Artificial Knowing

Gender and the Thinking Machine

Author: Alison Adam

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134793553

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 8551

Artificial Knowing challenges the masculine slant in the Artificial Intelligence (AI) view of the world. Alison Adam admirably fills the large gap in science and technology studies by showing us that gender bias is inscribed in AI-based computer systems. Her treatment of feminist epistemology, focusing on the ideas of the knowing subject, the nature of knowledge, rationality and language, are bound to make a significant and powerful contribution to AI studies. Drawing from theories by Donna Haraway and Sherry Turkle, and using tools of feminist epistemology, Adam provides a sustained critique of AI which interestingly re-enforces many of the traditional criticisms of the AI project. Artificial Knowing is an esential read for those interested in gender studies, science and technology studies, and philosophical debates in AI.
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Artificial Identity

The Importance of Knowing Who You Are

Author: Ron Marquardt

Publisher: BookBaby

ISBN: 162675375X

Category: Religion

Page: 124

View: 792

My identity limitations, when it concerns what God says about me, are totally contingent on what I say about myself, because my heart, with very few exceptions, is the center of my self-awareness. That’s what defines me, who I say I am. Those limitations don’t come from a lack of education or economic background. When we’re born again, we are given new hearts. That’s definitely good news, but we have to renew our minds; the other part of the heart. When I talk about the heart, I want to make clear that it has two aspects. Just like our brains have a left side and a right side, the heart, according to scripture, is made up of two parts. The first part is the spirit, the pneuma, which the Bible says is “the hidden man of the heart” (1 Peter 3:4).The second part is the soul, which consists of the mind, the will, and the emotions. One of these is permanently saved—the spirit. The part that’s in the process of being saved is the soul. Our spirits were made perfect when we were born again, but the soul is being saved as we’re bathed by the rhema utterance of God, as we’re washed by the word of God. Let me put it another way. Your self-image is being developed by something. If it’s being developed by something other than what Jesus says about you, you’re left with a false sense of identity, a false sense of self. The only truth is what Jesus says about you—not what your circumstances say, not what your spouse says, not what your children say, not what your boyfriend or girlfriend says. Again: the only truth is what Jesus says about you. Believing that will make all the difference in the world and will change your relationships-all of them. Remember when I said that your relationships are determined by your identity?
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Women, Work and Computerization

Charting a Course to the Future

Author: Ellen Balka,Richard Smith

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792378648

Category: Computers

Page: 308

View: 1324

ELLENBALKA Simon Fraser University [email protected] ca 1. INTRODUCTION In developing the call for papers for the 7th International Federation of Information Processors (IFIP) Women, Work and Computerization Conference, we sought to cast our net widely. We wanted to encourage presenters to think broadly about women, work and computerization. Towards this end, the programme committee developed a call for papers that, in its final form, requested paper submissions around four related themes. These are (1) Setting the Course: Taking Stock of Where We Are and Where We're Going; (2) Charting Undiscovered Terrain: Creating Models, Tools and Theories; (3) Navigating the Unknown: Sex, Time, Space and Place, and (4) Taking the Helm: Education and Pedagogy. Our overall conference theme, 'Charting a Course to the Future' was inspired in part by Vancouver's geography, which is both coastal and mountainous. As such, navigation plays an important part in the lives of many as we seek to enjoy our environs. In addition, as the first Women, Work and Computerization conference of the new millennium, we hoped to encourage the broad community of scholars that has made past Women, Work and Computerization conferences a success to actively engage in imagining--and working towards-- a better future for women in relation to computers. The contributions to this volume are both a reflection of the hard work undertaken by many to improve the situation of women in relation to computerization, and a testament to how much work is yet to be done.
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Affect and Artificial Intelligence

