Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development

Author: Benjamin Blass

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012411525X

Category: Medical

Page: 580

View: 5052

Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development presents the multifaceted process of identifying a new drug in the modern era, providing comprehensive explanations of enabling technologies such as high throughput screening, structure based drug design, molecular modeling, pharmaceutical profiling, and translational medicine, all areas that have become critical steps in the successful development of marketable therapeutics. The text introduces the fundamental principles of drug discovery and development, also discussing important drug targets by class, in vitro screening methods, medicinal chemistry strategies in drug design, principles in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, animal models of disease states, clinical trial basics, and selected business aspects of the drug discovery process. It is designed to enable new scientists to rapidly understand the key fundamentals of drug discovery, including pharmacokinetics, toxicology, and intellectual property." Provides a clear explanation of how the pharmaceutical industry works Explains the complete drug discovery process, from obtaining a lead, to testing the bioactivity, to producing the drug, and protecting the intellectual propertyIdeal for anyone interested in learning about the drug discovery process and those contemplating careers in the industry Explains the transition process from academia or other industries
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General and Molecular Pharmacology

Principles of Drug Action

Author: Francesco Clementi,Guido Fumagalli

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111876868X

Category: Medical

Page: 786

View: 8313

With a focus on functional relationships between drugs and theirtargets, this book covers basic and general pharmacology, from acellular and molecular perspective, with particular attention to the mechanisms of drug action – the fundamental basis forproper clinical use- without neglecting clinical application,toxicology and pharmacokinetics. • Covers cell and molecular pharmacology,bringing together current research on regulation of drug targets,at a level appropriate for advanced undergrad and graduatestudents • Discusses the relevance ofpharmacokinetics and drug development for the clinical applicationof drugs • Presents material from the perspective ofdrug targets and interaction, the theoretical basis of drug actionanalysis, and drug properties • Focuses on structure-functionrelationships of drug targets – informing about theirbiochemical and physiologic functions and experimental and clinicalpathways for drug discovery and development • Has a companion website that offers ahost of resources: short additional chapters about methodology,topics at the forefront of research, all figures and tables fromthe book, and Power Point slides
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Smith and Williams' Introduction to the Principles of Drug Design and Action

Author: H. John Smith,Hywel Williams

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203304150

Category: Medical

Page: 720

View: 8247

Advances in knowledge and technology have revolutionized the process of drug development, making it possible to design drugs for a given target or disease. Building on the foundation laid by the previous three editions, Smith and Williams’ Introduction to the Principles of Drug Design and Action, Fourth Edition includes the latest information on topics such as gene therapy, computer-aided design, and molecular techniques including proteomics. Using real-world examples that illustrate the principles of drug design, the author explores the discovery of lead compounds and their manipulation in the production of non-toxic, metabolically stable drug candidates that will interact with target receptors in a predicted fashion. See what’s new in the Fourth Edition: Fully updates and expands the contents Coverage of agonists and antagonists of neuro-transmitters Information on the design of stable peptide-like drugs The human genome and its impact on drug discovery and development Advances in therapy and pharmacokinetics Adopting a from-the-bench-to-the-marketplace approach, the book provides a thorough grounding in rational drug design. It emphasizes principles and elucidates a framework for basic drug design into which current and, more importantly, future drugs will fit.
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Pharmacokinetics in Drug Discovery and Development

Author: Ronald D. Schoenwald

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420010085

Category: Medical

Page: 440

View: 7605

Pharmacokinetics has evolved from its origin into a complex discipline with numerous subspecialties and applications in patient management, drug development, and regulatory issues. This expansion has made it difficult for any one individual to become a full-fledged expert in all areas. Fulfilling the need for a wide-ranging guide to the many existing subspecialties in this field, Pharmacokinetics in Drug Discovery and Development details the different areas in the field providing the ideal comprehensive, quick access text and reference. After an introduction of basic principles, the book is divided into sections that cover industrial and regulatory applications, clinical applications, and research applications. The following sections cover such topics as PK/PD approaches, clinical pharmacokinetic monitoring, population pharmacokinetics, linear systems approaches, and more. Fourteen authors, each an expert in his/her area of expertise, provide an extensive background into the subspeciality with emphasis on the section's theme. Covering the many sub-disciplines and providing pharmacokinetic concepts, terminology, and approaches, Pharmacokinetics in Drug Discovery and Development serves as a resource for professionals throughout this field.
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Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development

