Bones of the Ancestors

The Archaeology and Osteobiography of the Moatfield Ossuary

Author: Susan Pfeiffer,Ronald F. Williamson

Publisher: Gatineau, Quebec : Canadian Museum of Civilization

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 8138

Part 1 of the final volume of A History of the Native People of Canada treats eastern Canada and the southern Subarctic regions of the Prairies. It examines the association of archaeological sites with the Native peoples recorded in European documents and particularly the agricultural revolution of the Iroquoian people of the Lower Great Lakes and Upper St. Lawrence River. James V. Wright is curator emeritus of the Canadian Museum of Civilization.
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The Bones of the Ancestors are Shaking

Xhosa Oral Poetry in Context

Author: Russell Kaschula

Publisher: Juta and Company Ltd

ISBN: 9780702152078

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 304

View: 7083

‘In The Bones of The Ancestors Are Shaking, Russell Kaschula provides an ample introduction to the subject of oral poetry, both drawing on earlier accounts and presenting his own material, much of which has hitherto been unavailable in book form. Kaschula presents rich texts and translations of the Xhosa praise poetry for which southern Africa has long been famous, not only in the context of studies of African oral literature, but also among comparative scholars of world literature. The texts and translations in this book are a valuable and attractive addition to the record, ranging as they do from nineteenth-century examples to late twentieth-century praises for Joe Slovo, F.W. de Klerk, the South African soccer squad or Nelson Mandela, the latter being a special focus of the volume.’ — Professor Ruth Finnegan, The Open University, UK
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Bones of the ancestors

the Ambum Stone : from the New Guinea highlands to the antiquities market to Australia

Author: Brian Egloff

Publisher: Altamira Pr

ISBN: 9780759111608

Category: Art

Page: 278

View: 4962

The 3,500-year-old Ambum Stone from Papua New Guinea is the focus of several archaeological stories. The stone itself is an interesting artifact, an important piece of art history that tells us something about the ancient Papuans. The stone is also at the center of controversies over the provenance and ownership of ancient artifacts, as it was excavated on the island of New Guinea, transferred out of the country, and sold on the antiquities market. In telling the story of the Ambum Stone, Brian Egloff raises questions about what can be learned from ancient works of art, about cultural property and the ownership of the past, about the complex and at times shadowy world of art dealers and collectors, and about the role ancient artifacts can play in forming the identities of modern peoples. Book jacket.
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Death and the Regeneration of Life

Author: Maurice Bloch,Jonathan Parry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521270373

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 1553

It is a classical anthropological paradox that symbols of rebirth and fertility are frequently found in funerary rituals throughout the world. The original essays collected here re-examine this phenomenon through insights from China, India, New Guinea, Latin America, and Africa. The contributors, each a specialist in one of these areas, have worked in close collaboration to produce a genuinely innovative theoretical approach to the study of the symbolism surrounding death, an outline of which is provided in an important introduction by the editors. The major concern of the volume is the way in which funerary rituals dramatically transform the image of life as a dialectic flux involving exchange and transaction, marriage and procreation, into an image of a still, transcendental order in which oppositions such as those between self and other, wife-giver and wife-taker, Brahmin and untouchable, birth and therefore death have been abolished. This transformation often involves a general devaluation of biology, and, particularly, of sexuality, which is contrasted with a more spiritual and controlled source of life. The role of women, who are frequently associated with biological processes, mourning and death pollution, is often predominant in funerary rituals, and in examining this book makes a further contribution to the understanding of the symbolism of gender. The death rituals and the symbolism of rebirth are also analysed in the context of the political processes of the different societies considered, and it is argued that social order and political organisation may be legitimated through an exploitation of the emotions and biology.
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Ancestors in Our Genome

