Barbarism and Civilization

A History of Europe in our Time

Author: Bernard Wasserstein

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191622516

Category: History

Page: 928

View: 7858

The twentieth century in Europe witnessed some of the most brutish episodes in history. Yet it also saw incontestable improvements in the conditions of existence for most inhabitants of the continent - from rising living standards and dramatically increased life expectancy, to the virtual elimination of illiteracy, and the advance of women, ethnic minorities, and homosexuals to greater equality of respect and opportunity. It was a century of barbarism and civilization, of cruelty and tenderness, of technological achievement and environmental spoliation, of imperial expansion and withdrawal, of authoritarian repression - and of individualism resurgent. Covering everything from war and politics to social, cultural, and economic change, Barbarism and Civilization is by turns grim, humorous, surprising, and enlightening: a window on the century we have left behind and the earliest years of its troubled successor.
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Barbarism and Civilization

A History of Europe in Our Time

Author: Bernard Wasserstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019873073X

Category: History

Page: 901

View: 7283

The twentieth century in Europe witnessed some of the most brutish episodes in history. Yet it also saw incontestable improvements in the conditions of existence for most inhabitants of the continent - from rising living standards and dramatically increased life expectancy, to the virtual elimination of illiteracy, and the advance of women, ethnic minorities, and homosexuals to greater equality of respect and opportunity. Covering everything from war and politics to social, cultural, and economic change, this vibrant new history of twentieth century Europe is by turns grim, humorous, surprising, and enlightening: a window on the century we have left behind and the earliest years of its troubled successor.
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Barbarism and Civilization

A History of Europe in Our Time

Author: Bernard Wasserstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198730743

Category: History

Page: 901

View: 5094

Looks at the politics, economy, history, and culture of Europe during the twentieth-century.
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Empire, Barbarism, and Civilisation

Captain Cook, William Hodges and the Return to the Pacific

Author: Harriet Guest

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521881943

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 249

View: 1476

An original and richly illustrated study of the pictorial and written representations of Cook's voyages.
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Barbaric Civilization

A Critical Sociology of Genocide

Author: Christopher Powell

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773538550

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 3887

From its beginnings in the early twelfth century, the Western civilizing process has involved two interconnected transformations: the monopolization of military force by sovereign states and the cultivation in individuals of habits and dispositions of the kind that we call "civilized." The combined forward movement of these processes channels violent struggles for social dominance into symbolic performances. But even as the civilizing process frees many subjects from the threat of direct physical force, violence accumulates behind the scenes and at the margins of the social order, kept there by a deeply habituated performance of dominance and subordination called deferentiation. When deferentiation fails, difference becomes dangerous and genocide becomes possible. Connecting historical developments with everyday life occurrences, and discussing examples ranging from thirteenth-century Languedoc to 1994 Rwanda, Powell offers an original framework for analyzing, comparing, and discussing genocides as variable outcomes of a common underlying social system, raising unsettling questions about the contradictions of Western civilization and the possibility of a world without genocide.
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Barbarism and Its Discontents

Author: Maria Boletsi

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804785376

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 328

View: 2909

Barbarism and civilization form one of the oldest and most rigid oppositions in Western history. According to this dichotomy, barbarism functions as the negative standard through which "civilization" fosters its self-definition and superiority by labeling others "barbarians." Since the 1990s, and especially since 9/11, these terms have become increasingly popular in Western political and cultural rhetoric—a rhetoric that divides the world into forces of good and evil. This study intervenes in this recent trend and interrogates contemporary and historical uses of barbarism, arguing that barbarism also has a disruptive, insurgent potential. Boletsi recasts barbarism as a productive concept, finding that it is a common thread in works of literature, art, and theory. By dislodging barbarism from its conventional contexts, this book reclaims barbarism's edge and proposes it as a useful theoretical tool.
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Civilization or Barbarism

Author: Cheikh Anta Diop,Harold J. Salemson,Marjolijn De Jager

Publisher: Chicago Review Press

ISBN: 1556520484

Category: History

Page: 440

View: 7487

Challenging societal beliefs, this volume rethinks African and world history from an Afrocentric perspective.
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Mill on Civilization and Barbarism

Author: Michael Levin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135755035

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 6594

John Stuart Mill's best-known work is On Liberty (1859). In it he declared that Western society was in danger of coming to a standstill. To understand how Mill came to this conclusion requires one to investigate his notion of the stages from barbarism to civilisation, and also his belief in imperialism as part of the civilising process. This study encompasses discourses on the blessings, curses and dangers of modernisation from approximately the time of the American and French revolutions to that of the so-called mid-Victorian calm in which On Liberty was written. Current political issues concerning the West and Islamic countries have heightened interest in just the kind of question that this book discusses: that of how the West relates to, and assesses, the rest of the world.
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Barbarism and Religion

