Challenges in Green Analytical Chemistry

Author: Miguel da la Guardia,Salvador Garrigues

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849731322

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 1075

Concerns about environmental pollution, global climate change and hazards to human health have increased dramatically. This has lead to a call for change in chemical processes including those that are part of chemical analysis. The development of analytical chemistry continues and every new discovery in chemistry, physics, molecular biology, and materials science brings new opportunities and challenges. Yet, contemporary analytical chemistry does not consume resources optimally. Indeed, the usage of toxic chemical compounds is at the highest rate ever. All this makes the emerging field of green chemistry a "hot topic" in industrial, governmental laboratories as well as in academia. This book starts by introducing the twelve principles of green chemistry. It then goes on to discuss how the principles of green chemistry can be used to assess the 'greenness' of analytical methodologies. The 'green profile' proposed by the ACS Green Chemistry Institute is also presented. A chapter on "Greening" sample preparation describes approaches to minimizing toxic solvent use, using non-toxic alternatives, and saving energy. The chapter on instrumental methods describes existing analytical approaches that are inherently green and making non-green methods greener. The final chapter on signal acquisition describes how quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) ideas could reduce experimental work thus making analysis greener. The book concludes with a discussion of how green chemistry is both possible and necessary. Green Analytical Chemistry is aimed at managers of analytical laboratories but will also interest teachers of analytical chemistry and green public policy makers.
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Principles of Analytical Chemistry

A Textbook

Author: Miguel Valcarcel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642571573

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 7363

Principles of Analytical Chemistry gives readers a taste of what the field is all about. Using keywords of modern analytical chemistry, it constructs an overview of the discipline, accessible to readers pursuing different scientific and technical studies. In addition to the extremely easy-to-understand presentation, practical exercises, questions, and lessons expound a large number of examples.
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Sample Preparation Techniques in Analytical Chemistry

Author: Somenath Mitra

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471457824

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 5328

The importance of accurate sample preparation techniques cannot beoverstated--meticulous sample preparation is essential. Oftenoverlooked, it is the midway point where the analytes from thesample matrix are transformed so they are suitable for analysis.Even the best analytical techniques cannot rectify problemsgenerated by sloppy sample pretreatment. Devoted entirely to teaching and reinforcing these necessarypretreatment steps, Sample Preparation Techniques in AnalyticalChemistry addresses diverse aspects of this important measurementstep. These include: * State-of-the-art extraction techniques for organic and inorganicanalytes * Sample preparation in biological measurements * Sample pretreatment in microscopy * Surface enhancement as a sample preparation tool in Raman and IRspectroscopy * Sample concentration and clean-up methods * Quality control steps Designed to serve as a text in an undergraduate or graduate levelcurriculum, Sample Preparation Techniques in Analytical Chemistryalso provides an invaluable reference tool for analytical chemistsin the chemical, biological, pharmaceutical, environmental, andmaterials sciences.
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Statistical Methods in Analytical Chemistry

