Beyond Varieties of Capitalism

Conflict, Contradictions, and Complementarities in the European Economy

Author: Bob Hancké,Martin Rhodes,Mark Thatcher

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199206481

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 438

View: 3515

This edited work critically analyses developments in European Political Economy and their effects on the continental European economies. Leading political economists from Europe and the United States consider how the influential 'Varieties of Capitalism' approach can help us understand these challenges.
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Institutional Change in a Varieties of Capitalism Context

How to Explain Shifts from Coordinated Market Economies towards Liberal Market Economies in the 1990s - An Empirical Analysis of Cross-Country Data

Author: Dana Liebmann

Publisher: Rainer Hampp Verlag

ISBN: 3866183283

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 257

View: 3360

Based on the Varieties of Capitalism (VoC) theory the development of economic systems is explored. Studies testing the VoC approach as a whole are rare and they reveal institutional change that contradicts and challenges the theoretically expected developments. During the 1990s, several Coordinated Market Economies (CME) display change towards institutional structures commonly found in Liberal Market Economies (LME). This thesis, relying on data from 16 countries, examines the differences between these changing CMEs and those that still show distinct CME structures at the end of the decade. According to Douglas North's Transaction Cost Theory of Institutional Change the study empirically investigates formal and informal constraints that may be capable of fostering or, respectively, hampering institutional change directed towards LME settings. In a quantitative analysis several formal parameters are considered (political system, property rights structure, juridical elements and economic integration). Moreover, socio-cultural factors are reviewed. It is usually agreed in the institution literature, at least at a theoretical level, that norms and values ought to be taken into account as explanatory factors. Explicit empirical testing can, however, scarcely be found. National differences in values as well as the issue of value change are traced with data provided by the World Values Study.
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Debating Varieties of Capitalism

A Reader

Author: Bob Hancké

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199569673

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 334

View: 9263

Hall and Soskice's Varieties of Capitalism (VoC) has become a seminal text across the social sciences in the debate about political-economic models. Here, Bob Hancké presents the key readings on VoC, including the original Hall and Soskice introduction, showing how these ideas have changed the way we look at comparative political economy.
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Spielarten des akademischen Kapitalismus

Hochschulsysteme im internationalen Vergleich

Author: Michael Hölscher

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658109629

Category: Social Science

Page: 419

View: 7109

Die international vergleichende Hochschulforschung liefert sehr detaillierte Länderberichte und -vergleiche, ist dabei aber häufig etwas theoriearm. Das Buch zeigt auf, dass der theoretische Ansatz der Varieties of Capitalism (VoC, deutsch: Spielarten des Kapitalismus) eine geeignete Heuristik darstellt, um empirisch zu beobachtende Unterschiede in den Hochschulsystemen konsistent zu erklären. So zeigen sich etwa die erwartbaren Unterschiede zwischen koordinierten und liberalen Marktwirtschaften in der Hochschullehre, bei den Kompetenzen der Absolventen und bei der Privatisierung. Mit der Anwendung auf den Hochschulbereich bietet das Buch gleichzeitig den ersten umfassenden empirischen Test für die Brauchbarkeit des VoC-Ansatzes in einem hoch relevanten, aber bisher unterbelichteten Bereich.
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Handbuch Policy-Forschung

Author: Georg Wenzelburger,Reimut Zohlnhöfer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658019689

Category: Political Science

Page: 735

View: 1415

Das Handbuch bietet einen Überblick über den aktuellen Stand der Policy-Forschung, der in drei Teile gegliedert ist. Die Theorie-Beiträge präsentieren die Annahmen, Grundideen, Hauptargumente und Hypothesen der jeweiligen Theorieansätze zur Erklärung von Policies und diskutieren die empirische Eignung der Theorie durch einen Überblick über den Forschungsstand. Die Beiträge „Methoden der Policy-Forschung“ stellen Grundzüge, Stärken und Schwächen sowie Anwendungsfelder einschlägiger Methoden dar. Anhand ausgewählter Politikfelder werden Ergebnisse der Policy-Forschung in unterschiedlichen Bereichen der Staatstätigkeit aufgezeigt und Querverbindungen sowohl zu den unterschiedlichen theoretischen Zugängen als auch zu unterschiedlichen Methoden gezogen.​
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Historizität und Sozialität in der sozioökonomischen Bildung

Author: Christian Fridrich,Reinhold Hedtke,Georg Tafner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658228016

