The Fundamentals of Atomic and Molecular Physics

Author: Robert L Brooks

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461466784

Category: Science

Page: 179

View: 1161

The Fundamentals of Atomic and Molecular Physics is intended as an introduction to the field for advanced undergraduates who have taken quantum mechanics. Each chapter builds upon the previous, using the same tools and methods throughout. As the students progress through the book, their ability to use these tools will steadily increase, along with their confidence in their efficacy. The book treats the two-electron atom as the simplest example of the many-electron atom—as opposed to using techniques that are not applicable to many-electron atoms—so that it is unnecessary to develop additional equations when turning to multielectron atoms, such as carbon. External fields are treated using both perturbation theory and direct diagonalization and spontaneous emission is developed from first principles. Only diatomic molecules are considered with the hydrogen molecular ion and neutral molecule treated in some detail. This comprehensive coverage of the quantum mechanics of complex atoms and simple diatomic molecules, developed from the very basic components, is extremely useful for students considering graduate studies in any area of physics.

Ultracold Bosonic and Fermionic Gases

Author: Kathy Levin,Alexander Fetter,Dan Stamper-Kurn

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444538623

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 9032

The rapidly developing topic of ultracold atoms has many actual and potential applications for condensed-matter science, and the contributions to this book emphasize these connections. Ultracold Bose and Fermi quantum gases are introduced at a level appropriate for first-year graduate students and non-specialists such as more mature general physicists. The reader will find answers to questions like: how are experiments conducted and how are the results interpreted? What are the advantages and limitations of ultracold atoms in studying many-body physics? How do experiments on ultracold atoms facilitate novel scientific opportunities relevant to the condensed-matted community? This volume seeks to be comprehensible rather than comprehensive; it aims at the level of a colloquium, accessible to outside readers, containing only minimal equations and limited references. In large part, it relies on many beautiful experiments from the past fifteen years and their very fruitful interplay with basic theoretical ideas. In this particular context, phenomena most relevant to condensed-matter science have been emphasized. Introduces ultracold Bose and Fermi quantum gases at a level appropriate for non-specialists Discusses landmark experiments and their fruitful interplay with basic theoretical ideas Comprehensible rather than comprehensive, containing only minimal equations

Physics of Atoms and Molecules

Author: B. H. Bransden,Charles Jean Joachain,Theodor J Plivier

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780582356924

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1114

View: 7842

The study of atomic and molecular physics is a key component of undergraduate courses in physics, because of its fundamental importance to the understanding of many aspects of modern physics. The aim of this new edition is to provide a unified account of the subject within an undergraduate framework, taking the opportunity to make improvements based on the teaching experience of users of the first edition, and cover important new developments in the subject." " " " "Key features of this new edition: " " " Revised material on molecular structure and spectra Extended material on electronic and atomic collisions A new chapterdescribing applications based on the use of the maser and the laser, including laser spectroscopy, laser cooling and trapping of atoms, Bose-Einstein condensation, atom lasers and atomic systems in intense laser fields A new chapter describing other applications, including magnetic resonance, atom optics, atoms in cavities, ions in traps, atomic clocks and astrophysics Revised appendices include new material on molecules and updated tables of physical constants Solutions of selected problems B.H. Bransden isEmeritus Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Durham. C.J. Joachain is Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Brussels. They areco-authors of "Quantum Mechanics, "also published by Prentice Hall. "

Atoms and Molecules

Author: Mitchel Weissbluth

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 032314294X

Category: Science

Page: 730

View: 6522

Atoms and Molecules describes the basic properties of atoms and molecules in terms of group theoretical methods in atomic and molecular physics. The book reviews mathematical concepts related to angular momentum properties, finite and continuous rotation groups, tensor operators, the Wigner-Eckart theorem, vector fields, and vector spherical harmonics. The text also explains quantum mechanics, including symmetry considerations, second quantization, density matrices, time-dependent, and time-independent approximation methods. The book explains atomic structure, particularly the Dirac equation in which its nonrelativistic approximation provides the basis for the derivation of the Hamiltonians for all important interactions, such as spin-orbit, external fields, hyperfine. Along with multielectron atoms, the text discusses multiplet theory, the Hartree-Fock formulation, as well as the electromagnetic radiation fields, their interactions with atoms in first and higher orders. The book explores molecules and complexes, including the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, molecular orbitals, the self-consistent field method, electronic states, vibrational and rotational states, molecular spectra, and the ligand field theory. The book can prove useful for graduate or advanced students and academicians in the field of general and applied physics.

