Becoming German

The 1709 Palatine Migration to New York

Author: Philip Otterness

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801471168

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 9933

Becoming German tells the intriguing story of the largest and earliest mass movement of German-speaking immigrants to America. The so-called Palatine migration of 1709 began in the western part of the Holy Roman Empire, where perhaps as many as thirty thousand people left their homes, lured by rumors that Britain's Queen Anne would give them free passage overseas and land in America. They journeyed down the Rhine and eventually made their way to London, where they settled in refugee camps. The rumors of free passage and land proved false, but, in an attempt to clear the camps, the British government finally agreed to send about three thousand of the immigrants to New York in exchange for several years of labor. After their arrival, the Palatines refused to work as indentured servants and eventually settled in autonomous German communities near the Iroquois of central New York. Becoming German tracks the Palatines' travels from Germany to London to New York City and into the frontier areas of New York. Philip Otterness demonstrates that the Palatines cannot be viewed as a cohesive "German" group until after their arrival in America; indeed, they came from dozens of distinct principalities in the Holy Roman Empire. It was only in refusing to assimilate to British colonial culture—instead maintaining separate German-speaking communities and mixing on friendly terms with Native American neighbors—that the Palatines became German in America.
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Handbuch Staat und Migration in Deutschland seit dem 17. Jahrhundert

Author: Jochen Oltmer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110345390

Category: History

Page: 1070

View: 3536

States configure and shape migration processes, channel migratory movements, and categorize migrants. This handbook surveys the genesis of the relationship between state and migration in Germany and examines the changes in ideological and political principles, government-established rules, and administrative decision-making processes that have affected emigration and immigration.
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A Peculiar Mixture

German-Language Cultures and Identities in Eighteenth-Century North America

Author: Jan Stievermann,Oliver Scheiding

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271063010

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 3695

Through innovative interdisciplinary methodologies and fresh avenues of inquiry, the nine essays collected in A Peculiar Mixture endeavor to transform how we understand the bewildering multiplicity and complexity that characterized the experience of German-speaking people in the middle colonies. They explore how the various cultural expressions of German speakers helped them bridge regional, religious, and denominational divides and eventually find a way to partake in America’s emerging national identity. Instead of thinking about early American culture and literature as evolving continuously as a singular entity, the contributions to this volume conceive of it as an ever-shifting and tangled “web of contact zones.” They present a society with a plurality of different native and colonial cultures interacting not only with one another but also with cultures and traditions from outside the colonies, in a “peculiar mixture” of Old World practices and New World influences. Aside from the editors, the contributors are Rosalind J. Beiler, Patrick M. Erben, Cynthia G. Falk, Marie Basile McDaniel, Philip Otterness, Liam Riordan, Matthias Schönhofer, and Marianne S. Wokeck.
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Pastoren aus Halle und ihre Gemeinden in Pennsylvania 1742-1820

Deutsche Lutheraner zwischen Persistenz und Assimilation

Author: Wolfgang Flügel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110620936

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 8563

Das Wirken der vierzehn Pastoren, die von den Franckeschen Stiftungen nach Pennsylvania geschickt worden waren, mündete in der Etablierung einer Kirchenorganisation, die auf Grund der spezifischen Situation Amerikas nicht mehr auf landeskirchliche Strukturen und weltliche Obrigkeiten setzte. Dieser Integrationsprozess der deutschen Lutheraner bildet den Gegenstand des Buches. In der Ambivalenz von Angst vor dem Verlust an kultureller Eigenständigkeit und der Hoffnung auf fortdauernde Existenz der Gemeinden agierten die Hallenser als Mediatoren des Identitätswandels. Wichtige Identitätsmarker waren neben Fragen der Religion auch solche von Sprache und nationaler Zugehörigkeit. Mit merkantilen Argumenten ermunterten sie die Deutschen, Englisch zu lernen. Ebenso sicherten sie die emotionale Koppelung an die neue Heimat, die sie als God's own country stilisierten und deren Geschichte sie kausal mit der lutherischen verknüpften. Die so entstandenen Identitätsverschiebungen manifestieren sich in der Selbstbeschreibung als German Lutherans oder Deutsche Lutheraner. Das Buch zeigt Spielräume einzelner Akteure für Organisationsprozesse in besonderen Bedingungen, verdeutlicht aber auch die damit verbundenen Konflikte des Integrationsprozesses.
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Kindred by Choice

Germans and American Indians since 1800

Author: H. Glenn Penny

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469607654

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 7954

How do we explain the persistent preoccupation with American Indians in Germany and the staggering numbers of Germans one encounters as visitors to Indian country? As H. Glenn Penny demonstrates, that preoccupation is rooted in an affinity for American Indians that has permeated German cultures for two centuries. This affinity stems directly from German polycentrism, notions of tribalism, a devotion to resistance, a longing for freedom, and a melancholy sense of shared fate. Locating the origins of the fascination for Indian life in the transatlantic world of German cultures in the nineteenth century, Penny explores German settler colonialism in the American Midwest, the rise and fall of German America, and the transnational worlds of American Indian performers. As he traces this phenomenon through the twentieth century, Penny engages debates about race, masculinity, comparative genocides, and American Indians' reactions to Germans' interests in them. He also assesses what persists of the affinity across the political ruptures of modern German history and challenges readers to rethink how cultural history is made.
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Aufbruch nach Amerika 1709-2009

300 Jahre Massenauswanderung aus Rheinland-Pfalz : Ausstellung im Theodor-Zink-Museum Kaiserslautern, 30. April bis 2. August 2009, im Museum Alzey, 24. August bis 11. Oktober 2009

Author: Jens Stöcker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 128

View: 3694

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New York History

Quarterly Journal of the New York State Historical Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: New York (State)

Page: N.A

View: 2354

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The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record

Author: Richard Henry Greene,Henry Reed Stiles,Melatiah Everett Dwight,George Austin Morrison,Hopper Striker Mott,Louis Effingham De Forest,John Reynolds Totten,Harold Minot Pitman,Conklin Mann,Charles Andrew Ditmas,Arthur S. Maynard

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: New York (State)

Page: N.A

View: 2403

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"We Shall Not Differ in Heaven"

Marriage, Order and Identity in Eighteenth-century Philadelphia

Author: Marie Basile McDaniel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 648

View: 3983

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Dutch New York

the roots of Hudson Valley culture

Author: Roger G. Panetta

Publisher: Copublished with the Hudson River Museum

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 454

View: 4810

"Published in conjunction with the exhibition Dutch New York: the roots of Hudson Valley culture, organized by the Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, June 13, 2009 through January 10, 2010"--T.p. verso.
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Early Eighteenth Century Palatine Emigration

A British Government Redemptioner Project to Manufacture Naval Stores

Author: Walter Allen Knittle

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780788419775

Category: History

Page: 342

View: 5119

"First thorough study of the first large German immigration." Appendices list about 12,000 names of Palatines.
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