Analyzing Social Settings

A Guide to Qualitative Observation and Analysis

Author: John Lofland,Lyn H. Lofland

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Qualitative research

Page: 267

View: 8642

This comprehensive guide takes a how-to approach to qualitative data collection and analysis. Drawing from a wealth of illustrative research examples and applications, the authors introduce techniques of collecting, focusing, and analyzing data in a step-by-step manner. First published in 1971, this book has become the field manual for any student doing social science fieldwork.
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Analyzing Social Settings

A Guide to Qualitative Observation and Analysis

Author: John Lofland,Lyn H. Lofland

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 2541

This comprehensive guide takes a how-to approach to qualitative data collection and analysis. Drawing from a wealth of illustrative research examples and applications, the authors introduce techniques of collecting, focusing, and analyzing data in a step-by-step manner. First published in 1971, this book has become the field manual for any student doing social science fieldwork.
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Qualitative Research Methods in Psychology

Combining Core Approaches

Author: Nollaig Frost

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335241522

Category: Psychology

Page: 223

View: 2988

The text provides practical guidance on carrying out qualitative research and introduces four widely used qualitative approaches.
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The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Research Methods

Author: David Gadd,Susanne Karstedt,Steven F Messner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446254461

Category: Social Science

Page: 552

View: 869

Conducting research into crime and criminal justice carries unique challenges. This Handbook focuses on the application of 'methods' to address the core substantive questions that currently motivate contemporary criminological research. It maps a canon of methods that are more elaborated than in most other fields of social science, and the intellectual terrain of research problems with which criminologists are routinely confronted. Drawing on exemplary studies, chapters in each section illustrate the techniques (qualitative and quantitative) that are commonly applied in empirical studies, as well as the logic of criminological enquiry. Organized into five sections, each prefaced by an editorial introduction, the Handbook covers: • Crime and Criminals • Contextualizing Crimes in Space and Time: Networks, Communities and Culture • Perceptual Dimensions of Crime • Criminal Justice Systems: Organizations and Institutions • Preventing Crime and Improving Justice Edited by leaders in the field of criminological research, and with contributions from internationally renowned experts, The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Research Methods is set to become the definitive resource for postgraduates, researchers and academics in criminology, criminal justice, policing, law, and sociology. David Gadd is Professor of Criminology at Manchester University School of Law where he is also Director of the Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice. Susanne Karstedt has a Chair in Criminology and Criminological Justice at the University of Leeds. Steven F. Messner is Distinguished Teaching Professor of Sociology, University at Albany, State University of New York.
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Getting Played

African American Girls, Urban Inequality, and Gendered Violence

Author: Jody Miller

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814795757

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 2849

2010 Distinguished Contribution to Scholarship Book Award from the American Sociological Association; Race, Gender, and Class Section 2008 Finalist, The Society for the Study of Social Problems C. Wright Mills Award Much has been written about the challenges that face urban African American young men, but less is said about the harsh realities for African American young women in disadvantaged communities. Sexual harassment, sexual assault, dating violence, and even gang rape are not uncommon experiences. In Getting Played, sociologist Jody Miller presents a compelling picture of this dire social problem and explores how inextricably, and tragically, linked violence is to their daily lives in poor urban neighborhoods. Drawing from richly textured interviews with adolescent girls and boys, Miller brings a keen eye to the troubling realities of a world infused with danger and gender-based violence. These girls are isolated, ignored, and often victimized by those considered family and friends. Community institutions such as the police and schools that are meant to protect them often turn a blind eye, leaving girls to fend for themselves. Miller draws a vivid picture of the race and gender inequalities that harm these communities—and how these result in deeply and dangerously engrained beliefs about gender that teach youths to see such violence—rather than the result of broader social inequalities—as deserved due to individual girls' flawed characters, i.e., she deserved it. Through Miller's careful analysis of these engaging, often unsettling stories, Getting Played shows us not only how these young women are victimized, but how, despite vastly inadequate social support and opportunities, they struggle to navigate this dangerous terrain.
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Einführung in die computergestützte Analyse qualitativer Daten

Author: Udo Kuckartz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531921266

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 1216

Die sozialwissenschaftliche Analyse von qualitativen Daten, die Text- und Inhaltsanalyse lassen sich heute sehr effektiv mit Unterstützung von Computerprogrammen durchführen. Der Einsatz von QDA-Software verspricht mehr Effizienz und Transparenz der Analyse. Dieses Buch gibt einen Überblick über diese neuen Arbeitstechniken, diskutiert die zugrunde liegenden methodischen Konzepte (u.a. die Grounded Theory und die Qualitative Inhaltsanalyse) und gibt praktische Hinweise zur Umsetzung.
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Grounded theory

