Astrophysics of Gaseous Nebulae and Active Galactic Nuclei

Author: Donald E. Osterbrock,G. J. Ferland

Publisher: University Science Books

ISBN: 9781891389344

Category: Science

Page: 461

View: 9080

Thoroughly revised and expanded throughout, the new edition is a graduate-level text and reference book on gaseous nebulae, nova and supernova remnants. Much of the new data and new images are from the Hubble Space Telescope with two wholly new chapters being added along with other new features. The previous edition which was tried and tested for thirty years has now been succeeded by a revised, updated, larger edition, which will be valuable to anyone seriously interested in astrophysics.
Release

Der neue Kosmos

Einführung in die Astronomie und Astrophysik

Author: Albrecht Unsöld,Bodo Baschek

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662065290

Category: Science

Page: 580

View: 8001

Der neue Kosmos bietet in überschaubarem Umfang eine zusammenhängende Einführung in das Gesamtgebiet der Astronomie und Astrophysik. Der korrigierte und erweiterte Nachdruck trägt dem rasanten Fortschritt der astronomischen Forschung und Beobachtungsmöglichkeiten in den zwei Jahren seit dem ersten Erscheinen der 7. Auflage Rechnung. Die wichtigsten neuen Ergebnisse, vor allem bei unserem Planetensystem, bei der Neutrinostrahlung der Sonne, bei den fernsten Galaxien und Quasaren sowie bei der Entwicklung des Universums werden berücksichtigt.
Release

An Introduction to Active Galactic Nuclei

Author: Bradley M. Peterson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521479110

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 6332

The first comprehensive graduate-level textbook on one of the most dynamic areas of contemporary astronomy - the study of 'active galactic nuclei'.
Release

Active Galactic Nuclei

Saas-Fee Advanced Course 20. Lecture Notes 1990. Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy

Author: R.D. Blandford,H. Netzer,L. Woltjer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540316256

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 6346

The Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy organizes each year in the late winter or early spring an advanced course. The format of the school is always iden tical: three leading lecturers are invited to cover the subject in nine or ten lectures each and to deliver a written version of their lecture notes. Lectures are held in the morning and late afternoon, thus leaving ample time for discussion and skiing. These arrangements prove very convivial and lead to an excellent atmosphere in which to learn exciting new subjects and establish contacts with colleagues. A wide variety of people attend the school, including many young students, mostly from Europe, and some experienced researchers. The 20th Advanced Course of the Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy took place in Les Diablerets from 1 to 6 April 1990. It was devoted to observational and theoretical aspects of active galactic nuclei. The previous advanced courses of the Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy have regularly taken place in Saas-Fee, a small resort in the Swiss Alps, hence the name "Saas-Fee" used to de scribe the courses and lecture notes. In the last three years, however, the course was organized in Leysin and in Les Diablerets, both also situated in the Swiss Alps.
Release

Einführung in die Extragalaktische Astronomie und Kosmologie

Author: Peter Schneider

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540305890

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 6528

In diesem kompetent geschriebenen Lehrbuch wird, ausgehend von der Beschreibung unserer Milchstraße, die Astronomie der Galaxien und ihrer großräumigen Verteilung eingehend dargestellt und schließlich im kosmologischen Kontext diskutiert. Aufbauend auf eine Einführung in die moderne beobachtende und theoretische Kosmologie wird die Entstehung von Strukturen und astronomischen Objekten im frühen Universum besprochen.
Release

The Road to Galaxy Formation

Author: William C. Keel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540725350

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 6077

The formation of galaxies is one of the greatest puzzles in astronomy, the solution is shrouded in the depths of space and time, but has profound implications for the universe we observe today. This book discusses the beginnings of the process from cosmological observations and calculations. It examines the different theories of galaxy formation and shows where each theory either succeeds or fails in explaining what we actually observe. In addition, the book looks ahead to what we may expect to uncover about the epoch of galaxy formation from the new and upcoming generations of telescopes and technology.
Release

Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology

An Introduction

Author: Peter Schneider

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 364254083X

Category: Science

Page: 626

View: 9861

This second edition has been updated and substantially expanded. Starting with the description of our home galaxy, the Milky Way, this cogently written textbook introduces the reader to the astronomy of galaxies, their structure, active galactic nuclei, evolution and large scale distribution in the Universe. After an extensive and thorough introduction to modern observational and theoretical cosmology, the focus turns to the formation of structures and astronomical objects in the early Universe. The basics of classical astronomy and stellar astrophysics needed for extragalactic astronomy are provided in the appendix. While this book has grown out of introductory university courses on astronomy and astrophysics and includes a set of problems and solutions, it will not only benefit undergraduate students and lecturers; thanks to the comprehensive coverage of the field, even graduate students and researchers specializing in related fields will appreciate it as a valuable reference work.
Release

Black Hole Astrophysics

The Engine Paradigm

Author: David L. Meier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642019366

Category: Science

Page: 927

View: 2803

As a result of significant research over the past 20 years, black holes are now linked to some of the most spectacular and exciting phenomena in the Universe, ranging in size from those that have the same mass as stars to the super-massive objects that lie at the heart of most galaxies, including our own Milky Way. This book first introduces the properties of simple isolated holes, then adds in complications like rotation, accretion, radiation, and magnetic fields, finally arriving at a basic understanding of how these immense engines work. Black Hole Astrophysics • reviews our current knowledge of cosmic black holes and how they generate the most powerful observed pheonomena in the Universe; • highlights the latest, most up-to-date theories and discoveries in this very active area of astrophysical research; • demonstrates why we believe that black holes are responsible for important phenomena such as quasars, microquasars and gammaray bursts; • explains to the reader the nature of the violent and spectacular outfl ows (winds and jets) generated by black hole accretion.
Release

Doing Honest Work in College

How to Prepare Citations, Avoid Plagiarism, and Achieve Real Academic Success, Second Edition

Author: Charles Lipson

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022609880X

Category: Reference

Page: 202

View: 2549

Since its publication in 2004, Doing Honest Work in College has become an integral part of academic integrity and first-year experience programs across the country. This helpful guide explains the principles of academic integrity in a clear, straightforward way and shows students how to apply them in all academic situations—from paper writing and independent research to study groups and lab work. Teachers can use this book to open a discussion with their students about these difficult issues. Students will find a trusted resource for citation help whether they are studying comparative literature or computer science. Every major reference style is represented. Most important of all, many universities that adopt this book report a reduction in cheating and plagiarism on campus. For this second edition, Charles Lipson has updated hundreds of examples and included many new media sources. There is now a full chapter on how to take good notes and use them properly in papers and assignments. The extensive list of citation styles incorporates guidelines from the American Anthropological Association. The result is the definitive resource on academic integrity that students can use every day. “Georgetown’s entering class will discover that we actually have given them what we expect will be a very useful book, Doing Honest Work in College. It will be one of the first things students see on their residence hall desks when they move in, and we hope they will realize how important the topic is.”—James J. O’Donnell, Provost, Georgetown University “A useful book to keep on your reference shelf.”—Bonita L. Wilcox, English Leadership Quarterly
Release

Der neue Kosmos

Author: A. Unsöld,B. Baschek

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662065339

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 7913

Release

A Companion to Astronomy and Astrophysics

Chronology and Glossary with Data Tables

Author: Kenneth R. Lang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387333673

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 7732

Astronomy and Astrophysics is a comprehensive, fundamental, and up-to-date reference book. It is filled with vital information and basic facts for amateur astronomers and professional astrophysicists, and for anyone interested in the Universe, from the Earth and other planets to the stars, galaxies and beyond. An exceptionally thorough Index cross-references concepts, discoveries and individuals in both the Timeline section and Dictionary section. The combined result is a unique stand-alone reference volume in which the reader can quickly locate information, while also discovering new and unexpected knowledge.
Release

