Applying Relational Sociology

Relations, Networks, and Society

Author: François Dépelteau,C. Powell

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113740700X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 229

View: 8769

Edited by François Depelteau and Christopher Powell, this volume and its companion, Conceptualizing Relational Sociology: Ontological and Theoretical Issues, addresses fundamental questions about what relational sociology is and how it works.
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The Palgrave Handbook of Relational Sociology

Author: François Dépelteau

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319660055

Category: Social Science

Page: 686

View: 6488

This handbook on relational sociology covers a rapidly growing approach in the social sciences—one which is connected to the interests of a large, diverse pool of researchers across a range of disciplines. Relational sociology has been one of the key foundations of the “relational turn” in human sciences since the 1980s, and it offers a unique opportunity to redefine the basic epistemological and ontological principles of sociology as we know it. The contributors collected here aim to elucidate the complexity and the scope of this growing approach by dealing with three central questions: Where does relational sociology come from and what are its principal concerns? What are the main theoretical and methodological currents within relational sociology? What have we studied in relational sociology and what are the results?
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Conceptualizing Relational Sociology

Ontological and Theoretical Issues

Author: C. Powell,F. Dépelteau

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113734265X

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 2820

Edited by François Depelteau and Christopher Powell, this volume and its companion, Applying Relational Sociology: Networks, Relations, addresses fundamental questions about what relational sociology is and how it works.
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Netzwerke in kulturpolitischen Veränderungsprozessen

Eine Analyse am Beispiel der Stiftung Historische Museen Hamburg

Author: Robert Peper

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365813996X

Category: Social Science

Page: 365

View: 1478

Robert Peper führt in diesem Buch die Netzwerkanalyse als Methode für die Untersuchung kulturpolitischer Machtstrukturen ein und geht der Frage nach, wer die Kulturlandschaft in der Großstadt gestaltet. Der Schwerpunkt dieser kultursoziologischen Analyse liegt auf der Untersuchung von Relationen, also menschlichen Beziehungen. Dafür interviewte der Autor in den Jahren 2012 und 2013 zahlreiche Hamburger Politiker, Verwaltungsbeamte, Museumsfachleute und Vertreter der Zivilgesellschaft. So konnte er die Kommunikations- und Konfliktstrukturen sichtbar machen, welche die Fortentwicklung der Hamburger Museumsstrukturen einerseits beschleunigten, andererseits aber auch blockierten.
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Social Theory Now

Author: Claudio E. Benzecry,Monika Krause,Isaac Ariail Reed

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022647531X

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 2415

The landscape of social theory has changed significantly over the three decades since the publication of Anthony Giddens and Jonathan Turner’s seminal Social Theory Today. Sociologists in the twenty-first century desperately need a new agenda centered around central questions of social theory. In Social Theory Now, Claudio E. Benzecry, Monika Krause, and Isaac Ariail Reed set a new course for sociologists, bringing together contributions from the most distinctive sociological traditions in an ambitious survey of where social theory is today and where it might be going. The book provides a strategic window onto social theory based on current research, examining trends in classical traditions and the cutting edge of more recent approaches. From distinctive theoretical positions, contributors address questions about how social order is accomplished; the role of materiality, practice, and meaning; as well as the conditions for the knowledge of the social world. The theoretical traditions presented include cultural sociology, microsociologies, world-system theory and post-colonial theory, gender and feminism, actor network and network theory, systems theory, field theory, rational choice, poststructuralism, pragmatism, and the sociology of conventions. Each chapter introduces a tradition and presents an agenda for further theoretical development. Social Theory Now is an essential tool for sociologists. It will be central to the discussion and teaching of contemporary social theory for years to come.
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Relational Sociology

A New Paradigm for the Social Sciences

Author: Pierpaolo Donati

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135273081

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 8085

‘Simultaneous invention’ has become commonplace in the natural sciences, but is still virtually unknown within the sphere of social science. The convergence of two highly compatible versions of Critical Realism from two independent sources is a striking exception. Pierpaolo Donati’s Relational Sociology develops ‘upwards’ from sociology into a Realist meta-theory, unlike Roy Baskhar’s philosophy of science that works ‘downwards’ and ‘underlabours’ for the social sciences. This book systematically introduces Donati’s Relational Sociology to an English readership for the first time since he began to advance his approach thirty years ago. In this eagerly awaited book, Pierpaolo Donati shifts the focus of sociological theory onto the relational order at all levels. He argues that society is constituted by the relations people create with one another, their emergent properties and powers, and internal and external causal effects. Relational Sociology provides a distinctive variant upon the Realist theoretical conspectus, especially because of its ability to account for social integration. It will stimulate debate amongst realists themselves and, of course, with the adversaries of realism. It is a valuable new resource for students of social theory and practising social theorists.
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Towards Relational Sociology

