The discovery of the asylum

Social Order and Disorder in the New Republic

Author: David J. Rothman

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202365534

Category: Psychology

Page: 376

View: 9364

This text poses the question why Americans, beginning in the 1820s and 1830s, simultaneously and confidently constructed prisons, insane asylums, reformatories and almshouses to confine and treat their deviant and dependent population. In his introduction, Rothman examines the reasons that this question is now one of the core concerns of European and American social history; analyzes the many imaginative answers that have been proposed; and evaluates their strengths and weaknesses.

Insanity and Insane Asylums

Author: Edward Jarvis

Publisher: N.A


Category: Insanity (Law)

Page: 40

View: 797

Insanity and Insane Asylums was first printed in the Western Medical Journal, principally to call attention to the curability of this disorder and to show what may be done for the mentally ill, here as well as elsewhere.

Asylums and after

a revised history of the mental health services : from the early 18th century to the 1990s

Author: Kathleen Jones

Publisher: Athlone Pr

ISBN: 9780485120912

Category: Medical

Page: 306

View: 3726


Asylums, Mental Health Care and the Irish


Author: Pauline M. Prior

Publisher: Irish Academic Press

ISBN: 1911024620

Category: History

Page: 355

View: 7673

This book is a collection of studies on mental health services in Ireland from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the present day. Essays cover overall trends in patient numbers, an exploration of the development of mental health law in Ireland, and studies on individual hospitals – all of which provide incredible insight into times past and yet speak volumes about mental health in contemporary Irish society. Topics include the famous nursing strike at Monaghan Asylum in 1919, when a red flag was raised over the building; extracts from Speedwell, a hospital newsletter, showing the social and sporting life at Holywell Hospital during the 1960s; an exploration of diseases such as beriberi and tuberculosis at Dundrum and the Richmond in the 1890s; the problems encountered by doctors in Ballinasloe Asylum as they tried to exert their authority over the Governors; and the experiences of Irish emigrants who found themselves in asylums in Australia and New Zealand. The book also includes a discussion of mental health services in Ireland 1959–2010, the first time such a chronology has been published. The editor, Pauline Prior, and the contributors, including Brendan Kelly, Dermot Walsh, Elizabeth Malcolm and E.M. Crawford, are well-known scholars within the disciplines of medicine, sociology and history, coming together for the first time to present an essential book on the history of mental health services in Ireland.


Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351327747

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 3134

A total institution is defined by Goffman as a place of residence and work where a large number of like-situated, individuals, cut off from the wider society for an appreciable period of time, together lead an enclosed, formally administered round of life. Prisons serve as a clear example, providing we appreciate that what is prison-like about prisons is found in institutions whose members have broken no laws. This volume deals with total institutions in general and, mental hospitals, in particular. The main focus is, on the world of the inmate, not the world of the staff. A chief concern is to develop a sociological version of the structure of the self. Each of the essays in this book were intended to focus on the same issue--the inmate's situation in an institutional context. Each chapter approaches the central issue from a different vantage point, each introduction drawing upon a different source in sociology and having little direct relation to the other chapters. This method of presenting material may be irksome, but it allows the reader to pursue the main theme of each paper analytically and comparatively past the point that would be allowable in chapters of an integrated book. If sociological concepts are to be treated with affection, each must be traced back to where it best applies, followed from there wherever it seems to lead, and pressed to disclose the rest of its family.

A Space of Their Own: The Archaeology of Nineteenth Century Lunatic Asylums in Britain, South Australia and Tasmania

Author: Susan Piddock

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387733868

Category: Medical

Page: 265

View: 1139

Employing the considerable archaeological and historical skills in her armory, Susan Piddock tries to lift the lid on the lunatic asylums of years gone by. Films and television programs have portrayed them as places of horror where the patients are restrained and left to listen to the cries of their fellow inmates in despair. But what was the world of nineteenth century lunatic asylums really like? Are these images true, or are we laboring under a misunderstanding?