Spectroscopy of Astrophysical Plasmas

Author: A. Dalgarno

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521269278

Category: Science

Page: 357

View: 8736

A group of acknowledged experts describe the use of spectroscopy as a diagnostic probe of astronomical environments. The broad sweep of the book enables good coverage to be given to all the situations in which plasmas are encounteres in astronomical investigations. Specifically, the articles include quasars, Seyfert galaxies, active galactic nuclei, the solar chromosphere and corona, galactic HII regions, circumstellar shells, interstellar gas, supernova remnants and interstellar clouds. The book includes an account of the basic aspects of spectroscopy in a chapter on laboratory astrophysics. The book was stimulated by the extraordinary contributions to astronomical spectroscopy of Leo Goldberg, and is dedicated to him. Throughout, this book is written with the needs of students in astronomy and astrophysics in mind. Each chapter includes a summary or conclusions about the future direction of research. Furthermore there are extensive bibliographies. This textbook is therefore an excellent introduction to research in astrophysics and it will act as a pathfinder to the primary literature.
Release

The Analysis of Emission Lines

Author: Robert Williams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521675604

Category: Science

Page: 236

View: 8571

What can emission lines tell us about an astrophysical object? A workshop at the Space Telescope Science Institute was dedicated to address just this question – for a host of objects (including planetary nebulae and active galactic nuclei) across a broad range of wavelengths (from the infrared through to gamma-rays). Thirteen review articles from internationally renowned experts are presented in this volume. They provide an edited and coherent overview of the latest technical data, techniques in and applications of the study of emission lines from a variety of objects. Chapters include the theory of radiative transfer, photoionising shocks, and emission lines from stellar winds, as well as useful summaries of abundance determinations, atomic data, and diagnostics for IR, UV, gamma-ray and molecular lines. Together these review articles provide an overview of the analysis of emission lines. They summarise current knowledge, highlight outstanding problems and provide focus for fruitful future research. In this way they provide an excellent introduction for graduate students and reference for professionals.
Release

Springer Handbook of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

Author: Gordon W. F. Drake

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038726308X

Category: Science

Page: 1504

View: 6465

Comprises a comprehensive reference source that unifies the entire fields of atomic molecular and optical (AMO) physics, assembling the principal ideas, techniques and results of the field. 92 chapters written by about 120 authors present the principal ideas, techniques and results of the field, together with a guide to the primary research literature (carefully edited to ensure a uniform coverage and style, with extensive cross-references). Along with a summary of key ideas, techniques, and results, many chapters offer diagrams of apparatus, graphs, and tables of data. From atomic spectroscopy to applications in comets, one finds contributions from over 100 authors, all leaders in their respective disciplines. Substantially updated and expanded since the original 1996 edition, it now contains several entirely new chapters covering current areas of great research interest that barely existed in 1996, such as Bose-Einstein condensation, quantum information, and cosmological variations of the fundamental constants. A fully-searchable CD- ROM version of the contents accompanies the handbook.
Release

Physics of Active Galactic Nuclei at all Scales

Author: Danielle Alloin,Rachel Johnson,Paulina Lira

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 354034621X

Category: Science

Page: 234

View: 4462

This book contains a collection of lecture notes written by recognized experts in the field of Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN). The collection is aimed at providing both an introduction and at the same time an overview of the state-of-the-art of AGN research. This book also addresses the still not entirely understood link of an AGN with its host galaxy and also the related question of the birth and growth of massive black holes in the Universe.
Release

