The Fundamentals of Atomic and Molecular Physics

Author: Robert L Brooks

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461466784

Category: Science

Page: 179

View: 648

The Fundamentals of Atomic and Molecular Physics is intended as an introduction to the field for advanced undergraduates who have taken quantum mechanics. Each chapter builds upon the previous, using the same tools and methods throughout. As the students progress through the book, their ability to use these tools will steadily increase, along with their confidence in their efficacy. The book treats the two-electron atom as the simplest example of the many-electron atom—as opposed to using techniques that are not applicable to many-electron atoms—so that it is unnecessary to develop additional equations when turning to multielectron atoms, such as carbon. External fields are treated using both perturbation theory and direct diagonalization and spontaneous emission is developed from first principles. Only diatomic molecules are considered with the hydrogen molecular ion and neutral molecule treated in some detail. This comprehensive coverage of the quantum mechanics of complex atoms and simple diatomic molecules, developed from the very basic components, is extremely useful for students considering graduate studies in any area of physics.

Atom- und Quantenphysik

Eine Einführung in die experimentellen und theoretischen Grundlagen

Author: H. Haken,H.C. Wolf

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 364296740X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9608


Introduction to the Physics of Matter

Basic atomic, molecular, and solid-state physics

Author: Nicola Manini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319143824

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 2592

This book offers an up-to-date, compact presentation of basic topics in the physics of matter, from atoms to molecules to solids, including elements of statistical mechanics. The adiabatic separation of the motion of electrons and nuclei in matter and its spectroscopic implications are outlined for molecules and recalled regularly in the study of the dynamics of gases and solids. Numerous experiments are described and more than 160 figures give a clear visual impression of the main concepts. Sufficient detail of mathematical derivations is provided to enable students to follow easily. The focus is on present-day understanding and especially on phenomena fitting various independent-particle models. The historical development of this understanding, and phenomena such as magnetism and superconductivity, where interparticle interactions and nonadiabatic effects play a crucial role, are mostly omitted. A final outlook section stimulates the curiosity of the reader to pursue the study of such advanced topics in graduate courses.

Ultracold Bosonic and Fermionic Gases

Author: Kathy Levin,Alexander Fetter,Dan Stamper-Kurn

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444538623

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 4480

The rapidly developing topic of ultracold atoms has many actual and potential applications for condensed-matter science, and the contributions to this book emphasize these connections. Ultracold Bose and Fermi quantum gases are introduced at a level appropriate for first-year graduate students and non-specialists such as more mature general physicists. The reader will find answers to questions like: how are experiments conducted and how are the results interpreted? What are the advantages and limitations of ultracold atoms in studying many-body physics? How do experiments on ultracold atoms facilitate novel scientific opportunities relevant to the condensed-matted community? This volume seeks to be comprehensible rather than comprehensive; it aims at the level of a colloquium, accessible to outside readers, containing only minimal equations and limited references. In large part, it relies on many beautiful experiments from the past fifteen years and their very fruitful interplay with basic theoretical ideas. In this particular context, phenomena most relevant to condensed-matter science have been emphasized. Introduces ultracold Bose and Fermi quantum gases at a level appropriate for non-specialists Discusses landmark experiments and their fruitful interplay with basic theoretical ideas Comprehensible rather than comprehensive, containing only minimal equations

Atom, Molecule, and Cluster Beams I

Basic Theory, Production and Detection of Thermal Energy Beams

Author: Hans Pauly

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540669456

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 3943

A consistent, up-to-date description of the extremely manifold and varied experimental techniques which nowadays enable work with neutral particles. Th book lays the physical foundations of the various experimental techniques, which utilize methods from most fields in physics.