Author: Peter C. Meier,Richard E. Zünd

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471726117

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 4805

This new edition of a successful, bestselling book continues toprovide you with practical information on the use of statisticalmethods for solving real-world problems in complex industrialenvironments. Complete with examples from the chemical andpharmaceutical laboratory and manufacturing areas, this thoroughlyupdated book clearly demonstrates how to obtain reliable results bychoosing the most appropriate experimental design and dataevaluation methods. Unlike other books on the subject, Statistical Methods inAnalytical Chemistry, Second Edition presents and solves problemsin the context of a comprehensive decision-making process under GMPrules: Would you recommend the destruction of a $100,000 batch ofproduct if one of four repeat determinations barely fails thespecification limit? How would you prevent this from happening inthe first place? Are you sure the calculator you are using istelling the truth? To help you control these situations, the newedition: * Covers univariate, bivariate, and multivariate data * Features case studies from the pharmaceutical and chemicalindustries demonstrating typical problems analysts encounter andthe techniques used to solve them * Offers information on ancillary techniques, including a shortintroduction to optimization, exploratory data analysis, smoothingand computer simulation, and recapitulation of errorpropagation * Boasts numerous Excel files and compiled Visual Basic programs-nostatistical table lookups required! * Uses Monte Carlo simulation to illustrate the variabilityinherent in statistically indistinguishable data sets Statistical Methods in Analytical Chemistry, Second Edition is anexcellent, one-of-a-kind resource for laboratory scientists andengineers and project managers who need to assess data reliability;QC staff, regulators, and customers who want to frame realisticrequirements and specifications; as well as educators looking forreal-life experiments and advanced students in chemistry andpharmaceutical science. From the reviews of Statistical Methods in Analytical Chemistry,First Edition: "This book is extremely valuable. The authors supply many veryuseful programs along with their source code. Thus, the user cancheck the authenticity of the result and gain a greaterunderstanding of the algorithm from the code. It should be on thebookshelf of every analytical chemist."-Applied Spectroscopy "The authors have compiled an interesting collection of data toillustrate the application of statistical methods . . . includingcalibrating, setting detection limits, analyzing ANOVA data,analyzing stability data, and determining the influence of errorpropagation."-Clinical Chemistry "The examples are taken from a chemical/pharmaceutical environment,but serve as convenient vehicles for the discussion of when to usewhich test, and how to make sense out of the results. Whilepractical use of statistics is the major concern, it is put intoperspective, and the reader is urged to use plausibilitychecks."-Journal of Chemical Education "The discussion of univariate statistical tests is one of the morethorough I have seen in this type of book . . . The treatment oflinear regression is also thorough, and a complete set of equationsfor uncertainty in the results is presented . . . The bibliographyis extensive and will serve as a valuable resource for thoseseeking more information on virtually any topic covered in thebook."-Journal of American Chemical Society "This book treats the application of statistics to analyticalchemistry in a very practical manner. [It] integrates PC computingpower, testing programs, and analytical know-how in the context ofgood manufacturing practice/good laboratory practice (GMP/GLP) . ..The book is of value in many fields of analytical chemistry andshould be available in all relevant libraries."-Chemometrics andIntelligent Laboratory Systems
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Analytical Chemistry in Archaeology

Author: A. M. Pollard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521655729

Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 854

This book is an introductory manual that explains the basic concepts of chemistry behind scientific analytical techniques and that reviews their application to archaeology. It explains key terminology, outlines the procedures to be followed in order to produce good data, and describes the function of the basic instrumentation required to carry out those procedures. The manual contains chapters on the basic chemistry and physics necessary to understand the techniques used in analytical chemistry, with more detailed chapters on Atomic Absorption, Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectroscopy, Neutron Activation Analysis, X-ray Flourescence, Electron Microscopy, Infra-red and Raman Spectroscopy, and Mass Spectrometry. Each chapter describes the operation of the instruments, some hints on the practicalities, and a review of the application of the technique to archaeology, including some case studies. With guides to further reading on the topic, it is an essential tool for practitioners, researchers and advanced students alike.
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Green Analytical Chemistry

Author: Mihkel Koel,Mihkel Kaljurand

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 178262600X

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 8612

Concerns about environmental pollution, global climate change and hazards to human health have increased dramatically. This has led to a call for change in chemical processes including those that are part of chemical analysis. The development of analytical chemistry continues and every new discovery in chemistry, physics, molecular biology, and materials science brings new opportunities and challenges. Yet, contemporary analytical chemistry does not consume resources optimally. Indeed, the usage of toxic chemical compounds is at the highest rate ever. All this makes the emerging field of green chemistry a “hot topic” in industrial, governmental laboratories as well as in academia. This book starts by introducing the twelve principles of green chemistry. It then goes on to discuss how the principles of green chemistry can be used to assess the ‘greenness’ of analytical methodologies. The ‘green profile’ proposed by the ACS Green Chemistry Institute is also presented. A chapter on “Greening” sample preparation describes approaches to minimizing toxic solvent use, using non-toxic alternatives, and saving energy. The chapter on instrumental methods describes existing analytical approaches that are inherently green and making non-green methods greener. The final chapter on signal acquisition describes how quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) ideas could reduce experimental work thus making analysis greener. The book concludes with a discussion of how green chemistry is both possible and necessary. Green Analytical Chemistry is aimed at managers of analytical laboratories but will also interest teachers of analytical chemistry and green public policy makers.
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Statistics and Chemometrics for Analytical Chemistry

