Brain Drain and Brain Gain

The Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants

Author: Tito Boeri

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199654824

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 317

View: 4273

This volume considers the global competition to attract talents and the brain gain and brain drain associated with high-skilled migration. Part I provides an overview of immigration policies specifically aimed at selecting and attracting skilled workers. Part II looks at the consequences of brain drain for sending countries.

Brain Drain Or Brain Gain?

Changes of Work in Knowledge-based Societies

Author: Bettina-Johanna Krings

Publisher: edition sigma

ISBN: 3894049448

Category: Brain drain

Page: 338

View: 8338


Brain Drain and Brain Gain

A Bibliography on Migration of Scientists, Engineers, Doctors and Students

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Brain drain

Page: 48

View: 6915


Brain Drain und Brain Gain in Australia

Author: Benjamin Rüther

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638444694

Category: Political Science

Page: 24

View: 6976

Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Australia, New Zealand, grade: 1.7, University of Münster, 17 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Australia is an inclusive and tolerant society, a nation build up by multicultural people from different homelands and cultural backgrounds. It’s national identity is minted by this cultural diversity in all spheres of Australian life. Therefore Australia persues the policy of multiculturalism. Since World War II the former “white australia policy” has disintegrated more and more. So the ethnic-discriminating policy changed into the open minded policy today. “This policy evolved from profound changes to Australian society resulting from a major influx of migrants and has been maintained and furthered on a non-partisan basis by successive governments.” (DIMIA 2001: 1) However even Australia perceives the pressure of Demographic changes. The change in the demographic structure because of declines in fertility rate requires an elementary Impact on Australia's economy. Recent demographic changes have implications for many fields of economic life, including workforce structure, retirement incomes, health expenditures, and consumption of goods and services. (cp. PC-GOV 2004) Like in other Western high-income countries, Australia tries to compensate for some of the problems caused by demographic change by concentrating on (highly-)skilled workers; the magic words are “brain-gain and brain-drain”. Both terms apply to scientists, physicians , medical practitioners, engineers and other professionals from less-developed countries moving to work in high-income countries. The effects of gaining and draining have a positive impact on the affected countries of getting highly-skilled workers or losing the important brains, the “education-sector” invested time and money in. This short report is a preliminary estimate of the Australian brain-gain and tries to give some of the main facts of this recent phenomenon.

Indian Diaspora in the United States

Brain Drain or Gain?

Author: Anjali Sahay

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739135495

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 9937

Indian Diaspora in the United States takes a new perspective on the topic of brain drain, departing from the traditional literature to include discussions on brain gain and brain circulation using Indian migration to the United States as a case study. Sahay acknowledges that host country policies create the necessary conditions for brain drain to take place, but argues that source countries may also benefit from out-migration of their workers and students. These benefits are measured as remittances, investments, and savings associated with return, and social networking that links expatriates with their country of origin. Through success and visibility in host societies, diaspora workers further influence economic and political benefits for their home countries. This type of brain gain becomes an element of soft power for the source country in the long term. Indian Diaspora in the United States is a ground-breaking work that intersects economic and political issues to the dimension of migration and the concerns over brain drain. With its rigorous, connectionist approach, this book is a valuable contribution to the fields of diaspora, labor, globalization, and Indian studies.

