An Introduction to Dynamical Systems

Author: Kathleen Alligood,Tim Sauer,J.A. Yorke

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642592813

Category: Mathematics

Page: 603

View: 8768

BACKGROUND Sir Isaac Newton hrought to the world the idea of modeling the motion of physical systems with equations. It was necessary to invent calculus along the way, since fundamental equations of motion involve velocities and accelerations, of position. His greatest single success was his discovery that which are derivatives the motion of the planets and moons of the solar system resulted from a single fundamental source: the gravitational attraction of the hodies. He demonstrated that the ohserved motion of the planets could he explained hy assuming that there is a gravitational attraction he tween any two ohjects, a force that is proportional to the product of masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. The circular, elliptical, and parabolic orhits of astronomy were v INTRODUCTION no longer fundamental determinants of motion, but were approximations of laws specified with differential equations. His methods are now used in modeling motion and change in all areas of science. Subsequent generations of scientists extended the method of using differ ential equations to describe how physical systems evolve. But the method had a limitation. While the differential equations were sufficient to determine the behavior-in the sense that solutions of the equations did exist-it was frequently difficult to figure out what that behavior would be. It was often impossible to write down solutions in relatively simple algebraic expressions using a finite number of terms. Series solutions involving infinite sums often would not converge beyond some finite time.

An Introduction to Dynamical Systems

Author: D. K. Arrowsmith,C. M. Place

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521316507

Category: Mathematics

Page: 423

View: 3349

In recent years there has been an explosion of research centred on the appearance of so-called 'chaotic behaviour'. This book provides a largely self contained introduction to the mathematical structures underlying models of systems whose state changes with time, and which therefore may exhibit this sort of behaviour. The early part of this book is based on lectures given at the University of London and covers the background to dynamical systems, the fundamental properties of such systems, the local bifurcation theory of flows and diffeomorphisms, Anosov automorphism, the horseshoe diffeomorphism and the logistic map and area preserving planar maps . The authors then go on to consider current research in this field such as the perturbation of area-preserving maps of the plane and the cylinder. This book, which has a great number of worked examples and exercises, many with hints, and over 200 figures, will be a valuable first textbook to both senior undergraduates and postgraduate students in mathematics, physics, engineering, and other areas in which the notions of qualitative dynamics are employed.

Differential Equations, Dynamical Systems, and an Introduction to Chaos

Author: Morris W. Hirsch,Stephen Smale,Robert L. Devaney

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123820103

Category: Mathematics

Page: 418

View: 7653

Hirsch, Devaney, and Smale's classic Differential Equations, Dynamical Systems, and an Introduction to Chaos has been used by professors as the primary text for undergraduate and graduate level courses covering differential equations. It provides a theoretical approach to dynamical systems and chaos written for a diverse student population among the fields of mathematics, science, and engineering. Prominent experts provide everything students need to know about dynamical systems as students seek to develop sufficient mathematical skills to analyze the types of differential equations that arise in their area of study. The authors provide rigorous exercises and examples clearly and easily by slowly introducing linear systems of differential equations. Calculus is required as specialized advanced topics not usually found in elementary differential equations courses are included, such as exploring the world of discrete dynamical systems and describing chaotic systems. Classic text by three of the world's most prominent mathematicians Continues the tradition of expository excellence Contains updated material and expanded applications for use in applied studies

Gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen

Author: Vladimir I. Arnold

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642564801

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

View: 9256

nen (die fast unverändert in moderne Lehrbücher der Analysis übernommen wurde) ermöglichten ihm nach seinen eigenen Worten, "in einer halben Vier telstunde" die Flächen beliebiger Figuren zu vergleichen. Newton zeigte, daß die Koeffizienten seiner Reihen proportional zu den sukzessiven Ableitungen der Funktion sind, doch ging er darauf nicht weiter ein, da er zu Recht meinte, daß die Rechnungen in der Analysis bequemer auszuführen sind, wenn man nicht mit höheren Ableitungen arbeitet, sondern die ersten Glieder der Reihenentwicklung ausrechnet. Für Newton diente der Zusammenhang zwischen den Koeffizienten der Reihe und den Ableitungen eher dazu, die Ableitungen zu berechnen als die Reihe aufzustellen. Eine von Newtons wichtigsten Leistungen war seine Theorie des Sonnensy stems, die in den "Mathematischen Prinzipien der Naturlehre" ("Principia") ohne Verwendung der mathematischen Analysis dargestellt ist. Allgemein wird angenommen, daß Newton das allgemeine Gravitationsgesetz mit Hilfe seiner Analysis entdeckt habe. Tatsächlich hat Newton (1680) lediglich be wiesen, daß die Bahnkurven in einem Anziehungsfeld Ellipsen sind, wenn die Anziehungskraft invers proportional zum Abstandsquadrat ist: Auf das Ge setz selbst wurde Newton von Hooke (1635-1703) hingewiesen (vgl. § 8) und es scheint, daß es noch von weiteren Forschern vermutet wurde.

