Anarchy and Society

Reflections on Anarchist Sociology

Author: Jeffrey Shantz,Dana M. Williams

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004252991

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 3419

Anarchy and Society constructs a tentative synthesis of sociological and anarchist thought, providing a roadmap to a future ‘anarchist sociology’.
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Between Anarchy and Society

Trusteeship and the Obligations of Power

Author: William Bain

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191608327

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 8802

The international administration of troubled states - whether in Bosnia, Kosovo, or East Timor - has seen a return to the principle of trusteeship; that is when some form of international supervision is required in a particular territory in order both to maintain order and to foster the norms and practices of fair self-government. This innovative study rescues the normative discourse of trusteeship from the obscurity into which it has fallen since decolonization. It traces the development of trusteeship from its emergence out of debates concerning the misrule of the East India Company; its internationalization in imperial Africa; its institutionalization in the League of Nations mandates system, and, then, in the United Nations trusteeship system; and the destruction of its legitimacy by the ideas of self-determination and human equality. No other book brings this rich historical experience to bear on the dilemmas posed by the resurrection of trusteeship after the end of the Cold War. It is with a view to contemporary world problems that this book explores the obligations that attach to preponderant power and the limits that should be observed in exercising that power for the sake of global good. The book concludes by arguing that trusteeship remains fundamentally at odds with the ideas of human dignity and equality.
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Precarious Labour and Informal Economy

Work, Anarchy, and Society in an Indian Village

Author: Smita Yadav

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319779710

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

View: 4341

An empirical account of one of India’s largest indigenous populations, this book tells the story of the Gonds—who currently face displacement and governmental control of the region’s forests, which has crippled their economy. Rather than protesting and calling for state intervention, the Gonds have turned toward an informal economy: they not only engage with flexible forms of work, but also bargain for higher wages and experience agency and autonomy. Smita Yadav conceives of this withdrawal from the state in favour of precarious forms of work as an expression of anarchy by this marginalized population. Even as she provides rich detail of the Gonds’ unusual working lives, which integrate work, labour, and debt practices with ideologies of family and society, Yadav illustrates the strength required to maintain dignity when a welfare state has failed.
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Order and Anarchy

Civil Society, Social Disorder and War

Author: Robert Layton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139455060

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9617

Through the study of civil society, the evolution of social relations, and the breakdown of social order, Order and Anarchy re-examines the role of violence in human social evolution. Drawing on anthropology, political science, and evolutionary theory, it offers a novel approach to understanding stability and instability in human society. Robert Layton provides a radical critique of current concepts of civil society, arguing that rational action is characteristic of all human societies and not unique to post-Enlightenment Europe. Case studies range from ephemeral African gold rush communities and the night club scene in Britain to stable hunter-gatherer and peasant cultures. The dynamics of recent civil wars in the former Yugoslavia, Chad, Somalia and Indonesia are compared to war in small-scale tribal societies, arguing that recent claims for the evolutionary value of violence have misunderstood the complexity of human strategies and the social environments in which they are played out.
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Politics from Anarchy to Democracy

Rational Choice in Political Science

Author: Irwin Lester Morris,Joe A. Oppenheimer,Karol Edward So?tan

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804745840

Category: Political Science

Page: 245

View: 5845

Although the study of politics dates to ancient Greece, the basic questions that interested those earliest political scientists still linger with us today: What are the origins of government? What should government do? What conditions foster effective governance? Rational choice theory offers a new means for developing correctable answers to these questions. This volume illustrates the promise of rational choice theory and demonstrates how theory can help us develop interesting, fresh conclusions about the fundamental processes of politics. Each of the book’s three sections begins with a pedagogical overview that is accessible to those with little knowledge of rational choice theory. The first group of essays then discusses various ways in which rational choice contributes to our understanding of the foundations of government. The second set focuses on the contributions of rational choice theory to institutional analysis. The final group demonstrates ways in which rational choice theory helps to understand the character of popular government.
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Anarchy and Culture

Author: David Weir

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 9781558490840

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 303

View: 7130

Argues that anarchism was far more successful as a cultural influence on nineteenth-century writers and artists than as a political movement, and that as such it continues to affect modernist and postmodernist esthetics.
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International Society and the Development of International Relations Theory

Author: B. A. Roberson

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826452245

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 5795

A critical appreciation of the development of the international society idea and its influence on and relation to the development of the international relations theory. A critical look is taken at the intellectual development of key members of the English School. The concept of the School itself and the place of the School's theory in contemporary international relations approaches are examined.
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Anarchism

Author: N.A

Publisher: Black Rose Books Ltd.

