Cannibalism and the Colonial World

Author: Peter Hulme,Margaret Iversen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521629089

Category: History

Page: 309

View: 867

In Cannibalism and the Colonial World, an international team of specialists from a variety of disciplines discusses the historical and cultural significance of Western fascination with the topic of cannibalism. Addressing the image as it appears in a series of texts--popular culture, film, literature, travel writing and anthropology--the essays range from classical times to contemporary critical discourse. This group of literary and anthropological scholars places the discussion of cannibalism in the context of postcolonial and cultural studies.
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The Cannibal Within

Author: Lewis F. Petrinovich

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202369501

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 3029

The Cannibal Within offers an evolutionary account of the propensity of human beings, in extreme circumstances to eat other human beings, despite the strong Western taboo against such practices. What sets this volume apart from the large body of literature on cannibalism, both popular and anthropological, is the underlying premise: cannibalism as an alternative to starvation is tacitly condoned by the same biological morality that would condemn cannibalism of other sorts in non-threatening situations. Deep as the taboos may be, the survival instinct runs even deeper. The title of the book reflects the author's belief that cannibalism is not a pathology that erupts in psychotic individuals, but is a universal adaptive strategy that is evolutionarily sound. The cannibal is within all of us, and cannibals are within all cultures, should the circumstances demand cannibalism's appearance and usage. Petrinovich's work is rich in historical detail, and rises to a level of theoretical sophistication in addressing a subject too often dealt with in sensationalist terms. The major instances in which survival cannibalism has occurred convinced the author that there is a consistent pattern and a uniform regularity of order in which different kinds of individuals are consumed. In considering who eats whom, when, and under what circumstances, this regularity appears, and it is consistent with what would be expected on the basis of evolutionary or Darwinian theory. In short, he concludes that starvation cannibalism is not a manifestation of the chaotic, psychotic behavior of individuals who are driven to madness, but reveals underlying characteristics of evolved human beings. Lewis Petrinovich is professor emeritus in the Department of Psychology of the University of California, Riverside and is currently a resident of Berkeley, California.
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Cannibalism

From Sacrifice to Survival

Author: Hans Askenasy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 494

Examines the long history of cannibalism, including such famous examples as the Donner party
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Cannibalism in Literature and Film

Author: Jennifer Brown

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230360513

Category: Fiction

Page: 258

View: 2658

From images of stewed missionaries to Hannibal Lecter's hiss, cannibals have intrigued while evoking horror and repulsion. The label of cannibal has been used throughout history to denigrate a given individual or group. By examining who is labelled cannibal at any given time, we can understand the fears, prejudices, accepted norms and taboos of society at that time. From the cannibal in colonial literature, to the idea of regional Gothic and the hillbilly cannibal, to serial killers, this book examines works by writers and directors including Joseph Conrad, H. Rider Haggard, Thomas Harris, Bret Easton Ellis, Cormac McCarthy, Wes Craven, and Tim Burton. It explores questions of cultural identity and otherness in the modern period, offering an important and original examination of cultural norms and fears with reference to national, economic, linguistic, and sexual identity. Amidst the sharp teeth and horrific appetite of the cannibal, the book examines real fears of over-consumerism and consumption that trouble an ever-growing modern world.
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An Intellectual History of Cannibalism

Author: Cătălin Avramescu,Alistair Ian Blyth

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691152195

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 4603

The cannibal has played a surprisingly important role in the history of thought--perhaps the ultimate symbol of savagery and degradation-- haunting the Western imagination since before the Age of Discovery, when Europeans first encountered genuine cannibals and related horrible stories of shipwrecked travelers eating each other. An Intellectual History of Cannibalism is the first book to systematically examine the role of the cannibal in the arguments of philosophers, from the classical period to modern disputes about such wide-ranging issues as vegetarianism and the right to private property. Catalin Avramescu shows how the cannibal is, before anything else, a theoretical creature, one whose fate sheds light on the decline of theories of natural law, the emergence of modernity, and contemporary notions about good and evil. This provocative history of ideas traces the cannibal's appearance throughout Western thought, first as a creature springing from the menagerie of natural law, later as a diabolical retort to theological dogmas about the resurrection of the body, and finally to present-day social, ethical, and political debates in which the cannibal is viewed through the lens of anthropology or invoked in the service of moral relativism. Ultimately, An Intellectual History of Cannibalism is the story of the birth of modernity and of the philosophies of culture that arose in the wake of the Enlightenment. It is a book that lays bare the darker fears and impulses that course through the Western intellectual tradition
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Cannibalism