Author: James N. Miller,Jane Charlotte Miller

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780131291928

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 1000

This popular textbook gives a clear account of the principles of the main statistical methods used in modern analytical laboratories. Such methods underpin high quality analyses in areas such as the safety of food, water and medicines, environmental monitoring, and chemical manufacturing. The treatment throughout emphasises the underlying statistical ideas, and no detailed knowledge of mathematics is required. There are numerous worked examples, including the use of Microsoft Excel and Minitab, and a large number of student exercises, many of them based on examples from the analytical literature. Key features expanded treatment of control charts additions to cover single point calibration and method comparison techniques extended treatment of robust methods major additions to sections on multivariate regression numerous worked examples, using Microsoft Excel and Minitab an attractive two-colour text design updated Instructors¿ manual improved website including examples for lecturers and students This book is aimed at undergraduate and graduate courses in Analytical Chemistry and related topics. It will also be a valuable resource for researchers and chemists working in analytical chemistry. Professor James Milleris Emeritus Professor of Analytical Chemistry at Loughborough University. He has published numerous reviews and papers on analytical techniques and been awarded the SAC Silver Medal, the Theophilus Redwood Lectureship and the SAC Gold Medal by the Royal Society of Chemsitry. A Past President of the Analytical Division of the RSC, he is a member of the Society¿s Council and has served on the editorial boards of many analytical and spectroscopic journals. Dr Jane Millercompleted a PhD at Cambridge University¿s Cavendish Laboratory and is an experienced teacher of mathematics and physics at higher education and 6th form levels. She holds an MSc in Applied Statistics and is the author of several specialist A-level statistics texts.
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Quality in the Analytical Chemistry Laboratory

Author: Elizabeth Prichard,Neil T. Crosby,Florence Elizabeth Prichard

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471954705

Category: Science

Page: 307

View: 5184

The issue of quality assurance in the analytical chemistry laboratory has become of great importance in recent years. Quality in the Analytical Chemistry Laboratory introduces the reader to the whole concept of quality assurance. It discusses how all aspects of chemical analysis, from sampling and method selection to choice of equipment and the taking and reporting of measurements affect the quality of analytical data. Finally, the implementation and use of Quality Systems are covered. Quality in the Analytical Chemistry Laboratory is an indispensable volume for all those working in analytical chemistry laboratories, for all students of chemistry, whether specialising in analytical chemistry or not, and for laboratory managers wishing to introduce quality assurance methods into their laboratories. It is written by a team of members of staff at the Laboratory of the Government Chemist, each of whom has experience of working to international quality standards. Analytical Chemistry by Open Learning This series provides a uniquely comprehensive and integrated coverage of analytical chemistry, covering basic concepts, classical methods, instrumental techniques and applications. The learning objectives of each text are clearly identified and the student’s understanding of the material is constantly challenged by self-assessment questions with reinforcing or remedial responses. The overall objective of Analytical Chemistry by Open Learning is to enable the student to select and apply appropriate methods and techniques to solve analytical problems, and to interpret the results obtained.
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Analytical Chemistry Refresher Manual

Author: John Kenkel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873713986

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 2984

Analytical Chemistry Refresher Manual provides a comprehensive refresher in techniques and methodology of modern analytical chemistry. Topics include sampling and sample preparation, solution preparation, and discussions of wet and instrumental methods of analysis; spectrometric techniques of UV, vis, and IR spectroscopy; NMR, mass spectrometry, and atomic spectrometry techniques; analytical separations, including liquid-liquid extraction, liquid-solid extraction, instrumental and non-instrumental chromatography, and electrophoresis; and basic theory and instrument design concepts of gas chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography. The manual also covers automation, potentiometric and voltammetric techniques, and the detection and accounting of laboratory errors. Analytical Chemistry Refresher Manual will benefit all laboratory workers, water and wastewater professionals, and academic researchers who are looking for a readable reference covering the fundamentals of modern analytical chemistry.
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Handbook on Metals in Clinical and Analytical Chemistry

