Artificial Intelligence for Humans, Volume 3

Deep Learning and Neural Networks

Author: Jeff Heaton

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781505714340

Category:

Page: 374

View: 8944

Neural networks have been a mainstay of artificial intelligence since its earliest days. Now, exciting new technologies such as deep learning and convolution are taking neural networks in bold new directions. In this book, we will demonstrate the neural networks in a variety of real-world tasks such as image recognition and data science. We examine current neural network technologies, including ReLU activation, stochastic gradient descent, cross-entropy, regularization, dropout, and visualization.
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Artificial Intelligence for Humans, Volume 2

Nature-Inspired Algorithms

Author: Jeff Heaton

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781499720570

Category: Computers

Page: 242

View: 2645

Nature can be a great source of inspiration for artificial intelligence algorithms because its technology is considerably more advanced than our own. Among its wonders are strong AI, nanotechnology, and advanced robotics. Nature can therefore serve as a guide for real-life problem solving. In this book, you will encounter algorithms influenced by ants, bees, genomes, birds, and cells that provide practical methods for many types of AI situations. Although nature is the muse behind the methods, we are not duplicating its exact processes. The complex behaviors in nature merely provide inspiration in our quest to gain new insights about data. Artificial Intelligence for Humans is a book series meant to teach AI to those readers who lack an extensive mathematical background. The reader only needs knowledge of basic college algebra and computer programming. Additional topics are thoroughly explained. Every chapter also includes a programming example. Examples are currently provided in Java, C#, and Python. Other languages are planned. No knowledge of biology is needed to read this book. With a forward by Dave Snell.
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Introduction to Neural Networks with Java

Author: Jeff Heaton

Publisher: Heaton Research, Inc.

ISBN: 1604390085

Category: Computers

Page: 440

View: 623

Introduction to Neural Networks in Java, Second Edition, introduces the Java programmer to the world of Neural Networks and Artificial Intelligence. Neural network architectures such as the feedforward, Hopfield, and Self Organizing Map networks are discussed. Training techniques such as Backpropagation, Genetic Algorithms and Simulated Annealing are also introduced. Practical examples are given for each neural network. Examples include the Traveling Salesman problem, handwriting recognition, financial prediction, game strategy, learning mathematical functions and special application to Internet bots. All Java source code can be downloaded online.
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An Introduction to Neural Networks

Author: Kevin Gurney

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482286998

Category: Computers

Page: 234

View: 4728

Though mathematical ideas underpin the study of neural networks, the author presents the fundamentals without the full mathematical apparatus. All aspects of the field are tackled, including artificial neurons as models of their real counterparts; the geometry of network action in pattern space; gradient descent methods, including back-propagation; associative memory and Hopfield nets; and self-organization and feature maps. The traditionally difficult topic of adaptive resonance theory is clarified within a hierarchical description of its operation. The book also includes several real-world examples to provide a concrete focus. This should enhance its appeal to those involved in the design, construction and management of networks in commercial environments and who wish to improve their understanding of network simulator packages. As a comprehensive and highly accessible introduction to one of the most important topics in cognitive and computer science, this volume should interest a wide range of readers, both students and professionals, in cognitive science, psychology, computer science and electrical engineering.
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Paradigms of Artificial Intelligence Programming

Case Studies in Common Lisp

Author: Peter Norvig

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0080571158

Category: Computers

Page: 946

View: 5882

Paradigms of AI Programming is the first text to teach advanced Common Lisp techniques in the context of building major AI systems. By reconstructing authentic, complex AI programs using state-of-the-art Common Lisp, the book teaches students and professionals how to build and debug robust practical programs, while demonstrating superior programming style and important AI concepts. The author strongly emphasizes the practical performance issues involved in writing real working programs of significant size. Chapters on troubleshooting and efficiency are included, along with a discussion of the fundamentals of object-oriented programming and a description of the main CLOS functions. This volume is an excellent text for a course on AI programming, a useful supplement for general AI courses and an indispensable reference for the professional programmer.
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Programming Neural Networks with Encog 3 in Java