The New Science of Human Evolution

Author: Eugene E. Harris

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199978204

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 9056

In 2001, scientists were finally able to determine the full human genome sequence, and with the discovery began a genomic voyage back in time. Since then, we have sequenced the full genomes of a number of mankind's primate relatives at a remarkable rate. The genomes of the common chimpanzee (2005) and bonobo (2012), orangutan (2011), gorilla (2012), and macaque monkey (2007) have already been identified, and the determination of other primate genomes is well underway. Researchers are beginning to unravel our full genomic history, comparing it with closely related species to answer age-old questions about how and when we evolved. For the first time, we are finding our own ancestors in our genome and are thereby gleaning new information about our evolutionary past. In Ancestors in Our Genome, molecular anthropologist Eugene E. Harris presents us with a complete and up-to-date account of the evolution of the human genome and our species. Written from the perspective of population genetics, and in simple terms, the book traces human origins back to their source among our earliest human ancestors, and explains many of the most intriguing questions that genome scientists are currently working to answer. For example, what does the high level of discordance among the gene trees of humans and the African great apes tell us about our respective separations from our common ancestor? Was our separation from the apes fast or slow, and when and why did it occur? Where, when, and how did our modern species evolve? How do we search across genomes to find the genomic underpinnings of our large and complex brains and language abilities? How can we find the genomic bases for life at high altitudes, for lactose tolerance, resistance to disease, and for our different skin pigmentations? How and when did we interbreed with Neandertals and the recently discovered ancient Denisovans of Asia? Harris draws upon extensive experience researching primate evolution in order to deliver a lively and thorough history of human evolution. Ancestors in Our Genome is the most complete discussion of our current understanding of the human genome available.
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People of the Whale: A Novel

Author: Linda Hogan

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393072822

Category: Fiction

Page: 312

View: 2915

"Deeply ecological, original, and spellbinding." —Booklist, starred review Raised in a remote seaside village, Thomas Witka Just marries Ruth, his beloved since infancy. But an ill-fated decision to fight in Vietnam changes his life forever: cut off from his Native American community, he fathers a child with another woman. When he returns home a hero, he finds his tribe in conflict over the decision to hunt a whale, both a symbol of spirituality and rebirth and a means of survival. In the end, he reconciles his two existences, only to see tragedy befall the son he left behind.
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Crossroads of the Natural World

Exploring North Carolina with Tom Earnhardt

Author: Tom Earnhardt

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 146960700X

Category: Nature

Page: 328

View: 7521

In this richly illustrated love letter to the wild places and natural wonders of North Carolina, Tom Earnhardt, writer and host of UNC-TV's Exploring North Carolina and lifelong conservationist, seamlessly ties deep geological time and forgotten species from our distant past to the unparalleled biodiversity of today. With varied topography and a climate that is simultaneously subtropical, temperate, and subarctic, he shows that North Carolina is a meeting place for living things more commonly found far to the north and south. Highlighting the ways in which the state is a unique ecological crossroads, Earnhardt's research, insightful writing, and stunning photography will both teach and inspire. Crossroads of the Natural World invites readers to engage a variety of topics, including the impacts of invasive species, the importance of forested buffers along our rivers, the role of naturalists, and the challenges facing the state in a time of climate change and sea-level rise. By sharing his own journey of more than sixty years, Earnhardt entices North Carolinians of every age to explore the natural diversity of our state.
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Living in the Land of Death

The Choctaw Nation, 1830-1860

Author: Donna L. Akers

Publisher: MSU Press

ISBN: 0870138839

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 887

With the Indian Removal Act of 1830, the Choctaw people began their journey over the Trail of Tears from their homelands in Mississippi to the new lands of the Choctaw Nation. Suffering a death rate of nearly 20 percent due to exposure, disease, mismanagement, and fraud, they limped into Indian Territory, or, as they knew it, the Land of the Dead (the route taken by the souls of Choctaw people after death on their way to the Choctaw afterlife). Their first few years in the new nation affirmed their name for the land, as hundreds more died from whooping cough, floods, starvation, cholera, and smallpox. Living in the Land of the Dead depicts the story of Choctaw survival, and the evolution of the Choctaw people in their new environment. Culturally, over time, their adaptation was one of homesteads and agriculture, eventually making them self-sufficient in the rich new lands of Indian Territory. Along the Red River and other major waterways several Choctaw families of mixed heritage built plantations, and imported large crews of slave labor to work cotton fields. They developed a sub-economy based on interaction with the world market. However, the vast majority of Choctaws continued with their traditional subsistence economy that was easily adapted to their new environment. The immigrant Choctaws did not, however, move into land that was vacant. The U.S. government, through many questionable and some outright corrupt extralegal maneuvers, chose to believe it had gained title through negotiations with some of the peoples whose homelands and hunting grounds formed Indian Territory. Many of these indigenous peoples reacted furiously to the incursion of the Choctaws onto their rightful lands. They threatened and attacked the Choctaws and other immigrant Indian Nations for years. Intruding on others’ rightful homelands, the farming-based Choctaws, through occupation and economics, disrupted the traditional hunting economy practiced by the Southern Plains Indians, and contributed to the demise of the Plains ways of life.
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The Ancestress Hypothesis