Category: Social Science

Page: 314

View: 6915

Der Themenband beschäftigt sich mit der Bedeutung des Sozialen und des Historischen für sozioökonomische Bildung in Schulen und Hochschulen in Deutschland und Österreich. In den Beiträgen werden fachwissenschaftliche Begründungslinien und fachdidaktische Konzepte für die systematische Integration von historischen und gesellschaftlichen Perspektiven in Bildungsgänge der sozialwissenschaftlichen Domäne entwickelt. Sie greifen damit aktuelle fachwissenschaftliche Debatten über die Relevanz von Geschichte und Gesellschaft für ein angemessenes Verständnis von Wirtschaft auf. Historizität und Sozialität sind zentrale Konzepte für die sozioökonomische Bildung, weil ökonomische Institutionen, Strukturen und Prozesse ebenso historisch bedingt und gesellschaftlich eingebettet sind, wie die Begriffe, Theorien und Verfahren, mit denen sie in Wissenschaft, Bildung und Öffentlichkeit erschlossen und verhandelt werden, und die Politiken, mit denen sie gestaltet werden. Die Autorinnen und Autoren zeigen, wie man diese grundlegenden Zusammenhänge theoretisch, konzeptionell und praktisch in der sozioökonomischen Bildung aufgreifen kann.
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The Consequences of the Global Financial Crisis

The Rhetoric of Reform and Regulation

Author: Wyn Grant,Graham K. Wilson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199641986

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 5896

Systematically exploring the consequences of the global financial crisis, this text focuses primarily on the impact on policy and politics. It asks how governments responded to the challenges that the crisis has posed, and the policy and political impact of the combination of both the crisis itself and these responses.
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The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems

Author: Michael A. Witt,Gordon Redding

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626554

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 752

View: 8658

Much of the existing literature within the "varieties of capitalism" (VOC) and "comparative business systems" fields of research is heavily focused on Europe, Japan, and the Anglo-Saxon nations. As a result, the field has yet to produce a detailed empirical picture of the institutional structures of most Asian nations and to explore to what extent existing theory applies to the Asian context. The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems aims to address this imbalance by exploring the shape and consequences of institutional variations across the political economies of different societies within Asia. Drawing on the deep knowledge of 31 leading experts, this book presents an empirical, comparative institutional analysis of 13 major Asian business systems between India and Japan. To aid comparison, each country chapter follows the same consistent outline. Complementing the country chapters are eleven contributions examining major themes across the region in comparative perspective and linking the empirical picture to existing theory on these themes. A further three chapters provide perspectives on the influence of history and institutional change. The concluding chapters spell out the implications of all these chapters for scholars in the field and for business practitioners in Asia. The Handbook is a major reference work for scholars researching the causes of success and failure in international business in Asia.
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Regional and International Relations of Central Europe

Author: Zlatko Sabic,P. Drulák

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137283459

Category: Political Science

Page: 322

View: 7513

Focused on the role of Central Europe in international politics at the turn of the 20th century, the authors take stock of the knowledge about the discipline of IR, enhance the visibility of scholars from Central Europe, and fill the void which has emerged after several researches on Central Europe were completed in the 1990s.
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The Future of Capitalism After the Financial Crisis

The Varieties of Capitalism Debate in the Age of Austerity

Author: Richard Westra,Dennis Badeen,Robert Albritton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317935543

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 8890

The Future of Capitalism After the Financial Crisis: The Varieties of Capitalism Debate in the Age of Austerity contains thirteen world leading political economists writing from within eight different countries who critically analyze the current crisis tendencies of capitalism both globally and in particular countries. Given the likelihood of an increasingly crisis prone future for capitalism, it is important not only to rethink capitalism in its current manifestations or varieties. It is also important to rethink research methods and conceptual frameworks in preparation for understanding an increasingly rocky future in which capitalism itself could go the way of the many species that in the past were endangered only to become extinct. More and more titles of books and articles are suggesting that capitalism or perhaps civilization itself is endangered if we do not make radical changes in the near future. This book breaks with academic path dependency and attempts to open new vistas of political economy and of multidisciplinary analysis that are crucially important if our thought processes are to be effective in a world in jeopardy. The varieties of capitalism (VoC) debate itself came into being as the Soviet Union unraveled. It drew in scholarship from a cross-section of Marxian and heterodox political economy. The key argument of VoC was that if capitalism was the only global option then those on the Left must get involved in policy discussions on how capitalist economies can be fashioned to become competitive as well as progressive. However, the financial crisis has seen policy across the advanced economies veer toward competitiveness coupled with austerity. The lesson for the Left is that alternatives to capitalism must be sought in the here and now.
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The Oxford Handbook of Employment Relations

Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Geoffrey Wood,Richard Deeg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 760

