The Complete Story of Codebreaking in World War II
Author: Stephen Budiansky
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
View: 6222A million pages of new World War II codebreaking records have been released by the U.S. Army and Navy and the British government over the last five years. Now, Battle of Wits presents the history of the war that these documents reveal. From the Battle of Midway until the last German code was broken in January 1945, this is an astonishing epic of a war that was won not simply by brute strength but also by reading the enemy's intentions. The revelations of Stephen Budiansky's dramatic history include how Britain tried to manipulate the American codebreakers and monopolize German Enigma code communications; the first detailed published explanations of how the Japanese codes were broken; and how the American codebreaking machines worked to crack the Japanese, the German, and even the Russian diplomatic codes. This is the story of the Allied codebreakers puzzling through the most difficult codebreaking problems that ever existed. At the same time, the compelling narrative shows the crucial effect codebreaking had on the battle-fields by explaining the urgency of stopping the wolf pack U-boat attacks in the North Atlantic, the burning desire in the United States to turn the tide of the war after Pearl Harbor, the importance of halting Rommel's tanks in North Africa, and the necessity of ensuring that the Germans believed the Allies' audacious deception and cover plans for D-Day. Budiansky brings to life the unsung code-breaking heroes of this secret war: Joseph J. Rochefort, an intense and driven naval officer who ran the codebreaking operation in "The Dungeon", a dank basement at Pearl Harbor, that effectively won the Battle of Midway; Alan Turing, the eccentric father of the computerage, whose brilliant electromechanical calculators broke the German Enigma machine; and Ian Fleming, whose daredevil espionage schemes to recover codebooks resembled the plots of the 007 novels he later wrote. Among the villains, we meet the Nazi Admiral Donitz, who led the submarine wolf packs against Allied shipping in the North Atlantic with horrific casualty rates -- until the codebreakers stopped him. Budiansky, a Harvard-trained mathematician, demonstrates the mathematical insight and creativity of the cryptographers by showing step-by-step precisely how the codes were broken. This technology -- the flow of information, its encryption, and the computational methods of recovering it from the enemy -- had never before been so important to the outcome of a war. Informative diagrams, maps, appendices, and photographs show exactly how, why, and where the secret war was won. Unveiled for the first time, the complete story of codebreaking in World War II has now been told.
Author: YAGYA SHARMA
Publisher: Amar Chitra Katha Pvt Ltd
View: 3120He was just seven years old, but Aushadha Kumar already had the wisdom of the Buddha. Unscrupulous courtiers were terrified that he would oust them from positions of power and comfort, and tried every trick to keep him away from their king. But Aushadha was needed at court for the greater happiness of the kingdom. Eventually, nothing and no one could subdue his destiny.
Author: Andreas Hohmann
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
View: 3492Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 2, University of Kassel (Anglistik), course: W. Shakespeare - The Taming of the Shrew, 11 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Shakespeare explores the theme of comic sexual warfare between men and women in The Taming of the Shrew, says Francois Laroque (1997, p. 64). Shakespeare's play consists of a frame tale which introduces two interlinked plots. The frame story deals with a poor tinker, Christopher Sly, who is found drunkenly by a nobleman. This nobleman enjoys to play a joke on the poor tinker's expense making him believe he is a nobleman with all the luxury of servants, a wife, fine food and drink at his command. In this way, Christopher Sly comes into the joy of watching a troupe of players enact a "comedy of courtship and marriage involving two lines of action" on the order of the true nobleman. The first line of action is concerned with Katherine, the elder sister of the Minola siblings, who "is 'tamed' by a strong-willed, fortune-seeking suitor named Petruchio" (Howard, J.E., 1997, p. 133). The second, however, deals with Bianca Minola, the younger daughter of Baptista Minola, the father of the two. She is wooed by three different adoring suitors at a time and "eventually elopes with one of them without her father's knowledge or consent." (Ibid). Catherine Bates (2002, p. 108), however, regards The Taming of the Shrew as being a brisk comedy which is laid on to entertain the drunken Christopher Sly. Edward Berry (2002, pp. 123-138), nevertheless, sees Katherine being the shrew who is "mocked, abused, and tormented into submission by Petruchio (Ibid, p. 124). Edward Berry also states that "the play in which Katherine is tamed is a play within a play, performed at the request of a hunting lord, who uses it to show the beggar, Christopher Sly, how grand it is to live his kind of life"(Ibid, p. 132).
