Anarchism: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Colin Ward

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191577987

Category: Political Science

Page: 128

View: 9872

The word 'anarchism' tends to conjure up images of aggressive protest against government, and - recently - of angry demonstrations against bodies such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. But is anarchism inevitably linked with violent disorder? Do anarchists adhere to a coherent ideology? What exactly is anarchism? In this Very Short Introduction, Colin Ward considers anarchism from a variety of perspectives: theoretical, historical, and international, and by exploring key anarchist thinkers from Kropotkin to Chomsky. He looks critically at anarchism by evaluating key ideas within it, such as its blanket opposition to incarceration, and policy of 'no compromise' with the apparatus of political decision-making. Among the questions he ponders are: can anarchy ever function effectively as a political force? Is it more 'organized' and 'reasonable' than is currently perceived? Whatever the politics of the reader, Ward's argument ensures that anarchism will be much better understood after reading this book. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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Mein Katalonien

Bericht über den Spanischen Bürgerkrieg

Author: George Orwell

Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG

ISBN: 3257602480

Category: Fiction

Page: 288

View: 3274

Ende 1936 kam Orwell als Zeitungsreporter nach Barcelona, um über den Bürgerkrieg zu berichten. Er schloß sich der Miliz P.O.U.M. an, der Arbeiterpartei der marxistischen Einigung, und kämpfte den Winter über an der Front in Aragonien. Als er wenig später mit ansehen mußte, wie die Kommunisten bei der Ausschaltung der ihnen nicht genehmen Truppen Methoden der faschistischen Geheimpolizei anwandten, wurde er zu einem der erbittertsten Feinde des sowjetischen Totalitarismus.
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Anarchy in Action

Author: Colin Ward

Publisher: PM Press

ISBN: 1629633186

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 7135

The argument of this book is that an anarchist society, a society which organizes itself without authority, is always in existence, like a seed beneath the snow, buried under the weight of the state and its bureaucracy, capitalism and its waste, privilege and its injustices, nationalism and its suicidal loyalties, religious differences and their superstitious separatism. Anarchist ideas are so much at variance with ordinary political assumptions and the solutions anarchists offer so remote, that all too often people find it hard to take anarchism seriously. This classic text is an attempt to bridge the gap between the present reality and anarchist aspirations, "between what is and what, according to the anarchists, might be." Through a wide-ranging analysis—drawing on examples from education, urban planning, welfare, housing, the environment, the workplace, and the family, to name but a few—Colin Ward demonstrates that the roots of anarchist practice are not so alien or quixotic as they might at first seem but lie precisely in the ways that people have always tended to organize themselves when left alone to do so. The result is both an accessible introduction for those new to anarchism and pause for thought for those who are too quick to dismiss it.
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Frei Von Herrschaft

Fragmente Einer Anarchistischen Anthropologie

Author: David Graeber

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783779502081

Category: Anarchie

Page: 254

View: 7409

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Socialism: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Michael Newman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192804316

Category: Political Science

Page: 171

View: 8827

Offering a practical and historical perspective on socialism this work explains the evolution of socialist ideas from the French Revolution, and examines why past attempts to implement socialism might have failed.
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Decadence: a Very Short Introduction

Author: David Weir

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190610220

Category: Civilization

Page: 160

View: 7752

The history of decadent culture runs from ancient Rome to nineteenth-century Paris, Victorian London, fin de siecle Vienna, Weimar Berlin, and beyond. The decline of Rome provides the pattern for both aesthetic and social decadence, a pattern that artists and writers in the nineteenth century imitated, emulated, parodied, and otherwise manipulated for aesthetic gain. What begins as the moral condemnation of modernity in mid-nineteenth century France on the part of decadent authors such as Charles Baudelaire ends up as the perverse celebration of the pessimism that accompanies imperial decline. This delight in decline informs the rich canon of decadence that runs from Joris-Karl Huysmans's A Rebours to Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray, Aubrey Beardsley's drawings, Gustav Klimt's paintings, and numerous other works. In this Very Short Introduction, David Weir explores the conflicting attitudes towards modernity present in decadent culture by examining the difference between aesthetic decadence--the excess of artifice--and social decadence, which involves excess in a variety of forms, whether perversely pleasurable or gratuitously cruel. Such contrariness between aesthetic and social decadence led some of its practitioners to substitute art for life and to stress the importance of taste over morality, a maneuver with far-reaching consequences, especially as decadence enters the realm of popular culture today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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Political Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Author: David Miller