A Course in Mathematical Physics 3

Quantum Mechanics of Atoms and Molecules

Author: Walter Thirring

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3709175232

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 354

In this third volume of A Course in Mathematical Physics I have attempted not simply to introduce axioms and derive quantum mechanics from them, but also to progress to relevant applications. Reading the axiomatic litera ture often gives one the impression that it largely consists of making refined axioms, thereby freeing physics from any trace of down-to-earth residue and cutting it off from simpler ways of thinking. The goal pursued here, however, is to come up with concrete results that can be compared with experimental facts. Everything else should be regarded only as a side issue, and has been chosen for pragmatic reasons. It is precisely with this in mind that I feel it appropriate to draw upon the most modern mathematical methods. Only by their means can the logical fabric of quantum theory be woven with a smooth structure; in their absence, rough spots would . inevitably appear, especially in the theory of unbounded operators, where the details are too intricate to be comprehended easily. Great care has been taken to build up this mathematical weaponry as completely as possible, as it is also the basic arsenal of the next volume. This means that many proofs have been tucked away in the exercises. My greatest concern was to replace the ordinary cal culations of uncertain accuracy with better ones having error bounds, in order to raise the crude manners of theoretical physics to the more cultivated level of experimental physics.

The Physics of Atoms and Quanta

Introduction to Experiments and Theory ; with ... 173 Problems and Solutions

Author: Hermann Haken,Hermann P. J. Haken,Hans Christoph Wolf

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540672746

Category: Science

Page: 503

View: 6553

The Physics of Atoms and Quanta is a thorough introduction to experiments and theory in this field. Every classical and modern aspect is covered and discussed in detail. The sixth edition includes new developments, as well as new experiments in quantum entanglement, Schrodingers cat, the quantum computer, quantum information, the atom laser, and much more. A wealth of experiments and problems are included. As this reference ends with the fundamentals of classical bonding, it leads into the authors' more advanced book Molecular Physics and Elements of Quantum Chemistry.

Constituents of Matter

Atoms, Molecules, Nuclei, and Particles

Author: Wilhelm Raith,Thomas Mulvey

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849312021

Category: Science

Page: 902

View: 7704

Originally published as part of the renowned Bergmann-Schaefer textbook series on experimental physics, this volume fills an important void by providing a thorough treatment of the basic: atoms, molecules, nuclei, and particles. Written by experimentalists, it forms a unique compendium of our practical knowledge of the basic elements While keeping all of the rigor necessary for a clean treatment, the authors go beyond theory and describe major experimental results that give readers a clear view of the practical side of nature.

The Physics of Atoms and Quanta

Introduction to Experiments and Theory

Author: Hermann Haken,Hans Christoph Wolf

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540292810

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 9649

The highly positive affirmation and wide reception that this book continues to receive from professors and students ahke is the occasion for this 7th edition. Once again we have included a number of valuable suggestions for improvements, which we address as appropriate. In addition, we refer to a number of developments in atomic physics. Of these new developments in regard to exotic atoms, we mention antihydrogen in par ticular, because fundamental experiments in matter and antimatter can be expected in the future. Furthermore, we have inserted a chapter on the behaviour of atoms in strong elec trical fields. Experiments with corresponding lasers could only recently be realized. We thank our Jenaer colleague, R. Sauerbrey, for his contribution of this chapter. We have also included a new chapter on the behaviour of the hydrogen atom in strong magnetic fields. The results are of profound interest for two very different fields of physics: on the one hand, according to classical physics, one expects chaotic behaviour from Rydberg atoms in magnetic fields that can be created in the laborato ry; thus, an association can be drawn to aspects of chaos theory and the problems of quantum chaos. On the other hand, the very strong fields necessary for low quantum numbers are realized in the cosmos, in particular with white dwarfs and neutron stars.

The Physics of Multiply and Highly Charged Ions

Volume 2: Interactions with Matter

Author: F.J. Currell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402015823

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 8575

Highly charged ions are the most chemically reactive species known to mankind. This reactivity is due to the extremely large potential energy they posses. This textbook deals with the wide range of interactions which occur when such ions interact with other forms of matter, especially solid surfaces and gasses. Particular emphasis is placed on situations where the kinetic energy associated with the interactions is small so that the effects of the high potential energy are most apparent. Experimental and theoretical techniques of investigation are covered in addition to the findings they produce. The treatment aims to be instructive to the beginner while leading on to a level where the newest findings are reviewed. As such the text is suitable for final year undergraduates, postgraduates or experienced researchers.

Astronomical Spectroscopy

An Introduction to the Atomic and Molecular Physics of Astronomical Spectra

Author: Jonathan Tennyson

Publisher: Imperial College Press

ISBN: 1860945139

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 7175

- No directly equivalent book available - Presents a complete introduction (based on a successful lecture course) on the atomic and molecular physics necessary to understand the spectroscopy of astronomical objects - Can be used as the course book for an advanced undergraduate/postgraduate course, or as an introduction for people studying research level astrophysics

Atom, Molecule, and Cluster Beams I

Basic Theory, Production and Detection of Thermal Energy Beams

Author: Hans Pauly

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540669456

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 7167

A consistent, up-to-date description of the extremely manifold and varied experimental techniques which nowadays enable work with neutral particles. Th book lays the physical foundations of the various experimental techniques, which utilize methods from most fields in physics.