View: 2163

There have been numerous accounts exploring the relationship between institutions and firm practices. However, much of this literature tends to be located into distinct theoretical-traditional 'silos', such as national business systems, social systems of production, regulation theory, or varieties of capitalism, with limited dialogue between different approaches to enhance understanding of institutional effects. Again, evaluations of the relationship between institutions and employment relations have tended to be of the broad-brushstroke nature, often founded on macro-data, and with only limited attention being accorded to internal diversity and details of actual practice. The Handbook aims to fill this gap by bringing together an assembly of comprehensive and high quality chapters to enable understanding of changes in employment relations since the early 1970s. Theoretically-based chapters attempt to link varieties of capitalism, business systems, and different modes of regulation to the specific practice of employment relations, and offer a truly comparative treatment of the subject, providing frameworks and empirical evidence for understanding trends in employment relations in different parts of the world. Most notably, the Handbook seeks to incorporate at a theoretical level regulationist accounts and recent work that link bounded internal systemic diversity with change, and, at an applied level, a greater emphasis on recent applied evidence, specifically dealing with the employment contract, its implementation, and related questions of work organization. It will be useful to academics and students of industrial relations, political economy, and management.
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Varieties of Capitalism in Asia

Beyond the Developmental State

Author: David Hundt,Jitendra Uttam

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349589748

Category: Political Science

Page: 283

View: 1367

This book devises an innovative new way of explaining how socioeconomic orders shape capitalism in Asia. Hundt and Uttam go beyond both the ‘varieties of capitalism’ approach, which is mainly used to analyse Western capitalism, and the 'developmental state' thesis, which is the primary framework for analysing capitalism in Asia, and propose a new and innovative approach to the emergence of capitalist systems. Rather than focusing solely or predominantly on the state, they argue, it is necessary to bring society back in to an analysis of capitalism. The authors apply this approach to case studies from across the region: Japan; South Korea and Taiwan; Hong Kong and Singapore; Malaysia and Thailand; and India and China. This volume will appeal to historians, political scientists and economists, as well as policymakers, who are interested in the transformation of the Asian region since World War II.
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National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism

The Danish Experience

Author: John L. Campbell,John A. Hall,Ove Kaj Pedersen

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773529977

Category: Political Science

Page: 525

View: 8499

Denmark has out-performed most other advanced capitalist countries since the mid-1980s Contributors to National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism draw from the literature on capitalism and small states and corporatism to explore why this is the case. They find that Danish political and economic institutions facilitate bargaining and consensus building in ways that have enabled the state, businesses, and labour unions to adapt to the challenges of globalization. Moreover, by virtue of its small size, homogeneous population, and response to a variety of international challenges - both economic and geopolitical - Denmark has developed a strong national identity that further bolsters consensus building. The result has been an adaptable and flourishing national political economy.
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Developments in European Politics 2

Author: Erik Jones

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230345239

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 6482

Rarely has European politics been so tumultuous or difficult to predict. The global economic crisis and subsequent recession have had a profound effect on Europe's political, economic and social landscape, as governments have been forced to cope with almost unprecedented levels of public debt. A pan-European analysis is essential for those seeking to understand contemporary trends and developments. Developments in European Politics brings together specially commissioned chapters by leading authorities to give an up-to-date and systematic analysis of European political developments – in institutions, processes and policy – at both national and regional levels. It provides wide-ranging and clear analysis of the factors influencing European politics, from the Europeanization of national politics to the broader forces of globalization, immigration, climate change and international terrorism.
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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9733

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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The Nordic Varieties of Capitalism

Author: Lars Mjoset

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857247778

Category: Political Science

Page: 420

View: 5826

A comprehensive analysis of the political economy of the five Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden). It emphasizes the variety of experiences within the Nordic realm, from the dramatic collapse of Iceland's economy as the financial bubble burst in 2008 to the full-employment oil-economy of Norway.
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Postkapitalismus

Grundrisse einer kommenden Ökonomie

Author: Paul Mason

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351874478X

Category: Political Science

Page: 500

View: 5978

Drei Dinge wissen wir: Der Kapitalismus hat den Feudalismus abgelöst; seither durchlief er zyklische Tiefs, spätestens seit 2008 stottert der Motor. Was wir nicht wissen: Erleben wir eine der üblichen Krisen oder den Anbruch einer postkapitalistischen Ordnung? Paul Mason blickt auf die Daten, sichtet Krisentheorien – und sagt: Wir stehen am Anfang von etwas Neuem. Er nimmt dabei Überlegungen auf, die vor über 150 Jahren in einer Londoner Bibliothek entwickelt wurden und laut denen Wissen und intelligente Maschinen den Kapitalismus eines Tages »in die Luft sprengen« könnten. Im Zeitalter des Stahls und der Schrauben, der Hierarchien und der Knappheit war diese Vision so radikal, dass Marx sie schnell in der Schublade verschwinden ließ. In der Welt der Netzwerke, der Kooperation und des digitalen Überflusses ist sie aktueller denn je. In seinem atemberaubenden Buch führt Paul Mason durch Schreibstuben, Gefängniszellen, Flugzeugfabriken und an die Orte, an denen sich der Widerstand Bahn bricht. Mason verknüpft das Abstrakte mit dem Konkreten, bündelt die Überlegungen von Autoren wie Thomas Piketty, David Graeber, Jeremy Rifkin und Antonio Negri und zeigt, wie wir aus den Trümmern des Neoliberalismus eine gerechtere und nachhaltigere Gesellschaft errichten können.
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Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Thomas Piketty

