Bringing Geography to Book

Ellen Semple and the Reception of Geographical Knowledge

Author: Innes M. Keighren

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857718479

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 2474

The publication of Ellen Semple’s 'Influences of Geographic Environment' in 1911 - a treatise on what would later be called environmental determinism - coincided with the emergence of geography as an independent academic discipline in North America and Britain. A controversial text written by one of America’s first female professional geographers, it exerted an important but varied influence on generations of geographers. Some considered it a monument to Semple’s scholarship and erudition - a timely manifesto for a scientific approach to human geography. For others, it was conceptually flawed. Accepted by some, repudiated by others, 'Influences' was lauded and criticized in almost equal measure. Innes M. Keighren examines the different reactions to Semple’s book. He explains why 'Influences' was encountered differently by different people, at different times and in different places, and reveals why the book aroused the passions it did. Attending to archival records, personal correspondence, published reviews, provenance and marginalia, the author traces a geography of the book’s reception and outlines the contribution geography can make to understanding the way knowledge and ideas, in the guise of the printed text, are conceived, transmitted and received. The result is a pioneering work that provides a wholesale re-visioning of the way in which geographical knowledge is disseminated.
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American Geography and Geographers

Toward Geographical Science

Author: Geoffrey J. Martin

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019533602X

Category: Science

Page: 1240

View: 356

The rise of American geography as a distinctive science in the United States straddles the 19th and 20th centuries, extending from the post-Civil war period to 1970. American Geography and Geographers: Toward Geographic Science is the first book to thoroughly and richly explicate this history. Its author, Geoffrey J. Martin, the foremost historian on the subject and official archivist of the Association of American Geographers, amassed a wealth of primary sources from archives worldwide, which enable him to chart the evolution of American geography with unprecedented detail and context. From the initial influence of the German school to the emergence of Geography as a unique discipline in American universities and thereafter, Martin clarifies the what, how and when of each advancement. Expansive discussion of the arguments made, controversies ignited and research voyages move hand in hand with the principals who originated and animated them: Davis, Jefferson, Huntington, Bowman, Johnson, Sauer, Hartshorne, and many more. From their grasp of local, regional, global and cultural phenomena, geographers also played pivotal roles in world historical events, including the two world wars and their treaties, as the US became the dominant global power. American Geography and Geographers: Toward Geographical Science is a conclusive study of the birth and maturation of the science. It will be of interest to geographers, teachers and students of geography, and all those compelled by the story of American Geography and those who founded and developed it.
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Scriptural Geography

Portraying the Holy Land

Author: Edwin James Aiken

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857716697

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 1442

It is easy to find Palestine... But how to find the Holy Land -- ah, that is another matter' (Out-of Doors in the Holy Land, 1908) Geographies of the Holy Land are almost as old as Christianity itself. In the ancient world works such as the Onomasticon of Eusebius were intended primarily as aids to biblical understanding but by the early nineteenth century books about the Holy Land had become entangled in concerns over the relationship between the scriptural and scientific uses of this sacred landscape. The Holy Land was not just a physical region on the surface of the Earth - it was an idea, an intellectual and moral space charged with the heat of religious debate and with the noisy engagements of those trying to understand the religious, social and scientific upheavals of the time. EdwinJames Aiken explores the various ways in which geographical knowledge was used in the management of this celestial landscape and the production of its geography. In particular he shows how religious writers called upon geographical knowledge in different ways at different times to the benefit of their readers. He pays particular attention to the political, social and religious currents at play and to the dissonance between religion, theology and science. The result is an original and stimulating work of scholarship that demonstrates the significance of the geography of the Holy Land in Western thought and argument and makes important contributions to the history of geography, the nature of Orientalism, and to the evolving relationship between religion and science.
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Imagining the Arctic

Heroism, Spectacle and Polar Exploration

Author: Huw Lewis-Jones

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1786732467

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 8111

Imagining the Arctic explores the culture and politics of polar exploration and the making of its heroes. Leading explorers, the celebrity figures of their day, went to great lengths to convince their contemporaries of the merits of polar voyages. Much of exploration was in fact theatre: a series of performances to capture public attention and persuade governments to finance ambitious proposals. The achievements of explorers were promoted, celebrated, and manipulated, whilst explorers themselves became the subject of huge attention. Huw Lewis-Jones draws upon recovered texts and striking images, many reproduced for the first time since the nineteenth century, to show how exploration was projected through a series of spectacular visuals, helping us to reconstruct the ways that heroes and the wilderness were imagined. Elegantly written and richly illustrated, Imagining the Arctic offers original insights into our understanding of exploration and its pull on the public imagination.
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Enlightenment, Modernity and Science

