An Introduction to Urban Geographic Information Systems

Author: William E. Huxhold

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195065350

Category: Science

Page: 337

View: 3795

A nuts-and-bolts introduction to geographic information systems (GIS), this book outlines the basic concepts and diverse uses of this technology in a local government environment. Emphasizing the value of integrating data from various sources, the book provides a set of tools for improving the way public services are delivered, resources are managed, and policy decisions are made. Rather than stressing the computer technology that is so rapidly changing in the GIS industry, this book concentrates on the concepts upon which this technology is based: information systems design, computer-aided mapping, topological data structures, geographic base files, and land records systems. It also provides the latest information on the U.S. Census Bureau's TIGER files and the Global Positioning Satellite System established by the U.S. Department of Defense. Special features include fourteen case studies, a chapter describing the enormous effort required to set up and manage a typical GIS project, and an appendix on who is using GIS technology and how it is being used. Whether they run the GIS or help run the government, readers of An Introduction to Urban Geographic Information Systems will learn efficient and effective methods for improving the impact that local government has on its citizens.
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Geographic Information Systems

An Introduction

Author: Tor Bernhardsen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471419686

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 2150

"If we are to solve many of the problems facing us-in the cities, in the wild areas of the earth, in the atmosphere, and the oceans-we shall need the help of skilled users of GIS technology. If readers can master what is in this volume, they will be well started on this enterprise." -From the Foreword by Jack Dangermond President of ESRI Praise for previous editions: "One of only a small number of texts devoted to the technology of GIS that are truly introductory in nature. . . . Very readable and of moderate length. Those who are real novices to GIS will find this one attractive." -Computers and Geosciences "Well-rendered and very clear line drawings . . . well written, with a well-balanced blend of technical/theoretical concepts and more applied facts of GIS." -Professional Geographer Geographic Information Systems provides a practical, theory-driven overview of GIS that is supported with clear coverage of basic techniques. This treatment enables readers to understand the broad aspects of GIS without focusing on a specific software or discipline, such as engineering or geography. New features of this Third Edition include: up-to-date information on standardization efforts aimed at facilitating the exchange of ideas and data; technical content that is up to date with current hardware, software, database design, and analytical techniques; and comprehensive cost/benefit guidelines for choosing and evaluating a GIS, including coverage of organizational and technical issues. Complete with extensive references and links to online resources, Geographic Information Systems, Third Edition, is an exceptional resource for students of GIS, planning, land use, natural resources, civil and environmental engineering, real estate, and wildlife biology.
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MANAGING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM PROJECTS. Edition en anglais

Author: William E. Huxhold,A. G. Levinsohn

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195078695

Category: Science

Page: 247

View: 7744

Most of the current publications on geographic information systems (GIS) focus on its mechanics, technology, and project-specific applications. This much-needed book, however, introduces the reader to GIS implementation from a management and organizational perspective. GIS is becoming increasingly popular and is evolving from a mapping tool used for support functions to a technology capable of redesigning land administration. In other sectors, information technology has had a dramatic effect on operations. This book examines those cases, and applies them to GIS paradigm, stressing that GIS technology itself does not cause improvements in operational efficiency and effectiveness, but enables changes that can facilitate these improvements. The bulk of the book guides the reader through the necessary frameworks and techniques needed to plan, design, and implement GIS as a technological infrastructure within an organization. Managing Geographic Information System Projects, is suitable for both students and professionals who want to know how to successfully implement GIS technology in organizations.
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An Introduction To The Theory Of Spatial Object Modelling For GIS

Author: Martin Molenaar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748407743

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 200

View: 6460

This text provides a background view of the object approach, related geometric aspects, the different level of data modelling and the role of geo-information theory. The rest of the book builds upon these concepts describing the applicability of broader aspects such as topology, thematic object classes and class hierarchies, object aggregation and generalization and uncertainty.
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ArcGIS and the Digital City

A Hands-on Approach for Local Government

Author: William E. Huxhold,Eric M. Fowler,Brian Parr

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781589480742

Category: Computers

Page: 305

View: 9407

"After doing the exercises in ArcGIS and the Digital City: A Hands-on Approach for Local Government, you will understand the power and the problems associated with working with real data in a GIS, and you will be able to use ArcGIS Desktop to address issues crucial to cities and counties."--BOOK JACKET.
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Spatial Information Theory A Theoretical Basis for GIS