Author: Jeff Heaton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781604390216

Category: Computers

Page: 242

View: 3864

Beginning where our introductory neural network programing book left off, this book introduces you to Encog. Encog allows you to focus less on the actual implementation of neural networks and focus on how to use them. Encog is an advanced neural network programming framework that allows you to create a variety of neural network architectures using the Java programming language. Neural network architectures such as feedforward/perceptrons, Hopfield, Elman, Jordan, Radial Basis Function, and Self Organizing maps are all demonstrated. This book also shows how to use Encog to train neural networks using a variety of means. Several propagation techniques, such as back propagation, resilient propagation (RPROP) and the Manhattan update rule are discussed. Additionally, training with a genetic algorithm and simulated annealing is discussed as well. You will also see how to enhance training using techniques such as pruning and hybrid training.
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Exploring Neural Networks with C#

Author: Ryszard Tadeusiewicz,Rituparna Chaki,Nabendu Chaki

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498760376

Category: Computers

Page: 298

View: 1220

The utility of artificial neural network models lies in the fact that they can be used to infer functions from observations—making them especially useful in applications where the complexity of data or tasks makes the design of such functions by hand impractical. Exploring Neural Networks with C# presents the important properties of neural networks—while keeping the complex mathematics to a minimum. Explaining how to build and use neural networks, it presents complicated information about neural networks structure, functioning, and learning in a manner that is easy to understand. Taking a "learn by doing" approach, the book is filled with illustrations to guide you through the mystery of neural networks. Examples of experiments are provided in the text to encourage individual research. Online access to C# programs is also provided to help you discover the properties of neural networks. Following the procedures and using the programs included with the book will allow you to learn how to work with neural networks and evaluate your progress. You can download the programs as both executable applications and C# source code from http://home.agh.edu.pl/~tad//index.php?page=programy&lang=en
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Deep Learning Essentials

Your hands-on guide to the fundamentals of deep learning and neural network modeling

Author: Anurag Bhardwaj,Wei Di,Jianing Wei

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1785887777

Category: Computers

Page: 284

View: 7615

Get to grips with the essentials of deep learning by leveraging the power of Python Key Features Your one-stop solution to get started with the essentials of deep learning and neural network modeling Train different kinds of neural networks to tackle various problems in Natural Language Processing, computer vision, speech recognition, and more Covers popular Python libraries such as Tensorflow, Keras, and more, along with tips on training, deploying and optimizing your deep learning models in the best possible manner Book Description Deep Learning a trending topic in the field of Artificial Intelligence today and can be considered to be an advanced form of machine learning, which is quite tricky to master. This book will help you take your first steps in training efficient deep learning models and applying them in various practical scenarios. You will model, train, and deploy different kinds of neural networks such as Convolutional Neural Network, Recurrent Neural Network, and will see some of their applications in real-world domains including computer vision, natural language processing, speech recognition, and so on. You will build practical projects such as chatbots, implement reinforcement learning to build smart games, and develop expert systems for image captioning and processing. Popular Python library such as TensorFlow is used in this book to build the models. This book also covers solutions for different problems you might come across while training models, such as noisy datasets, small datasets, and more. This book does not assume any prior knowledge of deep learning. By the end of this book, you will have a firm understanding of the basics of deep learning and neural network modeling, along with their practical applications. What you will learn Get to grips with the core concepts of deep learning and neural networks Set up deep learning library such as TensorFlow Fine-tune your deep learning models for NLP and Computer Vision applications Unify different information sources, such as images, text, and speech through deep learning Optimize and fine-tune your deep learning models for better performance Train a deep reinforcement learning model that plays a game better than humans Learn how to make your models get the best out of your GPU or CPU Who this book is for Aspiring data scientists and machine learning experts who have limited or no exposure to deep learning will find this book to be very useful. If you are looking for a resource that gets you up and running with the fundamentals of deep learning and neural networks, this book is for you. As the models in the book are trained using the popular Python-based libraries such as Tensorflow and Keras, it would be useful to have sound programming knowledge of Python.
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Introduction to Neural Networks for C# (2nd Edition)

