Animals and why They Matter

Author: Mary Midgley

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820320410

Category: Philosophy

Page: 158

View: 1416

Animals and Why They Matter examines the barriers that our philosophical traditions have erected between human beings and animals and reveals that the too-often ridiculed subject of animal rights is an issue crucially related to such problems within the human community as racism, sexism, and age discrimination. Mary Midgley's profound and clearly written narrative is a thought-provoking study of the way in which the opposition between reason and emotion has shaped our moral and political ideas and the problems it has raised. Whether considering vegetarianism, women's rights, or the "humanity" of pets, this book goes to the heart of the question of why all animals matter.
Release

Animals in Social Work

Why and How They Matter

Author: T. Ryan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113737229X

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 2524

This collection of essays articulates theoretical and philosophical arguments, and advances practical applications, as to why animals ought to matter to social work, in and of themselves. It serves as a persuasive corrective to the current invisibility of animals in contemporary social work practice and thought.
Release

Animals, Literature and the Politics of Representation

Author: J. Simons

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230513549

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 218

View: 3738

This book addresses the question of animal rights in the context of literary criticism. Working from a committed position, it asks the question, 'What would literary studies look like if we took animal rights seriously?' It offers critical surveys of the main themes in the history of animal rights and some of the more important contemporary positions together with readings of a wide range of literary texts from classical antiquity to the present day.
Release

The Emotional Lives of Animals

A Leading Scientist Explores Animal Joy, Sorrow, and Empathy — and Why They Matter

Author: Marc Bekoff

Publisher: New World Library

ISBN: 1577313488

Category: Nature

Page: 240

View: 1696

Based on award-winning scientist Marc Bekoff’s years studying social communication in a wide range of species, this important book shows that animals have rich emotional lives. Bekoff skillfully blends extraordinary stories of animal joy, empathy, grief, embarrassment, anger, and love with the latest scientific research confirming the existence of emotions that common sense and experience have long implied. Filled with Bekoff’s light humor and touching stories, The Emotional Lives of Animals is a clarion call for reassessing both how we view animals and how we treat them.
Release

Governing Animals

Animal Welfare and the Liberal State

Author: Kimberly K. Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199977178

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 2926

What is the role of government in protecting animal welfare? What principles should policy makers draw on as they try to balance animal welfare against human liberty? Much has been written in recent years on our moral duties towards animals, but scholars and activists alike have neglected the important question of how far the state may go to enforce those duties. Kimberly K. Smith fills that gap by exploring how liberal political principles apply to animal welfare policy. Focusing on animal welfare in the United States, Governing Animals begins with an account of the historical relationship between animals and the development of the American liberal welfare state. It then turns to the central theoretical argument: Some animals (most prominently pets and livestock) may be considered members of the liberal social contract. That conclusion justifies limited state intervention to defend their welfare - even when such intervention may harm human citizens. Taking the analysis further, the study examines whether citizens may enjoy property rights in animals, what those rights entail, how animals may be represented in our political and legal institutions, and what strategies for reform are most compatible with liberal principles. The book takes up several policy issues along the way, from public funding of animal rescue operations to the ethics of livestock production, animal sacrifice, and animal fighting. Beyond even these specific policy questions, this book asks what sort of liberalism is suitable for the challenges of the twenty-first century. Smith argues that investigating the political morality of our treatment of animals gives us insight into how to design practices and institutions that protect the most vulnerable members of our society, thus making of our shared world a more fitting home for both humans and the nonhumans to which we are so deeply connected.
Release