Author: Hans Seiler,Astrid Sigel,Helmut Sigel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824790943

Category: Science

Page: 940

View: 3070

Describes general aspects of metals in clinical chemistry focusing not only on the physiology of metal ions and their analytical determination in biological materials, but also on their geochemical distribution, technical uses and environmental effects.
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Analytical Chemistry for Technicians, Fourth Edition

Author: John Kenkel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439881065

Category: Science

Page: 537

View: 6869

Written as a training manual for chemistry-based laboratory technicians, this thoroughly updated fourth edition of the bestselling Analytical Chemistry for Technicians emphasizes the applied aspects rather than the theoretical ones. The book begins with classical quantitative analysis and follows with a practical approach to the complex world of sophisticated electronic instrumentation commonly used in real-world laboratories. Providing a foundation for the two key qualities—the analytical mindset and a basic understanding of the analytical instrumentation—this book helps prepare individuals for success on the job. Chapters cover sample preparation; gravimetric analysis; titrimetric analysis; instrumental analysis; spectrochemical methods, such as atomic spectroscopy and UV-Vis and IR molecular spectrometry; chromatographic techniques, including gas chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography; electroanalytical methods; and more. Incorporating an additional ten years of teaching experience since the publication of the third edition, the author has made significant updates and enhancements to the fourth edition. More than 150 new photographs and either new or reworked drawings spanning every chapter to assist the visual learner A new chapter on mass spectrometry, covering GC-MS, LC-MS, LC-MS-MS, and ICP-MS Thirteen new laboratory experiments An introductory section before chapter 1 to give students a preview of general laboratory considerations, safety, laboratory notebooks, and instrumental analysis Additional end-of-chapter problems, expanded "report"-type questions, and inclusion of relevant section headings in the Questions and Problems sections Application Notes in each chapter An appendix providing a glossary of quality assurance and good laboratory practice (GLP) terms
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Milestones in Analytical Chemistry

Author: American Chemical Society

Publisher: Amer Chemical Society

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 5194

Over the past 65 years, the ACS journal Analytical Chemistry has published seminal papers on almost every development in the discipline. This volume presents a history of the field of analytical chemistry through original research papers published in the Journal from 1935 to the present. An important keepsake reference for any chemist, this book was researched and edited by the Washington editorial staff of the Journal in commemoration of the 45th anniversary of the Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy - the "greatest science show on Earth. Organized by decade, each section features insightful synopses, with full-color illustrations, of the science, politics, and popular culture in which the evolution of the field took place. Each paper is preceded by an expert commentary - written by prominent scientists - providing a valuable, practical context for understanding the importance of the work.
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The Analytical Chemistry of Cannabis

Quality Assessment, Assurance, and Regulation of Medicinal Marijuana and Cannabinoid Preparations

Author: Brian F Thomas,Mahmoud ElSohly

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128046708

Category: Science

Page: 132

View: 9105

A volume in the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series, The Analytical Chemistry of Cannabis: Quality Assessment, Assurance, and Regulation of Medicinal Marijuana and Cannabinoid Preparations provides analytical chemistry methods that address the latest issues surrounding cannabis-based products. The plethora of marketed strains of cannabis and cannabinoid-containing products, combined with the lack of industry standards and labelling requirements, adds to the general perception of poor quality control and limited product oversight. The methods described in this leading-edge volume help to support the manufacturing, labelling, and distribution of safe and consistent products with known chemical content and demonstrated performance characteristics. It treats analytical chemistry within the context of the diverse issues surrounding medicinal and recreational cannabis in a manner designed to foster understanding and rational perspective in non-scientist stakeholders as well as scientists who are concerned with bringing a necessary degree of order to a field now characterized by confusion and contradiction. The Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series is published in partnership with RTI International and edited by Brian F. Thomas. Please be sure to check out our other featured volumes: Hackney, Anthony C. Exercise, Sport, and Bioanalytical Chemistry: Principles and Practice, 9780128092064, March 2016. Tanna, Sangeeta and Lawson, Graham. Analytical Chemistry for Assessing Medication Adherence, 9780128054635, April 2016. Rao, Vikram, Knight, Rob, and Stoner, Brian. Sustainable Shale Oil and Gas: Analytical Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Geochemistry Methods, 9780128103890, forthcoming September 2016. Farsalinos, Konstantinos, et al. Analytical Assessment of e-Cigarettes: From Contents to Chemical and Particle Exposure Profiles, 9780128112410, forthcoming November 2016. Addresses current and emerging analytical chemistry methods—an approach that is unique among the literature on this topic Presents information from a broad perspective of the issues in a single compact volume Employs language comprehensible to non-technical stakeholders as well as to specialists in analytical chemistry
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Analytical Chemistry

