Becoming German

The 1709 Palatine Migration to New York

Author: Philip Otterness

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801471168

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 3295

Becoming German tells the intriguing story of the largest and earliest mass movement of German-speaking immigrants to America. The so-called Palatine migration of 1709 began in the western part of the Holy Roman Empire, where perhaps as many as thirty thousand people left their homes, lured by rumors that Britain's Queen Anne would give them free passage overseas and land in America. They journeyed down the Rhine and eventually made their way to London, where they settled in refugee camps. The rumors of free passage and land proved false, but, in an attempt to clear the camps, the British government finally agreed to send about three thousand of the immigrants to New York in exchange for several years of labor. After their arrival, the Palatines refused to work as indentured servants and eventually settled in autonomous German communities near the Iroquois of central New York. Becoming German tracks the Palatines' travels from Germany to London to New York City and into the frontier areas of New York. Philip Otterness demonstrates that the Palatines cannot be viewed as a cohesive "German" group until after their arrival in America; indeed, they came from dozens of distinct principalities in the Holy Roman Empire. It was only in refusing to assimilate to British colonial culture—instead maintaining separate German-speaking communities and mixing on friendly terms with Native American neighbors—that the Palatines became German in America.
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Becoming German

The 1709 Palatine Migration to New York

Author: Philip Otterness

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801473449

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 3905

Becoming German tells the story of the largest and earliest mass movement of German-speaking immigrants to America, the Palatine migration of 1709, tracking their journey from Germany to London to New York City and into the frontier areas of New York.
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Becoming German

The 1709 Palatine Migration to New York

Author: Philip Otterness

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801442469

Category: History

Page: 235

View: 4379

After their arrival, the Palatines refused to work as indentured servants and eventually settled in autonomous German communities near the Iroquois of central New York."--Jacket.
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Early Eighteenth Century Palatine Emigration

A British Government Redemptioner Project to Manufacture Naval Stores

Author: Walter Allen Knittle

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780788419775

Category: History

Page: 342

View: 6394

"First thorough study of the first large German immigration." Appendices list about 12,000 names of Palatines.
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Palatines, Liberty, and Property

German Lutherans in Colonial British America

Author: A. G. Roeber

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780801859687

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 7635

Historians usually look for the origins of American political culture among English-speaking people and British constitutional and legal sources. Yet German immigrants to the colonies also contributed to - and developed for themselves - an American political consciousness. In Palatines, Liberty, and Property A.G. Roeber focuses on this neglected subject and explains why so many Germans, when they faced critical choices in 1776, became active supporters of the patriot cause. Employing a variety of German-language sources, Roeber explores German conceptions of personal and public property in the context of cultural and religious beliefs, village life, and family concerns. He follows all the major German migration streams, beginning with the Palatines in New York and including Germans who settled in Pennsylvania, Virginia, South Carolina, and Georgia. Roeber's study of German-American ideas about liberty and property provides a unique perspective within a growing historiography on the transfer of culture and beliefs from Europe and Africa to America.
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Early Families of Herkimer County, New York

Descendants of the Burnetsfield Palatines

Author: William V. H. Barker

Publisher: Genealogical Publishing Com

ISBN: 0806310782

Category: Reference

Page: 384

View: 652

In 1723 a number of Palatine families were allowed to take up lands in the Mohawk Valley of New York. Those settling in the bounds of the present county of Herkimer were known as the Burnetsfield Patentees, after the name of the grant made by New York Governor William Burnet, and are the subject of this formidable work. This book deals with the families established in the area before the Revolution, and detailed genealogies are given for almost 100 of them.
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The Story of the Palatines

An Episode in Colonial History

Author: Sanford Hoadley Cobb

Publisher: New York : G. P. Putnam's Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category: Palatine Americans

Page: 319

View: 2752

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News from the land of freedom

German immigrants write home

Author: Walter D. Kamphoefner,Wolfgang Johannes Helbich

Publisher: Cornell Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 645

View: 813

Letters written by German immigrants to America discuss life in the new world and share political and religious views
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Citizens in a Strange Land

A Study of German-American Broadsides and Their Meaning for Germans in North America, 1730Ð1830

Author: Hermann Wellenreuther

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271063599

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 4142

In Citizens in a Strange Land, Hermann Wellenreuther examines the broadsides—printed single sheets—produced by the Pennsylvania German community. These broadsides covered topics ranging from local controversies and politics to devotional poems and hymns. Each one is a product of and reaction to a particular historical setting. To understand them fully, Wellenreuther systematically reconstructs Pennsylvania’s print culture, the material conditions of life, the problems German settlers faced, the demands their communities made on the individual settlers, the complications to be overcome, and the needs to be satisfied. He shows how these broadsides provided advice, projections, and comment on phases of life from cradle to grave.
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More Palatine Families