Animals and Society

An Introduction to Human-Animal Studies

Author: Margo DeMello

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526768

Category: Nature

Page: 488

View: 5752

Considering that much of human society is structured through its interaction with non-human animals, and since human society relies heavily on the exploitation of animals to serve human needs, human–animal studies has become a rapidly expanding field of research, featuring a number of distinct positions, perspectives, and theories that require nuanced explanation and contextualization. The first book to provide a full overview of human–animal studies, this volume focuses on the conceptual construction of animals in American culture and the way in which it reinforces and perpetuates hierarchical human relationships rooted in racism, sexism, and class privilege. Margo DeMello considers interactions between humans and animals within the family, the law, the religious and political system, and other major social institutions, and she unpacks the different identities humans fashion for themselves and for others through animals. Essays also cover speciesism and evolutionary continuities; the role and preservation of animals in the wild; the debate over zoos and the use of animals in sports; domestication; agricultural practices such as factory farming; vivisection; animal cruelty; animal activism; the representation of animals in literature and film; and animal ethics. Sidebars highlight contemporary controversies and issues, with recommendations for additional reading, educational films, and related websites. DeMello concludes with an analysis of major philosophical positions on human social policy and the future of human–animal relations.
Release

Environmental Ethics, Ecological Theology, and Natural Selection

Suffering and Responsibility

Author: Lisa Sideris

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023152949X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 625

In the last few decades, religious and secular thinkers have tackled the world's escalating environmental crisis by attempting to develop an ecological ethic that is both scientifically accurate and free of human-centered preconceptions. This groundbreaking study shows that many of these environmental ethicists continue to model their positions on romantic, pre-Darwinian concepts that disregard the predatory and cruelly competitive realities of the natural world. Examining the work of such influential thinkers as James Gustafson, Sallie McFague, Rosemary Radford Ruether, John Cobb, Peter Singer, and Holmes Rolston, Sideris proposes a more realistic ethic that combines evolutionary theory with theological insight, advocates a minimally interventionist stance toward nature, and values the processes over the products of the natural world.
Release

Being Animal

Beasts and Boundaries in Nature Ethics

Author: Anna Peterson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231534264

Category: Nature

Page: 240

View: 8208

For most people, animals are the most significant aspects of the nonhuman world. They symbolize nature in our imaginations, in popular media and culture, and in campaigns to preserve wilderness, yet scholars habitually treat animals and the environment as mutually exclusive objects of concern. Conducting the first examination of animals' place in popular and scholarly thinking about nature, Anna L. Peterson builds a nature ethic that conceives of nonhuman animals as active subjects who are simultaneously parts of both nature and human society. Peterson explores the tensions between humans and animals, nature and culture, animals and nature, and domesticity and wildness. She uses our intimate connections with companion animals to examine nature more broadly. Companion animals are liminal creatures straddling the boundary between human society and wilderness, revealing much about the mutually constitutive relationships binding humans and nature together. Through her paradigm-shifting reflections, Peterson disrupts the artificial boundaries between two seemingly distinct categories, underscoring their fluid and continuous character.
Release

Artgerecht ist nur die Freiheit

Eine Ethik für Tiere oder Warum wir umdenken müssen

Author: Hilal Sezgin

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406659055

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 3292

Tierquälerei ist schwer erträglich. Trotzdem lassen wir es stillschweigend zu, dass unzählige Tiere in Versuchslaboren gequält und in Mastställen und Schlachthöfen angeblich „artgerecht“ misshandelt werden, weil wir uns ein Leben ohne „tierische Produkte“ nicht vorstellen können. Wem dieser Widerspruch keine Ruhe lässt, der sollte Hilal Sezgins Augen öffnendes Buch lesen. Sie geht der Frage nach, ob wir Tiere im medizinischen Interesse malträtieren und ob wir sie einsperren, töten und essen dürfen. In einer lebhaften Auseinandersetzung mit anderen (tier-)ethischen Positionen plädiert sie dafür, Tiere als Individuen mit eigenen Rechten anzuerkennen – auch in unserem eigenen Interesse. Am Ende dieser engagierten Tierethik steht die Vision einer Menschheit, die sich die Erde gerecht mit anderen Tieren teilen kann. Eine fulminant geschriebene Einladung zum Umdenken, der man sich nur schwer entziehen kann. „Hilal Sezgin stellt die Fragen, vor denen sich unsere Gesellschaft schon viel zu lange gedrückt hat.“ (Karen Duve, Autorin von „Anständig essen“) „Beeindruckend, irritierend, super geschrieben. Nicht immer wird man zustimmen können – aber in der Radikalität dieses Buches liegt gerade seine Qualität.“ (Harald Welzer, Direktor der Stiftung „Futurzwei“) „Hilal Sezgin definiert Humanismus neu, nämlich als Animalismus. Nicht gepredigt, sondern gelebt. Hut ab.“ (Christoph Maria Herbst, Schauspieler) „Jeder, der Tiere liebt, sollte dieses Buch lesen; und wer sie nicht liebt, auch.“ (Karin Mück, Gründerin der Tierschutz Stiftung Hof Butenland)
Release