Theory and Case Studies

Author: C. Robin Ganellin,Roy Jefferis,Stanley M. Roberts

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123977703

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 9319

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development provides, for the first time, an introduction to the science behind successful pharmaceutical research and development programs. The book explains basic principles, then compares and contrasts approaches to both biopharmaceuticals (proteins) and small molecule drugs, presenting an overview of the business and management issues of these approaches. The latter part of the book provides carefully selected real-life case studies illustrating how the theory presented in the first part of the book is actually put into practice. Studies include Herceptin/T-DM1, erythropoietin (Epogen/Eprex/NeoRecormon), anti-HIV protease inhibitor Darunavir, and more. Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development is intended for late-stage undergraduates or postgraduates studying chemistry (at the biology interface), biochemistry, medicine, pharmacy, medicine, or allied subjects. The book is also useful in a wide variety of science degree courses, in post-graduate taught material (Masters and PhD), and as basic background reading for scientists in the pharmaceutical industry. For the first time, the fundamental scientific principles of biopharmaceuticals and small molecule chemotherapeutics are discussed side-by-side at a basic level Edited by three senior scientists with over 100 years of experience in drug research who have compiled the best scientific comparison of small molecule and biopharmaceuticals approaches to new drugs Illustrated with key examples of important drugs that exemplify the basic principles of pharmaceutical drug research and development
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Principles of Clinical Pharmacology

Author: Arthur J. Atkinson, Jr.,Darrell R. Abernethy,Charles E. Daniels,Robert Dedrick,Sanford P. Markey

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080466422

Category: Medical

Page: 568

View: 6257

This revised second edition covers the pharmacologic principles underlying the individualization of patient therapy and contemporary drug development, focusing on the fundamentals that underlie the clinical use and contemporary development of pharmaceuticals. Authors drawn from academia, the pharmaceutical industry and government agencies cover the spectrum of material, including pharmacokinetic practice questions, covered by the basic science section of the certifying examination offered by the American Board of Clinical Pharmacology. This unique reference is recommended by the Board as a study text and includes modules on drug discovery and development to assist students as well as practicing pharmacologists. * Unique breadth of coverage ranging from drug discovery and development to individualization and quality assessment of drug therapy. * Unusual cohesive of presentation that stems from author participation in an ongoing popular NIH course. * Instructive linkage of pharmacokinetic theory and applications with provision of sample problems for self-study. * Wide-ranging perspective of authors drawn from the ranks of Federal agencies, academia and the pharmaceutical industry. * Expanded coverage of pharmacogenetics * Expanded coverage of drug transporters and their role in interactions * Inclusion of new material on enzyme induction mechanisms in chapters on drug metabolism and drug interactions * A new chapter on drug discovery that focuses on oncologic agents * Inclusion of therapeutic antibodies in chapter on biotechnology products
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Drug Discovery and Development, Volume 2

Drug Development

Author: Mukund S. Chorghade

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470085219

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 8776

From first principles to real-world applications-here is the first comprehensive guide to drug discovery and development Modern drug discovery and development require the collaborative efforts of specialists in a broadarray of scientific, technical, and business disciplines-from biochemistry to molecular biology, organic chemistry to medicinal chemistry, pharmacology to marketing. Yet surprisingly, until now, there were no authoritative references offering a complete, fully integrated picture of the process. The only comprehensive guide of its kind, this groundbreaking two-volume resource provides an overview of the entire sequence of operations involved in drug discovery and develop-?ment-from initial conceptualization to commercialization to clinicians and medical practitioners. Volume 1: Drug Discovery describes all the steps in the discovery process, including conceptualizing a drug, creating a library of candidates for testing, screening candidates for in vitro and in vivo activity, conducting and analyzing the results of clinical trials, and modifying a drug as necessary. Volume 2: Drug Development delves into the nitty-gritty details of optimizing the synthetic route, drug manufacturing, outsourcing, and marketing-including drug coloring and delivery methods. Featuring contributions from a world-class team of experts, Drug Discovery and Development: Features fascinating case studies, including the discovery and development of erythromycin analogs, Tagamet, and Ultiva (remifentanil) Discusses the discovery of medications for bacterial infections, Parkinson's disease, psoriasis, peptic ulcers, atopic dermatitis, asthma, and cancer Includes chapters on combinatorial chemistry, molecular biology-based drug discovery, genomics, and chemogenomics Drug Discovery and Development is an indispensable working resource for industrial chemists, biologists, biochemists, and executives who work in the pharmaceutical industry.
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Cancer Drug Design and Discovery