Strategien qualitativer Forschung

Author: Barney G. Glaser,Anselm L. Strauss,Axel T. Paul

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783456849065

Category:

Page: 278

View: 1041

Der Klassiker über den qualitativen Forschungsansatz der "Grounded Theory", geschrieben von den Entwicklern dieser Methode "Obwohl unser Buch sich in erster Linie an Soziologen richtet, glauben wir, dass es jedem nutzen kann, der daran interessiert ist, soziale Phänomene zu untersuchen politischer, pädagogischer, wirtschaftlicher, industrieller oder welcher Art auch immer." In der Tat ist "Grounded Theory" quer durch die wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen zum Standardbegriff der qualitativen Sozialforschung ge - worden. Die inzwischen zum Klassiker avancierte Arbeit von Glaser und Strauss eröffnet eine lehrbare und auch lernbare Forschungsstrategie. Das Konzept bietet eine Antwort auf das Problem, die oft schmerzlich empfundene Lücke zwischen empirischer Forschung und Theorie zu schliessen.
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Quantity and Quality in Social Research

Author: Alan Bryman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134897367

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 9040

First published in 1988. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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Computergestützte Analyse qualitativer Daten

Eine Einführung in Methoden und Arbeitstechniken

Author: Udo Kuckartz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322865924

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 7347

"Wie aufregend Ihre Erfahrungen bei der Datenerhebung auch sein mögen, es kommt der Tag an dem die Daten analysiert werden müssen." (Anselm Strauss) Die sozialwissenschaftlich orientierte Analyse von qualitativen Daten, die Text- und Inhaltsanalyse lassen sich heute sehr effektiv mit Unterstützung von Computerprogrammen durchführen. In diesem Buch werden die methodischen Grundlagen - u. a. Qualitative und klassische Inhaltsanalyse, "Grounded Theory" - und die praktischen Arbeitstechniken dieser neuen computergestützten Methoden dargestellt. Lange Zeit fanden Probleme der Auswertung qualitativer Daten relativ wenig Beachtung - man interessierte sich vorrangig für Fragen der Datenerhebung und des Feldzugangs. Im letzten Jahrzehnt hat sich dies stark verändert. Die computergestützten Methoden der Textanalyse und die speziell hierfür konzipierten Softwareprogramme haben sich mit rasantem Tempo entwickelt und sind in den USA und England mittlerweile zum Standard geworden. Das Buch gibt einen Überblick über diese neuen Analysetechniken, diskutiert die zugrunde liegenden methodischen Konzepte und behandelt exemplarisch Fragen der Auswertung, z. B.: Wie werden Kategoriensysteme konstruiert? Wie lassen sich qualitative Hypothesen entwickeln? Wie lassen sich qualitative und quantitative Analysetechniken integrieren? Wie lassen sich Muster in den Daten entdecken und Typologien konstruieren?
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Logistikoptimierung durch Outsourcing

Erfolgswirkung und Erfolgsfaktoren

Author: Christoph Engelbrecht

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783824481088

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 344

View: 9867

Christoph Engelbrecht weist einen positiven Zusammenhang zwischen dem Outsourcinggrad und dem Erfolg der Logistik nach. Er untermauert die Bedeutung der Flussorientierung eines Unternehmens und zeigt, dass eine zu starke Fixierung auf die Senkung der Logistikkosten kontraproduktiv ist.
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Qualitative Interviews

Author: Sabina Misoch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110354616

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 9777

Dieser Band bietet eine Einführung in die Theorie und forschungspraktische Durchführung qualitativer Interviews. Hierfür werden Ziele, zentrale Prinzipien und die wichtigsten Methoden zur Erhebung verbaler Daten dargestellt. Des Weiteren werden die Gütekriterien qualitativer Forschung beleuchtet, Samplingstrategien erörtert, die in der Praxis auftretenden Probleme diskutiert und die besondere Rolle des Interviewenden bei qualitativen Interviews aufgezeigt. Kernstück des Bandes ist die umfassende Darstellung von insgesamt 16 verschiedenen Methoden zur Durchführung qualitativer Interviews, wobei sowohl narrative, semi-strukturierte Leitfadeninterviews als auch gruppenorientierte Verfahren zur Erhebung qualitativer verbaler Daten berücksichtigt werden. Diese Verfahren werden jeweils übersichtlich und nachvollziehbar erörtert und anhand von Schaubildern visualisiert. Abschließend wird jede Methode und deren forschungspraktische Umsetzung kritisch gewürdigt. In einem Resümee werden die jeweiligen Vor- und Nachteile aller 16 dargestellten Verfahrensweisen verdeutlicht. Das Buch versteht sich als Leitfaden zur forschungspraktischen Umsetzung der dargestellten Methoden, aber auch als Beitrag zu den theoretischen Grundlagen qualitativer Interviews.
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Soziologische Phantasie

