Applied Regression Including Computing and Graphics

Author: R. Dennis Cook,Sanford Weisberg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470317787

Category: Mathematics

Page: 632

View: 445

A step-by-step guide to computing and graphics in regression analysis In this unique book, leading statisticians Dennis Cook and Sanford Weisberg expertly blend regression fundamentals and cutting-edge graphical techniques. They combine and up- date most of the material from their widely used earlier work, An Introduction to Regression Graphics, and Weisberg's Applied Linear Regression; incorporate the latest in statistical graphics, computing, and regression models; and wind up with a modern, fully integrated approach to one of the most important tools of data analysis. In 23 concise, easy-to-digest chapters, the authors present:? A wealth of simple 2D and 3D graphical techniques, helping visualize results through graphs * An improved version of the user-friendly Arc software, which lets readers promptly implement new ideas * Complete coverage of regression models, including logistic regression and generalized linear models * More than 300 figures, easily reproducible on the computer * Numerous examples and problems based on real data * A companion Web site featuring free software and advice, available at www.wiley.com/mathem atics Accessible, self-contained, and fully referenced, Applied Regression Including Computing and Graphics assumes only a first course in basic statistical methods and provides a bona fide user manual for the Arc software. It is an invaluable resource for anyone interested in learning how to analyze regression problems with confidence and depth.
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Applied Linear Regression

Author: Sanford Weisberg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118594851

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 3201

Praise for the Third Edition "...this is an excellent book which could easily be used as a course text..." —International Statistical Institute The Fourth Edition of Applied Linear Regression provides a thorough update of the basic theory and methodology of linear regression modeling. Demonstrating the practical applications of linear regression analysis techniques, the Fourth Edition uses interesting, real-world exercises and examples. Stressing central concepts such as model building, understanding parameters, assessing fit and reliability, and drawing conclusions, the new edition illustrates how to develop estimation, confidence, and testing procedures primarily through the use of least squares regression. While maintaining the accessible appeal of each previous edition,Applied Linear Regression, Fourth Edition features: Graphical methods stressed in the initial exploratory phase, analysis phase, and summarization phase of an analysis In-depth coverage of parameter estimates in both simple and complex models, transformations, and regression diagnostics Newly added material on topics including testing, ANOVA, and variance assumptions Updated methodology, such as bootstrapping, cross-validation binomial and Poisson regression, and modern model selection methods Applied Linear Regression, Fourth Edition is an excellent textbook for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level students, as well as an appropriate reference guide for practitioners and applied statisticians in engineering, business administration, economics, and the social sciences.
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Klein aber fein!

Quantitative empirische Sozialforschung mit kleinen Fallzahlen

Author: Peter Kriwy,Christiane Gross

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531913808

Category: Social Science

Page: 406

View: 8964

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Regressionsanalysen mit R

Author: Rainer Schlittgen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3486739670

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 346

View: 1742

Das Buch vereinigt die zahlreichen Ansätze zur Erklärung einer Menge von Variablen mittels einer anderen Variablenmenge. Die Ansätze werden in ihren Grundstrukturen dargestellt. Verweise auf vertiefende Spezialliteratur ergänzen die dargestellten Grundlagen. Die zahlreichen Beispiele werden mit der freien statistischen Programmierumgebung R durchgerechnet; dazu wird der R-Code angegeben. Die überwältigende Anzahl von Funktionen in R erlaubt es, die Vielfalt der hier besprochenen Methoden mit R allein und ohne Programmierung umzusetzen. So sind nicht zu komplexe Auswertungen auf der Basis dieses Textes leicht möglich.
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Applied Regression Analysis and Generalized Linear Models

Author: John Fox

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483321312

Category: Social Science

Page: 816

View: 2007

Combining a modern, data-analytic perspective with a focus on applications in the social sciences, the Third Edition of Applied Regression Analysis and Generalized Linear Models provides in-depth coverage of regression analysis, generalized linear models, and closely related methods, such as bootstrapping and missing data. Updated throughout, this Third Edition includes new chapters on mixed-effects models for hierarchical and longitudinal data. Although the text is largely accessible to readers with a modest background in statistics and mathematics, author John Fox also presents more advanced material in optional sections and chapters throughout the book.
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Numerical Issues in Statistical Computing for the Social Scientist