Atoms, Molecules and Photons

An Introduction to Atomic- Molecular- and Quantum Physics

Author: Wolfgang Demtröder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540323465

Category: Science

Page: 573

View: 2898

This introduction to Atomic and Molecular Physics explains how our present model of atoms and molecules has been developed during the last two centuries by many experimental discoveries and from the theoretical side by the introduction of quantum physics to the adequate description of micro-particles. It illustrates the wave model of particles by many examples and shows the limits of classical description. The interaction of electromagnetic radiation with atoms and molecules and its potential for spectroscopy is outlined in more detail and in particular lasers as modern spectroscopic tools are discussed more thoroughly. Many examples and problems with solutions should induce the reader to an intense active cooperation.

Physics of Atoms and Molecules

Author: B. H. Bransden,Charles Jean Joachain,Theodor J Plivier

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780582356924

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1114

View: 2117

The study of atomic and molecular physics is a key component of undergraduate courses in physics, because of its fundamental importance to the understanding of many aspects of modern physics. The aim of this new edition is to provide a unified account of the subject within an undergraduate framework, taking the opportunity to make improvements based on the teaching experience of users of the first edition, and cover important new developments in the subject." " " " "Key features of this new edition: " " " Revised material on molecular structure and spectra Extended material on electronic and atomic collisions A new chapterdescribing applications based on the use of the maser and the laser, including laser spectroscopy, laser cooling and trapping of atoms, Bose-Einstein condensation, atom lasers and atomic systems in intense laser fields A new chapter describing other applications, including magnetic resonance, atom optics, atoms in cavities, ions in traps, atomic clocks and astrophysics Revised appendices include new material on molecules and updated tables of physical constants Solutions of selected problems B.H. Bransden isEmeritus Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Durham. C.J. Joachain is Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Brussels. They areco-authors of "Quantum Mechanics, "also published by Prentice Hall. "

Constituents of Matter

Atoms, Molecules, Nuclei, and Particles

Author: Wilhelm Raith,Thomas Mulvey

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849312021

Category: Science

Page: 902

View: 7096

Originally published as part of the renowned Bergmann-Schaefer textbook series on experimental physics, this volume fills an important void by providing a thorough treatment of the basic: atoms, molecules, nuclei, and particles. Written by experimentalists, it forms a unique compendium of our practical knowledge of the basic elements While keeping all of the rigor necessary for a clean treatment, the authors go beyond theory and describe major experimental results that give readers a clear view of the practical side of nature.

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy

Basic Aspects and Practical Applications

Author: Sune Svanberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642185207

Category: Science

Page: 580

View: 2003

A wide-ranging review of modern spectroscopic techniques such as X-ray, photoelectron, optical and laser spectroscopy, and radiofrequency and microwave techniques. On the fundamental side the book focuses on physical principles and the impact of spectroscopy on our understanding of the building blocks of matter, while in the area of applications particular attention is given to those in chemical analysis, photochemistry, surface characterisation, environmental and medical diagnostics, remote sensing and astrophyscis. The Fourth Edition also provides the reader with an update on laser cooling and trapping, Bose-Einstein condensation, ultra-fast spectroscopy, high-power laser/matter interaction, satellite-based astronomy and spectroscopic aspects of laser medicine.