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406671322

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 816

View: 6295

Wie entstehen die Akkumulation und die Distribution von Kapital? Welche Dynamiken sind dafür maßgeblich? Fragen der langfristigen Evolution von Ungleichheit, der Konzentration von Wohlstand in wenigen Händen und nach den Chancen für ökonomisches Wachstum bilden den Kern der Politischen Ökonomie. Aber befriedigende Antworten darauf gab es bislang kaum, weil aussagekräftige Daten und eine überzeugende Theorie fehlten. In Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert analysiert Thomas Piketty ein beeindruckendes Datenmaterial aus 20 Ländern, zurückgehend bis ins 18. Jahrhundert, um auf dieser Basis die entscheidenden ökonomischen und sozialen Abläufe freizulegen. Seine Ergebnisse stellen die Debatte auf eine neue Grundlage und definieren zugleich die Agenda für das künftige Nachdenken über Wohlstand und Ungleichheit. Piketty zeigt uns, dass das ökonomische Wachstum in der Moderne und die Verbreitung des Wissens es uns ermöglicht haben, den Ungleichheiten in jenem apokalyptischen Ausmaß zu entgehen, das Karl Marx prophezeit hatte. Aber wir haben die Strukturen von Kapital und Ungleichheit andererseits nicht so tiefgreifend modifiziert, wie es in den prosperierenden Jahrzehnten nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg den Anschein hatte. Der wichtigste Treiber der Ungleichheit – nämlich die Tendenz von Kapitalgewinnen, die Wachstumsrate zu übertreffen – droht heute extreme Ungleichheiten hervorzubringen, die am Ende auch den sozialen Frieden gefährden und unsere demokratischen Werte in Frage stellen. Doch ökonomische Trends sind keine Gottesurteile. Politisches Handeln hat gefährliche Ungleichheiten in der Vergangenheit korrigiert, so Piketty, und kann das auch wieder tun.
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The BRICs and Emerging Economies in Comparative Perspective

Political Economy, Liberalisation and Institutional Change

Author: Uwe Becker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134647034

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 3226

In the past ten to twenty years the global political economy picture has dramatically changed with the emergence of the economies of Brazil, Russia, India and, notably, China (BRICs) as big players and competitors of the advanced economies in the West and Eastern Asia. The book comparatively analyses institutional change in the BRICs. This book examines the BRICs by analysing their institutional development, their main continuities and changes, and their differences. It provides a comparative analysis of the political economies of the BRICs, but also considers South Africa and Turkey. The contributors provide a systematic comparison of the state-economy and the capital-labour relationships and explore whether they liberalized or followed a specific trajectory. The book also addresses debates on the varieties of capitalism and explores whether the emerging economies fit into the dichotomous construction of liberal and coordinated capitalism or whether they require a more differentiated typological approach. Moving away from rigid conceptions and the static classification of political economies as either liberal or coordinated and presenting a more open approach, The BRICs and Emerging Economies in Comparative Perspective will be vital reading for students and scholars of comparative political economy, international relations, capitalism, the BRICs, emerging markets and the role of the state in the economy.
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Comparative Political Economy

Author: Georg Menz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199579989

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 4636

This new and comprehensive volume covering the subfield of comparative political economy provides a detailed overview over its intellectual roots, clarifies its contents, and introduces the readers to key debates while identifying new and exciting avenues for future research. Ideas, interests, and institutions have traditionally been the main focus points of this field, but the volume argues that culture provides an additional and often neglected area, providing the 'glue' that keeps national models of capitalism hanging together. The volume also develops pathways beyond the varieties of capitalism paradigm. Building on a thorough and rigorous review of comparative capitalisms and a synthesis of the research strands that have built the bedrock of this subfield, Comparative Political Economy explores the individual components of national models of capitalism and argues that these elements deserve closer scrutiny. Their permutations have been considerable over the past thirty years, and their study permits valuable insights both empirically and theoretically. The empirical coverage of the book includes chapters covering industrial relations, labour markets, systems of education and training, finance, welfare state, and debt. In the conclusion, research pathways forward are identified and the impact of energy security issues and environmental factors on the study of comparative capitalisms will be assessed.
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