Author: J. G. A. Pocock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521797603

Category: History

Page: 440

View: 1202

A major new sequence of works from one of the world's leading historians of ideas.
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The New Leviathan

Or Man, Society, Civilization, and Barbarism

Author: Robin George Collingwood

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198238805

Category: Philosophy

Page: 525

View: 397

The New Leviathan, originally published in 1942, a few months before the author's death, is the book which R. G. Collingwood chose to write in preference to completing his life's work on the philosophy of history. It was occasioned by the Second World War and the threat which Nazism and Fascism constituted to civlization. The book draws upon many years of work in moral and political philosophy and attempts to establish the multiple and complex connections between the levels of consciousness, society, civilization, and barbarism. Collingwood argues that traditional social contract theory has failed to account for the continuing existence of the non-social community and its relation to the social community in the body politic. He is also critical of the tendency within ethics to confound right and duty. The publication of 120 pages of additional manuscript material in this revised edition demonstrates in more detail how Collingwood was determined to show that right and duty occupy different levels of rational practical consciousness. The additional writings also contain Collingwood's unequivocal rejection of relativism. David Boucher's introduction shows that The New Leviathan and The Idea of History are integrally related and that neither can be properly understood independently of the other. He is also concerned to show how many of Collingwood's ideas have a contemporary relevance, and that his ideas on barbarism are not so unusual as they might at first appear. 'A strange and fascinating book . . . The publication of this handsome new edition of The New Leviathan . . . is a welcome event.' Political Studies 'In his respectful and informative introduction David Boucher shows how The New Leviathan and the additional material appended to it fit in with Collingwood's thought as a whole.' History of Political Thought 'Throughout, the Introduction displays Boucher's usual mastery of the material, serious and probing approach, and judicious appraisal.' Collingwood Studies
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Savage Century

Back to Barbarism

Author: Therese Delpech

Publisher: Carnegie Endowment

ISBN: 0870032763

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 2952

At the dawn of the twentieth century, observers heralded a new era of social progress, seemingly limitless technological advances, and world peace. But within only a few years, the world was perched on the brink of war, revolution, and human misery on an unprecedented scale. Is it possible that today, in the early twenty-first century, we are on the verge of similar, tumultuous times? Blending a detailed knowledge of international security affairs with history, philosophy, psychology, and literature, Thérèse Delpech vividly reminds us of the signs and warnings that were missed as the "civilized" world failed to prevent both world wars, the Holocaust, Soviet death camps, and Cambodian killing fields that made the twentieth century so deadly. Drawing a parallel between 1905 and 2005, Delpech warns that it could happen again in this current era of increasing international violence and global lawlessness. She looks ahead to imagine various scenarios and regions that could become flashpoints in the future. Winner of the 2005 Prix Femina de l'essai. Praise for the original French edition, L'Ensauvagement "One doesn't know what to admire most in this book: the precision of information, the scope of reference, the originality of the approach?" —Le Nouvel Observateur "From Iranian nuclear ambitions to the Taiwan question, Delpech reviews all the situations which might lead mankind to succumb to the perennial temptation of savagery—a passionate and lucid book." —L'argus de la presse "L'ensauvagement transcends its surface content, articulating great hope that our reason and will might take hold and overcome unreason." —Politique étrangère "Combining introspection and prediction, geopolitics and philosophy, Thérèse Delpech has issued a warning cry." —Politique Internationale
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The Fear of Barbarians

Beyond the Clash of Civilizations

Author: Tzvetan Todorov

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226805786

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 3494

The relationship between Western democracies and Islam, rarely entirely comfortable, has in recent years become increasingly tense. A growing immigrant population and worries about cultural and political assimilation—exacerbated by terrorist attacks in the United States, Europe, and around the world—have provoked reams of commentary from all parts of the political spectrum, a frustrating majority of it hyperbolic or even hysterical. In The Fear of Barbarians, the celebrated intellectual Tzvetan Todorov offers a corrective: a reasoned and often highly personal analysis of the problem, rooted in Enlightenment values yet open to the claims of cultural difference. Drawing on history, anthropology, and politics, and bringing to bear examples ranging from the murder of Theo van Gogh to the French ban on headscarves, Todorov argues that the West must overcome its fear of Islam if it is to avoid betraying the values it claims to protect. True freedom, Todorov explains, requires us to strike a delicate balance between protecting and imposing cultural values, acknowledging the primacy of the law, and yet strenuously protecting minority views that do not interfere with its aims. Adding force to Todorov's arguments is his own experience as a native of communist Bulgaria: his admiration of French civic identity—and Western freedom—is vigorous but non-nativist, an inclusive vision whose very flexibility is its core strength. The record of a penetrating mind grappling with a complicated, multifaceted problem, The Fear of Barbarians is a powerful, important book—a call, not to arms, but to thought.
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Between Civilization & Barbarism