Brain Drain

The Breakthrough That Will Change Your Life

Author: Charles Glassman

Publisher: BookBaby

ISBN: 1617925772

Category: Self-Help

Page: 236

View: 1794

What is it that keeps so many people mired in a bad relationship, unable to break free or to do what it takes to fix it? Why do some people always seem to be sick, or too exhausted to enjoy life? How about you—do you find yourself wondering, “Is this all there is?” To you, does the grass always seem greener in someone else’s life? Maybe you have difficulty making decisions and sticking to them. Or maybe you know you have bad habits, but you can’t seem to break them. Why is it that your to-do list becomes the most important thing in your life, the second your head hits the pillow? When things are going great do you find yourself constantly waiting for the other shoe to drop? When someone cuts in front of you on the road, are you consumed with anger and find that it affects the rest of your day? If someone in your family leaves the cap off the toothpaste tube, do you react far out of proportion to the seriousness of the offense? During my career as a medical doctor I have discovered that the key to nurturing the mind-body connection is dealing with questions like these. Our brain runs everything we do; it is omnipresent as it directs, plots, and maneuvers us through our lives. Of course, we also need it to keep our heart beating and our lungs breathing. It is the same brain, for the most part, that has existed in the heads of Homo sapiens for more than 200,000 years. A few years ago, a patient encouraged me to “motivate him” with a weekly email message. I decided others might benefit from the same kind of motivation, and so began my weekly message series. As my messages explored more and more subjects and the number of readers grew larger, I began to receive emails from people who told me that what I wrote seemed to be speaking directly to them. This ability to connect might have something to do with the fact that I have been an internist for more than twenty years and have a lot of experience dealing with all aspects of my patients’ lives. My patients always inspire me. Nevertheless, everything I write is based directly on my personal insight and experience. I am now excited to share with you the continuation of my journey, so it can become part of yours. When you learn to stop your own personal brain drain, you will remove the single greatest obstruction to the flow of positive energy into your life. You will understand and take control over that which makes you feel endangered, threatened, or vulnerable and not react automatically to it. You will begin to see life through your mind, and understand that you will always find a way and a way will always find you, attracting the abundance that you deserve.

International Migration, Remittances, and the Brain Drain

Author: Maurice Schiff,aglar zden

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821363744

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 3268

International migration, the movement of people across international boundaries, has enormous economic, social and cultural implications in both origin and destination countries. Using original research, this title examines the determinants of migration, the impact of remittances and migration on poverty, welfare, and investment decisions, and the consequences of brain drain, brain gain, and brain waste.

African Brain Circulation

Beyond the Drain-Gain Debate

Author: Rubin Patterson

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004158855

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 7517

Transnational society is a new field of study, just as brain circulation is a new development strategy for the global South. This book contributes to the growing scholarship on transnational society and brain circulation, thus highlighting the dynamic social practices already underway

Brain Drain and Brain Gain in Europe

an evaluation of the East-European migration to German

Author: Thomas Straubhaar,Martin Wolburg

Publisher: N.A


Category: Brain drain

Page: 35

View: 5115


Environment, Politics and Society

Author: N.A

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787147762

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 7428

Human activities and decision-making have enormous impacts on the environment. This volume engages in critical conversations on these issues and how their inter-connectedness and outcomes shape the natural environment and human activity.

Brain Gain

Rethinking U.S. Immigration Policy

Author: Darrell M. West

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815704836

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 6841

Many of America's greatest artists, scientists, investors, educators, and entrepreneurs have come from abroad. Rather than suffering from the "brain drain" of talented and educated individuals emigrating, the United States has benefited greatly over the years from the "brain gain" of immigration. These gifted immigrants have engineered advances in energy, information technology, international commerce, sports, arts, and culture. To stay competitive, the United States must institute more of an open-door policy to attract unique talents from other nations. Yet Americans resist such a policy despite their own immigrant histories and the substantial social, economic, intellectual, and cultural benefits of welcoming newcomers. Why? In Brain Gain, Darrell West asserts that perception or "vision" is one reason reform in immigration policy is so politically difficult. Public discourse tends to emphasize the perceived negatives. Fear too often trumps optimism and reason. And democracy is messy, with policy principles that are often difficult to reconcile. The seeming irrationality of U.S. immigration policy arises from a variety of thorny and interrelated factors: particularistic politics and fragmented institutions, public concern regarding education and employment, anger over taxes and social services, and ambivalence about national identity, culture, and language. Add to that stew a myopic (or worse) press, persistent fears of terrorism, and the difficulties of implementing border enforcement and legal justice. West prescribes a series of reforms that will put America on a better course and enhance its long-term social and economic prosperity. Reconceptualizing immigration as a way to enhance innovation and competitiveness, the author notes, will help us find the next Sergey Brin, the next Andrew Grove, or even the next Albert Einstein.