Author: Stephen Neidle

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123972280

Category: Medical

Page: 640

View: 7869

Cancer Drug Design and Discovery, Second Edition is an important reference on the underlying principles for the design and subsequent development of new anticancer small molecule agents. New chapters have been added to this edition on areas of particular interest and therapeutic promise, including cancer genomics and personalized medicine, DNA-targeted agents and more. This book includes several sections on the basic and applied science of cancer drug discovery and features those drugs that are now approved for human use and are in the marketplace, as well as those that are still under development. By highlighting some of the general principles involved in taking molecules through basic science to clinical development, this book offers a complete and authoritative reference on the design and discovery of anticancer drugs for translational scientists and clinicians involved in cancer research. Provides a clinical perspective on the development of new molecularly targeted anticancer agents with the latest and most promising chemotherapeutic approaches Offers a broad view of where the field is going, what tools drug discovery is using to produce new agents and how they are evaluated in the laboratory and clinic Features 6 new chapters devoted to advances in technology and successful anticancer therapies, such as cancer genomics and personalized medicine, DNA-targeted agents, B-Raf inhibitors and more Each chapter includes extensive references to the primary and review literature, as well as to relevant web-based sources
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A Handbook of Bioanalysis and Drug Metabolism

Author: Gary Evans

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203642535

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 3620

Recent years have seen a greater industrial emphasis in undergraduate and postgraduate courses in the pharmaceutical and chemical sciences. However, textbooks have been slow to adapt, leaving the field without a text/reference that is both instructional and practical in the industrial setting – until now. A Handbook of Bioanalysis and Drug Metabolismis a stimulating new text that examines the techniques, methodology, and theory of bioanalysis, pharmacokinetics, and metabolism from the perspective of scientists with extensive professional experience in drug discovery and development. These three areas of research help drug developers to optimize the active component within potential drugs thereby increasing their effectiveness, and to provide safety and efficacy information required by regulators when granting a drug license. Professionals with extensive experience in drug discovery and development as well as specialized knowledge of the individual topics contributed to each chapter to create a current and well-credentialed text. It covers topics such as high performance liquid chromatography, protein binding, pharmacokinetics and drug–drug interactions. The unique industrial perspective helps to reinforce theory and develop valuable analytical and interpreting skills. This text is an invaluable guide to students in courses such as pharmaceutical science, pharmacology, chemistry, physiology and toxicology, as well as professionals in the biotechnology industry.
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Flow Cytometry in Drug Discovery and Development

Author: Virginia Litwin,Philip Marder

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470922788

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 4307

This book covers the unique application of flow cytometry in drug discovery and development. The first section includes two introductory chapters, one on flow cytometry and one on biomarkers, as well as a chapter on recent advances in flow cytometry. The second section focuses on the unique challenges and added benefits associated with the use of flow cytometry in the drug development process. The third section contains a single chapter presenting an in depth discussion of validation considerations and regulatory compliance issues associated with drug development.
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Lysosomes

Biology, Diseases, and Therapeutics

Author: Frederick R. Maxfield,James M. Willard,Shuyan Lu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118978307

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 1038

Discussing recent findings, up-to-date research, and novel strategies, the book integrates perspectives from pharmacology, toxicology, and biochemistry to illustrate the potential of lysosomes in drug discovery and development. • Explores basic principles and properties of lysosomes that allow them to act as regulators of cell metabolism, therapeutic targets, and sites for activation of drug conjugates • Discusses the role of lysosomes in metabolism, drug targeting, apoptosis, cancer, aging, inflammation, autophagy, metabolism, toxicity, and membrane repair • Introduces new pathways in therapeutic development and new mechanisms in drug development
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Mass Spectrometry in Drug Metabolism and Disposition

Basic Principles and Applications

Author: Mike S. Lee,Mingshe Zhu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470934692

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 1002

This book examines the background, industrial context, process, analytical methodology, and technology of metabolite identification. It emphasizes the applications of metabolite identification in drug research. While primarily a textbook, the book also functions as a comprehensive reference to those in the industry. The authors have worked closely together and combine complementary backgrounds to bring technical and cultural awareness to this very important endeavor while serving to address needs within academia and industry It also contains a variety of problem sets following specific sections in the text.
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Medical Product Regulatory Affairs

Pharmaceuticals, Diagnostics, Medical Devices

Author: John J. Tobin,Gary Walsh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527644717

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 8471

Written in a clear and concise style by an experienced author, this attractively-priced book covers regulatory affairs in all major global markets for pharmaceuticals and medical devices, making it the most comprehensive in its field. Following a look at drug development, complete sections are devoted to national and EU regulatory issues, manufacturing license application and retention, and regulation in the USA. Other topics dealt with include CDER, CBER and marketing and manufacturing licenses, the ICH process and Good Laboratory/Clinical/Manufacturing Practices. Everything pharmacologists, bioengineers, pharma engineers, students in pharmacy and those working in the pharmaceutical industry need to know about medical regulatory affairs.
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Molecular Imaging

