Reconstruction of Wave-Particle Duality and its Implications for General Chemistry Textbooks

Author: Mansoor Niaz,Cecilia Marcano

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400743963

Category: Science

Page: 46

View: 6032

It goes without saying that atomic structure, including its dual wave-particle nature, cannot be demonstrated in the classroom. Thus, for most science teachers, especially those in physics and chemistry, the textbook is their key resource and their students’ core source of information. Science education historiography recognizes the role played by the history and philosophy of science in developing the content of our textbooks, and with this in mind, the authors analyze more than 120 general chemistry textbooks published in the USA, based on criteria derived from a historical reconstruction of wave-particle duality. They come to some revealing conclusions, including the fact that very few textbooks discussed issues such as the suggestion, by both Einstein and de Broglie, and before conclusive experimental evidence was available, that wave-particle duality existed. Other large-scale omissions included de Broglie’s prescription for observing this duality, and the importance of the Davisson-Germer experiments, as well as the struggle to interpret the experimental data they were collecting. Also untouched was the background to the role played by Schrödinger in developing de Broglie’s ideas. The authors argue that rectifying these deficiencies will arouse students’ curiosity by giving them the opportunity to engage creatively with the content of science curricula. They also assert that it isn’t just the experimental data in science that matters, but the theoretical insights and unwonted inspirations, too. In addition, the controversies and discrepancies in the theoretical and experimental record are key drivers in understanding the development of science as we know it today.
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Nature of Science in General Chemistry Textbooks

Author: Mansoor Niaz,Arelys Maza

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400719200

Category: Science

Page: 43

View: 929

Research in science education has recognized the importance of history and philosophy of science (HPS). Nature of science (NOS) is considered to be an essential part of HPS with important implications for teaching science. The role played by textbooks in developing students’ informed conceptions of NOS has been a source of considerable interest for science educators. In some parts of the world, textbooks become the curriculum and determine to a great extent what is taught and learned in the classroom. Given this background and interest, this monograph has evaluated NOS in university level general chemistry textbooks published in U.S.A. Most textbooks in this study provided little insight with respect to the nine criteria used for evaluating NOS. Some of the textbooks, however, inevitably refer to HPS and thus provide guidelines for future textbooks. A few of the textbooks go into considerable detail to present the atomic models of Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford, Bohr and wave mechanical to illustrate the tentative nature of scientific theories --- an important NOS aspect. These results lead to the question: Are we teaching science as practiced by scientists? An answer to this question can help us to understand the importance of NOS, by providing students an HPS-based environment, so that they too (just like the scientists) feel the thrill and excitement of discovering new things. This monograph provides students and teachers guidelines for introducing various aspects of NOS, based on historical episodes.
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Advanced Dairy Chemistry

Volume 1A: Proteins: Basic Aspects, 4th Edition

Author: Paul L. H. McSweeney,Patrick F. Fox

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461447143

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 548

View: 7211

Professor Fox’s multi-volume Advanced Dairy Chemistry set was first published in four volumes in the early 1980s. A second edition came out in the early 1990s, and an updated third edition was published a decade later. The set is the leading major reference on dairy chemistry, providing in-depth coverage of milk proteins, lipids, and lactose. The editors propose beginning the revision cycle again, with a revised first volume on proteins, to be divided and published separately as Volume 1A - Proteins: Basics Aspects, and Volume 1B – Applied Aspects. Fox and his co-editor, Paul McSweeney, have created an extensively revised the Table of Contents for Volume 1A, which details the novel and updated chapters to be included in this upcoming fourth edition. New contributors include highly regarded dairy scientists and scholars from around the world.
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Chemie der hochenergetischen Materialien

Author: Thomas M. Klapötke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110214873

Category: Science

Page: 195

View: 7417

This reference work treats the basic chemistry of high energy materials and offers an overview of current research. Both civilian and military uses of high-energy compounds are presented.
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Basic chemistry

Author: William S. Seese,Guido H. Daub

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780130578112

Category: Science

Page: 655

View: 3991

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Evolving Nature of Objectivity in the History of Science and its Implications for Science Education

Author: Mansoor Niaz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319677268

