Barbarism and Civilization

A History of Europe in our Time

Author: Bernard Wasserstein

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191622516

Category: History

Page: 928

View: 1594

The twentieth century in Europe witnessed some of the most brutish episodes in history. Yet it also saw incontestable improvements in the conditions of existence for most inhabitants of the continent - from rising living standards and dramatically increased life expectancy, to the virtual elimination of illiteracy, and the advance of women, ethnic minorities, and homosexuals to greater equality of respect and opportunity. It was a century of barbarism and civilization, of cruelty and tenderness, of technological achievement and environmental spoliation, of imperial expansion and withdrawal, of authoritarian repression - and of individualism resurgent. Covering everything from war and politics to social, cultural, and economic change, Barbarism and Civilization is by turns grim, humorous, surprising, and enlightening: a window on the century we have left behind and the earliest years of its troubled successor.

Barbarism and Civilization

A History of Europe in Our Time

Author: Bernard Wasserstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019873073X

Category: History

Page: 901

View: 6280

The twentieth century in Europe witnessed some of the most brutish episodes in history. Yet it also saw incontestable improvements in the conditions of existence for most inhabitants of the continent - from rising living standards and dramatically increased life expectancy, to the virtual elimination of illiteracy, and the advance of women, ethnic minorities, and homosexuals to greater equality of respect and opportunity. Covering everything from war and politics to social, cultural, and economic change, this vibrant new history of twentieth century Europe is by turns grim, humorous, surprising, and enlightening: a window on the century we have left behind and the earliest years of its troubled successor.

Barbarism and Civilization

A History of Europe in Our Time

Author: Bernard Wasserstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198730743

Category: History

Page: 901

View: 9175

Looks at the politics, economy, history, and culture of Europe during the twentieth-century.

Empire, Barbarism, and Civilisation

Captain Cook, William Hodges and the Return to the Pacific

Author: Harriet Guest

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521881943

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 249

View: 4826

An original and richly illustrated study of the pictorial and written representations of Cook's voyages.

Civilization or Barbarism

Author: Cheikh Anta Diop,Harold J. Salemson,Marjolijn De Jager

Publisher: Chicago Review Press

ISBN: 1556520484

Category: History

Page: 440

View: 8081

Challenging societal beliefs, this volume rethinks African and world history from an Afrocentric perspective.

Barbarism and Its Discontents

Author: Maria Boletsi

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804785376

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 328

View: 6929

Barbarism and civilization form one of the oldest and most rigid oppositions in Western history. According to this dichotomy, barbarism functions as the negative standard through which "civilization" fosters its self-definition and superiority by labeling others "barbarians." Since the 1990s, and especially since 9/11, these terms have become increasingly popular in Western political and cultural rhetoric—a rhetoric that divides the world into forces of good and evil. This study intervenes in this recent trend and interrogates contemporary and historical uses of barbarism, arguing that barbarism also has a disruptive, insurgent potential. Boletsi recasts barbarism as a productive concept, finding that it is a common thread in works of literature, art, and theory. By dislodging barbarism from its conventional contexts, this book reclaims barbarism's edge and proposes it as a useful theoretical tool.

Exiled in Modernity

Delacroix, Civilization, and Barbarism

Author: David O'Brien

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271082674

Category: Art

Page: 240

View: 5417

Notions of civilization and barbarism were intrinsic to Eugène Delacroix’s artistic practice: he wrote regularly about these concepts in his journal, and the tensions between the two were the subject of numerous paintings, including his most ambitious mural project, the ceiling of the Library of the Chamber of Deputies in the Palais Bourbon. Exiled in Modernity delves deeply into these themes, revealing why Delacroix’s disillusionment with modernity increasingly led him to seek spiritual release or epiphany in the sensual qualities of painting. While civilization implied a degree of control and the constraint of natural impulses for Delacroix, barbarism evoked something uncontrolled and impulsive. Seeing himself as part of a grand tradition extending back to ancient Greece, Delacroix was profoundly aware of the wealth and power that set nineteenth-century Europe apart from the rest of the world. Yet he was fascinated by civilization’s chaotic underbelly. In analyzing Delacroix’s art and prose, David O’Brien illuminates the artist’s effort to reconcile the erudite, tradition-bound aspects of painting with a desire to reach viewers in a more direct, unrestrained manner. Focusing chiefly on Delacroix’s musings about civilization in his famous journal, his major mural projects on the theme of civilization, and the place of civilization in his paintings of North Africa and of animals, O’Brien links Delacroix’s increasingly pessimistic view of modernity to his desire to use his art to provide access to a more fulfilling experience. With more than one hundred illustrations, this original, astute analysis of Delacroix and his work explains why he became an inspiration for modernist painters over the half-century following his death. Art historians and scholars of modernism especially will find great value in O’Brien’s work.