Advances in Animal Welfare Science 1985

Author: M.W. Fox,Linda D. Mickley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400942478

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 7517

This second volume of papers dealing with scientific and ethical aspects of animal welfare covers a variety of topics and areas of inves tigation. It will be of particular interest to those readers seeking more insight into such subjects as farm animal welfare and humane husbandry systems; animal experimentation, especially in the field of psychology; and pain in animals, notably its recognition and alleviation. Several of our selections deal with very specific subjects that are germane to animal welfare: the use of T-61 for euthanizing cats and dogs, a new humane method of stunning for livestock and poultry, an innovative alternative to killing animals for rabies diagnosis, alterna tives to aversive procedures in teaching experimental psychology, and the need for improved theoretical modeling in animal experimentation and research design. Following the precedent set in the first volume of Advances in Animal Welfare Science, we have included several papers dealing with people's attitudes toward animals. These papers range from a consider ation of cultural influences and veterinary ethics to an examination of anthropomorphism, to a discussion of the linkage between the environ mental politics and perceptions of the Green Movement and animal welfare and rights. We wish to express our gratitude to the Manuscript Review Commit tee for the excellent work they have done and to the twenty contributors to this volume which we believe will do much to advance the science of animal welfare, and the well-being of animals under man's dominion.
Release

Human Significance in Theology and the Natural Sciences

An Ecumenical Perspective with Reference to Pannenberg, Rahner, and Zizioulas

Author: Christopher L. Fisher

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 162189231X

Category: Religion

Page: 368

View: 3550

The medieval worldview that regarded human beings as at the center of God's plans for His universe has long been regarded as obsolete; its synthesis of Christian theology and Greek philosophy having collapsed under the weight of Copernicus, Galileo, and Darwin. The popular stereotype is that Science, both in the Copernican revolution that dethroned the earth-centered view of the cosmos and in subsequent developments in evolutionary theory and general relativity, has marginalized and trivialized human existence, revealing humanity's place in the cosmos to be accidental, peripheral, and ultimately meaningless. However, an investigation into both modern Christian theology and contemporary twenty-first century Science reveals just the opposite, providing solid evidence in the interdisciplinary dialogue concerning the significance of humanity within the universe. In this important study, Christopher Fisher analyzes several modern theologians, including Wolfhart Pannenberg, Karl Rahner, and John Zizioulas, to reveal how contemporary ecumenical theology is deeply and intrinsically committed to a high view of human cosmic significance as a consequence of Christianity's indelible Trinitarian and incarnational faith. Fisher then demonstrates how research in contemporary natural Science confirms this finding in its own way, as recent primate intelligence studies, artificial intelligence research, and even the quest for extra-terrestrial intelligence reveal the wonder of human uniqueness. A contemporary version of the teleological argument also resurfaces in consideration of cosmic evolutionary perspectives on human existence. Even ecological concerns take on a new poignancy with the realization that, among material creatures, only human beings are capable of addressing the world's situation. This interdisciplinary study uncovers the surprising coherence and convergence of Christian Theology and Natural Science on the subject of human existence and significance here at the beginning of the twenty-first century, and it highlights the very unique role of humanity in global and cosmic history.
Release