Human Aggression and Cultural Form

Author: Eli Sagan

Publisher: Fish Drum Magazine Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 148

View: 9724

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The Anthropology of Cannibalism

Author: Laurence Goldman

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897895972

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 5072

Explores how the practice of cannibalism serves the myth-making endeavors of all cultures, even those where cannibalism was not present.
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Cannibalism

Ecology and Evolution Among Diverse Taxa

Author: Mark A. Elgar

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 361

View: 4339

Covering the contextual and taxonomic diversity of cannibalism, this book explains its costs, benefits, and consequences for a taxonomically broad distribution of species from lower eukaryotes to higher primates. The authors, all experts in their taxon of interest, use theory developed for the analysis of foraging, sociality, demography, and genetics to assess the ecological and evolutionary causes and effects of cannibalism. The emerging picture from recent research challenges the view that cannibalism iseither abnormal behaviour or an infrequent addition to the predator's usual diet.
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Cannibalism - The Last Taboo

Author: Brian Marriner

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 144649294X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 272

View: 9003

Drawing on historical evidence and recent criminal cases, Marriner's chilling catalogue of human flesh-eaters takes us to the frontiers of real-life horror...
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Heorots Vermächtnis

Author: Larry Niven

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783404243068

Category:

Page: 460

View: 8340

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Our Cannibals, Ourselves

Author: Priscilla L. Walton

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252092783

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 2032

Why does Western culture remain fascinated with and saturated by cannibalism? Moving from the idea of the dangerous Other, Priscilla L. Walton's Our Cannibals, Ourselves shows us how modern-day cannibalism has been recaptured as in the vampire story, resurrected into the human blood stream, and mutated into the theory of germs through AIDS, Ebola, and the like. At the same time, it has expanded to encompass the workings of entire economic systems (such as in "consumer cannnibalism"). Our Cannibals, Ourselves is an interdisciplinary study of cannibalism in contemporary culture. It demonstrates how what we take for today's ordinary culture is imaginatively and historically rooted in very powerful processes of the encounter between our own and different, often "threatening," cultures from around the world. Walton shows that the taboo on cannibalism is heavily reinforced only partly out of fear of cannibals themselves; instead, cannibalism is evoked in order to use fear for other purposes, including the sale of fear entertainment. Ranging from literature to popular journalism, film, television, and discourses on disease, Our Cannibals, Ourselves provides an all-encompassing, insightful meditation on what happens to popular culture when it goes global.
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Eating Their Words

Cannibalism and the Boundaries of Cultural Identity

Author: Kristen Guest

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791490017

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 229

View: 359

Examines the figure of the cannibal as it relates to cultural identity in a wide range of literary and cultural texts.
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Consuming Passions

The Uses of Cannibalism in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe

Author: Merrall L. Price

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135886857

Category: History

Page: 178

View: 1411

First Published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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The Hunger - Die letzte Reise

Roman

Author: Alma Katsu

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641226279

Category: Fiction

Page: 448

View: 7655

Mitte April 1846 bricht die so genannte »Donner Party« – insgesamt fast neunzig Männer, Frauen und Kinder – aus Springfield, Illinois, auf. Ihr Ziel ist Kalifornien. Ein Ort, an dem alles besser ist. An dem schon viele Siedler ihr Glück gefunden haben. Doch schon bald sind die Nerven zum Zerreißen angespannt: der Hunger, das Klima und die Feindseligkeiten innerhalb der Gruppe verwandeln den Wagentreck in ein Pulverfass. Dann kommt ein kleiner Junge unter mysteriösen Umständen zu Tode, und ein Siedler nach dem anderen verschwindet spurlos. Langsam aber sicher wird klar, dass die Donner Party in den Weiten der Prärie nicht alleine ist. Dass »Etwas« sie begleitet. Etwas, das großen Hunger hat ...
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Columbus and Other Cannibals