Walter Baade

A Life in Astrophysics

Author: Donald E. Osterbrock,Walter Baade

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691049366

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 270

View: 5877

Although less well known outside the field than Edwin Hubble, Walter Baade was arguably the most influential observational astronomer of the twentieth century. Written by a fellow astronomer deeply familiar with Baade and his work, this is the first biography of this major figure in American astronomy. In it, Donald Osterbrock suggests that Baade's greatest contribution to astrophysics was not, as is often contended, his revision of Hubble's distance and age scales for the universe. Rather, it was his discovery of two distinct stellar populations: old and young stars. This discovery opened wide the previously marginal fields of stellar and galactic evolution--research areas that would be among the most fertile and exciting in all of astrophysics for decades to come. Baade was born, educated, and gained his early research experience in Germany. He came to the United States in 1931 as a staff member of Mount Wilson Observatory, which housed the world's largest telescope. There, he pioneered research on supernovae. With the 100-inch telescope, he studied globular clusters and the structure of the Milky Way, every step leading him closer to the population concept he discovered during the wartime years, when the skies of southern California were briefly darkened. Most Mount Wilson astronomers were working on weapons-development crash programs devoted to bringing Baade's native country to its knees, while he, formally an enemy alien in their midst, was confined to Los Angeles County but had almost unlimited use of the most powerful telescope in the world. After his great discovery, Baade continued his research with the new 200-inch telescope at Palomar. Always respected and well liked, he became even more famous among astronomers as they shifted their research to the fields he had opened. Publicity-shy and seemingly unconcerned with publication, however, Baade's celebrity remained largely within the field. This accomplished biography at last introduces Baade--and his important work--to a wider public, including the newest generation of skywatchers.
Release

Vor dem Anfang

Eine Geschichte des Universums

Author: Martin Rees

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3105608508

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 9170

Gibt es neben unserem noch andere Universen? Wie und wann sind sie entstanden? Welche physikalischen Gesetze herrschen dort? – Die Grundfragen der Kosmologie, beantwortet von Martin Rees, einem der renommiertesten Astronomen der Welt. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)
Release

Astrophysics of the Diffuse Universe

Author: Michael A. Dopita,Ralph S. Sutherland

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540433620

Category: Science

Page: 441

View: 1659

The reference work on astrophysics to provide a comprehensive introduction to the physics of Interstellar Matter. The objective of the book is to show how physics can be applied to the understanding and diagnosis of the phase structure, the physical conditions and the chemical make-up and evolution of the interstellar medium. Unlike other textbooks in the field, here a more systematic approach has been adopted based on the authors' lecture course experience. It is aimed primarily at those undertaking post-graduate courses, or those doing advanced projects as part of honours undergraduate courses in physics or astrophysics.
Release

Des quasars aux trous noirs

Author: Suzy Collin-Zahn

Publisher: EDP Sciences

ISBN: 2759803341

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 1381

Découverts par hasard au début des années soixante, les quasars sont les astres les plus lumineux et les plus distants de l'Univers. Leur puissance vertigineuse est produite dans une région absolument minuscule. On conçoit donc aisément combien ils ont suscité d'intérêt, tant par les phénomènes extraordinaires qui y sont en jeu, que par leurs distances qui en font des sondes de l'Univers lointain et de son passé. On a mis presque vingt ans à admettre qu'ils tiraient leur puissance de la présence d'un trou noir géant en leur sein, et encore vingt autres années à se convaincre que la plupart des galaxies, et même la Voie lactée, contiennent de tels trous noirs qui sont les cadavres des quasars du passé. L'histoire des quasars permet mieux que toute autre d'illustrer le cheminement erratique de la science. Elle montre comment une discipline finit par se structurer après un demi-siècle d'errance, pour déboucher sur un modèle physique cohérent et sur une nouvelle vision de la structuration de l'Univers et de l'évolution des galaxies.

The Physics of Astrophysics: Gas dynamics

Author: Frank H. Shu

Publisher: University Science Books

ISBN: 9780935702651

Category: Science

Page: 476

View: 7817

This two-volume text is for new graduates on astronomy courses who need to get to grips with the physics involved in the subject. Four problem sets, averaging three problems per set, accompany each volume. The problems expand on the material covered in the texts and represent the level of calculational skill needed to write scientific papers in contemporary astrophysics.
Release