Author: Nick Crossley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134019351

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3351

Towards Relational Sociology argues that social worlds comprise networks of interaction and relations. Crossley asserts that relations are lived trajectories of iterated interaction, built up through a history of interaction, but also entailing anticipation of future interaction. In addition, he demonstrates how networks comprise multiple dyadic relations which are mutually transformed through their combination. On this conceptual basis he builds a relational foundation for sociology. Over the course of the book, three central sociological dichotomies are addressed - individualism/holism, structure/agency and micro/macro – and utilised as a foil against which to construct the case for relational sociology. Through this, Crossley is able to argue that neither individuals nor ‘wholes’ - in the traditional sociological sense - should take precedence in sociology. Rather sociologists should focus upon evolving and dynamic networks of interaction and relations. The book covers many of the key concepts and concerns of contemporary sociology, including identity, power, exchange and meaning. As such it is an invaluable reference tool for postgraduate students and researchers alike.
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Social Networks and Family Formation Processes

Young Adults’ Decision Making About Parenthood

Author: Sylvia Keim

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783531931739

Category: Social Science

Page: 270

View: 1793

How do young adults decide to become parents or to remain childless? Is this an individual choice, a couple’s decision or are there other social influences involved, such as social networks? Using a mixed-methods design, Sylvia Keim combines problem-centred interviews and network data collected among young adults in western Germany. The author shows that personal relations strongly influence the perceptions, attitudes, and plans individuals express concerning parenthood. She identifies basic mechanisms and channels of social influence as well as relevant network structures. This book is valuable reading for academics, students, and policy makers interested in family research, the network perspective, and mixed-methods research.
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Network Society

How Social Relations rebuild Space(s)

Author: Roberta Iannone,Emanuela Ferreri,Maria Cristina Marchetti,Laura Mariottini

Publisher: Vernon Press

ISBN: 1622730402

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 230

View: 5880

The present volume attempts to critically evaluate claims that modern society may be read and understood as a network. Accepting that this perspective holds some potential, the question becomes how to best capitalize on it. To analyze society as a network means to respond not only to the “actual needs”, but also to highlight the "opportunities" and the "utilities", and to investigate whether society is increasingly relational or just perceived as such, as e.g. digital "social networks" and related concepts exemplify. From a strictly scientific perspective to answer the question "how to" read society as a network means to ask ourselves: a) if the conceptual categories (especially the concepts of structure and exchange) and the paradigms of traditional analysis (holism and individualism, both in the functionalist and the conflictive versions) are still sufficient; b) if new conceptual categories/theories/instruments are needed to represent more properly the reality we face: to investigate it, to explain it or, at least, to understand it. Starting from a reflection on already established social networks (Scott, 2003), the fundamental differences between groups and networks (Vergati, 2008), the logics of networks (Serra, 2003) as well as social capital formation and links (Di Nicola, 2006; Mutti, 1998), we seize the spatial dynamics, seemingly following opposite paths, but which revert to a common denominator: de-spatialization and re-spatialization, namely the processes of dematerialization of space(s) and its reconstruction by specific relational dynamics and forms. The study of networks is therefore not attributable to a single theory but to several theories converging towards a unique perspective (spaces) and logical reasoning (Serra, 2001) each one with its own uniqueness. The strength of this volume and the difference with respect to other attempts at explaining the Network Society lies in the multidimensional and interrelated perspectives it offers emerging from converging multidisciplinary perspectives (sociological, anthropological and linguistic), and from applications that the Network Society provides, namely, international (European Governance), institutional, public (linguistic landscape of the city of Rome) and mediated ones (communication technology).
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Relationale Soziologie

Author: Jan Fuhse,Sophie Mützel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531167725

