Gender Representation in Learning Materials

International Perspectives

Author: Abolaji S. Mustapha,Sara Mills

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317653246

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 2605

Representations of gender in learning materials convey an implicit message to students about attitudes towards culturally appropriate gender roles for women and men. This collection takes a linguistic approach to exploring theories about gender representation within the sphere of education and textbooks, and their effects on readers and students within an international context. In the opening section, contributors discuss theories of representation and effect, challenging the conventional Althusserian model of interpellation, and acknowledging the challenges of applying Western feminist models within an international context. Following chapters provide detailed analyses focusing on a number of different countries: Australia, Japan, Brazil, Finland, Russia, Hong Kong, Nigeria, Germany, Qatar, Tanzania, and Poland. Through linguistic analysis of vocabulary associated with women and men, content analysis of what women and men say in textbooks, and discourse analysis of the types of linguistic moves associated with women and men, contributors evaluate the extent to which gendered representations in textbooks perpetuate stereotypical gender roles, what the impact may be on learners, and the ways that both teachers and learners interact and engage with these texts.
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Life in Classrooms

Author: Philip Wesley Jackson

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 9780807770054

Category: Education

Page: 183

View: 1870

Since its first appearance, Life in Classrooms has established itself as a classic study of the educational process at its most fundamental level.
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The Representation of Gender in Junior Secondary ELT Textbooks in Hong Kong

Author: Cheuk-Yu Yeung,楊綽茹

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781361008560

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8819

This dissertation, "The Representation of Gender in Junior Secondary ELT Textbooks in Hong Kong" by Cheuk-yu, Yeung, 楊綽茹, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: It is argued that the gender bias in textbooks can influence students' development of values and attitudes (e.g. Lee & Collins, 2008, 2010; Sunderland, 1997; Yang, 2011). Despite continuous improvement, gender stereotyping was found in previous studies in different parts of the world (e.g. Evans & Davies, 2000; Lee & Collins, 2008). The aim of the present study is to analyse the gender representation in the ELT textbooks used by junior secondary students in Hong Kong. The content, language and illustrations of two sets of ELT textbooks were examined. Improvements of gender representation were found as compared with the results in previous studies. The findings show a more balanced representation of males and females in terms of their visibility in both texts and illustrations. Females no longer dominate domestic settings and they no longer speak less in an inferior status. However, gender bias of different forms was still found. Females still play a wider range of domestic roles and a narrower range of social roles. There is also a tendency for females to be mentioned after males when two nouns were paired for gender. It was also found that texts and illustrations are good partners in building up gender bias because they supplement and reinforce the gender bias shown in each other. In addition, new strategies of using unisex names and pseudonyms for avoiding gender imbalance in language were found. DOI: 10.5353/th_b5094918 Subjects: English language - Study and teaching (Secondary) - Sex differences - China - Hong Kong English language - Study and teaching (Secondary) - China - Hong Kong - Textbooks
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Still Failing at Fairness

How Gender Bias Cheats Girls and Boys in School and What We Can Do About It

Author: David Sadker,Karen R. Zittleman

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439159439

Category: Education

Page: 384

View: 3344

Despite decades of effort to create fair classrooms and schools, gender bias is alive and well, and in some ways growing. School practices continue to send boys and girls down different life paths, too often treating them not as different genders but as different species. Teachers and parents often miss the subtle signs of sexism in classrooms. Through firsthand observations and up-to-the-minute research, Still Failing at Fairness brings the gender issue into focus. The authors provide an in-depth account of how girls' and boys' educations are compromised from elementary school through college, and offer practical advice for teachers and parents who want to make a positive difference. The authors examine today's pressing issues -- the lack of enforcement for Title IX, the impact of the backlash against gender equity, the much-hyped "boys' crisis," hardwired brain differences, and the recent growth of singlesex public schools. This book documents how teaching, current testing practices, and subtle cultural attitudes continue to short-circuit both girls and boys of every race, social class, and ethnicity. Hard-hitting and remarkably informative, Still Failing at Fairness is "a fascinating look into America's classrooms" (National Association of School Psychologists).
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Studies in English Language

