Anthropology, Space, and Geographic Information Systems

Author: Mark Aldenderfer,Herbert D. G. Maschner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195358957

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 7027

Major advances in the use of geographic information systems have been made in both anthropology and archaeology. Yet there are few published discussions of these new applications and their use in solving complex problems. This book explores these techniques, showing how they have been successfully deployed to pursue research previously considered too difficult--or impossible--to undertake. Among the projects described here are studies of land degradation in the Peruvian Amazon, settlement patterns in the Pacific northwest, ethnic distribution within the Los Angeles garment industry, and prehistoric sociopolitical development among the Anasazi. Following an introduction that discusses the theory of geographic information systems in relation to anthropological inquiry, the book is divided into sections demonstrating actual applications in cultural anthropology, archaeology, paleoanthropology, and physical anthropology. The work will be of much interest within all these communities.
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Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology

Health and Illness in the World's Cultures Topics - Volume 1; Cultures -

Author: Carol R. Ember,Melvin Ember

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306477548

Category: Social Science

Page: 1071

View: 3137

Medical practitioners and the ordinary citizen are becoming more aware that we need to understand cultural variation in medical belief and practice. The more we know how health and disease are managed in different cultures, the more we can recognize what is "culture bound" in our own medical belief and practice. The Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology is unique because it is the first reference work to describe the cultural practices relevant to health in the world's cultures and to provide an overview of important topics in medical anthropology. No other single reference work comes close to marching the depth and breadth of information on the varying cultural background of health and illness around the world. More than 100 experts - anthropologists and other social scientists - have contributed their firsthand experience of medical cultures from around the world.
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Anthropology

Author: Ram Nath Sharma,Rajendra K. Sharma

Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist

ISBN: 9788171566730

Category: Anthropology

Page: 424

View: 2112

This Is A Comprehensive Textbook On Anthro¬Pology. It Covers The Following Papers Taught To M.A. (Sociology) And M.A. (Anthropology) At Indian Universities: (I) Physical Anthropology, (Ii) Cultural Anthropology, (Iii) Social Anthropology, (Iv) General Anthropology, (V) Anthropology And Indian Tribes And (Vi) Comparative Sociology.This Book Also Covers Courses Prescribed In Anthropology For P.C.S. And I.As. Exami¬Nations. The Material For This Book Has Been Collected From Authentic Sources : Works Of Eminent Anthropologists, Reports Of Re¬Searches On Indian Tribes And Government Data Published In Various Books, Reports And Journals.At The End Of The Book Objective Questions Bank Has Been Given Particularly For Those Readers Who Are Appearing At P.C.S. Or I.A.S. Examination. Selected Bibliography Has Been Divided Into Two Classes. While The First Includes Books On General Anthropology, The Second Is A Comprehensive List Of Books Published On Tribal Studies In India. This Will Be Particularly Useful For Researchers Working In The Field Of Tribal Studies.
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Designs for an Anthropology of the Contemporary

Author: Paul Rabinow,George E. Marcus,James D. Faubion,Tobias Rees

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 082239006X

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 5985

In this compact volume two of anthropology’s most influential theorists, Paul Rabinow and George E. Marcus, engage in a series of conversations about the past, present, and future of anthropological knowledge, pedagogy, and practice. James D. Faubion joins in several exchanges to facilitate and elaborate the dialogue, and Tobias Rees moderates the discussions and contributes an introduction and an afterword to the volume. Most of the conversations are focused on contemporary challenges to how anthropology understands its subject and how ethnographic research projects are designed and carried out. Rabinow and Marcus reflect on what remains distinctly anthropological about the study of contemporary events and processes, and they contemplate productive new directions for the field. The two converge in Marcus’s emphasis on the need to redesign pedagogical practices for training anthropological researchers and in Rabinow’s proposal of collaborative initiatives in which ethnographic research designs could be analyzed, experimented with, and transformed. Both Rabinow and Marcus participated in the milestone collection Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. Published in 1986, Writing Culture catalyzed a reassessment of how ethnographers encountered, studied, and wrote about their subjects. In the opening conversations of Designs for an Anthropology of the Contemporary, Rabinow and Marcus take stock of anthropology’s recent past by discussing the intellectual scene in which Writing Culture intervened, the book’s contributions, and its conceptual limitations. Considering how the field has developed since the publication of that volume, they address topics including ethnography’s self-reflexive turn, scholars’ increased focus on questions of identity, the Public Culture project, science and technology studies, and the changing interests and goals of students. Designs for an Anthropology of the Contemporary allows readers to eavesdrop on lively conversations between anthropologists who have helped to shape their field’s recent past and are deeply invested in its future.
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The Social Anthropology of Complex Societies