Lehrbuch der Mathematischen Physik

Band 3: Quantenmechanik von Atomen und Molekülen

Author: Walter Thirring

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3709166462

Category: Science

Page: 293

View: 1282

In der Quantentheorie werden Observable durch Operatoren im Hilbert-Raum dargestellt. Der dafür geeignete mathematische Rahmen sind die Cx - Algebren, welche Matrizen und komplexe Funktionen verallgemeinern. Allerdings benötigt man in der Physik auch unbeschränkte Operatoren, deren Problematik eigens untersucht werden muß. Dementsprechend werden zunächst mathematische Fragen studiert und dann die Methoden auf atomare Systeme angewandt. Obgleich man außer dem Wasserstoffatom kaum explizit lösbare Probleme findet, lassen sich nicht nur allgemeine qualitative Fragen, etwa bezüglich des Energiespektrums und Streuverhaltens, beantworten, sondern auch quantitativ kann man auch für kompliziertere Systeme für meßbare Größen Schranken teils befriedigender Genauigkeit finden. Inhaltsverzeichnis: Einleitung: Die Struktur der Quantentheorie; Größenordnungen atomarer Systeme.- Die mathematische Formulierung der Quantenmechanik: Lineare Räume; Algebren; Darstellungen im Hilbertraum; Einparametrige Gruppen; Unbeschränkte Operatoren und quadratische Formen.- Quantendynamik: Das Weyl-System; Der Drehimpuls; Die Zeitentwicklung; Der Limes t ; Störungstheorie; Stationäre Streutheorie.- Atomare Systeme: Das Wasserstoffatom; Das H-Atom in äußeren Feldern; Heliumartige Atome; Streuung am einfachen Atom; Komplexe Atome; Kernbewegung und einfache Moleküle.

The Physics of Electronic and Atomic Collisions: XXI International Conference

Sendai, Japan, July 22-27, 1999

Author: Yukikazu Itikawa,Kazuhiko Okuno,Hiroshi Tanaka,Akira Yagishita,Michio Matsuzawa

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: 9781563967771

Category: Science

Page: 740

View: 5366

The International Conference on the Physics of Electronic and Atomic Collisions (ICPEAC) is the largest of the international conferences dealing with two-body dynamic interactions between photons, electrons, positrons, atoms, molecules, ions and clusters. These subjects are of fundamental importance in quantum physics and chemistry. They are also basic elementary processes in the fields of astrophysics, atmospheric science, gaseous electronics, plasma processing, nuclear fusion science and radiation physics and chemistry. This book includes all invited talks which cover fundamental physics (the nano-kelvin physics of Bose-Einstein condensation in atomic gases) to practical applications (ion beam treatment of cancer).


Theoretische Grundlagen und experimentelle Methoden

Author: Wolfgang Demtröder

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3486714899

Category: Science

Page: 487

View: 1476

Die wichtigsten Aspekte der Grundlagen zwei- und mehratomiger Moleküle und ihrer Spektren werden umfassend und leicht verständlich dargestellt. Die Einführung elementarer Begriffe der Gruppentheorie und ihrer Bedeutung für die Molekülphysik ermöglicht eine elegante Beschreibung mehratomiger Moleküle und ihrer Symmetrien.

The Physics of Multiply and Highly Charged Ions

Volume 2: Interactions with Matter

Author: F.J. Currell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402015823

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 2764

Highly charged ions are the most chemically reactive species known to mankind. This reactivity is due to the extremely large potential energy they posses. This textbook deals with the wide range of interactions which occur when such ions interact with other forms of matter, especially solid surfaces and gasses. Particular emphasis is placed on situations where the kinetic energy associated with the interactions is small so that the effects of the high potential energy are most apparent. Experimental and theoretical techniques of investigation are covered in addition to the findings they produce. The treatment aims to be instructive to the beginner while leading on to a level where the newest findings are reviewed. As such the text is suitable for final year undergraduates, postgraduates or experienced researchers.

Springer Handbook of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

Author: Gordon W. F. Drake

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038726308X

Category: Science

Page: 1504

View: 8992

Comprises a comprehensive reference source that unifies the entire fields of atomic molecular and optical (AMO) physics, assembling the principal ideas, techniques and results of the field. 92 chapters written by about 120 authors present the principal ideas, techniques and results of the field, together with a guide to the primary research literature (carefully edited to ensure a uniform coverage and style, with extensive cross-references). Along with a summary of key ideas, techniques, and results, many chapters offer diagrams of apparatus, graphs, and tables of data. From atomic spectroscopy to applications in comets, one finds contributions from over 100 authors, all leaders in their respective disciplines. Substantially updated and expanded since the original 1996 edition, it now contains several entirely new chapters covering current areas of great research interest that barely existed in 1996, such as Bose-Einstein condensation, quantum information, and cosmological variations of the fundamental constants. A fully-searchable CD- ROM version of the contents accompanies the handbook.