International Conference COSIT '97, Laurel Highlands, Pennsylvania, USA, October 15-18, 1997. Proceedings

Author: Stephen C. Hirtle,Andrew U. Frank

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540636236

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2819

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Handbook of Public Information Systems, Third Edition

Author: Christopher M Shea,G. David Garson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439807576

Category: Political Science

Page: 520

View: 4418

Delivering IT projects on time and within budget, while maintaining privacy, security, and accountability, remains one of the major public challenges of our time. In the four short years since the publication of the second edition of the Handbook of Public Information Systems, the field of public information systems has continued to evolve. This evolution has elucidated many issues that public sector managers face as they wrestle with the information age. Completely revised and updated, the third edition addresses all aspects of public IT projects while emphasizing a common theme: Information technology initiatives are neither simple nor routine. These initiatives carry substantial implications for democratic values, policy development, strategic planning, and the mobilization of human capital. The third edition provides further insight into significant issues such as: Network governance Cross organizational integration and operability Enterprise architecture design, development, and management The impact of information technology on government service delivery With articles contributed by experts in the field, the coverage includes 21st century public information systems, modern IT needs, and the development of e-governments. The book examines the growth and use of information technology within and among government agencies and organizations. It examines current policy issues, offers case studies, and demonstrates successful public sector applications. Each section leads to a holistic approach that emphasizes communication, understanding, and participation from top management, technology teams, and end users. The more we learn about e-government and e-governance issues, the more it becomes apparent that the interrelationships between political environments, organizational environments, and technological capabilities are often difficult to summarize and predict. As the field advances, our understanding of the complexity of the relevant issues increases, and more guidance becomes available to administrators. This book puts you on the path to a better understanding of the issues and successful implementation of IT projects.
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Spatial Databases

With Application to GIS

Author: Ph Rigaux,Michel Scholl,Agnès Voisard

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9781558605886

Category: Computers

Page: 410

View: 5843

1 AN INTRODUCTION TO SPATIAL DATABASES -- 2 REPRESENTATION OF SPATIAL OBJECTS -- 3 LOGICAL MODELS AND QUERY LANGUAGES -- 4 THE CONSTRAINT DATA MODEL -- 5 COMPUTATIONAL GEOMETRY -- 6 SPATIAL ACCESS METHODS -- 7 QUERY PROCESSING -- 8 COMMERCIAL SYSTEMSAn introduction to spatial databases -- Representation of spatial objects -- Logical models and query languages -- The constraint data model -- Computational geometry -- Spatial access methods -- Query processing -- Commercial systems.
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Geographic Information Systems in Water Resources Engineering

Author: Lynn E. Johnson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420069143

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 316

View: 5236

State-of-the-art GIS spatial data management and analysis tools are revolutionizing the field of water resource engineering. Familiarity with these technologies is now a prerequisite for success in engineers’ and planners’ efforts to create a reliable infrastructure. GIS in Water Resource Engineering presents a review of the concepts and applications of GIS in the various sub-fields of water resource engineering. After a summary review of analyses and database functions, the book addresses concepts and applications in the following areas: Surface Water Hydrology Groundwater Hydrology Water Supply and Irrigation systems Wastewater and Stormwater Systems Floodplain Management Water Quality Water Resource Monitoring and Forecasting River Basin Planning and Management The book develops a general understanding of the nature of GIS and how it is used to create and analyze geographic data. The author first introduces primary field data collection methods and describes procedures for interpretation and analysis. The second portion of the book focuses on the linkage of GIS data with water resource analysis and management models. Applications are presented with descriptions of GIS database development, analysis background theory, and model integration with GIS. The profound impact of GIS systems on water resources engineering continues to grow. GIS in Water Resource Engineering arms engineers and planners with an arsenal of tools to assist in the creation of a reliable, environmentally sensitive, infrastructure.
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Regional and Urban GIS

A Decision Support Approach

Author: Timothy L. Nyerges,Piotr Jankowski

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 160623336X

Category: Social Science

Page: 299

View: 8030

This unique text shows students and professionals how geographic information systems (GIS) can guide decision making about complex community and environmental problems. The authors’ step-by-step introduction to GIS-based decision analysis methods and techniques covers important urban and regional issues (land, transportation, and water resource management) and decision processes (planning, improvement programming, and implementation). Real-world case studies demonstrate how GIS-based decision support works in a variety of contexts, with a special focus on community and regional sustainability management. Ideal for course use, the book reinforces key concepts with end-of-chapter review questions; illustrations include 18 color plates.
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Geographic Information Systems in Business