Visual Art as Adaptation

Author: Kathryn Coe

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813531328

Category: Art

Page: 214

View: 3517

In our society it has long been believed that art serves very little social purpose. Evolutionary anthropologists, however, are examining a potential role for art in human evolution. Kathryn Coe looks to the visual arts of traditional societies for clues. Because they are passed down from previous generations, traditional art forms such as body decoration, funeral ornaments, and ancestral paintings offer ways to promote social relationships among kin and codescendants of a common ancestor. Mothers used art forms to anchor themselves and their kin to the father and his kin, and to promote the survival and reproductive success of kin and descendants. Individuals who abided by this strategy, accompanied by its strict codes of cooperation, left more descendants than did individuals who did not. Over time, given this reproductive success, large numbers of individuals would be identified as codescendants of a common ancestor and would cooperate as if they were close kin. These cooperative codescendants were more likely to survive and leave descendants. With each new generation these clans propagated not only their genes but also their behavioral strategy, the replication or presence of “art.” The book concludes by examining the changing characteristics of visual art—including a higher value on creativity, competition, and cost—when traditional constraints on social behavior disappear.
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Discovering the Traditions of Prose Prayers in Early Jewish Literature

Author: Michael D. Matlock

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0567458105

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 3224

In this volume Michael D. Matlock analyses five lengthy biblical prose prayers from the exilic and post-exilic period: Solomon's prayer (1 Kings 8.14-61), Ezra's prayer (Ezra 9.5-15), Nehemiah's prayer (Nehemiah 1.4-11), the Levites' prayer (Nehemiah 9.4-37), and the prayer of Daniel (Daniel 9:3-19). He also examines prayers from Second Temple literature including texts from the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, the writings of Philo and Josephus and texts from Qumran, and discusses the Septuagintal versions of the five biblical prayers and Targum Jonathan's treatment of Solomon's prayer. He offers a new English translation of each prayer, examines the prayers' rhetorical characteristics, and demonstrates how each prayer draws upon and reinterprets traditional images and materials. Matlock describes how each prayer relates to its larger narrative context and examines its functions within that context. Finally, he appraises the various similarities and differences in these prayers in terms of their different contexts in the Second Commonwealth period noting particular theologies and ideologies.
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Human Osteology

Author: Tim D. White,Michael T. Black,Pieter A. Folkens

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080920856

Category: Medical

Page: 688

View: 3935

A classic in its field, Human Osteology has been used by students and professionals through nearly two decades. Now revised and updated for a third edition, the book continues to build on its foundation of detailed photographs and practical real-world application of science. New information, expanded coverage of existing chapters, and additional supportive photographs keep this book current and valuable for both classroom and field work. Osteologists, archaeologists, anatomists, forensic scientists and paleontologists will all find practical information on accurately identifying, recovering, and analyzing and reporting on human skeletal remains and on making correct deductions from those remains. From the world renowned and bestselling team of osteologist Tim D. White, Michael T. Black and photographer Pieter A. Folkens Includes hundreds of exceptional photographs in exquisite detail showing the maximum amount of anatomical information Features updated and expanded coverage including forensic damage to bone and updated case study examples Presents life sized images of skeletal parts for ease of study and reference
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Stone Age Present

How Evolution Has Shaped Modern Life -- From Sex, Violence and Language to Emotions, Morals and Communities

Author: William Allman

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684804557

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 1556

The first popular-science book to move beyond the "nature versus nurture" debate and illuminate how the legacy of our ancient ancestors profoundly influences our contemporary behavior and moral values. In this fascinating synthesis of biology, anthropology, psychology, and other disciplines, William Allman traces the development of humankind and human communities.
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The Force of Family

Repatriation, Kinship, and Memory on Haida Gwaii

Author: Cara Krmpotich

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666072

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3675

Over the course of more than a decade, the Haida Nation triumphantly returned home all known Haida ancestral remains from North American museums. In the summer of 2010, they achieved what many thought was impossible: the repatriation of ancestral remains from the Pitt Rivers Museum at the University of Oxford. The Force of Family is an ethnography of those efforts to repatriate ancestral remains from museums around the world. Focusing on objects made to honour the ancestors, Cara Krmpotich explores how memory, objects, and kinship connect and form a cultural archive. Since the mid-1990s, Haidas have been making button blankets and bentwood boxes with clan crest designs, hosting feasts for hundreds of people, and composing and choreographing new songs and dances in the service of repatriation. The book comes to understand how shared experiences of sewing, weaving, dancing, cooking and feasting lead to the Haida notion of “respect,” the creation of kinship and collective memory, and the production of a cultural archive.
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Three Times Chai