An Introduction To Chaotic Dynamical Systems

Author: Robert Devaney

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429981937

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 4183

The study of nonlinear dynamical systems has exploded in the past 25 years, and Robert L. Devaney has made these advanced research developments accessible to undergraduate and graduate mathematics students as well as researchers in other disciplines with the introduction of this widely praised book. In this second edition of his best-selling text, Devaney includes new material on the orbit diagram fro maps of the interval and the Mandelbrot set, as well as striking color photos illustrating both Julia and Mandelbrot sets. This book assumes no prior acquaintance with advanced mathematical topics such as measure theory, topology, and differential geometry. Assuming only a knowledge of calculus, Devaney introduces many of the basic concepts of modern dynamical systems theory and leads the reader to the point of current research in several areas.

Die Erforschung des Chaos

Eine Einführung für Naturwissenschaftler und Ingenieure

Author: John H. Argyris,Gunter Faust,Maria Haase

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322904415

Category: Mathematics

Page: 790

View: 7265

Das Buch stellt die grundlegenden Konzepte der Chaos-Theorie und die mathematischen Hilfsmittel so elementar wie möglich dar.

Vom Calculus zum Chaos

Author: David J. Acheson

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3486598996

Category: Mathematics

Page: 301

View: 3031

Eine spannende Abhandlung zu ausgewählten Fragen der Mechanik quer durch die Jahrhunderte der Physik. Ohne großen mathematischen Ballast zeigt Acheson, wie hier die Infinitesimalrechnung - oder auch Calculus - den passenden Schlüssel zum Verständnis liefert. Das dynamische Verhalten der vorgestellten Systeme wird sowohl analytisch als auch mit Simulationen untersucht. Dazu werden QBasic-Programme verwendet, die so einfach sind, daß sie jeder leicht zum Laufen bringen und seinen Fragestellungen entsprechend anpassen kann. Der Inhalt wird durch historische Darstellungen der Mechanik und durch Bilder berühmter Physiker und Faksimiles ihrer Originaltexte bereichert. Das Buch für Studenten und Dozenten der Mathematik und Physik ist auch für interessierte Schüler der Oberstufe geeignet.

Nonlinear Dynamics and Quantum Chaos

An Introduction

Author: Sandro Wimberger

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331906343X

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 7810

The field of nonlinear dynamics and chaos has grown very much over the last few decades and is becoming more and more relevant in different disciplines. This book presents a clear and concise introduction to the field of nonlinear dynamics and chaos, suitable for graduate students in mathematics, physics, chemistry, engineering, and in natural sciences in general. It provides a thorough and modern introduction to the concepts of Hamiltonian dynamical systems' theory combining in a comprehensive way classical and quantum mechanical description. It covers a wide range of topics usually not found in similar books. Motivations of the respective subjects and a clear presentation eases the understanding. The book is based on lectures on classical and quantum chaos held by the author at Heidelberg University. It contains exercises and worked examples, which makes it ideal for an introductory course for students as well as for researchers starting to work in the field.

The Joy of x

Die Schönheit der Mathematik

Author: Steven Strogatz

Publisher: Kein & Aber AG

ISBN: 3036992693

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 7969

Mathematik durchdringt den ganzen Kosmos. Das weiß jeder, doch nur die wenigsten verstehen die Zusammenhänge wirklich. Steven Strogatz nimmt uns bei der Hand und spaziert mit uns durch diese Welt der Weisheit, Klarheit und Eleganz. Als Reiseleiter geht er neue, erfrischende Wege, deutet auf Besonderheiten, schildert Hintergründe und erklärt die unsichtbaren Mechanismen. Wir erfahren unter anderem von dem Wunder des Zählens, der genialen Einfachheit der Algebra, dem ewigen Erbe Newtons, dem Tango mit Quadraten, der Zweisamkeit von Primzahlen und der Macht des Unendlichen. Mit all seiner Begeisterung, seinem Scharfblick und seinem leichtem Ton hat Steven Strogatz ein herrliches Buch für alle geschrieben, die ihr Verständnis von Mathematik auf eine neue Art vertiefen möchten.

Nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equations

An Introduction to Dynamical Systems

Author: Dominic William Jordan,Peter Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198565628

Category: Mathematics

Page: 550

View: 7528

The text of this edition has been revised to bring it into line with current teaching, including an expansion of the material on bifurcations and chaos. It is directed towards practical applications of the theory with examples and problems.

A First Course In Chaotic Dynamical Systems

Theory And Experiment

Author: Robert L. Devaney

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0813345472

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 716

A First Course in Chaotic Dynamical Systems: Theory and Experiment is the first book to introduce modern topics in dynamical systems at the undergraduate level. Accessible to readers with only a background in calculus, the book integrates both theory and computer experiments into its coverage of contemporary ideas in dynamics. It is designed as a gradual introduction to the basic mathematical ideas behind such topics as chaos, fractals, Newton's method, symbolic dynamics, the Julia set, and the Mandelbrot set, and includes biographies of some of the leading researchers in the field of dynamical systems. Mathematical and computer experiments are integrated throughout the text to help illustrate the meaning of the theorems presented.Chaotic Dynamical Systems Software, Labs 1–6 is a supplementary laboratory software package, available separately, that allows a more intuitive understanding of the mathematics behind dynamical systems theory. Combined with A First Course in Chaotic Dynamical Systems, it leads to a rich understanding of this emerging field.

Introduction to Applied Nonlinear Dynamical Systems and Chaos

Author: Stephen Wiggins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475740670

Category: Mathematics

Page: 672

View: 5479

This volume is an introduction to applied nonlinear dynamics and chaos. The emphasis is on teaching the techniques and ideas that will enable students to take specific dynamical systems and obtain some quantitative information about their behavior. The new edition has been updated and extended throughout, and contains an extensive bibliography and a detailed glossary of terms.

Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics

An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

Author: Robert C. Hilborn,Amanda and Lisa Cross Professor of Physics Robert Hilborn

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198507239

Category: Mathematics

Page: 650

View: 2996

This is a comprehensive introduction to the exciting scientific field of nonlinear dynamics for students, scientists, and engineers, and requires only minimal prerequisites in physics and mathematics. The book treats all the important areas in the field and provides an extensive and up-to-date bibliography of applications in all fields of science, social science, economics, and even the arts.

Chaotic Dynamics

Fractals, Tilings, and Substitutions

Author: Geoffrey R. Goodson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107112672

Category: Mathematics

Page: 350

View: 3130

This rigorous undergraduate introduction to dynamical systems is an accessible guide for mathematics students advancing from calculus.

Chaotic and Fractal Dynamics

Introduction for Applied Scientists and Engineers

Author: Francis C. Moon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527617515

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 2402

A revision of a professional text on the phenomena of chaotic vibrations in fluids and solids. Major changes reflect the latest developments in this fast-moving topic, the introduction of problems to every chapter, additional mathematics and applications, more coverage of fractals, numerous computer and physical experiments. Contains eight pages of 4-color pictures.

Introduction to Mathematical Modeling and Chaotic Dynamics

Author: Ranjit Kumar Upadhyay,Satteluri R. K. Iyengar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439898863

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 6791

Introduction to Mathematical Modeling and Chaotic Dynamics focuses on mathematical models in natural systems, particularly ecological systems. Most of the models presented are solved using MATLAB®. The book first covers the necessary mathematical preliminaries, including testing of stability. It then describes the modeling of systems from natural science, focusing on one- and two-dimensional continuous and discrete time models. Moving on to chaotic dynamics, the authors discuss ways to study chaos, types of chaos, and methods for detecting chaos. They also explore chaotic dynamics in single and multiple species systems. The text concludes with a brief discussion on models of mechanical systems and electronic circuits. Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, this book provides a practical understanding of how the models are used in current natural science and engineering applications. Along with a variety of exercises and solved examples, the text presents all the fundamental concepts and mathematical skills needed to build models and perform analyses.

Introduction to the Modern Theory of Dynamical Systems

Author: Anatole Katok,Boris Hasselblatt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521575577

Category: Mathematics

Page: 802

View: 5580

This book provides a self-contained comprehensive exposition of the theory of dynamical systems. The book begins with a discussion of several elementary but crucial examples. These are used to formulate a program for the general study of asymptotic properties and to introduce the principal theoretical concepts and methods. The main theme of the second part of the book is the interplay between local analysis near individual orbits and the global complexity of the orbit structure. The third and fourth parts develop the theories of low-dimensional dynamical systems and hyperbolic dynamical systems in depth. The book is aimed at students and researchers in mathematics at all levels from advanced undergraduate and up.