Author: Pick, James

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591404010

Category: Computers

Page: 414

View: 9134

This book contains state-of-the-art research studies on the concepts, theory, processes, and real world applications of geographical information systems (GIS) in business. Its chapters are authored by many of the leading experts in applying GIS and geospatial science to business. The book utilizes a wide variety of approaches and methodologies including conceptual theory development, research frameworks, quantitative and qualitative methods, case studies, systems design, DSS theory, and geospatial analysis combined with point-of-sale. Since relatively little research has been published on GIS in business, this book is pioneering and should be the principal compendium of the latest research in this area. The book impacts not only the underlying definitions, concepts, and theories of GIS in business and industry, but its practice as well.
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Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing

Author: Morris Juppenlatz

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: N.A

Category: City planning

Page: 145

View: 3275

Taking data from the real world, maps, reports, & other sources, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) synthesize, analyze, & model geographical decision media, providing tools that are revolutionizing urban & regional planning. This valuable introduction to GIS & remote sensing (RS) clearly explains how to take full advantage of this new technology. Thorough enough to offer valuable counsel to those already working with GIS & RS, yet presupposing no knowledge of computing, the book takes readers step by step from the simplest hows & whys all the way to the architecture, implementation, & application of a complete system.
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Time-Integrative Geographic Information Systems

Management and Analysis of Spatio-Temporal Data

Author: Thomas Ott,Frank Swiaczny

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540410164

Category: Computers

Page: 234

View: 6077

CD-ROM contains: Examples and code from text.
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Spatial Analysis And GIS

Author: S Fotheringham,Peter Rogerson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748401048

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 9691

Geographic information systems represent an exciting and rapidly expanding technology via which spatial data may be captured, stored, retrieved, displayed, manipulated and analysed. Applications of this technology include detailed inventories of land use parcels. Spatial patterns of disease, geodemographics, environmental management and macroscale inventories of global resources. The impetus for this book is the relative lack of research into the integration of spatial analysis and GIS, and the potential benefits in developing such an integration. From a GIS perspective, there is an increasing demand for systems that do something other than display and organize data. From a spatial analytical perspective, there are advantages to linking statistical methods and mathematical models to the database and display capabilities of a GIS. Although the GIS may not be absolutely necessary for spatial analysis, it can facilitate such an analysis and moreover provide insights that might otherwise have been missed. The contributions to the book tell us where we are and where we ought to be going. It suggests that the integration of spatial analysis and GIS will stimulate interest in quantitative spatial science, particularly exploratory and visual types of analysis and represents a unique statement of the state-of-the-art issues in integration and interface.
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An Introduction to Geographic Information Technology

Author: Suchandra Choudhury

Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 8188237663

Category: Geographic information systems

Page: 300

View: 3821

Introduction to Geographic Information Technology is an up-to-date introduction that provides a balanced treatment of concepts and techniques required for GIS and Remote Sensing. The book focuses on foundation, integration and practical applications of GIS, Remote Sensing, GPS and other areas of Geographic Information Technology. It also considers how the technology. It also considers how the technology works. The book can be used to give the reader a quick tour through the world of Geographic Information Technology, to help the reader develop a thorough understanding of Geographic Information Technology or as a source of reference information. The authors are scientists, practitioners and teachers who understand student requirements in developing basic foundation required to build specific skills in Geographic Information Technology. The book presented with examples on the subject, makes the study of any branch of Geographic Information Technology from the broader context of geography in general to spatial information resource management in particular. It gives a wholesome coverage of GIS, Remote Sensing and GPS principles as well as data structures, spatial database modeling and their applications.
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An Introduction to the Geography of Health

Author: Peter Anthamatten,Helen Hazen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135999333