54 Rabbis Tell Their Favorite Stories

Author: Laney Katz Becker

Publisher: Behrman House, Inc

ISBN: 9780874418101

Category: Religion

Page: 136

View: 7026

For Jews everywhere, the number 18 resonates deeply: it signifies life, as does every multiple of 18. And the Hebrew word for life is Chai. In three Times Chai, 54 rabbis introduce us to favorite stories that exemplify for them a Jewish ideal or principle: a triple helping of life's blessings in one unusual anthology. Here you will find stories that inspire, teach or simply amuse, each accompanied by a note discussing the lessons that can be drawn from it and why it is a particular rabbi's favorite. Perfect for reading aloud or alone, Three Times Chai makes a wonderful gift, a valuable resource for sermons, and a singular tool for promoting thoughtful conversation in the classroom.
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Home

A Time Traveller's Tales from Britain's Prehistory

Author: Francis Pryor

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141971339

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 5975

In Home Francis Pryor, author of The Making of the British Landscape, archaeologist and broadcaster, takes us on his lifetime's quest: to discover the origins of family life in prehistoric Britain Francis Pryor's search for the origins of our island story has been the quest of a lifetime. In Home, the Time Team expert explores the first nine thousand years of life in Britain, from the retreat of the glaciers to the Romans' departure. Tracing the settlement of domestic communities, he shows how archaeology enables us to reconstruct the evolution of habits, traditions and customs. But this, too, is Francis Pryor's own story: of his passion for unearthing our past, from Yorkshire to the west country, Lincolnshire to Wales, digging in freezing winters, arid summers, mud and hurricanes, through frustrated journeys and euphoric discoveries. Evocative and intimate, Home shows how, in going about their daily existence, our prehistoric ancestors created the institution that remains at the heart of the way we live now: the family. 'Under his gaze, the land starts to fill with tribes and clans wandering this way and that, leaving traces that can still be seen today . . . Pryor feels the land rather than simply knowing it' - Guardian Former president of the Council for British Archaeology, Dr Francis Pryor has spent over thirty years studying our prehistory. He has excavated sites as diverse as Bronze Age farms, field systems and entire Iron Age villages. He appears frequently on TV's Time Team and is the author of The Making of the British Landscape, Seahenge, as well as Britain BC and Britain AD, both of which he adapted and presented as Channel 4 series.
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Zoology

Author: A. E. Shipley,E. W. MacBride

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107655501

Category: Science

Page: 692

View: 8385

First published in 1904 as the second edition of a 1901 original, this book provides a beginner's guide to zoology, from simple life forms to more sophisticated vertebrates. At the end of the sections on each phylum a short table of classification is given to indicate the general position of the animals mentioned in the general scheme of the animal kingdom. The text is richly illustrated with over three hundred diagrams and drawings for ease of comprehension. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of education.
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Clinical Anatomy and Physiology for Veterinary Technicians - E-Book

Author: Thomas P. Colville,Joanna M. Bassert

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323356206

Category: Medical

Page: 656

View: 9182

Start your veterinary technician education off on the right foot with Clinical Anatomy and Physiology for Veterinary Technicians, 3rd Edition. Combining expert clinical coverage with engaging writing and vivid illustrations, this popular text is the key to helping you understand the anatomic and physiologic principles that will carry you throughout your career. In addition to its comprehensive coverage of the diverse ways in which animal bodies function at both the systemic and cellular levels, the new third edition features a variety of helpful application boxes, vocabulary lists, and Test Yourself questions in every chapter to ensure you have a firm grasp of anatomic structure and its relevance to clinical practice. High quality, full color illustrations highlight the details of anatomic structure to enhance understanding of anatomy functions. Chapter outlines summarize the contents of each chapter at the major concept level. Clinical Application boxes throughout the text demonstrate the clinical relevance of anatomic and physiologic principles. Test Yourself questions recap important information that appeared in the preceding section. Comprehensive glossary at the end of the text provides concise definitions and phonetic pronunciations of terms. NEW! Vocabulary Fundamentals list of terms at the beginning of each chapter introduce readers to new scientific terms and their pronunciations.
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