Author: M.A.K. Halliday

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826458735

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 353

View: 661

A fascinating, seventh volume in the Collected Works of M.A.K Halliday series, on Studies in English Language.
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Content Analysis

An Introduction to Its Methodology

Author: Klaus Krippendorff

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506395643

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 472

View: 6160

What matters in people’s social lives? What motivates and inspires our society? How do we enact what we know? Since the first edition published in 1980, Content Analysis has helped shape and define the field. In the highly anticipated Fourth Edition, award-winning scholar and author Klaus Krippendorff introduces you to the most current method of analyzing the textual fabric of contemporary society. Students and scholars will learn to treat data not as physical events but as communications that are created and disseminated to be seen, read, interpreted, enacted, and reflected upon according to the meanings they have for their recipients. Interpreting communications as texts in the contexts of their social uses distinguishes content analysis from other empirical methods of inquiry. Organized into three parts, Content Analysis first examines the conceptual aspects of content analysis, then discusses components such as unitizing and sampling, and concludes by showing readers how to trace the analytical paths and apply evaluative techniques. The Fourth Edition has been completely revised to offer you the most current techniques and research on content analysis, including new information on reliability and social media. You will also gain practical advice and experience for teaching academic and commercial researchers how to conduct content analysis.
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Gender Across Languages

Author: Marlis Hellinger,Heiko Motschenbacher

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 902726886X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 415

View: 2877

This is the fourth volume of a comprehensive reference work which provides systematic descriptions of the manifestations of gender in languages of diverse areal, typological and socio-cultural affiliations. To the 30 languages already analysed in previous volumes, Vol. 4 adds another 12 languages whose gendered structures have received little or no academic attention in the past. Again, the collection includes a broad spectrum of languages: It contains languages with and without grammatical gender, a language with noun classification and a classifier language; larger national languages as well as smaller languages with minority status; and, of course, members of diverse language families, i.e. Indo-European as well as Finno-Ugrian, Iroquois, Tai-Kadai and Niger-Congo. The volume illustrates the tremendous variation found in the area of gender representation across languages. At the same time, it will provide the much-needed material required for an explicitly comparative approach to linguistic manifestations of gender.
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The RoutledgeFalmer Reader in Sociology of Education

Author: Stephen J. Ball

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415298704

Category: Educational sociology

Page: 299

View: 8811

In this reader, Stephen Ball brings together a carefully selected collection of articles and book chapters to reflect enduring trends in the field of sociology of education. Topics covered include globalization, gender, economy, social inequality and social justice.
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Queer Teachers, Identity and Performativity

Author: A. Harris,E. Gray

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137441925

Category: Social Science

Page: 118

View: 3852

What do we mean when we talk about 'queer teachers'? The authors here grapple with what it means to be sexually or gender diverse and to work as a school teacher within four national contexts: Australia, Ireland, the UK and the USA. This new volume offers academics, educators and students a provocative exploration of this pivotal topic.
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The Games Black Girls Play

Learning the Ropes from Double-Dutch to Hip-Hop

Author: Kyra D. Gaunt

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814733328

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 9460

2007 Alan Merriam Prize presented by the Society for Ethnomusicology 2007 PEN/Beyond Margins Book Award Finalist When we think of African American popular music, our first thought is probably not of double-dutch: girls bouncing between two twirling ropes, keeping time to the tick-tat under their toes. But this book argues that the games black girls play —handclapping songs, cheers, and double-dutch jump rope—both reflect and inspire the principles of black popular musicmaking. The Games Black Girls Play illustrates how black musical styles are incorporated into the earliest games African American girls learn—how, in effect, these games contain the DNA of black music. Drawing on interviews, recordings of handclapping games and cheers, and her own observation and memories of gameplaying, Kyra D. Gaunt argues that black girls' games are connected to long traditions of African and African American musicmaking, and that they teach vital musical and social lessons that are carried into adulthood. In this celebration of playground poetry and childhood choreography, she uncovers the surprisingly rich contributions of girls’ play to black popular culture.
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Gendered Discourses

