Aspects of Incompleteness

Author: Per Lindström

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107167922

Category: Mathematics

Page: 142

View: 7565

Since their inception, the Perspectives in Logic and Lecture Notes in Logic series have published seminal works by leading logicians. Many of the original books in the series have been unavailable for years, but they are now in print once again. In this volume, the tenth publication in the Lecture Notes in Logic series, Per Lindström presents some of the main topics and results in general metamathematics. In addition to standard results of Gödel et al. on incompleteness, (non-)finite axiomatizability, and interpretability, this book contains a thorough treatment of partial conservativity and degrees of interpretability. It comes complete with exercises, and will be useful as a textbook for graduate students with a background in logic, as well as a valuable resource for researchers.
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Logic in Tehran

Author: Ali Enayat,Iraj Kalantari,Mojtaba Moniri

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108670008

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 9597

Since their inception, the Perspectives in Logic and Lecture Notes in Logic series have published seminal works by leading logicians. Many of the original books in the series have been unavailable for years, but they are now in print once again. This volume, the twenty-sixth publication in the Lecture Notes in Logic series, contains the proceedings of the 'Workshop and Conference on Logic, Algebra and Arithmetic' held at the Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics (IPM) in Tehran, Iran in October, 2003. These papers are mostly revised and expanded versions of those that were originally presented at the meeting and address all areas of mathematical logic. The book also includes a short history of mathematical logic in Iran.
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Inexhaustibility

a non-exhaustive treatment

Author: Torkel Franzén

Publisher: A K Peters Ltd

ISBN: 9781568811741

Category: Mathematics

Page: 251

View: 7120

Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems are among the most significant results in the foundation of mathematics. These results have a positive consequence: any system of axioms for mathematics that we recognize as correct can be properly extended by adding as a new axiom a formal statement expressing that the original system is consistent. This suggests that our mathematical knowledge is inexhaustible, an essentially philosophical topic to which this book is devoted. Basic material in predicate logic, set theory and recursion theory is presented, leading to a proof of incompleteness theorems. The inexhaustibility of mathematical knowledge is treated based on the concept of transfinite progressions of theories as conceived by Turing and Feferman. All concepts and results necessary to understand the arguments are introduced as needed, making the presentation self-contained and thorough.
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Handbook of Proof Theory

Author: S.R. Buss

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080533186

Category: Mathematics

Page: 810

View: 3481

This volume contains articles covering a broad spectrum of proof theory, with an emphasis on its mathematical aspects. The articles should not only be interesting to specialists of proof theory, but should also be accessible to a diverse audience, including logicians, mathematicians, computer scientists and philosophers. Many of the central topics of proof theory have been included in a self-contained expository of articles, covered in great detail and depth. The chapters are arranged so that the two introductory articles come first; these are then followed by articles from core classical areas of proof theory; the handbook concludes with articles that deal with topics closely related to computer science.
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The Logic of Provability

Author: George Boolos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521483254

Category: Philosophy

Page: 275

View: 5738

Boolos, a pre-eminent philosopher of mathematics, investigates the relationship between provability and modal logic.
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Aspects of Philosophical Logic

Some Logical Forays into Central Notions of Linguistics and Philosophy

Author: Uwe Mönnich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400983840

Category: Philosophy

Page: 290

View: 4305

This volume constitutes the Proceedings of a workshop on formal seman tics of natural languages which was held in Tiibingen from the 1st to the 3rd of December 1977. Its main body consists of revised versions of most of the papers presented on that occasion. Three supplementary papers (those by Gabbay and Sma by) are included because they seem to be of particular interest in their respective fields. The area covered by the work of scholars engaged in philosophical logic and the formal analysis of natural languages testifies to the live liness in those disciplines. It would have been impossible to aim at a complete documentation of relevant research within the limits imposed by a short conference whereas concentration on a single topic would have conveyed the false impression of uniformity foreign to a young and active field. It is hoped that the essays collected in this volume strike a reasonable balance between the two extremes. The topics discussed here certainly belong to the most important ones enjoying the attention of linguists and philosophers alike: the analysis of tense in formal and natural languages (van Benthem, Gabbay), the quickly expanding domain of generalized quantifiers (Goldblatt), the problem of vagueness (Kamp), the connected areas of pronominal reference (Smaby) and presupposition (von Stechow) and, last but not least, modal logic as a sort of all-embracing theoretical framework (Bressan). The workshop which led to this collection formed part of the activities celebrating the 500th anniversary of Tiibingen University.
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Godel

A Life Of Logic, The Mind, And Mathematics

Author: John L. Casti,Werner DePauli,L Casti

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 9780786747603

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 8987

Kurt Gödel was an intellectual giant. His Incompleteness Theorem turned not only mathematics but also the whole world of science and philosophy on its head. Shattering hopes that logic would, in the end, allow us a complete understanding of the universe, Gödel's theorem also raised many provocative questions: What are the limits of rational thought? Can we ever fully understand the machines we build? Or the inner workings of our own minds? How should mathematicians proceed in the absence of complete certainty about their results? Equally legendary were Gödel's eccentricities, his close friendship with Albert Einstein, and his paranoid fear of germs that eventually led to his death from self-starvation. Now, in the first book for a general audience on this strange and brilliant thinker, John Casti and Werner DePauli bring the legend to life.
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Philosophy of Mathematics

