Barbarism and Civilization

A History of Europe in our Time

Author: Bernard Wasserstein

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191622516

Category: History

Page: 928

View: 6750

The twentieth century in Europe witnessed some of the most brutish episodes in history. Yet it also saw incontestable improvements in the conditions of existence for most inhabitants of the continent - from rising living standards and dramatically increased life expectancy, to the virtual elimination of illiteracy, and the advance of women, ethnic minorities, and homosexuals to greater equality of respect and opportunity. It was a century of barbarism and civilization, of cruelty and tenderness, of technological achievement and environmental spoliation, of imperial expansion and withdrawal, of authoritarian repression - and of individualism resurgent. Covering everything from war and politics to social, cultural, and economic change, Barbarism and Civilization is by turns grim, humorous, surprising, and enlightening: a window on the century we have left behind and the earliest years of its troubled successor.
Release

Barbarism and Its Discontents

Author: Maria Boletsi

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804785376

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 328

View: 5882

Barbarism and civilization form one of the oldest and most rigid oppositions in Western history. According to this dichotomy, barbarism functions as the negative standard through which "civilization" fosters its self-definition and superiority by labeling others "barbarians." Since the 1990s, and especially since 9/11, these terms have become increasingly popular in Western political and cultural rhetoric—a rhetoric that divides the world into forces of good and evil. This study intervenes in this recent trend and interrogates contemporary and historical uses of barbarism, arguing that barbarism also has a disruptive, insurgent potential. Boletsi recasts barbarism as a productive concept, finding that it is a common thread in works of literature, art, and theory. By dislodging barbarism from its conventional contexts, this book reclaims barbarism's edge and proposes it as a useful theoretical tool.
Release

Empire, Barbarism, and Civilisation

Captain Cook, William Hodges and the Return to the Pacific

Author: Harriet Guest

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521881943

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 249

View: 4584

An original and richly illustrated study of the pictorial and written representations of Cook's voyages.
Release

Facundo

Or, Civilization and Barbarism

Author: Domingo F. Sarmiento

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101190671

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 392

Ostensibly a biography of the gaucho barbarian Juan Facundo Quiroga, Facundo is also a complex, passionate work of history, sociology, and political commentary, and Latin America's most important essay of the nineteenth century. It is a study of the Argentine character, a prescription for the modernization of Latin America, and a protest against the tyranny of the government of Juan Manuel de Rosas (1835–1852). The book brings nineteenth-century Latin American history to life even as it raises questions still being debated today—questions regarding the "civilized" city versus the "barbaric" countryside, the treatment of indigenous and African populations, and the classically liberal plan of modernization. Facundo’s celebrated and frequently anthologized portraits of Quiroga and other colorful characters give readers an exhilarating sense of Argentine culture in the making. For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Release

J.S. Mill on Civilization and Barbarism

Author: Michael Levin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0714684767

Category: History

Page: 152

View: 3420

It takes us into the Utilitarianism of his family background, and such other influences as Romanticism, Scottish political economy and such key French thinkers as Saint-Simon, Guizot, Comte and Tocqueville."--BOOK JACKET.
Release

Between civilization & barbarism

women, nation, and literary culture in modern Argentina

Author: Francine Masiello

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803231580

Category: Argentine literature

Page: 251

View: 1818

Release

Facundo

Civilization and Barbarism

Author: Domingo Faustino Sarmiento

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520239807

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 8568

"Sarmiento's Facundo remains a foundational work for the traditions of Latin American fiction and historiography, and so an essential book for English language North Americans also, at least for those not content to abide in ignorance of an ongoing common destiny. Roberto González Echevarría, the leading critic of Hispanic literature, powerfully introduces the sensitive translation by Kathleen Ross. Sarmiento's High Romantic vision created the myth of the gaucho and his death drive, fascinatingly at some variance with Sarmiento's own vitalistic nuancing of his saga."—Harold Bloom, author of The Western Canon, Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, and Genius: A Mosaic of On Hundred Exemplary Minds "Publishing this book in a new translation is a historic event in itself. Sarmiento's epic Facundo is more than one of the Western Hemisphere's most important literary works; it epitomizes the meaning of 'classic.' The translator, Kathleen Ross, has captured the epic majesty and metaphoric power of Sarmiento's prose."—Jeremy Adelman, Princeton University
Release