The Fear of Barbarians

Beyond the Clash of Civilizations

Author: Tzvetan Todorov

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226805786

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 7268

The relationship between Western democracies and Islam, rarely entirely comfortable, has in recent years become increasingly tense. A growing immigrant population and worries about cultural and political assimilation—exacerbated by terrorist attacks in the United States, Europe, and around the world—have provoked reams of commentary from all parts of the political spectrum, a frustrating majority of it hyperbolic or even hysterical. In The Fear of Barbarians, the celebrated intellectual Tzvetan Todorov offers a corrective: a reasoned and often highly personal analysis of the problem, rooted in Enlightenment values yet open to the claims of cultural difference. Drawing on history, anthropology, and politics, and bringing to bear examples ranging from the murder of Theo van Gogh to the French ban on headscarves, Todorov argues that the West must overcome its fear of Islam if it is to avoid betraying the values it claims to protect. True freedom, Todorov explains, requires us to strike a delicate balance between protecting and imposing cultural values, acknowledging the primacy of the law, and yet strenuously protecting minority views that do not interfere with its aims. Adding force to Todorov's arguments is his own experience as a native of communist Bulgaria: his admiration of French civic identity—and Western freedom—is vigorous but non-nativist, an inclusive vision whose very flexibility is its core strength. The record of a penetrating mind grappling with a complicated, multifaceted problem, The Fear of Barbarians is a powerful, important book—a call, not to arms, but to thought.

Black Sea

Author: Neal Ascherson

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780809015931

Category: History

Page: 305

View: 3907

The author demonstrates, through the history of the Black Sea area and the disputed regions of Russia, Turkey, Romania, Greece, and Caucasus, that "the meanings of 'community, ' 'nationhood, ' and 'cultural independence' are both fierce and disturbingly uncertain."

Barbaric Civilization

A Critical Sociology of Genocide

Author: Christopher Powell

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773585567

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 3842

From its beginnings in the early twelfth century, the Western civilizing process has involved two interconnected transformations: the monopolization of military force by sovereign states and the cultivation in individuals of habits and dispositions of the kind that we call "civilized." The combined forward movement of these processes channels violent struggles for social dominance into symbolic performances. But even as the civilizing process frees many subjects from the threat of direct physical force, violence accumulates behind the scenes and at the margins of the social order, kept there by a deeply habituated performance of dominance and subordination called deferentiation. When deferentiation fails, difference becomes dangerous and genocide becomes possible. Connecting historical developments with everyday life occurrences, and discussing examples ranging from thirteenth-century Languedoc to 1994 Rwanda, Powell offers an original framework for analyzing, comparing, and discussing genocides as variable outcomes of a common underlying social system, raising unsettling questions about the contradictions of Western civilization and the possibility of a world without genocide.

Barbarism and Religion

Author: J. G. A. Pocock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521797603

Category: History

Page: 440

View: 3115

The second volume of Barbarism and Religion explores the historiography of Enlightenment, and looks at Gibbon's intellectual relationship with writers sucah as Giannone, Voltaire, Hume, Robertson, Ferguson and Adam Smith. Edward Gibbon's intellectual trajectory is both similar but at points crucially distinct from the dominant Latin "Enlightened narrative" these thinkers developed. The interaction of philosophy, erudition and narrative is central to enlightened historiography, and John Pocock again shows how the Decline and Fall is both akin to but distinct from the historiographical context within which Gibbon wrote his great work.


Civilization and Barbarism

Author: Domingo Faustino Sarmiento

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520239807

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 1724

"Sarmiento's Facundo remains a foundational work for the traditions of Latin American fiction and historiography, and so an essential book for English language North Americans also, at least for those not content to abide in ignorance of an ongoing common destiny. Roberto González Echevarría, the leading critic of Hispanic literature, powerfully introduces the sensitive translation by Kathleen Ross. Sarmiento's High Romantic vision created the myth of the gaucho and his death drive, fascinatingly at some variance with Sarmiento's own vitalistic nuancing of his saga."—Harold Bloom, author of The Western Canon, Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, and Genius: A Mosaic of On Hundred Exemplary Minds "Publishing this book in a new translation is a historic event in itself. Sarmiento's epic Facundo is more than one of the Western Hemisphere's most important literary works; it epitomizes the meaning of 'classic.' The translator, Kathleen Ross, has captured the epic majesty and metaphoric power of Sarmiento's prose."—Jeremy Adelman, Princeton University

J.S. Mill on Civilization and Barbarism

Author: Michael Levin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0714684767

Category: History

Page: 152

View: 5121

It takes us into the Utilitarianism of his family background, and such other influences as Romanticism, Scottish political economy and such key French thinkers as Saint-Simon, Guizot, Comte and Tocqueville."--BOOK JACKET.