Basic Principles and Applications in Biomedical Research

Author: Markus Rudin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1783263172

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 620

View: 3489

The area of molecular imaging has matured over the past decade and is still growing rapidly. Many concepts developed for molecular biology and cellular imaging have been successfully translated to in vivo imaging of intact organisms. Molecular imaging enables the study of processes at a molecular level in their full biological context. Due to the high specificity of the molecular readouts the approach bears a high potential for diagnostics. It is fair to say that molecular imaging has become an indispensable tool for biomedical research and drug discovery and development today. This volume familiarizes the reader with the concepts of imaging and molecular imaging in particular. Basic principles of imaging technologies, reporter moieties for the various imaging modalities, and the design of targeted probes are described in the first part. The second part illustrates how these tools can be used to visualize relevant molecular events in the living organism. Topics covered include the studies of the biodistribution of reporter probes and drugs, visualization of the expression of biomolecules such as receptors and enzymes, and how imaging can be used for analyzing consequences of the interaction of a ligand or a drug with its molecular target by visualizing signal transduction, or assessing the metabolic, physiological, or structural response of the organism studied. The final chapter deals with visualization of cell migration, for example in the context of cell therapies. The second edition covers novel developments over recent years, in particular regarding imaging technologies (hybrid techniques) and novel reporter concepts. Novel biomedical applications have been included, where appropriate. All the chapters have been thoroughly reworked and the artwork updated. Contents:IntroductionMethodologies:Imaging TechniquesMolecular Reporter Systems, Design of Molecular Imaging ProbesApplications:Drug ImagingImaging Gene ExpressionImaging the Function of Gene ProductsMonitoring of Cell MigrationAppendices Readership: Academics (medicine, pharmacology, biomedical technology) and industry (pharmaceutical, diagnostic, biomedical technology). Keywords:Molecular Imaging;Magnetic Resonance Imaging;Positron-Emission Tomogrpahy;Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging;Bioluminescence Imaging;Ultrasound Imaging;Drug Biodistribution and Pharmacokinetics
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Drug Discovery and Development - E-Book

Technology in Transition

Author: Raymond G Hill

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702053163

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 5013

The modern pharmacopeia has enormous power to alleviate disease, and owes its existence almost entirely to the work of the pharmaceutical industry. This book provides an introduction to the way the industry goes about the discovery and development of new drugs. The first part gives a brief historical account from its origins in the mediaeval apothecaries’ trade, and discusses the changing understanding of what we mean by disease, and what therapy aims to achieve, as well as summarising case histories of the discovery and development of some important drugs. The second part focuses on the science and technology involved in the discovery process: the stages by which a promising new chemical entity is identified, from the starting point of a medical need and an idea for addressing it. A chapter on biopharmaceuticals, whose discovery and development tend to follow routes somewhat different from synthetic compounds, is included here, as well as accounts of patent issues that arise in the discovery phase, and a chapter on research management in this environment. The third section of the book deals with drug development: the work that has to be undertaken to turn the drug candidate that emerges from the discovery process into a product on the market. The definitive introduction to how a pharmaceutical company goes about its business of discovering and developing drugs. The second edition has a new editor: Professor Raymond Hill ● non-executive director of Addex Pharmaceuticals, Covagen and of Orexo AB ● Visiting Industrial Professor of Pharmacology in the University of Bristol ● Visiting Professor in the School of Medical and Health Sciences at the University of Surrey ● Visiting Professor in Physiology and Pharmacology at the University of Strathclyde ● President and Chair of the Council of the British Pharmacological Society ● member of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and the Advisory Council on Misuse of Drugs. New to this edition: Completely rewritten chapter on The Role of Medicinal Chemistry in the Drug Discovery Process. New topic - DMPK Optimization Strategy in drug discovery. New chapter on Scaffolds: Small globular proteins as antibody substitutes. Totally updated chapters on Intellectual Property and Marketing 50 new illustrations in full colour Features Accessible, general guide to pharmaceutical research and development. Examines the interfaces between cost and social benefit, quality control and mass production, regulatory bodies, patent management, and all interdisciplinary intersections essential to effective drug development. Written by a strong team of scientists with long experience in the pharmaceutical industry. Solid overview of all the steps from lab bench to market in an easy-to-understand way which will be accessible to non-specialists. From customer reviews of the previous edition: ‘... it will have everything you need to know on this module. Deeply referenced and, thus, deeply reliable. Highly Commended in the medicine category of the BMA 2006 medical book competition Winner of the Royal Society of Medicine Library Prize for Medical Book of the Year
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Principles of Antineoplastic Drug Development and Pharmacology