The Wetiko Disease of Exploitation, Imperialism, and Terrorism

Author: Jack D. Forbes

Publisher: Seven Stories Press

ISBN: 1583229825

Category: Political Science

Page: 152

View: 5092

Celebrated American Indian thinker Jack D. Forbes’s Columbus and Other Cannibals was one of the founding texts of the anticivilization movement when it was first published in 1978. His history of terrorism, genocide, and ecocide told from a Native American point of view has inspired America’s most influential activists for decades. Frighteningly, his radical critique of the modern "civilized" lifestyle is more relevant now than ever before. Identifying the Western compulsion to consume the earth as a sickness, Forbes writes: "Brutality knows no boundaries. Greed knows no limits. Perversion knows no borders. . . . These characteristics all push towards an extreme, always moving forward once the initial infection sets in. . . . This is the disease of the consuming of other creatures’ lives and possessions. I call it cannibalism." This updated edition includes a new chapter by the author.
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Cannibalism

A Perfectly Natural History

Author: Bill Schutt

Publisher: Algonquin Books

ISBN: 1616207434

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 9379

“Surprising. Impressive. Cannibalism restores my faith in humanity.” —Sy Montgomery, The New York Times Book Review For centuries scientists have written off cannibalism as a bizarre phenomenon with little biological significance. Its presence in nature was dismissed as a desperate response to starvation or other life-threatening circumstances, and few spent time studying it. A taboo subject in our culture, the behavior was portrayed mostly through horror movies or tabloids sensationalizing the crimes of real-life flesh-eaters. But the true nature of cannibalism--the role it plays in evolution as well as human history--is even more intriguing (and more normal) than the misconceptions we’ve come to accept as fact. In Cannibalism: A Perfectly Natural History,zoologist Bill Schutt sets the record straight, debunking common myths and investigating our new understanding of cannibalism’s role in biology, anthropology, and history in the most fascinating account yet written on this complex topic. Schutt takes readers from Arizona’s Chiricahua Mountains, where he wades through ponds full of tadpoles devouring their siblings, to the Sierra Nevadas, where he joins researchers who are shedding new light on what happened to the Donner Party--the most infamous episode of cannibalism in American history. He even meets with an expert on the preparation and consumption of human placenta (and, yes, it goes well with Chianti). Bringing together the latest cutting-edge science, Schutt answers questions such as why some amphibians consume their mother’s skin; why certain insects bite the heads off their partners after sex; why, up until the end of the twentieth century, Europeans regularly ate human body parts as medical curatives; and how cannibalism might be linked to the extinction of the Neanderthals. He takes us into the future as well, investigating whether, as climate change causes famine, disease, and overcrowding, we may see more outbreaks of cannibalism in many more species--including our own. Cannibalism places a perfectly natural occurrence into a vital new context and invites us to explore why it both enthralls and repels us.
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Cannibalism and Common Law

A Victorian Yachting Tragedy

Author: Brian Simpson

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781852852009

Category: History

Page: 353

View: 6662

Cannibalism and the Common Law is an enthralling classic of legal history. It tells the tragic story of the yacht Mignonette, which foundered on its way from England to Australia in 1884. The killing and eating of one of the crew, Richard Parker, led to the leading case in the defence of necessity, R. v. Dudley and Stephens. It resulted in their being convicted and sentenced to death, a sentence subsequently commuted. In this tour de force Brian Simpson sets the legal proceedings in their broadest historical context, providing a detailed account of the events and characters involved and of life at sea in the time of sail. Cannibalism and the Common Law is a demonstration that legal history can be written in human terms and can be compulsive reading. This brilliant and fascinating book, a marvelous example of eareful historical detection, and first-class legal history, written by a master.
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The Instrumentalization of the Cannibal in Daniel Defoe's "Robinson Crusoe"

Author: Daria Poklad

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668391734

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 16

View: 6042

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2016 im Fachbereich Anglistik - Literatur, Note: 1.7, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Daniel Defoe’s novel "Robinson Crusoe" (1719) revolves around the Englishman Robinson Crusoe, who, after suffering shipwreck in a storm strands on a deserted island as the sole survivor of an expedition. After twenty-four of his total twenty-eight years on the island he discovers that native cannibals occasionally visit the island in order to kill and eat their captives. When Crusoe rescues one of them the captive is grateful and stays with Crusoe as his servant. Crusoe names him Friday after the day of their first encounter and teaches him the English language and eventually converts him to Christianity. "Robinson Crusoe" is considered a classic which has been issued in at least 700 editions and translated into several languages. The story has been made into several movies. I want to argue, that the motif of the cannibal is instrumentalized in the novel in order to justify the conquering and civilizing of savage natives by the dominant Western world. By depicting dreadful cannibalistic acts and evoking horror and revulsion the subjects of colonialism are intended to be dehumanized. I will begin the seminar paper with a contextual chapter on cannibalism by presenting the definition and origin of the term ‘cannibal’, as well as the existence of cannibalism in literature by giving various examples from classic epic to contemporary novels. Then, I will focus on Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe and illustrate the protagonist’s constant fear of being eaten. In a next step, I will focus on Crusoe’s encounters with the cannibals and in a further step on his meeting of Friday and his representation of the latter. Before drawing the conclusion, I will analyze the relationship between Crusoe and Friday.
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Cannibalism in Cross Cultural Perspective