Author: Carina Plücker
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Category: Literary Criticism
View: 6244Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Anglistik - Literatur, Note: 1,7, Universität Kassel, Veranstaltung: William Shakespeare`s Much Ado About Nothing, 11 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Much Ado About Nothing is one of Shakespeare’s early tragic comedies. Written in 1598/99, the play was published in quartos only one year later. In this paper I will tackle a very much-discussed issue, that critics still cannot unanimously agree on. The contrast plot in Much Ado is elaborated in such detail and is thematically so important to the play’s effect on readers and spectators, that the question arises, whether the said-to-be subplot probably functions as the secret main plot in the play. In chapter one, I will start outlining the most important aspects of the context, that the Benedick-Beatrice plot is embedded into. Additionally, I will characterise the two devotees Benedick and Beatrice as a first step to learn more about their behaviour, their thinking and their importance to the plot. The characterisation will only focus on relevant facts, which contribute to the analysis of their witty battles. Chapter 2 deals with the contributions of both Benedick and Beatrice, which they take in their merry war. With the help of text passages, important parts of their witty battles will be analysed. Furthermore, quotations of literary critics committed to the play will be used to examine the motives of both competitors. Finally, the third chapter will be concerned with the central question of this paper. Asking whether Benedick and Beatrice’s battle of wits can be taken as the main plot of Much Ado About Nothing, this section studies the standpoints of various critics As Much Ado About Nothing was written as a play to be performed, and is also read as a literary work, I will facilitate speaking about its addressees. Whenever I mention “readers”, both “readers” at home and “spectators” in the theatre are thought of. [...]
The Making of India's Forward Policy 1961-1962
View: 5758The story of how great dreams turned into bitter estrangement - of how Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehre enthustiastically hailed Indians and Chinese as brothers in 1958, but decided that India should start to exert mild military pressure on China only three years later
A New History of the Second World War
Author: Andrew Roberts
Publisher: Penguin UK
View: 7192On 2 August 1944, in the wake of the complete destruction of the German Army Group Centre in Belorussia, Winston Churchill mocked Adolf Hitler in the House of Commons by the rank he had reached in the First World War. 'Russian success has been somewhat aided by the strategy of Herr Hitler, of Corporal Hitler,' Churchill jibed. 'Even military idiots find it difficult not to see some faults in his actions.' Andrew Roberts's previous book Masters and Commanders studied the creation of Allied grand strategy; Beating Corporal Hitler now analyses how Axis strategy evolved. Examining the Second World War on every front, Roberts asks whether, with a different decision-making process and a different strategy, the Axis might even have won. Were those German generals who blamed everything on Hitler after the war correct, or were they merely scapegoating their former Führer once he was safely beyond defending himself? In researching this uniquely vivid history of the Second World War Roberts has walked many of the key battlefield and wartime sites of Russia, France, Italy, Germany and the Far East. The book is full of illuminating sidelights on the principle actors that bring their characters and the ways in which they reached decisions into fresh focus.
A Go Approach to Mastering China's Strategic Concept, Shi
Author: David Lai
Publisher: Strategic Studies Institute
View: 9410To help with the process of identifying those new and untested strategic concepts that merit further examination, the Strategic Studies Institute is publishing a special series called "Advancing Strategic Thought." This provides a venue--a safe haven--for creative, innovative, and experimental thinking about national security policy and military strategy. In this monograph, the author uses the ancient game of Go as a metaphor for the Chinese approach to strategy. He shows that this is very different than the linear method that underlies American strategy. By better understanding Go, he argues, American strategies could better understand Chinese strategy.
Author: William Shakespeare,John Seely
View: 3836Much Ado About Nothing is a brand new edition in our Heinemann Shakespeare series. Opening up Shakespeare to all KS3 and GCSE students this new edition includes: accessible notes and summaries to ensure students understand and are excited by Shakespeare unsurpassed preparation for the KS3 Tests - offering supported and varied scene by scene activities structured around Character, Language, Performance and Theme holistic activities focus both on the play as a whole and on comparisons within the play to sharpen student learning at both KS3 and GCSE
MAKING SENSE OF THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF GLOBAL SOURCING
Author: Bobby Varanasi
Category: Business & Economics
View: 4089Outsourcing has evoked innumerable emotions globally, spanning the spectrum of excitement to consternation. From job losses and cheap labor to cost savings and innovation, services globalization seems to have delivered on the promise. Or has it really? Sustained pursuit of collaborative models and global service supply chains seems to have furthered the goal of capitalism, a bandwagon endorsed by corporations and (of late) emerging nation governments as well. The promise of jobs is too alluring to reject; the rhetoric of commoditization too onerous to deny; technological advances too pervasive to dismiss; shifts in economic well-being too potent to ignore. Consequently such pursuits have seemingly put sustainable development on a collision course with economic growth. How has sourcing contributed to this? How could sourcing models enable nations create sustained socio-economic value? Do commercial pursuits have room to co-exist with social well-being? This book is one humble attempt at deciphering this complex maze.
Author: Dennis Wheatley
Publisher: A&C Black
View: 8570'Before there was James Bond, there was Gregory Sallust.' Tina Rosenberg, Salon.com Traitors' Gate is the seventh in Dennis Wheatley's bestselling Gregory Sallust series featuring the debonair spy Gregory Sallust, a forerunner to Ian Fleming's James Bond. In the summer of 1942, Hungary was not yet embroiled in the war so when secret agent Gregory Sallust is sent to Budapest on a mission, he is able to live once more in a pre-war atmosphere of love and laughter. But wars of the heart know no rules, so when his mission gets him involved with von Ribbentrop's beautiful Hungarian mistress, the laughter is silenced by fear as he desperately struggles to save them both in this complex and action packed adventure.