Author: C. Wright Mills

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365810015X

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 5968

Soziologische Phantasie, die erstmals 1963 erschienene deutsche Übersetzung von C. Wright Mills‘ The Sociological Imagination, darf zurecht als Meilenstein wissenschaftlich-politischer Debatten in den Vereinigten Staaten betrachtet werden und zählt auch heute noch zu einer der wichtigsten Selbstkritiken der Soziologie. Mills schlägt hier einen dritten Weg zwischen bloßem Empirismus und abgehobener Theorie ein: Er plädiert für eine kritische Sozialwissenschaft, die sich weder bürokratisch instrumentalisieren lässt noch selbstverliebt vor sich hin prozessiert, sondern gesellschaftliche Bedeutung erlangt, indem sie den Zusammenhang von persönlichen Schwierigkeiten und öffentlichen Problemen erhellt. Eben dies sei Aufgabe und Verheißung einer Soziologie, die sich viel zu häufig „einer merkwürdigen Lust an der Attitüde des Unbeteiligten“ hingebe.
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Grounded theory

Grundlagen qualitativer Sozialforschung

Author: Anselm L. Strauss,Juliet M. Corbin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783621272650

Category: Grounded theory

Page: 227

View: 2501

Studierende und Forscher verschiedener Disziplinen, die am Entwickeln einer Theorie interessiert sind, stellen sich nach der Datenerhebung oft die Frage: Wie komme ich zu einer Theorie, die sich auf die empirische Realität gründet? Die Autoren beantworten diese und andere Fragen, die sich bei der qualitativen Interpretation von Daten ergeben. Auf klare und einfache Art geschrieben vermittelt das Buch Schritt für Schritt die grundlegenden Kenntnisse und Verfahrensweisen der "grounded theory" (datenbasierte Theorie), so daß es besonders für Personen interessant ist, die sich zum ersten Mal mit der Theorienbildung anhand qualitativer Datenanalyse beschäftigen. Das Buch gliedert sich in drei Teile. Teil I bietet einen Überblick über die Denkweise, die der "grounded theory" zugrunde liegt. Teil II stellt die speziellen Techniken und Verfahrensweisen genau dar, wie z.B. verschiedene Kodierungsarten. In Teil III werden zusätzliche Verfahrensweisen erklärt und Evaluationskriterien genannt.
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Qualitative methods and analysis in organizational research

a practical guide

Author: Gillian Symon,Catherine Cassell

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd

ISBN: 9780761953500

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 255

View: 8992

Qualitative Methods and Analysis in Organizational Research brings together and describes a wide range of qualitative methods in organizational research and shows how they can be used in practice. The diversity of methods provided highlights the range of work issues and environments in which qualitative methods can be applied. An introduction describes the development, position, and value of qualitative approaches in research in organizations. Each subsequent chapter takes a particular method as its theme, outlining the method and how it has been used in organizational research so far. It then provides a detailed example, with step-by-step instructions, of using the method and concludes with an evaluation of its strengths and weaknesses. Qualitative Methods and Analysis in Organizational Research complements and extends the previous qualitative methods in organizational research volume by these two editors. It provides further methods of qualitative data collection, while also covering methods for qualitative data analysis. Providing precise guidelines on carrying out specific forms of qualitative research, Qualitative Methods and Analysis in Organizational Research will be invaluable to researchers, students, and practitioners in management, organizational behavior, occupational and organizational psychology, industrial relations, and human resource management.
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Representing Youth