Author: J. Sunderland

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230505589

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

View: 6358

This advanced textbook critically reviews a range of theoretical and empirical work on gendered discourses, and explores how gendered discourses can be identified, described and named. It also examines the actual workings of discourses in terms of construction and their potential to 'damage'. For upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in discourse analysis, gender studies, social psychology and media studies.
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Gender Education and Equality in a Global Context

Conceptual Frameworks and Policy Perspectives

Author: Shailaja Fennell,Madeleine Arnot

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134111967

Category: Education

Page: 216

View: 7320

The Millennium Development Goals aim to achieve basic education for all by 2015. But can such global agendas address national and local gender inequalities and will they empower women through education? This thought-provoking book offers an opportunity to engage critically with existing and emergent conceptual frameworks and methodological approaches to this global debate. It is divided into three sections that: reconceptualise the definitions of gender equality used by various social scientific disciplines, international organisations and policy makers; illustrate the methodologies used to collect the voices of young men and women and their teachers telling stories of their success in lifting the burdens of poverty and negotiating traditional gender relations; trace the impact of global gender agendas on national education policies, such as citizenship education, poverty reduction strategies, and feminist activism around adult women’s learning. Gender Education and Equality in a Global Context is an invaluable introduction to the range of conceptual frameworks and innovative research methods that address issues of gender education and development.
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Women in the Third World

An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Issues

Author: Nelly P. Stromquist

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135498547

Category: Education

Page: 720

View: 6944

First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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Gender and Education in Pakistan

Author: Rashida Qureshi,Jane Frances Akinyi Rarieya

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 267

View: 3605

This book explores gender and education in Pakistan by looking at the underlying processes that result in diff erent patterns of educational experiences of and outcomes for females and males. All the chapters are based on research studies that were conducted in different parts of Pakistan andexplore diverse aspects of gender in relation to education. The book makes gender issues in education in Pakistan more visible by illustrating how gender is both a very personal and yet, public issue, and calls for more carefully thought out approaches to dealing with gender disadvantage in theeducation system.
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Gender Stereotyping

Transnational Legal Perspectives

Author: Rebecca J. Cook,Simone Cusack

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812205928

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 7533

Drawing on domestic and international law, as well as on judgments given by courts and human rights treaty bodies, Gender Stereotyping offers perspectives on ways gender stereotypes might be eliminated through the transnational legal process in order to ensure women's equality and the full exercise of their human rights. A leading international framework for debates on the subject of stereotypes, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, was adopted in 1979 by the UN General Assembly and defines what constitutes discrimination against women. It also establishes an agenda to eliminate discrimination in all its forms in order to ensure substantive equality for women. Applying the Convention as the primary framework for analysis, this book provides essential strategies for eradicating gender stereotyping. Its proposed methodology requires naming operative gender stereotypes, identifying how they violate the human rights of women, and articulating states' obligations to eliminate and remedy these violations. According to Rebecca J. Cook and Simone Cusack, in order to abolish all forms of discrimination against women, priority needs to be given to the elimination of gender stereotypes. While stereotypes affect both men and women, they can have particularly egregious effects on women, often devaluing them and assigning them to subservient roles in society. As the legal perspectives offered in Gender Stereotyping demonstrate, treating women according to restrictive generalizations instead of their individual needs, abilities, and circumstances denies women their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
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Women in Mass Communication

Author: Pamela J. Creedon,Judith Cramer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412936950

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 346

View: 5236

The Third Edition of Women in Mass Communication provides a new generation of students with an insightful examination of women in the journalism and mass communication professions. In this seminal volume, editors Pamela Creedon and Judith Cramer offer ideas and directions for improving the status of women—and men— working in the field.
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Basic Content Analysis

Author: Robert Philip Weber

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803938632

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 96

View: 7460

This second edition of Basic Content Analysis is completely updated and offers a concise introduction to content analysis methods from a social science perspective. It includes new computer applications, new studies and an additional chapter on problems and issues that can arise when carrying out content analysis in four major areas: measurement, indication, representation and interpretation.
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