Beyond Civilization and Barbarism

Culture and Politics in Postrevolutionary Argentina

Author: Brendan Lanctot

Publisher: Bucknell University Press

ISBN: 1611485460

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 1992

Beyond Civilization and Barbarism examines the role of cultural production in the struggle for power in Argentina during the first half of the nineteenth century. Identifying the pueblo, or people, as the common preoccupation of those vying to legitimize competing political projects, it argues that this decisive period of Latin American history was marked by a fundamentally modern debate to define the constitutive parts of the nation.
Release

The Fear of Barbarians

Beyond the Clash of Civilizations

Author: Tzvetan Todorov

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226805786

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 472

The relationship between Western democracies and Islam, rarely entirely comfortable, has in recent years become increasingly tense. A growing immigrant population and worries about cultural and political assimilation—exacerbated by terrorist attacks in the United States, Europe, and around the world—have provoked reams of commentary from all parts of the political spectrum, a frustrating majority of it hyperbolic or even hysterical. In The Fear of Barbarians, the celebrated intellectual Tzvetan Todorov offers a corrective: a reasoned and often highly personal analysis of the problem, rooted in Enlightenment values yet open to the claims of cultural difference. Drawing on history, anthropology, and politics, and bringing to bear examples ranging from the murder of Theo van Gogh to the French ban on headscarves, Todorov argues that the West must overcome its fear of Islam if it is to avoid betraying the values it claims to protect. True freedom, Todorov explains, requires us to strike a delicate balance between protecting and imposing cultural values, acknowledging the primacy of the law, and yet strenuously protecting minority views that do not interfere with its aims. Adding force to Todorov's arguments is his own experience as a native of communist Bulgaria: his admiration of French civic identity—and Western freedom—is vigorous but non-nativist, an inclusive vision whose very flexibility is its core strength. The record of a penetrating mind grappling with a complicated, multifaceted problem, The Fear of Barbarians is a powerful, important book—a call, not to arms, but to thought.
Release

The New Barbarism and the Modern West

Recognizing an Ethic of Difference

Author: Toivo Koivukoski

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739190008

Category: Political Science

Page: 164

View: 8329

This book of political theory reflects on how cultures imagine their barbarians in the form of essentialized others, focusing specifically on the kinds of barbarism associated with a civilization devoted to technological progress.
Release

Facundo, Or, Civilization and Barbarism

Author: Domingo Faustino Sarmiento

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780140436778

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 8171

Written in political exile by one of Argentina's greatest statesmen and intellectuals and long known to English-speaking readers as Life in the Argentine Republic in the Days of the Tyrants, Facundo (1845) is ostensibly a biography of the gaucho "barbarian" Juan Facundo Quiroga. Combining history, sociology, and political commentary, Sarmiento explores the impact of Argentine geography on the life of the gaucho; chronicles the often bloody political and military adventures of Facundo; examines the reign of the tyrannical ruler Juan Manuel de Rosas; and ponders the future of Argentina. This edition includes an informative introduction and a chronology of Sarmiento's life and times. It also restores the original author's note that was dropped for the 1868 English-language edition - and that is crucial to our understanding of Sarmiento and his views.
Release

Civilization and Barbarism in Joseph Conrad's Novel "Heart Of Darkness"

Author: N.A

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656107106

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 7

View: 3766

Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Literature - Modern Literature, grade: 18.5/20, , course: Modern Novel, language: English, abstract: How Civilization and Barbarism as presented in Joseph Conrad's Novel "Heart Of Darkness: Modernism is trend in the art of XX century, characterized by a break with previous historical experience of artistic creativity and the desire to adopt new, unconventional start in the art, the continuous upgrading of art forms, as well as the convention (schematization, abstract) of style (Kolocotroni, Goldman and Taxidou 20). Modernist paradigm was one of the leading in Western civilization first half of XX century in the second half of the century it has been subjected deployed criticism. Joseph Conrad may be considered to be one of the great modernist writers. In his works, Conrad was first to use narrative tool of "perspective" when the action is transmitted through the perception of several people. This tool is widespread in modern prose. For example, in the novel "Lord Jim", the story is on behalf of not only the title character, but also Captain Marlowe (he acts as narrator in "Heart of Darkness"), as well as other characters. Joseph Conrad (real name - Józef Korzeniowski, 1857-1924) was classic of English literature of the twentieth century. He was born in the Russian Empire in a family of Polish patriots, members of anti-government protests. In 1874 he fled to Marseille, and worked as a cabin boy on the French merchant vessel, and three years later, during a voyage to the Pacific Ocean, for the first time began to learn English (Bloom 30). Eventually he became captain of the British passenger fleet, and maritime experience gave Conrad material for his literary works. After resigning, he devoted himself entirely to literature and the mid-nineties began to publish novels, novellas and short stories, once that found its readers. Conrad was able to enter into the first rank of writers of literature's oldest, established in the language, is not for his mother - it happens very rarely. Throughout the twentieth century, his reputation grew with each decade, because the clearer became his role as one of the founders of modernism. Conrad's supreme achievement is short novel "Heart of Darkness." [...]
Release