Author: Richard L. Schilsky,Gérard A. Milano,Mark J. Ratain

Publisher: Marcel Dekker

ISBN: 9780824793142

Category: Medical

Page: 760

View: 571

Reviews the principles of drug development and clinical pharmacology applicable to all classes of anticancer drugs. Covers every aspect of drug development--from drug discovery to approval and routine use. Details how the successful application of pharmacological principles can improve drug delivery, individualized dosing, and the circumvention of drug resistance; elucideates proven strategies for widening the therapeutic margin between antitumor effects and severe toxicity; and more.
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Computational Systems Pharmacology and Toxicology

Author: Rudy J Richardson,Dale E Johnson

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782623329

Category: Medical

Page: 347

View: 7467

The network approaches of systems pharmacology and toxicology serve as early predictors of the most relevant screening approach to pursue both in drug discovery and development and ecotoxicological assessments. Computational approaches have the potential to improve toxicological experimental design, enable more rapid drug efficacy and safety testing and also reduce the number of animals used in experimentation. Rapid advances in availability of computing technology hold tremendous promise for advancing applied and basic science and increasing the efficiency of risk assessment. This book provides an understanding of the basic principles of computational toxicology and the current methods of predictive toxicology using chemical structures, toxicity-related databases, in silico chemical-protein docking, and biological pathway tools. The book begins with an introduction to systems pharmacology and toxicology and computational tools followed by a section exploring modelling adverse outcomes and events. The second part of the book covers the discovery of protein targets and the characterisation of toxicant-protein interactions. Final chapters include case studies and additionally discuss interactions between phytochemicals and Western therapeutics. This book will be useful for scientists involved in environmental research and risk assessment. It will be a valuable resource for postgraduate students and researchers wishing to learn about key methods used in studying biological targets both from a toxicity and pharmacological activity standpoint.
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Antisense Drug Technology

Principles, Strategies, and Applications, Second Edition

Author: Stanley T. Crooke

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849387957

Category: Medical

Page: 848

View: 6495

Extensively revised and updated, Antisense Drug Technology: Principles, Strategies, and Applications, Second Edition reflects the logarithmic progress made in the past four years of oligonucleotide-based therapies, and, in particular, antisense therapeutics and research. Interpreting lessons learned from the clinical trials of first generation drugs, the book evaluates the technology as a whole and offers new directions and avenues of research and development. Divided into five parts, the book begins with a thorough introduction to the mechanism of antisense drug action including the RNase H mechanism, small RNA silencing pathways, and the potential therapeutics of splice switching oligonucleotides. Leading researchers demonstrate the basics of oligonucleotide therapeutics in part two by delineating medicinal chemistry, pharmacokinetics, and delivery routes such as liposomal formulations for nucleic acid delivery. Part three details hybridization based drugs and considers the dramatic advances represented by 2’ methoxyethyl chimeric antisense inhibitors and duplex RNA drugs. Other chemical classes of drugs and mechanisms of action are described in part four with further discussions on improving the second generation antisense drugs. The final part delves deeply into therapeutic applications. Contributing authors examine the potential of antisense drugs for the alleviation of cardiovascular diseases, metabolic diseases, inflammatory diseases, cancer, neurological disorders, and immune modulation. Presenting a highly detailed, lucid discussion of the remarkable advances in the field, Antisense Drug Technology: Principles, Strategies, and Applications, Second Edition provides the platform for researchers to continue to aggressively pursue the great opportunity represented by this exciting technology.
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Drug Discovery

From Bedside to Wall Street

Author: Tamas Bartfai,Graham V. Lees

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080919235

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 9145

Everyone expects something from the drug industry. Physicians and patients, investors, regulators and administrators all have an active interest. Everyone wants to know what makes drugs ‘work’ medically and economically. Why are drugs so expensive? Is it the drug companies or investors who demand high profits? What governs the pharmacoeconomics? Why are so few diseases treatable? This book opens the windows and doors of the industry telling the story of drug development by using real stories from inside the process. * Co-written by Graham Lees and Tamas Bartfai who has been involved in the development of drugs taken by more that 20 million people every day * Opens the windows and doors of the most regulated industry in the world, the pharmaceutical industry * Tells the story of drug development by using real examples based on current research and events * Provides an objective, lucid account of the successes and failures, shortcomings and constraints of the pharmaceutical and biotech industries * Gives insights into the development of new drugs to combat multiple conditions including cancer and pain * Balanced, unbiased account of how better to translate basic science into drug discovery
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