Beyond Communities of Practice

Language Power and Social Context

Author: David Barton,Karin Tusting

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521544924

Category: Education

Page: 243

View: 5359

The concept of 'communities of practice' (Lave and Wenger 1991, Wenger 1998) has become an influential one in education, management, and social sciences in recent years. This book consists of a series of studies by linguists and educational researchers, examining and developing aspects of the concept which have remained relatively unexplored. Framings provided by theories of language-in-use, literacy practices, and discourse extend the concept, bringing to light issues around conflict, power, and the significance of the broader social context which have been overlooked. Chapters assess the relationship between communities of practice and other theories including literacy studies, critical language studies, the ethnography of communication, socio-cultural activity theory, and sociological theories of risk. Domains of empirical research reported include schools, police stations, adult basic education, higher education, and multilingual settings. The book highlights the need to incorporate thinking around language-in-use, power and conflict, and social context into communities of practice.
Release

Learning Architectures in Higher Education

Beyond Communities of Practice

Author: Jonathan Tummons

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474261701

Category: Education

Page: 184

View: 8113

Learning Architectures in Higher Education restores criticality and rigour to the study of communities of practice as a means of understanding learning, acknowledging that this is one of the most influential and widely used theories of learning to emerge during the last 30 years but one that has been misapplied and diluted. Jonathan Tummons explores communities of practice theory, looking at how its focus on learning as apprenticeship can be understood, providing the reader with a conceptual framework for making sense of learning as a social practice as distinct from an individual, psychological process. Tummons looks at how communities of practice theory needs to be reconfigured to take account of the insights provided by other theoretical models and then applies his critically and theoretically reworked perspective to two distinct higher education contexts, providing critical and powerful tools for examining learning and teaching practices.
Release

Beyond Communities of Practice

Theory as Experience

Author: Tom Stehlik,Pam Carden

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781876682880

Category: Electronic books

Page: 277

View: 6030

Communities of practice are groups of people who informally share, develop and process learning, knowledge and practice in whatever situation they are in. They form when like-minded people come together to achieve a goal or find that they have common interests, and often develop into learning communities with transformative consequences for individuals. In this collection authors from around Australia and from Finland investigate communities of practice in a range of diverse situations, including new school teachers, offshore university students, probationary police constables working with mentors, collaboration between scientists, and funeral industry workers learning on the job. In doing so they develop and go beyond the original theory of communities of practice, adding new dimensions of experience such as the importance of power relations, emotions and social identities. The variety of case studies that are illustrated and the analysis and discussion presented will appeal to anyone with an interest in work-based learning, teachers who seek to foster inclusive learning communities, and people who want to learn more about their own communities of practice and how they function.
Release

Communities of Practice

Critical Perspectives

Author: Jason Hughes,Nick Jewson,Lorna Unwin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136234624

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 5193

This benchmark text provides an accessible yet critical introduction to the theory and application of communities of practice and their use in a diverse range of managerial and professional contexts, from education to human resource development. This book charts the development of the idea of communities of practice and explores the key relationship between learning and identity among: newcomers and ‘old timers’ male and female workers the low skilled and the high skilled professionals and managers adults and adolescents. Drawing on international empirical studies and adopting a multi-disciplinary approach, this book is useful reading for all students, researchers, practitioners and policy makers with an interest in work, employment, labour markets, learning, training or education.
Release

Wissensmanagement durch Communities of Practice

Eine empirische Untersuchung von Wissensnetzwerken

Author: Katja Zboralski

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3835095307

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 303

View: 9232

Was sind Communities of Practice (CoPs) und was kennzeichnet CoPs in Unternehmen? Welche Faktoren beeinflussen die Interaktion zwischen den Mitgliedern einer Community? Worauf gründet sich das Potential von CoPs? Welche konkreten Auswirkungen können CoPs haben? Katja Zboralski zeigt, dass CoPs nützliche Instrumente des Wissensmanagements sind. Darüber hinaus verdeutlicht sie die Bedeutung einer aktiven Managementunterstützung sowie des Community-Brokers.
Release

Web-Based Learning Solutions for Communities of Practice: Developing Virtual Environments for Social and Pedagogical Advancement

Developing Virtual Environments for Social and Pedagogical Advancement

Author: Karacapilidis, Nikos

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1605667129

Category: Education

Page: 394

View: 4316

" "This book provides readers with an up-to-date research manual in developing innovative and effective learning systems using web-based technologies"--Provided by publisher.
Release

Communities of Practice in the History of English

Author: Joanna Kopaczyk,Andreas H. Jucker

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027271208

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 291

View: 6074

Languages change and they keep changing as a result of communicative interactions and practices in the context of communities of language users. The articles in this volume showcase a range of such communities and their practices as loci of language change in the history of English. The notion of communities of practice takes its starting point in the work of Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger and refers to groups of people defined both through their membership in a community and through their shared practices. Three types of communities are particularly highlighted: networks of letter writers; groups of scribes and printers; and other groups of professionals, in particular administrators and scientists. In these diverse contexts in England, Scotland, the United States and South Africa, language change is not seen as an abstract process but as a response to the communicative needs and practices of groups of people engaged in interaction.
Release