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192803956

Category: Philosophy

Page: 147

View: 7135

This book introduces readers to the concepts of political philosophy. It starts by explaining why the subject is important and how it tackles basic ethical questions such as 'how should we live together in society?' It looks at political authority, the reasons why we need politics at all, the limitations of politics, and whether there are areas of life that shouldn't be governed by politics. It explores the connections between political authority and justice, a constant theme in political philosophy, and the ways in which social justice can be used to regulate rather than destroy a market economy. David Miller discusses why nations are the natural units of government and whether the rise of multiculturalism and transnational co-operation will change this: will we ever see the formation of a world government? ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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Die Tat

Gefängniserinnerungen eines Anarchisten

Author: Alexander Berkman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783897719040

Category:

Page: 400

View: 5309

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Talking Anarchy

Author: Colin Ward,David Goodway

Publisher: PM Press

ISBN: 1604869054

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 9152

The ups and downs of the anarchist movement during the last century is discussed in this introduction to anarchist thought. Of all political views anarchism is the most ill-represented. For more than 30 years, in more than 30 books, Colin Ward has been patiently explaining anarchist solutions to everything from vandalism to climate change—as well as celebrating unofficial uses of the landscape as commons, from holiday camps to squatter communities. In this discussion with David Goodway, the many famous characters who were anarchists, or associated with the movement, are explored, including Herbert Read, Alex Comfort, Marie Louise Berneri, Paul Goodman, Noam Chomsky, and George Orwell.
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Unendlich fordernd

Ethik der Verpflichtung, Politik des Widerstands

Author: Simon Critchley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783037340479

Category:

Page: 182

View: 8797

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Anarchy and Society

Reflections on Anarchist Sociology

Author: Jeffrey Shantz,Dana M. Williams

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004252991

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 6821

Anarchy and Society constructs a tentative synthesis of sociological and anarchist thought, providing a roadmap to a future ‘anarchist sociology’.
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Justice, Order and Anarchy

The International Political Theory of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

Author: Alex Prichard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113673273X

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 6624

This book provides a contextual account of the first anarchist theory of war and peace, and sheds new light on our contemporary understandings of anarchy in International Relations. Although anarchy is arguably the core concept of the discipline of international relations, scholarship has largely ignored the insights of the first anarchist, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon. Proudhon's anarchism was a critique of the projects of national unification, universal dominion, republican statism and the providentialism at the heart of enlightenment social theory. While his break with the key tropes of modernity pushed him to the margins of political theory, Prichard links Proudhon back into the republican tradition of political thought from which his ideas emerged, and shows how his defence of anarchy was a critique of the totalising modernist projects of his contemporaries. Given that we are today moving beyond the very statist processes Proudhon objected to, his writings present an original take on how to institutionalise justice and order in our radically pluralised, anarchic international order. Rethinking the concept and understanding of anarchy, Justice, Order and Anarchy will be of interest to students and scholars of political philosophy, anarchism and international relations theory.
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Spectrum of Terror

Author: R. Hrair Dekmejian

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1483389219

Category: Political Science

Page: 325

View: 3026

Since 9/11, images of fanatical jihadists have become the international symbol of terrorism. In the wake of the attacks, journalists and academics alike have taken up the task of trying to make sense of these seemingly alien terrorist organizations. Many of these sources have perpetuated the idea that terrorists are unknowable or irrational. What is often missed is the degree to which terrorists have motivations that can be grasped and understood. In his new text, Dekmejian places terrorism within a spectrum of political violence, creating a typology of terror based on scale and intent as well as by type of actor—from isolated attacks by individual bombers, to large scale attacks against state targets by organized networks, to state-sponsored genocide and politicide—thus facilitating comparisons across multiple cases. As well, the book’s model of conflict is informed by game theory, enriched with understandings of psychological, cultural, and historical contexts, helping students focus on the strategies and desired outcomes of different parties to conflict. This analytic approach enables students to trace the changes in mutual perceptions and preferences between terrorists and their targets and leads to a fuller understanding of the causes and dynamics of political violence. The book’s uniquely comprehensive coverage of terrorism includes extended cases on the IRA, the Tamil Tigers, Chechen rebels, Al Qaeda, Aum Shinrikyo, Hizbullah, and Hamas. Each case looks at the historical origins, political factors, leadership, and organization of the group to give context. Discussions of typical tactics, patterns of violence, the role of external actors, and outcomes help readers to explore possible solutions that might stop the cycle of violence and promote peaceful coexistence among the antagonists. Appendix materials include glossaries of terrorist groups and technical terms.
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Critical Animal Geographies

Politics, Intersections and Hierarchies in a Multispecies World

Author: Kathryn Gillespie,Rosemary-Claire Collard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317649265

