

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781634252973

Category: Law

Page: 500

View: 6818

Representing Parents in Child Welfare Cases is a guide for attorneys representing parents accused of parental unfitness due to abuse or neglect. Competent legal representation is often the sole support a parent has when working with the child welfare system. This book provides practical tips for attorneys at each stage of the process.

Migrant Youth, Transnational Families, and the State

Care and Contested Interests

Author: Lauren Heidbrink

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812246047

Category: Law

Page: 208

View: 307

Each year, more than half a million migrant children journey from countries around the globe and enter the United States with no lawful immigration status; many of them have no parent or legal guardian to provide care and custody. Yet little is known about their experiences in a nation that may simultaneously shelter children while initiating proceedings to deport them, nor about their safety or well-being if repatriated. Migrant Youth, Transnational Families, and the State examines the draconian immigration policies that detain unaccompanied migrant children and draws on U.S. historical, political, legal, and institutional practices to contextualize the lives of children and youth as they move through federal detention facilities, immigration and family courts, federal foster care programs, and their communities across the United States and Central America. Through interviews with children and their families, attorneys, social workers, policy-makers, law enforcement, and diplomats, anthropologist Lauren Heidbrink foregrounds the voices of migrant children and youth who must navigate the legal and emotional terrain of U.S. immigration policy. Cast as victims by humanitarian organizations and delinquents by law enforcement, these unauthorized minors challenge Western constructions of child dependence and family structure. Heidbrink illuminates the enduring effects of immigration enforcement on its young charges, their families, and the state, ultimately questioning whose interests drive decisions about the care and custody of migrant youth.

From Pariahs to Partners

How parents and their allies changed New York City's child welfare system

Author: David Tobis

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0195099885

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 5921

In the early 1990s 50,000 children were in New York City's foster care system. By 2011 there were fewer than 15,000. In his book, David Tobis shows how such radical change was driven largely by a movement of mothers whose children had been placed into foster care, who fought to become advocates and stakeholders in a system that had previously viewed them as part of the problem. This book serves as an example of how advocates can change a system, as told from the perspective of key figures, change agents, and the parent advocates themselves.

Child Welfare Issues and Perspectives

Author: Steven J. Quintero

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated


Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 171

View: 5388

Research suggests that placement in kinship care is directly linked to a decrease in the total number of displacement disruptions for children in the child welfare system. However, Hispanic children appear at a higher risk for non-kinship care placement. This book addresses such problems and policies on kinship care and barriers to implementation of child welfare policies with immigrant and mixed-status children. Child welfare is also closely related to parent-child connections. Thus, the parent-child connection is discussed as well as the authoritative/supportive parenting styles of the mother and father, which seem to protect adolescents against substance abuse. The rural-urban malnutrition rates of children living in up to 93 countries were examined and discussed. Political stability and how it affects the rural-urban malnutrition ratio, especially in democratic systems were also looked at. In addition, the human welfare system in North Korea was examined, for example, by looking at the heights of their children. Stature can be assumed to appropriately indicate child welfare issues in many situations. Other such advantages and disadvantage indicators are discussed in this book. Finally, the organisation of the delivery of social services to waiting children and the prospective adoptive families, which influence adoption creation are reviewed. Cross-section time-series estimates are supplemented with a new augmented fixed effects procedure to demonstrate that the use of contracts with private agencies bolsters adoption creation.

Immigrants and Welfare

The Impact of Welfare Reform on America's Newcomers

Author: Michael E. Fix

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610446224

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 3044

The lore of the immigrant who comes to the United States to take advantage of our welfare system has a long history in America's collective mythology, but it has little basis in fact. The so-called problem of immigrants on the dole was nonetheless a major concern of the 1996 welfare reform law, the impact of which is still playing out today. While legal immigrants continue to pay taxes and are eligible for the draft, welfare reform has severely limited their access to government supports in times of crisis. Edited by Michael Fix, Immigrants and Welfare rigorously assesses the welfare reform law, questions whether its immigrant provisions were ever really necessary, and examines its impact on legal immigrants' ability to integrate into American society. Immigrants and Welfare draws on fields from demography and law to developmental psychology. The first part of the volume probes the politics behind the welfare reform law, its legal underpinnings, and what it may mean for integration policy. Contributor Ron Haskins makes a case for welfare reform's ultimate success but cautions that excluding noncitizen children (future workers) from benefits today will inevitably have serious repercussions for the American economy down the road. Michael Wishnie describes the implications of the law for equal protection of immigrants under the U.S. Constitution. The second part of the book focuses on empirical research regarding immigrants' propensity to use benefits before the law passed, and immigrants' use and hardship levels afterwards. Jennifer Van Hook and Frank Bean analyze immigrants' benefit use before the law was passed in order to address the contested sociological theories that immigrants are inclined to welfare use and that it slows their assimilation. Randy Capps, Michael Fix, and Everett Henderson track trends before and after welfare reform in legal immigrants' use of the major federal benefit programs affected by the law. Leighton Ku looks specifically at trends in food stamps and Medicaid use among noncitizen children and adults and documents the declining health insurance coverage of noncitizen parents and children. Finally, Ariel Kalil and Danielle Crosby use longitudinal data from Chicago to examine the health of children in immigrant families that left welfare. Even though few states took the federal government's invitation with the 1996 welfare reform law to completely freeze legal immigrants out of the social safety net, many of the law's most far-reaching provisions remain in place and have significant implications for immigrants. Immigrants and Welfare takes a balanced look at the politics and history of immigrant access to safety-net supports and the ongoing impacts of welfare. Copublished with the Migration Policy Institute

Child Protection Systems

International Trends and Orientations

Author: Neil Gilbert,Nigel Parton,Marit Skivenes

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199793352

Category: Social Science

Page: 273

View: 581

This book builds upon and advances the comparative analysis of child protection systems that was conducted in the mid-1990s. Since the mid-1990s, however, much has changed in the realm of child welfare and how states define and deal with their responsibilities for children at risk. This book sets out to identify and analyse these changes and their implications, with a particular focus on assessing the extent to which the child protection and family service orientations continue to provide a helpful framework for understanding and comparing systems in different countries.