5 Questions

Author: Vincent F. Hendricks,Hannes Leitgeb

Publisher: Automatic Press Publishing

ISBN: 9788799101351

Category: Mathematics

Page: 342

View: 7864

Philosophy of Mathematics: 5 Questions is a collection of short interviews based on 5 questions presented to some of the most influential and prominent scholars in this field. We hear their views aim, scope, use, the future direction and how their work fits in these respects.
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Notes on Logic and Set Theory

Author: P. T. Johnstone

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521336925

Category: Mathematics

Page: 110

View: 1885

A succinct introduction to mathematical logic and set theory, which together form the foundations for the rigorous development of mathematics. Suitable for all introductory mathematics undergraduates, Notes on Logic and Set Theory covers the basic concepts of logic: first-order logic, consistency, and the completeness theorem, before introducing the reader to the fundamentals of axiomatic set theory. Successive chapters examine the recursive functions, the axiom of choice, ordinal and cardinal arithmetic, and the incompleteness theorems. Dr. Johnstone has included numerous exercises designed to illustrate the key elements of the theory and to provide applications of basic logical concepts to other areas of mathematics.
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Collegium Logicum

Annals of the Kurt-Gödel Society

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Automatic theorem proving

Page: N.A

View: 3697

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Kurt Gödel

Essays for his Centennial

Author: Solomon Feferman,Charles Parsons,Stephen G. Simpson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139487752

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 1705

Kurt Gödel (1906–1978) did groundbreaking work that transformed logic and other important aspects of our understanding of mathematics, especially his proof of the incompleteness of formalized arithmetic. This book on different aspects of his work and on subjects in which his ideas have contemporary resonance includes papers from a May 2006 symposium celebrating Gödel's centennial as well as papers from a 2004 symposium. Proof theory, set theory, philosophy of mathematics, and the editing of Gödel's writings are among the topics covered. Several chapters discuss his intellectual development and his relation to predecessors and contemporaries such as Hilbert, Carnap, and Herbrand. Others consider his views on justification in set theory in light of more recent work and contemporary echoes of his incompleteness theorems and the concept of constructible sets.
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Incompleteness: The Proof and Paradox of Kurt Gödel (Great Discoveries)

Author: Rebecca Goldstein

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393327604

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 296

View: 4759

A portrait of the eminent twentieth-century mathematician discusses his theorem of incompleteness, relationships with such contemporaries as Albert Einstein, and untimely death as a result of mental instability and self-starvation.
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Godel's Incompleteness Theorems

Author: Raymond M. Smullyan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195364376

Category: Computers

Page: 160

View: 3852

Kurt Godel, the greatest logician of our time, startled the world of mathematics in 1931 with his Theorem of Undecidability, which showed that some statements in mathematics are inherently "undecidable." His work on the completeness of logic, the incompleteness of number theory, and the consistency of the axiom of choice and the continuum theory brought him further worldwide fame. In this introductory volume, Raymond Smullyan, himself a well-known logician, guides the reader through the fascinating world of Godel's incompleteness theorems. The level of presentation is suitable for anyone with a basic acquaintance with mathematical logic. As a clear, concise introduction to a difficult but essential subject, the book will appeal to mathematicians, philosophers, and computer scientists.
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Recursion Theory for Metamathematics

Author: Raymond M. Smullyan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195344813

Category: Mathematics

Page: 184

View: 9128

This work is a sequel to the author's G?del's Incompleteness Theorems, though it can be read independently by anyone familiar with G?del's incompleteness theorem for Peano arithmetic. The book deals mainly with those aspects of recursion theory that have applications to the metamathematics of incompleteness, undecidability, and related topics. It is both an introduction to the theory and a presentation of new results in the field.
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A Friendly Introduction to Mathematical Logic

Author: Christopher C. Leary,Lars Kristiansen

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1942341075

Category:

Page: 380

View: 9527

At the intersection of mathematics, computer science, and philosophy, mathematical logic examines the power and limitations of formal mathematical thinking. In this expansion of Leary's user-friendly 1st edition, readers with no previous study in the field are introduced to the basics of model theory, proof theory, and computability theory. The text is designed to be used either in an upper division undergraduate classroom, or for self study. Updating the 1st Edition's treatment of languages, structures, and deductions, leading to rigorous proofs of Godel's First and Second Incompleteness Theorems, the expanded 2nd Edition includes a new introduction to incompleteness through computability as well as solutions to selected exercises."
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Mathematics and Logic

Author: Mark Kac,Stanislaw M. Ulam

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486670856

Category: Philosophy

Page: 170

View: 489

Fascinating study of the origin and nature of mathematical thought, including relation of mathematics and science, 20th-century developments, impact of computers, and more.Includes 34 illustrations. 1968 edition."
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