Category: Science

Page: 234

View: 7405

Critical Animal Geographies provides new geographical perspectives on critical animal studies, exploring the spatial, political, and ethical dimensions of animals’ lived experience and human-animal encounter. It works toward a more radical politics and?theory directed at the shifting boundary between human and animal. Chapters draw together feminist, political-economic, post-humanist, anarchist, post-colonial, and critical race literatures with original case studies in order to see how efforts by some humans to control and order life – human and not – violate, constrain, and impinge upon others. Central to all chapters is a commitment to grappling with the stakes – violence, death, life, autonomy – of human-animal encounters. Equally, the work in the collection addresses head-on the dominant forces shaping and dependent on these encounters: capitalism, racism, colonialism, and so on. In doing so, the book pushes readers to confront how human-animal relations are mixed up with overlapping axes of power and exploitation, including gender, race, class, and species.
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Terrorism

Author: Charles Townshend

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198809093

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 4757

Is one person's terrorist another's freedom fighter? Is terrorism crime or war? Can there be a "War on Terror"? For many, the terrorist attacks of September 2001 changed the face of the world, pushing terrorism to the top of political agendas, and leading to a series of world events including the war in Iraq and the invasion of Afghanistan. The recent terror attacks in various European cities have shown that terrorism remains a crucial issue today. Charting a clear path through the efforts to understand and explain modern terrorism, Charles Townshend examines the historical, ideological, and local roots of terrorist violence. Starting from the question of why terrorists find it so easy to seize public attention, this new edition analyzes the emergence of terrorism as a political strategy, and discusses the objectives which have been pursued by users of this strategy from French revolutionaries to Islamic jihadists. Considering the kinds of groups and individuals who adopt terrorism, Townshend discusses the emergence of ISIS and the upsurge in individual suicide action, and explores the issues involved in finding a proportionate response to the threat they present, particularly by liberal democratic societies. Analyzing the growing use of knives and other edged weapons in attacks, and the issue of "cyberterror," Townshend details the use of counterterrorist measures, from control orders to drone strikes, including the Belgian and French responses to the Brussels, Paris, Nice, and Rouen attacks. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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Was für Lebewesen sind wir?

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518748289

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 3465

Noam Chomsky gilt als der Begründer der modernen Linguistik und als einer der Gründerväter der Kognitionswissenschaften. Zugleich ist er einer der meistgelesenen politischen Denker der Welt. Dieses Buch ist die philosophische Summe seines Lebens: Erstmals führt er alle seine großen Themen zusammen und begibt sich auf die Suche nach dem Wesen des Menschen. Chomsky nimmt seinen Ausgang bei der Sprache. Diese ist für ihn ein angeborener Mechanismus, der ein keineswegs zwingendes Muster aufweist und unser Denken bestimmt. Wir alle denken gemäß diesem Muster – und daher können wir auch nur das wissen, was die menschliche Sprache zu denken erlaubt. Einige Geheimisse der Natur könnten uns deshalb für immer verborgen bleiben. Zugleich eröffnet die Sprache aber eine kreative Freiheit; uns ist ein Freiheitsinstinkt gegeben, der uns gegen Herrschaft aufbegehren und eine freie Entfaltung suchen lässt. In der libertären Tradition von Wilhelm von Humboldt, John Stuart Mill und Rudolf Rocker zeichnet uns Chomsky als anarchische Lebewesen, die nach einer Assoziation freier Menschen streben.
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The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies

Author: Michael Freeden,Lyman Tower Sargent,Marc Stears

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191663719

Category: Political Science

Page: 752

View: 5796

This is the first comprehensive volume to offer a state of the art investigation both of the nature of political ideologies and of their main manifestations. The diversity of ideology studies is represented by a mixture of the range of theories that illuminate the field, combined with an appreciation of the changing complexity of concrete ideologies and the emergence of new ones. Ideologies, however, are always with us. The Handbook is divided into three sections: The first is divided into three sections: The first reflects some of the latest thinking about the development of ideology on an historical dimension, from the standpoints of conceptual history, Marx studies, social science theory and history, and leading schools of continental philosophy. The second includes some of the most recent interpretations and theories of ideology, all of which are sympathetic in their own ways to its exploration and close investigation, even when judiciously critical of its social impact. This section contains many of the more salient contemporary accounts of ideology. The third focuses on the leading ideological families and traditions, as well as on some of their cultural and geographical manifestations, incorporating both historical and contemporary perspectives. Each chapter is written by an expert in their field, bringing the latest approaches and understandings to their task. The Handbook will position the study of ideologies in the mainstream of political theory and political analysis and will attest to its indispensability both to courses on political theory and to scholars who wish to take their understanding of ideologies in new directions.
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