An Introduction to Twistor Theory

Author: S. A. Huggett,K. P. Tod

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521456890

Category: Mathematics

Page: 178

View: 855

This book is an introduction to twistor theory and modern geometrical approaches to space-time structure at the graduate or advanced undergraduate level. It will be valuable also to the physicist as an introduction to some of the mathematics that has proved useful in these areas, and to the mathematician as an example of where sheaf cohomology and complex manifold theory can be used in physics.
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Twistor Geometry and Field Theory

Author: R. S. Ward,Raymond O. Wells, Jr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521422680

Category: Mathematics

Page: 520

View: 3853

This book deals with the twistor treatment of certain linear and non-linear partial differential equations. The description in terms of twistors involves algebraic and differential geometry, algebraic topology and results in a new perspective on the properties of space and time. The authors firstly develop the mathematical background, then go on to discuss Yang-Mills fields and gravitational fields in classical language, and in the final part a number of field-theoretic problems are solved. Issued here for the first time in paperback, this self-contained volume should be of use to graduate mathematicians and physicists and research workers in theoretical physics, relativity, and cosmology.
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An Introduction to K-Theory for C*-Algebras

Author: M. Rørdam,Flemming Larsen,N. Laustsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521789448

Category: Mathematics

Page: 242

View: 312

This book provides a very elementary introduction to K-theory for C*-algebras, and is ideal for beginning graduate students.
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Presentations of Groups

Author: D. L. Johnson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521585422

Category: Mathematics

Page: 216

View: 3021

The aim of this book is to provide an introduction to combinatorial group theory. Any reader who has completed first courses in linear algebra, group theory and ring theory will find this book accessible. The emphasis is on computational techniques but rigorous proofs of all theorems are supplied.This new edition has been revised throughout, including new exercises and an additional chapter on proving that certain groups are infinite.
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A Brief Guide to Algebraic Number Theory

Author: H. P. F. Swinnerton-Dyer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521004237

Category: Mathematics

Page: 146

View: 310

Broad graduate-level account of Algebraic Number Theory, including exercises, by a world-renowned author.
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An Introduction to Noncommutative Noetherian Rings

Author: K. R. Goodearl,R. B. Warfield, Jr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521369251

Category: Mathematics

Page: 303

View: 2214

Introduces and applies the standard techniques in the area (ring of fractions, bimodules, Krull dimension, linked prime ideals).
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An Introduction to Hankel Operators

Author: Jonathan R. Partington

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521367912

Category: Mathematics

Page: 103

View: 6452

Hankel operators are of wide application in mathematics and engineering and this account of them is both elementary and rigorous.
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LMSST: 24 Lectures on Elliptic Curves

Author: John William Scott Cassels

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521425308

Category: Mathematics

Page: 137

View: 1546

The study of special cases of elliptic curves goes back to Diophantos and Fermat, and today it is still one of the liveliest centers of research in number theory. This book, addressed to beginning graduate students, introduces basic theory from a contemporary viewpoint but with an eye to the historical background. The central portion deals with curves over the rationals: the Mordell-Wei finite basis theorem, points of finite order (Nagell-Lutz), etc. The treatment is structured by the local-global standpoint and culminates in the description of the Tate-Shafarevich group as the obstruction to a Hasse principle. In an introductory section the Hasse principle for conics is discussed. The book closes with sections on the theory over finite fields (the "Riemann hypothesis for function fields") and recently developed uses of elliptic curves for factoring large integers. Prerequisites are kept to a minimum; an acquaintance with the fundamentals of Galois theory is assumed, but no knowledge either of algebraic number theory or algebraic geometry is needed. The p-adic numbers are introduced from scratch. Many examples and exercises are included for the reader, and those new to elliptic curves, whether they are graduate students or specialists from other fields, will find this a valuable introduction.
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Integrable Systems

Twistors, Loop Groups, and Riemann Surfaces

Author: N.J. Hitchin,G. B. Segal,R.S. Ward

Publisher: Oxford Graduate Texts in Mathe

ISBN: 0199676771

Category: Mathematics

Page: 136

View: 2074

Designed to give graduate students an understanding of integrable systems via the study of Riemann surfaces, loop groups, and twistors, this book has its origins in a lecture series given by the internationally renowned authors. Written in an accessible, informal style, it fills a gap in the existing literature.
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Compact Riemann Surfaces

An Introduction to Contemporary Mathematics

Author: Jürgen Jost

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662034468

Category: Mathematics

Page: 295

View: 5173

This book is novel in its broad perspective on Riemann surfaces: the text systematically explores the connection with other fields of mathematics. The book can serve as an introduction to contemporary mathematics as a whole, as it develops background material from algebraic topology, differential geometry, the calculus of variations, elliptic PDE, and algebraic geometry. The book is unique among textbooks on Riemann surfaces in its inclusion of an introduction to Teichmüller theory. For this new edition, the author has expanded and rewritten several sections to include additional material and to improve the presentation.
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Hyperbolic Geometry

Author: Birger Iversen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521435080

Category: Mathematics

Page: 298

View: 5570

Although it arose from purely theoretical considerations of the underlying axioms of geometry, the work of Einstein and Dirac has demonstrated that hyperbolic geometry is a fundamental aspect of modern physics. In this book, the rich geometry of the hyperbolic plane is studied in detail, leading to the focal point of the book, Poincare's polygon theorem and the relationship between hyperbolic geometries and discrete groups of isometries. Hyperbolic 3-space is also discussed, and the directions that current research in this field is taking are sketched. This will be an excellent introduction to hyperbolic geometry for students new to the subject, and for experts in other fields.
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Dirac Operators in Riemannian Geometry