Category: Social Science

Page: 293

View: 5254

Der Band stellt die relationale Soziologie als einen innovativen Theorie- und Forschungsansatz für aktuelle soziologische Diskussionen vor. Allgemein geht es der relationalen Soziologie um die theoretische Modellierung und empirische Analyse von sozialen Netzwerken als sozio-kulturelle Formationen – Netzwerkstruktur wird als verwoben mit kulturellen Mustern gedacht. Die internationalen Beiträge des Bandes zeigen theoretische und empirische Richtungen auf, mit denen der reine Strukturalismus der Netzwerkforschung überwunden werden kann. Dabei wird die Netzwerkforschung u.a. mit der Systemtheorie, der Soziologie der Konventionen und der Akteur-Netzwerk-Theorie in fruchtbare Verbindung gebracht. Mit Beiträgen von Harrison White, Roger Häußling, Ronald L. Breiger, Stephan Fuchs, Dirk Baecker, Sophie Mützel, Jan A. Fuhse, Athanasios Karafillidis, Boris Holzer, Christian Stegbauer, Patrick Aspers, Rainer Diaz-Bone, John Levi Martin und Monica Lee.
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Social Networks in Youth and Adolescence

Author: John Cotterell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 041535949X

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 308

View: 9702

This thoroughly revised new edition looks at the nature of social networks, their changing configurations, and the forces of influence they unleash in shaping the life experiences of young people between the ages of 12 and 25 years. The author draws on both social and psychological research to apply network thinking to the social relations of youth across the domains of school, work and society. Network thinking examines the pattern and nature of social ties, and analyses how networks channel information, influence and support with effects on a wide range of life experiences. The book comprises eleven chapters, which contain discussion on key topics, such as youth transitions, network analysis, friendship, romantic ties, peer victimization, antisocial behaviour, youth risk-taking, school motivation, career influence, youth citizenship, and community organizations for young people. Chapters contain discussions of practical ways in which schools can provide support, and suggestions for youth organizations on how to assist young people to become effective citizens.
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Märkte als soziale Strukturen

Author: Jens Beckert,Rainer Diaz-Bone,Heiner Ganßmann

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 359338471X

Category: Social Science

Page: 335

View: 6367

Märkte sind die bedeutendste Institution zur Steuerung kapitalistischer Ökonomien. Die Wirtschaftssoziologie untersucht das Markthandeln unter dem Aspekt der sozialen, kulturellen und politischen Einbettung der Akteure. Dieser Band versammelt erstmalig in deutscher Sprache Beiträge zur soziologischen Forschung über Märkte, unter anderem von international führenden Autoren wie Olivier Godechot, Akos Rona-Tas, Donald MacKenzie, Robert Salais, Richard Swedberg und Harrison C. White.
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Politicians, Personal Image and the Construction of Political Identity

A Comparative Study of the UK and Italy

Author: C. Archetti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137353422

Category: Social Science

Page: 108

View: 8581

Is the media obsession with image leading to a degeneration of politics? Are politicians more concerned with their appearances than with policy substance? Through the evidence provided by over 50 interviews with politicians across the UK and Italy - local councillors, MPs and MEPs - this book provides a very different picture of the world of politics than the one we often cynically imagine. By relying on extensive excerpts from frank and colorful conversations with the interviewees, the analysis develops a new multidisciplinary model to understand the 'mediatization' of politics and the way the personal image of elected representatives is constructed in the age of interconnectedness.
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Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion

Volume 3: New Methods in the Sociology of Religion

Author: N.A

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9047429478

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 7865

Religion is changing in present society, and social research is more attentive to its complexity. Simultaneously, new methods are developed in social research. This volume points to the potentials of methodological innovation in the social scientific study of religion, as a source of inspiration for future research.
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Robust action and the Rise of the Medici 1400 - 1434

Author: Tobias Luchsinger

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638872459

Category:

Page: 52

View: 8113

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Methodologie und Methoden, Note: 1,0, Universitat Konstanz (Fachbereich: Soziologie), Veranstaltung: Netzwerkanalyse, 5 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Diese Arbeit befasst sich mit dem 1993 im American Journal of Sociology erschienenen Aufsatz von John Padgett Robust Action and the rise of the Medici 1400-1434." Die Relevanz dieses Artikels fur das Thema der Netzwerkanalyse ergibt sich schon aus dem Titel des Papers, welcher frei ubersetzt stabile Beziehungen" lauten konnte. Padgett, der an der University of Chicago eine Professur fur Politikwissenschaften inne hat, ist ausserdem auswartiger Professor am Santa Fe Institute, wo er sich sich seit 15 Jahren mit dem Thema: Innovation in Markets - Co-Evolution of State and Market in Renaissance Florence" beschaftigt. In diesen Rahmen ist auch der hier zu behandelnde Aufsatz einzuordnden. Padgett verfolgt mit der Arbeit die Absicht, seine These zu belegen, dass die Medici im Florenz zur Zeit des Ubergangs von Spatmittelalter zur Fruhrenaissance nicht, wie bisher von Geschichtswissenschaftlern vermutet, ihre immense Macht und Bedeutung erlangten, indem sie die eigene Differenz zum bestehenden System der Oligarchen ausbauten und aus ihren unterschiedlichen sozialen Attributen Kapital schlugen, sondern dass sie den Oligarchen auf struktureller Ebene glichen. Sie mussten sich also vielmehr auf einer anderen Ebene von den bisherigen elitaren Strukturen unterscheiden. Wie wir sehen werden, wird diese Ebene durch den Terminus robust action" umrissen. Zum einfacheren Verstandnis wollen wir uns in der Unterteilung dieser Arbeit an die Vorlage halten. Nach einer kurzen Definition des Problems und der verwendeten Begriffe in diesem spezifischen Kontext, widmen wir uns Padgetts Untersuchungen der Sozialstruktur anhand seiner drei verschiedenen Modelle. Diese sind im Einzelnen die Netzwerkanalyse zur Untersuchung der Attributverteilung unt
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The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems

Author: Michael A. Witt,Gordon Redding

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626554

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 752

View: 4660

Much of the existing literature within the "varieties of capitalism " (VOC) and "comparative business systems " fields of research is heavily focused on Europe, Japan, and the Anglo-Saxon nations. As a result, the field has yet to produce a detailed empirical picture of the institutional structures of most Asian nations and to explore to what extent existing theory applies to the Asian context. The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems aims to address this imbalance by exploring the shape and consequences of institutional variations across the political economies of different societies within Asia. Drawing on the deep knowledge of 32 leading experts, this book presents an empirical, comparative institutional analysis of 13 major Asian business systems between India and Japan. To aid comparison, each country chapter follows the same consistent outline. Complementing the country chapters are eleven contributions examining major themes across the region in comparative perspective and linking the empirical picture to existing theory on these themes. A further three chapters provide perspectives on the influence of history and institutional change. The concluding chapters spell out the implications of all these chapters for scholars in the field and for business practitioners in Asia. The Handbook is a major reference work for scholars researching the causes of success and failure in international business in Asia.
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Knowledge and Networks

Author: Johannes Glückler,Emmanuel Lazega,Ingmar Hammer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319450239

Category: Social Science

Page: 386

View: 6172

This book discusses a core question in many fields of the social sciences, namely how to create, share and adopt new knowledge. It creates an original space for conversation between two lines of research that have developed largely in parallel for a long time: social network theory and the geography of knowledge. This book considers that relational thinking has become increasingly important for scholars to capture societal outcomes by studying social relations and networks, whereas the role of place, space and spatial scales has been somewhat neglected outside an emergent geography of knowledge. The individual contributions help integrate network arguments of connectivity, geographical arguments of contiguity and contextuality into a more comprehensive understanding of the ways in which people and organizations are constrained by and make use of space and networks for learning and innovation. Experts in the fields of geography, sociology, economics, political science, psychology, management and organizational studies develop conceptual models and propose empirical research that illustrates the ways in which networks and geography play together in processes of innovation, learning, leadership, and power. This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.
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Understanding Terrorism in the Age of Global Media

A Communication Approach

Author: C. Archetti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137291389

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 8301

We cannot truly understand - let alone counter - terrorism in the 21st century unless we also understand the processes of communication that underpin it. This book challenges what we know about terrorism, showing that current approaches are inadequate and outdated, and develops a new communication model to understand terrorism in the media age.
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Public Relations and Communication Management

Current Trends and Emerging Topics

Author: Krishnamurthy Sriramesh,Ansgar Zerfass,Jeong-Nam Kim

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136159258

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 430

View: 3256

Public Relations and Communication Management serves as a festschrift honoring the work of public relations scholars James E. Gruning and Larissa A. Grunig. Between them, the Grunigs have published 12 books and more than 330 articles, book chapters, and various academic and professional publications, and have supervised 34 doctoral dissertations and 105 master’s theses. This volume recognizes the Grunig‘s contributions to public relations scholarship over the past four decades. To honor the Grunig’s scholarship, this volume continues to expand their body of work with essays from renowned colleagues, former students, and research associates. The chapters discuss current trends in the field as well as emerging issues that drive the field forward. Sample topics include theories and future aspects of the behavioral, strategic management approach to managing public relations, and its linkages and implications to related subfields and key field issues. Contributions stimulate academic discussion and demonstrate the relevance of applied theories for the practice of public relations and communication management with up-to-date concepts, theories, and thoughts.
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