Author: Michael Banton

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415330282

Category: Social Science

Page: 156

View: 6327

This volume illustrates how much the study of social anthropologists has encompassed other, non-primitive societies: rural Italy, urban Africa, village politics in India and the smaller ex-colonial territories of Fiji and Mauritius are just some of the areas covered by the book. The position and contribution of British community studies is also examined, illustrating how micro-sociology can be made relevant to macro-sociology. Originally published 1966.
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Anthropology News

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropological linguistics

Page: N.A

View: 6849

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Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge

Author: William Haviland,Harald Prins,Bunny McBride,Dana Walrath

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495810827

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 935

Offering compelling photos, engaging examples, and select studies by anthropologists in a variety of locations around the globe, this streamlined, market-leading text presents cultural anthropology in vivid, accessible terms showing students how the field is relevant to understanding the complex world around them. The authors present the fundamental concepts from a holistic perspective using three unifying themes to frame the text: 1) the varied ways humans face the challenges of existence, 2) the connections between culture and biology in shaping human beliefs and behavior, and 3) the impact of globalization on peoples and cultures around the world. They also integrate coverage of race, class, gender, and ethnicity throughout the text, and in this edition, they have expanded the popular Globalscape feature to get students thinking about the consequences of globalization and (sometimes) their own behavior. Furthermore, the text’s strong supplements program provides instructors and students with a wealth of resources designed to enhance the teaching and learning experience. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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The Teaching of Anthropology

Author: Ethel Mary Albert,Gabriel Ward Lasker,David Goodman Mandelbaum

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: 611

View: 1437

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Applied Anthropology

An Introduction

Author: John Van Willigen

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897898331

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 285

View: 3704

Focuses on the use of the methods and theories of anthropology to solve the practical problems of human communities. It addresses a wide range of problem-solving practices in both development action and applied research. The core of the book is chapters focused on specific practices such as evaluation and action research. In addition, there are chapters on history, employment strategies, and ethics.
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Social and Cultural Anthropology: A Very Short Introduction

Author: John Monaghan,Oxford University Press,Professor John Monaghan,Peter Just,Associate Professor of Anthropology Peter Just

Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks

ISBN: 0192853465

Category: Social Science

Page: 155

View: 2925

"If you want to know what anthropology is, look at what anthropologists do," write the authors of Social and Cultural Anthropology: A Very Short Introduction. This engaging overview of the field combines an accessible account of some of the discipline's guiding principles and methodology with abundant examples and illustrations of anthropologists at work. Peter Just and John Monaghan begin by discussing anthropology's most important contributions to modern thought: its investigation of culture as a distinctively human characteristic, its doctrine of cultural relativism, and its methodology of fieldwork and ethnography. Drawing on examples from their own fieldwork in Indonesia and Mesoamerica, they examine specific ways in which social and cultural anthropology have advanced our understanding of human society and culture. Including an assessment of anthropology's present position, and a look forward to its likely future, Social and Cultural Anthropology will make fascinating reading for anyone curious about this social science. About the Series: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and style, Very Short Introductions offer an introduction to some of life's most interesting topics. Written by experts for the newcomer, they demonstrate the finest contemporary thinking about the central problems and issues in hundreds of key topics, from philosophy to Freud, quantum theory to Islam.
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Existenzweisen

