Caring for the Poor

Islamic and Christian Benevolence in a Liberal World

Author: Cihan Tugal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351700987

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 1286

Based on several years of fieldwork in Egypt and Turkey, Caring for the Poor tells the stories of charity providers and volunteers. The book also places their stories within the overall development of Islamic ethics. Muslim charity, Tu?al argues, has interacted with Christian and secular Western ethics over the centuries, which themselves have a conflict-ridden and still evolving history. The overall arch that connects all of these distinct elements is (a combined and uneven) liberalization. Liberalization tends to transform care into a cold, calculating, and individualizing set of practices. Caring for the Poor meticulously documents this insidious process in Egypt and Turkey, while also drawing attention to its limits and contradictions (by using the American case to highlight the contested nature of liberalization even in its world leader). However, as historians have shown, charitable actors have intervened in decisive ways in the rise and demise of social formations. Tu?al raises the possibility, especially through his study of two controversial Turkish organizations, that Islamic charity might appropriate elements of liberalism to shift the world in a post-liberal direction.

Early Christian Care for the Poor

An Alternative Subsistence Strategy under Roman Imperial Rule

Author: K. C. Richardson

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1498296521

Category: Religion

Page: 238

View: 6247

Beginning with Jesus’s ministry in the villages of Galilee and continuing over the course of the first three centuries as the movement expanded geographically and numerically throughout the Roman world, the Christians organized their house churches, at least in part, to provide subsistence insurance for their needy members. While the Pax Romana created conditions of relative peace and growing prosperity, the problem of poverty persisted in Rome’s fundamentally agrarian economy. Modeling their economic values and practices on the traditional patterns of the rural village, the Christians created an alternative subsistence strategy in the cities of the Roman empire by emphasizing need, rather than virtue, as the main criterion for determining the recipients of their generous giving.

Health Care for the Poor and Uninsured

Strategies that Work

Author: Nellie Tate,Kevin Kavanagh

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781560243151

Category: Medical

Page: 98

View: 9113

This important book focuses on the promotion, coordination, and financing of health care services for poor and uninsured people. Sharing information on strategies and programs that really work, Health Care for the Poor and Uninsured is full of much-needed guidance and encouragement for professionals struggling to provide accessible and affordable health care services to these groups. It describes techniques to promote access to health services, innovative approaches to public/private collaboration in the delivery of services, financial strategies of health maintenance organizations, and the formation of foundations to fund health care delivery. Although the studies in the book are of successful programs for pregnant women, infants, and children, groups often in the greatest need, the strategies incorporated by these programs are easily adapted to serve other populations. Some of the topics addressed in this informative guide include: effective use of nurse practitioners and midwives to provide prenatal care a description of referral systems which promotes the coordination of public and private sectors hospital financial support of state screening programs aggressive outreach programs to reach special populations factors influencing family selection of a health care provider new approaches to funding long-term care the use of outreach clinics and a coordinated referral system. Professionals interested in developing effective programs to help alleviate the nation's health care problems will find Health Care for the Poor and Uninsured a useful tool with which to start. Social workers, nurses, physicians, health care administrators, and students of these professions can make informed suggestions and decisions on strategies for delivering health care services to the poor and uninsured from this practical book.


Improving Health Care for the Poor

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821344934

Category: Medical

Page: 69

View: 1668

"The Peruvian health sector has recovered rapidly after collapsing in the late 1980s and early 1990s as a result of hyperinflation and terrorism. Total public and private spending on health rose by over 50% in real terms in the three years after 1994. The supply of health services increased sharply,... Health outcomes have also improved rapidly in recent years..."Several reforms were attempted during the health sector's recuperative years. Some were successful, others failed. To increase the chances for success in the future, policymakers in Peru must face three key challenges: • continue to reduce the large gap between the health status of the poor and that of the nonpoor; • increase the resources assigned to provide care for the poor; • increase the efficiency in the use of these resources. This report is meant to help the Government continue to develop its agenda to improve health care for the poor. Its focus is on poverty, and particularly on ways to improve the Ministry of Health's primary health subprogram, rather than on sector-wide reforms, to increase efficiency. The report emphasizes that there is much to be gained by sustaining and deepening the reforms directed toward improving health care for the poor while using the shift in focus and responding to the key challenges. The executive summary and introduction are provided in both English and Spanish.