Ethics, Humans and Other Animals

An Introduction with Readings

Author: Rosalind Hursthouse

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113519923X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 1219

This introductory textbook is ideally suited to newcomers to philosophy and ethical problems. Rosalind Hursthouse carefully introduces the three standard approaches in current ethical theory: utilitarianism, rights, and virtue ethics. She links each chapter to readings from key exponents such as Peter Singer and Mary Midgley and asks students to think critically about these readings for themselves. Key features include clear activities and activities, chapter summaries and guides to further reading.
Release

Wild Animal Skins in Victorian Britain

Zoos, Collections, Portraits, and Maps

Author: Professor Ann C Colley

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472427785

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 9553

In her study of the challenges, preoccupations, and disordered circumstances that attended Great Britain’s amassing of wild skins, Ann C. Colley makes extensive use of archival materials, as well as of recent theories concerning skin and touch, to examine the collecting and exhibiting practices of individuals, museums, and a provincial zoo. She focuses on issues of empire, representation, and natural history to examine the meaning, metaphoric uses, and cognitive function of skin for the Victorian public.
Release

Killing Tradition

Inside Hunting and Animal Rights Controversies

Author: Simon J. Bronner

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813138604

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5477

Across the country and around the world, people avidly engage in the cultural practice of hunting. Children are taken on rite-of-passage hunting trips, where relationships are cemented and legacies are passed on from one generation to another. Meals are prepared from hunted game, often consisting of regionally specific dishes that reflect a community's heritage and character. Deer antlers and bear skins are hung on living room walls, decorations and relics of a hunter's most impressive kills. Only 5 percent of Americans are hunters, but that group has a substantial presence in the cultural consciousness. Hunting has spurred controversy in recent years, inciting protest from animal rights activists and lobbying from anti-cruelty demonstrators who denounce the custom. But hunters have responded to such criticisms and the resulting legislative censures with a significant argument in their defense -- the claim that their practices are inextricably connected to a cultural tradition. Further, they counter that they, as representatives of the rural lifestyle, pioneer heritage, and traditional American values, are the ones being victimized. Simon J. Bronner investigates this debate in Killing Tradition: Inside Hunting and Animal Rights Controversies. Through extensive research and fieldwork, Bronner takes on the many questions raised by this problematic subject: Does hunting promote violence toward humans as well as animals? Is it an outdated activity, unnecessary in modern times? Is the heritage of hunting worth preserving? Killing Tradition looks at three case studies that are at the heart of today's hunting debate. Bronner first examines the allegedly barbaric rituals that take place at deer camps every late November in rural America. He then analyzes the annual Labor Day pigeon shoot of Hegins, Pennsylvania, which brings animal rights protests to a fever pitch. Noting that these aren't simply American concerns (and that the animal rights movement in America is linked to British animal welfare protests), Bronner examines the rancor surrounding the passage of Great Britain's Hunting Act of 2004 -- the most comprehensive and divisive anti-hunting legislation ever enacted. The practice of hunting is sure to remain controversial, as it continues to be touted and defended by its supporters and condemned and opposed by its detractors. With Killing Tradition, Bronner reflects on the social, psychological, and anthropological issues of the debate, reevaluating notions of violence, cruelty, abuse, and tradition as they have been constructed and contested in the twenty-first century.
Release

Animal Rights Without Liberation

Applied Ethics and Human Obligations

Author: Alasdair Cochrane

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231504438

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 7886

Alasdair Cochrane introduces an entirely new theory of animal rights grounded in their interests as sentient beings. He then applies this theory to different and underexplored policy areas, such as genetic engineering, pet-keeping, indigenous hunting, and religious slaughter. In contrast to other proponents of animal rights, Cochrane claims that because most sentient animals are not autonomous agents, they have no intrinsic interest in liberty. As such, he argues that our obligations to animals lie in ending practices that cause their suffering and death and do not require the liberation of animals. Cochrane's "interest-based rights approach" weighs the interests of animals to determine which is sufficient to impose strict duties on humans. In so doing, Cochrane acknowledges that sentient animals have a clear and discernable right not to be made to suffer and not to be killed, but he argues that they do not have a prima facie right to liberty. Because most animals possess no interest in leading freely chosen lives, humans have no moral obligation to liberate them. Moving beyond theory to the practical aspects of applied ethics, this pragmatic volume provides much-needed perspective on the realities and responsibilities of the human-animal relationship.
Release