Author: Elizabeth A. Wilson

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 9780295800004

Category: Computers

Page: 200

View: 1223

In 1950, Alan Turing, the British mathematician, cryptographer, and computer pioneer, looked to the future: now that the conceptual and technical parameters for electronic brains had been established, what kind of intelligence could be built? Should machine intelligence mimic the abstract thinking of a chess player or should it be more like the developing mind of a child? Should an intelligent agent only think, or should it also learn, feel, and grow? Affect and Artificial Intelligence is the first in-depth analysis of affect and intersubjectivity in the computational sciences. Elizabeth Wilson makes use of archival and unpublished material from the early years of AI (1945�70) until the present to show that early researchers were more engaged with questions of emotion than many commentators have assumed. She documents how affectivity was managed in the canonical works of Walter Pitts in the 1940s and Turing in the 1950s, in projects from the 1960s that injected artificial agents into psychotherapeutic encounters, in chess-playing machines from the 1940s to the present, and in the Kismet (sociable robotics) project at MIT in the 1990s.
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The Quest for Artificial Intelligence

Author: Nils J. Nilsson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139642820

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 9533

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a field within computer science that is attempting to build enhanced intelligence into computer systems. This book traces the history of the subject, from the early dreams of eighteenth-century (and earlier) pioneers to the more successful work of today's AI engineers. AI is becoming more and more a part of everyone's life. The technology is already embedded in face-recognizing cameras, speech-recognition software, Internet search engines, and health-care robots, among other applications. The book's many diagrams and easy-to-understand descriptions of AI programs will help the casual reader gain an understanding of how these and other AI systems actually work. Its thorough (but unobtrusive) end-of-chapter notes containing citations to important source materials will be of great use to AI scholars and researchers. This book promises to be the definitive history of a field that has captivated the imaginations of scientists, philosophers, and writers for centuries.
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Cyberfeminism and Artificial Life

Author: Sarah Kember

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134551924

Category: Computers

Page: 272

View: 9111

Cyberfeminism and Artificial Life examines the construction, manipulation and re-definition of life in contemporary technoscientific culture. It takes a critical political view of the concept of life as information, tracing this through the new biology and the discourse of genomics as well as through the changing discipline of artificial life and its manifestation in art, language, literature, commerce and entertainment. From cloning to computer games, and incorporating an analysis of hardware, software and 'wetware', Sarah Kember extends current understanding by demonstrating the ways in which this relatively marginal field connects with, and connects up global networks of information systems. Ultimately, this book aims to re-focus concern on the ethics rather than on the 'nature' of life-as-it-could-be.
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Morality and Machines

Perspectives on Computer Ethics

Author: Stacey L. Edgar

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763717674

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 522

View: 9845

Morality and Machines, Second Edition examines the moral issues that emerge from the influence of computers and technology on society today. The text provides an ethical foundation upon which readers can develop informed opinions about software piracy, computer crimes, artificial intelligence and more. With in-depth analysis of current moral and social problems, this text is an ideal resource for readers interested in philosophy, technological sciences, and computer ethics. This book is unique in that it takes seriously the need to lay a sound ethical basis for dealing with the technology of computers. The first two chapters of the book take on various positions that challenge the possibility of ethics and meet them head-on with counterarguments. The possibility of a viable ethics having been defended, Chapter 3 examines the most promising approaches to ethics, so that the explorer in the new realm with have appropriate tools and, if necessary, weapons at hand. At the end of the chapter, suggestions are given for approaching any ethical problem. Once armed, the adventurer is ready to investigate the various parts of the new country, described in the remaining chapters of the book.
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Feminism and International Relations

Conversations about the Past, Present and Future

Author: J. Ann Tickner,Laura Sjoberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136724788

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 9055

Feminist International Relations scholarship in the United States recently celebrated its 20th anniversary. Over those years, feminist researchers have made substantial progress concerning the question of how gender matters in global politics, global economics, and global culture. The progress has been noted both in the academic field of international relations and, increasingly, in the policy world. Celebrating these achievements, this book constructs conversations about the history, present state of, and future of feminist International Relations as a field across subfields of IR, continents, and generations of scholars. Providing an overview and assessment of what it means to "gender" IR in the 21st century, the volume has a unique format: it features a series of intellectual conversations, presenting cutting-edge research in the field, with provocative comments from senior scholars. It examines issues including global governance, the United Nations, war, peace, security, science, beauty, and human rights and addresses key questions including: What does viewing the diverse problems of global politics through gendered lenses look like in the 21st Century? How do feminisms accommodate differences in culture, race, and religion? How do feminist theoretical and policy analyses fit together? These conversations about feminist IR are accessible to non-specialist audiences and will be of interest to students and scholars of Gender Studies, Feminist Politics and International Relations.
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Sexing Code