Physics of Ionized Gases

Author: Boris M. Smirnov

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471175940

Category: Science

Page: 381

View: 8853

A comprehensive textbook and reference for the study of the physics of ionized gases The intent of this book is to provide deep physical insight into the behavior of gases containing atoms and molecules from which one or more electrons have been ionized. The study of these so-called plasmas begins with an overview of plasmas as they are found in nature and created in the laboratory. This serves as a prelude to a comprehensive study of plasmas, beginning with low temperature and "ideal" plasmas and extending to radiation and particle transport phenomena, the response of plasmas to external fields, and an insightful treatment of plasma waves, plasma instabilities, nonlinear phenomena in plasmas, and the study of plasma interactions with surfaces. In all cases, the emphasis is on a clear and unified understanding of the basic physics that underlies all plasma phenomena. Thus, there are chapters on plasma behavior from the viewpoint of atomic and molecular physics, as well as on the macroscopic phenomena involved in physical kinetics of plasmas and the transport of radiation and of charged particles within plasmas. With this grounding in the fundamental physics of plasmas, the notoriously difficult subjects of nonlinear phenomena and of instabilities in plasmas are then treated with comprehensive clarity.

Thermal Processes Using Attosecond Laser Pulses

When Time Matters

Author: Miroslaw Kozlowski,Janina Marciak-Kozlowska

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0387302344

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 1149

This book is based on the results of our interest in the ?eld of ultrashort laser pulses interaction with matter. The aim of our monograph was to build the balanced description of the thermal transport phenomena generated by laser pulses shorter than the characteristic relaxation time. In the book we explore the matter on the quark, nuclear as well atomic scales. Also on the cosmic scale (Planck Era) the thermal disturbance shorter than the Planck time creates the new picture of the Universe. The mathematics, especially PDE, are the main tool in the description of the ultrashort thermal phenomena. Two types of the PDE: parabolic and hyperbolic partial di?erential equations are of special interest in the study of the thermal processes. We assume a moderate knowledge of basic Fourier and d’Alembert eq- tions. The scope of the book is deliberately limited to the background of the quantum mechanics equations: Schr ̈ odinger and Klein-Gordon. In this book the attosecond laser pulses are the main source of the dist- bance of the thermal state of the matter. Recently, the attosecond laser pulses constitute a novel tool for probing processes taking place on the time scale of electron motion inside atoms. The research presented in this book appears to provide the basic tools and concepts for attosecond thermal dynamics. Nevertheless much research is still needed to make this emerging ?eld routinely applicable for a broad range of processes on atomic and subatomic scales.

Density-Functional Theory of Atoms and Molecules

Author: Robert G. Parr,Yang Weitao

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195357738

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 1038

This book is a rigorous, unified account of the fundamental principles of the density-functional theory of the electronic structure of matter and its applications to atoms and molecules. Containing a detailed discussion of the chemical potential and its derivatives, it provides an understanding of the concepts of electronegativity, hardness and softness, and chemical reactivity. Both the Hohenberg-Kohn-Sham and the Levy-Lieb derivations of the basic theorems are presented, and extensive references to the literature are included. Two introductory chapters and several appendices provide all the background material necessary beyond a knowledge of elementary quantum theory. The book is intended for physicists, chemists, and advanced students in chemistry.

The Physics of Lyotropic Liquid Crystals

Phase Transitions and Structural Properties

Author: Antônio M. Figueiredo Neto,Silvio R. A. Salinas

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191523489

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 7139

This book gives a comprehensive description of the physical properties of lyotropic liquid crystals. Structural features, phase transitions and phase diagrams are discussed in detail. The available experimental data on lyotropic mixtures is presented in the unifying context of the Landau theories. This phenomenological approach is used for establishing connections between structural properties and phase diagrams. The book is suitable for use as a pedagogical introduction to the subject.