Category: Science

Page: 237

View: 8417

This book explores the evolving nature of objectivity in the history of science and its implications for science education. It is generally considered that objectivity, certainty, truth, universality, the scientific method and the accumulation of experimental data characterize both science and science education. Such universal values associated with science may be challenged while studying controversies in their original historical context. The scientific enterprise is not characterized by objectivity or the scientific method, but rather controversies, alternative interpretations of data, ambiguity, and uncertainty. Although objectivity is not synonymous with truth or certainty, it has eclipsed other epistemic virtues and to be objective is often used as a synonym for scientific. Recent scholarship in history and philosophy of science has shown that it is not the experimental data (Baconian orgy of quantification) but rather the diversity / plurality in a scientific discipline that contributes toward understanding objectivity. History of science shows that objectivity and subjectivity can be considered as the two poles of a continuum and this dualism leads to a conflict in understanding the evolving nature of objectivity. The history of objectivity is nothing less than the history of science itself and the evolving and varying forms of objectivity does not mean that one replaced the other in a sequence but rather each form supplements the others. This book is remarkable for its insistence that the philosophy of science, and in particular that discipline’s analysis of objectivity as the supposed hallmark of the scientific method, is of direct value to teachers of science. Meticulously, yet in a most readable way, Mansoor Niaz looks at the way objectivity has been dealt with over the years in influential educational journals and in textbooks; it’s fascinating how certain perspectives fade, while basic questions show no sign of going away. There are few books that take both philosophy and education seriously – this one does! Roald Hoffmann, Cornell University, chemist, writer and Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
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General Chemistry

Author: Donald Allan McQuarrie,Peter A. Rock,Ethan B. Gallogly

Publisher: Univ Science Books

ISBN: 9781891389603

Category: Science

Page: 1116

View: 1178

"Atoms First seems to be the flavor of the year in chemistry textbooks, but many of them seem to be little more than rearrangement of the chapters. It takes a master like McQuarrie to go back to the drawing board and create a logical development from smallest to largest that makes sense to students."---Hal Harris, University of Missouri-St. Louis "McQuarrie's book is extremely well written, the order of topics is logical, and it does a great job with both introductory material and more advanced concepts. Students of all skill levels will be able to learn from this book."---Mark Kearley, Florida State University This new fourth edition of General Chemistry takes an atoms-first approach from beginning to end. In the tradition of McQuarrie's many previous works, it promises to be another ground-breaking text. This superb new book combines the clear writing and wonderful problems that have made McQuarrie famous among chemistry professors and students worldwide. Presented in an elegant design with all-new illustrations, it is available in a soft-cover edition to offer professors a fresh choice at an outstanding value. Student supplements include an online series of descriptive chemistry Interchapters, a Student Solutions Manual, and an optional state-of-the-art Online Homework program. For adopting professors, an Instructor's Manual and a CD of the art are also available.
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Essentials of Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Author: Donald Cairns

Publisher: Pharmaceutical Press

ISBN: 0853699798

Category: Medical

Page: 308

View: 5473

An introduction to pharmaceutical chemistry for undergraduate pharmacy, chemistry and medicinal chemistry students. Essentials of Pharmaceutical Chemistry is a chemistry introduction that covers all of the core material necessary to provide an understanding of the basic chemistry of drug molecules. Now a core text on many university courses, it contains numerous worked examples and problems. The 4th edition includes new chapters on Chromatographic Methods of Analysis, and Medicinal Chemistry - The Science of Drug Design.
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General Organic and Biological Chemistry

An Integrated Approach

Author: Kenneth W. Raymond

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118352580

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 3865

General, Organic and Biological Chemistry, 4th Edition has been written for students preparing for careers in health-related fields such as nursing, dental hygiene, nutrition, medical technology and occupational therapy. It is also suited for students majoring in other fields where it is important to have an understanding of the basics of chemistry. An integrated approach is employed in which related general chemistry, organic chemistry, and biochemistry topics are presented in adjacent chapters. This approach helps students see the strong connections that exist between these three branches of chemistry, and allows instructors to discuss these, interrelationships while the material is still fresh in students' minds.
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General Chemistry

Chemistry, Chemistry

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1490296174

Category: Education

Page: 338

View: 5684

Facts101 is your complete guide to General Chemistry. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
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Physical Chemistry, 4th Edition