Author: Micah Altman,Jeff Gill,Michael P. McDonald

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471475742

Category: Mathematics

Page: 323

View: 9609

At last—a social scientist's guide through the pitfalls of modern statistical computing Addressing the current deficiency in the literature on statistical methods as they apply to the social and behavioral sciences, Numerical Issues in Statistical Computing for the Social Scientist seeks to provide readers with a unique practical guidebook to the numerical methods underlying computerized statistical calculations specific to these fields. The authors demonstrate that knowledge of these numerical methods and how they are used in statistical packages is essential for making accurate inferences. With the aid of key contributors from both the social and behavioral sciences, the authors have assembled a rich set of interrelated chapters designed to guide empirical social scientists through the potential minefield of modern statistical computing. Uniquely accessible and abounding in modern-day tools, tricks, and advice, the text successfully bridges the gap between the current level of social science methodology and the more sophisticated technical coverage usually associated with the statistical field. Highlights include: A focus on problems occurring in maximum likelihood estimation Integrated examples of statistical computing (using software packages such as the SAS, Gauss, Splus, R, Stata, LIMDEP, SPSS, WinBUGS, and MATLAB®) A guide to choosing accurate statistical packages Discussions of a multitude of computationally intensive statistical approaches such as ecological inference, Markov chain Monte Carlo, and spatial regression analysis Emphasis on specific numerical problems, statistical procedures, and their applications in the field Replications and re-analysis of published social science research, using innovative numerical methods Key numerical estimation issues along with the means of avoiding common pitfalls A related Web site includes test data for use in demonstrating numerical problems, code for applying the original methods described in the book, and an online bibliography of Web resources for the statistical computation Designed as an independent research tool, a professional reference, or a classroom supplement, the book presents a well-thought-out treatment of a complex and multifaceted field.
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Visual Statistics

Seeing Data with Dynamic Interactive Graphics

Author: Forrest W. Young,Pedro M. Valero-Mora,Michael Friendly

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118165411

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 8174

A visually intuitive approach to statistical data analysis Visual Statistics brings the most complex and advanced statistical methods within reach of those with little statistical training by using animated graphics of the data. Using ViSta: The Visual Statistics System-developed by Forrest Young and Pedro Valero-Mora and available free of charge on the Internet-students can easily create fully interactive visualizations from relevant mathematical statistics, promoting perceptual and cognitive understanding of the data's story. An emphasis is placed on a paradigm for understanding data that is visual, intuitive, geometric, and active, rather than one that relies on convoluted logic, heavy mathematics, systems of algebraic equations, or passive acceptance of results. A companion Web site complements the book by further demonstrating the concept of creating interactive and dynamic graphics. The book provides users with the opportunity to view the graphics in a dynamic way by illustrating how to analyze statistical data and explore the concepts of visual statistics. Visual Statistics addresses and features the following topics: * Why use dynamic graphics? * A history of statistical graphics * Visual statistics and the graphical user interface * Visual statistics and the scientific method * Character-based statistical interface objects * Graphics-based statistical interfaces * Visualization for exploring univariate data This is an excellent textbook for undergraduate courses in data analysis and regression, for students majoring or minoring in statistics, mathematics, science, engineering, and computer science, as well as for graduate-level courses in mathematics. The book is also ideal as a reference/self-study guide for engineers, scientists, and mathematicians. With contributions by highly regarded professionals in the field, Visual Statistics not only improves a student's understanding of statistics, but also builds confidence to overcome problems that may have previously been intimidating.
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The EM Algorithm and Extensions

Author: Geoffrey McLachlan,Thriyambakam Krishnan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470191600

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 8352

The only single-source——now completely updated and revised——to offer a unified treatment of the theory, methodology, and applications of the EM algorithm Complete with updates that capture developments from the past decade, The EM Algorithm and Extensions, Second Edition successfully provides a basic understanding of the EM algorithm by describing its inception, implementation, and applicability in numerous statistical contexts. In conjunction with the fundamentals of the topic, the authors discuss convergence issues and computation of standard errors, and, in addition, unveil many parallels and connections between the EM algorithm and Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms. Thorough discussions on the complexities and drawbacks that arise from the basic EM algorithm, such as slow convergence and lack of an in-built procedure to compute the covariance matrix of parameter estimates, are also presented. While the general philosophy of the First Edition has been maintained, this timely new edition has been updated, revised, and expanded to include: New chapters on Monte Carlo versions of the EM algorithm and generalizations of the EM algorithm New results on convergence, including convergence of the EM algorithm in constrained parameter spaces Expanded discussion of standard error computation methods, such as methods for categorical data and methods based on numerical differentiation Coverage of the interval EM, which locates all stationary points in a designated region of the parameter space Exploration of the EM algorithm's relationship with the Gibbs sampler and other Markov chain Monte Carlo methods Plentiful pedagogical elements—chapter introductions, lists of examples, author and subject indices, computer-drawn graphics, and a related Web site The EM Algorithm and Extensions, Second Edition serves as an excellent text for graduate-level statistics students and is also a comprehensive resource for theoreticians, practitioners, and researchers in the social and physical sciences who would like to extend their knowledge of the EM algorithm.
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Loss Models