Author: Jeff Heaton

Publisher: Heaton Research Incorporated

ISBN: 9781604390094

Category: Computers

Page: 432

View: 7236

This resource introduces the C# programmer to the world of Neural Networks and Artificial Intelligence. Training techniques, such as backpropagation, genetic algorithms, and simulated annealing are also introduced.
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Deep Learning for Medical Image Analysis

Author: S. Kevin Zhou,Hayit Greenspan,Dinggang Shen

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128104090

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 458

View: 9429

Deep learning is providing exciting solutions for medical image analysis problems and is seen as a key method for future applications. This book gives a clear understanding of the principles and methods of neural network and deep learning concepts, showing how the algorithms that integrate deep learning as a core component have been applied to medical image detection, segmentation and registration, and computer-aided analysis, using a wide variety of application areas. Deep Learning for Medical Image Analysis is a great learning resource for academic and industry researchers in medical imaging analysis, and for graduate students taking courses on machine learning and deep learning for computer vision and medical image computing and analysis. Covers common research problems in medical image analysis and their challenges Describes deep learning methods and the theories behind approaches for medical image analysis Teaches how algorithms are applied to a broad range of application areas, including Chest X-ray, breast CAD, lung and chest, microscopy and pathology, etc. Includes a Foreword written by Nicholas Ayache
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Machine Learning

The New AI

Author: Ethem Alpaydin

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262529513

Category: Computers

Page: 224

View: 6278

A concise overview of machine learning -- computer programs that learn from data -- which underlies applications that include recommendation systems, face recognition, and driverless cars.
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Learning Deep Architectures for AI

Author: Yoshua Bengio

Publisher: Now Publishers Inc

ISBN: 1601982941

Category: Computers

Page: 131

View: 3567

Theoretical results suggest that in order to learn the kind of complicated functions that can represent high-level abstractions (e.g. in vision, language, and other AI-level tasks), one may need deep architectures. Deep architectures are composed of multiple levels of non-linear operations, such as in neural nets with many hidden layers or in complicated propositional formulae re-using many sub-formulae. Searching the parameter space of deep architectures is a difficult task, but learning algorithms such as those for Deep Belief Networks have recently been proposed to tackle this problem with notable success, beating the state-of-the-art in certain areas. This paper discusses the motivations and principles regarding learning algorithms for deep architectures, in particular those exploiting as building blocks unsupervised learning of single-layer models such as Restricted Boltzmann Machines, used to construct deeper models such as Deep Belief Networks.
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Artificial Intelligence By Example

Develop machine intelligence from scratch using real artificial intelligence use cases

Author: Denis Rothman

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1788990021

Category: Computers

Page: 490

View: 9686

Be an adaptive thinker that leads the way to Artificial Intelligence Key Features AI-based examples to guide you in designing and implementing machine intelligence Develop your own method for future AI solutions Acquire advanced AI, machine learning, and deep learning design skills Book Description Artificial Intelligence has the potential to replicate humans in every field. This book serves as a starting point for you to understand how AI is built, with the help of intriguing examples and case studies. Artificial Intelligence By Example will make you an adaptive thinker and help you apply concepts to real-life scenarios. Using some of the most interesting AI examples, right from a simple chess engine to a cognitive chatbot, you will learn how to tackle the machine you are competing with. You will study some of the most advanced machine learning models, understand how to apply AI to blockchain and IoT, and develop emotional quotient in chatbots using neural networks. You will move on to designing AI solutions in a simple manner rather than get confused by complex architectures and techniques. This comprehensive guide will be a starter kit for you to develop AI applications on your own. By the end of this book, will have understood the fundamentals of AI and worked through a number of case studies that will help you develop business vision. What you will learn Use adaptive thinking to solve real-life AI case studies Rise beyond being a modern-day factory code worker Acquire advanced AI, machine learning, and deep learning designing skills Learn about cognitive NLP chatbots, quantum computing, and IoT and blockchain technology Understand future AI solutions and adapt quickly to them Develop out-of-the-box thinking to face any challenge the market presents Who this book is for Artificial Intelligence by Example is a simple, explanatory, and descriptive guide for junior developers, experienced developers, technology consultants, and those interested in AI who want to understand the fundamentals of Artificial Intelligence and implement it practically by devising smart solutions. Prior experience with Python and statistical knowledge is essential to make the most out of this book.
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Neural Networks and Deep Learning