Subversion, Theory and Representation

Author: Claudia Herbst

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443810568

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 7916

Critically investigating the gender of programming in popular culture, Sexing Code proposes that the de facto representation of technical ability serves to perpetuate the age-old association of the male with intellect and reason, while identifying the female with the body. Challenging this division, in which code is situated within the male sphere, the discussion highlights women¹s contributions in the writing and theorizing of code, particularly in the digital arts, hacking, and hacktivism. Presenting an accessible and lively discussion, Sexing Code demonstrates that the gendering of programming selectively confers the privilege of authorship and is therefore a salient factor in the production of culture in the twenty-first century.
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Alchemical Psychology

Old Recipes for Living in a New World

Author: Thom F. Cavalli

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101143614

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 315

Alchemical practices have been reborn in our contemporary world under the rubric of Jungianism, transpersonal psychology, or depth psychology. But in Alchemical Psychology, Thom F. Cavalli, Ph.D., takes us directly to the source—and on a wonderful adventure into the true nature of our hearts and minds. In a book that sparkles with verve, life, and practicality, Dr. Cavalli explains how alchemy was one of humankind’s earliest efforts to transform the nature of consciousness. What little-known or underground arts did alchemists practice in pursuit of self-transformation—and how can they enrich us today? Using the same practices that he employs with patients, Dr. Cavalli offers readers a plethora of personal exercises that, among other things, enables them to “type” themselves according to ancient alchemical identifiers of nature and personality. He then provides practices that can help free them from the grip of familiar problems and foster true personal growth. Beautifully illustrated with medieval prints from the alchemical tradition, Alchemical Psychology gives readers both a richer understanding of their own natures and of the traditions on which many of our modern therapies are based.
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Gendered Bodies and New Technologies

Rethinking Embodiment in a Cyber-era

Author: Amanda du Preez

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443815411

Category: Social Science

Page: 215

View: 4576

In this era of ubiquitous information flow, heightened mobility and limitless consumer convenience, human interaction with new technologies has become increasingly seamless. In the process, the human body is effectively and steadily reduced to just another interface, or a “second life”, so to speak. What is easily forgotten during this translucent transaction is that being human also necessarily implies being embodied. In other words, to constitute a body in its non-negotiable physicality is still what it entails to be human (amongst other things). To live daily in and through the complicated and dynamic intersection between “mind” and “body”, psychology and physiology―also known as embodiment―is what makes us human.
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Women, Feminism and Media

Author: Prof. Sue Thornham

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748629289

Category: Art

Page: 184

View: 9626

Over the past few decades feminist media scholarship has flourished, to become a major influence on the fields of media, film and cultural studies. At the same time, the cultural shift towards 'post-feminism' has raised questions about the continuing validity of feminism as a defining term for this work. This book explores the changing and often ambivalent relationship between the three terms women, feminism and media in the light of these recent debates. At the same time it places them within the broader discussions within feminist theory - about subjectivity, identity, culture, and narrative - of which they have formed a crucial part.The book is organised around four key topic areas. 'Fixing into Images' offers a rethinking of one of the first preoccupations of feminist media analysis: the relationship between women and images. 'Narrating Femininity' explores the narratives of femininity produced in media texts in the light of theories of narrative and identity. 'Real Women' examines both the continuing absence of women's voices from the genres of news and documentary, and their over-presence within popular 'reality' media forms. Finally, 'Technologies of Difference' examines the relationship between feminism, women and new media technologies. Throughout, the book explores key issues within feminist media studies both through specific examples and via critical engagement with the work of major theoretical writers. Features*A completely up-to-date study of the key areas of issue and debate in feminist media studies.*Includes case studies and discussion of the work of key writers in the field.*Contains readings of specific texts, ranging from news and advertising to reality TV and 'postfeminist' TV drama.
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Rethinking Women + Cyberculture