Methodological Issues in Critical Youth Studies

Author: Amy L. Best

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814709176

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 9209

From youth culture to adolescent sexuality to the consumer purchasing power of children en masse, studies are flourishing. Yet doing research on this unquestionably more vulnerable—whether five or fifteen—population also poses a unique set of challenges and dilemmas for researchers. How should a six-year-old be approached for an interview? What questions and topics are appropriate for twelve year olds? Do parents need to give their approval for all studies? In Representing Youth, Amy L. Best has assembled an important group of essays from some of today’s top scholars on the subject of youth that address these concerns head on, providing scholars with thoughtful and often practical answers to their many methodological concerns. These original essays range from how to conduct research on youth in ways that can be empowering for them, to issues of writing and representation, to respecting boundaries and to dealing with issues of risk and responsibility to those interviewed. For anyone doing research or working with children and young adults, Representing Youth offers an indispensable guide to many of the unique dilemmas that research with kids entails. Contributors include: Amy L. Best, Sari Knopp Biklen, Elizabeth Chin, Susan Driver, Marc Flacks, Kathryn Gold Hadley, Madeline Leonard, C.J. Pascoe, Rebecca Raby, Alyssa Richman, Jessica Taft, Michael Ungar, Yvonne Vissing, and Stephani Etheridge Woodson.
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Qualitative data analysis

an expanded sourcebook

Author: Matthew B. Miles,A. M. Huberman

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 932

The latest edition of this best-selling textbook by Miles and Huberman not only is considerably expanded in content, but is now available in paperback. Bringing the art of qualitative analysis up-to-date, this edition adds hundreds of new techniques, ideas and references developed in the past decade. The increase in the use of computers in qualitative analysis is also reflected in this volume. There is an extensive appendix on criteria to choose from among the currently available analysis packages. Through examples from a host of social science and professional disciplines, Qualitative Data Analysis remains the most comprehensive and complete treatment of this topic currently available to scholars and applied researchers.
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A Companion to Qualitative Research

Author: Uwe Flick,Ernst von Kardoff,Ines Steinke

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761973751

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 9069

A Companion to Qualitative Research draws on the work of an array of leading scholars from Europe, Britain and North America to present a summary of every aspect of the qualitative research process from nuts-and-bolts methods and research styles, to examinations of methodological theory and epistemology. It is one of the few surveys of qualitative research to adopt a genuinely international voice.
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An Introduction to Empirical Legal Research

Author: Lee Epstein,Andrew D. Martin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191646555

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 6159

Is the death penalty a more effective deterrent than lengthy prison sentences? Does a judge's gender influence their decisions? Do independent judiciaries promote economic freedom? Answering such questions requires empirical evidence, and arguments based on empirical research have become an everyday part of legal practice, scholarship, and teaching. In litigation judges are confronted with empirical evidence in cases ranging from bankruptcy and taxation to criminal law and environmental infringement. In academia researchers are increasingly turning to sophisticated empirical methods to assess and challenge fundamental assumptions about the law. As empirical methods impact on traditional legal scholarship and practice, new forms of education are needed for today's lawyers. All lawyers asked to present or assess empirical arguments need to understand the fundamental principles of social science methodology that underpin sound empirical research. An Introduction to Empirical Legal Research introduces that methodology in a legal context, explaining how empirical analysis can inform legal arguments; how lawyers can set about framing empirical questions, conducting empirical research, analysing data, and presenting or evaluating the results. The fundamentals of understanding quantitative and qualitative data, statistical models, and the structure of empirical arguments are explained in a way accessible to lawyers with or without formal training in statistics. Written by two of the world's leading experts in empirical legal analysis, drawing on years of experience in training lawyers in empirical methods, An Introduction to Empirical Legal Research will be an invaluable primer for all students, academics, or practising lawyers coming to empirical research - whether they are embarking themselves on an empirical research project, or engaging with empirical arguments in their field of study, research, or practice.
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Gang Life in Two Cities

An Insider's Journey

Author: Robert J. Durán

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023153096X

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 4145

Refusing to cast gangs in solely criminal terms, Robert J. Durán, a former gang member turned scholar, recasts such groups as an adaptation to the racial oppression of colonization in the American Southwest. Developing a paradigm rooted in ethnographic research and almost two decades of direct experience with gangs, Durán completes the first-ever study to follow so many marginalized groups so intensely for so long, revealing their core characteristics, behavior, and activities within two unlikely American cities. Durán spent five years in Denver, Colorado, and Ogden, Utah, conducting 145 interviews with gang members, law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and other relevant individuals. From his research, he constructs a comparative outline of the emergence and criminalization of Latino youth groups, the ideals and worlds they create, and the reasons for their persistence. He also underscores the failures of violent gang suppression tactics, which have only further entrenched these groups within the barrio. Encouraging cultural activists and current and former gang members to pursue grassroots empowerment, Durán proposes new solutions to racial oppression that challenge and truly alter the conditions of gang life.
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