Atom- und Quantenphysik

Eine Einführung in die experimentellen und theoretischen Grundlagen

Author: H. Haken,H.C. Wolf

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642965555

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3205


Feynman's Lost Lecture

The Motion of Planets Around the Sun

Author: David L. Goodstein,Judith R. Goodstein

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393319958

Category: Science

Page: 191

View: 4053

The text and a sound recording of one of Feynman's lectures, is accompanied by a discussion of the lecture and a brief remembrance of the influential physicist.

Physics in a New Era

An Overview

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Physics Survey Overview Committee

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309073421

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 1659

Physics at the beginning of the twenty-first century has reached new levels of accomplishment and impact in a society and nation that are changing rapidly. Accomplishments have led us into the information age and fueled broad technological and economic development. The pace of discovery is quickening and stronger links with other fields such as the biological sciences are being developed. The intellectual reach has never been greater, and the questions being asked are more ambitious than ever before. Physics in a New Era is the final report of the NRC’s six-volume decadal physics survey. The book reviews the frontiers of physics research, examines the role of physics in our society, and makes recommendations designed to strengthen physics and its ability to serve important needs such as national security, the economy, information technology, and education.

Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics: Atoms and Molecules

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080860183

Category: Science

Page: 435

View: 6914

Combined with the other two volumes, this text is a comprehensive treatment of the key experimental methods of atomic, molecular, and optical physics, as well as an excellent experimental handbook for the field. Thewide availability of tunable lasers in the past several years has revolutionized the field and lead to the introduction of many new experimental methods that are covered in these volumes. Traditional methods are also included to ensure that the volumes will be a complete reference source for the field.

Introduction to the Physics of Matter

Basic atomic, molecular, and solid-state physics

Author: Nicola Manini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319143824

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 9932

This book offers an up-to-date, compact presentation of basic topics in the physics of matter, from atoms to molecules to solids, including elements of statistical mechanics. The adiabatic separation of the motion of electrons and nuclei in matter and its spectroscopic implications are outlined for molecules and recalled regularly in the study of the dynamics of gases and solids. Numerous experiments are described and more than 160 figures give a clear visual impression of the main concepts. Sufficient detail of mathematical derivations is provided to enable students to follow easily. The focus is on present-day understanding and especially on phenomena fitting various independent-particle models. The historical development of this understanding, and phenomena such as magnetism and superconductivity, where interparticle interactions and nonadiabatic effects play a crucial role, are mostly omitted. A final outlook section stimulates the curiosity of the reader to pursue the study of such advanced topics in graduate courses.

Theoretical Chemistry and Physics of Heavy and Superheavy Elements

Author: U. Kaldor,Stephen Wilson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402013713

Category: Science

Page: 565

View: 6188

Quantum mechanics provides the fundamental theoretical apparatus for describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules in terms of the behaviour of their fundamental components, electrons and nudeL For heavy atoms and molecules containing them, the electrons can move at speeds which represent a substantial fraction of the speed of light, and thus relativity must be taken into account. Relativistic quantum mechanics therefore provides the basic formalism for calculating the properties of heavy-atom systems. The purpose of this book is to provide a detailed description of the application of relativistic quantum mechanics to the many-body prob lem in the theoretical chemistry and physics of heavy and superheavy elements. Recent years have witnessed a continued and growing interest in relativistic quantum chemical methods and the associated computa tional algorithms which facilitate their application. This interest is fu elled by the need to develop robust, yet efficient theoretical approaches, together with efficient algorithms, which can be applied to atoms in the lower part of the Periodic Table and, more particularly, molecules and molecular entities containing such atoms. Such relativistic theories and computational algorithms are an essential ingredient for the description of heavy element chemistry, becoming even more important in the case of superheavy elements. They are destined to become an indispensable tool in the quantum chemist's armoury. Indeed, since relativity influences the structure of every atom in the Periodic Table, relativistic molecular structure methods may replace in many applications the non-relativistic techniques widely used in contemporary research.

Atoms, Molecules and Photons

An Introduction to Atomic- Molecular- and Quantum Physics

Author: Wolfgang Demtröder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540323465

Category: Science

Page: 573

View: 2557

This introduction to Atomic and Molecular Physics explains how our present model of atoms and molecules has been developed during the last two centuries by many experimental discoveries and from the theoretical side by the introduction of quantum physics to the adequate description of micro-particles. It illustrates the wave model of particles by many examples and shows the limits of classical description. The interaction of electromagnetic radiation with atoms and molecules and its potential for spectroscopy is outlined in more detail and in particular lasers as modern spectroscopic tools are discussed more thoroughly. Many examples and problems with solutions should induce the reader to an intense active cooperation.

Review of Fundamental Processes and Applications of Atoms and Ions

Author: C. D. Lin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810215378

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 4507

This book reviews the major progress made in the fields of atomic, molecular and optical physics in the last decade. It contains eleven chapters in which contributors have highlighted the major accomplishments made in a given subfield. Each chapter is not a comprehensive review, but rather a succinct survey of the most interesting developments achieved in recent years. This book contains information on many AMO subfields and can be used as a textbook for graduate students interested in entering AMO physics. It may also serve researchers who wish to familiarize themselves with other AMO subfields.