What Animals Want

Expertise and Advocacy in Laboratory Animal Welfare Policy

Author: Larry Carbone

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199882991

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 4555

Larry Carbone, a veterinarian who is in charge of the lab animal welfare assurance program at a major research university, presents this scholarly history of animal rights. Biomedical researchers, and the less fanatical among the animal rights activists will find this book reasonable, humane, and novel in its perspective. It brings a novel, sociological perspective to an area that has been addressed largely from a philosophical perspective, or from the entrenched positions of highly committed advocates of a particular position in the debate.
Release

A Communion of Subjects

Animals in Religion, Science, and Ethics

Author: Paul Waldau,Kimberley Christine Patton

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231509979

Category: Philosophy

Page: 720

View: 4166

A Communion of Subjects is the first comparative and interdisciplinary study of the conceptualization of animals in world religions. Scholars from a wide range of disciplines, including Thomas Berry (cultural history), Wendy Doniger (study of myth), Elizabeth Lawrence (veterinary medicine, ritual studies), Marc Bekoff (cognitive ethology), Marc Hauser (behavioral science), Steven Wise (animals and law), Peter Singer (animals and ethics), and Jane Goodall (primatology) consider how major religious traditions have incorporated animals into their belief systems, myths, rituals, and art. Their findings offer profound insights into humans' relationships with animals and a deeper understanding of the social and ecological web in which we all live. Contributors examine Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Daoism, Confucianism, African religions, traditions from ancient Egypt and early China, and Native American, indigenous Tibetan, and Australian Aboriginal traditions, among others. They explore issues such as animal consciousness, suffering, sacrifice, and stewardship in innovative methodological ways. They also address contemporary challenges relating to law, biotechnology, social justice, and the environment. By grappling with the nature and ideological features of various religious views, the contributors cast religious teachings and practices in a new light. They reveal how we either intentionally or inadvertently marginalize "others," whether they are human or otherwise, reflecting on the ways in which we assign value to living beings. Though it is an ancient concern, the topic of "Religion and Animals" has yet to be systematically studied by modern scholars. This groundbreaking collection takes the first steps toward a meaningful analysis.
Release

The Animal Rights/Environmental Ethics Debate

The Environmental Perspective

Author: Eugene C. Hargrove

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791409343

Category: Philosophy

Page: 273

View: 1581

Reprints 11 articles and chapters of books that document the environmental ethics view of the animal-rights movement, exploring whether animal welfare considerations can provide a basis for an environmental ethic. Offered as a view of wildlife to complement (and challenge at times) the animal-rights literature, which focuses on domestic animals and subjects of experiments. Paper edition (unseen), $14.95. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Release

The Complete Textbook of Animal Health & Welfare E-Book

Author: Jane Williams

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702049352

Category: Medical

Page: 504

View: 7610

The Complete Textbook of Animal Health and Welfare is a core text for students in animal care, animal technology or animal science programmes, and a supplementary text for related equine, wildlife and veterinary courses. It provides an in depth text for students at Further Education (FE) levels 2 and 3, and a foundation text for students studying in Higher Education. Each chapter covers the subject in depth (level 3 FE) via diagrams, images and text, then summarises it at a foundation level (level 2 FE) to engage students of different abilities. core text for students studying animal care, animal technology or animal science supplementary text for related equine, wildlife and veterinary courses reflects all aspects covered in the animal care curriculum highly illustrated written by author with expertise in this area with many contributions from experienced educationalists and experts to ensure quality & validity covers all species
Release