Author: George Washington
Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag
View: 2057Als Amerika noch höflich war Was der erste amerikanische Präsident als Dreizehnjähriger schon wusste: Höflichkeit kommt nie aus der Mode. In diesem Fundstück aus dem 18. Jahrhundert kombiniert er auf originelle Weise Benimmratgeber mit philosophischen Lebensweisheiten. Washington, der in jungen Jahren noch mit der Rechtschreibung kämpfte, schrieb über Tischmanieren, das Verhalten im Gespräch und persönliche Charakterpflege. Nicht zuletzt dem einen oder anderen amtierenden Präsidenten würde dieses Buch guttun! »In der Gegenwart anderer sollst du nicht vor dich hin summen, mit den Fingern trommeln oder mit den Füßen den Takt schlagen.« (Nr. 4) »Entledige dich nicht deiner Kleidung, wenn andere dabei sind, und verlasse die Garderobe nicht nur halb bekleidet.« (Nr. 7) »Deine Miene sei angenehm, sollte aber den nötigen Ernst zeigen, wenn es um ernste Dinge geht.« (Nr. 19)
Author: Erving Goffman
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
View: 2332Until recently, to be in a "public place" meant to feel safe. That has changed, especially in cities. Urban dwellers sense the need to quickly react to gestural cues from persons in their immediate presence in order to establish their relationship to each other. Through this communication they hope to detect potential danger before it is too late for self-defense or flight. The ability to read accurately the "informing signs" by which strangers indicate their relationship to one another in public or semi-public places without speaking, has become as important as understanding the official written and spoken language of the country. In Relations in Public, Erving Goff man provides a grammar of the unspoken language used in public places. He shows that the way strangers relate in public is part of a design by which friends and acquaintances manage their relationship in the presence of bystanders. He argues that, taken together, this forms part of a new domain of inquiry into the rules for co-mingling, or public order. Most people give little thought to how elaborate and complex our everyday behavior in public actually is. For example, we adhere to the rules of pedestrian traffic on a busy thoroughfare, accept the usual ways of acting in a crowded elevator or subway car, grasp the delicate nuances of conversational behavior, and respond to the rich vocabulary of body gestures. We behave differently at weddings, at meals, in crowds, in couples, and when alone. Such everyday behavior, though generally below the level of awareness, embodies unspoken codes of social understandings necessary for the orderly conduct of society.
Author: Rowan Wilken,Gerard Goggin
Category: Social Science
View: 3193An international roster of contributors come together in this comprehensive volume to examine the complex interactions between mobile media technologies and issues of place. Balancing philosophical reflection with empirical analysis, this book examines the specific contexts in which place and mobile technologies come into focus, intersect, and interact. Given the far-reaching impact of contemporary mobile technology use – and given the lasting importance of the concept and experiences of place – this book will appeal to a wide range of scholars in media and cultural studies, sociology, and philosophy of technology.
Author: Robert B. Denhardt,Janet V. Denhardt,Maria P. Aristigueta,Kelly C. Rawlings
Publisher: CQ Press
Category: Political Science
View: 2626Managing Human Behavior in Public and Nonprofit Organizations, Fifth Edition is an established core text designed to help you develop your leadership and management skills. Bestselling authors Denhardt, Denhardt, Aristigueta, and Rawlings cover important topics such as stress, decision-making, motivation, leadership, teams, communication, and change. Cases, self-assessment exercises, and numerous examples provide you with the opportunity to apply concepts and theories discussed in the chapter. Focusing exclusively on organizational behavior in both public and nonprofit organizations, this text is a must-read for students in public administration programs. New to the Fifth Edition: Increased attention to issues related to nonprofit organizations helps you develop a better understanding of the differences and similarities in public and nonprofit organizations, as well as the way they interact with one another and with the private sector. Broadened coverage of issues related to ethics and diversity offers you a broader perspective on important issues to consider, such as the examination of implicit and explicit bias, generational differences, and power and privilege. Additional discussions of collaboration, inclusion, and participation, both within the organization and with external constituencies, show you the value rationale for engagement and its practical effects. Revised and updated information on emerging technology illustrates to you how an increasingly digital, connected, and networked environment affects our ability to manage public and nonprofit organizations. New cases, examples, self-assessments, and exercises cover recent developments in research and practice to offer relevant ways for you to practice and improve your management skills.
A Quintessential Social Public Space
Author: Vikas Mehta
View: 1985Received the Environmental Design Research Association's 2014 Place Book Award Shortlisted for the UDG Francis Tibbalds Book Award 2014 Good cities are places of social encounter. Creating public spaces that encourage social behavior in our cities and neighborhoods is an important goal of city design. One of the cardinal roles of the street, as public space, is to provide a setting for sociability. How do we make sociable streets? This book shows us how these ordinary public spaces can be planned and designed to become settings that support an array of social behaviors. Through carefully crafted research, The Street systematically examines people's actions and perceptions, develops a comprehensive typology of social behaviors on the neighborhood commercial street and provides a thorough inquiry into the social dimensions of streets. Vikas Mehta shows that sociability is not a result of the physical environment alone, but is achieved by the relationships between the physical environment, the land uses, their management, and the places to which people assign special meanings. Scholars and students of urban design, planning, architecture, geography and sociology will find the book a stimulating resource. The material is also directly applicable to practice and should be widely read by professional urban designers, planners, architects, and others involved in the design, planning, and implementation of commercial streets.