Literacy

An Introduction to the Ecology of Written Language

Author: David Barton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119485665

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 264

View: 2125

This introduction to the expanding field of literacy studies has been fully revised for the second edition. It explores recent developments and new research that has contributed to our understanding of literacy practices, reflecting on the interdisciplinary growth of the study of reading and writing over the past decade. An introductory textbook on the growing field of literacy studies, fully updated for the new edition Includes new sections detailing recent completed studies of literacy practices, and the use of new technologies Distinguishes between the competing definitions of literacy in contemporary society, and examines the language and learning theories which underpin new views of literacy Now features additional material on cross-cultural perspectives, US-based examples, and information detailing current educational policy.
Release

Lernen als soziale Praxis im Internet

Objektiv hermeneutische Rekonstruktionen aus einem Forum zum Videospiel Pokémon

Author: André Czauderna

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658046619

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 346

View: 3119

​André Czauderna beschäftigt sich mit Lernprozessen im Internet am Beispiel eines Forums zum Videospiel Pokémon. In vier objektiv hermeneutischen Sequenzanalysen rekonstruiert er die Strukturmerkmale, die den Prozess des Lernens – verstanden als soziale Praxis – im Rahmen der untersuchten Threads charakterisieren. Schließlich skizziert er die Grundzüge einer soziologischen Theorie des Lernens in Computerspielinternetforen.​
Release

Communities of Practice

Facilitating Social Learning in Higher Education

Author: Jacquie McDonald,Aileen Cater-Steel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811028796

Category: Education

Page: 622

View: 1289

In this book about communities of practice in the international, higher education sector, the authors articulate the theoretical foundations of communities of practice (CoPs), research into their application in higher education, leadership roles and how CoPs sustain and support professional learning. Research demonstrates that communities of practice build professional and personal links both within and across faculty, student services and administrative and support units. This book describes how community of practice members may be physically co-located and how social media can be used to connect members across geographically diverse locations. It positions higher education communities of practice within the broader community of practice and social learning literature, and articulates the importance of community of practice leadership roles, and the growing focus on the use of social media for community of practice implementation. The multiple perspectives provide higher education leaders, academic and professional staff with the means to establish, or reflect on existing CoPs, by sharing insights and critical reflections on their implementation strategies, practical guidelines and ideas on how community of practice’s theoretical underpinnings can be tailored to the higher education context.
Release

Communities of Practice

Fostering Peer-to-Peer Learning and Informal Knowledge Sharing in the Work Place

Author: Noriko Hara

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354085424X

Category: Computers

Page: 138

View: 5695

1.1 Introduction Each year corporations spend millions of dollars training and educating their - ployees. On average, these corporations spend approximately one thousand dollars 1 per employee each year. As businesses struggle to stay on the cutting-edge and to keep their employees educated and up-to-speed with professional trends as well as ever-changing information needs, it is easy to see why corporations are investing more time and money than ever in their efforts to support their employees’ prof- sional development. During the Industrial Age, companies strove to control natural resources. The more resources they controlled, the greater their competitive edge in the mark- place. Senge (1993) refers to this kind of organization as resource-based. In the Information Age, companies must create, disseminate, and effectively use kno- edge within their organization in order to maintain their market share. Senge - scribes this kind of organization as knowledge-based. Given that knowledge-based organizations willcontinuetobeadrivingforcebehindtheeconomy, itisimperative that corporations support the knowledge and information needs of their workers.
Release

Produktive Differenzen

Eine dynamische Netzwerkanalyse von Innovationsprozessen

Author: Oliver Ibert,Felix C. Müller,Axel Stein

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839426995

Category: Science

Page: 234

View: 6497

Welches sind die produktiven Unterschiede, aus denen kreative Wendungen in Innovationsprozessen hervorgehen? Welche Menschen und Orte treten dabei miteinander in Kontakt? Welchen Einfluss haben die verschiedenen Formen von Nähe und Distanz auf die Ergebnisse gemeinsamen Lernens? Anhand eines Vergleichs von Innovationsbiographien aus der Rechtsberatung und der Biotechnologie werden in diesem Band typische Beziehungskonstellationen herausgearbeitet, in denen neuartige Ideen entstehen und sich durchsetzen. Die dabei eingenommene Forschungsperspektive eröffnet eine neue, dynamische Sichtweise auf die Räumlichkeit von Innovationsprozessen, die einige vermeintliche Gewissheiten aus der Innovations- und Regionalpolitik in ein neues Licht tauchen.
Release

Entwicklung organisationaler Routinen und Kompetenzen

Praxistheoretische Annäherung und empirische Fundierung am Beispiel eines jungen Technologieunternehmens