ISBN: 9781551645766

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 8419

Volume One of Anarchism: A Documentary History of Libertarian Ideas, is a comprehensive and far ranging collection of anarchist writings from the feudal era (300) to 1939. Edited and introduced by noted anarchist scholar Robert Graham, the collection will include the definitive texts from the anarchist tradition of political thought, beginning with some of the earliest writings from China and Europe against feudal servitude and authority. The collection will then go on to document the best of the anti-authoritarian writings from the English and French Revolutions and the early development of libertarian socialist ideas, including such writers as Gerrard Winstanley, William Godwin, Charles Fourier, Max Stirner, as well as the early anarchist writings of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Michael Bakunin, Peter Kropotkin, Errico Malatesta, Elisee Reclus, Leo Tolstoy, and Emma Goldman. This incomparable volume deals both with the positive ideas and proposals the anarchists tried to put into practice, and with the anarchist critiques of the authoritarian theories and practices confronting them during these years with their revolutionary upheavals. Robert Graham has written extensively on the history of anarchist ideas. He is the author of “The Role of Contract in Anarchist Ideology,” in the Routledge publication, For Anarchism, edited by David Goodway, and he wrote the introduction to the 1989 Pluto Press edition of Proudhon’s General Idea of the Revolution in the 19th Century, originally published in 1851. He has been doing research and writing on the historical development of anarchist ideas for over 20 years and is a well respected commentator in the field. Includes original portraits of the anarchists drawn by Maurice Spira specifically for this book Spira’s imagery is rooted to the political, his subject matter global. Works such as “Battle of Seattle,” “Gulf,” and “Refugees” are the visual equivalent of newspaper headlines.
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Community, Anarchy and Liberty

Author: Michael Taylor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521270144

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 2512

Author argues for a viable and stable form of anarchic or stateless society, relying crucially on a form of community. He examines existing anarchic or semi-anarchic societies to show that it is possible to maintain ideals in a communitarian anarchy.
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Making Sense of Anarchism

Errico Malatesta’s Experiments with Revolution, 1889-1900

Author: Davide Turcato

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113727140X

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 5730

Can we make sense of anarchism or is that an oxymoron? Guided by the principle that someone else's rationality is not an empirical finding but a methodological presumption, this book addresses that question as it investigates the ideas and action of one of the most prominent and underrated anarchists of all times: the Italian, Errico Malatesta.
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Frei Von Herrschaft

Fragmente Einer Anarchistischen Anthropologie

Author: David Graeber

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783779502081

Category: Anarchie

Page: 254

View: 9835

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The Welfare Economics of Markets, Voting and Predation

Author: Dan Usher

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719034336

Category: Economic policy

Page: 487

View: 6877

This work dwells upon two themes, each of which differs from traditional welfare economics - predation or taking (as a source of inefficiency in the economy) and the tension between voting and markets as alternative methods of decision-making.
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Law as Refuge of Anarchy

Societies without Hegemony or State

Author: Hermann Amborn

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262536587

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 6642

A study of communities in the Horn of Africa where reciprocity is a dominant social principle, offering a concrete countermodel to the hierarchical state. Over the course of history, people have developed many varieties of communal life; the state, with its hierarchical structure, is only one of the possibilities for society. In this book, leading anthropologist Hermann Amborn identifies a countermodel to the state, describing communities where reciprocity is a dominant social principle and where egalitarianism is a matter of course. He pays particular attention to such communities in the Horn of Africa, where nonhierarchical, nonstate societies exist within the borders of a hierarchical structured state. This form of community, Amborn shows, is not a historical forerunner to monarchy or the primitive state, nor is it obsolete as a social model. These communities offer a concrete counterexample to societies with strict hierarchical structures. Amborn investigates social forms of expression, ideas, practices, and institutions that oppose the hegemony of one group over another, exploring how conceptions of values and laws counteract tendencies toward the accumulation of power. He examines not only how the nonhegemonic ethos is reflected in law but also how anarchic social formations can exist. In the Horn of Africa, the autonomous jurisdiction of these societies protects against destructive outside influences, offers a counterweight to hegemonic violence, and contributes to the stabilization of communal life. In an era of widespread dissatisfaction with Western political systems, Amborn's study offers an opportunity to shift from traditional theories of anarchism and nonhegemony that project a stateless society to consider instead stateless societies already in operation.
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The Problem of Political Authority

An Examination of the Right to Coerce and the Duty to Obey

Author: Michael Huemer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137281669

Category: Philosophy

Page: 365

View: 1690

The state is often ascribed a special sort of authority, one that obliges citizens to obey its commands and entitles the state to enforce those commands through threats of violence. This book argues that this notion is a moral illusion: no one has ever possessed that sort of authority.
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Anarchism

From Theory to Practice

Author: Daniel Guerin

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1583674926

Category: Political Science

Page: 166

View: 9937

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Anarchy as Order

The History and Future of Civic Humanity

Author: Mohammed A. Bamyeh

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742566625

Category: Political Science

Page: 250

View: 2510

This original and impressively researched book explores the concept of anarchy—"unimposed order"—as the most humane and stable form of order in a chaotic world. Mohammed A. Bamyeh traces the historical foundations of anarchy and convincingly presents it as an alternative to both tyranny and democracy. He shows how anarchy is the best manifestation of civic order, of a healthy civil society, and of humanity's noblest attributes. A cogent and compelling critique of the modern state, this provocative book clarifies how anarchy may be both a guide for rational social order and a science of humanity.
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International Territorial Administration

How Trusteeship and the Civilizing Mission Never Went Away

Author: Ralph Wilde

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199577897

Category: Law

Page: 640

View: 1490

This is the first comprehensive treatment of the reasons why international organizations have engaged in territorial administration. The book describes the role of international territorial administration and analyses the various purposes associated with this activity, revealing the objectives which territorial administration seeks to achieve.
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