A Textbook

Author: Charu C. Aggarwal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319944630

Category: Computers

Page: 497

View: 1337

This book covers both classical and modern models in deep learning. The primary focus is on the theory and algorithms of deep learning. The theory and algorithms of neural networks are particularly important for understanding important concepts, so that one can understand the important design concepts of neural architectures in different applications. Why do neural networks work? When do they work better than off-the-shelf machine-learning models? When is depth useful? Why is training neural networks so hard? What are the pitfalls? The book is also rich in discussing different applications in order to give the practitioner a flavor of how neural architectures are designed for different types of problems. Applications associated with many different areas like recommender systems, machine translation, image captioning, image classification, reinforcement-learning based gaming, and text analytics are covered. The chapters of this book span three categories: The basics of neural networks: Many traditional machine learning models can be understood as special cases of neural networks. An emphasis is placed in the first two chapters on understanding the relationship between traditional machine learning and neural networks. Support vector machines, linear/logistic regression, singular value decomposition, matrix factorization, and recommender systems are shown to be special cases of neural networks. These methods are studied together with recent feature engineering methods like word2vec. Fundamentals of neural networks: A detailed discussion of training and regularization is provided in Chapters 3 and 4. Chapters 5 and 6 present radial-basis function (RBF) networks and restricted Boltzmann machines. Advanced topics in neural networks: Chapters 7 and 8 discuss recurrent neural networks and convolutional neural networks. Several advanced topics like deep reinforcement learning, neural Turing machines, Kohonen self-organizing maps, and generative adversarial networks are introduced in Chapters 9 and 10. The book is written for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners. Numerous exercises are available along with a solution manual to aid in classroom teaching. Where possible, an application-centric view is highlighted in order to provide an understanding of the practical uses of each class of techniques.
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Neural Network Methods in Natural Language Processing

Author: Yoav Goldberg

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 162705295X

Category: Computers

Page: 309

View: 5692

Neural networks are a family of powerful machine learning models. This book focuses on the application of neural network models to natural language data. The first half of the book (Parts I and II) covers the basics of supervised machine learning and feed-forward neural networks, the basics of working with machine learning over language data, and the use of vector-based rather than symbolic representations for words. It also covers the computation-graph abstraction, which allows to easily define and train arbitrary neural networks, and is the basis behind the design of contemporary neural network software libraries. The second part of the book (Parts III and IV) introduces more specialized neural network architectures, including 1D convolutional neural networks, recurrent neural networks, conditioned-generation models, and attention-based models. These architectures and techniques are the driving force behind state-of-the-art algorithms for machine translation, syntactic parsing, and many other applications. Finally, we also discuss tree-shaped networks, structured prediction, and the prospects of multi-task learning.
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Deep Learning for Image Processing Applications

Author: D.J. Hemanth,V. Vieira Estrela

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614998221

Category: COMPUTERS

Page: 284

View: 2704

Deep learning and image processing are two areas of great interest to academics and industry professionals alike. The areas of application of these two disciplines range widely, encompassing fields such as medicine, robotics, and security and surveillance. The aim of this book, ‘Deep Learning for Image Processing Applications’, is to offer concepts from these two areas in the same platform, and the book brings together the shared ideas of professionals from academia and research about problems and solutions relating to the multifaceted aspects of the two disciplines. The first chapter provides an introduction to deep learning, and serves as the basis for much of what follows in the subsequent chapters, which cover subjects including: the application of deep neural networks for image classification; hand gesture recognition in robotics; deep learning techniques for image retrieval; disease detection using deep learning techniques; and the comparative analysis of deep data and big data. The book will be of interest to all those whose work involves the use of deep learning and image processing techniques.
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