Facundo, Or, Civilization and Barbarism

Author: Domingo Faustino Sarmiento

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780140436778

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 2710

Written in political exile by one of Argentina's greatest statesmen and intellectuals and long known to English-speaking readers as Life in the Argentine Republic in the Days of the Tyrants, Facundo (1845) is ostensibly a biography of the gaucho "barbarian" Juan Facundo Quiroga. Combining history, sociology, and political commentary, Sarmiento explores the impact of Argentine geography on the life of the gaucho; chronicles the often bloody political and military adventures of Facundo; examines the reign of the tyrannical ruler Juan Manuel de Rosas; and ponders the future of Argentina. This edition includes an informative introduction and a chronology of Sarmiento's life and times. It also restores the original author's note that was dropped for the 1868 English-language edition - and that is crucial to our understanding of Sarmiento and his views.

Between civilization & barbarism

women, nation, and literary culture in modern Argentina

Author: Francine Masiello

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803231580

Category: Argentine literature

Page: 251

View: 1913


The Rise of Canada

From Barbarism to Wealth and Civilization

Author: Charles Roger

Publisher: P. Sinclair ; Montreal : H. Ramsay and B. Dawson ; Toronto : A.H. Armour ; London [Ont.] : C.W. Andrews & Coombe ; Port Hope [Ont.] : J. Ainsley


Category: Canada

Page: 412

View: 8494


Mill on Civilization and Barbarism

Author: Michael Levin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135755043

Category: Philosophy

Page: 168

View: 3407

John Stuart Mill's best-known work is On Liberty (1859). In it he declared that Western society was in danger of coming to a standstill. To understand how Mill came to this conclusion requires one to investigate his notion of the stages from barbarism to civilisation, and also his belief in imperialism as part of the civilising process. This study encompasses discourses on the blessings, curses and dangers of modernisation from approximately the time of the American and French revolutions to that of the so-called mid-Victorian calm in which On Liberty was written. Current political issues concerning the West and Islamic countries have heightened interest in just the kind of question that this book discusses: that of how the West relates to, and assesses, the rest of the world.

Terror and Civilization

Christianity, Politics and the Western Psyche

Author: S. Drury

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403982627

Category: Political Science

Page: 211

View: 7142

Drury regards the political problems of the modern world to be thoroughly Biblical. In the politics of the Twenty-first century, we find two equally arrogant and self-righteous civilizations confronting one another. Each is convinced that it is on the side of God, truth and justice, while its enemy is allied with Satan, wickedness and barbarism. The language of diplomacy and compromise has been replaced by the language of jihad or the struggle against the cosmic forces of evil. Life is radicalized; and all choices are polarized. Politics properly understood is eclipsed. Drury urges us to transcend the Biblical view of the world. Instead, she argues in favour of a genuinely liberal, secular and pluralistic understanding of politics.

Savage Century

Back to Barbarism

Author: Thérèse Delpech

Publisher: Carnegie Endowment

ISBN: 0870032763

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 979

At the dawn of the twentieth century, observers heralded a new era of social progress, seemingly limitless technological advances, and world peace. But within only a few years, the world was perched on the brink of war, revolution, and human misery on an unprecedented scale. Is it possible that today, in the early twenty-first century, we are on the verge of similar, tumultuous times? Blending a detailed knowledge of international security affairs with history, philosophy, psychology, and literature, Th?r?se Delpech vividly reminds us of the signs and warnings that were missed as the civilized world failed to prevent both world wars, the Holocaust, Soviet death camps, and Cambodian killing fields that made the twentieth century so deadly. Drawing a parallel between 1905 and 2005, Delpech warns that it could happen again in this current era of increasing international violence and global lawlessness. She looks ahead to imagine various scenarios and regions that could become flashpoints in the future.Winner of the 2005 Prix Femina de l'essai.Praise for the original French edition, L'EnsauvagementOne doesn't know what to admire most in this book: the precision of information, the scope of reference, the originality of the approach? OCoLe Nouvel ObservateurFrom Iranian nuclear ambitions to the Taiwan question, Delpech reviews all the situations which might lead mankind to succumb to the perennial temptation of savageryOCoa passionate and lucid book. OCoL'argus de la presseL'ensauvagement transcends its surface content, articulating great hope that our reason and will might take hold and overcome unreason. OCoPolitique ?trang?reCombining introspection and prediction, geopolitics and philosophy, Th?r?se Delpech has issued a warning cry. OCoPolitique Internationale"

Civilization and Barbarism

Illustrated by Especial Reference to Metacomet and the Extinction of His Race

Author: Frederick Freeman

Publisher: N.A


Category: King Philip's War, 1675-1676

Page: 186

View: 4706