A Chemist and Laboratory Technician's Toolkit

Author: Bryan M. Ham,Aihui MaHam

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119069874

Category: Science

Page: 680

View: 2470

A comprehensive study of analytical chemistry providing the basics of analytical chemistry and introductions to the laboratory Covers the basics of a chemistry lab including lab safety, glassware, and common instrumentation Covers fundamentals of analytical techniques such as wet chemistry, instrumental analyses, spectroscopy, chromatography, FTIR, NMR, XRF, XRD, HPLC, GC-MS, Capillary Electrophoresis, and proteomics Includes ChemTech an interactive program that contains lesson exercises, useful calculators and an interactive periodic table Details Laboratory Information Management System a program used to log in samples, input data, search samples, approve samples, and print reports and certificates of analysis
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Handbook of Green Analytical Chemistry

Author: de la Guardia,Salvador Garrigues

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111994094X

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 6715

The emerging field of green analytical chemistry is concerned with the development of analytical procedures that minimize consumption of hazardous reagents and solvents, and maximize safety for operators and the environment. In recent years there have been significant developments in methodological and technological tools to prevent and reduce the deleterious effects of analytical activities; key strategies include recycling, replacement, reduction and detoxification of reagents and solvents. The Handbook of Green Analytical Chemistry provides a comprehensive overview of the present state and recent developments in green chemical analysis. A series of detailed chapters, written by international specialists in the field, discuss the fundamental principles of green analytical chemistry and present a catalogue of tools for developing environmentally friendly analytical techniques. Topics covered include: Concepts: Fundamental principles, education, laboratory experiments and publication in green analytical chemistry. The Analytical Process: Green sampling techniques and sample preparation, direct analysis of samples, green methods for capillary electrophoresis, chromatography, atomic spectroscopy, solid phase molecular spectroscopy, derivative molecular spectroscopy and electroanalytical methods. Strategies: Energy saving, automation, miniaturization and photocatalytic treatment of laboratory wastes. Fields of Application: Green bioanalytical chemistry, biodiagnostics, environmental analysis and industrial analysis. This advanced handbook is a practical resource for experienced analytical chemists who are interested in implementing green approaches in their work.
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BIOS Instant Notes in Analytical Chemistry

Author: David Kealey,P J Haines

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 0203645448

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 4508

Instant Notes in Analytical Chemistry provides students with a thorough comprehension of analytical chemistry and its applications. It supports the learning of principles and practice of analytical procedures and also covers the analytical techniques commonly used in laboratories today.
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Ionic Equilibria in Analytical Chemistry

Author: Jean-Louis Burgot

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441983813

Category: Science

Page: 772

View: 3950

This book of general analytical chemistry – as opposed to instrumental analysis or separation methods – in aqueous solutions is focuses on fundamentals, which is an area too often overlooked in the literature. Explanations abound of the chemical and physical principles of different operations of chemical analysis in aqueous solutions. Once these principle are firmly established, numerous examples of applications are also given.
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Analytical Chemistry

Author: G.L. David

Publisher: Universities Press

ISBN: 9788173713859

Category: Chemistry, Analytic

Page: 224

View: 9613

This book deals with the principle and applications of analytical chemistry, and is useful for B.Sc. Chemistry students and those working in analytical research laboratories of drug, pesticide and other chemical industries.
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