Women, Nation, and Literary Culture in Modern Argentina

Author: Francine Masiello

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803231580

Category: History

Page: 251

View: 828

Masiello's book "sheds light on a relatively little-known group of extremely interesting women in the formative period of a major literature. . . . [It] breaks new ground and will be a standard reference for the subject."--Margaret Sayers Peden. Evoking the famous watchwords of Argentine president Domingo Sarmiento (1868–74), Between Civilization and Barbarism explores the positioning of women within the Argentine nation and argues that women neither sought alliance with the "civilizing" agenda of leading statesmen nor found identity in the extreme poses of "barbarism," to which some intellectuals had condemned them. Instead, women used literary and political texts to surpass the tightly outlined roles assigned to them. Beginning with literary and journalistic texts written by and about women from the time of Sarmiento, Francine Masiello traces strategic shifts in the discourse on gender at moments of national crisis. She considers not only novels and guides to female behavior written by and for privileged women but also newspapers and political tracts produced by women of the working class. Extending her study into the urban expansion and modernization of the 1920s, Masiello explores the nature of gender relations posited in treatises on crime and public disorder and in the texts of avant-garde and social-realist writers. In addressing such representations of women, as well as the effects of ideology and history on writing, Masiello offers bold new insights into the development of Latin American women's literature and illuminates the role of women in forming the culture of present-day Argentina. Francine Masiello is an associate professor of Spanish and comparative literature at the University of California at Berkeley. She is the author of Lenguaje e ideología: las escuelas argentinas de vanguardia (1986) and coauthor of Women, Culture, and Politics in Latin America (1990).
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Between civilization & barbarism

women, nation, and literary culture in modern Argentina

Author: Francine Masiello

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803231580

Category: Argentine literature

Page: 251

View: 4604

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Facundo

Civilization and Barbarism

Author: Domingo Faustino Sarmiento

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520239807

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 2969

"Sarmiento's Facundo remains a foundational work for the traditions of Latin American fiction and historiography, and so an essential book for English language North Americans also, at least for those not content to abide in ignorance of an ongoing common destiny. Roberto González Echevarría, the leading critic of Hispanic literature, powerfully introduces the sensitive translation by Kathleen Ross. Sarmiento's High Romantic vision created the myth of the gaucho and his death drive, fascinatingly at some variance with Sarmiento's own vitalistic nuancing of his saga."—Harold Bloom, author of The Western Canon, Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, and Genius: A Mosaic of On Hundred Exemplary Minds "Publishing this book in a new translation is a historic event in itself. Sarmiento's epic Facundo is more than one of the Western Hemisphere's most important literary works; it epitomizes the meaning of 'classic.' The translator, Kathleen Ross, has captured the epic majesty and metaphoric power of Sarmiento's prose."—Jeremy Adelman, Princeton University
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Freedom and Domination

A Historical Critique of Civilization

Author: Dankwart A. Rustow,Salvator Attanasio

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400856744

Category: History

Page: 748

View: 3520

Presented here is a condensed translation of Alexander Rustow's three-volume Ortsbestimmung der Gegenwart. This monumental work was widely acclaimed by critics throughout Europe as a major contribution to both historical and sociological scholarship. Recognized as one of the foremost exponents of neoliberal thought, and thus as one of the intellectual authors of West Germany's economic miracle," Rustow--in his magnum opus--tried to determine what social patterns and trends of thought enhance the human condition and what other patterns and trends lead to repression and barbarism. Originally published in 1981. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
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J.S. Mill on Civilization and Barbarism

Author: Michael Levin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0714684767

Category: History

Page: 152

View: 556

It takes us into the Utilitarianism of his family background, and such other influences as Romanticism, Scottish political economy and such key French thinkers as Saint-Simon, Guizot, Comte and Tocqueville."--BOOK JACKET.
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Black Africa

The Economic and Cultural Basis for a Federated State

Author: Cheikh Anta Diop

Publisher: Chicago Review Press

ISBN: 161374739X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 146

View: 2605

Challenging societal beliefs, this volume rethinks African and world history from an Afrocentric perspective.
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Mill on Civilization and Barbarism

Author: Michael Levin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135755043

Category: Philosophy

Page: 168

View: 4562

John Stuart Mill's best-known work is On Liberty (1859). In it he declared that Western society was in danger of coming to a standstill. To understand how Mill came to this conclusion requires one to investigate his notion of the stages from barbarism to civilisation, and also his belief in imperialism as part of the civilising process. This study encompasses discourses on the blessings, curses and dangers of modernisation from approximately the time of the American and French revolutions to that of the so-called mid-Victorian calm in which On Liberty was written. Current political issues concerning the West and Islamic countries have heightened interest in just the kind of question that this book discusses: that of how the West relates to, and assesses, the rest of the world.
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