Eine Anthropologie der Modernen

Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737376

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 1502

Vor zwanzig Jahren hatte der französische Soziologe und Philosoph Bruno Latour konstatiert: »Wir sind nie modern gewesen«, und sich an einer »symmetrischen Anthropologie« jenseits der Trennung von Natur und Kultur versucht. Nun legt er sein zweites Hauptwerk vor, das dieses faszinierende Projekt mit einer »Anthropologie der Modernen« fortschreibt und den verschiedenen Existenzweisen von Wissenschaft, Technologie, Recht, Religion, Wirtschaft und Politik in der modernen Welt nachspürt. Ein großes Panorama der Modi moderner Existenz. Latour setzt für dieses Projekt bei der globalen Verflechtung aller Lebensbereiche an, die heute nicht zuletzt am Problem des Klimawandels sichtbar wird. Zugleich zeigt sich aber an diesem Problem auch, dass es verschiedene Handlungssphären gibt, die jeweils eigene Existenzweisen besitzen: Politiker, die sich mit dem Klimaproblem befassen, sind eben keine Wissenschaftler, die Klimaforschung betreiben, und Unternehmer orientieren sich zunächst an den Maßgaben der Wirtschaftlichkeit; wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse werden daher nicht einfach in politische und ökonomische Handlungen übersetzt. Dennoch sind für Latour diese verschiedenen Existenzmodi nicht unabhängig voneinander, sondern durchdringen einander und kreieren gemeinsam Probleme, die es in der Folge auch gemeinsam zu lösen gilt. Es bedarf daher einer neuen Form der »Diplomatie«, die zwischen den einzelnen Existenzweisen vermittelt. Nicht weniger als die Zukunft unseres Planeten steht auf dem Spiel und nicht weniger als eine solche diplomatische Vermittlung versucht dieses grundlegende und wegweisende Buch zu leisten. Auf dass wir endlich modern werden!
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Anthropology and Anthropologists

The Modern British School

Author: Adam Kuper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136802207

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 2593

On its first publication in 1973 Adam Kuper's entertaining history of half a century of British social anthropology provoked strong reactions. But his often irreverent account soon established itself as one of the introductions to anthropology. Since the second revised edition was published in 1983, important developments have occurred within British and European anthropology. This third, enlarged and updated edition responds to these fresh currents. Adam Kuper takes the story up to the present day, and a new final chapter traces the emergence of a modern European social anthropology in contrast with developments in American cultural anthropology over the last two decades. Anthropology and Anthropologists provides a critical historical account of modern British social anthropology: it describes the careers of the major theorists, their ideas and their contributions in the context of the intellectual and institutional environments in which they worked.
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21 Lektionen für das 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406727794

Category: History

Page: 459

View: 9795

Yuval Noah Harari ist der Weltstar unter den Historikern. In «Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit» erzählte er vom Aufstieg des Homo Sapiens zum Herrn der Welt. In «Homo Deus» ging es um die Zukunft unserer Spezies. Sein neues Buch schaut auf das Hier und Jetzt und konfrontiert uns mit den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit. Wie unterscheiden wir Wahrheit und Fiktion im Zeitalter der Fake News? Was sollen wir unseren Kindern beibringen? Wie können wir in unserer unübersichtlichen Welt moralisch handeln? Wie bewahren wir Freiheit und Gleichheit im 21. Jahrhundert? Seit Jahrtausenden hat die Menschheit über den Fragen gebrütet, wer wir sind und was wir mit unserem Leben anfangen sollen. Doch jetzt setzen uns die heraufziehende ökologische Krise, die wachsende Bedrohung durch Massenvernichtungswaffen und der Aufstieg neuer disruptiver Technologien unter Zeitdruck. Bald schon wird irgendjemand darüber entscheiden müssen, wie wir die Macht nutzen, die künstliche Intelligenz und Biotechnologie bereit halten. Dieses Buch will möglichst viele Menschen dazu anregen, sich an den großen Debatten unserer Zeit zu beteiligen, damit die Antworten nicht von den blinden Kräften des Marktes gegeben werden.
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Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology

Author: H. Russell Bernard,Clarence C. Gravlee

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0759120722

Category: Social Science

Page: 822

View: 7489

Draws on both science and humanism to explore the scope of contemporary anthropological fieldwork in practice. This thoroughly revised second edition also features new chapters addressing online ethnography; mixed methods and social survey research; and network and geospatial analysis.
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Lawrence of Arabia

A Film's Anthropology

Author: Steven C. Caton

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520919891

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 316

View: 3372

Combining ethnography, film criticism, and his extensive knowledge of the Middle East, Steven C. Caton presents an innovative and fascinating examination of the classic film, Lawrence of Arabia. Caton is interested in why this epic film has been so compelling for so many people for more than three decades. In seeking an answer he draws from situations in his own life, biographies of the film's key participants, and analyses of issues relating to class, gender, colonialism, and cultural differences. The result is a many-prismed book that poses important questions of ethnographic representation and the discourse of power. Caton's approach is dialectical, and his readings of the film are situated within different historical periods, from the early 1960s to the present. Among the subjects he highlights are travel and colonialism in fieldwork and filmmaking, orientalism in the representation of the Other, and the film's ambiguous handling of masculinity and homosexuality. Caton looks at his own reactions to the film at various stages in his life and offers a thought-provoking account of the film's reception by today's high school and college students.
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Making

Anthropology, Archaeology, Art and Architecture

Author: Tim Ingold

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136763678

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 6191

Making creates knowledge, builds environments and transforms lives. Anthropology, archaeology, art and architecture are all ways of making, and all are dedicated to exploring the conditions and potentials of human life. In this exciting book, Tim Ingold ties the four disciplines together in a way that has never been attempted before. In a radical departure from conventional studies that treat art and architecture as compendia of objects for analysis, Ingold proposes an anthropology and archaeology not of but with art and architecture. He advocates a way of thinking through making in which sentient practitioners and active materials continually answer to, or ‘correspond’, with one another in the generation of form. Making offers a series of profound reflections on what it means to create things, on materials and form, the meaning of design, landscape perception, animate life, personal knowledge and the work of the hand. It draws on examples and experiments ranging from prehistoric stone tool-making to the building of medieval cathedrals, from round mounds to monuments, from flying kites to winding string, from drawing to writing. The book will appeal to students and practitioners alike, with interests in social and cultural anthropology, archaeology, architecture, art and design, visual studies and material culture.
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A Companion to the Anthropology of Education

Author: Bradley A. Levinson,Mica Pollock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119111668

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 756

A Companion to the Anthropology of Education presents a comprehensive and state-of-the-art overview of the field, exploring the social and cultural dimension of educational processes in both formal and nonformal settings. Explores theoretical and applied approaches to cultural practice in a diverse range of educational settings around the world, in both formal and non-formal contexts Includes contributions by leading educational anthropologists Integrates work from and on many different national systems of scholarship, including China, the United States, Africa, the Middle East, Colombia, Mexico, India, the United Kingdom, and Denmark Examines the consequences of history, cultural diversity, language policies, governmental mandates, inequality, and literacy for everyday educational processes
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Anthropology and Modern Life

Author: Franz Boas

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486148696

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 4507

The great anthropologist's classic treatise on race and culture. One of the most influential books of the century, now available in a value-priced edition. Introduction by Ruth Bunzel.
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Marxism and Anthropology

The History of a Relationship

Author: Maurice Bloch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136548939

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 9711

This book examines the uses made of anthropology by Marx and Engels, and the uses made of Marxism by anthropologists. Looking at the writings of Marx and Engels on primitive societies, the book evaluates their views in the light of present knowledge and draws attention to inconsistencies in their analysis of pre-capitalist societies. These inconsistencies can be traced to the influence of contemporary anthropologists who regarded primitive societies as classless. As Marxist theory was built around the idea of class, without this concept the conventional Marxist analysis foundered. First published in 1983.
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