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 304

View: 1094

Health issues such as the emergence of infectious diseases, the potential influence of global warming on human health, and the escalating strain of increasing longevity and chronic conditions on healthcare systems are of growing importance in an increasingly peopled and interconnected world. A geographic approach to the study of health offers a critical perspective to these issues, considering how changing relationships between people and their environments influence human health. An Introduction to the Geography of Health provides an accessible introduction to this rapidly growing field, covering theoretical and methodological background. The text is divided into three sections which consider distinct approaches and techniques related to health geographies. Section one introduces ecological approaches, with a focus on how natural and built environments affect human health. For instance, how have irrigation projects influenced the spread of water-borne diseases? How can modern healthcare settings, such as hospitals, affect the spread and evolution of pathogens? Section two discusses social aspects of health and healthcare, considering health as not merely a biological interaction between a pathogen and human host, but as a process that is situated among social factors which ultimately drive who suffers from what, and where disease occurs. Section three then considers spatial techniques and approaches to exploring health, giving special focus to the growing role of cartography and geographic information systems (GIS) in the study of health. This clearly written text contains a range of pedagogical features including a wealth of global case studies, discussion questions and suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter, a colour plate section and over eighty diagrams and figures. The accompanying website also provides presentations, exercises, further resources, and tables and figures. This book is an essential introductory text for undergraduate students studying Geography, Health and Social Studies.
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Pro Oracle Spatial for Oracle Database 11g

Author: Ravikanth Kothuri,Albert Godfrind,Euro Beinat

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 143020446X

Category: Computers

Page: 787

View: 9380

Pro Oracle Spatial for Oracle Database 11g shows you how to take advantage of Oracle Database's built-in feature set for working with location-based data. The book addresses the special nature of spatial data and its role in professional and consumer applications. It also details issues in spatial data management and covers how spatial information is used to understand business and support decisions, to manage customer relations, and to better serve private and corporate users. When you read this book, you're learning from the very best, the authors are key players on the team that develops the Oracle Spatial feature set.
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Spatial Data Analysis

An Introduction for GIS Users

Author: Christopher Lloyd

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199554323

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 2016

Spatial Data Analysis introduces key principles about spatial data and provides guidance on methods for their exploration; it provides a set of key ideas or frameworks that will give the reader knowledge of the kinds of problems that can be tackled using the tools that are widely available for the analysis of spatial data.
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A Research Agenda for Geographic Information Science

Author: Robert B. McMaster,E. Lynn Usery

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420038330

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 4379

A close relationship exists between GIS and numerous applications, including cartography, photogrammetry, geodesy, surveying, computer and information science, and statistics, among others. Scientists coined the term "geographic information science (GIScience)" to describe the theory behind these fields. A Research Agenda for Geographic Information Science extensively details the issues and fundamental scientific problems that must be solved if the use of GIS in these and other fields is to advance. Immediately following the founding of the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science (UCGIS), the group identified in a Research Agenda the topics that represented major challenges to the GIS research community. The first chapter of this book delivers an introduction to the agenda and to the collective guidance that the agenda provides to researchers. Chapters 2-10 discuss nine original research challenges. Chapters 11-14 provide the basis of the agenda's four "Emerging Themes." Each chapter, written by researchers involved in the conception of the topics, discusses basic research elements, the UCGIS approach, the need for the National research agenda, contributions to knowledge and society, and offers a complete set of references. The final section draws general conclusions about the UCGIS approach and the defined research challenges.
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Introductory Geographic Information Systems

Author: John R. Jensen,Ryan R. Jensen

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780136147763

Category: Education

Page: 400

View: 4481

Geospatial technologies in general – and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in particular – are becoming increasingly important in our society. GIS technology is used to identify the optimal routes for emergency vehicles, to determine the best locations for various businesses, schools, and facilities, to monitor the growth and expansion of urban areas as a way to manage natural resources, and much more. Principles of Geographic Information Systems by John Jensen and Ryan Jensen is an ideal introduction for those who know very little about geographic information systems and spatial analysis. Relatively complex GIS principles are introduced in basic terms, often using graphics to communicate principles rather than complex mathematical equations. Content is not geared toward any single commercial GIS software program, and the book's timely, practical examples and extensive visual format appeal to today's students. This text can be used at the undergraduate or graduate level in one or two semester courses in Introductory and Intermediate GIS, yet can also be useful for professionals looking to increase their knowledge in this subject area. Note: If you are purchasing the standalone text or electronic version, mygeoscienceplace does not come automatically packaged with the text. To purchase mygeoscienceplace, please visit www.mygeoscienceplace.com.
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