Author: Mary Flanagan,Austin Booth

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262561501

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 581

View: 3608

An anthology of feminist cyberfiction and theoretical and critical writings on gender and technoculture.
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Artificial Happiness

The Dark Side of the New Happy Class

Author: Ronald W. Dworkin

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 9780786719334

Category: Psychology

Page: 343

View: 3016

Reveals the dark side of the staggering rise in antidepressant prescription, alternative medicine, etc.
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Bayesian Artificial Intelligence, Second Edition

Author: Kevin B. Korb,Ann E. Nicholson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439815925

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 491

View: 3872

Updated and expanded, Bayesian Artificial Intelligence, Second Edition provides a practical and accessible introduction to the main concepts, foundation, and applications of Bayesian networks. It focuses on both the causal discovery of networks and Bayesian inference procedures. Adopting a causal interpretation of Bayesian networks, the authors discuss the use of Bayesian networks for causal modeling. They also draw on their own applied research to illustrate various applications of the technology. New to the Second Edition New chapter on Bayesian network classifiers New section on object-oriented Bayesian networks New section that addresses foundational problems with causal discovery and Markov blanket discovery New section that covers methods of evaluating causal discovery programs Discussions of many common modeling errors New applications and case studies More coverage on the uses of causal interventions to understand and reason with causal Bayesian networks Illustrated with real case studies, the second edition of this bestseller continues to cover the groundwork of Bayesian networks. It presents the elements of Bayesian network technology, automated causal discovery, and learning probabilities from data and shows how to employ these technologies to develop probabilistic expert systems. Web Resource The book’s website at www.csse.monash.edu.au/bai/book/book.html offers a variety of supplemental materials, including example Bayesian networks and data sets. Instructors can email the authors for sample solutions to many of the problems in the text.
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In Our Own Image: Savior or Destroyer? The History and Future of Artificial Intelligence

Author: George Zarkadakis

Publisher: Pegasus Books

ISBN: 1681771071

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 9669

A timely and important book that explores the history and future, as well as the societal and ethical implications, of Artificial Intelligence as we approach the cusp of a fourth industrial revolution Zarkadakis explores one of humankind's oldest love-hate relationships—our ties with artificial intelligence, or AI. He traces AI's origins in ancient myth, through literary classics like Frankenstein, to today's sci-fi blockbusters, arguing that a fascination with AI is hardwired into the human psyche. He explains AI's history, technology, and potential; its manifestations in intelligent machines; its connections to neurology and consciousness, as well as—perhaps most tellingly—what AI reveals about us as human beings. In Our Own Image argues that we are on the brink of a fourth industrial revolution—poised to enter the age of Artificial Intelligence as science fiction becomes science fact. Ultimately, Zarkadakis observes, the fate of AI has profound implications for the future of science and humanity itself.
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Humans Need Not Apply

A Guide to Wealth and Work in the Age of Artificial Intelligence

Author: Jerry Kaplan

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300216416

Category: Computers

Page: 256

View: 9160

After billions of dollars and fifty years of effort, researchers are finally cracking the code on artificial intelligence. As society stands on the cusp of unprecedented change, Jerry Kaplan unpacks the latest advances in robotics, machine learning, and perception powering systems that rival or exceed human capabilities. Driverless cars, robotic helpers, and intelligent agents that promote our interests have the potential to usher in a new age of affluence and leisure — but as Kaplan warns, the transition may be protracted and brutal unless we address the two great scourges of the modern developed world: volatile labor markets and income inequality. He proposes innovative, free-market adjustments to our economic system and social policies to avoid an extended period of social turmoil. His timely and accessible analysis of the promise and perils of artificial intelligence is a must-read for business leaders and policy makers on both sides of the aisle.
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Tell Me a Story

Narrative and Intelligence

Author: Roger C. Schank

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 9780810113138

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 253

View: 7217

In this study by an expert on learning and computers, the author argues that artificial intelligence must be based on real human intelligence.
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