Author: Robert J. Silbey

Publisher: Wiley Global Education

ISBN: 1118313151

Category: Science

Page: 960

View: 5028

A leading book for 80 years, Silbey's Physical Chemistry features exceptionally clear explanations of the concepts and methods of physical chemistry for students who have had a year of calculus and a year of physics. The basic theory of chemistry is presented from the viewpoint of academic physical chemists, but the many practical applications of physical chemistry are integrated throughout the text. The problems in the text also reflect a skillful blend of theory and practical applications. This text is ideally suited for a standard undergraduate physical chemistry course taken by chemistry, chemical engineering, and biochemistry majors in their junior or senior year.
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Introduction to Paint Chemistry and principles of paint technology, Fourth Edition

Author: John Bentley,G.P.A. Turner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412723308

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 7152

This work provides a comprehensive introduction to paint technology supported by the relevant aspects of chemistry and physics. It covers the basic science and is devoted to paint composition, formulation and drying mechanisms, paint ingredients such as solvents, pigments and additives, and the different paint groups by chemical type. Throughout the book the authors emphasize the factors which govern the choice of a particular paint for a particular job. This new edition has been thoroughly revised to modernize and clarify the text. Areas of new development have been added including environmental impacts, safety issues and modern paint making techniques. Nomenclature and units have also been updated and a glossary of technical terms added. This book should be of interest as a course text for paint technology students and technical staff concerned with the paint industry.
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A Textbook of Organic Chemistry, 4th Edition

Author: Tewari, K.S. & Vishnoi, N.K.

Publisher: Vikas Publishing House

ISBN: 938587912X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6501

The book 'A Textbook of Organic Chemistry' was first published 40 years ago. Over the years it has become students’ favourite because it explains the subject in the most student-friendly way and is revised regularly to keep itself updated with the latest in research. This edition presents the modern-day basic principles and concepts of the subject as per the CBCS of UGC guidelines. Special emphasis has been laid on the mechanism and electronic interpretation of reactions of the various classes of compounds. It provides a basic foundation of the subject so that based on these, students are able to extrapolate, predict and solve challenging problems.New in this Edition• A new chapter 'Energy in Biosystems' explores the fundamentals of biochemical reactions involved in storage as well as continuous usage of energy in biosystems. • Structural theories like VB and MO, hybridization and orbital pictures of resonance, and hyperconjugation.• Woodward-Fieser rules for calculating λmax, and Norrisch type I and II reactions of special photochemical C-C cleavage in the chapter on 'Electromagnetic Spectrum'. • Polanyi-Hammond postulates and Curtin-Hammett principle, along with several new mechanisms, e.g., Favorskii, Baeyer-Villiger, and Birch, in Chapter 5.• McMurry, Wittig, Stobbe, Darzen in Chapter 19.• Study of antibiotics, antacids and antihistamines in the chapter on 'Chemotherapy'. • Biodegradable and conducting plastics in the chapter on 'Synthetic Polymers and Plastics'. • Benefits of 'Green Chemistry'—the latest trend for sustainable chemistry as Appendix II.
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Chemistry of High-Energy Materials

Author: Thomas M. Klapötke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 311053679X

Category: Science

Page: 385

View: 7444

The 4th revised edition expands on the basic chemistry of high energy materials of the precious editions and examines new research developments, including hydrodynamics and ionic liquids. Applications in military and civil fields are discussed. This work is of interest to advanced students in chemistry, materials science and engineering, as well as to all those working in defense technology.
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The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry

Author: Camille Georges Wermuth,David Aldous,Pierre Raboisson,Didier Rognan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012417213X

Category: Science

Page: 902

View: 6148

The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry, Fourth Edition provides a practical and comprehensive overview of the daily issues facing pharmaceutical researchers and chemists. In addition to its thorough treatment of basic medicinal chemistry principles, this updated edition has been revised to provide new and expanded coverage of the latest technologies and approaches in drug discovery. With topics like high content screening, scoring, docking, binding free energy calculations, polypharmacology, QSAR, chemical collections and databases, and much more, this book is the go-to reference for all academic and pharmaceutical researchers who need a complete understanding of medicinal chemistry and its application to drug discovery and development. Includes updated and expanded material on systems biology, chemogenomics, computer-aided drug design, and other important recent advances in the field Incorporates extensive color figures, case studies, and practical examples to help users gain a further understanding of key concepts Provides high-quality content in a comprehensive manner, including contributions from international chapter authors to illustrate the global nature of medicinal chemistry and drug development research An image bank is available for instructors at www.textbooks.elsevier.com
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