Free Medical Care to the Poor

The Case of State Aided Charitable Hospitals in Mumbai

Author: Oommen C Kurian

Publisher: Centre for Enquiry into Health and Allied Themes

ISBN: 8189042645

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 94

View: 6788

Charitable Trust Hospitals get various benefits from the government such as land, electricity at subsidised rates, concessions on import duty and income tax, in return for which they are expected to provide free treatment to a certain number of indigent patients. In 2005, a scheme was instituted by the high court formalising that 20 per cent beds set aside for free and concessional treatment at these hospitals. In Mumbai, these hospitals have a combined capacity of more than 1600 beds. However, it has been brought to light both by the government and the media that these hospitals routinely flout their legal obligations. Considering that charitable hospitals are key resources for provisioning of health services to an already strained public health system it is vital to ensure their accountability.This study by CEHAT intended to look at the literature on the history of state aided charitable hospitals in Mumbai, and appraise the nature of engagement between the private sector and the state aided hospitals. It critically reviewed the data submitted by the state aided charitable hospitals of Mumbai to the Charity Commissioner on free and subsidised patients, to estimate the degree of compliance to by the hospitals and also to monitor them. The study found that a substantial number of state aided charitable hospitals do not comply with the scheme, and the degree of non compliance is quite high. Most state aided charitable hospitals never allotted the mandatory 20% beds for treating the poor and instead complained that they were treating too many patients. Data reported to the Charity Commission by the state aided charitable hospitals is inadequate, inconsistent and unsystematic. Charitable hospitals predominantly treat indigent or weaker section patients at the outpatient level because outpatient (OP) admissions can be passed off as in patient (IP) admissions in the current scheme of things and frees an extra bed that can earn thousands of rupees per day. State aided charitable hospitals invariably underreported donations and bed numbers at the office of the Charity Commissioner. No matter how serious the allegations were, no kind of penalties were levied on the offending hospitals. There was not a single instance where disciplinary action was taken against an offending hospital in Mumbai. We hope that the findings of the study would be useful in making key recommendations for effective implementation of the high court scheme, especially for guaranteeing access to the poor to the 20% beds that are set aside.

The Future U.S. Healthcare System

Who Will Care for the Poor and Uninsured?

Author: Stuart H. Altman,Uwe E. Reinhardt,Alexandra E. Shields

Publisher: N.A


Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 426

View: 8873

This timely book draws on some of the most well-respected experts in the country to examine the role of individual citizens, private charities, employers, & government in providing healthcare access &/or services to those who are unable to pay.

Health Insurance for the Poor

Initial Impacts of Vietnam's Health Care Fund for the Poor

Author: Adam Wagstaff

Publisher: World Bank Publications


Category: Child development

Page: 33

View: 3522

Vietnam's Health Care Fund for the Poor (HCFP) uses government revenues to finance health care for the poor, ethnic minorities living in selected mountainous provinces designated as difficult, and all households living in communes officially designated as highly disadvantaged. The program, which started in 2003, did not as of 2004 include all these groups, but those who were included (about 15 percent of the population) were disproportionately poor. Estimates of the program's impact-obtained using single differences and propensity score matching on a trimmed sample-suggest that HCFP has substantially increased service utilization, especially in-patient care, and has reduced the risk of catastrophic spending. It has not, however, reduced average out-of-pocket spending, and appears to have had negligible impacts on utilization among the poorest decile.

Mother Teresa

Author: EPUB 2-3

Publisher: Infobase Learning

ISBN: 1438147414


Page: N.A

View: 2032


Aging: Caring for Our Elders

Author: David N. Weisstub,David C. Thomasma,S. Gauthier,G.F. Tomossy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401706751

Category: Medical

Page: 244

View: 8899

Positive conceptions of ‘healthy aging’ are rightly displacing negative ageist perceptions of older members of our society. Nevertheless, at some stage, most elderly citizens will require some form of assistance from other members of society. When the body or mind begins to fail, a legitimate need for intervention and care will arise. This second volume on Aging discusses this theme.

Caring for the Vulnerable

Perspectives in Nursing Theory, Practice, and Research

Author: Mary De Chesnay

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763747640

Category: Medical

Page: 473

View: 324

Vulnerability is explored from the prespective of individuals, groups, and communities. The chapters address the many private faces of vulnerability and the implication of that vulnerability for nurses, and nursing care.

Health Care Politics and Policy in America

Author: Kant Patel

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765628473


Page: 290

View: 7377

Fully updated for this new edition, Health Care Politics and Policy in America combines background and context for the evolution of U.S. health care policy with analysis of recent trends and current issues. The book introduces public policy students to the complex array of health care issues, and health care professionals to the study of public policy. It provides comprehensive coverage of policy issues related to health care at the federal, state, and provider/patient levels, from Medicare and Medicaid funding and managed care to medical liability law and ongoing debates over the beginning of life and end-of-life decisions. Health Care Politics and Policy in America successfully integrates political, ethical, economic, legal, technological, and medical factors in an issue-focused survey of U.S. health care policy. It includes a chronology of health care-policy-related events and legislation from 1798 through 2005, and an appendix comparing medical malpractice tort laws state-by-state.

Health Financing for Poor People

Resource Mobilization and Risk Sharing

Author: Alexander S. Preker,Guy Carrin

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821355252

Category: Medical

Page: 446

View: 902

One of the most urgent development challenges facing many low and middle income countries is the need for adequate financing systems to pay for health care provision to the estimated 1.3 billion impoverished people living in rural areas or working in the informal sector in urban areas. This publication considers ways of improving the financing of health care at low income levels, as part of a global strategy for increased investment in health and poverty reduction. Topics discussed include: global and regional trends in healthcare financing; strengths and weaknesses of community-based health financing, and experiences in Asia and Africa; country case studies using household survey analysis from Senegal, Rwanda, India and Thailand; deficit financing; and the impact of risk sharing on achieving health system goals.