The migration of knowledge workers

second-generation effects of India's brain drain

Author: Binod Khadria

Publisher: Sage Publications Pvt. Ltd


Category: History

Page: 240

View: 1193

This unusual book takes a positive approach and explores how a nation losing its valuable human resources to another one can make the best of the situation. To this end, the author analyses the migration of knowledge workers from India to the USA over three decades and locates this phenomenon within the context of a civil society seeking to reconcile its loss of human capital with an expanding diaspora. Focusing primarily on `the second-generation effects` of brain drain, Binod Khadria proposes various ways in which to turn the exodus of talent to the home country`s advantage.

Stepping Out of the Brain Drain

Applying Catholic Social Teaching in a New Era of Migration

Author: Michele R. Pistone,John J. Hoeffner

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739161326

Category: Religion

Page: 260

View: 2806

Catholic social teaching's traditional opposition to 'brain drain' migration from developing to developed countries is due for a reassessment. Stepping Out of the Brain Drain provides exactly this, as it demonstrates that both the economic and the ethical rationales for the teaching's opposition to 'brain drain' have been undermined in recent years, and shows how the adoption of a less critical policy could provide enhanced opportunities for poor countries to accelerate their economic development.

Brain Drain und Brain Gain in Indien

Author: Dennis Pulimittathu,Jörg Geuting

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638445984

Category: Political Science

Page: 17

View: 6784

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Region: Südasien, Note: 1,7, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster (Institut für Politikwissenschaft), 17 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Mit der vorliegenden Arbeit soll der Brain Drain und Brain Gain Prozess, wie er sich in vielen Ländern darstellt an einem Beispiel veranschaulicht werden. Indien gilt schon lange in der Literatur als beispielhaft für einen Umkehrungsprozess vom Brain Drain zum „Brain Gain – Land“. Neuere Ansätze sehen die Emigration von Hochqualifizierten nicht mehr als einen abgeschlossenen Prozess, der für die Abgabeländer ausschließlich negative Folgen hat. Stattdessen wird die Elitenmigration als ein zirkulärer Prozess verstanden von dem neben den Industrieländern auch die Schwellen- und Entwicklungsländer profitieren können. Denn die einst abgewanderten Eliten können sich, nach ihrer Rückkehr ins Heimatland mit ihrem gewonnenen Know-How, Kapital und Kontakten in den Industrieländern, am Entwicklungsprozess beteiligen. Dieser Prozess der Brain Circulation soll am Beispiel Indiens aufgezeigt werden und anschließend bewertet werden. Die Arbeit ist in fünf Kapitel gegliedert: Nach der Einleitung soll zunächst ein Überblick über das Land Indien gegeben werden. Denn wenn man über einen Raum berichtet, sollte der Leser auch wissen wie es in diesem Raum aussieht und welche speziellen Vorraussetzungen gegeben sind. Im zweiten Kapitel sollen zunächst die Begrifflichkeiten definiert werden. Denn diese sind in der Literatur nicht einheitlich und daher soll zunächst definiert werden, was man mit den verschiedenen Begriffen meint. Im dritten Kapitel sollen die Ursachen, Folgen, Probleme und mögliche Lösungsansätze aufgezeigt werden durch die sich der Brain Drain Prozess in Indien charakterisiert. Ob es sich bei Indien um einen Verlierer im Brain Circulation Prozess handelt, soll im Kapitel vier geklärt werden. Im fünften Kapitel sollen die Ergebnisse noch einmal kurz zusammengefasst werden und bewertet werden.

Innovation in Business Education in Emerging Markets

Author: Ilan Alon,Victoria Jones

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137292962

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 269

View: 4728

Emerging market economies account for eighty percent of the world's population and some 75% of its trade growth in the foreseeable future, following US Department of Commerce data. This volume provides insights for success in rapidly growing education markets that can be used by educators, administrators, policy makers and planners.