Some Immigrants to the Middle Colonies 1717-1776 and Their European Origins, Plus New Discoveries on German Families who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710

Author: Henry Z. Jones

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780897253949

Category: Palatine Americans

Page: 592

View: 6209

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A Peculiar Mixture

German-Language Cultures and Identities in Eighteenth-Century North America

Author: Jan Stievermann,Oliver Scheiding

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271063010

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 9029

Through innovative interdisciplinary methodologies and fresh avenues of inquiry, the nine essays collected in A Peculiar Mixture endeavor to transform how we understand the bewildering multiplicity and complexity that characterized the experience of German-speaking people in the middle colonies. They explore how the various cultural expressions of German speakers helped them bridge regional, religious, and denominational divides and eventually find a way to partake in America’s emerging national identity. Instead of thinking about early American culture and literature as evolving continuously as a singular entity, the contributions to this volume conceive of it as an ever-shifting and tangled “web of contact zones.” They present a society with a plurality of different native and colonial cultures interacting not only with one another but also with cultures and traditions from outside the colonies, in a “peculiar mixture” of Old World practices and New World influences. Aside from the editors, the contributors are Rosalind J. Beiler, Patrick M. Erben, Cynthia G. Falk, Marie Basile McDaniel, Philip Otterness, Liam Riordan, Matthias Schönhofer, and Marianne S. Wokeck.
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Hopeful Journeys

German Immigration, Settlement, and Political Culture in Colonial America, 1717-1775

Author: Aaron Spencer Fogleman

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812291670

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 6973

In 1700, some 250,000 white and black inhabitants populated the thirteen American colonies, with the vast majority of whites either born in England or descended from English immigrants. By 1776, the non-Native American population had increased tenfold, and non-English Europeans and Africans dominated new immigration. Of all the European immigrant groups, the Germans may have been the largest. Aaron Spencer Fogleman has written the first comprehensive history of this eighteenth-century German settlement of North America. Utilizing a vast body of published and archival sources, many of them never before made accessible outside of Germany, Fogleman emphasizes the importance of German immigration to colonial America, the European context of the Germans' emigration, and the importance of networks to their success in America
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The Atlantic in World History

Author: Karen Ordahl Kupperman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019533809X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 155

View: 5792

Introduction: thinking Atlantically -- Atlantic memories -- Atlantic beginnings -- Atlantic people -- Commodities: foods, drugs, and dyes -- Eighteenth-century realities -- Epilogue: the Atlantic.
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Root & branch

African Americans in New York & east Jersey, 1613-1863

Author: Graham Russell Hodges

Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 413

View: 7170

In this remarkable book, Graham Hodges presents a comprehensive history of African Americans in New York City and its rural environs from the arrival of the first African--a sailor marooned on Manhattan Island in 1613--to the bloody Draft Riots of 1863. Throughout, he explores the intertwined themes of freedom and servitude, city and countryside, and work, religion, and resistance that shaped black life in the region through two and a half centuries. Hodges chronicles the lives of the first free black settlers in the Dutch-ruled city, the gradual slide into enslavement after the British takeover, the fierce era of slavery, and the painfully slow process of emancipation. He pays particular attention to the black religious experience in all its complexity and to the vibrant slave culture that was shaped on the streets and in the taverns. Together, Hodges shows, these two potent forces helped fuel the long and arduous pilgrimage to liberty.
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The Salzburg Transaction

Expulsion and Redemption in Eighteenth-century Germany

Author: Mack Walker

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801427770

Category: Religion

Page: 242

View: 3794

In 1731-32 the archbishopric of Salzburg expelled some 20,000 Protestant farmers from the alpine districts above the city and, upon the invitation of King Frederick William I, they were resettled as colonists in a distant corner of East Prussia. The episode provoked a sharp confessional confrontation that threatened to destroy the delicate political equilibrium of the Holy Roman Empire, but today it is remembered, if at all, as an anachronistic outburst of obscurantism and intolerance unbecoming to the century of Enlightenment, a source of Protestant pride and Catholic discomfort. In this elegant book Mack Walker not only provides the most complete available account of the expulsion but also makes a strikingly original contribution to historical method. He tells the story in five different ways: as an episode in the history of the Salzburg archbishopric, in the history of the Prussian state, in the confessional and constitutional life of the Holy Roman Empire, in the experience of the emigrants themselves, and in the legendry of German (especially Prussian) Protestantism. His unusual narrative method enables him to reveal, as perhaps no previous historian has done, the intricate inner workings of the Holy Roman Empire, where conflicting confessional, dynastic, political, and economic interests were held in constantly shifting balance. The exile of the Salzburg Protestants, Walker shows, satisfied all parties concerned - except possibly the migrants themselves. The Salzburg Transaction will find an appreciative audience among historians of Europe as well as those concerned with problems of religion and society and with the nature of migration.
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