From Data to Decisions

Author: Stuart A. Klugman,Harry H. Panjer,Gordon E. Willmot

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470391332

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 784

View: 8350

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Modes of Parametric Statistical Inference

Author: Seymour Geisser,Wesley O. Johnson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471743127

Category: Mathematics

Page: 192

View: 9498

A fascinating investigation into the foundations of statistical inference This publication examines the distinct philosophical foundations of different statistical modes of parametric inference. Unlike many other texts that focus on methodology and applications, this book focuses on a rather unique combination of theoretical and foundational aspects that underlie the field of statistical inference. Readers gain a deeper understanding of the evolution and underlying logic of each mode as well as each mode's strengths and weaknesses. The book begins with fascinating highlights from the history of statistical inference. Readers are given historical examples of statistical reasoning used to address practical problems that arose throughout the centuries. Next, the book goes on to scrutinize four major modes of statistical inference: * Frequentist * Likelihood * Fiducial * Bayesian The author provides readers with specific examples and counterexamples of situations and datasets where the modes yield both similar and dissimilar results, including a violation of the likelihood principle in which Bayesian and likelihood methods differ from frequentist methods. Each example is followed by a detailed discussion of why the results may have varied from one mode to another, helping the reader to gain a greater understanding of each mode and how it works. Moreover, the author provides considerable mathematical detail on certain points to highlight key aspects of theoretical development. The author's writing style and use of examples make the text clear and engaging. This book is fundamental reading for graduate-level students in statistics as well as anyone with an interest in the foundations of statistics and the principles underlying statistical inference, including students in mathematics and the philosophy of science. Readers with a background in theoretical statistics will find the text both accessible and absorbing.
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Periodically Correlated Random Sequences

Spectral Theory and Practice

Author: Harry L. Hurd,Abolghassem Miamee

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470182826

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 4949

Uniquely combining theory, application, and computing, this book explores the spectral approach to time series analysis The use of periodically correlated (or cyclostationary) processes has become increasingly popular in a range of research areas such as meteorology, climate, communications, economics, and machine diagnostics. Periodically Correlated Random Sequences presents the main ideas of these processes through the use of basic definitions along with motivating, insightful, and illustrative examples. Extensive coverage of key concepts is provided, including second-order theory, Hilbert spaces, Fourier theory, and the spectral theory of harmonizable sequences. The authors also provide a paradigm for nonparametric time series analysis including tests for the presence of PC structures. Features of the book include: An emphasis on the link between the spectral theory of unitary operators and the correlation structure of PC sequences A discussion of the issues relating to nonparametric time series analysis for PC sequences, including estimation of the mean, correlation, and spectrum A balanced blend of historical background with modern application-specific references to periodically correlated processes An accompanying Web site that features additional exercises as well as data sets and programs written in MATLAB® for performing time series analysis on data that may have a PC structure Periodically Correlated Random Sequences is an ideal text on time series analysis for graduate-level statistics and engineering students who have previous experience in second-order stochastic processes (Hilbert space), vector spaces, random processes, and probability. This book also serves as a valuable reference for research statisticians and practitioners in areas of probability and statistics such as time series analysis, stochastic processes, and prediction theory.
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Linear Models

The Theory and Application of Analysis of Variance

Author: Brenton R. Clarke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470377970

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 8407

An insightful approach to the analysis of variance in the study of linear models Linear Models explores the theory of linear models and the dynamic relationships that these models have with Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), experimental design, and random and mixed-model effects. This one-of-a-kind book emphasizes an approach that clearly explains the distribution theory of linear models and experimental design starting from basic mathematical concepts in linear algebra. The author begins with a presentation of the classic fixed-effects linear model and goes on to illustrate eight common linear models, along with the value of their use in statistics. From this foundation, subsequent chapters introduce concepts pertaining to the linear model, starting with vector space theory and the theory of least-squares estimation. An outline of the Helmert matrix is also presented, along with a thorough explanation of how the ANOVA is created in both typical two-way and higher layout designs, ultimately revealing the distribution theory. Other important topics covered include: Vector space theory The theory of least squares estimation Gauss-Markov theorem Kronecker products Diagnostic and robust methods for linear models Likelihood approaches to estimation A discussion of Bayesian theory is also included for purposes of comparison and contrast, and numerous illustrative exercises assist the reader with uncovering the nature of the models, using both classic and new data sets. Requiring only a working knowledge of basic probability and statistical inference, Linear Models is a valuable book for courses on linear models at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also an excellent reference for practitioners who use linear models to conduct research in the fields of econometrics, psychology, sociology, biology, and agriculture.
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Nonparametric Statistics with Applications to Science and Engineering