Author: Donald M. Nicol
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
View: 9082The Byzantine empire in the last two centuries of its existence had to rebuild itself after its conquest and dismemberment by the Fourth Crusade in 1204. Its emperors in exile recovered Constantinople in 1261 and this book narrates their empire's struggles for survival from that date until its final conquest by Ottoman Turks in 1453. First published in 1972, the book has been completely revised to take account of recent scholarship. It remains the best synthesis of the political, ecclesiastical and historical events of the period.
An Inspector Cauldron Classic Crime Novel [The Mildew Gang, Book Two]
Author: S. Fowler Wright
Publisher: Wildside Press LLC
View: 7809Cornelius Mildew, the notorious international drug dealer introduced in The Mildew Gang, returns for another bout with Scotland Yard. The King of Crime is alive and well, and vowing to take his revenge on anyone who stands in his way. Can Inspector Cauldron stop his nefarious schemes? The second volume in the Mildew Gang Trilogy.
Author: Michael Anthony Cillo
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
View: 7300The Sound Of Fear follows a pathway of the unthinkable. Is life as we know it truly a myth of hopeful expectation? The book, spread over a decade of time, entrances you with the love of a couple and their love of family, entwines you around the mysteries of the subconscious mind, enthralls you with depths of fear ignited by often heart-rendering episodes and embraces your simple need for pulling the bed covers over your eyes! Weak, strong, dirty, and heroic characters help you relate to human frailties. Inconceivable terror strikes you at times to find your core’s fear triggers. Take a deep breath as necessary! The simple fact is fear manifests deeply in all humans. Some hide the emotion with intrinsic capabilities of denial. Others blink and run on impulse! The storyline drifts around an alien tone. Subtle at times, you feel compelled to understand any life-form’s survival needs. But, the brutality of reality puts you back on the “home Team”, routing for the survival of the fittest! The Sound Of Fear experience finds you reminiscing those times when you looked into the wind-blown bushes at dusk to see the imaginary shadows or when you thought twice about going into the dark open waters of that expansive pond, lake or ocean. The book’s simple text finds you remembering the possibilities of how and why people cold be placed in situations just like one’s you’d heard about or had experienced. Within the chapters, you will relate to the characters’ sometimes reckless, sometimes concise, sometimes giddy, sometimes compassionate decisions or emotions. The book is purposefully designed to make you feel like you know what’s going to happen next…it at least gives you that “feeling” of control…or does it? Let your fear be your guide!
Author: Dennis Wheatley
Publisher: Wordsworth Editions
View: 9394Why did the solitary girl leave her rented house on the French Riviera only for short walks at night? Why was she so frightened? Why did animals shrink away from her? The girl herself didn't know, and was certainly not aware of the terrible appointment which had been made for her long ago and was now drawing close. Molly Fountain, the tough-minded Englishwoman living next door, was determined to find the answer. She sent for a wartime secret service colleague to come and help. What they discovered was horrifying beyond anything they could have imagined.Dennis Wheatley returned in this book to his black magic theme which he had made so much his own with his famous best seller The Devil Rides Out. In the cumulative shock of its revelations, the use of arcane knowledge, the mounting suspense and acceleration to a fearful climax, he out-does even that earlier achievement. This is, by any standards, a terrific story.
Author: Michael Palmer
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
View: 2738They kill without conscience or remorse. They are the most ruthless enemy we have ever faced. And they are one millionth our size...Prepare to be shocked-and mesmerized-by Resistant, the latest novel of thrilling medical suspense from New York Times bestselling author Michael Palmer. When Dr. Lou Welcome fills in last minute for his boss at a national conference in Atlanta he brings along his best friend, Cap Duncan. But an accident turns tragic when Cap injures his leg while running. Surgeons manage to save the leg, but the open wound is the perfect breeding ground for a deadly microbial invader committed to eating Cap alive from the inside out. Meanwhile, hundreds of miles away, a teenaged girl is fighting for her life against the same bacteria. The germ is resistant to any known antibiotic and the government scientist tasked with finding a cure has been kidnapped. Turning to the Centers for Disease Control for help, Lou Welcome uncovers a link to a shadowy group known as One Hundred Neighbors that has infiltrated our society and is using our health institutions as hostages. Like the deadly germs they can unleash, One Hundred Neighbors will stop at nothing to further their agenda. From the hospital corridors where anything you touch can mean your end, to the top corridors of power in this race against time, Lou must stop an epidemic, save his best friend, and face even his own most terrifying demons. From the New York Times bestselling author comes another heart stopping thriller that will make you look at the world around you in a new and frightening way. "When you open the pages of a Michael Palmer novel, you know you are in the hands of a pro." -The Huffington Post