Essays and Readings on Social Interaction
Author: Jodi O'Brien
Publisher: Pine Forge Press
View: 9589This social psychology reader contains readings from popular literature as well as from peer-reviewed journals and 'framing essays' written by the editors. All articles have been chosen with their readability and appropriateness for an undergraduate audience.
Author: Irwin Altman,Erwin H. Zube
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 1230This tenth volume in the series addresses an important topic of research, de sign, and policy in the environment and behavior field. Public places and spaces include a sweeping array of settings, including urban streets, plazas and squares, malls, parks, and other locales, and natural settings such as aquatic environments, national parks and forests, and wilderness areas. The impor tance of public settings is highlighted by difficult questions of access, control, and management; unique needs and problems of different users (including women, the handicapped, and various ethnic groups); and the dramatic re shaping of our public environments that has occurred and will continue to occur in the foreseeable future. The wide-ranging scope of the topic of public places and spaces demands the attention of many disciplines and researchers, designers, managers, and policymakers. As in previous volumes in the series, the authors in the present volume come from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds, research and design orientations, and affiliations. They have backgrounds in or are affiliated with such fields as architecture, geography, landscape architecture, natural re sources, psychology, sociology, and urban design. Many more disciplines ob viously contribute to our understanding and design of public places and spaces, so that the contributors to this volume reflect only a sample of the possibilities and present state of knowledge about public settings.
Impersonal Sex in Public Places
Author: Laud Humphreys
Category: Social Science
View: 3621From the time of its first publication, 'Tearoom Trade' engendered controversy. It was also accorded an unusual amount of praise for a first book on a marginal, intentionally self-effacing population by a previously unknown sociologist. The book was quickly recognized as an important, imaginative, and useful contribution to our understanding of "deviant" sexual activity. Describing impersonal, anonymous sexual encounters in public restrooms—"tearooms" in the argot—the book explored the behavior of men whose closet homosexuality was kept from their families and neighbors. By posing as an initiate, the author was able to engage in systematic observation of homosexual acts in public settings, and later to develop a more complete picture of those involved by interviewing them in their homes, again without revealing their unwitting participation in his study. This enlarged edition of 'Tearoom Trade' includes the original text, together with a retrospect, written by Nicholas von Hoffman, Irving Louis Horowitz, Lee Rainwater, Donald P. Warwick, and Myron Glazer. The material added includes a perspective on the social scientist at work and the ethical problems to which that work may give rise, along with debate by the book's initial critics and proponents. Humphreys added a postscript and his views on the opinion expressed in the retrospect.
Author: Erving Goffman
Publisher: Campus Verlag
View: 9943Warum verstehen sich Männer und Frauen nicht? In seinem Standardwerk zur Geschlechtersoziologie spürt der Interaktionsforscher Erving Goffman typischen Verhaltensmustern der Geschlechter nach. Wie kommunizieren Männer und Frauen und welche Gewalt haben Rituale über uns? Das Buch ist als Studientext etabliert und bietet zudem viele Ansätze, das eigene Verhalten zu beobachten und zu verändern.
Barack Obama and the Rise and Decline of Black Politics
Author: Fredrick Harris
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Political Science
View: 4215The historical significance of Barack Obama's triumph in the presidential election of 2008 scarcely requires comment. Yet it contains an irony: he won a victory as an African American only by denying that he should discuss issues that target the concerns of African Americans. Obama's very success, writes Fredrick Harris, exacted a heavy cost on black politics. In The Price of the Ticket, Harris puts Obama's career in the context of decades of black activism, showing how his election undermined the very movement that made it possible. The path to his presidency began just before passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act, when black leaders began to discuss strategies to make the most of their new access to the ballot. Some argued that black voters should organize into a cohesive, independent bloc to promote both targeted and universal polices; others urged a more race-neutral approach, working together with other racial minorities as well as like-minded whites. This has been the fundamental divide within black politics ever since. At first, the gap did not seem serious. But the post-civil-rights era has accelerated a shift towards race-neutral politics. Obama made a point of distancing himself from older race-conscious black leaders, such as Jesse Jackson- and leaders of the Congressional Black Caucus-even though, as Harris shows, he owes much to Jackson's earlier campaigns for the White House. Unquestionably Obama's approach won support among whites, but Harris finds the results troublesome. The social problems targeted by an earlier generation of black politicians--racial disparities in income and education, stratospheric incarceration and unemployment rates--all persist, yet Obama's election, ironically, marginalized those issues, keeping them off the political agenda. Meanwhile, the civil-rights movement's militancy to attack the vestiges of racial inequality is fading. Written by one of America's leading scholars of race and politics, The Price of the Ticket will reshape our understanding of the rise of Barack Obama and the decline of a politics dedicated to challenging racial inequality head on.
A New Theory of the Leisure Class
Author: Dean MacCannell
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Category: Social Science
View: 3952Long regarded as a classic, The Tourist is an examination of the phenomenon of tourism through a social theory lens that encompasses discussions of authenticity, high and low culture, and the construction of social reality. It brings the concerns of social science to an analysis of travel and sightseeing in the postindustrial age, during which the middle class acquired leisure time for international travel. This edition includes a new foreword by Lucy R. Lippard and a new afterword by the author. Long regarded as a classic, The Tourist is an examination of the phenomenon of tourism through a social theory lens that encompasses discussions of authenticity, high and low culture, and the construction of social reality. It brings the concerns of social science to an analysis of travel and sightseeing in the postindustrial age, during which the middle class acquired leisure time for international travel. This edition includes a new foreword by Lucy R. Lippard and a new afterword by the author.