Theaters of Madness

Insane Asylums and Nineteenth-Century American Culture

Author: Benjamin Reiss

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226709655

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 317

In the mid-1800s, a utopian movement to rehabilitate the insane resulted in a wave of publicly funded asylums—many of which became unexpected centers of cultural activity. Housed in magnificent structures with lush grounds, patients participated in theatrical programs, debating societies, literary journals, schools, and religious services. Theaters of Madness explores both the culture these rich offerings fomented and the asylum’s place in the fabric of nineteenth-century life, reanimating a time when the treatment of the insane was a central topic in debates over democracy, freedom, and modernity. Benjamin Reiss explores the creative lives of patients and the cultural demands of their doctors. Their frequently clashing views turned practically all of American culture—from blackface minstrel shows to the works of William Shakespeare—into a battlefield in the war on insanity. Reiss also shows how asylums touched the lives and shaped the writing of key figures, such as Emerson and Poe, who viewed the system alternately as the fulfillment of a democratic ideal and as a kind of medical enslavement. Without neglecting this troubling contradiction, Theaters of Madness prompts us to reflect on what our society can learn from a generation that urgently and creatively tried to solve the problem of mental illness.

Prisons, Asylums, and the Public

Institutional Visiting in the Nineteenth Century

Author: Janet Miron

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802095135

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 1655

The prisons and asylums of Canada and the United States were a popular destination for institutional tourists in the nineteenth-century. Thousands of visitors entered their walls, recording and describing the interiors, inmates, and therapeutic and reformative practices they encountered in letters, diaries, and articles. Surprisingly, the vast majority of these visitors were not members of the medical or legal elite but were ordinary people. Prisons, Asylums, and the Public argues that, rather than existing in isolation, these institutions were closely connected to the communities beyond their walls. Challenging traditional interpretations of public visiting, Janet Miron examines the implications and imperatives of visiting from the perspectives of officials, the public, and the institutionalized. Finding that institutions could be important centres of civic activity, self-edification, and 'scientific' study, Prisons, Asylums, and the Public sheds new light on popular nineteenth-century attitudes towards the insane and the criminal.

Closing the Asylums

Causes and Consequences of the Deinstitutionalization Movement

Author: George Paulson, M.D.

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 078649266X

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 7227

One of the most significant medical and social initiatives of the twentieth century was the demolition of the traditional state hospitals that housed most of the mentally ill, and the placement of the patients out into the community. The causes of this deinstitutionalization included both idealism and legal pressures, newly effective medications, the establishment of nursing and group homes, the woeful inadequacy of the aging giant hospitals, and an attitudinal change that emphasized environmental and social factors, not organic ones, as primarily responsible for mental illness. Though closing the asylums promised more freedom for many, encouraged community acceptance and enhanced outpatient opportunities, there were unintended consequences: increased homelessness, significant prison incarcerations of the mentally ill, inadequate community support or governmental funding. This book is written from the point of view of an academic neurologist who has served 60 years as an employee or consultant in typical state mental institutions in North Carolina and Ohio.

Cure, Comfort and Safe Custody

Public Lunatic Asylums in Early Nineteenth-Century England

Author: Leonard Smith

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780718500948

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 1479

Explores the evolving tensions between the three objectives of the English mental asylum from 1808 to 1845: custody, cure, and comfort. Smith (arts and social sciences, U. of Birmingham, UK) finds that the implicit goal of custody, evidenced in penitentiary-style regimes, was gradually superseded by an Enlightenment-tempered movement towards cure. However, eventually the flaws in the system led to an overcrowding by ever larger numbers of physically deteriorated, aging people, and the emphasis switched to comfort.

"Moderne" Anstaltspsychiatrie im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert

Legitimation und Kritik

Author: Heiner Fangerau,Karen Nolte

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515088053

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 850

Die enge Beziehung zwischen Legitimation und Kritik in der historischen Ara der amoderneno Anstaltspsychiatrie steht im Mittelpunkt dieses Sammelbandes. Die Analysen beschranken sich dabei nicht auf die Psychiatriekritik von Nicht-Psychiatern an der Einschlieaungspraxis und den Verhaltnissen in psychiatrischen Anstalten, sondern erweitern die Perspektive auf die zeitgenossische (selbst)kritische Auseinandersetzung mit Psychiatrischer Wissenschaft und Wissensgenerierung. Die kritische Auseinandersetzung verschiedener Offentlichkeiten mit der psychiatrischen Profession, ihrer Wissenschaft und ihren Institutionen sowie zuletzt die subjektiven Erfahrungen von Patienten mit der Psychiatrie runden das Spektrum ab. Inhalt Karen Nolte / Heiner Fangerau: Einleitung: aModerneo Anstaltspsychiatrie im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert - Legitimation und Kritik Vormoderne Psychiatrie: Christina Vanja: Nur afinstere und unsaubere Clostergangeo? - Die hessischen Hohen Hospitaler in der Kritik reisender Aufklarer Fritz Dross: a...die Gemuese konnten fueglich irgendwo anders gereinigt werdeno - Beobachtungen zur Geschichte der Anstalt als Irren- und als Krankenhaus oModerneo Anstaltspsychiatrie: Alexandra Chmielewski: Norm und Autonomie. Legitimierungsstrategien sueddeutscher Anstaltspsychiater in der ersten Halfte des 19. Jahrhunderts Emese Lafferton: What the Files Reveal. The Social Make-Up of Public Mental Asylums in Hungary, 1860s-1910s Christian Mueller: Heilanstalt oder Sicherungsanstalt? Die Unterbringung geisteskranker Rechtsbrecher als Herausforderung der Anstaltspsychiatrie im Deutschen Kaiserreich Peter Sandner: Auf der Suche nach dem Zukunftsprojekt. Die NS-Leitwissenschaft Psychiatrie und ihre Legitimationskrise Petra Lutz: Herz und Vernunft. Angehorige von aEuthanasieo-Opfern im Schriftwechsel mit den Anstalten Psychiatrisches Wissen und Kritik: Brigitta Bernet: Assoziationsstorung. Zum Wechselverhaltnis von Krankheits- und Gesellschaftsdeutung im Werk Eugen Bleulers (1857-1939) Astrid Ley: Psychiatriekritik durch Psychiater. Sozialreformerische und professionspolitische Ziele des Erlanger Anstaltsdirektors Gustav Kolb (1870-1938) Torger Moller: Die psychiatrische Kritik an gesellschaftlichen Vorurteilen als medizinische Legitimationsstrategie Psychiatrie und Offentlichkeit: Marietta Meier: Der eFall Hagi' am Zuercher Burgholzli: Zur Reaktion von Psychiatrie und Behorden auf Kritik an staatlichen Anstalten Heinz-Peter Schmiedebach: aZerqualte Ergebnisse einer Dichterseeleo - Literarische Kritik, Psychiatrie und Offentlichkeit um 1900 Urs Germann: Arbeit, Ruhe und Ordnung: Die Inszenierung der psychiatrischen Moderne Bildmediale Legitimationsstrategien der schweizerischen Anstaltspsychiatrie im Kontext der Arbeit- und Beschaftigungstherapie in der Zwischenkriegszeit Thorsten Noack: Uber Kaninchen und Giftschlangen - Psychiatrie und Offentlichkeit in der fruehen Bundesrepublik Deutschland Cornelia Brink: aKeine Angst vor dem Psychiater.o Psychiatrie, Psychiatriekritik und Offentlichkeit in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland(1960 - 1980) Patientenperspektive: Thomas Roske: aUnschuldig hier eingesperrt und ausgepluenderto - Das gestickte aStaats-Albumo der Emma Mohr aus Erfurt Heiner Fangerau: aGeraucherte Suelze, mit Schwarten durchsetzt, teilweise kaum genieabarao - Patientenkritik und arztliche Reaktion in der Volksnervenheilstatte 1903-1932 Karen Nolte: Querulantenwahnsinn - oEigensinno oder aIrrsinno ?.

The Architecture of Madness

Insane Asylums in the United States

Author: Carla Yanni

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816649396

Category: Medical

Page: 191

View: 5258

Printbegrænsninger: Der kan printes 10 sider ad gangen og max. 40 sider pr. session

Abandoned Insane Asylums

Author: Dinah Williams

Publisher: Bearport Publishing

ISBN: 1597165751

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 3627

Discusses tales of the mistreatment that took place in eleven asylums and unexplainable phenomena that occurred in some of them.