Geographies of Scientific Culture and Improvement in Georgian England

Author: Paul A. Elliot

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857718967

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 5612

Scientific culture was one of the defining characteristics of the English Enlightenment, permeating many aspects of Georgian society and culture. As new and mysterious realms were opened up, intellectual orthodoxies challenged, and exotic specimens acquired for aristocratic estates, private collections and museums, so the latest discoveries in astronomy, electricity and natural history were discussed and debated in homes, institutions, towns and cities around the country. But how did the production and dissemination of scientific knowledge vary with geographical location? What were the differing influences in town and country and from region to region? Enlightenment, Modernity and Science provides the first full length study of the geographies of Georgian scientific culture in England. Drawing on a wide range of sources, including manuscripts, institutional records, personal memoirs and correspondence, the author takes the reader on a tour of the principal arenas in which scientific ideas were disseminated and discussed - including the home, town and countryside - to show how the cultures of science and knowledge varied across the Georgian landscape. The importance of the Georgian domestic environment is explored and metropolitan scientific culture is contrasted with county towns such as York, Norwich and Hull, showing how aristocratic, gentlemanly and professional status nurtured relatively autonomous cultures. The role of natural philosophy in the formation of new spaces for science - such as public botanical gardens - is revealed and it is shown how this influenced, and was in turn influenced by, different sections of society. Taking in key figures such as Erasmus Darwin, Abraham Bennett, and Joseph Priestley along the way, and with chapters on science and the dissenting academies, and Freemasonry and antiquarianism, Enlightenment, Modernity and Science is a work that sheds important light on the complex geographies of Georgian English scientific culture.
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Politischer Essay über die Insel Kuba

Author: Alexander von Humboldt,Irene Prüfer Leske

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788484542025

Category: Science

Page: 302

View: 3925

Kuba vor 200 Jahren, gesehen und erlebt durch den Forscher und Weltreisenden Alexander von Humboldt, für den Touristen von Irene Prüfer Leske aus dem Französischen ins Deutsche übersetzt und neu herausgegeben. Spannende, informative Berichte über Reisen durch Havannas Umgebung und die Karibik - von Batabanó nach Trinidad. Bewegendes und umfassendes Zeugnis der sozioökonomischen Gegebenheiten der damaligen spanischen Kolonie und aufschlussreiches Porträt dieses "Sklavenstaates" zur Jahrundertwende um 1800 mit präzisen Statistiken der verschiedenen Bevölkerungsgruppen, Vermessungen und klimatischen Beobatchtungen, faszinierenden Beschreibungen von Flora und Fauna Havannas und seiner Umgebung. Und als zentrales Kapitel das wichtgste Anliegen des Werkes: das glühende Bekenntnis Alexander von Humboldts zur Verteidigung der Menschenrechte...
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Medicine River

Roman

Author: Thomas King

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783940666000

Category:

Page: 261

View: 9593

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Anthropo-Geographie, Oder Grundzüge Der Anwendung Der Erdkunde Auf Die Geschichte

Author: Friedrich Ratzel

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 9780270432299

Category:

Page: 528

View: 7146

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
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Kultur des Diagramms

Author: John Bender,Michael Marrinan

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110380293

Category: Art

Page: 299

View: 5836

die Autoren eröffnen in ihrem Buch eine neue Sicht auf Bild und Wort beziehungsweise artikulierte und dichte Systeme im Sinne Goodmans, die sie zu einem instruktiven Diagrammkonzept zusammenführen. Diagramme sind Amalgame des Erkennens. Sie sind aber auch innerweltlich vorfindbare Gegenstände, mit denen kognitiv gearbeitet wird. Diagrammatisches Denken eröffnet Querverweise und ermöglicht so eine relationale, vom Erkennenden aktiv betriebene Urteilsbildung. Es führt zu einem Wissen, das konkret und prozesshaft ist.
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Spätantike Kaiserporträts

Von Constantinus Magnus bis zum Ende des Westreichs

Author: Richard Delbrueck

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110865076

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 8576

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Wendepunkte

Schlüsselentscheidungen im Zweiten Weltkrieg

Author: Ian Kershaw

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641128110

Category: History

Page: 736

View: 731

Entscheidungen, die Geschichte machten Der Beginn des Zweiten Weltkriegs stellte die Regierungschefs der Welt vor lebenswichtige Entscheidungen. In London, Berlin, Washington, Rom, Moskau und Tokio mussten Politiker und Generäle weitreichende Beschlüsse fassen. Ian Kershaw nimmt zehn Entscheidungen, die für den Verlauf des Zweiten Weltkriegs von zentraler Bedeutung waren, in den Blick und macht deutlich, dass in diesem Kampf nichts vorherbestimmt war. Die Ereignisse, die den Beginn des Zweiten Weltkriegs markierten, versetzten weite Teile der Welt in eine Art Schockzustand. Plötzlich schien es keine Regeln mehr zu geben. Die Aggressoren kannten für ihr Tun keine Grenzen, für ihre Opfer aber zogen dunkle Zeiten herauf. Im Strudel dieser Ereignisse sah sich eine kleine Gruppe von Politikern mit zentralen Entscheidungen konfrontiert, die in dieser Auseinandersetzung Triumph oder Untergang bedeuten konnten. In seinem glänzend geschriebenen Buch »Wendepunkte« vermittelt der Historiker Ian Kershaw dem Leser einen einzigartigen Eindruck davon, wie groß der Entscheidungsspielraum der einzelnen Politiker tatsächlich war und welche Rolle ihre ganz individuelle Persönlichkeit spielte: Warum entschloss sich Churchill, nach der französischen Kapitulation weiterzukämpfen? Warum vertraute Stalin darauf, dass Hitler die UdSSR nicht überfallen würde? Und warum griffen die Japaner Pearl Harbor an? Diese und weitere Entscheidungen veränderten den Lauf der Welt. Die zehn wichtigsten Entscheidungen des Zweiten Weltkriegs und die Männer, die sie trafen.
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Gaias Rache

warum die Erde sich wehrt

Author: James E. Lovelock

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783548372105

Category:

Page: 253

View: 9322

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