Author: Alexander Martin

Publisher: Rainer Hampp Verlag

ISBN: 3866189184

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 349

View: 6393

Routinen und Kompetenzen stellen zweifelsfrei zentrale Erklärungskategorien innerhalb der ressourcenorientierten Managementforschung dar. Gleichwohl ist die dynamische Entwicklung organisationaler Routinen und Kompetenzen bisher erst in Ansätzen mit der ihr gebührenden Tiefe und Praxisnähe thematisiert worden. Diese Feststellung nimmt sich die vorliegende Arbeit zum Ausgangpunkt ihrer Überlegungen und entwickelt einen theoretischen Bezugsrahmen, der die Entwicklung organisationaler Routinen - als Fundament organisationaler Kompetenz - näher zu beschreiben und zu verstehen erlaubt. Der theoretische Bezugsrahmen wird im weiteren Verlauf der Arbeit empirisch angewandt. Die vorliegende Einzelfallstudie zeichnet hierbei die Veränderung organisationaler Routinen in einem jungen Technologieunternehmen über einen Zeitraum von knapp drei Jahren nach und gibt einen detaillierten Einblick in die vorgefundenen organisationsinternen Prozesse und Einflussfaktoren, die der Entstehung und Veränderung organisationaler Routinen und Kompetenzen zu Grunde liegen. Das Buch richtet sich an Managementtheoretiker und Praktiker gleichermaßen.
Release

Organizational Innovation Communities

Author: Bastian Bansemir

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3658013028

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 180

View: 6413

Open source, community and crowd innovations have not only drastically changed the way products and services are developed, but also the way we work and live. Yet, organizations of all kinds, may they be small or large, globalized or local, etc., still struggle to effectively adapt to this social, however, technology-enabled trend. This work sheds light on community-based innovation development within organizations, i.e. organizational innovation communities. Three major questions are tackled: How to introduce organizational innovation communities, or how to build communities from scratch? How to manage organizational innovation communities, or can we manage creativity? How to foster employee engagement, or how to turn ordinary employees into innovation hot-spots? Based on qualitative as well as quantitative research methods, the author derives in-depth and surprising insights as well as hands-on recommendations to speed-up, improve, and foster innovation development. ​
Release

Communities of Practice

Learning, Meaning, and Identity

Author: Etienne Wenger

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268370

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 8696

This book presents a theory of learning that starts with the assumption that engagement in social practice is the fundamental process by which we get to know what we know and by which we become who we are. The primary unit of analysis of this process is neither the individual nor social institutions, but the informal 'communities of practice' that people form as they pursue shared enterprises over time. To give a social account of learning, the theory explores in a systematic way the intersection of issues of community, social practice, meaning, and identity. The result is a broad framework for thinking about learning as a process of social participation. This ambitious but thoroughly accessible framework has relevance for the practitioner as well as the theoretician, presented with all the breadth, depth, and rigor necessary to address such a complex and yet profoundly human topic.
Release

Constructing Identities in Online Communities of Practice

A Case Study of Online Learning

Author: Leila Kajee

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039111053

Category: Education

Page: 267

View: 8504

This book is located at the interface of online learning within a context of English language studies and academic literacy and is underpinned, from a critical theoretical perspective, by an understanding of the implications of the digital divide for developing countries worldwide. The work is an exploration of online learning in an undergraduate English language and academic literacy classroom at a university in South Africa, and theorises the need for technology in developing countries as a means of social inclusion. The aim is to explore the extent to which communities of practice are enabled in an online environment, among English non-mother tongue speakers from technologically under-resourced backgrounds. This study examines the extent to which the students participate, negotiate meaning, and construct identities in online spaces. From a sociocultural perspective this book locates learning as a form of interaction and co-participation, and argues that learning occurs within specific contexts, hence the focus on how individuals become members of 'communities of practice'.
Release

Argumentation across Communities of Practice

Multi-disciplinary perspectives

Author: Cornelia Ilie,Giuliana Garzone

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9027265178

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 345

View: 8079

Featuring multidisciplinary and transcultural investigations, this volume showcases state-of-the-art scholarship about the impact of argumentation-based discourses and field-specific argumentation practices in a wide range of communities of practice belonging to the media, social, legal and political spheres. The investigations make use of integrative, wide-ranging theoretical perspectives and empirical research methodologies with a focus on argumentation strategies in real-life environments, both private and public, and in constantly growing virtual environments. This book brings together linguists, argumentation scholars, philosophers and communication specialists who convincingly show how interpersonal and/or intergroup interactions shape, challenge or change the argumentative practices of users, what argumentation skills and strategies become critical and consequential, how argumentative discourse contexts may stimulate or prevent critical reflection and debate, and what are the wider implications at personal, institutional and societal levels. Reaching beyond the boundaries of linguistics and argumentation sciences, this book should be a valuable resource for researchers as well as practitioners in the fields of pragmatic linguistics, argumentation studies, rhetoric, discourse analysis, political sciences and media studies.
Release

Towards Creative Learning Spaces

Re-thinking the Architecture of Post-Compulsory Education

Author: Jos Boys

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136859659

Category: Architecture

Page: 208

View: 870

This book offers new ways of investigating relationships between learning and the spaces in which it takes place. It suggests that we need to understand more about the distinctiveness of teaching and learning in post-compulsory education, and what it is that matters about the design of its spaces. Starting from contemporary educational and architectural theories, it suggests alternative conceptual frameworks and methods that can help map the social and spatial practices of education in universities and colleges; so as to enhance the architecture of post-compulsory education.
Release