Author: Thomas Friedrich

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821820559

Category: Mathematics

Page: 195

View: 6945

Examines the Dirac operator on Riemannian manifolds, especially its connection with the underlying geometry and topology of the manifold. The presentation includes a review of Clifford algebras, spin groups and the spin representation, as well as a review of spin structures and spin [superscript C] structures. With this foundation established, the Dirac operator is defined and studied, with special attention to the cases of Hermitian manifolds and symmetric spaces. Then, certain analytic properties are established, including self-adjointness and the Fredholm property. An important link between the geometry and the analysis is provided by estimates for the eigenvalues of the Dirac operator in terms of the scalar curvature and the sectional curvature. Considerations of Killing spinors and solutions of the twistor equation on M lead to results about whether M is an Einstein manifold or conformally equivalent to one. Finally, in an appendix, Friedrich gives a concise introduction to the Seiberg-Witten invariants, which are a powerful tool for the study of four-manifolds. There is also an appendix reviewing principal bundles and connections.
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Dynamical Systems and Ergodic Theory

Author: Mark Pollicott,Michiko Yuri

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521575997

Category: Mathematics

Page: 179

View: 5829

This book is essentially a self-contained introduction to topological dynamics and ergodic theory. It is divided into a number of relatively short chapters with the intention that each may be used as a component of a lecture course tailored to the particular audience. Parts of the book are suitable for a final year undergraduate course or for a master's level course. A number of applications are given, principally to number theory and arithmetic progressions (through van der Waerden's theorem and Szemerdi's theorem).
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Integrability, Self-duality, and Twistor Theory

Author: Lionel J. Mason,Nicholas Michael John Woodhouse

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198534983

Category: Mathematics

Page: 364

View: 8608

It has been known for some time that many of the familiar integrable systems of equations are symmetry reductions of self-duality equations on a metric or on a Yang-Mills connection (for example, the Korteweg-de Vries and nonlinear Schrodinger equations are reductions of the self-dual Yang-Mills equation). This book explores in detail the connections between self-duality and integrability, and also the application of twistor techniques to integrable systems. It has two central themes: first, that the symmetries of self-duality equations provide a natural classification scheme for integrable systems; and second that twistor theory provides a uniform geometric framework for the study of B"acklund tranformations, the inverse scattering method, and other such general constructions of integrability theory, and that it elucidates the connections between them."
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Dependence Logic

A New Approach to Independence Friendly Logic

Author: Jouko Väänänen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139465155

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 7022

Dependence is a common phenomenon, wherever one looks: ecological systems, astronomy, human history, stock markets - but what is the logic of dependence? This book is the first to carry out a systematic logical study of this important concept, giving on the way a precise mathematical treatment of Hintikka's independence friendly logic. Dependence logic adds the concept of dependence to first order logic. Here the syntax and semantics of dependence logic are studied, dependence logic is given an alternative game theoretic semantics, and results about its complexity are proven. This is a graduate textbook suitable for a special course in logic in mathematics, philosophy and computer science departments, and contains over 200 exercises, many of which have a full solution at the end of the book. It is also accessible to readers, with a basic knowledge of logic, interested in new phenomena in logic.
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Lectures on Kähler Geometry

Author: Andrei Moroianu

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139463004

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 3481

Kähler geometry is a beautiful and intriguing area of mathematics, of substantial research interest to both mathematicians and physicists. This self-contained graduate text provides a concise and accessible introduction to the topic. The book begins with a review of basic differential geometry, before moving on to a description of complex manifolds and holomorphic vector bundles. Kähler manifolds are discussed from the point of view of Riemannian geometry, and Hodge and Dolbeault theories are outlined, together with a simple proof of the famous Kähler identities. The final part of the text studies several aspects of compact Kähler manifolds: the Calabi conjecture, Weitzenböck techniques, Calabi–Yau manifolds, and divisors. All sections of the book end with a series of exercises and students and researchers working in the fields of algebraic and differential geometry and theoretical physics will find that the book provides them with a sound understanding of this theory.
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Clifford Algebras

Applications to Mathematics, Physics, and Engineering

Author: Rafal Ablamowicz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461220440

Category: Mathematics

Page: 626

View: 6803

The invited papers in this volume provide a detailed examination of Clifford algebras and their significance to analysis, geometry, mathematical structures, physics, and applications in engineering. While the papers collected in this volume require that the reader possess a solid knowledge of appropriate background material, they lead to the most current research topics. With its wide range of topics, well-established contributors, and excellent references and index, this book will appeal to graduate students and researchers.
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Complex Algebraic Curves

Author: Frances Clare Kirwan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521423533

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

View: 8762

This development of the theory of complex algebraic curves was one of the peaks of nineteenth century mathematics. They have many fascinating properties and arise in various areas of mathematics, from number theory to theoretical physics, and are the subject of much research. By using only the basic techniques acquired in most undergraduate courses in mathematics, Dr. Kirwan introduces the theory, observes the algebraic and topological properties of complex algebraic curves, and shows how they are related to complex analysis.
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