Author: Paul H. Kvam,Brani Vidakovic

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470168691

Category: Mathematics

Page: 448

View: 5488

A thorough and definitive book that fully addresses traditional and modern-day topics of nonparametric statistics This book presents a practical approach to nonparametric statistical analysis and provides comprehensive coverage of both established and newly developed methods. With the use of MATLAB, the authors present information on theorems and rank tests in an applied fashion, with an emphasis on modern methods in regression and curve fitting, bootstrap confidence intervals, splines, wavelets, empirical likelihood, and goodness-of-fit testing. Nonparametric Statistics with Applications to Science and Engineering begins with succinct coverage of basic results for order statistics, methods of categorical data analysis, nonparametric regression, and curve fitting methods. The authors then focus on nonparametric procedures that are becoming more relevant to engineering researchers and practitioners. The important fundamental materials needed to effectively learn and apply the discussed methods are also provided throughout the book. Complete with exercise sets, chapter reviews, and a related Web site that features downloadable MATLAB applications, this book is an essential textbook for graduate courses in engineering and the physical sciences and also serves as a valuable reference for researchers who seek a more comprehensive understanding of modern nonparametric statistical methods.
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The Construction of Optimal Stated Choice Experiments

Theory and Methods

Author: Deborah J. Street,Leonie Burgess

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470148556

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 8709

The most comprehensive and applied discussion of stated choice experiment constructions available The Construction of Optimal Stated Choice Experiments provides an accessible introduction to the construction methods needed to create the best possible designs for use in modeling decision-making. Many aspects of the design of a generic stated choice experiment are independent of its area of application, and until now there has been no single book describing these constructions. This book begins with a brief description of the various areas where stated choice experiments are applicable, including marketing and health economics, transportation, environmental resource economics, and public welfare analysis. The authors focus on recent research results on the construction of optimal and near-optimal choice experiments and conclude with guidelines and insight on how to properly implement these results. Features of the book include: Construction of generic stated choice experiments for the estimation of main effects only, as well as experiments for the estimation of main effects plus two-factor interactions Constructions for choice sets of any size and for attributes with any number of levels A discussion of designs that contain a none option or a common base option Practical techniques for the implementation of the constructions Class-tested material that presents theoretical discussion of optimal design Complete and extensive references to the mathematical and statistical literature for the constructions Exercise sets in most chapters, which reinforce the understanding of the presented material The Construction of Optimal Stated Choice Experiments serves as an invaluable reference guide for applied statisticians and practitioners in the areas of marketing, health economics, transport, and environmental evaluation. It is also ideal as a supplemental text for courses in the design of experiments, decision support systems, and choice models. A companion web site is available for readers to access web-based software that can be used to implement the constructions described in the book.
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Statistical Methods for Survival Data Analysis

Author: Elisa T. Lee,John Wenyu Wang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118593057

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 3709

Praise for the Third Edition “. . . an easy-to read introduction to survival analysis which covers the major concepts and techniques of the subject.” —Statistics in Medical Research Updated and expanded to reflect the latest developments, Statistical Methods for Survival Data Analysis, Fourth Edition continues to deliver a comprehensive introduction to the most commonly-used methods for analyzing survival data. Authored by a uniquely well-qualified author team, the Fourth Edition is a critically acclaimed guide to statistical methods with applications in clinical trials, epidemiology, areas of business, and the social sciences. The book features many real-world examples to illustrate applications within these various fields, although special consideration is given to the study of survival data in biomedical sciences. Emphasizing the latest research and providing the most up-to-date information regarding software applications in the field, Statistical Methods for Survival Data Analysis, Fourth Edition also includes: Marginal and random effect models for analyzing correlated censored or uncensored data Multiple types of two-sample and K-sample comparison analysis Updated treatment of parametric methods for regression model fitting with a new focus on accelerated failure time models Expanded coverage of the Cox proportional hazards model Exercises at the end of each chapter to deepen knowledge of the presented material Statistical Methods for Survival Data Analysis is an ideal text for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses on survival data analysis. The book is also an excellent resource for biomedical investigators, statisticians, and epidemiologists, as well as researchers in every field in which the analysis of survival data plays a role.
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Probability and Finance

It's Only a Game!