Civilization and Barbarism

Illustrated by Especial Reference to Metacomet and the Extinction of His Race

Author: Frederick Freeman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: King Philip's War, 1675-1676

Page: 186

View: 3968

Release

Tragedy and Civilization

An Interpretation of Sophocles

Author: Charles Segal

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806131368

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 506

View: 4427

Drawing on comprehensive analyses of all of Sophocles' plays, on structuralist anthropology, and on other extensive work on myth and tragedy, Charles Segal examines Sophocles both as a great dramatic poet and as a serious thinker. He shows how Sophoclean tragedy reflects the human condition in its constant and tragic struggle for order and civilized life against the ever-present threat of savagery and chaotic violence, both within society and within the individual. Tragedy and Civilization begins with a study of these themes and then proceeds to detailed discussions of each of the seven plays. For this edition Segal also provides a new preface discussing recent developments in the study of Sophocles.
Release

Mill on Civilization and Barbarism

Author: Michael Levin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780203329306

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 1100

John Stuart Mill's best-known work is On Liberty (1859). In it he declared that Western society was in danger of coming to a standstill. To understand how Mill came to this conclusion requires one to investigate his notion of the stages from barbarism to civilisation, and also his belief in imperialism as part of the civilising process. This study encompasses discourses on the blessings, curses and dangers of modernisation from approximately the time of the American and French revolutions to that of the so-called mid-Victorian calm in which On Liberty was written. Current political issues concerning the West and Islamic countries have heightened interest in just the kind of question that this book discusses: that of how the West relates to, and assesses, the rest of the world.
Release

Krieg dem Kriege

Neu herausgegeben vom Anti-Kriegs-Museum Berlin Mit einer Einführung von Gerd Krumeich

Author: Ernst Friedrich

Publisher: Ch. Links Verlag

ISBN: 3862843963

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 9216

Ernst Friedrichs 1924 zum ersten Mal erschienenes Buch »Krieg dem Kriege« ist ein Meilenstein der Friedensliteratur und der Friedenspädagogik. Das durchgehend viersprachig (Deutsch / Französisch / Englisch / Holländisch) gedruckte Werk wurde weltweit hundertausendfach verkauft und erregte wegen der drastischen Bilder von verstümmelten Soldaten und der klaren antimilitaristischen Sprache großes Aufsehen und viel Anstoß. Mehreren Generationen junger Menschen hat nicht zuletzt »Krieg dem Kriege« die Schrecken des Krieges vergegenwärtigt. Die Neuauflage im Ch. Links Verlag macht dieses wichtige Werk wieder zugänglich und erschließt es durch eine fundierte historische Einleitung von Gerd Krumeich für die Gegenwart. Eine biografische Skizze Ernst Friedrichs von seinem Enkel Tommy Spree informiert erstmals ausführlich über das bewegte Leben des Verfassers von »Krieg dem Kriege«.
Release

Civilization or Barbarism

Author: Cheikh Anta Diop,Harold J. Salemson,Marjolijn De Jager

Publisher: Chicago Review Press

ISBN: 1556520484

Category: History

Page: 440

View: 6419

Challenging societal beliefs, this volume rethinks African and world history from an Afrocentric perspective.
Release

Black Sea

The Birthplace of Civilisation and Barbarism

Author: Neal Ascherson

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 009952046X

Category: Black Sea

Page: 320

View: 2693

THE BLACK SEA is at once a homage to an ocean and its shores and an amazingly readable meditation on Eurasian history from the earliest times to the present. It evokes the culture, history and politics of the volatile region which surrounds the Black Sea. Ascherson recalls the world of Herodotus and Aeschylus; Ovid's place of exile on what is now the coast of Romania; the decline and fall of Byzantium; the mysterious fastness of the Chrisian Goths; the Tatar Khanates; the growth of Russian power across the grasslands, and the centuries of war between Ottoman and Russian Empires around the Black Sea; and in our own century the terrors of Stalinism and its fascist enemy, striving for mastery of these endlessly colourful and complex shores. This is a story of Greeks, Scythians, Samatians, Huns, Goths, Turks, Russian and Poles. This is the sea where Europe ended. It is the place where 'barbarism' was born.
Release