The Invisible Caring Hand

American Congregations and the Provision of Welfare

Author: Ram Cnaan

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814772676

Category: Religion

Page: 329

View: 862

Popular calls to transform our current welfare system and supplant it with effective and inexpensive faith-based providers are gaining political support and engendering heated debate about the separation of church and state. Yet we lack concrete information from which to anticipate how such initiatives might actually work if adopted. Despite the assumption that congregations can help many needy people in our society, it remains to be seen how extensive they wish their involvement to be, or if they have the necessary tools to become significant providers in the social service arena. Moreover, how will such practices, which will move faith-based organizations towards professionalization, ultimately affect the spirit of volunteerism now prevalent in America's religious institutions? We lack sufficient knowledge about congregational life and its ability to play a key role in social service provision. The Invisible Caring Hand attempts to fill that void. Based on in-depth interviews with clergy and lay leaders in 251 congregations nationwide, it reveals the many ways in which congregations are already working, beneath the radar, to care for people in need. This ground-breaking volume will provide much-sought empirical data to social scientists, religious studies scholars, and those involved in the debates over the role of faith-based organizations in faith-based services, as well as to clergy and congregation members themselves.

The Poor in ASEAN Cities

Perspectives in Health Care Management

Author: Trinidad S. Osteria

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9813035765

Category: Atención médica - Países de la Asociación de Naciones de Asia del Sudeste

Page: 186

View: 4594

The book analyses the major problems and issues facing health care decision-makers and practitioners in the planning and implementation of primary health programmes as they pertain to the urban poor. The major concern is the degree to which commonalities transcend the variations in the health programmes of four cities in the region: Bangkok, Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, and Manila. The systematic analysis of current health policies and programmes is based on three approaches: the review of present documents and literature addressed to the health problems of the poor; a survey of health planners and providers, and the community; and case studies on community participation in health care in impoverished urban communities.

The Safety-Net Health Care System

Health Care at the Margins

Author: Gunnar Almgren, MSW, PhD,Taryn Lindhorst, MSW, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826105726

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 1668

"This is the only book currently available that fully addresses all aspects of the safety net for healthcare." Score: 96, 4 Stars--Doody's Medical Reviews "[T]his complex treatment of a complex topic represents a valuable contribution to the health services literature."--INQUIRY "The Safety-Net Health Care System offers a road map to help safety-net providers overcome personal prejudices, understand why certain patients become ìdifficultî or fail to adhere to treatment, and deal with the stress of working in safety-net environments."--Health Affairs A unique and authoritative guide to the US safety-net health care system, this book addresses how various populations and their difficult health and socio-economic issues are dealt with and impacted by the system. Drs. Gunnar Almgren and Taryn Lindhorst, experts in the fields of social work and public health, provide critical, much-needed insight into the safety-net system and how the recession, unemployment, and reform have accelerated its growth. Ideal for graduate students and early professionals in the health professions, this textbook: Includes narratives from patients and caregivers that help readers understand and empathize with the poor, homeless, and other vulnerable populations affected by the safety-net system Discusses various health issues, including: violence, chronic diseases, mental illness, victimization, and substance abuse/addiction Examines overlaps in US public health, social work, nursing, and medical education Analyzes the differences between the populations that depend on safety-net system providers and more advantaged populations that have access to the mainstream health care system

Poverty and the Underclass

Changing Perceptions of the Poor in America

Author: William A. Kelso

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814749003

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 7523

The much-heralded War on Poverty has failed. The number of children living in poverty is steadily on the rise and an increasingly destructive underclass brutalizes urban neighborhoods. America's patience with the poor seems to have run out: even cities that have traditionally been havens for the homeless are arresting, harassing, and expelling their street people. In this timely work, William Kelso analyzes how the persistence of poverty has resulted in a reversal of liberal and conservative positions during the last thirty years. While liberals in the 1960s hoped to eliminate the causes of poverty, today they increasingly seem resigned to merely treating its effects. The original liberal objective of giving the poor a helping hand by promoting equal opportunity has given way to a new agenda of entitlements and equal results. In contrast, conservatives who once suggested that trying to eliminate poverty was futile, now seek ways to eradicate the actual causes of poverty. Poverty and the Underclass suggests that the arguments of both the left and right are misguided and offers new explanations for the persistence of poverty. Looking beyond the codewords that have come to obscure the debate—underclass, family values, the culture of poverty,—Kelso emphasizes that poverty is not a monolithic condition, but a vast and multidimensional problem. During his Presidential campaign, Bill Clinton called for an overhaul of the welfare system and spoke of a new covenant to unite both the left and right in developing a common agenda for fighting poverty. In this urgent, landmark work, William Kelso merges conservative, radical, and liberal ideals to suggest how the intractable problem of poverty may be solved at long last by implementing the principles of this new covenant.

Past caring

a history of U.S. preschool care and education for the poor, 1820-1965

Author: Emily D. Cahan

Publisher: National Center for Children in Poverty


Category: Education

Page: 59

View: 2906


Children in Care

The Development of the Service for the Deprived Child

Author: Jean S. Heywood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136249796

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 4721

First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.