Author: Glenn Shafer,Vladimir Vovk

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471461717

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 440

View: 6434

Provides a foundation for probability based on game theory rather than measure theory. A strong philosophical approach with practical applications. Presents in-depth coverage of classical probability theory as well as new theory.
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Mathematics of Chance

Author: Jirí Andel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470317914

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 8818

Mathematics of Chance utilizes simple, real-world problems-some of which have only recently been solved-to explain fundamental probability theorems, methods, and statistical reasoning. Jiri Andel begins with a basic introduction to probability theory and its important points before moving on to more specific sections on vital aspects of probability, using both classic and modern problems. Each chapter begins with easy, realistic examples before covering the general formulations and mathematical treatments used. The reader will find ample use for a chapter devoted to matrix games and problem sets concerning waiting, probability calculations, expectation calculations, and statistical methods. A special chapter utilizes problems that relate to areas of mathematics outside of statistics and considers certain mathematical concepts from a probabilistic point of view. Sections and problems cover topics including: * Random walks * Principle of reflection * Probabilistic aspects of records * Geometric distribution * Optimization * The LAD method, and more Knowledge of the basic elements of calculus will be sufficient in understanding most of the material presented here, and little knowledge of pure statistics is required. Jiri Andel has produced a compact reference for applied statisticians working in industry and the social and technical sciences, and a book that suits the needs of students seeking a fundamental understanding of probability theory.
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The Analysis of Covariance and Alternatives

Statistical Methods for Experiments, Quasi-Experiments, and Single-Case Studies

Author: Bradley Huitema

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118067468

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 6348

A complete guide to cutting-edge techniques and best practices for applying covariance analysis methods The Second Edition of Analysis of Covariance and Alternatives sheds new light on its topic, offering in-depth discussions of underlying assumptions, comprehensive interpretations of results, and comparisons of distinct approaches. The book has been extensively revised and updated to feature an in-depth review of prerequisites and the latest developments in the field. The author begins with a discussion of essential topics relating to experimental design and analysis, including analysis of variance, multiple regression, effect size measures and newly developed methods of communicating statistical results. Subsequent chapters feature newly added methods for the analysis of experiments with ordered treatments, including two parametric and nonparametric monotone analyses as well as approaches based on the robust general linear model and reversed ordinal logistic regression. Four groundbreaking chapters on single-case designs introduce powerful new analyses for simple and complex single-case experiments. This Second Edition also features coverage of advanced methods including: Simple and multiple analysis of covariance using both the Fisher approach and the general linear model approach Methods to manage assumption departures, including heterogeneous slopes, nonlinear functions, dichotomous dependent variables, and covariates affected by treatments Power analysis and the application of covariance analysis to randomized-block designs, two-factor designs, pre- and post-test designs, and multiple dependent variable designs Measurement error correction and propensity score methods developed for quasi-experiments, observational studies, and uncontrolled clinical trials Thoroughly updated to reflect the growing nature of the field, Analysis of Covariance and Alternatives is a suitable book for behavioral and medical scineces courses on design of experiments and regression and the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It also serves as an authoritative reference work for researchers and academics in the fields of medicine, clinical trials, epidemiology, public health, sociology, and engineering.
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Statistical Analysis of Designed Experiments

Theory and Applications

Author: Ajit C. Tamhane

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118491432

Category: Science

Page: 720

View: 7562

A indispensable guide to understanding and designing modern experiments The tools and techniques of Design of Experiments (DOE) allow researchers to successfully collect, analyze, and interpret data across a wide array of disciplines. Statistical Analysis of Designed Experiments provides a modern and balanced treatment of DOE methodology with thorough coverage of the underlying theory and standard designs of experiments, guiding the reader through applications to research in various fields such as engineering, medicine, business, and the social sciences. The book supplies a foundation for the subject, beginning with basic concepts of DOE and a review of elementary normal theory statistical methods. Subsequent chapters present a uniform, model-based approach to DOE. Each design is presented in a comprehensive format and is accompanied by a motivating example, discussion of the applicability of the design, and a model for its analysis using statistical methods such as graphical plots, analysis of variance (ANOVA), confidence intervals, and hypothesis tests. Numerous theoretical and applied exercises are provided in each chapter, and answers to selected exercises are included at the end of the book. An appendix features three case studies that illustrate the challenges often encountered in real-world experiments, such as randomization, unbalanced data, and outliers. Minitab® software is used to perform analyses throughout the book, and an accompanying FTP site houses additional exercises and data sets. With its breadth of real-world examples and accessible treatment of both theory and applications, Statistical Analysis of Designed Experiments is a valuable book for experimental design courses at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also an indispensable reference for practicing statisticians, engineers, and scientists who would like to further their knowledge of DOE.
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