Author: David A. Ezzo

Publisher: Dog Ear Publishing

ISBN: 1598586068

Category: History

Page: 48

View: 6032

The central purpose of this book is to show that cannibalism has been practiced under certain conditions in a variety of cultures throughout the world. Twenty-five different cultures are presented in this book. The types of cannibalism covered include: exo-cannibalism, judicial, survival, endocannibalism, human sacrifice, biting, infanticide, funeral, slave, and Windigo and cannibalism. The origins and philosophy of cannibalism as well as cannibalism's relationship with food taboos and religion are also discussed. David A. Ezzo has been involved with the study of Native American Indian history and culture for over twenty-five years. His interest in the subject matter frist began when he earned his Indian Lore merit badge from Mr. Ronald P. Koch when he was 15 years old. His interest in the topic continued when he served as an Indian Lore counselor at Camp Turner for four summers in 1979, 1980, 1981 and 1983. David began his academic study of Native Americans when he earned a BA degree in Anthropology from SUNY Fredonia in 1985. While at Fredonia he wrote two published articles and co-wrote a third article with one of his professors, Dr. Alvin H. Morrison. This article was presented at the 16th Algonquian Conference and was published a year later in 1986. David earned his MA in Anthropology from the University of Oklahoma in 1987. During his time at the University of Oklahoma he presented several papers including one at a Frontier Conference at OU in 1986 and also a paper at the Algonquian Conference. His MA thesis was also written on a Native American topic. The title of his thesis "Female Status in Northeastern North America" was a historical survey of the roles of Native American women in a number of Algonquian societies. During subsequent years David continued to attend and publish papers at Algonquian Conferences. He also continued to serve as a BSA Indian Merit badge counselor. In June of 2005 David earned his Ph.D. in Anthropology from Richardson University. Also in August of 2005 he was appointed as an Adjunct Professor of Anthropology at Erie Community College (North Campus). In July of 2007 David published his first book "Papers on Historical Algonquian and Iroquois Topics" which he co-authored with Michael H. Moskowitz. This book was also published by Dog Ear Publishing.
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Wir sind alle Kannibalen

Mit dem Essay »Der gemarterte Weihnachtsmann«

Author: Claude Lévi-Strauss

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518586136

Category:

Page: 252

View: 511

Von 1989 bis 2000 hat Claude Lévi-Strauss für die italienische Zeitung ”La Repubblica“ sechzehn Artikel verfasst, in denen er aktuelle Ereignisse und Tendenzen der modernen Gesellschaft begleitend kommentiert. Zusammen mit seinem legendären Essay ”Der hingerichtete Weihnachtsmann“ erscheinen diese kleinen Meisterwerke nun erstmals in einem Band versammelt in deutscher Sprache. Die Themenvielfalt der Stücke ist schier überwältigend: Aus Anlass des Todes von Lady Di unternimmt Lévi-Strauss eine Analyse der Bedeutung von Verwandtschaftsverhältnissen, eines seiner großen Lebensthemen; er setzt sich mit dem Bevölkerungswachstum und der Entwicklung des Menschen seit seiner Entstehung in Afrika auseinander, mit der Massentierhaltung und der Landwirtschaft oder mit den heftig diskutierten Ritualen der Beschneidung von Mädchen und Jungen in verschiedenen Kulturen; die Organtransplantation wird ebenso behandelt wie das Denken Michel de Montaignes oder Auguste Comtes; und in dem titelgebenden Essay ”Wir sind alle Kannibalen“ vergleicht er die Epidemie des Rinderwahnsinns auf kongeniale Weise mit der Krankheit Kuru, die sich in Papua-Neuguinea zu Beginn des letzten Jahrhunderts durch eine Form von Kannibalismus seuchenartig verbreitete. Ein Buch, das den ungeheuren Gedankenreichtum sowie den Scharfsinn und die Originalität eines der ganz großen Intellektuellen des 20. Jahrhunderts exemplarisch vor Augen führt. (Quelle: www.buchhandel.de).
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